Command and Staff College

Command and Staff College

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{{No footnotes|date=June 2008}} :''For other similarly named Institutions, see [[Staff College]]'' The '''Command and Staff College''' was established in 1907 at [[Quetta]], [[Balochistan (Pakistan)|Balochistan]], [[British Raj]], now in [[Pakistan]], and is the oldest and the most prestigious institution of the [[Pakistan Army]]. It was established in 1905 in [[Deolali]] and moved to its present location at Quetta in 1907 under the name of Quetta Cadet College by [[Horatio Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener|Lord Kitchener]], [[Commander-in-Chief, India]]. It has been the alma mater of many renowned soldiers from countries all around the world. The College was previously affiliated with [[University of Balochistan]] but has recently been affiliated with the [[National Defence University, Islamabad|National Defence University]] (NDU) along with other staff and war colleges of Pakistan Navy and Air Force. ==Location== The Command and Staff College is located at [[Quetta]], the capital city of [[Balochistan (Pakistan)|Balochistan]], at the entrance to the picturesque Urak Valley. To the north, south-east and south-west stand the lonely sentinels of Takatu, Murdarghar and Chiltan, rising to heights of 930–1020 metres (10-11,000 ft). Lower than the Murdarghar and closer to the Staff College, is the Sleeping Beauty, which takes its name from its uncanny resemblance to a lady in repose. She is at her best when the first winter snow throws her in sharp contrast against the skyline. ==Motto== A scroll runs through the swords on which are inscribed the Persian words ''Pir Sho Biyamooz - Saadi''. Its literal translation is Grow old by learning - [[Saadi (poet)|Saadi]], who was a famous Persian poet. When paraphrased, it means, "Go on learning and acquiring knowledge until you are old." ==Organization== The College is headed by a commandant who is a general officer, and is organised into two wings, namely, the Headquarters Wing and the Instructional Wing. The Instructional Wing, headed by a Chief Instructor, is the mainstay of the college. The Senior Instructor Training of the rank of Colonel is responsible for curricular management and programming of all related activities, he is assisted General Staff Officer Grade 2, training 1. The faculty of research and doctrinal studies, commonly known as FORADS, is headed by a director of the rank of Colonel or Brigadier with four research sections, each being managed by a Directing Staff. The Instructional Wing has four instructional divisions, each under a Senior Instructor of the rank of Colonel. The Headquarters Wing provides administrative support to the Instructional Wing. ==Emblem== Since the Staff College is concerned with inculcating professional wisdom in the students, the 'OWL' was considered, at the time of its inception, to be the most appropriate symbol for the College. The emblem of the College perched on crossed swords. The 'OWL', symbol of learning and wisdom, and the swords, the Greek god of War, combined, thus, depict the character of this institution - the seat of military knowledge and wisdom. The same emblem was retained till 1950 when the Latin motto 'By the Pen as much as by the Sword' was replaced by the Persian Couplet, "Pir sho, beyamoz - Saadi". In 1956, as Pakistan became a Republic, the crown was removed. The symbol "Owl" for 74 years, was replaced by "Iqra", which symbolises the first word of command of Allah to Prophet Muhammad "IQRA BE ISME RABBEK ALLAZI KHALAQ" (Read in the name of thy Lord who created). It implies constant quest for multi-dimensional knowledge, application and effort. This centre-piece stands emblazoned on a gold and silver base which symbolizes molten earth in a perpetual state of evolutionary flux. Molten earth has been shown golden in the centre and light silvery at the circumference since a person of genuine scholarship and enlightenment ought to glow and serve as a beacon for others. The cross swords of the emblem are the traditional symbol of the Pakistan Army. ==Objectives== The Command and Staff College prepares its students not only to handle and employ their outfits confidently, but more importantly, provides them a broad outlook and intellectual depth to deal efficiently with more complex modes and methods of warfare under challenging leadership environment. At the end of the year, our graduate should: * Possess a deep insight into the employment of forces in tactical operations under prevailing battlefield environment. * Be able to confidently and imaginatively handle all operational and administrative staff functions and prepare his outfit to cohesively perform its challenging peace and war time roles. * Be able to discern the place of tactical plans within the ambit of operational strategy and joint services warfare. * Be able to thoughtfully apply modern leadership and management skills within our socio-religious setting. * Cultivate interest in broadening his vision, professional base and outlook and be able to research wide ranging issues of professional import. * Be able to comprehend the intricacies of international and regional political order, and its compulsions and implications. * Develop the acumen to identify the central issue of military and general problems and present clear and innovative options for their resolution. ==Selection criteria== The Pakistani officers who attend the Course must meet the following prerequisites and qualifications:- * '''Rank/Service:''' Captains/Majors with 8–12 years service. * '''Courses:''' Respective arm/service Mid Career Course and Promotion Examinations. * '''Selection Criteria:''' Based on merit list of a competitive examination, service record and professional standing. * '''Civil:''' Preferably Bachelor of Arts/Science to qualify for the award of Master of Science degree in Art and Science of Warfare from the National Defence University, Islamabad. ==Notable alumni== Field Marshals * [[Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell|Archibald Wavell]], [[Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein|Bernard Montgomery]], [[Claude Auchinleck]] and [[William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim|William Slim]] (United Kingdom) * [[Thomas Blamey]] (Australia) * [[Ayub Khan (Field Marshal)|Ayub Khan]] (Pakistan) * [[Sam Manekshaw]] (India) Generals * [[Muhammad Musa]], [[Yahya Khan]], [[Gul Hassan Khan]], [[Tikka Khan]], [[Rahimuddin Khan]], [[Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq]], [[Mirza Aslam Beg]], [[Asif Nawaz]] and [[Pervez Musharraf]] who all, later, became Pakistan Army's Chiefs or Chairmen Joint Chiefs * General [[M. A. G. Osmani]], Supreme Commander of Bangladesh Forces during the [[Bangladesh Liberation War]] ==Commandants== # Brigadier General A.W.L. Bayly # Brigadier General Sir [[Thompson Capper]] # Brigadier General [[Walter Braithwaite|W.P. Braithwaite]] # Major General Sir L.R. Vaughan # Major General Sir [[Gerald Boyd (British Army officer)|Gerald F. Boyd]] # Major General C.A.C. Goodwin # Major General [[Thomas Humphreys (British Army officer)|E.T. Humphreys]] # Major General R.C. Wilson # Major General G.C. Williams # Major General A.B. Haig # Brigadier Sir [[Philip Christison]] # Brigadier C.A. Osborne # Brigadier G.C. Evans # Brigadier B.H. Chappel # Brigadier H.V. Collingridge # Major General S.F. Irwin # Major General H.L. Davies # Major General I.C.A. Lauder DSO,OBE,PJK # Major General A. Tilly # Major General M.A. Latif Khan # Major General [[Mian Ghulam Jilani]] # Brigadier S.A.A. Bilgrami # Major General [[Sahabzada Yaqub Khan]] # Major General [[Akhtar Hussain Malik]] # Major General Abrar Hussain HJ, MBE # Major General [[Muhammad Shariff]] # Major General Azmat Bakhsh Awan # Major General Riaz Azim # Major General S. Wajahat Hussain # Major General Muhammad Iqbal # Major General Ahmad Shamim Khan # Major General [[Muhammad Safdar]] # Major General Rehm Dil Bhatti # Major General Muhammad Amin Khan Burki # Major General Syed Tanwir Husain Naqvi # Major General [[Ali Kuli Khan Khattak]] # Major General Saeeduz Zafar # Major General Syed Muhammad Amjad # Major General Javed Afzal Khan # Major General Tariq Waseem Ghazi # Major General Malik Arif Hayat # Major General Mohsin Kamal # Major General [[Ahmad Shuja Pasha]] # Lieutenant General Khalid Nawaz Khan # Lieutenant General Khalid Rabbani ==Notable Instructors== *General [[Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri]] Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army from 1962–1966 and the Military Governor of Hyderabad State from 1948-1949. ==External links== * [http://www.cscquetta.com/ Command and Staff College] {{Military of Pakistan}} {{coord missing|Pakistan}}