Vietnam – sometimes spelled Viet Nam , officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam – is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, and the South China Sea –...
, there are three kinds of third-level (commune-level) administrative subdivisions: the rural commune
|A rural commune is a third-level administrative subdivision of Vietnam. Rural communes are subdivisions of counties , which are in turn subdivisions of provinces ....
, the commune-level town
|A commune-level town is a third-level administrative subdivision of Vietnam. Commune-level towns are subdivisions of counties , which are in turn subdivisions of provinces ....
，and the ward
|In Vietnam, there are three kinds of the third-level administrative subdivision: the rural coummune , commune-level town ，and ward ....
. In Vietnam a rural commune is referred to as a xã
and urban communes are referred to as Thị trấn
, urban townships. However many communities, particularly large urban ones with provincial status, will be divided into wards which are known as phường
As of December 31, 2008, there were a total of 9111 communes in Vietnam including townships and wards. Each commune may consist of a number of towns and villages but often urban districts are divided into residential neighborhoods or wards which differ from rural communes. Nghe An Province
has the highest number of communes in any province of Vietnam with a total of 437 communes.
During the second republic of the Republic of Vietnam, a communal school district chief would be appointed for each commune. They collaborate with other leaders including the police chiefs, treasurers of the communes, administrative officials, and civil service officials, and form "communal councils" . The council has a number of responsibilities, including monitoring health and education in the commune.