Chungcheongbuk-do

Chungcheongbuk-do

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Chungcheongbuk-do is a province
Administrative divisions of South Korea
||South Korea is divided into 8 provinces , 1 special autonomous province , 6 metropolitan cities , and 1 special city...

 in the centre of South Korea
South Korea
The Republic of Korea , , is a sovereign state in East Asia, located on the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula. It is neighbored by the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east, North Korea to the north, and the East China Sea and Republic of China to the south...

. It was formed in 1896 from the northeastern half of the former Chungcheong
Chungcheong
Chungcheong was one of the eight provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. Chungcheong was located in the southwest of Korea...

 province. The provincial capital is Cheongju
Cheongju
Cheongju is the capital city of Chungcheongbuk-do , South Korea. The city is divided into two wards , Heungdeok-gu and Sangdang-gu .-History:...

.

Geography


The province is part of the Hoseo region
Regions of Korea
Korea has traditionally been divided into a number of unofficial regions that reflect historical, geographical, and dialect boundaries within the peninsula...

, and is bounded on the west by Chungcheongnam-do
Chungcheongnam-do
Chungcheongnam-do or Chungnam is a province in the west of South Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the south-western half of the former Chungcheong Province and remained a province of Korea until the country's division in 1945, thereafter becoming part of South Korea...

 province, on the north by Gyeonggi-do
Gyeonggi-do
Gyeonggi-do is the most populous province in South Korea. The provincial capital is located at Suwon. Seoul—South Korea's largest city and national capital—is located in the heart of the province, but has been separately administered as a provincial-level special city since 1946...

 and Gangwon-do
Gangwon-do (South Korea)
Gangwon-do is a province of South Korea, with its capital at Chuncheon. Before the division of Korea in 1945, Gangwon and its North Korean neighbour Kangwŏn formed a single province.-History:...

 provinces, on the south by Jeollabuk-do
Jeollabuk-do
Jeollabuk-do is a province in the southwest of South Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former Jeolla province, and remained a province of Korea until the country's division in 1945, then became part of South Korea...

 province, and on the east by Gyeongsangbuk-do
Gyeongsangbuk-do
Gyeongsangbuk-do or shortly Gyeongbuk is a province in eastern South Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former Gyeongsang province, remained a province of Korea until the country's division in 1945, then became part of South Korea.The Gyeongsangbuk-do Office is...

. Chungcheongbuk-do is the only land-locked province in South Korea
South Korea
The Republic of Korea , , is a sovereign state in East Asia, located on the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula. It is neighbored by the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east, North Korea to the north, and the East China Sea and Republic of China to the south...

. The province is mostly mountainous, dominated by the Noryeong Mountains to the north and the Sobaek Mountains
Sobaek Mountains
The Sobaek Mountains are a mountain range cutting across the southern Korean peninsula. They split off from the Taebaek Mountains and trend southwest across the center of the peninsula. They are traditionally considered to reach their southwestern limit at Jirisan, which is also the highest peak...

 to the east.

It is also the only true landlocked province in the Republic of Korea.

Resources


Agricultural products includes rice
Rice
Rice is the seed of the monocot plants Oryza sativa or Oryza glaberrima . As a cereal grain, it is the most important staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and the West Indies...

, barley
Barley
Barley is a major cereal grain, a member of the grass family. It serves as a major animal fodder, as a base malt for beer and certain distilled beverages, and as a component of various health foods...

, beans, and potato
Potato
The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial Solanum tuberosum of the Solanaceae family . The word potato may refer to the plant itself as well as the edible tuber. In the region of the Andes, there are some other closely related cultivated potato species...

es, but the province specializes in ginseng
Ginseng
Ginseng is any one of eleven species of slow-growing perennial plants with fleshy roots, belonging to the genus Panax of the family Araliaceae....

 and tobacco
Tobacco
Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. It can be consumed, used as a pesticide and, in the form of nicotine tartrate, used in some medicines...

. The tobacco was introduced from the US in 1912, transplanted from Virginia
Virginia
The Commonwealth of Virginia , is a U.S. state on the Atlantic Coast of the Southern United States. Virginia is nicknamed the "Old Dominion" and sometimes the "Mother of Presidents" after the eight U.S. presidents born there...

.

There are mineral reserves of gold
Gold
Gold is a chemical element with the symbol Au and an atomic number of 79. Gold is a dense, soft, shiny, malleable and ductile metal. Pure gold has a bright yellow color and luster traditionally considered attractive, which it maintains without oxidizing in air or water. Chemically, gold is a...

, iron
Iron
Iron is a chemical element with the symbol Fe and atomic number 26. It is a metal in the first transition series. It is the most common element forming the planet Earth as a whole, forming much of Earth's outer and inner core. It is the fourth most common element in the Earth's crust...

, coal
Coal
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams. The harder forms, such as anthracite coal, can be regarded as metamorphic rock because of later exposure to elevated temperature and pressure...

, steatite, fluorite
Fluorite
Fluorite is a halide mineral composed of calcium fluoride, CaF2. It is an isometric mineral with a cubic habit, though octahedral and more complex isometric forms are not uncommon...

, and molybdenum
Molybdenum
Molybdenum , is a Group 6 chemical element with the symbol Mo and atomic number 42. The name is from Neo-Latin Molybdaenum, from Ancient Greek , meaning lead, itself proposed as a loanword from Anatolian Luvian and Lydian languages, since its ores were confused with lead ores...

, as well as marble
Marble
Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite.Geologists use the term "marble" to refer to metamorphosed limestone; however stonemasons use the term more broadly to encompass unmetamorphosed limestone.Marble is commonly used for...

 and limestone
Limestone
Limestone is a sedimentary rock composed largely of the minerals calcite and aragonite, which are different crystal forms of calcium carbonate . Many limestones are composed from skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral or foraminifera....

 in the northern part of the province. Silk weaving plays an important role.

Attractions


The main attractions in the province are Mount Songni (1058 metres (3,471.1 ft)) in the Sobaek mountains and its national park. Beopjusa
Beopjusa
Beopjusa is a head temple of the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism. It is situated on the slopes of Songnisan in Naesongni-myeon, Boeun County, in the province of Chungcheongbuk-do, South Korea. It was initially constructed in 653 by the Silla monk Uisin...

, the site of one of the oldest temples of Korea
Korea
Korea ) is an East Asian geographic region that is currently divided into two separate sovereign states — North Korea and South Korea. Located on the Korean Peninsula, Korea is bordered by the People's Republic of China to the northwest, Russia to the northeast, and is separated from Japan to the...

 is located in this national park, as in Guinsa
Guinsa
Guinsa, in the Yeonhwa area of the Sobaek Mountains located near Danyang in Chungcheongbuk-do, South Korea, is the headquarters of the Cheontae school of Korean Buddhism...

, the headquarters of the Cheontae
Cheontae
Cheontae is the Korean descendant of the Chinese Buddhist school Tiantai. Tiantai was introduced to Korea a couple of times during earlier periods, but was not firmly established until the time of Uicheon who established Cheontae in Goryeo as an independent school.Due to Uicheon's influence, it...

 sect. There is another national park around Mount Worak.

Administrative divisions



Chungcheongbuk-do is divided into 3 cities (si) and 9 counties (gun). Each entity is listed below in English, hangul
Hangul
Hangul,Pronounced or ; Korean: 한글 Hangeul/Han'gŭl or 조선글 Chosŏn'gŭl/Joseongeul the Korean alphabet, is the native alphabet of the Korean language. It is a separate script from Hanja, the logographic Chinese characters which are also sometimes used to write Korean...

, and hanja
Hanja
Hanja is the Korean name for the Chinese characters hanzi. More specifically, it refers to those Chinese characters borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the Korean language with Korean pronunciation...

.

Cities

  • Cheongju
    Cheongju
    Cheongju is the capital city of Chungcheongbuk-do , South Korea. The city is divided into two wards , Heungdeok-gu and Sangdang-gu .-History:...

     (청주시, 淸州市, capital)
  • Chungju
    Chungju
    Chungju is a city in North Chungcheong province, South Korea. Namsan is a mountain located on the outskirts of the city.The city is famous for the annual martial arts festival held in October. Also of note, UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon grew up here....

     (충주시, 忠州市)
  • Jecheon
    Jecheon
    Jecheon is a city in Chungcheongbuk-do , South Korea. The city is a major railway junction , served by the Jungang, Chungbuk and Taebaek Lines. Jecheon has scenic surroundings and several tourist spots like the Uirimji Reservoir, Cheongpung Lake and Cheongpung Cultural Properties Complex...

     (제천시, 堤川市)

  • Counties

    • Boeun County
      Boeun County
      Boeun County is a county in North Chungcheong Province, South Korea.-History:Boeun, literally "offering gratitude" or "thanksgiving", was named in 1406 by a remorseful King Taejong, who felt relieved that he had cleared his conscience after having participated at a ceremonial ritual at the local...

       (보은군, 報恩郡)
    • Cheongwon County
      Cheongwon County
      Cheongwon County is a county in North Chungcheong Province, South Korea.-External links:*...

       (청원군, 淸原郡)
    • Danyang County
      Danyang County
      Danyang County is a county in North Chungcheong Province, South Korea.-Symbols:*county tree: Yew tree*county bird: Magpie*county flower: Royal Azalea-Geography:...

       (단양군, 丹陽郡)
  • Eumseong County
    Eumseong County
    Eumseong County is a county in North Chungcheong Province, South Korea.It is the birthplace of UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon....

     (음성군, 陰城郡)
  • Goesan County
    Goesan County
    Goesan County is a county in North Chungcheong Province, South Korea.-External links:*...

      (괴산군, 槐山郡)
  • Jincheon County (진천군, 鎭川郡)
  • Okcheon County
    Okcheon County
    Okcheon County is a county in North Chungcheong Province, South Korea.-Prominent individuals:*Song Si-yeol*Yuk Young-soo First Lady of Korea, killed during an assassination attempt on her husband, Park Chung-hee.-External links:*...

     (옥천군, 沃川郡)
  • Jeungpyeong County
    Jeungpyeong County
    Jeungpyeong County is a county in North Chungcheong Province, South Korea.-Location:Jeungpyeong belong to center of Chungcheongbuk-do...

     (증평군; 曾坪郡)
  • Yeongdong County
    Yeongdong County
    Yeongdong County is a county in North Chungcheong Province, South Korea. The county should not be confused with the similarly named Yeongdong region.During the Korean War, this county was the site of the No Gun Ri incident.-Climate:-External links:*...

     (영동군, 永同郡)

  • Education


    Chungbuk is the site of several tertiary institutions, including:
    • Chungbuk National University
      Chungbuk National University
      Chungbuk National University is one of 10 Flagship Korean National Universities.It takes its name, Chungbuk, from the common abbreviated form of the province's Korean name.- Overview :...

    • Korea Air Force Academy
      Korea Air Force Academy
      Korea Air Force Academy is a Republic of Korea Air Force institution for the undergraduate education and military training of officers. It is located at Cheongju, Chungbuk, South Korea...

    • Korea National University of Education
      Korea National University of Education
      Korea National University of Education is a South Korean national university for teacher training. It was established in 1985 to respond to the growing demand of teaching staff for primary and secondary education in South Korea.-Characteristics:...

    • Cheongju National University of Education
      Cheongju National University of Education
      Cheongju National University of Education is one of several national universities of education in South Korea. It provides training to teachers, particularly those who plan to teach in public elementary schools. The campus is located in Cheongju City, the capital of North Chungcheong province....

    • Cheongju University
      Cheongju University
      Cheongju University is a private university located in Cheongju City, the capital of North Chungcheong province, South Korea. The current president is Kim Yoon Bae.-Academics:...

    • Seowon University
    • Semyung University
    • Far East University
      Far East University
      Far East University is located in Gamgok-myeon, Eumseong County, North Chungcheong province, South Korea. It was founded in 1998 by Dr. Taek-hee Lyu. The school flower is the chrysanthemum.-History:Far East University opened its doors on March 5, 1998...

    • Youngdong University
      Youngdong University
      Youngdong University is a private university located in Yeongdong-eup, Yeongdong County, North Chungcheong province, South Korea. It employs around 65 full-time instructors...

    • Chung Cheong College
      Chung Cheong College
      Chung Cheong University is a private technical university in Cheongju City, the capital of North Chungcheong province, South Korea. It employs about 110 instructors...

    • Jusung College
    • Daewon Science College
      Daewon Science College
      Daewon University College is a private technical college in North Chungcheong province, South Korea. The campus is situated in Jecheon City. About 85 instructors are employed...


    External links