is a borough of Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia and centre of the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region.Düsseldorf is an important international business and financial centre and renowned for its fashion and trade fairs. Located centrally within the European Megalopolis, the...
with a fairly well-off population and developed around an old convent. It is also known as Düsseldorf-Zoo
(after Düsseltal's S-Bahn station
Dusseldorf Zoo station is located about two kilometre north of Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof in central Düsseldorf in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is on the Cologne–Duisburg line and is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 4 station...
), because until 1943 there was a zoological garden in Düsseltal. The word Düsseltal is German for the valley of the river Düssel
The Düssel is a small right tributary of the River Rhine in North Rhine Westphalia, Germany. Its source is between Wülfrath and Velbert. It flows westward through the Neander Valley where the fossils of the first Neanderthal man were found in 1856...
Düsseltal's neighboring boroughs are, clockwise from the north: Rath
Rath is a borough in northern Düsseldorf District 6, near the airport, with 16,975 inhabitants . It is about 5 km northeast of the city center.-History:...
Grafenberg is an urban borough of Düsseldorf. It borders to Gerresheim, Ludenberg, Flingern and Düsseltal.Grafenberg is one of the smallest boroughs in Düsseldorf. It is a green area and an expensive place to live Grafenberg is an urban borough of Düsseldorf. It borders to Gerresheim, Ludenberg,...
Flingern is a former blue-collar borough of Düsseldorf. Located northeast of Düsseldorf , it is divided into two boroughs today: Flingern-Nord and Flingern-Süd....
, and Derendorf
Derendorf is a borough of Düsseldorf, Germany. It is located north of Pempelfort and the central district, west of Rath, south of Kaiserswerth.Derendorf has an area of 3.3 km2. About 5,000 people live there. The median age is about 43 years....
. It is also bordered by the Cologne–Duisburg railway
The 64 km long Cologne–Duisburg railway is one of the most important lines in Germany. It is the main axis for long distance and urban passenger rail services between Cologne and the Ruhr, served by Intercity Express, Intercity, Regional Express, regionalbahn and S-Bahn trains...
and the Grafenberg forest.
Düsseltal occupies an area of 2.98 km2
and has a population of 23,219.
There was a low population density in the region between Düsseldorf(proper) and Grafenberg until the end of the 19th century.
In the Middle Ages
The Middle Ages is a periodization of European history from the 5th century to the 15th century. The Middle Ages follows the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 and precedes the Early Modern Era. It is the middle period of a three-period division of Western history: Classic, Medieval and Modern...
the knights Hayc von Flingern ruled the town. The oldest buildings of Düsseltal are the Speckerhöfe
and the Buscher Mühle
, first mentioned in the 14th century.
Johann Wilhelm II, Elector Palatine was Elector Palatine , Duke Palatine of Neuburg/Danube , Duke of Jülich and Berg , and Duke of Upper Palatinate and Cham...
, Elector Palantine, donated the Speckerhöfe
to the Cistercian
and the monks were henceforth also called the Specker
monks. Later on, the convent took on the name Düsselthal
which then became the name of the borough.
Count Adalbert von Recke-Volmerstein founded the orphanage Düsseltal in 1822. According to legend it was financed in part by the sale of "original" Eau de Cologne
Eau de Cologne or simply Cologne is a toiletry, a perfume in a style that originated from Cologne, Germany. It is nowadays a generic term for scented formulations in typical concentration of 2-5% essential oils. However as of today cologne is a blend of extracts, alcohol, and water...
made with water taken from the Düssel. In 1835 he founded the first ever deaconess
Deaconess is a non-clerical order in some Christian denominations which sees to the care of women in the community. That word comes from a Greek word diakonos as well as deacon, which means a servant or helper and occurs frequently in the Christian New Testament of the Bible. Deaconesses trace...
institute in Düsseltal.
During the Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution was a period from the 18th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology had a profound effect on the social, economic and cultural conditions of the times...
the factory of Haniel & Lueg was built in Düsseltal and the town hosted an international industrial exhibition in 1880 with more than 3,000 companies exhibiting in more than 100 halls. It was opened by Emperor William II.
The zoological garden was initiated by the zoologist Alfred Brehm
Alfred Edmund Brehm was aGerman zoologist, natural history illustrator and writer, the son ofChristian Ludwig Brehm....
and founded in 1876. Opening was May 31, 1876 but during air raids in 1943 it was completely destroyed. After World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...
Düsseltal became a more and more exclusive borough of Düsseldorf.
Düsseltal is home to the Düsseldorfer EG
The DEG Metro Stars is a German professional ice hockey team in Düsseldorf. It was Germany's most successful hockey club for a long time and had many international players...
, today known as DEG Metro Stars, an ice hockey club that has had lots of success, among them six German championships. The Zoopark surrounds the Ice Stadium on Brehmstraße
where they played until 2006. Since DEL-Season 06/07 they play in the multi-use indoor arena ISS Dome
Another building of interest is the Catholic Paulus Church, built in neoclassicist
Neoclassicism is the name given to Western movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that draw inspiration from the "classical" art and culture of Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome...
Today Düsseltal is one of the more exclusive boroughs of Düsseldorf. Many Japanese live there (but not as many as in Oberkassel
Oberkassel is a quartier of Düsseldorf, with a population of about 17,000 inhabitants. Oberkassel lies on the left side of the river Rhine, the opposite side of the central district of Düsseldorf....
). The Rethelstraße
is a well-known shopping district.