European College of Sport Science

European College of Sport Science

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The European College of Sport Science (ECSS) is a sport scientific
Sports science
Sport science is a discipline that studies the application of scientific principles and techniques with the aim of improving sporting performance...

 society
Society
A society, or a human society, is a group of people related to each other through persistent relations, or a large social grouping sharing the same geographical or virtual territory, subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations...

 founded in 1995 in Nice
Nice
Nice is the fifth most populous city in France, after Paris, Marseille, Lyon and Toulouse, with a population of 348,721 within its administrative limits on a land area of . The urban area of Nice extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of more than 955,000 on an area of...

, France
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

, dedicated to the collection, generation and dissemination of scientific knowledge. The spirit of this non-profit organisation is to Share your knowledge.

Objective & Purpose


The ECSS is the leading association of sport scientists at the European level and practices extensive co operations with corresponding non-European associations.
The purpose of the College is the promotion of science
Science
Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe...

 and research
Research
Research can be defined as the scientific search for knowledge, or as any systematic investigation, to establish novel facts, solve new or existing problems, prove new ideas, or develop new theories, usually using a scientific method...

, with special attention to sport science across Europe and beyond.
Its topics include the motivation
Motivation
Motivation is the driving force by which humans achieve their goals. Motivation is said to be intrinsic or extrinsic. The term is generally used for humans but it can also be used to describe the causes for animal behavior as well. This article refers to human motivation...

, attitudes, values and responses, adaptation, performance and health
Health
Health is the level of functional or metabolic efficiency of a living being. In humans, it is the general condition of a person's mind, body and spirit, usually meaning to be free from illness, injury or pain...

 aspects of people engaged in physical activity and the relation of physical activity and lifestyle to health, prevention
Preventive medicine
Preventive medicine or preventive care refers to measures taken to prevent diseases, rather than curing them or treating their symptoms...

 and aging. These topics are dealt with on an interdisciplinary basis.

Function


The ECSS is a non-profit organization. It supports European institutions, such as the European Union
European Union
The European Union is an economic and political union of 27 independent member states which are located primarily in Europe. The EU traces its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Economic Community , formed by six countries in 1958...

 (EU) and the Council of Europe, by offering scientific advice and assistance for coordinated European and worldwide research projects defined by these bodies.
Additionally it serves as the most important European network of sport scientists from all relevant sub disciplines.

Membership


The ECSS offers individual membership to sport and related scientists. The objective is to create a scientific European and worldwide network for scientific exchange and interaction. This is strengthened by the annual Congresses and other membership benefits such as the European Journal of Sport Science (EJSS), the ECSS News Bulletin, Email Newsletters, etc.
The qualification for the ECSS membership students is a university level degree (master’s or doctor’s degree, university examination) in the field of sport science, or an equivalent university degree in other related areas.
Members comprise scientists from all areas of sport science such as Physiology
Physiology
Physiology is the science of the function of living systems. This includes how organisms, organ systems, organs, cells, and bio-molecules carry out the chemical or physical functions that exist in a living system. The highest honor awarded in physiology is the Nobel Prize in Physiology or...

, Sports Medicine
Sports medicine
Sports medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with physical fitness, treatment and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise...

, Psychology
Psychology
Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. Its immediate goal is to understand individuals and groups by both establishing general principles and researching specific cases. For many, the ultimate goal of psychology is to benefit society...

, Molecular Biology, Sociology
Sociology
Sociology is the study of society. It is a social science—a term with which it is sometimes synonymous—which uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about human social activity...

, Biochemistry
Biochemistry
Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes in living organisms, including, but not limited to, living matter. Biochemistry governs all living organisms and living processes...

, Motor Control
Motor control
Motor control are information processing related activities carried out by the central nervous system that organize the musculoskeletal system to create coordinated movements and skilled actions...

, Biomechanics
Biomechanics
Biomechanics is the application of mechanical principles to biological systems, such as humans, animals, plants, organs, and cells. Perhaps one of the best definitions was provided by Herbert Hatze in 1974: "Biomechanics is the study of the structure and function of biological systems by means of...

, Training Science and many more.
The ECSS experiences a constant growth membership.

Congresses


Annual Congresses have been organized since the inauguration of the ECSS in 1995. The ECSS Congresses are attended by sport scientists worldwide with an academic career. On average over 70% of the participants have at least a PhD or an equivalent in the field of sport science or a related discipline.
Future ECSS Congresses include 2009 Oslo
Oslo
Oslo is a municipality, as well as the capital and most populous city in Norway. As a municipality , it was established on 1 January 1838. Founded around 1048 by King Harald III of Norway, the city was largely destroyed by fire in 1624. The city was moved under the reign of Denmark–Norway's King...

, Norway
Norway
Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of and a population of about 4.9 million...

, 2010 Antalya
Antalya
Antalya is a city on the Mediterranean coast of southwestern Turkey. With a population 1,001,318 as of 2010. It is the eighth most populous city in Turkey and country's biggest international sea resort.- History :...

, Turkey
Turkey
Turkey , known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe...

 and 2011 Liverpool
Liverpool
Liverpool is a city and metropolitan borough of Merseyside, England, along the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary. It was founded as a borough in 1207 and was granted city status in 1880...

, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

. These congresses comprise a range and selection of invited lecturers, multi- and mono-disciplinary symposia as well as tutorial lectures and socratic debates.

ECSS Office


The ECSS Office is located at the German Sport University Cologne
German Sport University Cologne
German Sport University Cologne is a sport university in Cologne, Germany. It is the largest sports university in Europe with more than 5,000 students...

, which has developed over the years to one of the most distinguished teaching and research centers worldwide for sport.

Former Presidents


Based on a rotation principle, the European College of Sport Science had the following presidents:
  • 2009-2011, Prof. Hans Hoppeler, University of Bern
  • 2007-2009, Prof. Albert Gollhofer, University of Freiburg
    University of Freiburg
    The University of Freiburg , sometimes referred to in English as the Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg, is a public research university located in Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.The university was founded in 1457 by the Habsburg dynasty as the...

  • 2005-2007, Prof. Erich Müller, University of Salzburg
    University of Salzburg
    The University of Salzburg, or Paris Lodron University after its founder, the Prince Archbishop Paris Lodron, is located in the Austrian city of Salzburg, Salzburgerland, home of Mozart. It is divided into 4 faculties: catholic theology, law, humanities and natural science.Founded in 1622, it...

  • 2003-2005, Prof. Michael Kjaer, Bispeepjerg Hospital
  • 2001-2003, Prof. Paolo Parisi, IUSM Rome
  • 1999-2001, Prof. Joachim Mester, German Sport University Cologne
    German Sport University Cologne
    German Sport University Cologne is a sport university in Cologne, Germany. It is the largest sports university in Europe with more than 5,000 students...

  • 1997-1999, Prof. Paavo V. Komi, University of Jyväskylä
    University of Jyväskylä
    The University of Jyväskylä is a university in Jyväskylä, Finland. It has its origins in the first Finnish-speaking teacher training college , founded in 1863. Around 14,000 students are currently enrolled in the degree programs of the university...

  • 1995-1997, Prof. Bengt Saltin, University of Copenhagen
    University of Copenhagen
    The University of Copenhagen is the oldest and largest university and research institution in Denmark. Founded in 1479, it has more than 37,000 students, the majority of whom are female , and more than 7,000 employees. The university has several campuses located in and around Copenhagen, with the...


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