Edmund Meredith Shackelford
(September 26, 1786 – March 1, 1857) was an American Brigadier General.
Military & Civilian Career
Edmund Shackelford was a 2nd Lieutenant in the War of 1812. He served in the Georgia militia from August 23, 1812 through March 6, 1814. He served in Capt. William E. Adams' Company of Riflemen in Major William Alexander's Rifle Battalion. On 19 September 1813 he was promoted to Brigade Inspector. In Pickett's History of Alabama on page 559, Shackelford is called a Brigadier General. However, his proper rank of Lieutenant is reflected in a letter to sisters Ann and Frances, and it is believed the assignation of General is revisionist based upon his later career in the area's Indian conflicts.
Shackelford served under General Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson was the seventh President of the United States . Based in frontier Tennessee, Jackson was a politician and army general who defeated the Creek Indians at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend , and the British at the Battle of New Orleans...
, later 7th President of the United States, at the Battle of New Orleans
The Battle of New Orleans took place on January 8, 1815 and was the final major battle of the War of 1812. American forces, commanded by Major General Andrew Jackson, defeated an invading British Army intent on seizing New Orleans and the vast territory the United States had acquired with the...
in January 1815. He continued serving with Jackson in the Indian wars in what was then America's frontier, and now Alabama and Florida, including the Battle of Horseshoe Bend
The Battle of Horseshoe Bend , was fought during the War of 1812 in central Alabama...
and the Battle of Pensacola.
Shackelford moved to Alabama by 1828, by which time he was a General in the Alabama militia. From 1831-1837 he was Sheriff of Autauga County, Alabama. During the 1836 Indian Wars along the Chattahoochee River, he worked with Generals Winfield Scott
Winfield Scott was a United States Army general, and unsuccessful presidential candidate of the Whig Party in 1852....
and Thomas Jesup
Brigadier General Thomas Sidney Jesup, USA was an American military officer known as the "Father of the Modern Quartermaster Corps". He was born in Berkeley County, West Virginia. He began his military career in 1808, and served in the War of 1812, seeing action in the battles of Chippewa and...
. Notably, when General Scott was recalled to Washington in 1836 due to controversies over his leadership during the 2nd Seminole War, General Shackelford was in charge until General Jesup arrived later in the year to assume command.
In 1845, the year Andrew Jackson died, Shackelford wrote to him as a result of the continuing political controversies surrounding General Winfield Scott's removal from command. As Scott was soon to become the popular hero of the Mexican War, Shackelford's concerns seem justified:
- General Andrew Jackson, Hermitage, Near Nashville, Tennessee.
- Nashville, Tennessee
- May 30th 1845
- You are no doubt aware of the charges made against me for several years
- past of having by a course of intrigue obtained the Command of the Army in the
- Creek War in 1828 and of having in the same way caused the removal of General Scott
- from the command of that army, and also from the direction of affairs in Florida.
- These charges I understand have been recently revived. To put them down
- I have to appeal to you for a statement of facts as you know them to have existed
- at the time, as well in regard to my being placed in Command, as to the removal of
- General Scott after he had the command. I therefore respectfully request you to
- state whether you did not, yourself, designate me for the Command of the Army
- employed against the Creeks without consulting me, and without solicitation on my
- part or that of my friends on my behalf.
- Whether General Scott was removed by your order from the Command of that Army
- as consequence of any influence used or attempted to be used by me, or in consequence
- of his own acts, as admitted in his official reports, and which acts you disapproved,
- and whether I had any agency in his removal from the direction of affairs in Florida.
- I regret, General, this to be compelled to trouble you. With my personal affairs
- in the present state of your health, but there is no other recourse left me for the
- defense of my reputation against the reiterated of my enemies.
- With the highest Consideration
- And regards I am,
- Your Obliged Servant,
- /s/ General SHACKELFORD
Shackelford was born in Hancock County, Georgia on September 26, 1786. He was one of ten children of John Shackelford (1736–1800), a soldier in the Revolutionary War, and Frances Wade Butler (1736-unknown). He is a descendant of the large Roger Shackelford family that immigrated to Virginia before 1678. Edmund Shackelford married Rebecca Power Brodnax in 1814. These Shackelfords and Brodnax families were pioneers of Georgia and Alabama. They had four children.
Gen. Shackelford's home in Autauga County, Alabama is now known as the community of Kingston, Alabama.
Shackelford died in Leon County, Florida. It is believed he was on one of his plantations there. The body was shipped back home, and he was buried in Old Town Cemetery, Autauga County, Alabama.