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Ender Wiggin

Ender Wiggin

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Andrew "Ender" Wiggin is a fictional character
Fictional character
A character is the representation of a person in a narrative work of art . Derived from the ancient Greek word kharaktêr , the earliest use in English, in this sense, dates from the Restoration, although it became widely used after its appearance in Tom Jones in 1749. From this, the sense of...

 from Orson Scott Card
Orson Scott Card
Orson Scott Card is an American author, critic, public speaker, essayist, columnist, and political activist. He writes in several genres, but is primarily known for his science fiction. His novel Ender's Game and its sequel Speaker for the Dead both won Hugo and Nebula Awards, making Card the...

's science fiction
Science fiction
Science fiction is a genre of fiction dealing with imaginary but more or less plausible content such as future settings, futuristic science and technology, space travel, aliens, and paranormal abilities...

 story Ender's Game
Ender's Game
Ender's Game is a science fiction novel by American author Orson Scott Card. The book originated as the short story "Ender's Game", published in the August 1977 issue of Analog Science Fiction and Fact. Elaborating on characters and plot lines depicted in the novel, Card later wrote additional...

and its sequels (Speaker for the Dead
Speaker for the Dead
Speaker for the Dead is a science fiction novel by Orson Scott Card and an indirect sequel to the novel Ender's Game. This book takes place around the year 5270, some 3,000 years after the events in Ender's Game...

, Xenocide
Xenocide
Xenocide is the third novel in the Ender's Game series of books by Orson Scott Card. It was nominated for both the Hugo and Locus Awards for Best Novel in 1992...

, Children of the Mind
Children of the Mind
Children of the Mind is the fourth book of Orson Scott Card's popular Ender's Game series of science fiction novels that focus on the character Ender Wiggin...

, Ender in Exile), as well as in the first part of the spin-off series, Ender's Shadow
Ender's Shadow
Ender's Shadow is a parallel science fiction novel by the American author Orson Scott Card, taking place at the same time as the novel Ender's Game and depicting the same events from the point of view of Bean, a supporting character in the original novel. It was originally to be titled Urchin, but...

. The book series itself is an expansion of Card's earlier short story
Short story
A short story is a work of fiction that is usually written in prose, often in narrative format. This format tends to be more pointed than longer works of fiction, such as novellas and novels. Short story definitions based on length differ somewhat, even among professional writers, in part because...

 "Ender's Game
Ender's Game (short story)
"Ender's Game" is a story by Orson Scott Card. It first appeared in the August 1977 issue of Analog magazine and was later expanded into the novel Ender's Game...

."

Ender's Game


Ender's Game
Ender's Game
Ender's Game is a science fiction novel by American author Orson Scott Card. The book originated as the short story "Ender's Game", published in the August 1977 issue of Analog Science Fiction and Fact. Elaborating on characters and plot lines depicted in the novel, Card later wrote additional...

is the first book in the series. Andrew "Ender" Wiggin was the youngest of three genius children contrary to a strict two-child policy. His existence was called for by a program aiming at producing commanders for humanity's war against the Formics
Formics
The Formics, also known as Buggers, are a fictional insectoid alien species from the Ender's Game series of science fiction novels by Orson Scott Card.The term "Formic" is derived from formica, the Latin word for ant...

, or "Buggers". He learned how to do so at Battle School, an Earth
Earth
Earth is the third planet from the Sun, and the densest and fifth-largest of the eight planets in the Solar System. It is also the largest of the Solar System's four terrestrial planets...

-orbiting space station that trained similar prodigies
Child prodigy
A child prodigy is someone who, at an early age, masters one or more skills far beyond his or her level of maturity. One criterion for classifying prodigies is: a prodigy is a child, typically younger than 18 years old, who is performing at the level of a highly trained adult in a very demanding...

. He received the same education as other children, but the military had recognized him as their best bet to be supreme commander and often manipulated its own rules to make sure Ender had not only the necessary technical skills, but also the right character for their ends. Specifically, Ender was conditioned to be entirely self-sufficient from a very young age.

As a child, Ender is bullied at school for being a "Third" (The third child in a society where excessive breeding
Zero population growth
Zero population growth, sometimes abbreviated ZPG , is a condition of demographic balance where the number of people in a specified population neither grows nor declines, considered as a social aim....

 is frowned upon), and tormented at home by his brother Peter
Peter Wiggin
Peter Wiggin is a fictional character in the science fiction novel Ender's Game and its sequels, written by Orson Scott Card. He has appeared in the novels Ender's Game, Shadow of the Hegemon, Shadow Puppets, Shadow of the Giant, Xenocide, and Children of the Mind and in an upcoming short story to...

, a sadistic
Sadistic personality disorder
Sadistic personality disorder is a diagnosis which appeared only in an appendix of the revised third edition of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders . The current version of the DSM does not include it, so it is no longer considered a valid...

 bully who resents his superior abilities. His only refuge is with his beloved sister Valentine
Valentine Wiggin
Valentine Wiggin is a fictional character in Orson Scott Card's Ender's Game series of novels. She is the older sister of Ender Wiggin.-Biography:...

, who acts as his protector and only friend. When he is accepted into Battle School, he is broken-hearted at the thought of leaving her, but she assures him that they will always have a bond.

At Battle School, Ender is exposed to great emotional and mental anguish and even physical danger. The administration is forbidden from protecting him in order to guarantee that he would never look to anybody else for help.

Ender breezes through academics, his main interest being the centerpiece of the school: a team-based three-dimensional laser tag
Laser tag
Laser tag is a team or individual sport or recreational activity where players attempt to score points by tagging targets, typically with a hand-held infrared-emitting targeting device. Infrared-sensitive targets are commonly worn by each player and are sometimes integrated within the arena in...

 competition in the zero-g Battle Room. He becomes first a masterful player, then a masterful strategist, and is eventually assigned command of Dragon Army. He molds the group of untested and unwanted students into the most successful army in the history of the school (it is revealed in Ender's Shadow
Ender's Shadow
Ender's Shadow is a parallel science fiction novel by the American author Orson Scott Card, taking place at the same time as the novel Ender's Game and depicting the same events from the point of view of Bean, a supporting character in the original novel. It was originally to be titled Urchin, but...

that Julian "Bean" Delphiki actually chose them).

After graduating several years ahead of time, he is transferred to Command School on Eros. There he trains in interstellar fleet combat with holographic simulators. After Ender masters the game under ordinary conditions, the game changes from one with direct control of ships to one where he relays commands to others - his friends and associates from Battle School, namely, Julian "Bean" Delphiki, Alai
Alai (Ender's Game)
Alai is a major character in Ender's Game series by Orson Scott Card. He appears in the novels Ender's Game, Ender's Shadow, Shadow of the Hegemon, Shadow Puppets and Shadow of the Giant...

, Shen
Shen
Shen can refer to:* Shen , a central word in Chinese philosophy, religion, terms for God, and Traditional Chinese Medicine* Shen , a shapeshifting Chinese dragon believed to create mirages...

, Petra Arkanian
Petra Arkanian
Petra Arkanian is a main character of the books Shadow of the Hegemon and Shadow Puppets by Orson Scott Card. She is also a major character in Ender's Game, Ender's Shadow and Shadow of the Giant.-Ender's Game:...

, Dink Meeker, Crazy Tom, Hot Soup, Fly Molo, Vlad, Dumper, and Carn Carby. He is deceived into believing he is being pitted against his mentor, the legendary commander Mazer Rackham, humanity's savior from the previous Buggers conflict, but he is actually battling the formics. With his trusted companions (called a "jeesh"), he takes on a grueling series of battles and emerges victorious each time, although the mounting pressure pushes him to the edge.

The final battle takes place above a simulated planet, against an enemy with overwhelming numerical superiority. Ender perceives this as a grossly unfair test, and resolves to win by breaking the rules. This, he thinks, would convince his instructors that he is not the man to lead the Fleet into battle with the Formics. Instead of fighting the enemy ship-to-ship, Ender penetrates their defensive perimeter and destroys the planet itself. Not until after the pandemonium that followed is he told that it was not actually a simulation: Instead of taking on Rackham in what they had thought was a long series of simulations, he and his jeesh had been unknowingly issuing orders to real ships in real combat. The final battle in fact consisted of the destruction of the Bugger home world and the apparent eradication of the Bugger species, resulting in Ender's rise to world adulation. Ender, however, is stricken with guilt for having unknowingly committed xenocide
Xenocide
Xenocide is the third novel in the Ender's Game series of books by Orson Scott Card. It was nominated for both the Hugo and Locus Awards for Best Novel in 1992...

, as well as with anger at himself for allowing the military to use him as a tool.

In the wake of the war, Valentine informs him that he would never be allowed to return to Earth due to her own actions in an effort to protect him from Peter, who was becoming a major political force on Earth (Shadow of the Hegemon
Shadow of the Hegemon
Shadow of the Hegemon is the second novel in the Ender's Shadow series by Orson Scott Card. It is also the sixth novel in the Ender's Game series. It is told mostly from the point of view of Bean, a largely peripheral character in the original novel Ender's Game...

 contradicts this and states that it was Peter that insisted Ender be exiled for his own protection). He instead journeys with her to one of the colonies being established on the now-abandoned Bugger worlds. Once there, he discovers a fertilized pupa
Pupa
A pupa is the life stage of some insects undergoing transformation. The pupal stage is found only in holometabolous insects, those that undergo a complete metamorphosis, going through four life stages; embryo, larva, pupa and imago...

 of a Queen Bugger, hidden in a place that the Buggers designed for him to discover by modelling it to resemble part of an interactive computer game he played during his years in the Battle School. The buggers find out about it during his tormented dreams of them in Command School. The pupal Queen is capable of continuing the Bugger race. Through rudimentary telepathic
Telepathy
Telepathy , is the induction of mental states from one mind to another. The term was coined in 1882 by the classical scholar Fredric W. H. Myers, a founder of the Society for Psychical Research, and has remained more popular than the more-correct expression thought-transference...

 communication with the Queen, he learns what he had begun to suspect before the war's end: The entire conflict had been a mistake, the result of the inability of two alien species to communicate. He further learns from the Queen that the Buggers had felt terrible regret for having mistakenly fought humans and that they had forgiven Ender for their own deaths even as he orchestrated their destruction. Empathizing with the Queen, Ender promises to find her a home to grow where the Buggers would not be annihilated by the humans.

To foster this eventual rebirth, Ender writes a book called "The Hive Queen", which tells the story of the war from the Formic perspective. Ender uses the pseudonym "Speaker for the Dead
Speaker for the Dead
Speaker for the Dead is a science fiction novel by Orson Scott Card and an indirect sequel to the novel Ender's Game. This book takes place around the year 5270, some 3,000 years after the events in Ender's Game...

" to author it. When Peter, who had advanced to the position of Hegemon of Earth
Hegemon of Earth
In the Ender's Game and Shadow series by Orson Scott Card, the Hegemon is the ruler of the planet. Even though the planet is still divided into countries, the Hegemon has power over them all....

, contacts him, having realized Ender was the writer, the Speaker for the Dead writes a second novel, "The Hegemon", a human parallel to the first book. The two are combined by popular culture, eventually becoming one of the founding texts of a quasi-religious practice on the colonies of Earth. After writing the book, Ender and Valentine depart in a ship in an attempt to find a planet that would allow the Queen to grow, and that they could call their new home.

Speaker for the Dead


When Ender shows up in Speaker for the Dead
Speaker for the Dead
Speaker for the Dead is a science fiction novel by Orson Scott Card and an indirect sequel to the novel Ender's Game. This book takes place around the year 5270, some 3,000 years after the events in Ender's Game...

, some 3000 years after the events of Ender's Game, he is departing a planet where his sister Valentine has found a husband. He has also acquired an integrated computer which he usually uses to communicate to a powerful artificial intelligence known as Jane
Jane (Ender's Game)
Jane is a fictional character in Orson Scott Card's Ender series. She is an artificial sentience thought to exist within the ansible network by which spaceships and planets communicate instantly across galactic distances. She has appeared in the novels Speaker for the Dead, Xenocide, and Children...

, whose existence is not made known to anyone. He is living as an anonymous Speaker for the Dead, keeping his identity as the "Ender the Xenocide" who orchestrated the victory over the Formics a secret; his book "The Hive Queen and the Hegemon" in which he "spoke for the dead" Formics worked well enough (worked as it was intend to do) such that most of humanity now considers Ender to have been a heartless monster who destroyed a race for no reason, and the name "Ender" is now considered vile, an insult.

He departs for the planet Lusitania, where a request has been sent out for a speaker to speak on behalf of a researcher who died from contact with the planet's indigenous species. By the time he arrives at the planet 22 years later (relativity having aged him only slightly; less than two weeks) he finds that the original call has been rescinded. However two other calls have gone out for more recent deaths.
Ender discovers that both calls originated from the same 'family'; the first from Novinha's daughter Ela requesting someone speak for the death of Novinha's husband Marcos, and the second from her eldest son Miro, who has asked for a speaker for the researcher Libo, who died similarly to the older xenologer.

Ender begins to investigate the Marcos figure first and so has frequent unwanted contact with Novinha's family. His honest and open approach endears him to the elder children as a father figure; it's discovered very easily that Marcos was very abusive to his wife and children. With the help of Jane and his connection with the children, he discovers multiple secrets that have been hidden away for years. However, in the process of speaking with the local religious group, the Children of the Mind monastic order on the planet, he tires of Jane's semi-sarcastic commentary and turns off his connection to her, something he has never done before. The result of this is the breaking of Jane's friendship with him, something he forever regrets. During this time, Jane, without consulting Ender, sends incriminating reports to the intersteller authorities who order the arrest of Miro and Ouanda, the researchers and lovers who have been investigating the piggies
Pequeninos
The Pequeninos , or piggies, are a fictional alien species in the Ender's Game series by Orson Scott Card. They are first introduced in the book Speaker for the Dead. The Pequeninos are written as forest-dwelling and technologically primitive, but incredibly intelligent, able to learn languages...

 most recently, and cancel the colony's charter, something which forces the colonists to eventually rely on Ender for guidance.

Ender meanwhile has been receiving pressure from the Queen's pupa to allow her to settle on this world because she has been in telepathic contact with another race. Ender assumes this race is the piggies, although the bipedal life forms that are the primary contacts of Miro and Ouanda seem very simple and not telepathic at all. After the sanctions are put in place, he gets Miro and Ouanda to allow him to visit the piggies, who have been asking to meet him, the 'original Speaker' (a claim Miro and Ouanda have been dismissing as a misunderstanding). Ender destroys many of the assumptions of the researchers when he not only admits to being the original Speaker, but has the piggies demonstrate that the trees they grow from the corpses of those who have been ritually killed are in fact their third stage of life which allows them to reproduce. The ritual killings that were done of the two xenologers were misunderstandings by the piggies, who thought the humans reproduced in a similar fashion.

After those revelations, he proceeds to do his Speaking for Marcos, where he reveals many secrets hitherto buried mostly by Novinha. Foremost among them is that Marcos was incapable of having children, and Novinha's children are all in fact the children of Libo. This is devastating news to Miro, because it means his girlfriend Ouanda is in fact his half-sister. It is around this time that the sanctions from the Intergalactic Congress are learned of. Ender recommends to the colony that they declare themselves in rebellion, and reestablishes contact with Jane who masks their ansible signal.

By the end of the book, he has entered into the beginnings of a relationship with Novinha. His sister Valentine has agreed to come to the colony. He has also planted the Queen's pupa on a far side of the planet, where there would be the first Formics in 3000 years.

Xenocide


During Xenocide
Xenocide
Xenocide is the third novel in the Ender's Game series of books by Orson Scott Card. It was nominated for both the Hugo and Locus Awards for Best Novel in 1992...

, Ender is looked to as an unofficial leader for the multiple efforts being undertaken in the rebel Colony of Lusitania. He is helping as much as he can with Novinha's work in protecting humans from the descolada virus. The Descolada is fatal to humans, but is essential for the piggies' life and reproduction. The Formics have an immune system that is advanced enough to protect them, and the humans have been using anti-viral dietary supplements, but both defenses are starting to fade in effectiveness in the face of the virus' rampant mutations. Ender is also attempting to keep the peace on planet among the three species where resentment is brewing. The humans are starting to resent the piggies for being the reason they can't just kill the descolada outright. The existence of the new Formic colony is not general knowledge, but Ender knows that their appearance and their non-human way of reasoning would cause friction with the humans. Particularly troublesome are Novinha's two youngest children; Grego, who is something of a rabble-rouser among the humans, and Quara, who sees the virus as sentient and is bringing up problematic objections to the research her mother and sister are doing. The piggies and the Formics are also worried about the approaching human fleet, which may destroy the planet if the threat of the descolada virus is unleashed on humanity.

Eventually research ordered by the government on another planet, Path, leads a young genius girl, Han Qing-jao
Han Qing-jao
Han Qing-jao is a major character in the science-fiction novel Xenocide, by Orson Scott Card. She is the sixteen-year-old daughter of Han Fei-tzu, a respected leader from the colony world of Path. Qing-jao is named for the poet Li Qingzhao.Qing-jao originally appeared in the short story...

, to deduce the existence of Jane, who is inextricably tied to the ansible
Ansible
An ansible is a hypothetical machine capable of instantaneous or superluminal communication. Ansibles occur as plot devices in science fiction literature.- Origin :The word ansible was coined by Ursula K. Le Guin in her 1966 novel, Rocannon's World...

 system. Jane reveals herself to Qing-jao in an effort to prevent her from informing the authorities by telling her that the OCD her people suffer from was governmentally ordered and orchestrated, a plea which the girl's father Han Fei-tzu and handmaiden Si Wang-mu agree with. However, the report to the authorities is dispatched regardless and the government enacts a plan to temporarily deactivate the ansible network to purge Jane from the system.
The father agrees to help with the Descolada problem regardless of his daughter's actions, in exchange for a cure for the pervasive OCD that plagues them. The Lusitanian researchers agree, but though a cure for both is designed, it proves impossible to synthesize; they can't cure the OCD without removing the genius as well, and the counter for the descolada simply won't be created. Meanwhile, putting together facts about Jane's origins, the ansible, and philotes, the irreducible building blocks of all matter everywhere, they deduce that Jane has the power to take any object she knows about in great detail and pull it outside the known universe, an area where conscious thought has a lot more power than anything else.

Ender goes on the first test flight because Jane's existence was a direct result of his time at the Battle School, where the buggers established a connection with him via a computer simulation game; therefore, Jane is most likely to be able to keep Ender's form in her mind. Since Ender has all but passed Jane off to Miro at this point, due to the previous misunderstanding in Speaker, he must go as well. Ela goes because she is the only one with enough knowledge to produce the needed viruses. The test flight occurs with unexpected side-effects. Ela produces the new viruses, but Miro also gives himself a new body, undamaged unlike his old one. Ender, however, inadvertently creates copies of his brother and sister from his memories. They are more based on those memories than reality; therefore, Valentine is very soft and loving, and Peter is almost pure evil and malice. Horrified at what he has created, Ender removes himself from further efforts, as they will all need to involve the instantaneous travel Jane can do by moving things outside and Ender will not risk creating more things like his pseudo-siblings.

Children of the Mind


In Children of the Mind
Children of the Mind
Children of the Mind is the fourth book of Orson Scott Card's popular Ender's Game series of science fiction novels that focus on the character Ender Wiggin...

, Ender is having problems with Novinha reacting from the death of Quim. Quim was a child of hers who became a missionary to the piggies
Pequeninos
The Pequeninos , or piggies, are a fictional alien species in the Ender's Game series by Orson Scott Card. They are first introduced in the book Speaker for the Dead. The Pequeninos are written as forest-dwelling and technologically primitive, but incredibly intelligent, able to learn languages...

. He was killed on a diplomatic/religious mission by a sect of piggies who were planning to spread the descolada virus across the galaxy. Novinha blames Ender for her son's death and enters the Children of the Mind of Christ monastic order. Ender eventually follows her, but begins to die shortly thereafter. It is discovered that his aiúa, something similar to his 'life force' is now split three ways: one piece inside of him, one in the Peter-clone, and one in the Valentine-clone. Since the two others are more active, being on missions trying to stop the destructive fleet and find the origin of the descolada respectively, Ender is suffering, as he is losing interest in himself. Eventually Ender's aiúa withdraws from his own and Young Val's bodies, and reposing on Peter. Ender's body crumbles away, while Young Val's body is given to Jane's aiúa from Ender's aiúa.

Ender In Exile


A book that chronicles the 'lost years' between Ender's Game and Speaker for the Dead, Ender in Exile tells of Ender's initial set-off from Eros, the long journey to the first colony, Shakespeare, as well as his trip to the Indian-dominant colony of Ganges, where Ender encounters a familiar, yet not-so-familiar face. The court martial of Hyrum Graff is expanded upon; some light is shed on Graff's life after he was made Minister of Colonization, as well as where Mazer Rackham went off to after the Formic War.

Ender's journey starts out on Eros, after he defeated the Formics, and after Peter, under the alias of Locke, has quelled the warring nations into a temporary truce.

Valentine wishes to no longer be a part of Peter and his idea to rule the world. She tries to persuade her parents to come along with her to the ship in which Ender and several others would be traveling to the colony Shakespeare with, but they decline. Valentine goes alone to keep watch over Ender and be there as a maternal figure.

Meanwhile Alessandra and her mother, Dorabella, sign-up to go on to Shakespeare (a planet) in an attempt to get away from Dorabella's mother and money problems. They had planned to be put into stasis during the two year voyage, but several complications occurred and instead they remained awake, along with the crew, Ender, Valentine, Admiral Quincy Morgan (the captain), and some other colonists who opted against stasis.

Ender has a battle of wills throughout the voyage with Admiral Morgan, who attempts to usurp Ender's lawful position as Governor of Shakespeare, believing Ender to be a foolish child no one would follow. During the voyage, Dorabella seduces Admiral Morgan and tries to use her daughter, Alessandra, to seduce Ender hoping that, through her own marriage to Morgan and Alessandras' successful marrying of Ender, Morgan could rule Shakespeare using Ender as a puppet.

Upon arrival at Shakespeare, Ender quickly and easily crushes Morgan's attempted bloodless coup, with a little help from Minister of Colonization Hyrum Graff back on earth. Ender then successfully liberates Alessandra from her dominating mother, allowing her to finally live her life for herself. After two years as Governor, and completing 'The Hive Queen and the Hegemon', Ender convinces Valentine it's time for them to move on.

Ender's first stop, at the request of Hyrum Graff, is the Hindu colony of Ganges which is governed by Virlomi, a former battle school student who caused an uprising in India before she was subdued and exiled by Peter Wiggin's Hegemony. Once there, Ender agrees to help Virlomi quell an uprising by a group called 'The Natives of Ganges', which is led by an angry young man named Randall Firth under the delusion that he is the son of Achilles de Flandres
Achilles de Flandres
Achilles de Flandres is a major character and the primary antagonist in Orson Scott Card's Shadow series . It is part of the universe created in the novel and short story Ender's Game...

. The so-called 'natives' have adopted 'The Hive Queen' as a rallying cry, and begun to turn the name of war hero Ender Wiggin into mud, coining the phrase 'Ender the Xenocide'.

Ender is able to peacefully neutralize Randall, nearly getting himself killed in the process. He reveals Randall's true parentage (two of Ender's old friends and squadron commanders, Julian 'Bean' Delphiki and Petra Arkanian Delphiki Wiggin), after which Randall renounces his secret name, Achilles, and renames himself Arkanian Delphiki. Shortly after, Ender reunites mother and son by ansible.

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