is the chemical compound
A chemical compound is a pure chemical substance consisting of two or more different chemical elements that can be separated into simpler substances by chemical reactions. Chemical compounds have a unique and defined chemical structure; they consist of a fixed ratio of atoms that are held together...
with the formula
A chemical formula or molecular formula is a way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound....
. This chlorine oxide
Chlorine and oxygen can bond in many different ways:* chlorine monoxide * chlorine dioxide * chlorine trioxide * dichlorine monoxide * dichlorine dioxide * dichlorine trioxide...
is the mixed anhydride
An acidic oxide is an oxide that either*reacts with water to form an acid; or*reacts with a base to form a salt.Examples include:...
Chloric acid, HClO3, is an oxoacid of chlorine, and the formal precursor of chlorate salts. It is a strong acid and oxidizing agent....
and perchloric acid
Perchloric acid is the inorganic compound with the formula HClO4. Usually encountered as an aqueous solution, this colourless compound is a strong acid comparable in strength to sulfuric and nitric acids. It is a powerful oxidizer, but its aqueous solutions up to appr. 70% are remarkably inert,...
s. It is produced by reaction between chlorine dioxide
Chlorine dioxide is a chemical compound with the formula ClO2. This yellowish-green gas crystallizes as bright orange crystals at −59 °C. As one of several oxides of chlorine, it is a potent and useful oxidizing agent used in water treatment and in bleaching....
and excess ozone
Ozone , or trioxygen, is a triatomic molecule, consisting of three oxygen atoms. It is an allotrope of oxygen that is much less stable than the diatomic allotrope...
- 2 + 2 → 2 + 2 → + 2
It is a dark red fuming liquid at room temperature that crystallizes as an ionic compound, chloryl perchlorate, . It was originally reported to exist as the monomeric chlorine trioxide ClO3
in gas phase, but was later shown to remain an oxygen-bridged dimer after evaporation and until thermal decomposition into chlorine perchlorate
Chlorine perchlorate is the chemical compound with the formula Cl2O4. This chlorine oxide is an asymmetric oxide, with one chlorine atom in oxidation state +1 and the other +7, with proper formula ClOClO3...
, and oxygen.
is diamagnetic and is a very strong oxidizing agent. Although stable at room temperature, it explodes violently on contact with organic compounds and reacts with gold
Gold is a chemical element with the symbol Au and an atomic number of 79. Gold is a dense, soft, shiny, malleable and ductile metal. Pure gold has a bright yellow color and luster traditionally considered attractive, which it maintains without oxidizing in air or water. Chemically, gold is a...
to produce the chloryl
In chemistry, chloryl refers to the red-colored cation having the chemical formula . It is polyatomic ion, structurally identical to chlorite and having the same chemical formula but with chlorine in the +5 oxidation state rather than +3...
salt . Many other reactions involving Cl2
reflect its ionic structure, , including the following:
- NO2F + Cl2O6 → NO2ClO4 + ClO2F
- NO + Cl2O6 → NOClO4 + ClO2
- 2 V2O5 + 12 Cl2O6 → 4 VO(ClO4)3 + 12 ClO2 + 3 O2
- SnCl4 + 6 Cl2O6 → [ClO2]2[Sn(ClO4)6] + 4 ClO2 + 2 Cl2
Nevertheless, it can also react as a source of the ClO3
- 2 AsF5 + Cl2O6 → 2 ClO3AsF5