Enric Valor i Vives

Enric Valor i Vives

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Enric Valor i Vives (1911 in Castalla
Castalla
Castalla is a town located in the comarca of L'Alcoià, in the province of Alicante, Spain. Castalla is located in a mountainous area, 35 km from Alicante....

, l'Alcoià
Alcoià
Alcoià is a comarca in the province of Alicante, Valencian Community, Spain.- Municipalities :*Alcoy/Alcoi*Banyeres de Mariola*Benifallim*Castalla*Ibi*Onil*Penàguila*Tibi...

 – 2000 in Valencia
Valencia (city in Spain)
Valencia or València is the capital and most populous city of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third largest city in Spain, with a population of 809,267 in 2010. It is the 15th-most populous municipality in the European Union...

) was a Valencian narrator and grammarian who made one of the most important contributions to the re-collection and recovery of Valencian
Valencian
Valencian is the traditional and official name of the Catalan language in the Valencian Community. There are dialectical differences from standard Catalan, and under the Valencian Statute of Autonomy, the Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua has been established as its regulator...

 lexicography and its standardization in the Valencian Community
Valencian Community
The Valencian Community is an autonomous community of Spain located in central and south-eastern Iberian Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Valencia...

, Spain
Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

.

Biography


Enric Valor was born in 1911, the son of an affluent family from Castalla
Castalla
Castalla is a town located in the comarca of L'Alcoià, in the province of Alicante, Spain. Castalla is located in a mountainous area, 35 km from Alicante....

, in the Valencian comarca
Comarca
A comarca is a traditional region or local administrative division found in parts of Spain, Portugal, Panama, Nicaragua, and Brazil. The term is derived from the term marca, meaning a "march, mark", plus the prefix co- meaning "together, jointly".The comarca is known in Aragonese as redolada and...

 of l'Alcoià
Alcoià
Alcoià is a comarca in the province of Alicante, Valencian Community, Spain.- Municipalities :*Alcoy/Alcoi*Banyeres de Mariola*Benifallim*Castalla*Ibi*Onil*Penàguila*Tibi...

. In 1930, at the age of nineteen, he became a journalist in Alicante
Alicante
Alicante or Alacant is a city in Spain, the capital of the province of Alicante and of the comarca of Alacantí, in the south of the Valencian Community. It is also a historic Mediterranean port. The population of the city of Alicante proper was 334,418, estimated , ranking as the second-largest...

 writing in the satirical
Satire
Satire is primarily a literary genre or form, although in practice it can also be found in the graphic and performing arts. In satire, vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, and society itself, into improvement...

 newspaper El Tio Cuc, in Valencian. During the Second Spanish Republic
Second Spanish Republic
The Second Spanish Republic was the government of Spain between April 14 1931, and its destruction by a military rebellion, led by General Francisco Franco....

 he started to became politicly active. His main demand was for autonomous status for the Land of Valencia. He was also at this time working in the city of Valencia in the nationalist newspaper
Newspaper
A newspaper is a scheduled publication containing news of current events, informative articles, diverse features and advertising. It usually is printed on relatively inexpensive, low-grade paper such as newsprint. By 2007, there were 6580 daily newspapers in the world selling 395 million copies a...

s La República de les Lletres, El Camí and El País Valencià. When the Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
The Spanish Civil WarAlso known as The Crusade among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War among Carlists, and The Rebellion or Uprising among Republicans. was a major conflict fought in Spain from 17 July 1936 to 1 April 1939...

 broke out he supported the Spanish Republic.

After the war, he cut back on his political activities to concentrate on literature
Literature
Literature is the art of written works, and is not bound to published sources...

. At the beginning of the 1950s he started to compile "rondalles", a type of folk
Folk
The English word Folk is derived from a Germanic noun, *fulka meaning "people" or "army"...

 narrative, which were published as Rondalles valencianes (1950–1958). During the 1960s he returned to underground political activities involving Valencian nationalism
Nationalism
Nationalism is a political ideology that involves a strong identification of a group of individuals with a political entity defined in national terms, i.e. a nation. In the 'modernist' image of the nation, it is nationalism that creates national identity. There are various definitions for what...

 and, as a result, he became a political prisoner
Political prisoner
According to the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, a political prisoner is ‘someone who is in prison because they have opposed or criticized the government of their own country’....

 of Francisco Franco
Francisco Franco
Francisco Franco y Bahamonde was a Spanish general, dictator and head of state of Spain from October 1936 , and de facto regent of the nominally restored Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in November, 1975...

's dictatorship
Dictatorship
A dictatorship is defined as an autocratic form of government in which the government is ruled by an individual, the dictator. It has three possible meanings:...

 from 1966 to 1968. Once out of prison he founded almost the first magazine
Magazine
Magazines, periodicals, glossies or serials are publications, generally published on a regular schedule, containing a variety of articles. They are generally financed by advertising, by a purchase price, by pre-paid magazine subscriptions, or all three...

 in Valencian in the postwar period; Gorg ("Whirl", in Valencian). When Franco's dictatorship ended, Enric Valor was be able to spread freely his opinions and literary works. He became honoured with many important literary and linguistic awards from all over the Països Catalans. During the 1990s there was a move among some Valencian cultural groups to propose Valor as a candidate for the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
The Nobel Prizes are annual international awards bestowed by Scandinavian committees in recognition of cultural and scientific advances. The will of the Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, established the prizes in 1895...

 in Literature, but it didn't come to fruit.

Valor then died in 2000.

Linguistic works


His first linguistic work was in the weekly magazine El Tio Cuc based in Alicante
Alicante
Alicante or Alacant is a city in Spain, the capital of the province of Alicante and of the comarca of Alacantí, in the south of the Valencian Community. It is also a historic Mediterranean port. The population of the city of Alicante proper was 334,418, estimated , ranking as the second-largest...

. He was contributing to the development of the Catalan-Valencian-Balearic Dictionary (such a Catalan inter-dialectal dictionary) under the directorship of Francesc de Borja i Moll, which included a Southern Valencian lexicon
Lexicon
In linguistics, the lexicon of a language is its vocabulary, including its words and expressions. A lexicon is also a synonym of the word thesaurus. More formally, it is a language's inventory of lexemes. Coined in English 1603, the word "lexicon" derives from the Greek "λεξικόν" , neut...

. Like Carles Salvador and Sanchis Guarner, he was one of the principal promoters of the standardisation of Valencian by means of works such as Curs de la llengua valenciana (Gorg, 1961), Millorem el llenguatge (1971), and Curso medio de gramática catalana referida especialmente al País Valenciano (1973).

In 1983 he released La flexió verbal where he summarized the widely dialectised Valencian verbs. This work became the principal reference for the normative use of verbs, and is used as essential teaching material for Valencian pupils.

Literary works


His most known work is Rondalles valencianes (1950–1958), where 36 valencian popular tales are collected as a literary narration. Other works with a similar style are Narracions de la Foia de Castalla (1953), and Meravelles i picardies (1964–1970).

Valor was also a writer. His first novel was L'ambició d'Aleix which was started between the 1940s and 1950s, but it was being re-written until its release in 1960. Perhaps his most important novel work is Cicle de Cassana which is made up of three novels: Sense la terra promesa (1960), Temps de batuda (1983), and Enllà de l'horitzó (1991). The Cicle de Cassana trilogy aims for the regaining of collective memory between 1916 and 1939. In 1982 he published La idea de l'emigrant.

Awards and honors

  • 1983, Sanchis Guarner's Award (Premi Sanchis Guarner), from the Valencia Province Council.
  • 1985, Valencian Arts Award (Premi de les Lletres Valencianes) from Valencia City Council.
  • 1986, Member of the Philological Department in the Institut d'Estudis Catalans
    Institut d'Estudis Catalans
    The Institut d'Estudis Catalans , also known by the acronym IEC, is an academic institution which seeks to undertake research and study into "all elements of Catalan culture"....

    .
  • 1987, Premi d'Honor de les Lletres Catalanes (Catalan Arts Honored Award) from the Òmnium Cultural de Barcelona.
  • 1987, Member of the Advisory Board in the Interuniversitary Institute of Valencian Philology (Institut Interuniversitari de Filologia Valenciana).
  • 1993, Honoris Causa Doctor by the Universitat de València
    Universitat de València
    The University of Valencia is a university located in the Spanish city of Valencia. It is one of the oldest surviving universities in Spain,and the oldest in the Valencian Community, and is regarded as one of Spain's leading academic institutions...

    .
  • 1993, Saint George's Cross (Creu de Sant Jordi) from the Generalitat de Catalunya
    Generalitat de Catalunya
    The Generalitat of Catalonia is the institution under which the autonomous community of Catalonia is politically organised. It consists of the Parliament, the President of the Generalitat of Catalonia and the Government of Catalonia....

    .
  • 1996, Miquelet d'Honor from the Societat Coral El Micalet, de Valencia.
  • 1997, Premi Cavanilles from the Valencian Institute of Nature and Hiking (Institut Valencià d'Excursionisme i Natura).
  • 1998, Honoris Causa Doctor by the Universitat de les Illes Balears
    University of the Balearic Islands
    The University of the Balearic Islands is a Balearic Spanish university, founded in 1978 and located in Palma on the island of Majorca.-History:...

    .
  • 1999, Honoris Causa Doctor by the Universitat Jaume I from Castelló.
  • 1999, Honoris Causa Doctor by the Universitat d'Alacant.
  • 1999, Honoris Causa Doctor by the Universitat Politècnica de València.

External links