Discipline

Discipline

Overview
In its original sense, discipline is referred to systematic instruction given to disciples
Apprenticeship
Apprenticeship is a system of training a new generation of practitioners of a skill. Apprentices or protégés build their careers from apprenticeships...

 to train them as students in a craft or trade, or to follow a particular code of conduct
Code of Conduct
A code of conduct is a set of rules outlining the responsibilities of or proper practices for an individual, party or organization. Related concepts include ethical codes and honor codes....

 or "order
Social order
Social order is a concept used in sociology, history and other social sciences. It refers to a set of linked social structures, social institutions and social practices which conserve, maintain and enforce "normal" ways of relating and behaving....

". Often, the phrase "to discipline" carries a negative connotation. This is because enforcement of order – that is, ensuring instructions are carried out – is often regulated through punishment
Punishment
Punishment is the authoritative imposition of something negative or unpleasant on a person or animal in response to behavior deemed wrong by an individual or group....

. Discipline is also believed to be one of the main pillars of our modern life , according to many different religious beliefs.

Instruct a person to follow a particular code of conduct or order.
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Quotations

No evil propensity of the human heart is so powerful that it may not be subdued by discipline.

Seneca

No pain, no palm; no thorns, no throne; no gall, no glory; no cross, no crown.

William Penn

Discipline is the soul of an army. It makes small numbers formidable; procures success to the weak, and esteem to all.

Letter of Instructions to the Captains of the Virginia Regiments (29 July 1759)
Encyclopedia
In its original sense, discipline is referred to systematic instruction given to disciples
Apprenticeship
Apprenticeship is a system of training a new generation of practitioners of a skill. Apprentices or protégés build their careers from apprenticeships...

 to train them as students in a craft or trade, or to follow a particular code of conduct
Code of Conduct
A code of conduct is a set of rules outlining the responsibilities of or proper practices for an individual, party or organization. Related concepts include ethical codes and honor codes....

 or "order
Social order
Social order is a concept used in sociology, history and other social sciences. It refers to a set of linked social structures, social institutions and social practices which conserve, maintain and enforce "normal" ways of relating and behaving....

". Often, the phrase "to discipline" carries a negative connotation. This is because enforcement of order – that is, ensuring instructions are carried out – is often regulated through punishment
Punishment
Punishment is the authoritative imposition of something negative or unpleasant on a person or animal in response to behavior deemed wrong by an individual or group....

. Discipline is also believed to be one of the main pillars of our modern life , according to many different religious beliefs.

Usage


Instruct a person to follow a particular code of conduct or order. In the field of child development
Child development
Child development stages describe theoretical milestones of child development. Many stage models of development have been proposed, used as working concepts and in some cases asserted as nativist theories....

, discipline refers to methods of modeling character and of teaching self-control and acceptable behavior, for example, teaching a child to wash her/his hands before meals. Here, washing hands before meals is a particular pattern of behavior, and the child is being disciplined to adopt that pattern. To discipline also gives rise to the word disciplinarian, which denotes a person who enforces order.

"Without discipline there is nothing to be proud of". Richard L Kempe.
However, usually the phrase "to discipline" carries a negative connotation. This is because of the need to maintain order – that is, ensuring instructions are carried out. Order is often regulated through punishment.cf.

Military discipline


Military discipline refers to the regulation of the behaviors of members of any military
Military
A military is an organization authorized by its greater society to use lethal force, usually including use of weapons, in defending its country by combating actual or perceived threats. The military may have additional functions of use to its greater society, such as advancing a political agenda e.g...

, involving rules that govern goal orientation and behavior inside and outside the institution, including the socialization
Socialization
Socialization is a term used by sociologists, social psychologists, anthropologists, political scientists and educationalists to refer to the process of inheriting and disseminating norms, customs and ideologies...

 processes that happen in military training Rules of discipline are firmer or laxer depending on the prevalent culture of the military's country or institution. As early as the time of the Roman army
Roman army
The Roman army is the generic term for the terrestrial armed forces deployed by the kingdom of Rome , the Roman Republic , the Roman Empire and its successor, the Byzantine empire...

, discipline was enforced through military justice, but broader compilations of laws such as the Codex Theodosianus
Codex Theodosianus
The Codex Theodosianus was a compilation of the laws of the Roman Empire under the Christian emperors since 312. A commission was established by Theodosius II in 429 and the compilation was published in the eastern half of the Roman Empire in 438...

 contained provisions dealing with military discipline.

Church discipline



Church discipline is a response of an ecclesiastical body to some perceived wrong, whether in action or in doctrine. Its most extreme form in modern churches is excommunication
Excommunication
Excommunication is a religious censure used to deprive, suspend or limit membership in a religious community. The word means putting [someone] out of communion. In some religions, excommunication includes spiritual condemnation of the member or group...

. Discipline is the assertion of willpower over more base desires, and is usually understood to be synonymous with self control
Self control
Self control is the ability to control one's emotions, behavior and desires in order to obtain some reward later. In psychology it is sometimes called self-regulation...

. Self-discipline is to some extent a substitute for motivation
Motivation
Motivation is the driving force by which humans achieve their goals. Motivation is said to be intrinsic or extrinsic. The term is generally used for humans but it can also be used to describe the causes for animal behavior as well. This article refers to human motivation...

, when one uses reason to determine a best course of action that opposes one's desires. Virtuous behavior is when one's motivations are aligned with one's reasoned aims: to do what one knows is best and to do it gladly. Continent behavior, on the other hand, is when one does what one knows is best, but must do it by opposing one's motivations. Moving from continent to virtuous behavior requires training and some self-discipline.

Child Discipline


Child Discipline is the process of teaching children to behave appropriately in different circumstances. This is often done with punishment, either physical or involving loss of property or privileges. It is a vital factor in shaping one’s personality. It is inculcated in the pupils not as an imposition but as a normal growth under the process of training in self discipline and self help through every activity.

Self-discipline


Self-discipline can be defined as the ability to motivate oneself in spite of a negative emotional state. Qualities associated with self-discipline include willpower, hard work, and persistence.