European Research Area

European Research Area

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The European Research Area (ERA) is a system of scientific research programmes integrating the scientific resources of the European Union
European Union
The European Union is an economic and political union of 27 independent member states which are located primarily in Europe. The EU traces its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Economic Community , formed by six countries in 1958...

 (EU). Since its inception in 2000, the structure has been concentrated on multi-national co-operation in the fields of medical, environmental, industrial and socio-economic research. The ERA can be likened to a research and innovation equivalent of the European "common market" for goods and services. Its purpose is to increase the competitiveness of European research institutions by bringing them together and encouraging a more inclusive way of work, similar to what already exists among institutions in North America and Japan. Increased mobility of knowledge worker
Knowledge worker
Knowledge workers in today's workforce are individuals who are valued for their ability to act and communicate with knowledge within a specific subject area. They will often advance the overall understanding of that subject through focused analysis, design and/or development. They use research...

s and deepened multilateral co-operation among research institutions among the Member States are central goals of the ERA.

Section 1 in article 179 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union states the following:

See also

  • Lisbon Strategy
    Lisbon Strategy
    The Lisbon Strategy, also known as the Lisbon Agenda or Lisbon Process, was an action and development plan devised in 2000, for the economy of the European Union between 2000 and 2010....

  • Bologna process
    Bologna process
    The purpose of the Bologna Process is the creation of the European Higher Education Area by making academic degree standards and quality assurance standards more comparable and compatible throughout Europe, in particular under the Lisbon Recognition Convention...

  • Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development
    Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development
    The Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development, also called Framework Programmes or abbreviated FP1 through FP8, are funding programmes created by the European Union in order to support and encourage research in the European Research Area...

  • Sixth Framework Programme
  • Seventh Framework Programme
  • Directorate-General of the Joint Research Centre
    Directorate-General of the Joint Research Centre (European Commission)
    The Joint Research Centre , located in Brussels, Belgium, is a Directorate-General of the European Commission. Its current Commissioner is Máire Geoghegan-Quinn, and the Director General is Dominique Ristori....

  • Directorate-General for Research
    Directorate-General for Research (European Commission)
    The Directorate-General for Research or DG Research, located in Brussels, is a Directorate-General of the European Commission.- Mission :The Directorate General’s mission is evolving as work on the European Research Area continues...

  • ERAWATCH Network (EWN)
  • Euroscience
    Euroscience is a pan-European grassroots organisation for the support and promotion of science and technology in Europe. The membership of Euroscience consists of individuals interested in constructing a scientific Europe...

  • European Research Council
    European Research Council
    The European Research Council is the independent body that funds investigator-driven frontier research in the European Union . It is part of the Seventh Research Framework Programme ....

  • European Grid Initiative (EGI)
  • European Institute of Technology
    European Institute of Technology
    The European Institute of Innovation and Technology is a public European institute which was established on 11 March 2008. It was set up in order to ‘address Europe's innovation gap’, and is the EU's flagship education institute designed to assist innovation, research and growth in the European...

  • European Research Advisory Board
    European Research Advisory Board
    EURAB was the European Research Advisory Board from 2001 to 2007. Its successor - since 2008 - is the European Research Area Board .It is a high-level, independent, advisory committee created by the European Commission to provide advice on the design and implementation of EU research policy. EURAB...

  • European Council of Applied Sciences and Engineering
    European Council of Applied Sciences and Engineering
    The European Council of Applied Sciences, Technologies and Engineering is a European non-profit organization, which groups 19-20 European national academies of Engineering, Applied Sciences and Technology...

  • European Clinical Research Infrastructures Network (ECRIN)
  • European Higher Education Area
    European Higher Education Area
    The European Higher Education Area was launched along with the Bologna Process' decade anniversary, in March 2010, during the Budapest-Vienna Ministerial Conference....


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