Enrico Fermi Award

Enrico Fermi Award

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The Enrico Fermi Award is an award honoring scientists of international stature for their lifetime achievement in the development, use, or production of energy
In physics, energy is an indirectly observed quantity. It is often understood as the ability a physical system has to do work on other physical systems...

. It is administered by the U.S. government's Department of Energy
United States Department of Energy
The United States Department of Energy is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government concerned with the United States' policies regarding energy and safety in handling nuclear material...

. The recipient receives $375,000, a certificate signed by the President and the Secretary of Energy, and a gold medal featuring the likeness of Enrico Fermi
Enrico Fermi
Enrico Fermi was an Italian-born, naturalized American physicist particularly known for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor, Chicago Pile-1, and for his contributions to the development of quantum theory, nuclear and particle physics, and statistical mechanics...


Previous winners

  • 2009 – John B. Goodenough
    John B. Goodenough
    John Bannister Goodenough is an American professor and prominent solid-state physicist. He is currently a professor of mechanical engineering and materials science at the University of Texas at Austin...

  • 2009 – Siegfried Hecker
  • 2005 – Arthur H. Rosenfeld
  • 2003 – John N. Bahcall
    John N. Bahcall
    John Norris Bahcall was an American astrophysicist, best known for his contributions to the solar neutrino problem, the development of the Hubble Space Telescope and for his leadership and development of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton.-Early and family life:Bahcall was born in...

  • 2003 – Raymond Davis, Jr.
  • 2003 – Seymour Sack
  • 2000 – Sheldon Datz
    Sheldon Datz
    Sheldon Datz was born in New York City, son of Clara and Jacob Datz. He went to Stuyvesant High School and received degrees in Chemistry from Columbia University and University of Tennessee. He did early work inventing the molecular beam technique with Dr. Ellison Taylor which later won the...

  • 2000 – Sidney D. Drell
  • 2000 – Herbert F. York
  • 1998 – Maurice Goldhaber
    Maurice Goldhaber
    Maurice Goldhaber was an Austrian-born American physicist, who in 1957 established that neutrinos have negative helicity.-Early Life and Childhood:...

  • 1998 – Michael E. Phelps
    Michael E. Phelps
    Michael Edward Phelps is a professor and an American biophysicist. He is known for being one of the fathers of positron emission tomography . Phelps was born in 1939 in Cleveland, Ohio. He spent his early life as a boxer, winning the coveted Golden Gloves...

  • 1996 – Mortimer M. Elkind and H. Rodney Withers
  • 1996 – Richard L. Garwin
  • 1995 – Ugo Fano
    Ugo Fano
    Ugo Fano was an Italian American physicist, a leader in theoretical physics in the 20th century.- Biography :Ugo Fano was born into a wealthy Jewish family in Turin, Italy...

  • 1995 – Martin D. Kamen
  • 1993 – Liane B. Russell
  • 1993 – Freeman J. Dyson
  • 1992 – Harold Brown
    Harold Brown (Secretary of Defense)
    Harold Brown , American scientist, was U.S. Secretary of Defense from 1977 to 1981 in the cabinet of President Jimmy Carter. He had previously served in the Lyndon Johnson administration as Director of Defense Research and Engineering and Secretary of the Air Force.While Secretary of Defense, he...

  • 1992 – John S. Foster
  • 1992 – Leon M. Lederman
    Leon M. Lederman
    Leon Max Lederman is an American experimental physicist and Nobel Prize in Physics laureate for his work with neutrinos. He is Director Emeritus of Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Illinois, USA...

  • 1990 – George A. Cowan
  • 1990 – Robley D. Evans
  • 1988 – Richard B. Setlow
  • 1988 – Victor F. Weisskopf
  • 1987 – Luis Alvarez
    Luis Alvarez
    Luis W. Alvarez was an American experimental physicist and inventor, who spent nearly all of his long professional career on the faculty of the University of California, Berkeley...

  • 1987 – Gerald F. Tape
  • 1986 – Ernest Courant
    Ernest Courant
    Ernest Courant has been called the "father of modern particle accelerators". A fundamental contributor to the field, he has also been mentor to several generations of students...

  • 1986 – M. Stanley Livingston
  • 1985 – Norman Rasmussen
    Norman Rasmussen
    Norman C. Rasmussen was an American physicist.Rasmussen was born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. He grew up on a dairy farm as the fifth of six brothers. He attended public school in Hershey, Pennsylvania. His father died when he was in eighth grade, and his family moved to Gettysburg, where his...

  • 1985 – Marshall Rosenbluth
    Marshall Rosenbluth
    Marshall Nicholas Rosenbluth was an American plasma physicist and member of the National Academy of Sciences. In 1997 he was awarded the National Medal of Science for discoveries in controlled thermonuclear fusion, contributions to plasma physics and work in computational statistical mechanics. ...

  • 1984 – Robert R. Wilson
    Robert R. Wilson
    Robert Rathbun Wilson was an American physicist who was a group leader of the Manhattan Project, a sculptor, and an architect of Fermi National Laboratory , where he was also the director from 1967–1978....

  • 1985 – George Vendryes
  • 1983 – Alexander Hollaender
    Alexander Hollaender
    Alexander Hollaender was one of the world's leading researchers in radiation biology and in genetic mutations. In 1983 he was given the Enrico Fermi Award by the United States Department of Energy for his contributions in founding the science of radiation biology, and for his leadership in...

  • 1983 – John H. Lawrence
    John H. Lawrence
    John Hundale Lawrence was an American physicist and physician best known for pioneering the field of nuclear medicine. -Background:John Hundale Lawrence was born in Canton, South Dakota...

  • 1982 – Herbert L. Anderson
    Herbert L. Anderson
    Herbert Lawrence Anderson was an American nuclear physicist who contributed to the Manhattan Project. He was also a member of the team which made the first demonstration of nuclear fission in the United States, in the basement of Pupin Hall at Columbia University. He participated in the first...

  • 1982 – Seth Neddermeyer
    Seth Neddermeyer
    Seth Henry Neddermeyer was an American physicist who co-discovered the muon, and later championed the implosion design of the plutonium atomic bomb, at the Manhattan Project....

  • 1981 – W. Bennett Lewis
  • 1980 – Rudolf E. Peierls
    Rudolf Peierls
    Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls, CBE was a German-born British physicist. Rudolf Peierls had a major role in Britain's nuclear program, but he also had a role in many modern sciences...

  • 1980 – Alvin M. Weinberg
    Alvin M. Weinberg
    Alvin Martin Weinberg was an American nuclear physicist who was the administrator at Oak Ridge National Laboratory during and after the Manhattan Project period. He came to Oak Ridge, Tennessee in 1945 and remained there until his death in 2006.-Early years in Chicago: Alvin Weinberg was born...

  • 1978 – Wolfgang K.H. Panofsky
  • 1978 – Harold M. Agnew
  • 1976 – William L. Russell
  • 1972 – Manson Benedict
    Manson Benedict
    Manson Benedict was an American nuclear engineer and a professor of nuclear engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology . From 1958 to 1968, he was the chairman of the advisory committee to the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.-Biography:Born in Lake Linden, Michigan, Benedict received a...

  • 1971 – Shields Warren
  • 1971 – Stafford L. Warren
    Stafford L. Warren
    Stafford Leak Warren was an American physician and radiologist who was a pioneer in the field of nuclear medicine and best known for his invention of the mammogram...

  • 1970 – Norris E. Bradbury
  • 1969 – Walter Zinn
  • 1968 – John A. Wheeler
  • 1966 – Otto Hahn
    Otto Hahn
    Otto Hahn FRS was a German chemist and Nobel laureate, a pioneer in the fields of radioactivity and radiochemistry. He is regarded as "the father of nuclear chemistry". Hahn was a courageous opposer of Jewish persecution by the Nazis and after World War II he became a passionate campaigner...

  • 1966 – Lise Meitner
    Lise Meitner
    Lise Meitner FRS was an Austrian-born, later Swedish, physicist who worked on radioactivity and nuclear physics. Meitner was part of the team that discovered nuclear fission, an achievement for which her colleague Otto Hahn was awarded the Nobel Prize...

  • 1966 – Fritz Strassmann
    Fritz Strassmann
    Friedrich Wilhelm "Fritz" Strassmann was a German chemist who, with Otto Hahn in 1938, identified barium in the residue after bombarding uranium with neutrons, which led to the interpretation of their results as being from nuclear fission...

  • 1964 – Hyman G. Rickover
    Hyman G. Rickover
    Hyman George Rickover was a four-star admiral of the United States Navy who directed the original development of naval nuclear propulsion and controlled its operations for three decades as director of Naval Reactors...

  • 1963 – J. Robert Oppenheimer
  • 1962 – Edward Teller
    Edward Teller
    Edward Teller was a Hungarian-American theoretical physicist, known colloquially as "the father of the hydrogen bomb," even though he did not care for the title. Teller made numerous contributions to nuclear and molecular physics, spectroscopy , and surface physics...

  • 1961 – Hans A. Bethe
  • 1959 – Glenn T. Seaborg
    Glenn T. Seaborg
    Glenn Theodore Seaborg was an American scientist who won the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for "discoveries in the chemistry of the transuranium elements", contributed to the discovery and isolation of ten elements, and developed the actinide concept, which led to the current arrangement of the...

  • 1958 – Eugene P. Wigner
  • 1957 – Ernest O. Lawrence
  • 1956 – John von Neumann
    John von Neumann
    John von Neumann was a Hungarian-American mathematician and polymath who made major contributions to a vast number of fields, including set theory, functional analysis, quantum mechanics, ergodic theory, geometry, fluid dynamics, economics and game theory, computer science, numerical analysis,...

See also

  • List of awards
  • Prizes named after people
    Prizes named after people
    This is a list of prizes that are named after people.For other lists of eponyms see Lists of etymologies.* Ansari X Prize - Anousheh Ansari, Amir Ansari* Prince of Asturias Awards - Felipe, Prince of Asturias-A:...

  • Vannevar Bush Award
    Vannevar Bush Award
    The National Science Board established the Vannevar Bush Award in 1980 to honor Dr. Vannevar Bush's unique contributions to public service. His name is pronounced ....

  • Ankusk Kapoor Award