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Czechs of Romania

Czechs of Romania

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The Czechs are an ethnic minority
Minorities of Romania
Officially, 10.5% of Romania's population is represented by minorities . The principal minorities in Romania are Hungarians and Roma people, with a declining German population and smaller numbers of Poles in Bucovina...

 in Romania
Romania
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea...

, numbering 3,938 people according to the 2002 census. The majority of Romanian Czechs live in the south-west of the country, with around 60% of them living in Caraş-Severin County
Caras-Severin County
Caraș-Severin is a county of Romania, in the historical region of Banat and few villages in Transylvania, with the county seat at Reșița.-Demographics:The county is part of the Danube-Kris-Mureș-Tisza euroregion....

, where they make up 0.7% of the population.

As an officially recognised ethnic minority, Czechs, together with Slovaks
Slovaks of Romania
The Slovaks are an ethnic minority in Romania, numbering 17,199 people according to the 2002 census and hence making up 0.1% of the total population. Slovaks mainly live in western Romania, with the largest populations found in Bihor and Arad counties, where they make up 1.22% and 1.25% of the...

, have one seat
Romanian ethnic minorities parties
The Romanian Constitution , under the contitions imposed by the Electoral Law, reserves a seat in the Chamber of Deputies for the party and cultural association of each ethnic minority in Romania...

 reserved in the Romanian Chamber of Deputies
Chamber of Deputies of Romania
The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house in Romania's bicameral parliament. It has 315 seats, to which deputies are elected by direct popular vote on a proportional representation basis to serve four-year terms...

.

Communes with the largest Czech population percentage

  1. Dubova
    Dubova, Mehedinti
    Dubova is a commune located in Mehedinţi County, Romania. It is one of four localities in the county located in the Banat. The commune is composed of three villages: Baia Nouă , Dubova and Eibenthal...

    , Mehedinţi—40.70%
  2. Gârnic
    Gârnic
    Gârnic is a commune in Caraş-Severin County, western Romania with a population of 1,533 people. It is composed of two villages, Gârnic and Padina Matei.-References:...

    , Caraş-Severin—33.46%
  3. Coronini
    Coronini
    Coronini is a commune in Caraş-Severin County, western Romania, with a population of 1,878. Part of the region of Banat, it includes Coronini and Sfânta Elena villages. Situated on the Danube and the border with Serbia, part of the mountainous area known as Clisura Dunării, Coronini holds several...

    , Caraş-Severin—27.36%
  4. Berzasca
    Berzasca
    Berzasca is a commune in Caraş-Severin County, in the Banat region of western Romania with a population of 3,123 people. It is composed of five villages: Berzasca, Bigăr , Cozla, Drencova and Liubcova. At the 2002 census, 70.5% of the commune's inhabitants were Romanians, 14.2% Czechs, 10.8% Serbs...

    , Caraş-Severin—14.24%
  5. Şopotu Nou
    Şopotu Nou
    Şopotu Nou is a commune in Caraş-Severin County, western Romania with a population of 1456 people. It is composed of ten villages: Cârşa Roşie, Driştie, Poienile Boinei, Ravensca , Răchita, Stăncilova, Şopotu Nou, Urcu, Valea Răchitei and Valea Roşie....

    , Caraş-Severin—10.92%
  6. Lăpuşnicel
    Lapusnicel
    Lăpuşnicel is a commune in Caraş-Severin County, western Romania with a population of 1,320 people. It is composed of three villages, Lăpuşnicel, Pârvova and Şumiţa.-References:...

    , Caraş-Severin—10.75%
  7. Socol
    Socol
    Socol is a commune in Caraş-Severin County, Romania . In 2002, the population of the commune numbered 2,301 people and its population was ethnically mixed. It is composed of five villages: Baziaş, Câmpia, Pârneaura, Socol and Zlatiţa.Sokol means "hawk" in Serbian...

    , Caraş-Severin—4.60%
  8. Peregu Mare, Arad—3.83%
  9. Eşelniţa
    Eselnita
    Eşelniţa is a commune located in Mehedinţi County, Romania. It is composed of a single village, Eşelniţa. It is one of four localities in the county located in the Banat....

    , Mehedinţi—2.31%
  10. Orşova
    Orsova
    Orșova is a port city on the Danube river in southwestern Romania's Mehedinți County. It is one of four localities in the county located in the Banat historical region. It is situated just above the Iron Gates, on the spot where the Cerna River meets the Danube.- History :The first documented...

    , Mehedinţi—1.85%


There are six villages with a Czech majority. Five are in Caraş-Severin County: Bigăr, Berzasca
Berzasca
Berzasca is a commune in Caraş-Severin County, in the Banat region of western Romania with a population of 3,123 people. It is composed of five villages: Berzasca, Bigăr , Cozla, Drencova and Liubcova. At the 2002 census, 70.5% of the commune's inhabitants were Romanians, 14.2% Czechs, 10.8% Serbs...

 Commune; Gârnic, Gârnic
Gârnic
Gârnic is a commune in Caraş-Severin County, western Romania with a population of 1,533 people. It is composed of two villages, Gârnic and Padina Matei.-References:...

 Commune; Ravensca, Şopotu Nou
Şopotu Nou
Şopotu Nou is a commune in Caraş-Severin County, western Romania with a population of 1456 people. It is composed of ten villages: Cârşa Roşie, Driştie, Poienile Boinei, Ravensca , Răchita, Stăncilova, Şopotu Nou, Urcu, Valea Răchitei and Valea Roşie....

 Commune; Sfânta Elena, Coronini
Coronini
Coronini is a commune in Caraş-Severin County, western Romania, with a population of 1,878. Part of the region of Banat, it includes Coronini and Sfânta Elena villages. Situated on the Danube and the border with Serbia, part of the mountainous area known as Clisura Dunării, Coronini holds several...

 Commune; and Şumiţa, Lăpuşnicel
Lapusnicel
Lăpuşnicel is a commune in Caraş-Severin County, western Romania with a population of 1,320 people. It is composed of three villages, Lăpuşnicel, Pârvova and Şumiţa.-References:...

 Commune. One is in Mehedinţi County: Eibenthal, Dubova
Dubova, Mehedinti
Dubova is a commune located in Mehedinţi County, Romania. It is one of four localities in the county located in the Banat. The commune is composed of three villages: Baia Nouă , Dubova and Eibenthal...

 Commune.

Notable Czech-Romanians

  • Ignat Bednarik
    Ignat Bednarik
    Ignat Bednarik was a Romanian painter who worked in almost every genre of painting before devoting himself purely to watercolor. He was also interested in decorative art, design, interior decoration and book illustration...

    , painter
  • Anton Chladek, painter
  • Julius Podlipny
    Julius Podlipny
    Julius or Iulius Podlipny was an Austro-Hungarian-born Czechoslovak and Romanian artist, best known for his work in drawing and his long period as teacher at the Art Lyceum in Timişoara...

    , painter
  • Anton Vorel, herbalist
  • Lascăr Vorel
    Lascar Vorel
    Lascăr Vorel was a Romanian Post-Impressionist painter whose style was linked to Expressionism.-Biography:...

    , painter

See also

  • Slovak people in Romania