The Festhalle Frankfurt
Frankfurt am Main , commonly known simply as Frankfurt, is the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany, with a 2010 population of 688,249. The urban area had an estimated population of 2,300,000 in 2010...
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...
in Frankfurt is a representative Built in 1907 and 1908 multi-purpose hall at the Frankfurt Exhibition Centre. The interior of about 40 metres high dome provides an area of 5646 square metres up to 4880 seats. Together with the two tiers up to 9843 people will in the banquet hall space, unseated at the interior than 13,500.
Opening in 1909
At the end of the 19th century the Frankfurt fair was held in various facilities. Frequently it was housed in the Hippodrome in the Sachsenhausen, while at other times it was held in single-use pavilions. After a time many felt the city needed a dedicated exhibition hall. A competition was advertised, and the plans of the Marburg architect Friedrich von Thiersch made the short list of finalists. After several amendments, von Theirsch's concept was widely accepted. Construction began on 11 June 1907. On 19 May 1909 it was officially opened by Kaiser Wilhelm II. At the time of its opening, the Festhalle was the largest dome in Europe.
The German Gymnastics Festival and the International Air Show, were the first events in the new building. In 1914, then broke out of the First World War, was the banquet hall turned into a camp for soldiers. After the war the hall was used again for its original purpose.
9 November 1938
On the night of 8 to 9 November 1938, during the November pogroms hundreds of Frankfurt's Jewish citizens were driven across the city centre in the Festhalle and some seriously ill-treated. The noted Frankfurt Opera singer Hans Erl
Hans Tobias Erl was a German operatic bass.-Professional career:He began his actual career in the theatre during the 1908-1909 season at the Raimund-Theater in Vienna, after already having sung in the world premiere performance of Oscar Straus' operetta Die lustigen Nibelungen at the Wiener...
was forced to sing "In Diesen Heilgen Hallen." From here, the first mass transports went into the concentration camps. The Festhalle is thus of considerable importance for the Holocaust. Since 1991, a plaque points in the rotunda of the Festhalle in it. The Frankfurt physician and survivor of Dr. Max Kirschner describes the deportation in his memoirs.
During the Second World War the hall was used for the storage of uniforms of the armed forces. On 18 December 1940, inflamed the textiles and the Festhalle has been through the resultant severe fire severely damaged. Whether it is how the Nazis claimed to act of arson, is still unclear. A bomb attack damaged the Frankfurt Festhalle a second time after the Second World War they should be demolished for the most part, but the citizens of Frankfurt and Mayor Walter Kolb could prevent this. It was initially prepared makeshift again.
The Postwar Period
Only in the 1980s, extensive modernizations such as the installation of air conditioning have been made.
The Festhalle Today
Today, the hall is again a popular venue for concerts by prominent artists. Even fairs are held back in it. During the International Automobile Exhibition occupied traditionally Daimler AG, the Festhalle. In the first half of the 1990s was held in the banquet hall, the ATP World Championship in tennis of lords.
It is currently being extensively renovated. In the bars on the window sills, windows and ventilation shafts will be re-fitted with the originally existing gold leaf. Even after the war is not reconstructed cupolas of the towers should be rebuilt. In addition, the coating of white will be changed to a bright ocher.
On 28 June 2009 celebrated the Festhalle in Frankfurt on the occasion of their 100th anniversary, one open day, visitors to look at the guides in the dressing room and on the stage, and Starting up with a pair of scissors Steiger as the dome ceiling allowed.
It is used primarily for indoor sports and music concerts. Frankfurts' Festhalle has a capacity of 15,179 people, and is one of the largest Festhalle in Germany. On October 9th, 2004, the World Wrestling Entertainment
World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. is an American publicly traded, privately controlled entertainment company dealing primarily in professional wrestling, with major revenue sources also coming from film, music, product licensing, and direct product sales...
(WWE) hosted a live event in the Festhalle as a part of the "Live & Loaded" Tour. WWE was scheduled to come back to this German show venue on December 6, 2007 with a house show
A house show is a professional wrestling show run by a major promotion that is not televised, though they can be recorded. Promotions use house shows mainly to cash in on the exposure that they and their wrestlers receive during televised events, as well as test reactions to matches, wrestlers, and...
from their SmackDown!
brand. Canadian rock trio Rush
Rush is a Canadian rock band formed in August 1968, in the Willowdale neighbourhood of Toronto, Ontario. The band is composed of bassist, keyboardist, and lead vocalist Geddy Lee, guitarist Alex Lifeson, and drummer and lyricist Neil Peart...
recorded their R30: 30th Anniversary World Tour
DVD here on September 24, 2004. In November 2008, British
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...
Hard rock is a loosely defined genre of rock music which has its earliest roots in mid-1960s garage rock, blues rock and psychedelic rock...
band Deep Purple
Deep Purple are an English rock band formed in Hertford in 1968. Along with Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath, they are considered to be among the pioneers of heavy metal and modern hard rock, although some band members believe that their music cannot be categorised as belonging to any one genre...
played a one-off show in the Festhalle, Frankfurt during the band's 40 Year Anniversary Tour
Deep Purple 40 Years Anniversary Tour was considered to be a concert tour of the British hard rock band Deep Purple in order to celebrate their 40 years' activiy in rock music...
. The MTV Europe Music Awards
The MTV Europe Music Awards were established in 1994 by MTV Networks Europe to celebrate the most popular music videos in Europe. Originally beginning as an alternative to the American MTV Video Music Awards, the MTV Europe Music Awards is today a popular celebration of what MTV viewers consider...
was held in the Festhalle, Frankfurt, in 2001. Depeche Mode
Depeche Mode are an English electronic music band formed in 1980 in Basildon, Essex. The group's original line-up consisted of Dave Gahan , Martin Gore , Andy Fletcher and Vince Clarke...
, filmed part of their show at the sports arena on July 27, 1993, for the live home video, Devotional
Devotional - A Performance Filmed by Anton Corbijn is a video release by Depeche Mode, featuring almost an entire concert from their 1993-1994 Devotional Tour, filmed in Barcelona, Spain , Liévin, France and Frankfurt, Germany...
The Festhalle is one of the most important buildings of the late historicism. The architect Friedrich von Thiersch is consistent in his plans to create the splendor of the neo-baroque style, is a worthy representative of the fair city building. The floor plan consisted of the large hall and an exhibition area as the east wing for concerts and similar events. The hall should be 100 metres long and 60 metres wide. In the middle of the rectangle is then covered the somewhat broader rotunda, which was to be crowned by a cupola. This dome forms a contrast with the majestic architecture of the lower part. They should remain different from that time still customary in similar buildings, completely undisguised. It consists only of steel and glass and is similar to that of the materials of construction of the platform halls of Frankfurt's main station, which is about a mile further south is. The Stahlverstrebungen, were used in the glass surfaces are connected by a pressure ring, the load evenly distributed.
The proposed east wing was realised from a lack of money. The design of the architect saw this before two concert halls, several lounges and a banquet hall. Furthermore, an approximately 60 m high Campanile was planned.
The Festival Hall was the model for many subsequent halls of this type is particularly the dome was often imitated. The most famous example is the Centennial Hall in Wroclaw by Max Berg.
Festhalle in Germany
Festhalle is a term used to describe a German arena or community center. The root meaning of the name "Fest-halle" literally means Feast-Hall, but is best translated as Festival Hall or Civic Center...
is a term used to describe a German arena
An arena is an enclosed area, often circular or oval-shaped, designed to showcase theater, musical performances, or sporting events. It is composed of a large open space surrounded on most or all sides by tiered seating for spectators. The key feature of an arena is that the event space is the...
or community center, literally meaning Feast-Hall
, but is best translated as Festival Hall
or Civic Center
. Festhalles can be found in many towns and cities in Germany, and range in size and use from small neighborhood activity centers, to large capacity stadiums able to seat thousands of spectators.