Home      Discussion      Topics      Dictionary      Almanac
Signup       Login
Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski

Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski

Discussion
Ask a question about 'Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski'
Start a new discussion about 'Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski'
Answer questions from other users
Full Discussion Forum
 
Encyclopedia
Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski was a Polish
Poland
Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...

 politician and economist, Deputy Prime Minister of Poland, government minister and manager of the Second Polish Republic.

He studied at the Jesuit school Zakład Naukowo-Wychowawczy Ojców Jezuitów w Chyrowie
Zakład Naukowo-Wychowawczy Ojców Jezuitów w Chyrowie
Zakład Naukowo-Wychowawczy Ojców Jezuitów w Chyrowie was a Jesuit academic institution, with the status of high school, founded and run by the Jesuits in Khyriv, near Przemyśl, southeast Poland between 1883 - 1939...

, and then graduated chemistry at the University of Lwów
Lviv University
The Lviv University or officially the Ivan Franko National University of Lviv is the oldest continuously operating university in Ukraine...

 and Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich.

After Józef Piłsudski's May coup d'état of 1926 in the Second Polish Republic
Second Polish Republic
The Second Polish Republic, Second Commonwealth of Poland or interwar Poland refers to Poland between the two world wars; a period in Polish history in which Poland was restored as an independent state. Officially known as the Republic of Poland or the Commonwealth of Poland , the Polish state was...

, he was recommended by president Ignacy Mościcki
Ignacy Moscicki
Ignacy Mościcki was a Polish chemist, politician, and President of Poland . He was the longest-serving President of Poland .-Life:...

 for the post Minister of Industry and Trade in the government of Kazimierz Bartel
Kazimierz Bartel
Kazimierz Władysław Bartel was a Polish mathematician and politician who served as Prime Minister of Poland three times between 1926 and 1930....

. E. Kwiatkowski was a minister in eight successive governments (1926-30) and Deputy Prime Minister of Poland and Minister of Treasure in two governments (1935-39).

Among the most famous achievements of Kwiatkowski are the giant construction projects: the construction of Gdynia
Gdynia
Gdynia is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodeship of Poland and an important seaport of Gdańsk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea.Located in Kashubia in Eastern Pomerania, Gdynia is part of a conurbation with the spa town of Sopot, the city of Gdańsk and suburban communities, which together...

 seaport, the development of the Polish Merchant Navy and sea trade, and the creation of Centralny Okręg Przemysłowy
Centralny Okreg Przemyslowy
The Central Industrial District , is an industrial region in Poland. It was one of the biggest economic projects of the Second Polish Republic. The 5-year long project was initiated by a famous Polish economist, deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Treasury, Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski...

 (The Central Industrial Region).

After the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....

 joined Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany , also known as the Third Reich , but officially called German Reich from 1933 to 1943 and Greater German Reich from 26 June 1943 onward, is the name commonly used to refer to the state of Germany from 1933 to 1945, when it was a totalitarian dictatorship ruled by...

 in the invasion of Poland
Invasion of Poland (1939)
The Invasion of Poland, also known as the September Campaign or 1939 Defensive War in Poland and the Poland Campaign in Germany, was an invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, and a small Slovak contingent that marked the start of World War II in Europe...

 in 1939, he evacuated Poland with the rest of the Government on 17 September. He was interned in Romania
Romania
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea...

 until 1945. He returned to Poland and supervised the projects of reconstruction of the Polish seacoast, and in the years 1947–1952, he was a deputy to the Polish parliament (Sejm
Sejm
The Sejm is the lower house of the Polish parliament. The Sejm is made up of 460 deputies, or Poseł in Polish . It is elected by universal ballot and is presided over by a speaker called the Marshal of the Sejm ....

).

With the strengthening of the communist and Soviet grip on the Polish government, which he opposed, he fell out of favour of the communist government of the People's Republic of Poland
People's Republic of Poland
The People's Republic of Poland was the official name of Poland from 1952 to 1990. Although the Soviet Union took control of the country immediately after the liberation from Nazi Germany in 1944, the name of the state was not changed until eight years later...

 and was forced to retire in 1948. From 1952 onward, he concentrated on studies of chemistry
Chemistry
Chemistry is the science of matter, especially its chemical reactions, but also its composition, structure and properties. Chemistry is concerned with atoms and their interactions with other atoms, and particularly with the properties of chemical bonds....

, physics
Physics
Physics is a natural science that involves the study of matter and its motion through spacetime, along with related concepts such as energy and force. More broadly, it is the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves.Physics is one of the oldest academic...

, and history
History
History is the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. History can also mean the period of time after writing was invented. Scholars who write about history are called historians...

.

He died in Kraków
Kraków
Kraków also Krakow, or Cracow , is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland. Situated on the Vistula River in the Lesser Poland region, the city dates back to the 7th century. Kraków has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Polish academic, cultural, and artistic life...

on 22 August 1974.

Works

  • Zagadnienie przemysłu chemicznego na tle wielkiej wojny (1923)
  • Postęp gospodarczy Polski (Economic Progress of Poland) (1928)
  • Polska gospodarcza w roku 1928 (Economic Poland in 1928) (1928)
  • Powrót Polski nad Bałtyk (The Return of Poland to Baltic) (1930)
  • Dysproporcje. Rzecz o Polsce przeszłej i obecnej (1932)
  • "Rzecz najważniejsza Polska" - Wybór myśli politycznych i społecznych (1988) - selection of his papers