Earl of Abingdon

Earl of Abingdon

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Earl of Abingdon is a title in the Peerage of England
Peerage of England
The Peerage of England comprises all peerages created in the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union in 1707. In that year, the Peerages of England and Scotland were replaced by one Peerage of Great Britain....

. It was created on 30 November 1682 for James Bertie, 5th Baron Norreys of Rycote
James Bertie, 1st Earl of Abingdon
James Bertie, 1st Earl of Abingdon was an English nobleman.Bertie was the eldest son of Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey by his second wife Bridget Bertie , 4th Baroness Norreys, suo jure Lady Norreys. He succeeded his mother as 5th Baron Norreys on the latter's death, c. 1657...

. He was the eldest son of Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey
Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey
Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey, 15th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, KG, PC was the eldest son of Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey and his wife Elizabeth Montagu, daughter of Edward Montagu, 1st Baron Montagu of Boughton.-Early life:...

 by his second marriage to Bridget, 4th Baroness Norreys de Rycote, and the younger half-brother of Robert Bertie, 3rd Earl of Lindsey
Robert Bertie, 3rd Earl of Lindsey
Robert Bertie, 3rd Earl of Lindsey, 16th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, PC, FRS was a British Hereditary Peer. He was the son of Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey and Martha Cokayne. His mother died shortly after his birth about July 1641.From 1661 to 1666 he was Member of Parliament for Boston in...

 (see the Earl of Lindsey
Earl of Lindsey
Earl of Lindsey is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1626 for the 14th Baron Willoughby de Eresby . He was First Lord of the Admiralty from 1635 to 1636 and also established his claim in right of his mother to the hereditary office of Lord Great Chamberlain of England...

 and the Baron Willoughby de Eresby
Baron Willoughby de Eresby
Baron Willoughby de Eresby is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created by writ in 1313 for Robert de Willoughby of Eresby Manor, near Spilsby, Lincolnshire. The fourteenth Baron was created Earl of Lindsey in 1626. His great-grandson, the fourth Earl and seventeenth Baron, was created...

 for earlier history of the Bertie family). His mother's family descended from Sir Henry Norris, who represented Berkshire
Berkshire (UK Parliament constituency)
Berkshire was a parliamentary constituency in England, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of England until 1707, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885...

 and Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire (UK Parliament constituency)
Oxfordshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885. It was represented by two Members of Parliament. In 1832 this was increased to three...

 in the House of Commons
British House of Commons
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which also comprises the Sovereign and the House of Lords . Both Commons and Lords meet in the Palace of Westminster. The Commons is a democratically elected body, consisting of 650 members , who are known as Members...

 and served as Ambassador to France
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

. In 1572 he was summoned by writ to Parliament as Lord Norreys de Rycote. He was succeeded by his grandson, the second Baron. In 1621 he was created Viscount Thame and Earl of Berkshire in the Peerage of England. He had no sons and on his death in 1624 the viscountcy and earldom became extinct. He was succeeded in the barony by his daughter Elizabeth, the third holder of the title. She was the husband of Edward Wray. On her death the title passed to her daughter, the aforementioned Bridget, the fourth Baroness, second wife of the second Earl of Lindsey.

Her son, the aforementioned fifth Baron, was summoned to the House of Lords
House of Lords
The House of Lords is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the House of Commons, it meets in the Palace of Westminster....

 as Lord Norreys of Rycote (with the precedence of 1572) in 1675. He was later Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire
Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire
This is a list of people who have served as Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire. Since 1689, all Lords Lieutenant have also been Custos Rotulorum of Oxfordshire.*Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk 1545*vacant?*Sir Francis Knollys in 1565...

 and in 1682 he was honoured when he was made Earl of Abingdon. He was succeeded by his son, the second Earl. He sat as Member of Parliament
Member of Parliament
A Member of Parliament is a representative of the voters to a :parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, the term applies specifically to members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title, such as senate, and thus also have different titles for its members,...

 for Berkshire and Oxfordshire and served as Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire
Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire
This is a list of people who have served as Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire. Since 1689, all Lords Lieutenant have also been Custos Rotulorum of Berkshire.-Lord Lieutenants of Berkshire:*Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset 1551 – 22 January 1552...

 and Oxfordshire. In 1687 Lord Abingdon assumed by Royal license the additional surname of Venables, which was that of his father-in-law. He died without surviving male issue and was succeeded by his nephew, the third Earl. He was the son of the Hon. James Bertie, second son of the first Earl. His grandson, the fifth Earl, was Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire. His son, the sixth Earl, represented Oxford
Oxford (UK Parliament constituency)
Oxford was a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom. It comprised the city of Oxford in the county of Oxfordshire, and elected two Members of Parliament from its creation in 1295 until 1881...

 and Abingdon
Abingdon (UK Parliament constituency)
Abingdon was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom , electing one Member of Parliament from 1558 until 1983...

 in the House of Commons and served as Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire. His great-grandson, the eighth Earl (the son of Montagu Charles Francis Towneley-Bertie, Lord Norreys, who had assumed by Royal license his maternal grandfather's surname of Towneley in 1896), succeeded his distant relative (his fifth cousin thrice removed) the twelfth Earl of Lindsey in the earldom of Lindsey in 1938. However, it was not until 1951 that he was recognised as Earl of Lindsey.

Another member of the Bertie family was the Hon. Francis Bertie
Francis Bertie, 1st Viscount Bertie of Thame
Francis Leveson Bertie, 1st Viscount Bertie of Thame GCB GCMG GCVO PC was a British diplomat.- Biography :...

, the second son of the sixth Earl of Abingdon. He served as British Ambassador to Italy and France and was created Viscount Bertie of Thame
Viscount Bertie of Thame
Viscount Bertie of Thame, in the County of Oxford, was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1918 for the prominent diplomat Francis Bertie, 1st Baron Bertie of Thame, on his retirement as British Ambassador to France. He had already been created Baron Bertie of Thame, in...

 in 1918.

Barons Norreys of Rycote (1572)

  • Henry Norris, 1st Baron Norreys of Rycote
    Henry Norris, 1st Baron Norreys
    Henry Norris , Baron Norris belonged to an old Berkshire family, many members of which had held positions at the English court. He was the son of Sir Henry Norreys, who was beheaded for his supposed adultery with Queen Anne Boleyn, and Mary Fiennes Henry Norris (or Norreys), Baron Norris (15257...

     (c. 1530–1601)
  • Francis Norris, 1st Earl of Berkshire, 2nd Baron Norreys of Rycote
    Francis Norris, 1st Earl of Berkshire
    Francis Norris, 1st Earl of Berkshire was an English nobleman with the title of Earl of Berkshire.He was the son of Captain William Norreys and Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Morrison of Cassiobury in Hertfordshire, and was born at Wytham in Berkshire . He married Bridget de Vere, although they...

     (1582–1624)
  • Elizabeth Wray, 3rd Baroness Norreys of Rycote
    Elizabeth Norris
    Elizabeth Norris, Baroness Norris of Rycote was an English noblewoman and a suo jure baroness. She was the wife of Edward Wray, Groom of the Bedchamber to King James I of England, with whom she eloped in 1622, and incurred the king's displeasure as she was his royal ward...

     (d. 1645)
  • Bridget (nee Wray) Bertie, 4th Baroness Norreys of Rycote (1627–1657)
  • James Bertie, 5th Baron Norreys of Rycote
    James Bertie, 1st Earl of Abingdon
    James Bertie, 1st Earl of Abingdon was an English nobleman.Bertie was the eldest son of Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey by his second wife Bridget Bertie , 4th Baroness Norreys, suo jure Lady Norreys. He succeeded his mother as 5th Baron Norreys on the latter's death, c. 1657...

     (1653–1699) (created Earl of Abingdon in 1682)

Earls of Abingdon (1682)

  • James Bertie, 1st Earl of Abingdon
    James Bertie, 1st Earl of Abingdon
    James Bertie, 1st Earl of Abingdon was an English nobleman.Bertie was the eldest son of Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey by his second wife Bridget Bertie , 4th Baroness Norreys, suo jure Lady Norreys. He succeeded his mother as 5th Baron Norreys on the latter's death, c. 1657...

     (1653–1699)
  • Montagu Venables-Bertie, 2nd Earl of Abingdon
    Montagu Venables-Bertie, 2nd Earl of Abingdon
    Montagu Venables-Bertie, 2nd Earl of Abingdon PC was an English nobleman. The eldest son of James Bertie, 1st Earl of Abingdon and Eleanora Lee, he was styled Lord Norreys until he succeeded his father as 2nd Earl of Abingdon on the latter's death on the 22 May 1699...

     (1672–1743)
  • Willoughby Bertie, 3rd Earl of Abingdon
    Willoughby Bertie, 3rd Earl of Abingdon
    Willoughby Bertie, 3rd Earl of Abingdon was an English peer.He was the son of James Bertie of Stanwell in Middlesex and Elizabeth Willoughby. He was elected to Parliament in 1715, but was unseated on petition. He married Anna Maria Collins in August 1727. They had ten children.- Children :# Lady...

     (1692–1760)
    • James Bertie, Lord Norreys (1735–1745)
  • Willoughby Bertie, 4th Earl of Abingdon
    Willoughby Bertie, 4th Earl of Abingdon
    Willoughby Bertie, 4th Earl of Abingdon was an English peer and music patron.Bertie was born in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, the son of Willoughby Bertie, 3rd Earl of Abingdon and Anna Maria Collins....

     (1740–1799)
    • Willoughby Bertie, Lord Norreys (1779–1779)
    • Willoughby Bertie, Lord Norreys (b. 1781)
  • Montagu Bertie, 5th Earl of Abingdon
    Montagu Bertie, 5th Earl of Abingdon
    Montagu Bertie, 5th Earl of Abingdon was an English peer.-Career:He was the third son of Willoughby Bertie, 4th Earl of Abingdon and Anna Maria Collins. As his two elder brothers predeceased their father, on the latter's death on 26 September 1799 he succeeded him as 5th Earl of Abingdon...

     (1784–1854)
  • Montagu Bertie, 6th Earl of Abingdon
    Montagu Bertie, 6th Earl of Abingdon
    Montagu Bertie, 6th Earl of Abingdon was a British peer and politician. He was styled Lord Norreys from birth until acceding in 1854.-Background:...

     (1808–1884)
  • Montagu Arthur Bertie, 7th Earl of Abingdon
    Montagu Bertie, 7th Earl of Abingdon
    Montagu Arthur Bertie, 7th Earl of Abingdon was an English peer.-Background:He was the fifth child of Montagu Bertie, 6th Earl of Abingdon and Elizabeth Lavinia Vernon-Harcourt.-Family:...

     (1836–1928)
    • Montagu Charles Francis Towneley-Bertie, Lord Norreys (1860–1919)
  • Montagu Henry Edmund Towneley-Bertie, 8th Earl of Abingdon
    Montagu Towneley-Bertie, 13th Earl of Lindsey
    Montagu Henry Edmund Cecil Towneley-Bertie, 13th Earl of Lindsey and 8th Earl of Abingdon , styled Lord Norreys between 1919 and 1928 and known as The Earl of Abingdon from 1928 onwards, was an English peer....

     (1887–1963) (succeeded as 13th Earl of Lindsey in 1938)
  • Richard Henry Rupert Bertie, 14th Earl of Lindsey, 9th Earl of Abingdon (b. 1931)


The heir apparent
Heir apparent
An heir apparent or heiress apparent is a person who is first in line of succession and cannot be displaced from inheriting, except by a change in the rules of succession....

 is the present holder's son Henry Mark Willoughby Bertie, Lord Norreys (b. 1958).

See also

  • Earl of Lindsey
    Earl of Lindsey
    Earl of Lindsey is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1626 for the 14th Baron Willoughby de Eresby . He was First Lord of the Admiralty from 1635 to 1636 and also established his claim in right of his mother to the hereditary office of Lord Great Chamberlain of England...

  • Baron Willoughby de Eresby
    Baron Willoughby de Eresby
    Baron Willoughby de Eresby is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created by writ in 1313 for Robert de Willoughby of Eresby Manor, near Spilsby, Lincolnshire. The fourteenth Baron was created Earl of Lindsey in 1626. His great-grandson, the fourth Earl and seventeenth Baron, was created...

  • Viscount Bertie of Thame
    Viscount Bertie of Thame
    Viscount Bertie of Thame, in the County of Oxford, was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1918 for the prominent diplomat Francis Bertie, 1st Baron Bertie of Thame, on his retirement as British Ambassador to France. He had already been created Baron Bertie of Thame, in...

  • Andrew Willoughby Ninian Bertie