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[[Image:Eiker kart.png|thumb|Eiker as a municipality, ie, pre-1885]]
[[Image:Fiskum gamle kirke.jpg|thumb|right|Fiskum medieval stone church
Eiker, Buskerud, Norway]]
'''Eiker''' is a [[Districts of Norway|traditional district]] in the [[counties of Norway|county]] of [[Buskerud]], [[Norway]].
Eiker consists of the [[municipalities of Norway|municipalities]] of [[Nedre Eiker]] and [[Øvre Eiker]] (English: "Lower" and "Upper Eiker"). The area is located in the southern part of Buskerud county.
Eiker is an agricultural area with a long history. The area was first inhabited around 8000 BC. During the early [[Viking Age]], Eiker was the western extension of the kingdom of [[Vingulmark]]. Somewhat later, it became part of the kingdom of [[Vestfold]].
The parish of ''Eker'' was established as a municipality on January 1, 1838 (see [[formannskapsdistrikt]]). It was divided into [[Nedre Eiker]] and [[Øvre Eiker]] on July 1, 1885.
The [[Old Norse]] form of the name was ''Eikjar''. The name is the plural form of ''eiki'' which means "oak wood".
*''Fiskum Old Church'' (Ringerike-Drammen District Lag. Volume 24, No.1, February 2010)