Charles I, Duke of Bourbon

Charles I, Duke of Bourbon

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Charles de Bourbon was the oldest son of John I, Duke of Bourbon
John I, Duke of Bourbon
Jean de Bourbon was Duke of Bourbon, from 1410 to his death and Duke of Auvergne since 1416. He was the eldest son of Louis II and Anna d'Auvergne...

 and Marie, Duchess of Auvergne
Marie, Duchess of Auvergne
Marie of Berry, suo jure Duchess of Auvergne, Countess of Montpensier was the daughter of John, Duke of Berry and Joanna of Armagnac.She was married three times...

.

He was Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis from 1424, and Duke of Bourbon
Duke of Bourbon
Duke of Bourbon is a title in the peerage of France. It was created in the first half of the 14th century for the eldest son of Robert of France, Count of Clermont and Beatrice of Burgundy, heiress of the lordship of Bourbon...

 and Auvergne
Rulers of Auvergne
-History:In the 7th century Auvergne was disputed between the Franks and Aquitanians. It was later conquered by the Carolingians, and was integrated for a time into the kingdom of Aquitaine...

 from 1434 to his death, although due to the imprisonment of his father
John I, Duke of Bourbon
Jean de Bourbon was Duke of Bourbon, from 1410 to his death and Duke of Auvergne since 1416. He was the eldest son of Louis II and Anna d'Auvergne...

 after the Battle of Agincourt
Battle of Agincourt
The Battle of Agincourt was a major English victory against a numerically superior French army in the Hundred Years' War. The battle occurred on Friday, 25 October 1415 , near modern-day Azincourt, in northern France...

, he acquired control of the duchy more than eighteen years before his father's death.

In 1425, Charles renewed his earlier betrothal by marrying Agnes of Burgundy
Agnes of Burgundy
Agnes of Burgundy was the daughter of John the Fearless and Margaret of Bavaria. Her maternal grandparents were Albert I, Duke of Bavaria and Margaret of Brieg.-Marriage and issue:...

 (1407–1476), daughter of John the Fearless.

Charles served with distinction in the Royal army during the Hundred Years' War
Hundred Years' War
The Hundred Years' War was a series of separate wars waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Valois and the House of Plantagenet, also known as the House of Anjou, for the French throne, which had become vacant upon the extinction of the senior Capetian line of French kings...

, while nevertheless maintaining a truce with his brother-in-law and otherwise enemy, Philip III, Duke of Burgundy
Philip III, Duke of Burgundy
Philip the Good KG , also Philip III, Duke of Burgundy was Duke of Burgundy from 1419 until his death. He was a member of a cadet line of the Valois dynasty . During his reign Burgundy reached the height of its prosperity and prestige and became a leading center of the arts...

. Both dukes were reconciled and signed an alliance by 1440. He was present at the coronation of Charles VII
Charles VII of France
Charles VII , called the Victorious or the Well-Served , was King of France from 1422 to his death, though he was initially opposed by Henry VI of England, whose Regent, the Duke of Bedford, ruled much of France including the capital, Paris...

 where he fulfilled the function of a peer and conferred knighthood.

Despite this service, he took part in the "Praguerie" (a revolt by the French nobles against Charles VII) in 1439–1440. When the revolt collapsed, he was forced to beg for mercy from the King, and was stripped of some of his lands. He died on his estates in 1456.

Children


Charles and Agnes had eleven children:
  • Jean de Bourbon
    John II, Duke of Bourbon
    John de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon , sometimes referred to as John the Good and The Scourge of the English, was a son of Charles I of Bourbon and Agnes of Burgundy...

     (1426–1488), Duke of Bourbon
  • Marie de Bourbon, married in 1444 John II, Duke of Lorraine
    John II, Duke of Lorraine
    John II of Anjou was Duke of Lorraine from 1453 to his death. He inherited the duchy from his mother, Duchess Isabelle, during the life of his father, Duke René of Anjou, also Duke of Lorraine and titular king of Naples...

  • Philippe de Bourbon (1430–1440), Lord of Beaujeu
    Beaujeu, Rhône
    Beaujeu is a commune of the Rhône department in eastern France.It lies between Mâcon and Lyon.Beaujeu gives its name to the famous wine region of Beaujolais , a former province of France of which it is the historical capital...

  • Charles de Bourbon
    Charles II, Duke of Bourbon
    Charles II, Duke of Bourbon , the son of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon and Agnes of Burgundy, was a member of the House of Bourbon...

     (Château de Moulins 1434–1488, Lyon
    Lyon
    Lyon , is a city in east-central France in the Rhône-Alpes region, situated between Paris and Marseille. Lyon is located at from Paris, from Marseille, from Geneva, from Turin, and from Barcelona. The residents of the city are called Lyonnais....

    ), Cardinal and Archbishop of Lyon and Duke of Bourbon
  • Isabelle de Bourbon
    Isabella of Bourbon
    Isabella of Bourbon, Countess of Charolais was the second wife of Charles the Bold, Count of Charolais and future Duke of Burgundy. She was a daughter of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon and Agnes of Burgundy, and the mother of Mary of Burgundy, heiress of Burgundy.-Life:Not much is known about her life...

     (1436–1465), married Charles, Duke of Burgundy
  • Pierre de Bourbon
    Peter II, Duke of Bourbon
    Peter II, Duke of Bourbon was the son of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon and Agnes of Burgundy, and a member of the House of Bourbon...

    , (1438–1503, Château de Moulins), Duke of Bourbon
  • Louis de Bourbon
    Louis de Bourbon, Bishop of Liège
    Louis de Bourbon was Prince-Bishop of Liège from 1456. He was brought up and educated by Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, who supported him for ten years at the University of Louvain.-Conflict over the bishopric:...

     (1438 – 30 August 1482, murdered), Bishop of Liège
  • Marguerite de Bourbon (5 February 1438 – 1483, Château du Pont-Ains), married in Moulins on 6 April 1472 Philip II, Duke of Savoy
  • Catharine of Bourbon
    Catharine of Bourbon
    Catharine of Bourbon was Duchess of Guelders from 1465-1469 by her marriage to Adolf, Duke of Guelders...

     (Liège, 1440 – 21 May 1469, Nijmegen), married on 28 December 1463 in Bruges
    Bruges
    Bruges is the capital and largest city of the province of West Flanders in the Flemish Region of Belgium. It is located in the northwest of the country....

     Adolf II, Duke of Guelders
  • Jeanne de Bourbon (1442–1493, Brussels
    Brussels
    Brussels , officially the Brussels Region or Brussels-Capital Region , is the capital of Belgium and the de facto capital of the European Union...

    ), married in Brussels in 1467 John II of Chalon, Prince of Orange
    Prince of Orange
    Prince of Orange is a title of nobility, originally associated with the Principality of Orange, in what is now southern France. In French it is la Principauté d'Orange....

  • Jacques de Bourbon (1445–1468, Bruges), Count of Montpensier
    Montpensier
    The French lordship of Montpensier , located in historical Auvergne, became a countship in the 14th century....

    . Unmarried