Eleotridae

Eleotridae

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Encyclopedia
"Sleeper goby" redirects here. This can also refer to the genus Valenciennea
Valenciennea
Valenciennea is a genus of small, bottom-dwelling fish from the family Gobiidae. The members of the genus tend to rest directly on the substrate for extended periods of time. While this is a common behavior for members of the family, the Valenciennea also float motionless directly above the...

of the true goby family (Gobiidae).

Sleeper gobies are members of the Eleotridae fish
Fish
Fish are a paraphyletic group of organisms that consist of all gill-bearing aquatic vertebrate animals that lack limbs with digits. Included in this definition are the living hagfish, lampreys, and cartilaginous and bony fish, as well as various extinct related groups...

 family
Family (biology)
In biological classification, family is* a taxonomic rank. Other well-known ranks are life, domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, genus, and species, with family fitting between order and genus. As for the other well-known ranks, there is the option of an immediately lower rank, indicated by the...

, found predominantly in the tropical Indo-Pacific
Indo-Pacific
The Indo-Pacific is a biogeographic region of the Earth's seas, comprising the tropical waters of the Indian Ocean, the western and central Pacific Ocean, and the seas connecting the two in the general area of Indonesia...

. There are approximately 35 genera and 150 species. While many eleotrids pass through a plankton
Plankton
Plankton are any drifting organisms that inhabit the pelagic zone of oceans, seas, or bodies of fresh water. That is, plankton are defined by their ecological niche rather than phylogenetic or taxonomic classification...

ic stage in the sea and some spend their entire lives in the sea, as adults the majority live in freshwater streams and brackish waters. They are especially important as predators in the freshwater stream ecosystems on oceanic islands such as New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand is an island country in the south-western Pacific Ocean comprising two main landmasses and numerous smaller islands. The country is situated some east of Australia across the Tasman Sea, and roughly south of the Pacific island nations of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga...

 and Hawai'i that otherwise lack the predatory fish families typical of nearby continents, such as catfish
Catfish
Catfishes are a diverse group of ray-finned fish. Named for their prominent barbels, which resemble a cat's whiskers, catfish range in size and behavior from the heaviest and longest, the Mekong giant catfish from Southeast Asia and the second longest, the wels catfish of Eurasia, to detritivores...

. Anatomically
Anatomy
Anatomy is a branch of biology and medicine that is the consideration of the structure of living things. It is a general term that includes human anatomy, animal anatomy , and plant anatomy...

 they are similar to the gobies
Goby
The gobies form the family Gobiidae, which is one of the largest families of fish, with more than 2,000 species in more than 200 genera. Most are relatively small, typically less than 10 cm in length...

 (Gobiidae), though unlike the majority of gobies, they do not have a pelvic sucker.

Like the true gobies they are generally small fish that live on the substrate, often amongst vegetation, in burrows, or in crevices within rocks and coral reefs. Although goby-like in many ways, sleeper gobies lack the pelvic fin sucker, and that, together with other morphological differences, is used to distinguish the two families. It is widely believed that the Gobiidae and Eleotridae share a common ancestor, and they are both placed in the suborder Gobioidei, along with a few other small families containing goby-like fishes.

Dormitator and Eleotris are two of the most widespread and typical genera, including a variety of species that inhabit marine, estuarine, and freshwater habitats. For example, the fat sleeper goby (Dormitator maculatus) grows to over 1 ft (30 cm) and is widely found in fresh to brackish and shallow marine waters of the southeastern United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 and Mexico
Mexico
The United Mexican States , commonly known as Mexico , is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of...

. There are some predatory sleeper gobies that get much bigger, such as the marbled sleeper goby, Oxyeleotris marmorata, a freshwater species from Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia, South-East Asia, South East Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia. The region lies on the intersection of geological plates, with heavy seismic...

 that can grow to 2 ft (60 cm) long. However, most are much smaller, such as the fresh and brackish water species from Australia like Hypseleotris spp., known locally as gudgeons (not to be confused with the Eurasian freshwater cyprinid
Cyprinid
The family Cyprinidae, from the Ancient Greek kyprînos , consists of the carps, the true minnows, and their relatives . Commonly called the carp family or the minnow family, its members are also known as cyprinids...

 Gobio gobio, also known as the gudgeon and after which the Australian sleeper gobies were likely named).

Species

  • Genus Belobranchus
    • Throat-spine gudgeon, Belobranchus belobranchus (Valenciennes
      Achille Valenciennes
      Achille Valenciennes was a French zoologist.Valenciennes was born in Paris, and studied under Georges Cuvier. Valenciennes' study of parasitic worms in humans made an important contribution to the study of parasitology...

      , 1837)
  • Genus Bostrychus
    • Bostrychus africanus (Steindachner
      Franz Steindachner
      Franz Steindachner was an Austrian zoologist.- Work and career :Being interested in natural history, Steindachner took up the study of fossil fishes on the recommendation of his friend Eduard Suess...

      , 1879)
    • Island gudgeon
      Island gudgeon
      The island gudgeon is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Indonesia....

      , Bostrychus aruensis Weber, 1911
    • Bostrychus microphthalmus Hoese & Kottelat, 2005
    • Four-eyed sleeper, Bostrychus sinensis Lacepède, 1801
    • Striped-cheek gudgeon, Bostrychus strigogenys Nichols, 1937
    • Barred gudgeon
      Barred gudgeon
      The barred gudgeon is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to West Papua in Indonesia....

      , Bostrychus zonatus Weber, 1907
  • Genus Bunaka
    • Greenback gauvina, Bunaka gyrinoides (Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1853)
    • Bunaka pinguis Herre, 1927
  • Genus Butis
    • Olive flathead-gudgeon, Butis amboinensis (Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1853)
    • Duckbill sleeper
      Duckbill sleeper
      The duckbill sleeper is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is found in Mozambique and South Africa. It normally positions itself flush with the surface, appearing horizontal, vertical and even upside down. It uses this positioning to ambushing prey.-Source:* Skelton, P. 1996. . ...

      , Butis butis (Hamilton
      Francis Buchanan-Hamilton
      Dr Francis Buchanan, later known as Francis Hamilton but often referred to as Francis Buchanan-Hamilton was a Scottish physician who made significant contributions as a geographer, zoologist, and botanist while living in India.The standard botanical author abbreviation Buch.-Ham. is applied to...

      , 1822)
    • Butis gymnopomus (Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1853)
    • Butis humeralis (Valenciennes
      Valenciennes
      Valenciennes is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.It lies on the Scheldt river. Although the city and region had seen a steady decline between 1975 and 1990, it has since rebounded...

      , 1837)
    • Mud sleeper, Butis koilomatodon (Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1849)
    • Black-spotted gudgeon, Butis melanostigma (Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1849)
  • Genus Calumia
    • Tailface sleeper, Calumia godeffroyi (Günther
      Albert C. L. G. Günther
      Albert Karl Ludwig Gotthilf Günther FRS, also Albert Charles Lewis Gotthilf Günther , was a German-born British zoologist, ichthyologist, and herpetologist....

      , 1877)
    • Calumia profunda Larson & Hoese, 1980
  • Genus Dormitator
    • Dormitator cubanus Ginsburg, 1953
    • Pacific fat sleeper, Dormitator latifrons
      Dormitator latifrons
      Dormitator latifrons, the Pacific fat sleeper, is a species of sleeper goby found on the Pacific coast from Baja California to Peru.In parts of South America, such as Manabí Province, Ecuador, it is known as chame and prized as a food fish....

      (Richardson, 1844)
    • Dormitator lebretonis (Steindachner, 1870)
    • Dormitator lophocephalus Hoedeman, 1951
    • Fat sleeper, Dormitator maculatus (Bloch
      Marcus Elieser Bloch
      Marcus Elieser Bloch was a German medical doctor and naturalist. He is generally considered one of the most important ichthyologists of the 18th century.- Life :...

      , 1792)
    • Dormitator pleurops (Boulenger
      George Albert Boulenger
      George Albert Boulenger FRS was a Belgian-British zoologist who identified over 2000 new animal species, chiefly fish, reptiles and amphibians.-Life:...

      , 1909)
  • Genus Eleotris
    Eleotris
    Eleotris is a genus of fish in the Eleotridae family.It contains the following species:* broadhead sleeper * Eleotris pellegrini* oopu * Eleotris vomerodentata...

    • Eleotris acanthopoma Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1853
    • Large-scaled spinycheek sleeper, Eleotris amblyopsis (Cope, 1871)
    • Eleotris andamensis Herre, 1939
    • Eleotris annobonensis Blanc, Cadenat & Stauch, 1968
    • Freshwater gudgeon, Eleotris aquadulcis Allen & Coates, 1990
    • Eleotris balia Jordan & Seale, 1905
    • Eleotris brachyurus Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1849
    • Eleotris daganensis Steindachner, 1870
    • Eleotris fasciatus Chen, 1964
    • Eleotris feai Thys van den Audenaerde & Tortonese, 1974
    • Dusky sleeper, Eleotris fusca (Forster, 1801)
    • Lutea sleeper, Eleotris lutea Day
      Francis Day
      Francis Day CIE was Inspector-General of Fisheries in India and Burma and an ichthyologist.He was born on 2 March 1829 Maresfield, Sussex, UK third son of William and Ann Day. He became the medical officer in the Madras Presidency, East India Company services in 1852.Francis Day was created a...

      , 1876
    • Eleotris macrocephala (Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1857)
    • Eleotris macrolepis (Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1875)
    • Eleotris margaritacea Valenciennes
      Valenciennes
      Valenciennes is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.It lies on the Scheldt river. Although the city and region had seen a steady decline between 1975 and 1990, it has since rebounded...

      , 1837
    • Widehead sleeper, Eleotris mauritianus Bennett, 1832
    • Broadhead sleeper
      Broadhead sleeper
      The broadhead sleeper is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is found in American Samoa, Fiji, French Polynesia, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Maldives, Mozambique, New Caledonia, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Samoa, South Africa, Taiwan, and...

      , Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1852
    • Eleotris melanura Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1849
    • Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel, 1845
    • Eleotris pellegrini
      Eleotris pellegrini
      Eleotris pellegrini is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitats are rivers and estuarine waters. It is threatened by habitat loss.-Source:...

      Maugé, 1984
    • Smallscaled spinycheek sleeper, Eleotris perniger (Cope, 1871)
    • Spotted sleeper, Eleotris picta Kner, 1863
    • Spinycheek sleeper, Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin, 1789)
    • Eleotris pseudacanthopomus Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1853
    • Sandwich Island sleeper or oopu
      Oopu
      Eleotris sandwicensis, commonly known as the Sandwich Island Sleeper or Hawaiian Sleeper, is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. In the Hawaiian language, the fish is also known as oopu, oau, owau, and hiu kole.-References:* Gimenez Dixon, M. 1996. ....

      , Eleotris sandwicensis Vaillant
      Léon Vaillant
      Léon Louis Vaillant was a French zoologist. He is most famous for his work in the areas of herpetology, malacology, and ichthyology...

       & Sauvage, 1875
    • Eleotris senegalensis Steindachner, 1870
    • Eleotris soaresi Playfair, 1867
    • Eleotris tecta Bussing, 1996
    • Eleotris tubularis Heller & Snodgrass, 1903
    • Eleotris vittata Duméril, 1861
    • Eleotris vomerodentata
      Eleotris vomerodentata
      Eleotris vomerodentata is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitat is rivers.-Source:...

      Maugé, 1984
  • Genus Erotelis
    • Erotelis armiger Jordan & Richardson, 1895
    • Erotelis shropshirei Hildebrand, 1938
    • Emerald sleeper, Erotelis smaragdus Valenciennes
      Valenciennes
      Valenciennes is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.It lies on the Scheldt river. Although the city and region had seen a steady decline between 1975 and 1990, it has since rebounded...

      , 1837
  • Genus Gobiomorphus
    • Tarndale bully
      Tarndale bully
      The Tarndale bully, Gobiomorphus alpinus, is a sleeper of the genus Gobiomorphus, found only in the headwaters of the Clarence and Wairau Rivers in New Zealand.-References: Listed as Vulnerable *...

      , Gobiomorphus alpinus Stokell
      Gerald Stokell
      Gerald Stokell was a New Zealand amateur ichthyologist.-Early life:Stokell was born at Prebbleton, near Christchurch, New Zealand, on 20 June 1890 to Edmund Stokell and Jane . He lived there for his whole life...

      , 1962
    • Striped gudgeon, Gobiomorphus australis (Krefft, 1864)
    • Cran's bully
      Cran's bully
      The Cran's bully, Gobiomorphus breviceps, is a sleeper of the genus Gobiomorphus, found in most rivers in the North Island of New Zealand. Their length is up to 9 cm.-References:*...

      , Gobiomorphus basalis (Gray, 1842)
    • Upland bully
      Upland bully
      The upland bully, Gobiomorphus breviceps, is a sleeper of the genus Gobiomorphus, found in most rivers and lakes in the South Island and the southern half of the North Island of New Zealand. Their length is up to 8 cm.-References:*...

      , Gobiomorphus breviceps (Stokell
      Gerald Stokell
      Gerald Stokell was a New Zealand amateur ichthyologist.-Early life:Stokell was born at Prebbleton, near Christchurch, New Zealand, on 20 June 1890 to Edmund Stokell and Jane . He lived there for his whole life...

      , 1939)
    • Common bully
      Common bully
      The common bully, Gobiomorphus cotidianus, is a sleeper of the genus Gobiomorphus, found in New Zealand. Their length is up to 15 cm.-References:*...

      , Gobiomorphus cotidianus McDowall, 1975
    • Cox's gudgeon, Gobiomorphus coxii (Krefft, 1864)
    • Giant bully
      Giant bully
      The giant bully, Gobiomorphus gobioides, is a sleeper of the genus Gobiomorphus, found in slow flowing streams within a few kilometres of the coast of the North and South Islands of New Zealand...

      , Gobiomorphus gobioides (Valenciennes
      Valenciennes
      Valenciennes is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.It lies on the Scheldt river. Although the city and region had seen a steady decline between 1975 and 1990, it has since rebounded...

      , 1837)
    • Bluegilled bully
      Bluegilled bully
      The bluegill bully, Gobiomorphus hubbsi, is a sleeper of the genus Gobiomorphus, found in most rivers in the North and South Islands of New Zealand. Their length is up to 10 cm.-References:*...

      , Gobiomorphus hubbsi (Stokell
      Gerald Stokell
      Gerald Stokell was a New Zealand amateur ichthyologist.-Early life:Stokell was born at Prebbleton, near Christchurch, New Zealand, on 20 June 1890 to Edmund Stokell and Jane . He lived there for his whole life...

      , 1959)
    • Redfinned bully
      Redfinned bully
      The redfinned bully, Gobiomorphus huttoni, is a sleeper of the genus Gobiomorphus, found in rivers in New Zealand and the Chatham Islands. Their length is up to 12 cm.-References:*...

      , Gobiomorphus huttoni (Ogilby, 1894)
  • Genus Gobiomorus
    • Bigmouth sleeper, Gobiomorus dormitor Lacepède, 1800
    • Gobiomorus lateralis (Gill, 1860)
    • Pacific sleeper, Gobiomorus maculatus (Günther, 1859)
    • Finescale sleeper, Gobiomorus polylepis Ginsburg, 1953
  • Genus Grahamichthys
    • Graham's gudgeon
      Graham's gudgeon
      Graham's gudgeon, Grahamichthys radiata, is a New Zealand sleeper of the family Eleotridae, the only member of the genus Grahamichthys.-References:...

      , Grahamichthys radiata Valenciennes
      Valenciennes
      Valenciennes is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.It lies on the Scheldt river. Although the city and region had seen a steady decline between 1975 and 1990, it has since rebounded...

      , 1837
  • Genus Guavina
    • Guavina, Guavina guavina (Valenciennes
      Valenciennes
      Valenciennes is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.It lies on the Scheldt river. Although the city and region had seen a steady decline between 1975 and 1990, it has since rebounded...

      , 1837)
    • Guavina micropus Ginsburg, 1953
  • Genus Hemieleotris
    • Pygmy sleeper, Hemieleotris latifasciata (Meek & Hildebrand, 1912)
    • Hemieleotris levis Eigenmann, 1918
  • Genus Hypseleotris
    Hypseleotris
    Hypseleotris is a genus of fish in the Eleotridae family.It contains the following species:* Golden gudgeon * Hypseleotris barrawayi* Golden sleeper * Slender gudgeon...

    • Hypseleotris agilis Herre, 1927
    • Golden gudgeon
      Golden gudgeon
      The golden gudgeon is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Australia.-References:* Wager, R. 1996. . Downloaded on 4 August 2007....

      , Hypseleotris aurea (Shipway, 1950)
    • Hypseleotris bipartita Herre, 1927
    • Empire gudgeon, Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft, 1864)
    • Hypseleotris compressocephalus (Chen, 1985)
    • Tropical carp-gudgeon, Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes
      Valenciennes
      Valenciennes is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.It lies on the Scheldt river. Although the city and region had seen a steady decline between 1975 and 1990, it has since rebounded...

      , 1837)
    • Golden sleeper
      Golden sleeper
      The golden sleeper is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to South Africa.This fish has a very limited distribution in estuaries along the coast of KwaZulu-Natal. It is threatened by habitat destruction and pollution...

      , Hypseleotris dayi Smith, 1950
    • Slender gudgeon
      Slender gudgeon
      The slender gudgeon is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Australia.-Source:* Wager, R. 1996. . Downloaded on 4 August 2007....

      , Hypseleotris ejuncida Hoese & Allen, 1982
    • Hypseleotris everetti (Boulenger, 1895)
    • Firetailed gudgeon, Hypseleotris galii (Ogilby, 1898)
    • Hypseleotris guentheri (Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1875)
    • Barnett River gudgeon
      Barnett River gudgeon
      The Barnett River gudgeon is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Australia.-Source:* Wager, R. 1996. . Downloaded on 4 August 2007....

      , Hypseleotris kimberleyensis Hoese & Allen, 1982
    • Western carp gudgeon
      Western Carp Gudgeon
      The western carp gudgeon, Hypseleotris klunzingeri, is a carp gudgeon of the Eleotridae family. Carp gudgeons are small perciform fish found in the Australian Murray-Darling river system, mainly in lowland environments, but some have been observed in upland environments...

      , Hypseleotris klunzingeri (Ogilby, 1898)
    • Hypseleotris leuciscus (Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1853)
    • Hypseleotris pangel Herre, 1927
    • Prince Regent gudgeon
      Prince Regent gudgeon
      The Prince Regent gudgeon is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Australia.-Source:* Wager, R. 1996. . Downloaded on 4 August 2007....

      , Hypseleotris regalis Hoese & Allen, 1982
    • Hypseleotris tohizonae
      Hypseleotris tohizonae
      Hypseleotris tohizonae is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitat is rivers.-References:...

      (Steindachner, 1880)
  • Genus Incara
    • Incara multisquamatus Rao, 1871
  • Genus Kimberleyeleotris
    Kimberleyeleotris
    Kimberleyeleotris is a genus of fish in the Eleotridae family.It contains the following species:* Mitchell gudgeon * Drysdale gudgeon...

    • Mitchell gudgeon
      Mitchell gudgeon
      The Mitchell gudgeon is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Australia.-Source:* Wager, R. 1996. . Downloaded on 4 August 2007....

      , Kimberleyeleotris hutchinsi Hoese & Allen, 1987
    • Drysdale gudgeon
      Drysdale gudgeon
      The Drysdale Gudgeon is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Australia.-Source:* Wager, R. 1996. . Downloaded on 4 August 2007....

      , Kimberleyeleotris notata Hoese & Allen, 1987
  • Genus Kribia
    • Kribia kribensis (Boulenger, 1907)
    • Kribia leonensis (Boulenger, 1916)
    • Kribia nana (Boulenger, 1901)
    • Kribia uellensis (Boulenger, 1913)
  • Genus Leptophilypnus
    • Leptophilypnus fluviatilis Meek & Hildebrand, 1916
    • Leptophilypnus guatemalensis Thacker & Pezold, 2006.
    • Leptophilypnus mindii (Meek & Hildebrand, 1916)
  • Genus Microphilypnus
    • Microphilypnus amazonicus Myers
      George S. Myers
      Dr. George Sprague Myers spent most of his career at Stanford University, where he was one of the leading American ichthyologists of the twentieth century. He served as the editor of Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin as well as president of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists...

      , 1927
    • Microphilypnus macrostoma Myers, 1927
    • Microphilypnus ternetzi Myers, 1927
  • Genus Milyeringa
    Milyeringa
    Milyeringa is a genus of blind cave-fish from Australia, of uncertain family placement within Gobioidei, but currently tentatively retained in its own family Milyeringidae .It contains the following species:* Milyeringa brooksi...

    • Blind gudgeon
      Blind gudgeon
      The blind gudgeon is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to cave and groundwater in Australia. It is therefore a form of Stygofauna. It is listed as vulnerable under the Australian Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.-Sources:* Wager, R. 1996. . ...

      , Milyeringa veritas Whitley, 1945
  • Genus Mogurnda
    Mogurnda
    Mogurnda is a genus of freshwater fish in the Eleotridae family found in eastern and northern Australia and Papua New Guinea.It contains the following species:* black mogurnda * Kokoda mogurnda...

    • Purple-spotted gudgeon, Mogurnda adspersa (Castelnau
      François Louis de la Porte, comte de Castelnau
      François Louis Nompar de Caumont LaPorte, comte de Castelnau was a French naturalist, known also as François Laporte or Francis de Castelnau.-Life:Born in London, he studied natural history in Paris...

      , 1878)
    • Mogurnda aiwasoensis Allen & Renyaan, 1996
    • Northern mogurnda, Mogurnda aurifodinae Whitley, 1938
    • Banded mogurnda, Mogurnda cingulata Allen & Hoese, 1991
    • Flinders ranges mogurnda
      Flinders Ranges mogurnda
      The Flinders Ranges mogurnda or Flinders Ranges purple spotted gudgeon, Mogurnda clivicola, also known as the Barcoo, or Bulloo mogurnda, is a Central Australian gudgeon of the Eleotridae family.-Distribution:...

      , Mogurnda clivicola Allen & Jenkins, 1999
    • Black mogurnda
      Black mogurnda
      The black mogurnda is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitat is freshwater lakes.-References:* Allen, G. 1996. . Downloaded on 4 August 2007....

      , Mogurnda furva Allen & Hoese, 1986
    • Mogurnda kaifayama Allen & Jenkins, 1999
    • Lake Kutubu mogurnda, Mogurnda kutubuensis Allen & Hoese, 1986
    • Desert mogurnda, Mogurnda larapintae (Zietz, 1896)
    • Kokoda mogurnda
      Kokoda mogurnda
      The Kokoda mogurnda is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Papua New Guinea.-References:* Allen, G. 1996. . Downloaded on 4 August 2007....

      , Mogurnda lineata Allen & Hoese, 1991
    • Mogurnda maccuneae Jenkins, Buston & Allen, 2000
    • Mogurnda magna Allen & Renyaan, 1996
    • Mogurnda malsmithi Allen & Jebb, 1993
    • Mogurnda mbuta Allen & Jenkins, 1999
    • Northern trout gudgeon, Mogurnda mogurnda (Richardson, 1844)
    • Mogurnda mosa Jenkins, Buston & Allen, 2000
    • Yellowbelly gudgeon, Mogurnda nesolepis (Weber, 1907)
    • Kimberley mogurnda, Mogurnda oligolepis Allen & Jenkins, 1999
    • Eastern mogurnda
      Eastern mogurnda
      The eastern mogurnda is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Papua New Guinea.-References:* Allen, G. 1996. . Downloaded on 4 August 2007....

      , Mogurnda orientalis Allen & Hoese, 1991
    • Mogurnda pardalis Allen & Renyaan, 1996
    • Moresby mogurnda, Mogurnda pulchra Horsthemke & Staeck, 1990
    • Blotched mogurnda
      Blotched mogurnda
      The blotched mogurnda is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Lake Kutubu in the Kikori River system, Papua New Guinea....

      , Mogurnda spilota Allen & Hoese, 1986
    • Dalhousie mogurnda, Mogurnda thermophila Allen & Jenkins, 1999
    • Variegated mogurnda
      Variegated mogurnda
      The variegated mogurnda is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Lake Kutubu in the Kikori River system, Papua New Guinea....

      , Mogurnda variegata Nichols, 1951
    • Striped mogurnda
      Striped mogurnda
      The striped mogurnda is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitat is freshwater lakes.-Source:* Allen, G. 1996. . Downloaded on 4 August 2007....

      , Mogurnda vitta Allen & Hoese, 1986
    • Mogurnda wapoga Allen, Jenkins & Renyaan, 1999
  • Genus Odonteleotris
    • Odonteleotris canina Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1849
    • Odonteleotris macrodon Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1854
  • Genus Ophieleotris
    • Snakehead gudgeon, Ophieleotris aporos (Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1854)
  • Genus Ophiocara
    • Ophiocara macrolepidota (Bloch, 1792)
    • Northern mud gudgeon, Ophiocara porocephala (Valenciennes
      Valenciennes
      Valenciennes is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.It lies on the Scheldt river. Although the city and region had seen a steady decline between 1975 and 1990, it has since rebounded...

      , 1837)
  • Genus Oxyeleotris
    Oxyeleotris
    Oxyeleotris is a genus of fish in the Eleotridae family.It contains the following four species:* Fimbriate gudgeon * Paniai gudgeon * Sleepy cod...

    • Oxyeleotris altipinna Allen & Renyaan, 1996
    • Aru gudgeon, Oxyeleotris aruensis (Weber, 1911)
    • Oxyeleotris caeca Allen, 1996
    • Oxyeleotris expatria
      Oxyeleotris expatria
      Oxyeleotris expatria is a freshwater sleeper goby from the family Eleotridae. It is endemic to a single lake in the Philippines.-Anatomy and morphology:...

      (Herre, 1927)
    • Fimbriate gudgeon
      Fimbriate gudgeon
      The Fimbriate gudgeon is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family....

      , Oxyeleotris fimbriata (Weber, 1907)
    • Blackbanded gauvina, Oxyeleotris herwerdenii (Weber, 1910)
    • Sentani gudgeon, Oxyeleotris heterodon (Weber, 1907)
    • Sleepy cod
      Sleepy cod
      The sleepy cod, Oxyeleotris lineolatus, is a medium-sized freshwater fish, native to tropical regions of northern Australia.Sleepy cod generally weigh up to 3 kg. They are very common in waterways across northern Australia. They are plain brown coloured fishes. They are sedentary in nature...

      , Oxyeleotris lineolata (Steindachner, 1867)
    • Marble goby
      Marble goby
      Oxyeleotris marmorata, the marbled sleeper or marbled gudgeon, is a widely distributed species of freshwater fish. It lives in the Mekong and Chao Praya basins, rivers and other water bodies in Malaysia, Singapore, Indochina, Philippines and Indonesia...

      , Oxyeleotris marmorata (Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1852)
    • Poreless gudgeon, Oxyeleotris nullipora Roberts, 1978
    • Fewpored gudgeon, Oxyeleotris paucipora Roberts, 1978
    • Giant gudgeon, Oxyeleotris selheimi (Macleay, 1884)
    • Oxyeleotris siamensis (Günther, 1861)
    • Oxyeleotris urophthalmoides (Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1853)
    • Oxyeleotris urophthalmus (Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker
      Pieter Bleeker was a Dutch medical doctor and ichthyologist, famous for his work on the fishes of East Asia – Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises – which was published 1862–1877....

      , 1851)
    • Paniai gudgeon
      Paniai gudgeon
      The Paniai gudgeon is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to West Papuain Indonesia.-References:* Allen, G. 1996. . Downloaded on 4 August 2007....

      , Oxyeleotris wisselensis Allen & Boeseman, 1982
  • Genus Parviparma
    • Parviparma straminea Herre, 1927
  • Genus Philypnodon
    • Flathead gudgeon, Philypnodon grandiceps (Krefft, 1864)
    • Philypnodon macrostomus Hoese & Reader, 2006.
  • Genus Philypnus
    • Philypnus macrolepis Wu & Ni, 1986
  • Genus Pogoneleotris
    • Pogoneleotris heterolepis (Günther, 1869)
  • Genus Prionobutis
    • Prionobutis dasyrhynchus (Günther, 1868)
    • Small-eyed loter, Prionobutis microps (Weber, 1907)
  • Genus Ratsirakia
    Ratsirakia
    Ratsirakia is a genus of fish in the Eleotridae family.It contains the following species:* Ratsirakia legendrei...

    • Ratsirakia legendrei
      Ratsirakia legendrei
      Ratsirakia legendrei is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitat is rivers.-Source:...

      (Pellegrin
      Jacques Pellegrin
      Jacques Pellegrin was a French zoologist.Pellegrin was born in Paris, and studied natural history. In 1894 he became assistant chairman of zoology at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, replacing Léon Vaillant .He got his doctorates in medicine and science...

      , 1919)
  • Genus Tateurndina
    • Tateurndina ocellicauda Nichols, 1955
  • Genus Thalasseleotris
    • Marine gudgeon, Thalasseleotris adela Hoese & Larson, 1987
  • Genus Typhleotris
    Typhleotris
    Typhleotris is a genus of fish in the Eleotridae family.It contains the following species:* Typhleotris madgascarensis* Typhleotris pauliani...

    • Typhleotris madagascariensis Petit, 1933
    • Typhleotris pauliani
      Typhleotris pauliani
      Typhleotris pauliani is a species of fish in the Eleotridae family. It is endemic to Madagascar. Its natural habitat is inland karsts. It is threatened by habitat loss.-References:...

      Arnoult, 1959