Chernigov Governorate

Chernigov Governorate

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The Chernigov Governorate ' onMouseout='HidePop("31445")' href="http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Romanization_of_Russian">translit.
Romanization of Russian
Romanization of the Russian alphabet is the process of transliterating the Russian language from the Cyrillic alphabet into the Latin alphabet...

: Chernigovskaya guberniya), also known as the Government of Chernigov, was a guberniya
Guberniya
A guberniya was a major administrative subdivision of the Russian Empire usually translated as government, governorate, or province. Such administrative division was preserved for sometime upon the collapse of the empire in 1917. A guberniya was ruled by a governor , a word borrowed from Latin ,...

 in the historical Left-bank Ukraine
Left-bank Ukraine
Left-bank Ukraine is a historic name of the part of Ukraine on the left bank of the Dnieper River, comprising the modern-day oblasts of Chernihiv, Poltava and Sumy as well as the eastern parts of the Kiev and Cherkasy....

 region of the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
The Russian Empire was a state that existed from 1721 until the Russian Revolution of 1917. It was the successor to the Tsardom of Russia and the predecessor of the Soviet Union...

, which was officially created in 1802 from the disbanded Malorossiya Governorate
Malorossiya Governorate
The Little Russia Governorate or Government of Malorossiya was an administrative-territorial unit of the Russian Empire that encompassed most of the modern North Eastern Ukraine , and the adjacent regions in Russia.The Governorate was formed in 1796 under the administrative reforms of Paul I which...

 with an administrative centre of Chernigov (modern Chernihiv
Chernihiv
Chernihiv or Chernigov is a historic city in northern Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Chernihiv Oblast , as well as of the surrounding Chernihivskyi Raion within the oblast...

). Its modern borders are roughly consistent of the modern Chernihiv Oblast
Chernihiv Oblast
Chernihiv Oblast is an oblast of northern Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Chernihiv.-Geography:The total area of the province is around 31,900 km²....

, but also included a large section of Sumy Oblast
Sumy Oblast
Sumy Oblast is an oblast in the northeastern part of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Sumy.Other important cities within the oblast include Konotop, Okhtyrka, Romny, and Shostka....

 and smaller sections of the Kiev Oblast
Kiev Oblast
Kyiv Oblast, sometimes written as Kiev Oblast is an oblast in central Ukraine.The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Kyiv , also being the capital of Ukraine...

 of Ukraine, in addition to most of the Bryansk Oblast
Bryansk Oblast
Bryansk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia . Its administrative center is the city of Bryansk. Population: 1,278,087 .-History:...

, Russia.

Administrative division


The governorate consisted of 15 uyezd
Uyezd
Uyezd or uezd was an administrative subdivision of Rus', Muscovy, Russian Empire, and the early Russian SFSR which was in use from the 13th century. Uyezds for most of the history in Russia were a secondary-level of administrative division...

s:
  • Borzna
    Borzna
    Borzna , is a historic town in northern Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Borznyanskyi Raion in the Chernihiv Oblast. The estimated population of the town is around 10,640 .- Location :...

     - Борзна,
  • Glukhov
    Hlukhiv
    Hlukhiv or Glukhov is a historic town in Sumy region of Ukraine, just south from the Russian border . As of 2001, the city's population is 35,800...

     - Глухов,
  • Gorodnya
    Horodnia
    Horodnia is a city in Chernihiv Oblast of Ukraine. Population is 14,043 . It has a city status since 1957....

     - Городня,
  • Kozelets
    Kozelets
    Kozelets is a historic town located in Chernihiv Oblast of northern Ukraine. Kozelets is located on the Oster River, a tributary of the Dnieper. The city's estimated population is 8,305 ....

     - Козелец,
  • Konotop
    Konotop
    Konotop is a city in northern Ukraine within the Sumy Oblast. Konotop is the center of the Konotop Raion , and is located about 129 km from Sumy, the Oblast capital. It is host to Konotop air base.-History:...

     - Конотоп,
  • Krolevets - Кролевец,
  • Nezhin
    Nizhyn
    Nizhyn is a city located in the Chernihiv Oblast of northern Ukraine, along the Oster River, north-east of the nation's capital, Kiev. It is the administrative center of the Nizhynsky Raion, though the city itself is also designated as a district in the oblast...

    - Нѣжинъ,
  • Novgorod-Seversky
    Novhorod-Siverskyi
    Novhorod-Siversky is a historic city in the Chernihiv Oblast of Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Novhorod-Siversky Raion, and is situated on the bank of the Desna River, 330 km from the capital, Kiev, and 45 km south of the Russian border. Current estimated population:...

     - Новгород-Северский,
  • Oster
    Oster
    Oster is a city located where the Oster River flows into the Desna in Chernihiv Oblast of Ukraine. As of January 1, 2005, its population is 7,100....

     - Остёр,
  • Sosnitsa
    Sosnytsia
    Sosnytsia is a townlet and administrative center of the Sosnytsky Raion of the Chernihiv Oblast in north-central Ukraine. The townlet is located on the west bank of the Ubid' river, a tributary of the Desna river, some from Chernihiv, the province center.Sosnytsia was the birthplace of...

     - Сосница,
  • Chernigov - Чернигов,
  • Mglin
    Mglin
    Mglin is a town in Mglinsky District of Bryansk Oblast, Russia, located on the Sudynka River west of Bryansk. Population: Mglin was first mentioned in 1389, though the settlement it was built on had existed since the 12th century. Its main landmark is the Assumption Cathedral .Ethnically, it is...

     - Мглин,
  • Novozybkov
    Novozybkov
    Novozybkov is a historical town in Bryansk Oblast, Russia. Population: -History:It was founded in 1701 and granted town status in 1809. Novozybkov was a major hemp supplier in the 18th and 19th centuries, particularly for the production of ropes for the Russian Navy...

     - Новозыбков,
  • Starodub
    Starodub
    Starodub is a town and the administrative center of Starodubsky District of Bryansk Oblast, Russia. It is located on the Babinets River , southwest of Bryansk. Population: 16,000 .-History:...

     - Стародуб,
  • Surazh
    Surazh
    Surazh is a town and the administrative center of Surazhsky District, Bryansk Oblast, Russia, located on the Iput River southwest of Bryansk. Population: 1,599 ....

     - Сураж.


The Chernigov Governorate covered a total area of 52,396 km², and had a population of 2,298,000, according to the 1897 Russian Empire census
Russian Empire Census
The Russian Imperial Census of 1897 was the first and the only census carried out in the Russian Empire . It recorded demographic data as of ....

. In 1914, the population was 2,340,000. After the formation of the Ukrainian SSR
Ukrainian SSR
The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic or in short, the Ukrainian SSR was a sovereign Soviet Socialist state and one of the fifteen constituent republics of the Soviet Union lasting from its inception in 1922 to the breakup in 1991...

 the territory was partitioned along ethnic borders with the four northern uyezds with mostly Belorussian and Russian population (Mglin, Novozybkov, Starodub, Surazh) were transferred to the newly formed Gomel Governorate
Mogilev Governorate
The Mogilev Governorate or Government of Mogilev was a governorate of the Russian Empire in the territory of the present day Belarus. Its capital was in Mogilev....

 (then part of the RSFSR), and in 1926 - to the Bryansk Governorate
Bryansk Oblast
Bryansk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia . Its administrative center is the city of Bryansk. Population: 1,278,087 .-History:...

.

On March 7, 1923 the territory of Chernigov Governorate was reorganized into five okrug:
  1. Konotop
  2. Nizhyn
  3. Novhorod-Siversky
  4. Snovsk (liquidated on June 10, 1925)
  5. Chernihiv

Principal cities

  • Russian Census of 1897

  • Nezhin
    Nizhyn
    Nizhyn is a city located in the Chernihiv Oblast of northern Ukraine, along the Oster River, north-east of the nation's capital, Kiev. It is the administrative center of the Nizhynsky Raion, though the city itself is also designated as a district in the oblast...

     - (Ukrainian - , Jewish - , Russian - )
  • Chernigov - (Ukrainian - , Jewish - , Russian - )
  • Konotop
    Konotop
    Konotop is a city in northern Ukraine within the Sumy Oblast. Konotop is the center of the Konotop Raion , and is located about 129 km from Sumy, the Oblast capital. It is host to Konotop air base.-History:...

     - (Ukrainian - , Jewish - , Russian - )
  • Novozybkov
    Novozybkov
    Novozybkov is a historical town in Bryansk Oblast, Russia. Population: -History:It was founded in 1701 and granted town status in 1809. Novozybkov was a major hemp supplier in the 18th and 19th centuries, particularly for the production of ropes for the Russian Navy...

     - (Russian - , Jewish - , Belorussian - 303)
  • Glukhov
    Hlukhiv
    Hlukhiv or Glukhov is a historic town in Sumy region of Ukraine, just south from the Russian border . As of 2001, the city's population is 35,800...

     - (Ukrainian - , Jewish - , Russian - )
  • Borzna
    Borzna
    Borzna , is a historic town in northern Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Borznyanskyi Raion in the Chernihiv Oblast. The estimated population of the town is around 10,640 .- Location :...

     - (Ukrainian - , Jewish - , Russian - 109)
  • Starodub
    Starodub
    Starodub is a town and the administrative center of Starodubsky District of Bryansk Oblast, Russia. It is located on the Babinets River , southwest of Bryansk. Population: 16,000 .-History:...

     - (Russian - , Jewish - , Ukrainian - 133)
  • Krolevets
    Krolevets
    Krolevets is a city in Sumy Oblast, Ukraine. Population is 25,183 .Named in honor of the Polish King Sigismund III, Krolevets was founded in 1601. The original name was written as Krolewac ....

     - (Ukrainian - , Jewish - , Russian - 209)
  • Berezna - (Ukrainian - , Jewish - , Russian - 144)
  • Novgorod-Seversky
    Novhorod-Siverskyi
    Novhorod-Siversky is a historic city in the Chernihiv Oblast of Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Novhorod-Siversky Raion, and is situated on the bank of the Desna River, 330 km from the capital, Kiev, and 45 km south of the Russian border. Current estimated population:...

     - (Ukrainian - , Jewish - , Russian - )
  • Mglin
    Mglin
    Mglin is a town in Mglinsky District of Bryansk Oblast, Russia, located on the Sudynka River west of Bryansk. Population: Mglin was first mentioned in 1389, though the settlement it was built on had existed since the 12th century. Its main landmark is the Assumption Cathedral .Ethnically, it is...

     - (Russian - , Jewish - , Belorussian - 75)
  • Sosnitsa
    Sosnytsia
    Sosnytsia is a townlet and administrative center of the Sosnytsky Raion of the Chernihiv Oblast in north-central Ukraine. The townlet is located on the west bank of the Ubid' river, a tributary of the Desna river, some from Chernihiv, the province center.Sosnytsia was the birthplace of...

     - (Ukrainian - , Jewish - , Russian - 158)
  • Korop
    Korop
    Korop is an urban-type settlement in Chernihiv Oblast of northern Ukraine, the administrative center of the Korop Raion.The name of the town means "carp" in Ukrainian, and the fish is present in the coat of arms and flag of the town....

     - (Ukrainian - , Jewish - 865, Russian - 77)
  • Oster
    Oster
    Oster is a city located where the Oster River flows into the Desna in Chernihiv Oblast of Ukraine. As of January 1, 2005, its population is 7,100....

     - (Ukrainian - , Jewish - , Russian - 399)
  • Kozelets
    Kozelets
    Kozelets is a historic town located in Chernihiv Oblast of northern Ukraine. Kozelets is located on the Oster River, a tributary of the Dnieper. The city's estimated population is 8,305 ....

     - (Ukrainian - , Jewish - , Russian - 468)
  • Pogar - (Russian - , Jewish - , Germans - 6)
  • Gorodnya
    Horodnia
    Horodnia is a city in Chernihiv Oblast of Ukraine. Population is 14,043 . It has a city status since 1957....

     - (Ukrainian - , Jewish - , Russian - 604)
  • Surazh
    Surazh
    Surazh is a town and the administrative center of Surazhsky District, Bryansk Oblast, Russia, located on the Iput River southwest of Bryansk. Population: 1,599 ....

     - (Jewish - , Belorussian - 978, Russian - 559)
  • Novoye Mesto - (Russian - , Jewish - 67)

Language

  • By the Imperial census of 1897. In bold are languages spoken by more people than the state language.


{| align="center" class="wikitable plainlinks TablePager"
|+
! |Language
! |Number
! |percentage (%)
! |males
! |females
|-----
|Ukrainian
Ukrainian language
Ukrainian is a language of the East Slavic subgroup of the Slavic languages. It is the official state language of Ukraine. Written Ukrainian uses a variant of the Cyrillic alphabet....


|
|66.41
|
|
|-----
|Russian
Russian language
Russian is a Slavic language used primarily in Russia, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Ukraine, Moldova, Latvia, Turkmenistan and Estonia and, to a lesser extent, the other countries that were once constituent republics...


|
|21.58
|
|
|-----
|Belarusian
Belarusian language
The Belarusian language , sometimes referred to as White Russian or White Ruthenian, is the language of the Belarusian people...


|
|6.59
|
|
|-----
|Yiddish
Yiddish language
Yiddish is a High German language of Ashkenazi Jewish origin, spoken throughout the world. It developed as a fusion of German dialects with Hebrew, Aramaic, Slavic languages and traces of Romance languages...


|
|4.95
|
|
|-----
|German
|
|0.23
|
|
|-----
|Polish
Polish language
Polish is a language of the Lechitic subgroup of West Slavic languages, used throughout Poland and by Polish minorities in other countries...


|
|0.14
|
|
|-----
|Persons
that didn't name
their native language
|74
|>0.01
|32
|42
|-----
|Other
|
|>0.01
|
|638
|-----
|Total
|
|100
|
|
|+
|}