ˈtʃɪtəndən is a town in Rutland County
Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. The state ranks 43rd in land area, , and 45th in total area. Its population according to the 2010 census, 630,337, is the second smallest in the country, larger only than Wyoming. It is the only New England...
, United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...
. The population was 1,258 at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...
, the town has a total area of 74.2 square miles (192.2 km2
), of which 73.0 square miles (189.1 km2
) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2
or 1.62%) is water. It is the largest town by area in Vermont, slightly larger than Stowe
Stowe is a town in Lamoille County, Vermont, United States. The population was 4,339 at the 2000 census. Tourism is a significant industry.-Geography:...
in Lamoille County
As of the census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...
of 2000, there were 1,182 people, 451 households, and 345 families residing in the town. The population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...
was 16.2 people per square mile (6.3/km2
). There were 585 housing units at an average density of 8.0 per square mile (3.1/km2
). The racial makeup of the town was 98.48% White, 0.17% African American, 0.17% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, and 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.25% of the population.
There were 451 households out of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.1% were married couples
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...
living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 18.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $45,313, and the median income for a family was $52,596. Males had a median income of $35,556 versus $31,776 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...
for the town was $21,278. About 2.9% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.1% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.
History and other features
By area the largest town in the state, Chittenden was named after Thomas Chittenden
Thomas Chittenden was an important figure in the founding of Vermont.Chittenden was born in East Guilford, Connecticut and moved to Vermont in 1774, where he founded the town of Williston. During the American Revolution, Chittenden was a member of a committee empowered to negotiate with the...
, one of the Green Mountain Boys
The Green Mountain Boys were a militia organization first established in the 1760s in the territory between the British provinces of New York and New Hampshire, known as the New Hampshire Grants...
and governor of both the independent Vermont Republic
The term Vermont Republic has been used by later historians for the government of what became modern Vermont from 1777 to 1791. In July 1777 delegates from 28 towns met and declared independence from jurisdictions and land claims of British colonies in New Hampshire and New York. They also...
, and later, the state of Vermont. Chittenden and his son Noah were among the town's principal land grantees, although the governor may have never visited the area.
The town is effectively split in two by a ridge of the Green Mountains
The Green Mountains are a mountain range in the U.S. state of Vermont. The range extends approximately .-Peaks:The most notable mountains in the range include:*Mount Mansfield, , the highest point in Vermont*Killington Peak, *Mount Ellen,...
, and only the western half of the town is settled. Much of the town remains unbroken forest.
The Chittenden Reservoir is a popular regional swimming and boating area.