Chistopol

Chistopol

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Encyclopedia
Chistopol is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, located on the left bank of the Kuybyshev Reservoir, on the Kama River
Kama River
Kama is a major river in Russia, the longest left tributary of the Volga and the largest one in discharge; in fact, it is larger than the Volga before junction....

. Population: It is served by the Chistopol Airport
Chistopol Airport
Chistopol is an airport in Russia located 7 km southwest of Chistopol. It is a small airport, with a single tarmac with one building.- External links :* * on the website of the republican newspaper...

.

History


It was first mentioned in chronicles at the end of the 17th century. It developed very quickly, and by 1761 the number of inhabitants exceeded 1,000.

In 1781, a decree by Catherine the Great granted Chistopol the status of an uyezd town, with the establishment of its own coat of arms.

At the end of the 19th century, Chistopol became a major center of trade for grain. Prior to 1917, it was the second largest town (after Kazan) in Kazan Governorate
Kazan Governorate
The Kazan Governorate or Government of Kazan was a governorate of Imperial Russia from 1708–1920, with the city of Kazan as its capital.-History:...

.

During the Great Patriotic War, Chistopol become a shelter for the Union of Soviet Writers, which included Boris Pasternak
Boris Pasternak
Boris Leonidovich Pasternak was a Russian language poet, novelist, and literary translator. In his native Russia, Pasternak's anthology My Sister Life, is one of the most influential collections ever published in the Russian language...

, Leonid Leonov
Leonid Leonov
Leonid Maximovich Leonov was a Soviet novelist and playwright. He has been dubbed the 20th-century Dostoyevsky for the deep psychological torment of his prose.-Early life:...

 and other notables.

The town is famous for its watch plant founded in 1941.

People

  • Alexander Butlerov, Russian chemist, was born in the town in 1828
  • Sofia Gubaidulina
    Sofia Gubaidulina
    Sofia Asgatovna Gubaidulina, is a Russian composer of half Russian, half Tatar ethnicity.Gubaidulina's music is marked by the use of unusual instrumental combinations...

    , Soviet composer, was born in the town in 1931
  • Boris Pasternak
    Boris Pasternak
    Boris Leonidovich Pasternak was a Russian language poet, novelist, and literary translator. In his native Russia, Pasternak's anthology My Sister Life, is one of the most influential collections ever published in the Russian language...

    , Soviet writer who lived in the city from 1942-1943
  • Nikolay Likhachyov
    Nikolay Likhachyov
    Nikolay Petrovich Likhachyov , alternatively spelled Likhachev, was the first and foremost Russian sigillographer who also contributed significantly to an array of auxiliary historical disciplines, including palaeography, epigraphy, diplomatics, genealogy, and numismatics...

     (1862–1936) a Soviet scientist, historian, palaeographer, art historian, bibliographer, collector, academician
  • Anatoly T. Marchenko, Ukrainian dissident, died in 1986 in Chistopol