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Chiricahua National Monument

Chiricahua National Monument

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Chiricahua National Monument is a unit of the National Park Service
National Park Service
The National Park Service is the U.S. federal agency that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations...

 located in the Chiricahua Mountains
Chiricahua Mountains
The Chiricahua Mountains are a mountain range in southeastern Arizona which are part of the Basin and Range province of the southwest, and part of the Coronado National Forest...

. It is famous for its extensive vertical rock formation
Rock formations in the United States
The following is a partial list of rock formations in the United States, by state:-Arizona:*Canyon de Chelly National Monument**Spider Rock*Chiricahua National Monument**Duck on a Rock**Organ Pipe**Mushroom Rock**Sea Captain*Monument Valley...

s. The monument is located approximately 36 miles (57.9 km) southeast of Willcox, Arizona
Willcox, Arizona
Willcox is a city in Cochise County, Arizona, United States. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 3,769. Professional wrestler Ted Dibiase lived his formative years in Willcox, as did singer Tanya Tucker.-History:...

. It preserves the remains of an immense volcanic eruption that shook the region some 27 million years ago. Called the Turkey Creek Caldera eruption, it eventually laid down two thousand feet of ash and pumice, highly siliceous in nature. This eventually hardened into rhyolite tuffs, and eroded into the natural features visible at the monument today.
The National Monument was created on April 18, 1924. The national monument
U.S. National Monument
A National Monument in the United States is a protected area that is similar to a National Park except that the President of the United States can quickly declare an area of the United States to be a National Monument without the approval of Congress. National monuments receive less funding and...

 also preserves the Faraway Ranch
Faraway Ranch Historic District
The Faraway Ranch Historic District is part of Chiricahua National Monument in Arizona, and preserves an area associated with the final conflicts with the local Apache, as well as one of the last frontier settlements. In particular, it is associated with the people who promoted the establishment of...

, owned at one time by Swedish
Sweden
Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Ă–resund....

 immigrants Neil and Emma Erickson.

In 2008, the Chiricahua National Monument Historic Designed Landscape
Chiricahua National Monument Historic Designed Landscape
Chiricahua National Monument Historic Designed Landscape is a historic district near Willcox, Arizona. The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 31, 2008.....

, covering roughly 80% of the National Monument, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places is the United States government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation...

.

See also

  • Chiricahua National Monument Historic Designed Landscape
    Chiricahua National Monument Historic Designed Landscape
    Chiricahua National Monument Historic Designed Landscape is a historic district near Willcox, Arizona. The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 31, 2008.....

  • Faraway Ranch Historic District
    Faraway Ranch Historic District
    The Faraway Ranch Historic District is part of Chiricahua National Monument in Arizona, and preserves an area associated with the final conflicts with the local Apache, as well as one of the last frontier settlements. In particular, it is associated with the people who promoted the establishment of...


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