Copenhagen municipality

Copenhagen municipality

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Copenhagen Municipality is the largest of the municipalities making up the city of Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Copenhagen is the capital and largest city of Denmark, with an urban population of 1,199,224 and a metropolitan population of 1,930,260 . With the completion of the transnational Øresund Bridge in 2000, Copenhagen has become the centre of the increasingly integrating Øresund Region...

. It lies at the center of Copenhagen and contains the old historic city.

The municipality covers 91.3 km² (88.25km² of which is land), and has a population of 539,542 (2011). The Lord Mayor of Copenhagen as of 2010 is Frank Jensen
Frank Jensen
Frank Jensen is a Danish politician, member of the Danish Social Democrats, and has been Lord Mayor of Copenhagen since 1 January 2010...

, a member of the Social Democrats
Social Democrats (Denmark)
The Social Democrats , is a Danish political party committed to the political ideology of social democracy. It is the major coalition partner in Denmark's government since the 2011 parliamentary election, and party leader Helle Thorning-Schmidt is the current Prime Minister of Denmark...

 (Socialdemokraterne) political party
Politics of Denmark
The Politics of Denmark takes place in a framework of a parliamentary, representative democratic, constitutional monarchy, in which the Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system...

, who is head of the Finance Committee. Other mayors are Bo Asmus Kjeldgaard (Technics and Environment Committee), Pia Allerslev (Cultural and Recreational Committee), Anne Vang (Children and Youth Committee), Ninna Thomsen (Health and Care Committee), Mikkel Warming
Mikkel Warming
Mikkel Warming has been the mayor of the social area in Copenhagen since 2005, and has been a member of the city council since 1994. Until 1996 he was a member of the Socialist People's Party until 1996 when he changed to the Red-Green Alliance.-References:...

 (Social Committee) and Klaus Bondam
Klaus Bondam
Klaus Bondam is a Danish actor and politician.Klaus Bondam got his breakthrough in the movie Festen and has starred in the series Langt fra Las Vegas as the sexually driven boss Buckingham...

 (Employment and Integration Committee).

The municipal seat of government is the Copenhagen City Hall
Copenhagen City Hall
Copenhagen City Hall is the headquarters of the Municipal Council as well as the Lord mayor of the City of Copenhagen, Denmark. The building is situated on The City Hall Square in central Copenhagen....

 .

Overview


Copenhagen municipality was one of the three last Danish municipalities not belonging to a county
Counties of Denmark
Denmark was until December 31, 2006 divided into 15 counties , and 270 municipalities . On January 1, 2007, the counties were replaced by five Regions and the number of municipalities slashed to 98....

 — the others being Frederiksberg
Frederiksberg
Frederiksberg Kommune is a municipality on the island of Zealand in Denmark. It surrounded by the city of Copenhagen. The municipality, co-extensive with its seat, covers an area of and has a total population of 98,782 making it the smallest municipality in Denmark area-wise, the fifth most...

 (the municipality with the smallest area and an enclave within Copenhagen municipality itself) and Bornholm
Bornholm
Bornholm is a Danish island in the Baltic Sea located to the east of the rest of Denmark, the south of Sweden, and the north of Poland. The main industries on the island include fishing, arts and crafts like glass making and pottery using locally worked clay, and dairy farming. Tourism is...

. On 1 January 2007, the municipality lost its county privileges and became part of Region Hovedstaden
Region Hovedstaden
The Capital Region of Denmark is an administrative region of Denmark established on January 1, 2007 as part of the 2007 Danish Municipal Reform, which replaced the traditional counties with five larger regions. At the same time, smaller municipalities were merged into larger units, cutting the...

 (i.e. the Copenhagen Capital Region).

Neighboring municipalities are Gentofte
Gentofte
Gentofte Kommune is a municipality in the Capital Region of Denmark on the east coast of the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of , and has a total population of 68,913...

, Gladsaxe
Gladsaxe
Gladsaxe Kommune is a municipality near Copenhagen in Region Hovedstaden on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 25 km², and has a total population of 62,562...

 and Herlev
Herlev
Herlev Kommune is a suburban municipality in Region Hovedstaden on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 12 km², and has a total population of 26,567 . Its mayor is Kjeld Hansen, a member of the Social Democrats political party...

 to the north, Rødovre
Rødovre
Rødovre Kommune is a municipality in Region Hovedstaden on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. Its mayor is Erik Nielsen, a member of the Social Democrats political party who hold a majority of seats in the council.-History:The municipality was created in 1901 when the parish of Rødovre was...

 and Hvidovre
Hvidovre
Hvidovre Kommune is a municipality in Region Hovedstaden near Copenhagen on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 22 km², and has a total population of 49,380...

 to the west, and Tårnby
Tårnby
Tårnby Kommune is a municipality bordering Copenhagen on the island of Amager just south of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality includes the islands of Saltholm and Peberholm, and covers an area of 65 km². It has a total population of 40,214...

 to the south. Frederiksberg
Frederiksberg
Frederiksberg Kommune is a municipality on the island of Zealand in Denmark. It surrounded by the city of Copenhagen. The municipality, co-extensive with its seat, covers an area of and has a total population of 98,782 making it the smallest municipality in Denmark area-wise, the fifth most...

 is located as an enclave within the municipality, and is thus surrounded by Copenhagen.

Copenhagen municipality was not merged with other municipalities on 1 January 2007 as the result of nationwide Kommunalreformen ("The Municipal Reform" of 2007).

Districts


The municipality is divided into 15 administrative, statistical and tax districts (bydele):
  • Indre By
    Indre By
    Indre By , also known as Copenhagen Center or K or Downtown Copenhagen or City, is one of the 15 administrative, statistical, and tax city districts comprising the municipality of Copenhagen, Denmark...

     ("Copenhagen Center")
  • Christianshavn
    Christianshavn
    Christianshavn is an artificial island neighbourhood located in Copenhagen, Denmark. It was founded in the early 17th century by Christian IV as part of his extension of the fortifications of Copenhagen. Originally it was laid out as an independent privileged merchant's town with inspiration from...

  • Indre Østerbro
    Indre Østerbro
    Indre Østerbro , is one of the 15 administrative, statistical, and tax city districts comprising the municipality of Copenhagen, Denmark. It lies on the eastern edge of the municipality...

     ("Inner Østerbro")
  • Ydre Østerbro
    Ydre Østerbro
    Ydre Østerbro is an area in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is the part of the district of Østerbro located farthest from the City Centre. It lies on the northeast border of the municipality...

     ("Outer Østerbro")
  • Indre Nørrebro
    Indre Nørrebro
    Indre Nørrebro , is one of the 15 administrative, statistical, and tax city districts comprising the municipality of Copenhagen, Denmark...

     ("Inner Nørrebro")
  • Ydre Nørrebro
    Ydre Nørrebro
    Ydre Nørrebro is an area in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is the part of the district of Nørrebro located farthest from the City Centre. It covers an area of 2.10 km², has a population of 41,497 and a population density of 19,733 per km², making it the most densely populated district in Copenhagen...

     ("Outer Nørrebro")
  • Vesterbro
  • Kongens Enghave
    Kongens Enghave
    Kongens Enghave , also known as Sydhavnen , is a district in southern Copenhagen. The area has historically been one of the poorest neighbourhoods in Copenhagen, dissected by major transport corridors and characterized by social problems as well as industry along the harbour-front.Since the turn...

  • Valby
    Valby
    ' is one of the 10 official districts of Copenhagen, Denmark. Located in the southwestern corner of Copenhagen Municipality, it is a heterogeneous mixture of different types of housing - including apartment blocks, terraced housing, areas with single-family houses and allotments, as well as remains...

  • Vanløse
    Vanløse
    Vanløse is one of the 10 official districts of Copenhagen, Denmark. It lies on the western border of the municipality. Vanløse covers an area of 6.69 km², and has a population of 36,115, making Vanløse the smallest district of Copenhagen, by population....

  • Brønshøj-Husum
    Brønshøj-Husum
    Brønshøj-Husum is one of the 10 official districts of Copenhagen, Denmark. It lies on the northwest border of the municipality. It covers an area of 8.73 km², has a population of 39,588...

  • Bispebjerg
    Bispebjerg
    Bispebjerg is one of the 10 official districts of Copenhagen, Denmark. It lies on the north border of the municipality. It covers an area of 5.39 km², has a population of 40,033, and a population density of 7,389 per km²....

  • Sundbyøster
    Sundbyøster
    Sundbyøster is one of the 15 administrative, statistical, and tax city districts comprising the municipality of Copenhagen, Denmark. It lies on the southeast border of the municipality on the island of Amager...

  • Sundbyvester
    Sundbyvester
    Sundbyvester is one of the 15 administrative, statistical, and tax city districts comprising the municipality of Copenhagen, Denmark. It lies on the south border of the municipality on the island of Amager...

  • Vestamager
    Vestamager
    Vestamager most often refers to Kalvebod Fælled, but is also the name of one of the 15 administrative, statistical, and tax city districts comprising the municipality of Copenhagen, Denmark. It lies on the south border of the municipality on the island of Amager...


  • Demography


    Historic population. The two figures for 1 February 1901 are before and after the municipality annexed some nearby parishes. The apparent decline since the mid-1900s are due to the figures not including the urban areas outside Copenhagen municipality.
    Date Year Population
    1450 est. 4–5,000
    1500 est. 10,000
    1650 est. 30,000
    1700 est. 65,000
    15 January 1769 80,000
    1 July 1787 90,032
    1 February 1801 100,975
    1 February 1840 120,819
    1 February 1850 129,695
    1 February 1860 155,143
    1 February 1870 181,291
    1 February 1880 234,850
    1 February 1890 312,859
    1 February (before annexation) 1901 360,787
    1 February (following annexation) 1901 400,575
    1 February 1911 462,161
    1 February 1921 561,344
    5 November 1930 617,069
    5 November 1940 700,465
    7 November 1950 768,105
    26 September 1960 721,381
    9 November 1970 622,773
    Year Population
    1971 625,671
    1972 610,985
    1973 595,751
    1974 576,030
    1975 562,405
    1976 545,350
    1977 529,154
    1978 515,594
    1979 505,974
    1980 498,850
    1981 493,771
    1982 490,597
    1983 486,593
    1984 482,937
    1985 478,615
    1986 473,000
    1987 469,706
    1988 468,704
    1989 467,850
    1990 466,723
    1991 464,773
    1992 464,566
    Year Population
    1993 466,129
    1994 467,253
    1995 471,300
    1996 476,751
    1997 483,658
    1998 487,969
    1999 491,082
    2000 495,699
    2001 499,148
    2002 500,531
    2003 501,285
    2004 501,664
    2005 502,362
    2006 501,158
    2007 503,699
    2008 509,861
    2009 518,574

    Politics and government



    The Copenhagen municipality
    Municipality
    A municipality is essentially an urban administrative division having corporate status and usually powers of self-government. It can also be used to mean the governing body of a municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district...

     is governed by Copenhagen's municipal council
    Municipal council
    A municipal council is the local government of a municipality. Specifically the term can refer to the institutions of various countries that can be translated by this term...

     .
    Council elections are held the third Tuesday of November every four years, the next time in 2013.

    Following the 2009 municipal elections, the 55 seats are divided in the following way:
    • The Socialdemocrats
      Social Democrats (Denmark)
      The Social Democrats , is a Danish political party committed to the political ideology of social democracy. It is the major coalition partner in Denmark's government since the 2011 parliamentary election, and party leader Helle Thorning-Schmidt is the current Prime Minister of Denmark...

       17
    • Socialist People's Party
      Socialist People's Party (Denmark)
      The Socialist People's Party is a green and socialist political party in Denmark.-1959–69:The SF was founded on 15 February 1959 by Aksel Larsen, a former leader of the Communist Party of Denmark and CIA agent. Larsen was removed from the ranks of the DKP for his criticism over the Soviet...

       13
    • The Red-Green Alliance
      Red-Green Alliance (Denmark)
      The Red-Green Alliance is a socialist political party in Denmark.- History :The party was formed in 1989 as an electoral alliance by three left-wing parties, Left Socialists , Communist Party of Denmark and Socialist Workers Party...

       6
    • Liberal party (Venstre)
      Venstre (Denmark)
      VenstreThe party name is officially not translated into any other language, but is in English often referred to as the Liberal Party. Similar rules apply for the name of the party's youth wing Venstres Ungdom. , full name Venstre, Danmarks Liberale Parti , is the largest political party in Denmark...

       6
    • Social Liberal Party (Det Radikale Venstre)
      Det Radikale Venstre
      The Danish Social Liberal Party is a social liberal political party in Denmark. The party is a member of Liberal International and the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party.-Origin:...

       5
    • Conservative People's Party
      Conservative People's Party (Denmark)
      The Conservative People's Party , also known as Conservatives is a Danish political party.-History:The party was founded 1915 based mostly on its predecessor, Højre , but also on the Free Conservatives and a moderate faction of Venstre , the liberals.The party has participated in several coalition...

       4
    • The Danish People's Party
      Danish People's Party
      The Danish People's Party is a political party in Denmark which is frequently described as right-wing populist by political scientists and commentators. The party is led by Pia Kjærsgaard...

       4


    The political leader/mayor of the Copenhagen municipality has since 1903 been a Social democrat.

    External links