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Democratic Opposition of Serbia

Democratic Opposition of Serbia

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The Democratic Opposition of Serbia was a wide alliance of political parties in Serbia
Serbia
Serbia , officially the Republic of Serbia , is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Carpathian basin and the central part of the Balkans...

 (then part of FR Yugoslavia), formed as a coalition against the ruling Socialist Party of Serbia
Socialist Party of Serbia
The Socialist Party of Serbia is officially a democratic socialist political party in Serbia. It is also widely recognized as a de facto Serbian nationalist party, though the party itself does not officially acknowledge this...

 and its leader, Slobodan Milošević
Slobodan Milošević
Slobodan Milošević was President of Serbia and Yugoslavia. He served as the President of Socialist Republic of Serbia and Republic of Serbia from 1989 until 1997 in three terms and as President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1997 to 2000...

 in 2000. Its candidate, Vojislav Koštunica
Vojislav Koštunica
Vojislav Koštunica is a Serbian politician, statesman and the president of the Democratic Party of Serbia. He was the last President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, succeeding Slobodan Milošević and serving from 2000 to 2003...

, won the September 2000 federal presidential election
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia presidential election, 2000
Presidential elections were held in Yugoslavia on 24 September 2000. They were won by Vojislav Koštunica of the Democratic Opposition, who beat Slobodan Milošević in the first round of voting.-Results:...

 and the coalition won the parliamentary majority in the Serbian Parliament at the December 2000 election
Serbian parliamentary election, 2000
The first free democratic parliamentary election after the fall of Slobodan Milošević was held in the Republic of Serbia on 23 December 2000.-Results:...

. The coalition then formed the government with Zoran Đinđić as the Prime Minister which ruled Serbia until December 2003.

DOS was originally an 18-party coalition, including:
  • Democratic Party
    Democratic Party (Serbia)
    The Democratic Party is a political party in Serbia. It is described as a social liberal or social democratic party.-Pre-war history:The Democratic Party was established on 16 February 1919 from unification of Sarajevo parties independent radicals, progressives, liberals and the Serbian part of...

     (DS)
  • Democratic Party of Serbia
    Democratic Party of Serbia
    The Democratic Party of Serbia is a political party in Serbia.-Foundation:The Democratic Party of Serbia was founded when a faction of the Democratic Party that supported its involvement in the Democratic Movement of Serbia split from the party and formed their own in 1992.Soon after the March...

     (DSS)
  • Civic Alliance of Serbia
    Civic Alliance of Serbia
    Civic Alliance of Serbia was a social-liberal party in Serbia.Known widely by its three-letter acronym in Serbian, GSS was founded and registered in 1992...

     (GSS)
  • Demo-Christian Party of Serbia (DHSS)
  • New Serbia
    New Serbia
    New Serbia is a political party in Serbia. It was created in 1997 by a number of dissidents from the Serbian Renewal Movement....

     (NS)
  • Social Democratic League of Vojvodina (LSV)
  • Socialdemocratic Union
    Social Democratic Union (Serbia)
    The Social Democratic Union is a social democratic political party in Serbia.At the last legislative elections, on January 21, 2007, the party was a member of the LDP-GSS-SDU-LSV Coalition that won 15 seats....

     (SDU)
  • Alliance of Hungarians from Vojvodina
    Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians
    The Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians ; , Savez vojvođanskih Mađara ) is an ethnic Hungarian political party in the Serbian province of Vojvodina. Its chairman is István Pásztor. The former party chairman József Kasza is now its honorary president...

     (SVM)
  • Reformist Democratic Party of Vojvodina
    Reformists of Vojvodina
    Reformists of Vojvodina is a political party in the Serbian province of Vojvodina. At the last legislative elections in Vojvodina, on September 19, 2004, the party won 2 seats in the provincial parliament....

     (RDSV)
  • Vojvodina Coalition
    Vojvodina Coalition
    Vojvodina Coalition is a political party in the Serbian province of Vojvodina....

     (KV)
  • Social democracy
    Social Democracy (Serbia)
    Social Democracy is a political party in Serbia. The party leader is Nenad Vukasović. It took part in Serbian parliamentary election, 2007 as an independent list but won no seats with only 0.12 percent of vote or 4,903 votes...

     (SD)
  • Sandžak Democratic Party
    Sandžak Democratic Party
    The Sandžak Democratic Party was a political party founded in Serbia in 1995....

     (SDP)
  • 3-party DAN coalition:
    • Democratic Alternative
      Democratic Alternative (Serbia)
      The Democratic Alternative was a political party in Serbia, founded by secession of pro-democratic members of the ruling Socialist Party of Serbia in 1997. Its President was Nebojša Čović...

       (DA)
    • New Democracy
      Liberals of Serbia
      The Liberals of Serbia was a political party in Serbia.The party was originally founded in 1990, when the Social Democratic Youth League reconstituted itself as New Democracy...

       (ND)
    • Democratic Center
      Democratic Centre (Serbia)
      The Democratic Centre was a political party in Serbia. It was founded in 1996 by Dragoljub Mićunović.At the last legislative elections, 28 December 2003, the party elected 5 seats on the list of the Democratic Party. After the elections it merged into the Democratic Party....

       (DC)
  • Association of Free and Independent Trade Unions (not a political organization)


Koštunica's Democratic Party of Serbia
Democratic Party of Serbia
The Democratic Party of Serbia is a political party in Serbia.-Foundation:The Democratic Party of Serbia was founded when a faction of the Democratic Party that supported its involvement in the Democratic Movement of Serbia split from the party and formed their own in 1992.Soon after the March...

 left the government in July 2001, as the protest against extradition of Slobodan Milošević to the ICTY, and officially left the coalition in July next year. Social democracy was pushed into the opposition in May 2001 after a split in the party, as the faction which was eventually recognized by the Supreme Court of Serbia
Supreme Court of Serbia
The Supreme Court of Cassation is the court of last resort in the Republic of Serbia. Formerly called the Supreme Court of Serbia, it is the Court of cassation which reviews and possibly overturns previous rulings made by lower courts. It was established in 1846 by a decree of Prince Aleksandar...

 as the legitimate name bearer, was not regarded as such by the DOS, which transferred all the positions held by the party members to the other faction's adherents. That faction, having not received the legal recognition, had merged in July 2002 with the Socialdemocratic Union into the Social Democratic Party
Social Democratic Party (Serbia)
The Social Democratic Party was a political party in Serbia....

. In March 2003, after a split in this party, the Socialdemocratic Union was renewed, still being a member of the DOS, while the Social Democratic Party was excluded from the coalition in November 2003, after having announced that it would support the opposition's demand for government's depose. In May 2003, New Serbia was excluded from the coalition after a series of conflicts with the other members. In 2003, New Democracy was renamed into the Liberals of Serbia
Liberals of Serbia
The Liberals of Serbia was a political party in Serbia.The party was originally founded in 1990, when the Social Democratic Youth League reconstituted itself as New Democracy...

, and the Association of Free and Independent Trade Unions has founded the Labour Party of Serbia, to which it transferred its membership in the DOS.

Dragoljub Mićunović
Dragoljub Micunovic
Dragoljub Mićunović, PhD is a prominent Serbian politician and philosopher.-Early life:...

, the DOS candidate, could not win the 2003 presidential election and was even beaten by 11% by Tomislav Nikolić
Tomislav Nikolic
Tomislav "Toma" Nikolić is a Serbian politician, President of the Serbian Progressive Party. He is also a former member of the Serbian Radical Party, where he served as Deputy Leader of the party and parliamentary leader during the absence of Vojislav Šešelj...

, the candidate of the extreme rightist Serbian Radical Party
Serbian Radical Party
The Serbian Radical Party is a far-right Serbian nationalist political party in Serbia, founded in 1991. Currently the second-largest party in the Serbian National Assembly, it has branches in three of the nations that currently border Serbia – all former federal republics of Yugoslavia...

. Since only 38% of the electors voted, the presidential election was cancelled for the third time in a row. Therefore, the DOS was disbanded on 18 November 2003. The disbanding was mostly decided by the Democratic Party, the party founded by the then Prime Minister Zoran Đinđić, who was assassinated
Assassination of Zoran Đinđić
The assassination of Zoran Đinđić, the Prime Minister of Serbia, took place on Wednesday, March 12, 2003, in Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro.- Background :The assassination of Đinđić was preceded by several unsuccessful attempts on his life...

 on 12 March 2003.

External links

  • Vreme
    Vreme
    Vreme is a weekly newsmagazine based in Belgrade, Serbia.After being prepared for seven months throughout 1990 by liberal Serbian intellectuals dissatisfied with the regime's control of the media, its first issue came out on October 29, 1990. Most of its original staff were journalists from...

    : Demokratska opozicija Srbije - Program za demokratsku Srbiju, No. 502, 19 August 2000 (Retrieved on 6 October 2010)