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Elektrostal known as Zatishye until 1938, is a city in Moscow Oblast
Moscow Oblast
Moscow Oblast , or Podmoskovye , is a federal subject of Russia . Its area, at , is relatively small compared to other federal subjects, but it is one of the most densely populated regions in the country and, with the 2010 population of 7,092,941, is the second most populous federal subject...

, Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

, located 58 kilometres (36 mi) east of Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

. Population: 135,000 (1977); 123,000 (1970); 97,000 (1959); 43,000 (1939). Town status was granted to it in 1938.


Elektrostal is a center of metallurgy
Metallurgy is a domain of materials science that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their intermetallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys. It is also the technology of metals: the way in which science is applied to their practical use...

 and heavy machinery manufacturing. Major companies include:
  • Elektrostal metallurgical factory
  • Elektrostal chemical-mechanical factory
  • Elektrostal Heavy Machine Building Plant, JSC is a designer and manufacturer of equipment for producing seamless hot-rolled, cold-rolled and welded steel materials and metallurgical equipment.
  • MSZ, also known as , Russia's largest producer of fuel rod assemblies for nuclear power plants, which are exported to many countries in Europe.
  • The Powerline Ekibastuz-Kokshetau
    Powerline Ekibastuz-Kokshetau
    The Ekibastuz–Kokshetau is a power transmission line in Kazakhstan. It runs at 1,150 kV and holds the record for having the highest operating transmission voltage in the world....

     connects Elektrostal to the GRES-2 Power Station
    GRES-2 Power Station
    The GRES-2 Power Station is a coal-fueled power generating station in Ekibastuz, Kazakhstan. GRES-2, built in 1987, has installed capacity of 1,000 MWe and has the world's tallest flue gas stack at high. The chimney is about taller than the Inco Superstack in Sudbury, Canada. Locals refer to it...

     in Ekibastuz
    Ekibastuz is a town in Pavlodar Province, northeastern Kazakhstan. it had a population of 141,000. It is served by Ekibastuz Airport.-History:...

    . The power-line was designed for 1150 kV but currently only operates at 400 kV over the section Kokshetau—Elektrostal.

The 9th radio center
9th radio centre of Moscow
The 9th radio centre of Moscow is a high power medium wave broadcasting facility at Elektrostal near Moscow. Its broadcasting frequency is 873 kHz with a transmission power of up to 1200 kilowatts....

 in Elektrostal is home to a high power medium wave transmitter.

The first S-400 Triumf
The S-400 Triumf is a new generation anti-aircraft weapon system developed by Russia's Almaz Central Design Bureau as an upgrade of the S-300 family. It is currently in limited service with the Russian Armed Forces....

 missile defense system was deployed at Elektrostal, becoming fully operational on July 1, 2007.


Elektrostal is linked by a suburban electric train
Elektrichka is an informal word for elektropoyezd , a Soviet or post-Soviet regional electrical multiple unit passenger train. Elektrichkas are widespread in Russia, Ukraine and other countries of the former Soviet Union....

 to Moscow's Kursky Rail Terminal
Kursky Rail Terminal
Kursky Rail Terminal is one of the nine rail terminals in Moscow. It was built in 1896.There are currently plans in the pipeline to completely rebuild or refurbish the Kursky Rail Terminal.-Long distance from Moscow:-Long distance via Moscow:...

 with a travel time of 1 hour and 20 minutes. Long distance buses link Elektrostal to Noginsk
Noginsk is a town and the administrative center of Noginsky District of Moscow Oblast, Russia, located east of the MKAD ring road on the Klyazma River. Population:...

, Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

 and other nearby towns. Local public transport includes buses and trolleybuses.


The city ice hockey team Kristall Elektrostal
Kristall Elektrostal
Kristall Elektrostal is an ice hockey team in Elektrostal, Russia. They play in the Pervaya Liga, the third level of Russian ice hockey.-History:The club was created as Khimik Elektrostal in 1949...

 was established in 1949 and plays in the Russian Major League.

People from Elektrostal

  • Yevgeni Malkov
    Yevgeni Malkov
    Yevgeni Yuryevich Malkov is a Russian football player. Currently, he plays for FC Vityaz Podolsk. He made his debut in the Russian Premier League in 2008 for FC Saturn Moscow Oblast.-External links: -References:...

     - Footballer
  • Anastasia Pozdniakova
    Anastasia Pozdniakova
    Anastasia Urevna Pozdniakova is a Russian diver. Pozdniakova competed in the 2008 Summer Olympics and won a silver medal with her partner Yuliya Pakhalina in the 3m Synchronized Springboard....

     - olympic diver
  • Vitali Proshkin
    Vitali Proshkin
    Vitali Proshkin is a Russian professional ice hockey defender. He currently plays for Salavat Yulaev Ufa as the team captain.-Honours:*Russian championship: 2000, 2006, 2007*European Champions Cup: 2007...

     - ice hockey player
  • Vladimir Zharkov
    Vladimir Zharkov
    Vladimir Aleksandrovich Zharkov is a Russian ice hockey right winger who is currently playing with the New Jersey Devils in the NHL. He was selected by the New Jersey Devils in the 3rd round of the 2006 NHL Entry Draft....

     - ice hockey player http://devils.nhl.com/club/player.htm?id=8473592
  • Nikolay Vtorov
    Nikolay Vtorov
    Nikolay Alexandrovich Vtorov was a Russian businessman, notable as Russia's wealthiest man on the eve of World War I ....

     - Russian Industrialist lived near the city and founded many factories there
  • Ivan Sergeyevich Kuznetsov
    Ivan Sergeyevich Kuznetsov
    Ivan Sergeyevich Kuznetsov was a Russian architect primarily known for his pre-1917 works in Moscow, Moscow suburbs, and Vichuga. Born into a working-class family, Kuznetsov independently broke into the elite architecture society of Moscow. He worked in many different styles, but was most...

     was city architect
  • Vyacheslav Zudov
    Vyacheslav Zudov
    Vyacheslav Dmitriyevich Zudov was a USSR cosmonaut.He was selected as a cosmonaut on October 23, 1965, flew as Commander on Soyuz 23 on October 14–16, 1976 and retired on May 14, 1987.Vyacheslav Zudov is married and has two children.-References:...

    , Cosmonaut, grew up in Elektrostal

Twin towns/sister cities

Elektrostal is twinned
Town twinning
Twin towns and sister cities are two of many terms used to describe the cooperative agreements between towns, cities, and even counties in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.- Terminology :...

 with: Pernik
Pernik is a city in western Bulgaria with a population of 81,052 . It is the main city of Pernik Province and lies on both banks of the Struma River in the Pernik Valley between the Viskyar, Vitosha and Golo Bardo mountains.Originally the site of a Thracian fortress founded in the 4th century BC,...

, Bulgaria
Bulgaria , officially the Republic of Bulgaria , is a parliamentary democracy within a unitary constitutional republic in Southeast Europe. The country borders Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, as well as the Black Sea to the east...

 Polotsk, Belarus
Belarus , officially the Republic of Belarus, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered clockwise by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest. Its capital is Minsk; other major cities include Brest, Grodno , Gomel ,...