Cleveland, Mississippi

Cleveland, Mississippi

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Cleveland is a city in Bolivar County
Bolivar County, Mississippi
-Demographics:As of the census of 2000, there were 40,633 people, 13,776 households, and 9,725 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile . There were 14,939 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile...

, Mississippi
Mississippi
Mississippi is a U.S. state located in the Southern United States. Jackson is the state capital and largest city. The name of the state derives from the Mississippi River, which flows along its western boundary, whose name comes from the Ojibwe word misi-ziibi...

, United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

. The population was 12,334 as of the 2010 census.

Cleveland has a fairly large commercial economy, with numerous restaurants, stores, and services along U.S. Highway 61. Cleveland is one of the two county seats (the other being Rosedale
Rosedale, Mississippi
Rosedale is a city in Bolivar County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 2,414 at the 2000 census.It is the same "Rosedale" that bluesman Robert Johnson referenced in his song "Traveling Riverside Blues." Locals claim that Johnson sold his soul to the Devil at the intersection of...

) of Bolivar County, which was named for the South American liberator Simon Bolivar
Simón Bolívar
Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios Ponte y Yeiter, commonly known as Simón Bolívar was a Venezuelan military and political leader...

.

History


Named after President Grover Cleveland
Grover Cleveland
Stephen Grover Cleveland was the 22nd and 24th president of the United States. Cleveland is the only president to serve two non-consecutive terms and therefore is the only individual to be counted twice in the numbering of the presidents...

, the town began formation in 1869 as people moved inland from the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
The Mississippi River is the largest river system in North America. Flowing entirely in the United States, this river rises in western Minnesota and meanders slowly southwards for to the Mississippi River Delta at the Gulf of Mexico. With its many tributaries, the Mississippi's watershed drains...

. The Louisville, New Orleans & Texas Railroad
Louisville and Nashville Railroad
The Louisville and Nashville Railroad was a Class I railroad that operated freight and passenger services in the southeast United States.Chartered by the state of Kentucky in 1850, the L&N, as it was generally known, grew into one of the great success stories of American business...

 ran through the town and a portion of the railroad remains there today. Early records show the community was called Fontaine in 1884 and at some point Coleman's Station. Moses W. Coleman built the first home on the bayou
Bayou
A bayou is an American term for a body of water typically found in flat, low-lying areas, and can refer either to an extremely slow-moving stream or river , or to a marshy lake or wetland. The name "bayou" can also refer to creeks that see level changes due to tides and hold brackish water which...

 in the area. In 1885, it was officially named Sims after Rueben T. Sims, who owned part of the land on which the town stood. The village of Cleveland was chartered on March 25, 1886, and the United States Post Office recognized the town as such on August 5, 1887. It was Sims's son, B.C. Sims, who was responsible for the name change to Cleveland.

Geography


Cleveland is located at 33°44′31"N 90°43′36"W (33.742027, -90.726548).

According to the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...

, the city has a total area of 7.3 square miles (18.9 km²), all land.

Demographics


As of the census
Census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...

of 2000, there were 13,841 people, 4,718 households, and 3,132 families residing in the city. The population density
Population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...

 was 1,892.2 people per square mile (731.1/km²). There were 4,988 housing units at an average density of 681.9 per square mile (263.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 49.90% White, 48.26% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, and 0.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.94% of the population.

There were 4,718 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples
Marriage
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...

 living together, 21.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 20.2% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 83.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,466, and the median income for a family was $40,242. Males had a median income of $32,979 versus $23,643 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...

 for the city was $14,585. About 18.1% of families and 25.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.4% of those under age 18 and 28.8% of those age 65 or over.

Public High Schools

  • Cleveland High School
    Cleveland High School (Cleveland, Mississippi)
    Cleveland High School is a public high school serving 562 students in grades 9-12, located in Cleveland, Mississippi.Many students come from Margret Green Junior High School.-Athletics:...

  • East Side High School

Public Elementary/Junior High Schools

  • Alternative School
  • Nailor Elementary School
  • Cleveland Voc Tech Complex
  • D.M. Smith Middle
  • Cypress Parks Elementary School
  • Pearman Elementary School
  • Margaret Green Junior High School
    Margaret Green Junior High School
    Margaret Green Junior High School is a public school in Cleveland, Mississippi, with about 500 students in grades 6 through to 8. It also has a star program for grades 7 and 8 with 26 students in each grade....

     (MGJH)
  • Parks Elementary School
  • Hayes Cooper Center

Health care


Police Department


The city of Cleveland is served and protected by the Cleveland Police Department and is located on South Sharpe Avenue. Currently, forty-five people are employed by the department. Of the forty-five, thirty-nine are sworn police officers and six civilians serve in a support role. Sworn officers average out to one officer per three-hundred fifty-seven citizens.

Fire Department


The Cleveland Volunteer Fire Department is currently rated Class 5 by the State Rating Bureau and has 3 paid employees and 37 volunteer fire fighters. The paid employees include a Fire Inspector, Maintenance Engineer and Maintenance Assistant. All other positions are volunteer. The department operates from 2 separate fire stations and utilizes 2 front line pumpers, 2 rescue/utility vehicles, 1 aerial platform pumper, 1 Ford F-2500 with a bed mounted deluge gun, a Hazardous Materials Response Unit and 1 backup pumper for it’s daily operations. The department also operates a training facility that is home to a rope rescue tower, smoke house, ventilation simulator, drafting pit, and a Class A burn facility. The department is currently completing a confined space maze.

Historic marker


A marker was placed in Cleveland designating the nearby Dockery Plantation
Dockery Plantation
Dockery Plantation was a cotton plantation and sawmill on the Sunflower River between Ruleville and Cleveland, Mississippi. It is widely regarded as the place where Delta blues music was born. Blues musicians residents at Dockery included Charlie Patton, Robert Johnson and Howlin' Wolf...

, built by Will Dockery
Will Dockery
Will Dockery built from scratch the Dockery Plantation, the famous home of such original Delta blues musicians as Charley Patton, Robert Johnson, Son House, Howlin' Wolf, Willie Brown, Tommy Johnson, and Pops Staples.-Plantation:...

, as a site on the Mississippi Blues Trail
Mississippi Blues Trail
The Mississippi Blues Trail, created by the Mississippi Blues Commission, is a project to place interpretive markers at the most notable historical sites related to the growth of the blues throughout the state of Mississippi. The trail extends from the border of Louisiana in southern Mississippi...

 is an acknowledgment of the important contribution of the plantation to the development of the blues
Blues
Blues is the name given to both a musical form and a music genre that originated in African-American communities of primarily the "Deep South" of the United States at the end of the 19th century from spirituals, work songs, field hollers, shouts and chants, and rhymed simple narrative ballads...

 in Mississippi.

Governor Haley Barbour stated

Newspapers

  • The Bolivar Commercial
  • The Cleveland News Leader
    The Cleveland News Leader
    The Cleveland News Leader was a Sunday morning newspaper printed from 2004-2009 in Cleveland, Mississippi. The newspaper was founded by David Johnson, who served as its editor and publisher. The paper earned a reputation as an unusually hard-nosed newspaper for such a small town, making a name for...

  • The Cleveland Current

Television

  • Channel 6, WABG-TV
    WABG-TV
    WABG-TV is the ABC-affiliated television station for the Delta area of Northwestern Mississippi that is licensed to Greenwood. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on UHF channel 32 from a transmitter northeast of Inverness. The station can also be seen on Suddenlink channel 4 and in high...

    : ABC
    American Broadcasting Company
    The American Broadcasting Company is an American commercial broadcasting television network. Created in 1943 from the former NBC Blue radio network, ABC is owned by The Walt Disney Company and is part of Disney-ABC Television Group. Its first broadcast on television was in 1948...

  • Channel 8, WHCQ-LP
    WHCQ-LP
    WHCQ-LD is a digital low power television station licensed to Cleveland, Mississippi which broadcasts over the air on channel 8.1 across the Mississippi Delta. WHCQ is located in the Greenwood / Greenville television market. Some of the stations programs can also be seen in Webb, Mississippi on...

  • Channel 15, WXVT
    WXVT
    WXVT is the CBS-affiliated television station for the Delta area of Northwestern Mississippi that is licensed to Greenville. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on UHF channel 15 from a transmitter northeast of Shaw. Owned by Saga Communications, the station has studios on East Reed Road...

    : CBS
    CBS
    CBS Broadcasting Inc. is a major US commercial broadcasting television network, which started as a radio network. The name is derived from the initials of the network's former name, Columbia Broadcasting System. The network is sometimes referred to as the "Eye Network" in reference to the shape of...

  • Channel 23, WMAO-TV: PBS
    Public Broadcasting Service
    The Public Broadcasting Service is an American non-profit public broadcasting television network with 354 member TV stations in the United States which hold collective ownership. Its headquarters is in Arlington, Virginia....

    /Mississippi Public Broadcasting
    Mississippi Public Broadcasting
    Mississippi Public Broadcasting is the public broadcasting state network in Mississippi, United States. It is owned by the Mississippi Authority for Educational Television, an agency of the Mississippi state government that holds the licenses for all of the PBS and NPR member stations in the...

  • Channel 42, W41BV
  • Channel 53, K53FB

FM Radio

  • 90.9 WMAO-FM
    WMAO-FM
    WMAO-FM is a radio station licensed to Greenwood, Mississippi. The station is owned by the Mississippi Authority for Educational Television, and is an affiliate of the Mississippi Public Broadcasting Radio network.-External links:*...

    : Public Radio
  • 92.1 WKXY: Country Music
  • 92.9 WDTL-FM: Country Music
    Country music
    Country music is a popular American musical style that began in the rural Southern United States in the 1920s. It takes its roots from Western cowboy and folk music...

  • 93.9 WGRM-FM: Gospel Music
    Gospel music
    Gospel music is music that is written to express either personal, spiritual or a communal belief regarding Christian life, as well as to give a Christian alternative to mainstream secular music....

  • 95.3 WRKG: Classic rock
    Classic rock
    Classic rock is a radio format which developed from the album-oriented rock format in the early 1980s. In the United States, the classic rock format features music ranging generally from the late 1960s to the late 1980s, primarily focusing on the hard rock genre that peaked in popularity in the...

  • 96.9 WTCD: Talk Radio
  • 98.3 WDFX: Religious
  • 99.1 WYMX
    WYMX
    WYMX is a classic hits formatted radio station licensed to Greenwood, Mississippi, USA. The station is currently owned by Telesouth Communications.-Programming:The station has "Charlie in the Morning" during the day...

    : Hot AC
  • 100.7 WDMS
    WDMS
    WDMS is an American radio station licensed to Greenville, Mississippi, USA. The station is currently owned by WDMS, Inc. WDMS transmits 100,000 watts from a 135 meter tower, located in Greenville, Mississippi.-Engineer death:...

    : Country Music
    Country music
    Country music is a popular American musical style that began in the rural Southern United States in the 1920s. It takes its roots from Western cowboy and folk music...

  • 102.3 WIQQ
    WIQQ
    WIQQ is a radio station broadcasting a contemporary hit music format. Licensed to Leland, Mississippi, USA. The station is currently owned by Debut Broadcasting Mississippi.-External links:...

    : Top 40
  • 103.9 WCLD-FM: Urban Contemporary
    Urban contemporary
    Urban contemporary is a music radio format. The term was coined by the late New York DJ Frankie Crocker in the mid 1970s. Urban contemporary radio stations feature a playlist made up entirely of hip hop/rap, contemporary R&B, pop, electronica such as dubstep and drum and bass and Caribbean music...

  • 105.5 WNLA-FM
    WNLA-FM
    WNLA-FM is a radio station licensed to serve Indianola, Mississippi, USA. The station is owned by Debut Broadcasting Corporation, Inc., and licensed to Debut Broadcasting Mississippi, Inc....

    : Adult Contemporary
  • 106.5 WAID
    WAID
    WAID is a radio station broadcasting a Urban Contemporary format. Licensed to Clarksdale, Mississippi, USA. The station is currently owned by Radio Cleveland and features programing from ABC Radio ....

    : Urban Contemporary
    Urban contemporary
    Urban contemporary is a music radio format. The term was coined by the late New York DJ Frankie Crocker in the mid 1970s. Urban contemporary radio stations feature a playlist made up entirely of hip hop/rap, contemporary R&B, pop, electronica such as dubstep and drum and bass and Caribbean music...

  • 107.5 WMJW: Country Music
    Country music
    Country music is a popular American musical style that began in the rural Southern United States in the 1920s. It takes its roots from Western cowboy and folk music...


AM Radio

  • 640 WCRV
  • 710 KEEL
  • 810 WSJC
  • 940 WCPC
  • 1030 WGSF
  • 1090 KAAY
  • 1180 WJNT
  • 1260 WGVM
  • 1410 WDSK : Talk Radio
  • 1490 WCLD: Gospel Music
    Gospel music
    Gospel music is music that is written to express either personal, spiritual or a communal belief regarding Christian life, as well as to give a Christian alternative to mainstream secular music....

  • 1600 WMQM

External links