is a global diversified power management company with 2010 sales of $13.7 billion. The company is a leading provider of electrical components and systems for power quality, distribution and control; hydraulics components, systems and services for industrial and mobile equipment; aerospace fuel, hydraulics and pneumatic systems for commercial and military use; and truck and automotive drivetrain and powertrain systems for performance, fuel economy and safety. Eaton has approximately 73,000 employees and sells products to customers in more than 150 countries.
In 1911 Joseph O. Eaton, brother-in-law Henning O. Taube and Viggo V. Torbensen incorporated the Torbensen Gear and Axle Co. in Bloomfield, New Jersey
Bloomfield is a township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township population was 47,315. It surrounds the Bloomfield Green Historic District.-History:...
. With financial backing from Torbensen's mother, the company was set to manufacture Torbensen's patented internal-gear truck axle. In 1914, the company moved to Cleveland, Ohio
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and is the county seat of Cuyahoga County, the most populous county in the state. The city is located in northeastern Ohio on the southern shore of Lake Erie, approximately west of the Pennsylvania border...
, to be closer to its core business, the automotive industry.
In 1916 The Torbensen Axle Company was incorporated in Ohio, succeeding the New Jersey corporation. A year later, Republic Truck Company, Torbensen's largest customer, bought out the company. But, Eaton and Torbensen were not content and bowed out of Republic to form the Eaton Axle Company in 1919. A year later, in 1920, Eaton Axle Company merged with Standard Parts. Standard Parts went in receivership later the same year and was later liquidated. In 1923, Eaton bought the Torbensen Axle Co. back from Republic and changed the name to the Eaton Axle and Spring Company.
Eaton officers believed the quickest way to grow the business was through acquisitions and began buying companies in the automotive industry, By 1932, the diversified company changed its name to Eaton Manufacturing Company. In 1937, Eaton went international with a manufacturing plant in Canada. The company name changed once again in 1966 to Eaton Yale & Towne, Inc. after the acquisition of Yale & Towne Manufacturing Co. in 1963. Stockholders approved the change to the company's current name in 1971. Eaton Corp. continues its founder's "philosophy" of growth through acquisition along with divesting businesses that no longer fit the corporate vision. In 1978, Eaton Corporation acquired Samuel Moore & Company, Kenway Systems and Cutler-Hammer
Eaton Corporation is based in the Eaton Center
The Eaton Center is a skyscraper in downtown Cleveland, Ohio. The building has 28 stories and rises to a height of 356 ft . The structure, was one of the structures that expanded Cleveland's central business district eastward in the early-1980s building boom in the city.The decision for Eaton...
, its 28-story office tower in downtown Cleveland
Downtown Cleveland is the central business district of the City of Cleveland and Northeast Ohio. Reinvestment in the area in the mid-1990s spurred a rebirth that continues to this day, with over $2 billion in residential and commercial developments slated for the area over the next few years...
. From 1920s-1964 Eaton was based on East 140th Street. In 1964, Eaton moved its headquarters into the new Erieview Tower
The Erieview Tower is a skyscraper located in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, USA. The building has 40 stories, rises to a height of 529 ft , and has of office space...
from 1964–1984. In 1983, Eaton Corporation moved into its new tower. Construction of the new corporate headquarters -- a 580,000 square foot facility in Beachwood, Ohio -- is currently underway, with projected completion scheduled for late 2012.
Eaton Corporation is divided into five businesses: Aerospace, Automotive, Electrical, Hydraulics and Truck. Eaton spun off its semiconductor manufacturing equipment business as Axcelis Technologies
Axcelis Technologies, Inc. engages in the design, manufacture, and servicing of capital equipment for the semiconductor manufacturing industry worldwide...
These divisions are spread over the world. In 2003 Eaton's Electrical Distribution and Control business(formerly known as Cutler-Hammer) acquired the European Delta PLC's electrical division (which held the following brands: HOLEC
, M E M
Westinghouse may refer to:In current companies:*Westinghouse Licensing, the brand management division of CBS Corporation, and its licensees:**Westinghouse Electric Company LLC, providing nuclear power related services....
}) to acquire manufacturing to IEC
The International Electrotechnical Commission is a non-profit, non-governmental international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology"...
standards, one of the steps to become a global company and develop a worldwide standard.
Not too long after that acquisition, Eaton agreed to a joint venture
A joint venture is a business agreement in which parties agree to develop, for a finite time, a new entity and new assets by contributing equity. They exercise control over the enterprise and consequently share revenues, expenses and assets...
with Caterpillar Inc.
Caterpillar Inc. , also known as "CAT", designs, manufactures, markets and sells machinery and engines and sells financial products and insurance to customers via a worldwide dealer network. Caterpillar is the world's largest manufacturer of construction and mining equipment, diesel and natural gas...
and purchased more than half of I & S operations (now known as Intelligent Switchgear Organization, LLC.). This was followed several years later by the acquisition of Powerware. The Powerware brand is known for the design and production of medium to large Uninterruptible Power System (UPS) devices. After several years of co-branding UPS products "Eaton | Powerware" the company is switching to the single brand Eaton for all UPS products including; BladeUPS
The Eaton BladeUPS is a modular three-phase UPS system consisting of individual 6U 12 kW UPS units which can be paralleled together to create up to a 60 kW N+1 redundant UPS. A unique feature of the BladeUPS is that the 6U cabinet houses both the UPS electronics and batteries; other modular...
, 9355, 9390, 9395, and 9E.
In 2007 Eaton entered the data center power distribution market, releasing a line of power distribution under their Powerware brand called ePDU. They acquired Aphel Technologies Ltd., a Coventry, UK-based manufacturer of power distribution product for data centers. Shortly after, Pulizzi Engineering Inc., Santa Ana, CA-based manufacturer of mission critical power distribution was acquired. In late 2007 they acquired the MGE Office Protection Systems division from Schneider Electric
Schneider Electric is a French global company. It was founded in 1836 by two brothers, Eugène and Adolphe Schneider.In the first part of the 20th century, Schneider et Cie associated itself with Westinghouse Systems, a major international electrical group at the time. The group began manufacturing...
, as a result of that firm's acquisition of APC. A Taiwanese manufacturer, Phoenixtec, was also acquired giving the company the highest share in the Chinese single-phase UPS market.
The Westinghouse Distribution and Controls Business Unit was acquired by Eaton Electrical in 1994. The acquisition included all of the Westinghouse electrical distribution and control product business and also included stipulations that the Westinghouse name cannot be used by anyone else on these types of products for years. Today, Eaton Electrical manufactures electrical distribution and control products branded "Eaton" or "Cutler-Hammer" which can replace Westinghouse products in commercial and industrial applications.
Eaton's hybrid electric powertrain combines a diesel engine and electric motor to drive the vehicle.
Eaton was selected in 2008 as a recipient of the CALSTART Blue Sky Award with recognition
for their environmentally "green" transportation investments, products and actions. The award was directed towards their efforts to pioneer heavy duty hybrid
A hybrid vehicle is a vehicle that uses two or more distinct power sources to move the vehicle. The term most commonly refers to hybrid electric vehicles , which combine an internal combustion engine and one or more electric motors.-Power:...
-drive technology for trucks. The annual awards recognize outstanding marketplace contributions to clean air, energy efficiency
Efficient energy use, sometimes simply called energy efficiency, is the goal of efforts to reduce the amount of energy required to provide products and services. For example, insulating a home allows a building to use less heating and cooling energy to achieve and maintain a comfortable temperature...
and to the clean transportation industry overall by companies, organizations and individuals.
Operations of Eaton involve the use and disposal of certain substances regulated under environmental protection laws. Eaton continues to modify certain processes on an ongoing, regular basis to reduce the impact on the environment, including the reduction or elimination of certain chemicals used in, and wastes generated from, operations. Eaton has set standards for themselves in the category of environmental protection. They have vowed to reduce their own greenhouse gas emissions by 18 percent by 2012.
In 2006, Eaton joined the Green Suppliers Network, a public-private partnership with the EPA and U.S. Department of Commerce, through which small and medium-sized suppliers are helped to develop "lean and clean" manufacturing processes.
- Aphel Technologies
- Arrow Hose & Tubing
- Golf Pride
- Marina Power & Lighting
- MGE Office Protection Systems
- :de:Moeller GmbH
Eaton's Aerospace Group
Eaton's Aerospace Group is divided into four divisions that provide fuel and hydraulic systems, high pressure, high temperature ducting, fuel and hydraulic tubing conveyance, and cockpit panel and controls to almost every major aerospace platform. The latest platforms include the Boeing 787, Airbus A380, Comac C919, Learjet LJ85, Gulfstream G650 and G450, Lockheed Martin F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, and Sikorsky CH-53K. The aerospace portfolio also includes many legacy aircraft such as the Boeing 737, 747, 757, 767, and 777, Airbus A319, A320, A330 and A340, Lockheed Martin F22 Raptor, and countless more.
As with Eaton's philosophy, growth through acquisition is also true in the Aerospace business with the acquisitions of Stanley Aerospace, Aeroquip, PerkinElmer Aerospace Businesses, Argo-Tech, and FR-HiTEMP. These acquisitions have provided Eaton with a diverse aerospace portfolio that allows them to provide complete fuel and hydraulic systems.
Hydraulic Systems Division
Eaton provides the Hydraulic Power Generation System and Hydraulic Utility Actuation for the F-35 Lightning II
The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II is a family of single-seat, single-engine, fifth generation multirole fighters under development to perform ground attack, reconnaissance, and air defense missions with stealth capability...
The HUA provides the primary actuation that converts the STOVL variant from conventional flight to hover and vertical landing. Other HSD progams include Embraer VLJ, Bombardier Learjet-85
-External links:* * * *...
, Hawker 4000, and CH 53-K.
Eaton's Filtration Business
Eaton’s Filtration business is a global leader in manufacturing filtration products that include automatic self-cleaning and fabricated pipeline strainers, mechanically cleaned filters and strainers, bag and cartridge filtration systems, and gas liquid separators for industrial customers worldwide. We supply high-quality systems, parts, and services to a variety of key markets and are expanding our global footprint with initiatives in the Americas, EMEA, and Asia Pacific. Designed for efficiency in demanding markets, applications, and environments, Eaton’s innovative pipeline basket strainer, mechanically cleaned filter, tubular backwashing filter, bag filter and bag housing, cartridge filter and cartridge housing, and gas liquid separator solutions help optimize filtration performance and quality, as well as plant productivity.
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- Dana Corporation