Cinema of Orissa

Cinema of Orissa

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"Ollywood" and "Oriya Film Industry" redirects here. For the article about Hollywood-inspired names see Hollywood-inspired names
Hollywood-inspired names
Hollywood is such an iconic name that various other locations associated with the film industry are nicknamed with Hollywood-inspired names. Most starting with the first letter of the location and ending in the letters "-ollywood" or "-wood".-South Asia:...

.

Oriya Film Industry or Ollywood refers to the Cuttack
Cuttack
Cuttack is the former capital of the state of Orissa, India. It is the headquarters of Cuttack district and is located about 20 km to the north east of Bhubaneswar, the capital of Orissa. The name of the city is an anglicised form of Kataka that literally means The Fort, a reference to the...

 and Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar is the capital of the Indian state of Orissa, officially Odisha. The city has a long history of over 2000 years starting with Chedi dynasty who had Sisupalgarh near present-day Bhubaneswar as their capital...

 based Oriya
Oriya language
Oriya , officially Odia from November, 2011, is an Indian language, belonging to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. It is mainly spoken in the Indian states of Orissa and West Bengal...

 film industry
Film
A film, also called a movie or motion picture, is a series of still or moving images. It is produced by recording photographic images with cameras, or by creating images using animation techniques or visual effects...

 in India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

. The origin of the name is disputed, and is believed to be a portmanteau of the words Oriya and Hollywood.

History


Oriya films have no silent movie like Bengali and Assamese cinema. It started straight way with a talkie. The first Oriya talkie Sita Bibaha was made by Mohan Sunder Deb Goswami in 1936. Drawn from the great Indian epic Ramayana
Ramayana
The Ramayana is an ancient Sanskrit epic. It is ascribed to the Hindu sage Valmiki and forms an important part of the Hindu canon , considered to be itihāsa. The Ramayana is one of the two great epics of India and Nepal, the other being the Mahabharata...

, the story tells about the marriage of Sita
SITA
SITA is a multinational information technology company specialising in providing IT and telecommunication services to the air transport industry...

 with Ram
Rama
Rama or full name Ramachandra is considered to be the seventh avatar of Vishnu in Hinduism, and a king of Ayodhya in ancient Indian...

. The actual plot was made from a drama written by Kamala Mishra. Prepared with a purse of only Rs 30,000, the film has 14 song sequences. Despite it being the first Oriya film with several drawbacks in every section of its making, the two-hour-long movie generated great enthusiasm among the people.Released by Laksmi Talkies, the 12-reeled film had in its cast line Makhanlal Banerjee (Ram) who received only Rs 120 for his performance, Aditya Ballav Mohanty (Lakhsman) who got only Rs 35 as conveyance allowance and Prabati Devi (Sita) who was paid the highest amount of Rs 150. This was a landmark film of Oriya Film Industry.



The pace of Oriya film production in the initial years was very slow. After Sita Bibaha, only two films were produced till 1951. A joint consortium of landlords and businessmen who collected fund after 1948 produced those two movies. The 1951 production Roles to Eight was the first Oriya film having an English name. It was released after 15 years of the first Oriya film Sita Bibaha. It was the fourth Oriya film produced by Ratikant Padhi.The eleventh Oriya film Sri Lokenath
Sri Lokenath
Sri Lokenath is an Oriya film directed by Prafulla Sengupta, and based on the story by Aswini Kumar Ghosh. The Indian socio-fantasy film won a National Film Award in 1960, and was the 11th Oriya film produced under Ruprang Pvt. Ltd..-Plot:...

 was the first Oriya film, which got National Award in 1960 directed by Prafulla Sengupta.


The same year, Prasanta Nanda won National Award as best actor for the film Nua Bou
Nua Bou
Nua Bou , is a 1962 Indian Oriya film directed by Prabhat Mukherjee, which presents the sociocultural scenario of rural village in India in 70's.- Synopsis :...

 with his debut film. The name of Prasanta Nanda would always come while dealing with Oriya Film Industry. He was present in Oriya films since 1939, but he became super active only after 1976. Nanda served Oriya Film Industry as an actor, director, screenplay writer, and lyricist and even as a playback singer. Such a versatile genius is quite rare in Indian cinema history. Nanda alone carried Oriya films into the national honor list by winning National Awards for three times in 1960, 1966 and 1969 for his acting in Nua Bou
Nua Bou
Nua Bou , is a 1962 Indian Oriya film directed by Prabhat Mukherjee, which presents the sociocultural scenario of rural village in India in 70's.- Synopsis :...

, Matir Manisha and Adina Megha
Adina Megha
-Cast:* Prashanta Nanda - Suresh* Jharana Das -Champak* Sandhya* Bhanumati Devi* Dukhiram Swain* Niranjan* Geeta* Sagar* Janaki- Songs :*Alapa Hashare**Lyric:Narayan Prasad Singh , Singers: Akshya Mohanty & Sikandara Alam...

.

Mohammed Mohsin started the revolution in the Oriya film industry by not only securing the essence of the Oriya culture
Oriya culture
-Dance:Odissi or Orissi dance and music is classified as a classical music of India. Odissi has a long, unbroken tradition of 2,000 years, and finds mention in the Natyashastra of Bharatamuni, possibly written circa 200 BC...

 but also bringing in the newness in the way the film industry was watching Oriya movies. His movies heralded in the golden era of the Oriya film industry by bringing in freshness to Oriya movies. His directorial debut was Phoola Chandana for which he won the best director award from the state.He had to his credit 16 box office successful movies in his directorial stint. He started as an actor in character roles and gave household names like Raaka to Orissa. Mohsin stated his career with B.R.Chopra as an assistant director before making his presence felt in the Oriya film industry.

Uttam Mohanty
Uttam Mohanty
Uttam Mohanty is one of the most popular Ollywood stars in the state of Orissa in India.-Early life:Uttam Mohanty is one of the most popular Ollywood stars in the state of Orissa in India. He has to his credit more than 135 Oriya films to date and has acted in 30 Bengali films and in the only...

, whose debut film Abhiman won accolade, is now the ruling hero of the Oriya Film Industry. His wife Aparajita Mohanty
Aparajita Mohanty
Aparajita Mohanty is an Oriya movie actress based in Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India. She is the wife of Oriya actor Uttam Mohanty and mother of actor Babushan Mohanty.-Filmography:-External links:**...

 is also a roaring heroine. Actress Nandita Das
Nandita Das
Nandita Das is an award-winning Indian film actress and director. As an actress, she is known for her performances in Fire , Earth , Bawandar , Kannathil Muthamittal and Aamaar Bhuvan . As a director, she is known for her directorial debut Firaaq , which has won a number of national and...

, who acted in several Hindi movies like Fire, has Oriya origin. She acted in Susanta Misra directed Biswaprakash
Biswaprakash
Biswaprakash is a 1999 India Oriya film directed by Susant Misra. This multi-layered plot with complex characters has been young and acclaimed filmmaker Susant Mishra’s favourite format on celluloid like his earlier acclaimed film Indradhanura Chhai that claimed the Grand Prix prize at the Soochi...

 which won National Award in 2000. But many critic have so far termed Bijay Mohanty and Mihir Das
Mihir Das
- Filmography :- References :*...

 to be two of the best ever Oriya actors so far. Siddhanta Mahapatra
Siddhanta Mahapatra
Siddhanta Mahapatra is one of the most popular Ollywood and Tollywood Bangla stars in the state of Orissa in India. Sidhanta Mahapatra made his debut in films with Sradhanjali.-Early life:...

, a new generation star, has an increasing number of fans following rightly to be included amongst all time greats. Archita, another successful actress in the millennium era of Oriya cinema has been also hitting the silver screen with a golden touch.Anubhab Mohanty is a well known name in ollywood. He is famous for his action and romantic movie.

Oriya Film Industry, especially in 1960s and in 1970s, were highly indebted to Bengali films. Several Bengali directors help their Oriya counterparts to help make films. Eminent director Mrinal Sen
Mrinal Sen
Mrinal Sen is a Bengali Indian filmmaker. He was born on 14 May 1923, in the town of Faridpur, now in Bangladesh in a Hindu family. After finishing his high school there, he left home to come to Calcutta as a student and studied physics at the well-known Scottish Church College and at the...

 even directed an Oriya film Matira Manisha
Matira Manisha
Matira Manisha is a 1966 Oriya film, from India, directed by Mrinal Sen.Based on the novel by Kalindi Charan Panigrahi of the same name, the film contrasts traditional and modern values as exemplified by the different attitudes of two brothers towards their inherited family land...

 which won National Award for best actor Prashanta Nanda
Prashanta Nanda
Prashanta Nanda is one of the most popular Oriya Movie stars in the state of Orissa in India. He served Oriya Film Industry as an actor, director, screenplay writer, and lyricist and even as a playback singer. He was also former Minister of State of Orissa.-Life and career:In 1962, he won...

.

Writers


Gopal Chhotray,Devdas Chhotray, Bijoy mishra, Abhijit ghatwari, Rajniranjan Das, Saranarabinda, Nizam, Sirsananda Das Kanoongo and his brother Paramananda Behera, Rajani ranjan, Pradipta Nanda, Nirmala Nayak and new generation lyricist Subrat Swain have made his strong reach in Cinema industry.

Actors


Late Mr. Byomakesh Tripathy, Mohammed Mohsin, Gopal Ghosh, Goura Prasad Ghosh, Sarat Pujari
Sarat Pujari
Sarat Pujari is one of the noted actors of Oriya film industry. He pioneered the Oriya cinema in the early sixties.He born on 8.8.1934 at Nayagarh.His early education completed in many schools all over Orissa .After that he has completed his post graduation in Economics and Diploma in Paintings in...

, Akshya Mohanty, Pramod Panigrahi, Shriram Panda, Harish Mohapatra, Prasanta Nanda, Suresh Mishra, Gobinda Tej, Uttam Mohanty
Uttam Mohanty
Uttam Mohanty is one of the most popular Ollywood stars in the state of Orissa in India.-Early life:Uttam Mohanty is one of the most popular Ollywood stars in the state of Orissa in India. He has to his credit more than 135 Oriya films to date and has acted in 30 Bengali films and in the only...

, Chakrapani
Chakrapani
Aluri Chakrapani or Aluri Venkata Subbarao was a multilingual genius and a popular writer and director of South Indian films.-Early life:...

, Bijay Mohanty
Bijay Mohanty
Bijay Mohanty is regarded as the most versatile actor of Oriya Cinema for more than 33 years. He is a National award winning actor and has played diverse roles in more than 180 films and has acted in Oriya, Bengali, Hindi and Telegu films. Three of his films have bagged the prestigious National...

, Ajit Das, Ajit Kar, Kasi Ratha, Srikanta Nanda, Prithwiraj Nayak, Mihir Das
Mihir Das
- Filmography :- References :*...

, Siddhanta Mohapatra, Anubhav Mohanty
Anubhav Mohanty
Anubhav Mohanty is an Ollywood and Tollywood Bangla stars in the state of Orissa in India. Anubhav Mohanty made his debut in films in I Love You in 2005 opposite Mumbai based TV actress Namrata Thapa...

, Abhishek Behura, Asit Pati, Sritam Das, Mithun Chakrabarty, Sunil Kumar, Arindam Roy
Arindam Roy
Arindam Roy , born on 18 October and brought up in Jamshedpur, is one of the most popular person in the state of Jharkhand in India. He is an commerce graduate from Christ College, Goa and has a degree from the National Institute of Sports , Bangalore.He made his debut in oriya films with Prema...

, Sagar Mishra, Samaresh Routray, Dusmanta, Abhaya Kumar, Buddhaditya, Bijoy Kumar Bhoyian, Chandan Kar
Chandan Kar
Chandan Kar is an Ollywood actor in the state of Orissa in India.Chandan Kar made his debut in films with the blockbuster Babu I Love You in 2006 opposite actress Archita Sahu.- Early Life :...

, Sabyasachi Misra, Abhijit Ghatwari, Bobby Mishra, Ashrumochan Mohanty, Rahul Dhal Praharaj , Babushan, pintu nanda, Pintoo,[samitkumar]

Actresses


Jyoti Pani, Archita Sahu
Archita Sahu
-Life and career:Archita was born in the city of Bhubaneswar.She completed her schooling from D.M School. She is also a talented Odissi dancer who has also won National Scholarship in Odissi. In 2004, she was crowned as Miss Kalinga.She did her first Oriya film 'O My Love' in 2005, even before...

, Uma Devi, Gloria Mohanty, Chapala Nayak, Gitisudha Jena, Urbasi Tripathy, Dr.Sukhalata Das, Minati Das, Jharana Das, Sujata Anand, Soudamini Mishra, Geeta Rao, Banaja Mohanty, Niharika Sahoo, Anita Das, Mahasweta Roy
Mahasweta Roy
Mahashweta Ray - Belongs to Puri, Orissa. She has been a leading actress in Oriya as well as in Bengali film industry for a long time. Ray has often been critically acclaimed as one of the best Oriya actresses so far...

, Rita Chand, Tandra Ray
Tandra Ray
Tandra Ray is one of the ace actresses of Oriya Film Industry. She worked in a number of films during the 80's and 90's. She has married to Bijay Mohanty who is also an outsatanding actor. Her first film was "Chilika Tire" alongside Bijay Mohanty...

, Kshyanaprava Sadangi, Tripura Mishra, Mala Bose, Mamata Ray Choudhury, Dipa Sahoo, Rupalekha ray, Malabika Mohanty, Subhra Pati, Minu, Jaya
Jaya
Jaya is a Filipino soul music, singer, rapper, dancer, record producer, TV host, and actress of mixed Filipino and African American descent...

, Shrabani, Bijayini Mishra, Aparajita Mohanty
Aparajita Mohanty
Aparajita Mohanty is an Oriya movie actress based in Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India. She is the wife of Oriya actor Uttam Mohanty and mother of actor Babushan Mohanty.-Filmography:-External links:**...

, Tapati Bhatacharya, Sangeeta Das, Mala Mathews, Baishali, Rameswari, Archana Joglekar, Indira Krishnan, ShreePrada, Mohini(Punum Jhabar) Shehnaz Aarminta Prajukta Kulkarni Rachana Banerjee
Rachana Banerjee
Rachana Banerjee is a Bengali actress in Calcutta-based Bengali Cinema at Tollywood.She was born on October 2, 1978 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India. Apart from Bengali movies she has also done several Oriya movies, many along with Siddhanta Mahapatra...

 Chandiata Sabat Puspita Arura
Arura
Arura or aroura , is a Homeric Greek word with original meaning "arable land", derived from the verb "ἀρόω" , "plough". The word was also used generally for earth, land and father-land and in plural to describe corn-lands and fields...

 Singdha Mohanty, Dipti Nath, Anjana
Anjana
' was the mother of Hanuman and Maruti Anjana and Kesari named him after their first son Hanuman he is said to be born when Hanuman was 16 years old and it is said hey has taken an avatar on earth and believed to be still alive . one of the heroes of the Indian epic, the Ramayana...

, Kanta Singh, Puja Mishra, Jyoti Mishra, Ushasi Mishra, Sweta Mallik, Mama Mishra, Chinki, Pinki Pradhan, Meghana Mishra, Sangita Satpathy, Sasmita Pradhan, Moumita, Arpita
Arpita
Arpita is an Indian name for a female.In Hindi language, 'Arpita' means dedication to the divine . People devote flowers to God, service to poor, and some even devote their complete lives to a cause or belief....

, Debashree Roy
Debashree Roy
Debashree Roy is a Bengali cinema actress. She acted in more than 100 films and has 40 awards, including a National Film Award for Best Actress for the film Unishe April in 1995. She was also known by the name 'Chintamani' in Tamil Nadu, when she acted in a few Tamil movies.- Early life :She was...

, Koyall, Rupa Ganguli, Dipti Naval, Nandita Das
Nandita Das
Nandita Das is an award-winning Indian film actress and director. As an actress, she is known for her performances in Fire , Earth , Bawandar , Kannathil Muthamittal and Aamaar Bhuvan . As a director, she is known for her directorial debut Firaaq , which has won a number of national and...

, Manaswini Ray, Pushpa Panda, Lekha Nanda, Anushree, Jaya Mill, Manjula Kuanra, Manju Pradhan, Roja Ramani
Roja Ramani
Roja Ramani is a South Indian movie actress who predominantly worked in Telugu cinema. She was a child star in her debut movie Bhakta Prahlada , and was popular during the 1970s and early 1980s. She has acted in Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, and Malayalam movies...

, Rekha Jain, Anu Chowdhury
Anu Chowdhury
Anu Choudhury born Choudhury Anasuya Dash on August 30, 1979 is a leading Oriya language and Bengali actress in Bhubaneswar based Oriya Cinema at Ollywood and calcutta based Bengali Cinema at Tollywood respectively.She has starred in more than 50 films...

, Barsha Priyadarshini
Barsha Priyadarshini
Barsha Priyadarshini, is a leading Oriya language and Bengali actress in Bhubaneswar based Oriya Cinema at Ollywood and calcutta based Bengali Cinema at Tollywood respectively...

, Gayatri Jariwala, Mamuni, Naina Das
Naina Das
Naina Das is a leading Oriya actress in Bhubaneswar based Oriya Cinema otherwise known as Ollywood and also in television.-Filmography:...

, Ritu Das, Upasana Singh
Upasana Singh
Upasana Singh is a Punjabi film star who has worked in many Punjabi, Hindi and Gujarati films and have played special roles in Bollywood films as well...

, Mithi, Debajani, Adyasa, Lisa Mohanty, Namrata, Lipi Parida, Nikita, Leslie Tripathy, Jaya
Jaya
Jaya is a Filipino soul music, singer, rapper, dancer, record producer, TV host, and actress of mixed Filipino and African American descent...

, Dipti Rekha Panda, Dipa Sahoo, Priyambada Ray, Antara Biswas
Antara Biswas
Antara Biswas is an Indian actress. She was born to a Bengali Hindu family. She adopted the stage name of Mona Lisa at the behest of her uncle...

, Priyanka Mohapatra, Anisha Das, Nila Mohapatra

Directors


Late Byomakesh Tripathy, Mohammed Mohsin, Raju Mishra, Prasant Nanda, Pranab Das, Surya Mishra, Hara Patnaik
Hara Patnaik
Hara Pattanaik is an Oriya film actor, director and screenplay writer. He was born the city of Cuttack of Orissa, India-Awards and accreditation:...

, Anirban duttaRavi Kinagi, Vijoy Bhaskar, Bijay Mishra, Jitendra Mohapatra, Basant Sahu, Avatar Singha, Manmohan Mahapatra, Nirad N. Mohapatra
Nirad N. Mohapatra
Nirad N. Mohapatra is an Indian film director.Nirad N Mohapatra was born in Orissa, an Eastern state of India. He was the eldest of 7 siblings. His father was a freedom fighter , journalist and later entered politics in independent India. His mother was a teacher in school...

, Sabyasachi Mohapatra
Sabyasachi Mohapatra
Sabyasachi Mohapatra is an Oriya film director and producer. He was born at Lehedi, Subarnapur, Orissa, India.-References:...

, Bijaya Jena
Bijaya Jena
Bijaya Jena is an Indian actor, film director and producer.-Early years:Jena is the youngest of 3 children, born into a family of academicians and aristocrats...

, Himansu S. Khatua, jatin kumar, Gudia Mohapatra, N.Padhi, Gadadhar Puty, Bijoy Ketan Mishra
Bijoy Ketan Mishra
Bijoy Ketan Mishra is a Director of Art films in Oriya, in Orissa, India. He is also an independent media production professional.Mishra's maiden directional effort is "Ahalya" , a movie depicting the mute suffering of a hapless woman, widowed in her childhood...


Music directors


Balakrushna Dash, Rakhal Mohanty, P.Upendra Kumar, Akshaya Mohanty
Akshaya Mohanty
Akshaya Kumar Mohanty was a multi-faceted music personality from Orissa, India. Though most popular as a singer-composer, he was also a lyricist...

, Prafulla Kar, Shantanu Mohapatra, Basudeba Rath, Saroj Pattanaik; Saroj Nanda, Manmatha Mishra, Swarup Nayak, Abhijit Majumdar, Malaya Mishra, Purna Khuntia, Rahul Dhal Praharaj

Received awards

  • National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Oriya
    National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Oriya
    The Best Feature Film in Oriya is a National Film Award . Oriya is a national language of India. Previous award winners are as follows:...

  • National Film Award for Best Supporting Actress
    National Film Award for Best Supporting Actress
    The National Film Award for Best Supporting Actress winners:...

    (1987)-Manjula Kanwar  for Bhanga Silata
  • National Film Award for Best Child Artist
    National Film Award for Best Child Artist
    The National Film Award for Best Child Artist winners:-References:*...

    (1994)-Tarasankar Misra for Lavanya Preethi
  • Orissa State Government Award for Best Director (1997) - Bijoy Ketan Mishra for the film "Ahalya"

See also

  • List of Oriya films
  • Sambalpuri Cinema
    Sambalpuri Cinema
    -Introduction:The first ever Sambalpuri movie released was Bhukha or Bhuka. It was released in the year 1989 and was directed by Sabyasachi Mohapatra. It was also the first film from Orissa to get an International Jury Award at the Gijon International Film Festival. The second film in Sambalpuri...

  • Cinema of the world
  • Bollywood
    Bollywood
    Bollywood is the informal term popularly used for the Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai , Maharashtra, India. The term is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Indian cinema; it is only a part of the total Indian film industry, which includes other production centers producing...

  • Kollywood
    Kollywood
    Kollywood is a word referring two different movie industries in India and Nepal, derived from the word Hollywood and their local movie centers.* Tamil cinema, the Tamil language film industry based on Kodambakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu,...

  • Mollywood
    Mollywood
    Mollywood may refer to:* Malayalam Cinema, sector of Indian film industry* LDS cinema, Mormon film industry...

  • Lollywood
    Lollywood
    Lollywood refers to the Pakistani film industry based in the city of Lahore. The word "Lollywood" was first coined in the summer of 1989 in the now defunct magazine "Glamour" published from Karachi by a gossip columnist Saleem Nasir. The film industry in Lahore started in 1929 with the opening of...

  • Kariwood
    Kariwood
    Cinema in Karachi or Kariwood had its golden days in 1960s when some of the prominent film studios were located in Karachi, making films for the viewership of a large and growing middle class as well working-class population....

  • Tollywood (disambiguation)
  • Cinema of India
    Cinema of India
    The cinema of India consists of films produced across India, which includes the cinematic culture of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, and West Bengal. Indian films came to be followed throughout South Asia and...


External links