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Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft

Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft

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The Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft (DMG), in English the German Oriental Society, is a scholarly organization dedicated to studies of Asia
Asia
Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres. It covers 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area and with approximately 3.879 billion people, it hosts 60% of the world's current human population...

 and the broader Orient
The Orient
The Orient means "the East." It is a traditional designation for anything that belongs to the Eastern world or the Far East, in relation to Europe. In English it is a metonym that means various parts of Asia.- Derivation :...

.

The DMG was established on 2 October 1845 in Leipzig
Leipzig
Leipzig Leipzig has always been a trade city, situated during the time of the Holy Roman Empire at the intersection of the Via Regia and Via Imperii, two important trade routes. At one time, Leipzig was one of the major European centres of learning and culture in fields such as music and publishing...

 by leading Oriental scholars from Germany, as well as members of other Orientalist societies such as the Asiatic Societies in Paris
Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...

, London
London
London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its...

, and Calcutta. It was founded "to promote all aspects of the knowledge of Asia and of the countries closely related to it in every aspect, and to propagate participation of this in wider circles. Hence the Society will deal not only with oriental literature (morgenländische Literatur) but also with the history of these countries and the research of their situation both earlier and more recent times."

For many years the DMG concentrated on traditional scholarly pursuits, namely, the "knowledge of languages, literatures, history, religions and philosophies, forms of law and society, archaeology, and the art and material culture of the people living in these areas". In recent years, however, its emphasis has shifted to sociology and political science. Since 1847, the DMG publishes the journal Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft
Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft
The Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft is a journal of Oriental studies, published by the Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft since 1847....

 (ZDMG), since 1857 the Abhandlungen für die Kunde des Morgenlandes (AKM) and since 1964 the Beiruter Texte und Studien (BTS).

The DMG currently operates from the Südasien-Institut der Universität Heidelberg
Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg
The Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg is a public research university located in Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Founded in 1386, it is the oldest university in Germany and was the third university established in the Holy Roman Empire. Heidelberg has been a coeducational institution...

(South Asia Institute of the University of Heidelberg).