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Freddie Hubbard

Freddie Hubbard

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Frederick Dewayne "Freddie" Hubbard (April 7, 1938 – December 29, 2008) was an American
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 jazz
Jazz
Jazz is a musical style that originated at the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States. It was born out of a mix of African and European music traditions. From its early development until the present, jazz has incorporated music from 19th and 20th...

 trumpeter. He was known primarily for playing in the bebop
Bebop
Bebop differed drastically from the straightforward compositions of the swing era, and was instead characterized by fast tempos, asymmetrical phrasing, intricate melodies, and rhythm sections that expanded on their role as tempo-keepers...

, hard bop
Hard bop
Hard bop is a style of jazz that is an extension of bebop music. Journalists and record companies began using the term in the mid-1950s to describe a new current within jazz which incorporated influences from rhythm and blues, gospel music, and blues, especially in the saxophone and piano...

 and post bop styles from the early 1960s and on. His unmistakable and influential tone contributed to new perspectives for modern jazz and bebop.

Early career


Hubbard started playing the mellophone
Mellophone
The mellophone is a brass instrument that is typically used in place of the horn in marching bands or drum and bugle corps....

 and trumpet
Trumpet
The trumpet is the musical instrument with the highest register in the brass family. Trumpets are among the oldest musical instruments, dating back to at least 1500 BCE. They are played by blowing air through closed lips, producing a "buzzing" sound which starts a standing wave vibration in the air...

 in his school band at Arsenal Technical High School
Arsenal Technical High School
Arsenal Technical High School is a public high school in Indianapolis, Indiana, United States which is run by the Indianapolis Public Schools school system. Established in 1912, the school consists of a , multiple building campus east of downtown Indianapolis and is the only such type school in...

 in Indianapolis, Indiana
Indianapolis, Indiana
Indianapolis is the capital of the U.S. state of Indiana, and the county seat of Marion County, Indiana. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population is 839,489. It is by far Indiana's largest city and, as of the 2010 U.S...

. Trumpeter Lee Katzman, former sideman with Stan Kenton
Stan Kenton
Stanley Newcomb "Stan" Kenton was a pianist, composer, and arranger who led a highly innovative, influential, and often controversial American jazz orchestra. In later years he was widely active as an educator....

, recommended that he begin studying at the Arthur Jordan Conservatory of Music (now the Jordan College of Fine Art at Butler University
Butler University
Butler University is a private university located in Indianapolis, Indiana. Founded in 1855 and named after founder Ovid Butler, the university offers 60 degree programs to 4,400 students through six colleges: business, communication, education, liberal Arts and sciences, pharmacy and health...

) with Max Woodbury, the principal trumpeter of the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra
Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra
The Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra is a major American orchestra based in Indianapolis, Indiana.Annually, the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra performs 200 concerts for over 350,000 people. It is the largest performing arts organization in Indiana. The ISO is currently one of only 18 American...

. In his teens Hubbard worked locally with brothers Wes
Wes Montgomery
John Leslie "Wes" Montgomery was an American jazz guitarist. He is widely considered one of the major jazz guitarists, emerging after such seminal figures as Django Reinhardt and Charlie Christian and influencing countless others, including Pat Martino, George Benson, Russell Malone, Emily...

 and Monk Montgomery
Monk Montgomery
William Howard "Monk" Montgomery was an American jazz bassist.Born in Indianapolis, Indiana, Montgomery was the older brother of guitarist Wes Montgomery; younger brother, Buddy Montgomery played vibraphone and piano...

 and worked with bassist Larry Ridley
Larry Ridley
Larry Ridley is an American jazz bassist and music educator.-Biography:Ridley was born and reared in Indianapolis, IN. He began performing professionally while still in high school in the 1950s. Ridley studied at the Indiana University School of Music and later at the Lenox School of Jazz...

 and saxophonist James Spaulding. In 1958, at the age of 20, he moved to New York
New York
New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is the nation's third most populous state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east...

, and began playing with some of the best jazz players of the era, including Philly Joe Jones
Philly Joe Jones
Joseph Rudolph Jones was a Philadelphia-born United States jazz drummer, known as the drummer for the Miles Davis Quintet.Philly Joe Jones was often confused with another influential jazz drummer, Jo Jones...

, Sonny Rollins
Sonny Rollins
Theodore Walter "Sonny" Rollins is a Grammy-winning American jazz tenor saxophonist. Rollins is widely recognized as one of the most important and influential jazz musicians. A number of his compositions, including "St...

, Slide Hampton
Slide Hampton
Locksley Wellington "Slide" Hampton is an American jazz trombonist, composer and arranger.He was a 1998 Grammy Award winner for "Best Jazz Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist", as arranger for "Cotton Tail" performed by Dee Dee Bridgewater...

, Eric Dolphy
Eric Dolphy
Eric Allan Dolphy was an American jazz alto saxophonist, flutist, and bass clarinetist. On a few occasions he also played the clarinet and baritone saxophone. Dolphy was one of several multi-instrumentalists to gain prominence in the 1960s...

, J. J. Johnson, and Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
Quincy Delightt Jones, Jr. is an American record producer and musician. A conductor, musical arranger, film composer, television producer, and trumpeter. His career spans five decades in the entertainment industry and a record 79 Grammy Award nominations, 27 Grammys, including a Grammy Legend...

. In June 1960 Hubbard made his first record as a leader, Open Sesame
Open Sesame (Freddie Hubbard album)
Open Sesame is the debut album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard released on the Blue Note label in 1960 as BST 84040. It features performances by Hubbard, Tina Brooks, McCoy Tyner, Sam Jones and Clifford Jarvis...

, with saxophonist Tina Brooks
Tina Brooks
Harold Floyd "Tina" Brooks was an American hard bop tenor saxophonist and composer.-Early years:Harold Floyd Brooks was born in Fayetteville, North Carolina, and was the brother of David "Bubba" Brooks. The nickname "Tina", pronounced Teena, was a slight variation of "Teeny", a childhood moniker....

, pianist McCoy Tyner
McCoy Tyner
McCoy Tyner is a jazz pianist from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, known for his work with the John Coltrane Quartet and a long solo career.-Early life:...

, bassist Sam Jones
Samuel Jones (musician)
Samuel Jones was a jazz bassist, cellist, and composer.Sam Jones was born in Jacksonville, FL and moved to New York city in 1955. There, Jones played with Bobby Timmons, Tiny Bradshaw, Les Jazz Modes, Kenny Dorham, Illinois Jacquet, Freddie Hubbard, Dizzy Gillespie and Thelonious Monk...

, and drummer Clifford Jarvis
Clifford Jarvis
Clifford Jarvis was an American hard bop and free jazz drummer.After studying at Berklee in the 1950s he established himself in jazz between 1959 and 1966 by recording with Chet Baker, Randy Weston, Yusef Lateef, Freddie Hubbard, Barry Harris, Jackie McLean, and Elmo Hope, and playing with Grant...

.

In December 1960, Hubbard was invited to play on Ornette Coleman
Ornette Coleman
Ornette Coleman is an American saxophonist, violinist, trumpeter and composer. He was one of the major innovators of the free jazz movement of the 1960s....

's Free Jazz
Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation
Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation is the sixth album by jazz saxophonist and composer Ornette Coleman, recorded in 1960. Its title established the name of the then-nascent free jazz movement...

 after Coleman had heard him playing with Don Cherry
Don Cherry (jazz)
Donald Eugene Cherry was an innovative African-American jazz cornetist whose career began with a long association with saxophonist Ornette Coleman. He went on to live in many parts of the world and work with a wide variety of musicians.-Biography:Cherry was born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, and...

.

Then in May 1961, Hubbard played on Olé Coltrane
Olé Coltrane
Olé Coltrane is the ninth album by jazz musician John Coltrane, released in 1962 on Atlantic Records, catalogue SD 1373. His last album for Atlantic made under his supervision, unlike Coltrane's previous sessions done at their own studio, this was recorded at A&R Studios in New York.-Background:Two...

, John Coltrane
John Coltrane
John William Coltrane was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. Working in the bebop and hard bop idioms early in his career, Coltrane helped pioneer the use of modes in jazz and later was at the forefront of free jazz...

's final recording session with Atlantic Records. Together with Eric Dolphy, Hubbard was the only 'session' musician who appeared on both Olé and Africa/Brass
Africa/Brass
-Personnel:* John Coltrane — soprano and tenor saxophone* Booker Little — trumpet* Freddie Hubbard — trumpet on May 23 session only* Britt Woodman — trombone on June 4 session only* Charles Greenlee — euphonium on May 23 session only...

, Coltrane's first album with ABC/Impulse! Later, in August 1961, Hubbard made one of his most famous records, Ready for Freddie
Ready for Freddie
Ready for Freddie is the fourth album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard and was released on the Blue Note label in 1961 as BLP 4085 and BST 84085. In 2003, it was remastered and published on CD support. The two alternate takes didn't appear on the original LP. It features performances by Hubbard,...

, which was also his first collaboration with saxophonist Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter is an American jazz saxophonist and composer.He is generally acknowledged to be jazz's greatest living composer, and many of his compositions have become standards...

. Hubbard joined Shorter later in 1961 when he replaced Lee Morgan
Lee Morgan
Edward Lee Morgan was an American hard bop trumpeter.-Biography:...

 in Art Blakey
Art Blakey
Arthur "Art" Blakey , known later as Abdullah Ibn Buhaina, was an American Grammy Award-winning jazz drummer and bandleader. He was a member of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community....

's Jazz Messengers. He played on several Blakey recordings, including Caravan
Caravan (Art Blakey album)
Caravan is a jazz album released by Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers in February 1963. It was Blakey's first album for Riverside Records after he signed with them in October 1962....

, Ugetsu, Mosaic
Mosaic (Art Blakey album)
Mosaic is a 1961 jazz album released by Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers for Blue Note Records.This is the first release by one of the most critically acclaimed Jazz Messengers lineups: Wayne Shorter , Freddie Hubbard , Curtis Fuller , Cedar Walton , Jymie Merritt , and Art Blakey...

, and Free For All
Free For All (album)
Free For All is a 1964 jazz album released by Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers for Blue Note records.The Allmusic review by Al Campbell awards the album 4 stars and states " This edition of the Jazz Messengers had been together since 1961 with a lineup that would be hard to beat: Freddie Hubbard on...

. Hubbard remained with Blakey until 1966, leaving to form the first of several small groups of his own, which featured, among others, pianist Kenny Barron
Kenny Barron
Kenny Barron , is an American jazz pianist. He is the younger brother of tenor saxophonist Bill Barron, and known for his lyrical, adaptive style.-Biography:...

 and drummer Louis Hayes
Louis Hayes
Louis Hayes is an American jazz drummer.-Biography:His father played drums and piano and his mother the piano and he refers to the early influence of hearing jazz, especially that of big bands, on the radio...

.

It was during this time that he began to develop his own sound, distancing himself from the early influences of Clifford Brown
Clifford Brown
Clifford Brown , aka "Brownie," was an influential and highly rated American jazz trumpeter. He died aged 25, leaving behind only four years' worth of recordings...

 and Morgan, and won the Downbeat
Down Beat
Down Beat is an American magazine devoted to "jazz, blues and beyond" to indicate its expansion beyond the jazz realm which it covered exclusively in previous years. The publication was established in 1934 in Chicago, Illinois...

 jazz magazine "New Star" award on trumpet.

Throughout the 1960s Hubbard played as a sideman on some of the most important albums from that era, including, Oliver Nelson
Oliver Nelson
Oliver Edward Nelson was an American jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, arranger and composer.-Early life and career:...

's The Blues and the Abstract Truth
The Blues and the Abstract Truth
The Blues and the Abstract Truth is a jazz album by Oliver Nelson recorded in February 1961. It remains Nelson's most acclaimed album. It features a lineup of notable musicians: Freddie Hubbard, Eric Dolphy , Bill Evans , Paul Chambers and Roy Haynes...

, Eric Dolphy
Eric Dolphy
Eric Allan Dolphy was an American jazz alto saxophonist, flutist, and bass clarinetist. On a few occasions he also played the clarinet and baritone saxophone. Dolphy was one of several multi-instrumentalists to gain prominence in the 1960s...

's Out to Lunch
Out to Lunch (album)
Out to Lunch! was Eric Dolphy's only recording for Blue Note Records as a leader and was originally issued as BLP 4163 and BST 84163. Today it is generally considered one of the finest albums in the label's history, as well as one of the high points in 1960s jazz avant garde and in Dolphy's...

, Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Herbert Jeffrey "Herbie" Hancock is an American pianist, bandleader and composer. As part of Miles Davis's "second great quintet," Hancock helped to redefine the role of a jazz rhythm section and was one of the primary architects of the "post-bop" sound...

's Maiden Voyage, and Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter is an American jazz saxophonist and composer.He is generally acknowledged to be jazz's greatest living composer, and many of his compositions have become standards...

's Speak No Evil
Speak No Evil
Speak No Evil was one of several albums Shorter recorded for Blue Note in 1964. At the same time, he was also active in Miles Davis's band, and so it is unlikely that Speak No Evil received any special attention at the time of its release. But the passage of time has led to the album being...

. He recorded extensively for Blue Note Records
Blue Note Records
Blue Note Records is a jazz record label, established in 1939 by Alfred Lion and Max Margulis. Francis Wolff became involved shortly afterwards. It derives its name from the characteristic "blue notes" of jazz and the blues. At the end of the 1950s, and in the early 1960s, Blue Note headquarters...

 in the 1960s: eight albums as a bandleader, and twenty-eight as a sideman. Hubbard was described as "the most brilliant trumpeter of a generation of musicians who stand with one foot in 'tonal' jazz and the other in the atonal camp". Though he never fully embraced the free jazz
Free jazz
Free jazz is an approach to jazz music that was first developed in the 1950s and 1960s. Though the music produced by free jazz pioneers varied widely, the common feature was a dissatisfaction with the limitations of bebop, hard bop, and modal jazz, which had developed in the 1940s and 1950s...

 of the '60s, he appeared on two of its landmark albums: Coleman's Free Jazz
Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation
Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation is the sixth album by jazz saxophonist and composer Ornette Coleman, recorded in 1960. Its title established the name of the then-nascent free jazz movement...

 and Coltrane's Ascension.

Later career


Hubbard achieved his greatest popular success in the 1970s with a series of albums for Creed Taylor
Creed Taylor
Creed Taylor is an American record producer, best known for his work with CTI Records, which he founded in 1968. Taylor’s career also included work at Bethlehem Records, ABC-Paramount, Verve, and A&M Records...

 and his record label CTI Records
CTI Records
CTI Records was a jazz record label founded in 1967 by producer/A&R manager Creed Taylor. Initially, CTI was a subsidiary of A&M Records, but the label went independent in 1970...

, overshadowing Stanley Turrentine
Stanley Turrentine
Stanley William Turrentine, also known as "Mr. T" or "The Sugar Man", was an American jazz tenor saxophonist.-Biography:Turrentine was born in Pittsburgh's Hill District into a musical family...

, Hubert Laws
Hubert Laws
Hubert Laws is an American flutist and saxophonist with a 40+ year career in jazz, classical, and other music genres. Alongside Herbie Mann, Laws is probably the most recognized and respected jazz flutist...

, and George Benson
George Benson
George Benson is a ten Grammy Award winning American musician, whose production career began at the age of twenty-one as a jazz guitarist....

. Although his early 1970s jazz albums Red Clay
Red Clay
Red Clay is a 1970 album by Freddie Hubbard.Red Clay may also refer to:* Red clay, a type of clay court in tennis* Ultisols, a type of red clay soil common in the U.S...

, First Light
First Light (Freddie Hubbard album)
First Light is an album recorded in 1971 by jazz trumpeter Freddie Hubbard, featuring string arrangements by Don Sebesky. It was his third album released on Creed Taylor's CTI label and features performances by Hubbard, Herbie Hancock, Eric Gale, George Benson, Ron Carter, Jack DeJohnette, Airto...

, Straight Life
Straight Life (Freddie Hubbard album)
Straight Life is a soul/funk influenced jazz album recorded in 1970 by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard. It was recorded in between the albums Red Clay and First Light .- Track listing :#"Straight Life" - 17:30#"Mr...

, and Sky Dive
Sky Dive (album)
Sky Dive is an album recorded in 1972 by jazz trumpeter Freddie Hubbard. It was his fourth album released on Creed Taylor's CTI label and features performances by Hubbard, Keith Jarrett, George Benson, Ron Carter, Billy Cobham, Airto Moreira and Ray Barretto.-Track listing:# "Povo" - 14:43# "In a...

 were particularly well received and considered among his best work, the albums he recorded later in the decade were attacked by critics for their commercialism. First Light won a 1972 Grammy Award
Grammy Award
A Grammy Award — or Grammy — is an accolade by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States to recognize outstanding achievement in the music industry...

 and included pianists Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Herbert Jeffrey "Herbie" Hancock is an American pianist, bandleader and composer. As part of Miles Davis's "second great quintet," Hancock helped to redefine the role of a jazz rhythm section and was one of the primary architects of the "post-bop" sound...

 and Richard Wyands
Richard Wyands
Richard Wyands is a hard bop pianist best known as a side-man. He began playing in his teens in San Francisco, but later moved to New York City. He worked with Kenny Burrell in the 1960s and also played in Gigi Gryce's quintet...

, guitarists Eric Gale
Eric Gale
Eric J. Gale was a leading American jazz and session guitarist.Born in Brooklyn, New York, Gale began playing guitar at the age of 12. Although he majored in chemistry at Niagara University, Gale was determined to pursue a musical career, and began contributing to accompaniments for such stars as...

 and George Benson
George Benson
George Benson is a ten Grammy Award winning American musician, whose production career began at the age of twenty-one as a jazz guitarist....

, bassist Ron Carter
Ron Carter
Ron Carter is an American jazz double-bassist. His appearances on over 2,500 albums make him one of the most-recorded bassists in jazz history, along with Milt Hinton, Ray Brown and Leroy Vinnegar. Carter is also an acclaimed cellist who has recorded numerous times on that...

, drummer Jack DeJohnette
Jack DeJohnette
Jack DeJohnette is an American jazz drummer, pianist, and composer. He is one of the most influential jazz drummers of the 20th century, due to extensive work as leader and sideman for musicians like Miles Davis, Joe Henderson, Freddie Hubbard, Keith Jarrett and Sonny...

, and percussionist Airto Moreira
Airto Moreira
Airto Moreira is a Brazilian jazz drummer and percussionist. Airto is married to jazz singer Flora Purim, and their daughter Diana Moreira is also a singer. He currently resides in Los Angeles.-Biography:...

. In 1994, Freddie, collaborating with Chicago jazz vocalist/co-writer Catherine Whitney
Catherine Whitney
Catherine Jane Whitney is an American Jazz Singer that is Chicago-based and is not only a vocalist, but composer and lyricist as well. She sings in the "vo-cool" style similar to that of Anita O'Day and Peggy Lee. She is published by Second Floor Music in New York...

, had lyrics set to the music of First Light.

In 1977 Hubbard joined with Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Herbert Jeffrey "Herbie" Hancock is an American pianist, bandleader and composer. As part of Miles Davis's "second great quintet," Hancock helped to redefine the role of a jazz rhythm section and was one of the primary architects of the "post-bop" sound...

, Tony Williams, Ron Carter
Ron Carter
Ron Carter is an American jazz double-bassist. His appearances on over 2,500 albums make him one of the most-recorded bassists in jazz history, along with Milt Hinton, Ray Brown and Leroy Vinnegar. Carter is also an acclaimed cellist who has recorded numerous times on that...

 and Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter is an American jazz saxophonist and composer.He is generally acknowledged to be jazz's greatest living composer, and many of his compositions have become standards...

, members of the mid-sixties Miles Davis Quintet
Miles Davis
Miles Dewey Davis III was an American jazz musician, trumpeter, bandleader, and composer. Widely considered one of the most influential musicians of the 20th century, Miles Davis was, with his musical groups, at the forefront of several major developments in jazz music, including bebop, cool jazz,...

, for a series of performances. Several live recordings of this group were released as VSOP
VSOP (album)
V.S.O.P. is a 1976 jazz-funk fusion live album by keyboard player Herbie Hancock featuring performances by the V.S.O.P. Quintet , the Mwandishi band with Eddie Henderson on two tracks, and The Headhunters featuring Bennie Maupin and Paul Jackson.Although this album was half-fusion, half-acoustic,...

, VSOP: The Quintet
VSOP: The Quintet
V. S. O. P. The Quintet was recorded from two live performances, one at the Greek Theatre, University of California, Berkeley, on July 16, 1977, the other at the San Diego Civic Theatre, July 18, 1977...

, VSOP: Tempest in the Colosseum (all 1977) and VSOP: Live Under the Sky
VSOP: Live Under the Sky
Live Under the Sky is the twenty-eighth album by Herbie Hancock. It was performed live in Japan over two days. The first day, which took place during a furious rainstorm, was broadcast live on national television. The original release featured the first day, while the 2004 re-master/re-release...

 (1979).

Hubbard's trumpet playing was featured on the track Zanzibar, on the 1978 Billy Joel
Billy Joel
William Martin "Billy" Joel is an American musician and pianist, singer-songwriter, and classical composer. Since releasing his first hit song, "Piano Man", in 1973, Joel has become the sixth best-selling recording artist and the third best-selling solo artist in the United States, according to...

 album 52nd Street (the 1979 Grammy Award Winner for Best Album). The track ends with a fade during Hubbard's performance. An "unfaded" version was released on the 2004 Billy Joel box set My Lives
My Lives
My Lives is a box set compilation of demos, outtakes, B-sides, soundtrack cuts, live recordings and album cuts by American singer/songwriter Billy Joel. It was released on November 22, 2005...

.

In the 1980s Hubbard was again leading his own jazz group, attracting very favorable reviews, playing at concerts and festivals in the USA and Europe, often in the company of Joe Henderson
Joe Henderson
Joe Henderson was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. In a career spanning more than forty years Henderson played with many of the leading American players of his day and recorded for several prominent labels, including Blue Note.-Early life:From a very large family with five sisters and nine...

, playing a repertory of Hard-bop and modal-jazz pieces. Hubbard played at the legendary Monterey Jazz Festival
Monterey Jazz Festival
The Monterey Jazz Festival is one of the longest consecutively running jazz festivals. It debuted on October 3, 1958 and was founded by San Francisco jazz radio broadcaster Jimmy Lyons.-History:...

 in 1980 and in 1989 (with Bobby Hutcherson
Bobby Hutcherson
Bobby Hutcherson is a jazz vibraphone and marimba player. His vibraphone playing is suggestive of the style of Milt Jackson in its free-flowing melodicism, but his sense of harmony and group interaction is thoroughly modern...

). He played with Woody Shaw
Woody Shaw
Woody Shaw was an American jazz trumpeter, flugelhornist, cornetist, composer and band leader, often referred to as the "last innovator" in the jazz trumpet lineage...

, recording with him in 1985, and two years later recorded Stardust with Benny Golson
Benny Golson
Benny Golson is an American bebop/hard bop jazz tenor saxophonist, composer, and arranger.-Biography:While in high school in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Golson played with several other promising young musicians, including John Coltrane, Red Garland, Jimmy Heath, Percy Heath, Philly Joe Jones, and...

. In 1988 he teamed up once more with Blakey at an engagement in Holland, from which came Feel the Wind. In 1990 he appeared in Japan headlining an American-Japanese concert package which also featured Elvin Jones
Elvin Jones
Elvin Ray Jones was a jazz drummer of the post-bop era. He showed interest in drums at a young age, watching the circus bands march by his family's home in Pontiac, Michigan....

, Sonny Fortune
Sonny Fortune
Sonny Fortune is an American jazz alto saxophonist and flautist. He also plays soprano saxophone, tenor saxophone, baritone saxophone and clarinet.-Biography:...

, pianists George Duke
George Duke
George Duke is a multi-faceted American musician, known as a keyboard pioneer, composer, singer and producer in both jazz and popular mainstream musical genres. He has worked with numerous acclaimed artists as arranger, music director, writer and co-writer, record producer and professor of music...

 and Benny Green
Benny Green (pianist)
Benny Green is a hard bop jazz pianist who was a member of Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers. He has been compared to Bud Powell in style and counts him as an influence. As a boy he grew up in Berkeley, California and studied classical piano from the age of seven...

, bass players Ron Carter
Ron Carter
Ron Carter is an American jazz double-bassist. His appearances on over 2,500 albums make him one of the most-recorded bassists in jazz history, along with Milt Hinton, Ray Brown and Leroy Vinnegar. Carter is also an acclaimed cellist who has recorded numerous times on that...

, and Rufus Reid
Rufus Reid
Rufus Reid is an American jazz bassist, educator, and composer. He lives in Teaneck, New Jersey.-Personal history:...

, with jazz and vocalist Salena Jones
Salena Jones
Salena Jones is an American jazz and cabaret singer.-Biography:Born Joan Elizabeth Shaw in Newport News, Virginia, same home town as Ella Fitzgerald. "I loved Sarah Vaughan so much and adored Lena Horne's elegance, I put them together as ‘Salena.’ It looked good...

. He also performed at the Warsaw Jazz Festival at which Live at the Warsaw Jazz Festival (Jazzmen 1992) was recorded.

Following a long setback of health problems and a serious lip injury in 1992 where he ruptured his upper lip and subsequently developed an infection, Hubbard was again playing and recording occasionally, even if not at the high level that he set for himself during his earlier career. His best records ranked with the finest in his field.

In 2006, The National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
The National Endowment for the Arts is an independent agency of the United States federal government that offers support and funding for projects exhibiting artistic excellence. It was created by an act of the U.S. Congress in 1965 as an independent agency of the federal government. Its current...

 honored Hubbard with its highest honor in jazz, the NEA Jazz Masters
NEA Jazz Masters
The National Endowment for the Arts , every year honors up to seven jazz musicians with Jazz Master Awards. The National Endowment for the Arts Jazz Masters Fellowships are the highest honors that the United States bestows upon jazz musicians...

 Award.

On December 29, 2008, Hubbard's hometown newspaper, The Indianapolis Star
The Indianapolis Star
The Indianapolis Star is a morning daily newspaper that began publishing on June 6, 1903. It has won the Pulitzer Prize for investigative reporting twice, in 1975 and 1991. It is currently owned by the Gannett Company.-History:...

, reported that Hubbard had died from complications from a heart attack
Myocardial infarction
Myocardial infarction or acute myocardial infarction , commonly known as a heart attack, results from the interruption of blood supply to a part of the heart, causing heart cells to die...

 suffered on November 26. Billboard magazine reported that Hubbard died in Sherman Oaks, California.

Freddie Hubbard had close ties to the Jazz Foundation of America
Jazz Foundation of America
The Jazz Foundation of America is a non-profit organization based in Manhattan, New York founded in 1989. The JFA’s programs help jazz and blues musicians in need of emergency funds and connect them with performance opportunities in schools and the community...

 in his later years. Freddie is quoted as saying, “When I had congestive heart failure and couldn't work, The Jazz Foundation paid my mortgage for several months and saved my home! Thank God for those people." The Jazz Foundation of America’s Musicians' Emergency Fund took care of him during times of illness. After his death, Hubbard’s estate requested that tax-deductible donations be made in his name to the Jazz Foundation of America.

As leader


Title Year Label
Open Sesame
Open Sesame (Freddie Hubbard album)
Open Sesame is the debut album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard released on the Blue Note label in 1960 as BST 84040. It features performances by Hubbard, Tina Brooks, McCoy Tyner, Sam Jones and Clifford Jarvis...

1960 Blue Note
Blue Note Records
Blue Note Records is a jazz record label, established in 1939 by Alfred Lion and Max Margulis. Francis Wolff became involved shortly afterwards. It derives its name from the characteristic "blue notes" of jazz and the blues. At the end of the 1950s, and in the early 1960s, Blue Note headquarters...

Goin' Up
Goin' Up
Goin' Up is the second album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard released on the Blue Note label in 1960. It features performances by Hubbard, Hank Mobley, McCoy Tyner, Paul Chambers and Philly Joe Jones.-Track listing:# "Asiatic Raes" - 6:43...

1960 Blue Note
Hub Cap
Hub Cap (album)
Hub Cap is the third album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard and was released on the Blue Note label in 1961 as BLP 4073 and BST 84073. It features performances by Hubbard, Julian Priester, Jimmy Heath, Cedar Walton, Larry Ridley and Philly Joe Jones....

1961 Blue Note
Ready for Freddie
Ready for Freddie
Ready for Freddie is the fourth album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard and was released on the Blue Note label in 1961 as BLP 4085 and BST 84085. In 2003, it was remastered and published on CD support. The two alternate takes didn't appear on the original LP. It features performances by Hubbard,...

1961 Blue Note
The Artistry of Freddie Hubbard
The Artistry of Freddie Hubbard
The Artistry of Freddie Hubbard is the fifth album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard and was his first released on the Impulse! label in 1962. It features performances by Hubbard, Curtis Fuller, John Gilmore, Tommy Flanagan, Art Davis and Louis Hayes....

 
1962 Impulse!
Impulse! Records
Impulse! Records was an American jazz record label, originally established in 1960 by producer Creed Taylor as a subsidiary of ABC-Paramount Records, based in New York City...

Hub-Tones
Hub-Tones
Hub-Tones is an album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard recorded on October 10, 1962 and released on the Blue Note label as BLP 4115 and BST 84115. It features performances by Hubbard, James Spaulding, Herbie Hancock, Reggie Workman and Clifford Jarvis...

1962 Blue Note
Here to Stay
Here to Stay (Freddie Hubbard album)
Here to Stay is an album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard recorded on December 27, 1962 but not released on the Blue Note label until 1976. It features performances by Hubbard, Cedar Walton, Reggie Workman, Philly Joe Jones and, Wayne Shorter.-Track listing:...

1962 Blue Note
The Body & the Soul
The Body & the Soul
The Body & the Soul is the an album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard recorded in 1963 as his second release on the Impulse! label. It features performances by Hubbard with an orchestra and string section, and with a septet featuring Curtis Fuller, Eric Dolphy, Wayne Shorter, Cedar Walton, Reggie...

1963 Impulse!
Breaking Point 1964 Blue Note
Blue Spirits
Blue Spirits
Blue Spirits is an album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard released on the Blue Note label. It features performances by Hubbard, James Spaulding, Joe Henderson, Harold Mabern, Jr., Larry Ridley, Clifford Jarvis, Big Black, Kiane Zawadi, Hank Mobley, McCoy Tyner, Bob Cranshaw, Pete LaRoca...

1965 Blue Note
The Night of the Cookers
The Night of the Cookers
The Night of the Cookers is a live album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard recorded at Club La Marchal in April 1965 and released on the Blue Note label. It features performances by Hubbard, Lee Morgan, James Spaulding, Harold Mabern, Jr., Larry Ridley, Pete LaRoca and Big Black...

1965 Blue Note
Jam Gems: Live at the Left Bank
Jam Gems: Live at the Left Bank
Jam Gems: Live at the Left Bank is a live album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard and tenor saxophonist Jimmy Heath recorded at the Left Bank ballroom in Baltimore in June 1965 and released on the Label M label in 2001. It features performances by Hubbard, Heath, Gus Simms, Wilbur Little, and Bertell Knox...

2001 Label M
Backlash
Backlash (Freddie Hubbard album)
Backlash is a 1967 album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard, his first released on the Atlantic label. It features performances by Hubbard, James Spaulding, Albert Dailey, Bob Cunningham, Otis Ray Appleton and Ray Barretto.-Track listing:...

1966 Atlantic
Atlantic Records
Atlantic Records is an American record label best known for its many recordings of rhythm and blues, rock and roll, and jazz...

High Blues Pressure
High Blues Pressure
High Blues Pressure is an album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard. It was his second release on the Atlantic label and features performances by Hubbard, James Spaulding, Bennie Maupin, Herbie Lewis, Roman "Dog" Broadus, Weldon Irvine, Kenny Barron, Freddie Waits, Louis Hayes, Howard Johnson, and Kiane...

1968 Atlantic
A Soul Experiment
A Soul Experiment
A Soul Experiment is an album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard. It was his third release on the Atlantic label and features performances by Hubbard, Carlos Garnett, Kenny Barron, Gary Illingworth, Billy Butler, Eric Gale, Jerry Jemmott, and Grady Tate....

1969 Atlantic
The Black Angel 1970 Atlantic
The Hub of Hubbard
The Hub of Hubbard
The Hub of Hubbard is an album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard. The album was recorded at Villingen, Black Forest, Germany on December 9, 1969...

1970 MPS
MPS Records
MPS Records was a German jazz record label founded in 1968. MPS stands for "Musik Produktion Schwarzwald" .-History:...

Red Clay
Red Clay (Freddie Hubbard album)
Red Clay is a soul/funk-influenced hard bop album recorded in 1970 by jazz trumpeter Freddie Hubbard. It was his first album released on Creed Taylor's CTI label and marked a shift away from Hubbard's long time recording affair with Blue Note Records and another shift toward the soul-jazz fusion...

1970 CTI
CTI Records
CTI Records was a jazz record label founded in 1967 by producer/A&R manager Creed Taylor. Initially, CTI was a subsidiary of A&M Records, but the label went independent in 1970...

Straight Life
Straight Life (Freddie Hubbard album)
Straight Life is a soul/funk influenced jazz album recorded in 1970 by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard. It was recorded in between the albums Red Clay and First Light .- Track listing :#"Straight Life" - 17:30#"Mr...

1970 CTI
Sing Me a Song of Songmy
Sing Me a Song of Songmy
Sing Me a Song of Songmy is an album by jazz trumpeter Freddie Hubbard and Ilhan Mimaroglu released in 1971....

1971 Atlantic
First Light
First Light (Freddie Hubbard album)
First Light is an album recorded in 1971 by jazz trumpeter Freddie Hubbard, featuring string arrangements by Don Sebesky. It was his third album released on Creed Taylor's CTI label and features performances by Hubbard, Herbie Hancock, Eric Gale, George Benson, Ron Carter, Jack DeJohnette, Airto...

1971 CTI
Sky Dive
Sky Dive (album)
Sky Dive is an album recorded in 1972 by jazz trumpeter Freddie Hubbard. It was his fourth album released on Creed Taylor's CTI label and features performances by Hubbard, Keith Jarrett, George Benson, Ron Carter, Billy Cobham, Airto Moreira and Ray Barretto.-Track listing:# "Povo" - 14:43# "In a...

1973 CTI
Freddie Hubbard/Stanley Turrentine In Concert Volume One
Freddie Hubbard/Stanley Turrentine In Concert Volume One
Freddie Hubbard/Stanley Turrentine In Concert Volume One is a live album recorded in 1973 by jazz trumpeter Freddie Hubbard and tenor saxophonist Stanley Turrentine...

1974 CTI
In Concert Volume Two
In Concert Volume Two (Freddie Hubbard & Stanley Turrentine album)
In Concert Volume Two is a live album recorded in 1973 by jazz trumpeter Freddie Hubbard pianist, Herbie Hancock and tenor saxophonist Stanley Turrentine...

1974 CTI
Keep Your Soul Together
Keep Your Soul Together
Keep Your Soul Together is an album recorded in 1973 by jazz trumpeter Freddie Hubbard. It was his fifth studio album released on Creed Taylor's CTI label and features performances by Hubbard, Junior Cook, George Cables, Aurell Ray, Kent Brinkley, Ron Carter, Ralph Penland and Juno Lewis.-Track...

1974 CTI
Polar AC
Polar AC
Polar AC is an album recorded in 1974 by jazz trumpeter Freddie Hubbard. It was his sixth and final studio album released on Creed Taylor's CTI label and features performances by Hubbard, Hubert Laws, George Benson, Junior Cook, and Ron Carter....

1975 CTI
High Energy
High Energy (Freddie Hubbard album)
High Energy is an album recorded in 1974 by jazz trumpeter Freddie Hubbard. It was first studio album released on the Columbia label and features performances by Hubbard, Joe Sample, George Cables, Junior Cook, Ernie Watts, Pete Christlieb and Ian Underwood.-Track listing:# "Camel Rise" -# "Black...

1974 Columbia
Columbia Records
Columbia Records is an American record label, owned by Japan's Sony Music Entertainment, operating under the Columbia Music Group with Aware Records. It was founded in 1888, evolving from an earlier enterprise, the American Graphophone Company — successor to the Volta Graphophone Company...

Gleam
Gleam (album)
Gleam is a live album recorded in 1975 by jazz trumpeter Freddie Hubbard. It was released as a double LP on Sony Music Japan and features a live performance recorded in Tokyo by Hubbard, Carl Randall, George Cables, Henry Franklin, Carl Burnett and Buck Clark...

1975 Sony (Japan)
Liquid Love 1975 Columbia
Windjammer
Windjammer (album)
Windjammer is an album recorded in 1976 by jazz trumpeter Freddie Hubbard. It was released on the Columbia label and features performances by Hubbard, Jon Faddis, Michael Brecker, Bob James, George Cables Steve Khan and Eric Gale...

1976 Columbia
Bundle of Joy
Bundle of Joy
Bundle of Joy is a musical remake of the comedy film Bachelor Mother . It stars Eddie Fisher, Debbie Reynolds, and Adolphe Menjou. An unmarried salesgirl at a department store finds and takes care of an abandoned baby...

1977 Columbia
Super Blue
Super Blue
Super Blue is a 1978 album by jazz musician Freddie Hubbard. It was originally released on the Columbia label and peaked at #6 on the Billboard Charts. The album features performances by Hubbard, Hubert Laws, Joe Henderson and Kenny Barron with George Benson guesting on one track...

1978 Columbia
The Love Connection
The Love Connection
The Love Connection is a 1979 album by jazz musician Freddie Hubbard. It was originally released on the Columbia label and features performances by Hubbard, Tom Scott, Buddy Collette, Chick Corea and Stanley Clarke with Al Jarreau providing vocals....

1979 Columbia
Skagly
Skagly
Skagly is a 1980 album by jazz musician Freddie Hubbard released on the Columbia label which features performances by Hubbard, Hadley Caliman, Billy Childs, Phil Ranelin on all tracks except "A Summer Knows" with Paulinho da Costa guesting on two tracks and George Duke,and Jeff "Skunk" Baxter...

1980 Columbia
Live at the North Sea Jazz Festival 1980 Pablo
Pablo Records
Pablo Records was a record label founded by Norman Granz in 1972, some ten years after he had sold his jazz labels to MGM Records....

Mistral
Mistral (album)
Mistral is a studio album by jazz musician Freddie Hubbard released on the Liberty label which features performances by Hubbard, Phil Ranelin, Art Pepper, George Cables, Peter Wolf, Roland Bautista, Stanley Clarke, Peter Erskine and Paulinho da Costa....

 with Art Pepper
Art Pepper
Art Pepper , born Arthur Edward Pepper, Jr., was an American alto saxophonist and clarinetist.About Pepper, Scott Yanow of All Music stated, "In the 1950s he was one of the few altoists that was able to develop his own sound despite the dominant influence of Charlie Parker" and: "When Art Pepper...

1981 Liberty
Liberty Records
Liberty Records was a United States-based record label. It was started by chairman Simon Waronker in 1955 with Al Bennett as president and Theodore Keep as chief engineer. It was reactivated in 2001 in the United Kingdom and had two previous revivals.-1950s:...

Outpost
Outpost (Freddie Hubbard album)
Outpost is a studio album by jazz musician Freddie Hubbard released in 1981 on the Enja label which features performances by Hubbard, Kenny Barron, Buster Williams and Al Foster.-Track listing:# "Santa Anna Winds" - 9:36...

1981 Enja
Enja Records
Enja Records is a German jazz record label based in Munich, Germany. It was founded by jazz enthusiasts Matthias Winckelmann and Horst Weber in 1971....

Splash
Splash (Freddie Hubbard album)
Splash is a studio album by jazz musician Freddie Hubbard released in 1981 on the Fantasy label which features performances by Hubbard with several R&B session musicians...

1981 Fantasy
Fantasy Records
Fantasy Records is a United States-based record label that was founded by Max and Sol Weiss in 1949 in San Francisco, California. They had previously operated a record-pressing plant called Circle Record Company before forming the Fantasy label...

Rollin'
Rollin' (Freddie Hubbard album)
Rollin' is a live album by jazz musician Freddie Hubbard recorded at the Theater Am Ring, Villingen Jazz Festival in Germany's Black Forest and released in 1982 on the MPS label. The album features performances by Hubbard with Dave Schnitter, William Childs, Larry Klein and Carl Burnett...

1982 MPS
MPS Records
MPS Records was a German jazz record label founded in 1968. MPS stands for "Musik Produktion Schwarzwald" .-History:...

Keystone Bop Vol. 2: Friday & Saturday
Keystone Bop Vol. 2: Friday & Saturday
Keystone Bop Vol. 2: Friday & Saturday is a live album by jazz musicians Freddie Hubbard, Joe Henderson & Bobby Hutcherson recorded in November 1981 and released on the Prestige label in 1996. The Allmusic review by Rick Anderson states "if you're expecting tight, hard-driving conventional bop,...

1996 Prestige
Prestige Records
Prestige Records was a jazz record label founded in 1949 by Bob Weinstock. The company was located at 203 South Washington Avenue in Bergenfield, New Jersey, and recorded hundreds of albums by many of the leading jazz musicians of the day, sometimes issuing them under the names of several...

Keystone Bop: Sunday Night
Keystone Bop: Sunday Night
Keystone Bop: Sunday Night is a live album by jazz musicians Freddie Hubbard, Joe Henderson & Bobby Hutcherson recorded in November 1981 and released on the Prestige label in 1982...

1982 Prestige
Born to Be Blue 1982 Pablo
Pablo Records
Pablo Records was a record label founded by Norman Granz in 1972, some ten years after he had sold his jazz labels to MGM Records....

Ride Like the Wind
Ride Like the Wind (album)
Ride Like the Wind is an album by jazz musician Freddie Hubbard recorded direct to two-track digital and released on the Elektra label.-Track listing:# "Hubbard's Cupboard" - 4:54# "This Is It" - 4:35...

1982 Elektra
Elektra Records
Elektra Records is an American record label owned by Warner Music Group. In 2004, it was consolidated into WMG's Atlantic Records Group. After five years of dormancy, the label was revived by Atlantic in 2009....

/Asylum
Asylum Records
Asylum Records is an American record label founded in 1971 by David Geffen, and partner Elliot Roberts, who had previously worked as agents at the William Morris Agency. Founded specifically to provide a record contract for Jackson Browne, the label signed Tom Waits, Linda Ronstadt, Joni Mitchell...

Above & Beyond
Above & Beyond (album)
Above & Beyond is a live album by jazz musician Freddie Hubbard recorded on June 17, 1982, at San Francisco's Keystone Korner and released on the Metropolitan label in 1999...

1982 Metropolitan
Back to Birdland
Back to Birdland
Back to Birdland is an album by jazz musician Freddie Hubbard recorded in August 1982 and released on the Real Time label. The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow calls the album "Hubbard's first worthwhile studio recording since the mid-'70s".- Track listing :# "Shaw 'Nuff" - 5:19# "Star Eyes" Back...

1982 Real Time
Sweet Return
Sweet Return
Sweet Return is an album by jazz musician Freddie Hubbard recorded in June 1983 and released on the Atlantic Records label. The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow calls the album "One of Freddie Hubbard's best albums since the early '70's".-Track listing:...

1983 Atlantic
The Rose Tattoo
The Rose Tattoo (Freddie Hubbard album)
The Rose Tattoo is an album by jazz musician Freddie Hubbard recorded in December 1983 and released on the Japanese Baystate label. The Allmusic review by Jason Ankeny calls the album "one of Freddie Hubbard's most obscure sessions, but admirers of the trumpeter's early-'80s return to his musical...

1983 Baystate (Japan)
Double Take with Woody Shaw
Woody Shaw
Woody Shaw was an American jazz trumpeter, flugelhornist, cornetist, composer and band leader, often referred to as the "last innovator" in the jazz trumpet lineage...

1985 Blue Note
Life Flight
Life Flight (album)
Life Fight is an album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard recorded in January 1987 and released on the Blue Note label. It features performances by Hubbard, Larry Willis, Stanley Turrentine, George Benson, and Ralph Moore. The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow states "This CD captures the great trumpeter...

1987 Blue Note
The Eternal Triangle
The Eternal Triangle
The Eternal Triangle is an album by trumpeters Freddie Hubbard and Woody Shaw recorded in June 1987 and released on the Blue Note label. It features performances by Hubbard, Ray Drummond, Carl Allen, Mulgrew Miller and Kenny Garrett...

 with Woody Shaw
Woody Shaw
Woody Shaw was an American jazz trumpeter, flugelhornist, cornetist, composer and band leader, often referred to as the "last innovator" in the jazz trumpet lineage...

1987 Blue Note
Feel the Wind
Feel the Wind
Feel the Wind is an album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard and drummer Art Blakey recorded in November 1988 and released on the Timeless label...

 with Art Blakey
Art Blakey
Arthur "Art" Blakey , known later as Abdullah Ibn Buhaina, was an American Grammy Award-winning jazz drummer and bandleader. He was a member of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community....

1988 Timeless
Timeless Records
Timeless Records is a jazz record label from The Netherlands.Timeless was founded in Wageningen in 1975 by Wim Wigt. It has specialized in bebop, though it also did a subseries of important releases of Dixieland and swing recordings. As of ca...

Times are Changing
Times Are Changing
Times Are Changing is an album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard released on the Blue Note Records label. It features performances by Hubbard, Michael Shrieve, Munyango Jackson, Todd Cochran, with guest appearances by Stanley Clarke, Stix Hooper and Phil Perry.-Track listing:# "Spanish Rose" - 6:27#...

1989 Blue Note
Topsy - Standard Book
Topsy - Standard Book
Topsy – Standard Book is an album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard recorded in December 1989 and released on the Japanese Alpha/Compose label. It features performances by Hubbard, Benny Green, Carl Allen, Rufus Reid and Kenny Garrett. The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow states "the music is often more...

1989 Alpha/Compose
Bolivia
Bolivia (album)
Bolivia is an album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard recorded in December 1990 and January 1991 and released on the Music Master label. It features performances by Hubbard, Ralph Moore, Vincent Herring, Cedar Walton, David Williams, and Billy Higgins...

1991 Music Masters
At Jazz Jamboree Warszawa '91: A Tribute to Miles
At Jazz Jamboree Warszawa '91: A Tribute to Miles
At Jazz Jamboree Warszawa '91: A Tribute to Miles is a live album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard recorded in October 1991 and released on the Starburst label in 2000. It features performances by Hubbard, Ronnie Mathews, Don Braden, Jeff Chambers, and Ralph Penland...

2000 Starburst
Live at Fat Tuesday's
Live at Fat Tuesday's
Live at Fat Tuesday's is a live album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard recorded in December 1991 and released on the Music Master label. It features performances by Hubbard, Javon Jackson, Benny Green, Christian McBride and Tony Reedus...

1992 Music Masters
Blues for Miles
Blues for Miles
Blues for Miles is an album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard recorded in April 1992 and released on the Evidence label. It features performances by Hubbard, Billy Childs, Tony Dumas, and Ralph Penland...

1992 Evidence
MMTC: Monk, Miles, Trane & Cannon
MMTC: Monk, Miles, Trane & Cannon
MMTC: Monk, Miles, Trane & Cannon is an album by trumpeter Freddie Hubbard recorded in August 1994 and January 1995 and released on the Music Master label. It features performances by Hubbard, Javon Jackson, Vincent Herring, Gary Smulyan, Stephen Scott , Peter Washington and Carl Allen...

1995 Music Masters
New Colors
New Colors
New Colors is an album by jazz musician Freddie Hubbard recorded in 2000 and released on the Hip Bop Essence label in 2001.-Track listing:# "One of Another Kind" - 8:00# "Blue Spirits" - 9:03# "Blues for Miles" - 6:31# "Dizzy's Connotations" - 8:43...

2001 Hip Hop Essence
On The Real Side (70th Birthday Celebration)
On The Real Side (70th Birthday Celebration)
On the Real Side is an album by jazz musician Freddie Hubbard recorded in 2007 to celebrate his 70th birthday in 2008 and released on the Times Square label in the same year as his milestone birthday and his subsequent death in the fall.-Track listing:...

2008 Times Square Records

As sideman


With Art Blakey
Art Blakey
Arthur "Art" Blakey , known later as Abdullah Ibn Buhaina, was an American Grammy Award-winning jazz drummer and bandleader. He was a member of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community....

  • Mosaic
    Mosaic (Art Blakey album)
    Mosaic is a 1961 jazz album released by Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers for Blue Note Records.This is the first release by one of the most critically acclaimed Jazz Messengers lineups: Wayne Shorter , Freddie Hubbard , Curtis Fuller , Cedar Walton , Jymie Merritt , and Art Blakey...

     (1961)
  • Buhaina's Delight
    Buhaina's Delight
    Buhaina's Delight is a jazz album released by Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers in 1963. Produced by Alfred Lion, the album was recorded in two sessions on November 28, 1961 and December 18, 1961 at the Rudy Van Gelder Studio in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey...

     (1961)
  • A Jazz Hour with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers: Blues March
    A Jazz Hour with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers: Blues March
    A Jazz Hour with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers: Blues March is a 1961 LP release by Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers for Movieplay records.It is a rare session for the small Movieplay imprint featuring Jazz Messengers staple "Along Came Betty" along with two Shorter tunes, among them a less...

     (1961)
  • Three Blind Mice
    Three Blind Mice (album)
    Three Blind Mice is a 1962 jazz album released by Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers for Blue Note Records. It features live material recorded in 1961....

     (1962)
  • Caravan
    Caravan (Art Blakey album)
    Caravan is a jazz album released by Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers in February 1963. It was Blakey's first album for Riverside Records after he signed with them in October 1962....

     (1962)
  • Ugetsu
    Ugetsu (album)
    Ugetsu: Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers at Birdland is a live jazz album released by Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers in October 1963 on Riverside Records....

     (1963)
  • Free For All
    Free For All (album)
    Free For All is a 1964 jazz album released by Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers for Blue Note records.The Allmusic review by Al Campbell awards the album 4 stars and states " This edition of the Jazz Messengers had been together since 1961 with a lineup that would be hard to beat: Freddie Hubbard on...

     (1964)
  • Kyoto (1964)

With John Coltrane
John Coltrane
John William Coltrane was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. Working in the bebop and hard bop idioms early in his career, Coltrane helped pioneer the use of modes in jazz and later was at the forefront of free jazz...

  • Stardust
    Stardust (John Coltrane album)
    Stardust is an album credited to jazz musician John Coltrane, released in 1963 on Prestige Records, catalogue 7268. It is assembled from unissued results of two separate recording sessions at the studio of Rudy Van Gelder in Hackensack, New Jersey in 1958...

     (1958)
  • Olé Coltrane
    Olé Coltrane
    Olé Coltrane is the ninth album by jazz musician John Coltrane, released in 1962 on Atlantic Records, catalogue SD 1373. His last album for Atlantic made under his supervision, unlike Coltrane's previous sessions done at their own studio, this was recorded at A&R Studios in New York.-Background:Two...

     (1961)
  • Africa/Brass
    Africa/Brass
    -Personnel:* John Coltrane — soprano and tenor saxophone* Booker Little — trumpet* Freddie Hubbard — trumpet on May 23 session only* Britt Woodman — trombone on June 4 session only* Charles Greenlee — euphonium on May 23 session only...

     (1961)
  • Ascension (1965)

With Eric Dolphy
Eric Dolphy
Eric Allan Dolphy was an American jazz alto saxophonist, flutist, and bass clarinetist. On a few occasions he also played the clarinet and baritone saxophone. Dolphy was one of several multi-instrumentalists to gain prominence in the 1960s...

  • Outward Bound
    Outward Bound (album)
    Outward Bound is a jazz album by Eric Dolphy, released in 1960. It was his first album as leader, and is considerably less adventurous and more standardly beboppish than his later recordings, though there are unorthodox elements that point to what was to come...

     (1960)
  • Out to Lunch! (1964)

With Curtis Fuller
Curtis Fuller
Curtis DuBois Fuller is an American jazz trombonist, known as a member of Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers and contributor to many classic jazz recordings.-Biography:...

  • Soul Trombone
    Soul Trombone
    Soul Trombone is an album by American jazz trombonist Curtis Fuller featuring performances recorded in 1961 for the Impulse! label.-Reception:...

     (Impulse!, 1961)
  • Cabin in the Sky
    Cabin in the Sky (album)
    Cabin in the Sky is a 1962 album by jazz trombonist Curtis Fuller, on which he plays song from the musical Cabin in the Sky.Manny Albam arranged and conducted the accompanying orchestra.-Tracklisting:#"The Prayer" #"Taking a Chance on Love"...

     (Impulse!, 1962)

With Dexter Gordon
Dexter Gordon
Dexter Gordon was an American jazz tenor saxophonist and an Academy Award-nominated actor . He is regarded as one of the first and most important musicians to adapt the bebop musical language of people like Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, and Bud Powell to the tenor saxophone...

  • Doin' Allright
    Doin' Allright
    Doin' Allright is an album by American jazz saxophonist Dexter Gordon recorded in 1961 and released on the Blue Note label.-Reception:The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow awarded the album 4 stars and stating "The title of this Blue Note set, Doin' Allright, fit perfectly at the time, for tenor...

     (1961)
  • Clubhouse
    Clubhouse (album)
    Clubhouse is an album by American jazz saxophonist Dexter Gordon recorded in 1965 but not released on the Blue Note label until 1979.-Reception:...

     (1964)
  • The Other Side of Round Midnight
    The Other Side of Round Midnight
    The Other Side of Round Midnight is an album by American jazz saxophonist Dexter Gordon recorded in 1985 and released on the Blue Note label. The album was recorded during the making of for Bertrand Tavernier's 1986 film Round Midnight which also produced the Academy Award-winning soundtrack album...

     (1986)

With Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Herbert Jeffrey "Herbie" Hancock is an American pianist, bandleader and composer. As part of Miles Davis's "second great quintet," Hancock helped to redefine the role of a jazz rhythm section and was one of the primary architects of the "post-bop" sound...

  • Takin' Off
    Takin' Off
    Takin' Off is the debut album of jazz pianist Herbie Hancock originally released in 1962 for the Blue Note label as BST 84109. The recording session included Freddie Hubbard on trumpet and veteran Dexter Gordon on tenor saxophone. The album was a typical hard bop LP, with its characteristic two...

      (1962)
  • Empyrean Isles
    Empyrean Isles
    Empyrean Isles is the fourth album by American jazz pianist Herbie Hancock, recorded on June 17, 1964 for Blue Note Records. It features the debut of two of his most popular compositions, "One Finger Snap" and "Cantaloupe Island"....

     (1964)
  • Maiden Voyage (1965)
  • Blow-Up (Soundtrack)
    Blow-Up (Soundtrack)
    Blow-Up is a soundtrack album by Herbie Hancock featuring music composed for Michelangelo Antonioni's film Blow-Up released in 1966 on MGM Records. The album features performances by Hancock, Freddie Hubbard, Joe Newman, Phil Woods, Joe Henderson, Jim Hall, Ron Carter, and Jack DeJohnette...

     (1966)
  • VSOP
    VSOP (album)
    V.S.O.P. is a 1976 jazz-funk fusion live album by keyboard player Herbie Hancock featuring performances by the V.S.O.P. Quintet , the Mwandishi band with Eddie Henderson on two tracks, and The Headhunters featuring Bennie Maupin and Paul Jackson.Although this album was half-fusion, half-acoustic,...

     (1977)
  • VSOP: The Quintet
    VSOP: The Quintet
    V. S. O. P. The Quintet was recorded from two live performances, one at the Greek Theatre, University of California, Berkeley, on July 16, 1977, the other at the San Diego Civic Theatre, July 18, 1977...

     (1977)
  • VSOP: Tempest in the Colosseum (1977)
  • VSOP: Live Under the Sky
    VSOP: Live Under the Sky
    Live Under the Sky is the twenty-eighth album by Herbie Hancock. It was performed live in Japan over two days. The first day, which took place during a furious rainstorm, was broadcast live on national television. The original release featured the first day, while the 2004 re-master/re-release...

     (1979)
  • Round Midnight (Soundtrack)
    Round Midnight (Soundtrack)
    Round Midnight is a soundtrack album by Herbie Hancock featuring music recorded for Bertrand Tavernier's film Round Midnight released in 1986 on Columbia Records...

     (1986)

With Andrew Hill
Andrew Hill
Andrew Hill was an American jazz pianist and composer.Hill is recognized as one of the most important innovators of jazz piano in the 1960s...

  • Pax
    Pax (album)
    Pax is an album by American jazz pianist Andrew Hill featuring performances recorded in 1965 but not released on the Blue Note label until 1975 as part of a compilation album One for One...

     (1965)
  • Compulsion!!!!!
    Compulsion (album)
    Compulsion!!!!! is a jazz album by pianist Andrew Hill. It was originally released in 1966 under the Blue Note Label as BST 84217. It was remastered by Rudy Van Gelder in 2006.- Background and album concept :...

     (1965)

With Joe Henderson
Joe Henderson
Joe Henderson was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. In a career spanning more than forty years Henderson played with many of the leading American players of his day and recorded for several prominent labels, including Blue Note.-Early life:From a very large family with five sisters and nine...

  • Big Band
    Big Band (album)
    Big Band is a 1997 album by jazz saxophonist Joe Henderson, the fourth of the five albums he recorded with Verve Records during the end of his career.-Track listing:#"Without a Song" – 5:24#"Isotope" – 5:20#"Inner Urge" – 9:01#"Black Narcissus" – 6:53...

     (1996)

With Bobby Hutcherson
Bobby Hutcherson
Bobby Hutcherson is a jazz vibraphone and marimba player. His vibraphone playing is suggestive of the style of Milt Jackson in its free-flowing melodicism, but his sense of harmony and group interaction is thoroughly modern...

  • Dialogue (Blue Note, 1965)
  • Highway One
    Highway One
    Highway One is an album by American jazz vibraphonist Bobby Hutcherson recorded in 1978 and released on the Columbia label. The album was Hutcherson's first for Columbia after a long association with Blue Note Records.-Reception:...

     (Columbia, 1978)

With Wes Montgomery
Wes Montgomery
John Leslie "Wes" Montgomery was an American jazz guitarist. He is widely considered one of the major jazz guitarists, emerging after such seminal figures as Django Reinhardt and Charlie Christian and influencing countless others, including Pat Martino, George Benson, Russell Malone, Emily...

  • Fingerpickin (1958)
  • Road Song (1968)

With Duke Pearson
Duke Pearson
Duke Pearson was an American jazz pianist and composer. Allmusic notes him as being a "big part in shaping the Blue Note label's hard bop direction in the 1960s as a producer."-History:...

  • Dedication!
    Dedication!
    Dedication! is the fourth album by American pianist and arranger Duke Pearson featuring performances originally recorded in 1961 for the Jazzline label but not released until 1970 on the Prestige label.-Reception:...

     (1961)
  • Sweet Honey Bee
    Sweet Honey Bee
    Sweet Honey Bee is an album by the American jazz pianist and composer Duke Pearson, that was released on the Blue Note label in 1967.-Reception:...

     (1966)
  • The Right Touch
    The Right Touch
    The Right Touch is the tenth album by American pianist and arranger Duke Pearson featuring performances recorded in 1967 and released on the Blue Note label.-Reception:...

     (1967)

With McCoy Tyner
McCoy Tyner
McCoy Tyner is a jazz pianist from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, known for his work with the John Coltrane Quartet and a long solo career.-Early life:...

  • Together
    Together (McCoy Tyner album)
    Together is a 1978 album by jazz pianist McCoy Tyner released on the Milestone label. It was recorded in August and September 1978 and features performances by Tyner with Freddie Hubbard, Hubert Laws, Bennie Maupin, Bobby Hutcherson, Stanley Clarke, Jack DeJohnette and Bill Summers...

     (1978)
  • Quartets 4 X 4
    Quartets 4 X 4
    Quartets 4 X 4 is a 1980 album by jazz pianist McCoy Tyner released on the Milestone label. It was recorded in March and May 1980 and features quartet performances by Tyner with Cecil McBee and Al Foster accompanied by Arthur Blythe, Bobby Hutcherson, Freddie Hubbard or John Abercrombie...

     (1980)

With Others
  • Ornette Coleman
    Ornette Coleman
    Ornette Coleman is an American saxophonist, violinist, trumpeter and composer. He was one of the major innovators of the free jazz movement of the 1960s....

     - Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation
    Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation
    Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation is the sixth album by jazz saxophonist and composer Ornette Coleman, recorded in 1960. Its title established the name of the then-nascent free jazz movement...

     (1960)
  • Tina Brooks
    Tina Brooks
    Harold Floyd "Tina" Brooks was an American hard bop tenor saxophonist and composer.-Early years:Harold Floyd Brooks was born in Fayetteville, North Carolina, and was the brother of David "Bubba" Brooks. The nickname "Tina", pronounced Teena, was a slight variation of "Teeny", a childhood moniker....

     - True Blue
    True Blue (Tina Brooks Album)
    True Blue is an album by hard-bop tenor Tina Brooks recorded on June 25, 1960, and released on the Blue Note label. This was Brooks only date as leader to be released during his lifetime...

     (1960)
  • Kenny Drew
    Kenny Drew
    Kenneth Sidney "Kenny" Drew was an American jazz pianist.-Biography:Born in New York City, New York, he first recorded with Howard McGhee in 1949, and over the next two years recorded with Buddy DeFranco, Coleman Hawkins, Milt Jackson, Charlie Parker, Buddy Rich, and Dinah Washington...

     - Undercurrent
    Undercurrent (Kenny Drew album)
    Undercurrent is an album by American pianist Kenny Drew recorded in 1960 and released on the Blue Note label.-Reception:The Allmusic review by Michael G...

     (1960)
  • Jackie McLean
    Jackie McLean
    John Lenwood McLean was an American jazz alto saxophonist, composer, bandleader and educator, born in New York City.-Biography:McLean's father, John Sr., played guitar in Tiny Bradshaw's orchestra...

     - Bluesnik
    Bluesnik
    Bluesnik is an album by American saxophonist Jackie McLean recorded in 1961 and released on the Blue Note label.-Reception:The Allmusic review by Thom Jurek awarded the album 4½ stars and stated "Many critics-as well as jazz fans hold to the opinion that Bluesnik may be McLean's most accessible...

     (1961)
  • Oliver Nelson
    Oliver Nelson
    Oliver Edward Nelson was an American jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, arranger and composer.-Early life and career:...

     - The Blues and the Abstract Truth
    The Blues and the Abstract Truth
    The Blues and the Abstract Truth is a jazz album by Oliver Nelson recorded in February 1961. It remains Nelson's most acclaimed album. It features a lineup of notable musicians: Freddie Hubbard, Eric Dolphy , Bill Evans , Paul Chambers and Roy Haynes...

     (1961)
  • Bill Evans
    Bill Evans
    William John Evans, known as Bill Evans was an American jazz pianist. His use of impressionist harmony, inventive interpretation of traditional jazz repertoire, and trademark rhythmically independent, "singing" melodic lines influenced a generation of pianists including: Chick Corea, Herbie...

     - Interplay
    Interplay (Bill Evans album)
    Interplay is a 1962 album by jazz musician Bill Evans. It was recorded on July and August 1962 in NYC for Riverside Records. The Interplay Sessions is a 1982 album that includes this album as well as some sessions recorded on August 21-22 of the same year for Milestone Records Interplay is a 1962...

     (1962)
  • Wayne Shorter
    Wayne Shorter
    Wayne Shorter is an American jazz saxophonist and composer.He is generally acknowledged to be jazz's greatest living composer, and many of his compositions have become standards...

     - Speak No Evil
    Speak No Evil
    Speak No Evil was one of several albums Shorter recorded for Blue Note in 1964. At the same time, he was also active in Miles Davis's band, and so it is unlikely that Speak No Evil received any special attention at the time of its release. But the passage of time has led to the album being...

     (1964)
  • Sam Rivers
    Sam Rivers
    Samuel Carthorne Rivers , is an American jazz musician and composer. He performs on soprano and tenor saxophones, bass clarinet, flute, harmonica and piano....

     - Contours
    Contours (album)
    Contours is the second album by American saxophonist Sam Rivers recorded in 1965 and released on the Blue Note label. The CD reissue contains an alternate take as a bonus track.-Reception:...

     (1965)
  • Sonny Rollins
    Sonny Rollins
    Theodore Walter "Sonny" Rollins is a Grammy-winning American jazz tenor saxophonist. Rollins is widely recognized as one of the most important and influential jazz musicians. A number of his compositions, including "St...

     - East Broadway Run Down
    East Broadway Run Down
    East Broadway Run Down is a 1966 album by jazz saxophonist Sonny Rollins, his last album before industry pressures led him to take a six year hiatus. The album represents one of his more notable experiments with free jazz, according to The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz illustrating "the furthest...

     (1966)
  • George Benson
    George Benson
    George Benson is a ten Grammy Award winning American musician, whose production career began at the age of twenty-one as a jazz guitarist....

     - The Other Side of Abbey Road (1969)
  • Quincy Jones
    Quincy Jones
    Quincy Delightt Jones, Jr. is an American record producer and musician. A conductor, musical arranger, film composer, television producer, and trumpeter. His career spans five decades in the entertainment industry and a record 79 Grammy Award nominations, 27 Grammys, including a Grammy Legend...

     - Walking in Space (1969)
  • Leon Thomas
    Leon Thomas
    Amos Leon Thomas Jr was an American avant garde jazz singer from East St. Louis, Illinois.Thomas studied music at Tennessee State University. In the 1960s he was a vocalist for Count Basie and others....

     - A Piece of Cake (Palcoscenico Records
    Palcoscenico Records
    -Discography:*15001: Gaetano Liguori - Terzo Mondo*15002: George Adams & Don Pullen- All That Funk *15003: George Adams & Don Pullen - More Funk...

    )
  • Stanley Turrentine
    Stanley Turrentine
    Stanley William Turrentine, also known as "Mr. T" or "The Sugar Man", was an American jazz tenor saxophonist.-Biography:Turrentine was born in Pittsburgh's Hill District into a musical family...

     - Sugar
    Sugar (Stanley Turrentine album)
    Sugar is an album by jazz saxophonist Stanley Turrentine, his first recorded for the CTI Records label following his long association with Blue Note, featuring performances by Turrentine with Freddie Hubbard, George Benson, Ron Carter, and Billy Kaye with Lonnie Liston Smith added on the title...

     (1970)
  • Kenny Burrell
    Kenny Burrell
    Kenneth Earl "Kenny" Burrell is an American jazz guitarist. His playing is grounded in bebop and blues; he has performed and recorded with a wide range of jazz musicians.-Biography:...

     - God Bless the Child (1971)
  • Randy Weston
    Randy Weston
    Randy Weston , is an American jazz pianist and composer, of Jamaican parentage.-Biography:Weston studied classical piano as a child. After serving in the U.S. Army during World War II, he ran a restaurant that was frequented by many of the leading bebop musicians...

     - Blue Moses (1972)
  • Milt Jackson
    Milt Jackson
    Milton "Bags" Jackson was an American jazz vibraphonist, usually thought of as a bebop player, although he performed in several jazz idioms...

     - Sunflower (1973)
  • Charles Earland
    Charles Earland
    Charles Earland was an American jazz composer, organist, and saxophonist in the soul jazz idiom.-Biography:...

     - Leaving This Planet (1973)
  • Don Sebesky
    Don Sebesky
    Don Sebesky is an American jazz trombonist and arranger.-Biography:Sebesky trained in trombone at the Manhattan School of Music; in his early career, he played with Kai Winding, Claude Thornhill, Tommy Dorsey, Warren Covington, Maynard Ferguson and Stan Kenton...

     - Giant Box (1973)
  • Billy Joel
    Billy Joel
    William Martin "Billy" Joel is an American musician and pianist, singer-songwriter, and classical composer. Since releasing his first hit song, "Piano Man", in 1973, Joel has become the sixth best-selling recording artist and the third best-selling solo artist in the United States, according to...

     - 52nd Street
    52nd Street (album)
    52nd Street is the sixth studio album by Billy Joel, released in 1978. It was also the first of many Joel albums to top the Billboard charts, along with his third and fourth Grammy win....

     (1978)
  • Rufus
    Rufus (band)
    Rufus was an American funk band from Chicago, Illinois best known for launching the career of lead singer Chaka Khan. They had several hits throughout their career, including "Tell Me Something Good," "Sweet Thing," and "Ain't Nobody."-Origins:...

     - Numbers
    Numbers (Rufus album)
    Numbers is the seventh studio album by funk band Rufus, released on the ABC Records label in 1978. It was the band's first album without Chaka Khan on lead vocals...

     (1979)
  • George Cables
    George Cables
    George Andrew Cables is a jazz pianist, born November 14, 1944 in New York City.He has played with Art Blakey, Sonny Rollins, Dexter Gordon, Art Pepper, and others.His own recordings include the 1980 Cables Vision with Freddie Hubbard among others....

     - Cables' Vision
    Cables' Vision
    Cables' Vision is a studio album by jazz pianist George Cables, released in 1980 on Contemporary Records. It features legendary trumpeter Freddie Hubbard, among others.-Track listing:All compositions by George Cables, unless otherwise noted....

     (1979)
  • Alphonse Mouzon
    Alphonse Mouzon
    Alphonse Mouzon is a well-known jazz-fusion drummer and percussionist, and the Chairman/CEO of Tenacious Records. He also composes, arranges and produces, as well as acts...

     - By All Means (1980)
  • Oscar Peterson
    Oscar Peterson
    Oscar Emmanuel Peterson was a Canadian jazz pianist and composer. He was called the "Maharaja of the keyboard" by Duke Ellington, "O.P." by his friends. He released over 200 recordings, won seven Grammy Awards, and received other numerous awards and honours over the course of his career...

     – Face to Face
    Face to Face (Oscar Peterson and Freddie Hubbard album)
    Face to Face is a 1982 album by Oscar Peterson, accompanied by Freddie Hubbard.-Track listing:# "All Blues" – 13:55# "Thermo" – 8:21# "Weaver of Dreams" – 8:30...

     (1982)
  • Roberto Ávila & Sarava - Come to Brazil (1989)
  • Kirk Lightsey
    Kirk Lightsey
    Kirkland "Kirk" Lightsey is an American jazz pianist.Lightsey had piano instruction from age five and studied piano and clarinet through high school. After service in the Army, Lightsey worked in Detroit and California in the 1960s as an accompanist to singers...

     Trio - Temptation (1991)
  • Poncho Sanchez
    Poncho Sanchez
    Poncho Sanchez , a Mexican-American, is a conguero , Latin jazz band leader, and salsa singer. In 2000, Sanchez and his ensemble won the Grammy Award for Best Latin Jazz Album for their work on the Concord Picante album Latin Soul...

     - Cambios (1991)

Filmography

  • 1981 Studiolive (Sony)
  • 2004 Live at the Village Vanguard (Immortal)
  • 2005 All Blues (FS World Jazz)
  • 2009 Freddie Hubbard: One of a Kind

External links