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Castles in England

Castles in England

Encyclopedia
This list of castle
Castle
A castle is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages by European nobility. Scholars debate the scope of the word castle, but usually consider it to be the private fortified residence of a lord or noble...

s in England
England
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...

is not a list of every building and site which has the word "castle" as part of its name, but nor is it a list only of those buildings which conform to a strict definition of a castle as a medieval fortified residence. It is primarily a list, not of castles that were built in England, but of buildings and remains that have survived. In almost every case the buildings that survive are either ruined, or have been altered over the centuries. As a consequence, the question as to whether a given site is that of a medieval castle has not been taken to be a sufficient criterion for determining whether or not that site should be included in the list.

Vanished castles or those whose remains are barely visible are not listed, although exceptions have been made for some important or well-known buildings and sites. Fortification
Fortification
Fortifications are military constructions and buildings designed for defence in warfare and military bases. Humans have constructed defensive works for many thousands of years, in a variety of increasingly complex designs...

s from before the medieval period are not listed, nor are architectural follies
Folly
In architecture, a folly is a building constructed primarily for decoration, but either suggesting by its appearance some other purpose, or merely so extravagant that it transcends the normal range of garden ornaments or other class of building to which it belongs...

. In other respects it is difficult to identify clear and consistent boundaries between two sets of buildings, comprising those that indisputably belong in a list of castles and those that do not. The criteria adopted for inclusion in the list include such factors as: how much survives from the medieval period; how strongly fortified the building was; how castle-like the surviving building is; whether the building has been given the title of "castle"; how certain it is that a medieval castle stood on the site, or that the surviving remains are those of a medieval castle; how well-known or interesting the building is; and whether including or excluding a building helps make the list, in some measure, more consistent.

In order to establish a list that is as far as possible comprehensive as well as consistent, it is necessary to establish its boundaries. Before the list itself, a discussion of its scope includes lengthy lists of buildings which for various reasons are excluded from the main lists. The Castellarium Anglicanum, an authoritative index of castles in England and Wales published in 1983, lists over 1,500 castle sites in England. Many of these castles have vanished or left almost no trace. The present list includes more than 800 medieval castles of which there are visible remains, with over 300 having substantial surviving stone or brick remains.
History Scope and exclusions Key
See also Bibliography References External links

History



A castle
Castle
A castle is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages by European nobility. Scholars debate the scope of the word castle, but usually consider it to be the private fortified residence of a lord or noble...

 is a type of fortified structure, developed in Europe during the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
The Middle Ages is a periodization of European history from the 5th century to the 15th century. The Middle Ages follows the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 and precedes the Early Modern Era. It is the middle period of a three-period division of Western history: Classic, Medieval and Modern...

. The first castles appeared in France
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

 in the 10th century, and in England
England
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...

 during the 11th. A few castles are known to have been built in England before the Normans
Normans
The Normans were the people who gave their name to Normandy, a region in northern France. They were descended from Norse Viking conquerors of the territory and the native population of Frankish and Gallo-Roman stock...

 invaded in 1066; a great many were built in the years following, the principal mechanism by means of which the Normans were able to consolidate their control over the country. Whilst a few important castles, such as the White Tower
White Tower (Tower of London)
The White Tower is a central tower, the old keep, at the Tower of London.-History:The castle which later became known as the Tower of London was built by William the Conqueror in 1066. It began as a timber fortification enclosed by a palisade. In the next decade work began on the White Tower, the...

 in the Tower of London
Tower of London
Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London, is a historic castle on the north bank of the River Thames in central London, England. It lies within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, separated from the eastern edge of the City of London by the open space...

, were built of stone, most early castles were motte-and-bailey
Motte-and-bailey
A motte-and-bailey is a form of castle, with a wooden or stone keep situated on a raised earthwork called a motte, accompanied by an enclosed courtyard, or bailey, surrounded by a protective ditch and palisade...

 castles of earthwork and timber, which could be constructed very quickly. Some were later rebuilt in stone, but there are a great many castle sites in England where all that is visible today are traces of earthworks.

Castles continued to be built in England for several hundred years, reaching their peak of military sophistication in the late 13th century. The two principal elements in their construction were the great tower or keep
Keep
A keep is a type of fortified tower built within castles during the Middle Ages by European nobility. Scholars have debated the scope of the word keep, but usually consider it to refer to large towers in castles that were fortified residences, used as a refuge of last resort should the rest of the...

, such as the White Tower, and the fortified enclosure, such as is provided by the outer wall of the Tower of London
Tower of London
Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London, is a historic castle on the north bank of the River Thames in central London, England. It lies within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, separated from the eastern edge of the City of London by the open space...

. During the 14th century, largely as a result of the decline of feudalism
Feudalism in England
Feudalism as practiced in the Kingdom of England, in the traditional sense, is a state of human society which is formally structured and stratified on the basis of land tenure and the varieties thereof...

, the construction of strong castles began to decline, in favour of more lightly fortified structures often described as fortified manor houses. In the far north of England, where conditions remained unsettled, fortified buildings continued to be built as late as the 16th century, not only by the rich and powerful but by any with adequate means, as defence not against great armies, but against the notorious Border Reivers
Border Reivers
Border Reivers were raiders along the Anglo–Scottish border from the late 13th century to the beginning of the 17th century. Their ranks consisted of both Scottish and English families, and they raided the entire border country without regard to their victims' nationality...

. Many took the form of the pele tower
Peel tower
Peel towers are small fortified keeps or tower houses, built along the English and Scottish borders in the Scottish Marches and North of England, intended as watch towers where signal fires could be lit by the garrison to warn of approaching danger...

, a smaller, more modest version of the castle keep, and many of these still survive, often incorporated in later buildings.

Castles differed from earlier fortification
Fortification
Fortifications are military constructions and buildings designed for defence in warfare and military bases. Humans have constructed defensive works for many thousands of years, in a variety of increasingly complex designs...

s in that they were generally private fortified residences. A castle was typically the residence of a feudal lord
Feudalism in England
Feudalism as practiced in the Kingdom of England, in the traditional sense, is a state of human society which is formally structured and stratified on the basis of land tenure and the varieties thereof...

, providing the owner with a secure base from which to control his lands, as well as a symbol of wealth and power. Earlier fortified structures, such as the Saxon burh
Burh
A Burh is an Old English name for a fortified town or other defended site, sometimes centred upon a hill fort though always intended as a place of permanent settlement, its origin was in military defence; "it represented only a stage, though a vitally important one, in the evolution of the...

 or the Iron Age
Iron Age
The Iron Age is the archaeological period generally occurring after the Bronze Age, marked by the prevalent use of iron. The early period of the age is characterized by the widespread use of iron or steel. The adoption of such material coincided with other changes in society, including differing...

 hill fort
Hill fort
A hill fort is a type of earthworks used as a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage. They are typically European and of the Bronze and Iron Ages. Some were used in the post-Roman period...

, provided public or communal defences, as did the town or city walls
Defensive wall
A defensive wall is a fortification used to protect a city or settlement from potential aggressors. In ancient to modern times, they were used to enclose settlements...

 which were built in medieval times. The many Roman forts
Castra
The Latin word castra, with its singular castrum, was used by the ancient Romans to mean buildings or plots of land reserved to or constructed for use as a military defensive position. The word appears in both Oscan and Umbrian as well as in Latin. It may have descended from Indo-European to Italic...

 of which ruins survive in Britain differed in being wholly military in nature, camps or strongholds of the Roman army
Roman army
The Roman army is the generic term for the terrestrial armed forces deployed by the kingdom of Rome , the Roman Republic , the Roman Empire and its successor, the Byzantine empire...

: the Romans also built town or city walls in England which can still be seen, for instance at Silchester.

By the 16th century the role of fortifications had changed once more with the development of artillery capable of breaching even thick stone walls. In the reign of Henry VIII, fears of invasion led to the building of a series of new fortresses along the south coast of England, known as the Device Forts
Device Forts
The Device Forts, also known as Henrician Castles, are a series of artillery fortifications built to defend the southern coast of England by Henry VIII. After his divorce of Catherine of Aragon England was left politically isolated, and the peace of Nice between France and Spain in 1538 aroused...

 or Henrician Castles. These were designed to use and to defend against artillery, and since they were not private residences, but national fortifications, they do not possess what architectural historians have come to see as the defining characteristics of a castle. Nonetheless they are visibly castle-like, being compact, with battlemented walls, squat turrets and sometimes a keep; and they were the last generation of fortresses in England to be known as castles, long before architectural historians began to argue that they should not be. One of them, Pendennis Castle
Pendennis Castle
Pendennis Castle is a Henrician castle, also known as one of Henry VIII's Device Forts, in the English county of Cornwall. It was built in 1539 for King Henry VIII to guard the entrance to the River Fal on its west bank, near Falmouth. St Mawes Castle is its opposite number on the east bank and...

, was one of the last Royalist strongholds to fall to the Parliamentarians during the English Civil War
English Civil War
The English Civil War was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists...

—starvation forcing surrender after a siege of five months.
As the role of the castle as fortress declined in the later medieval period, its role as a residence increasingly became the more important. Castles such as Herstmonceux
Herstmonceux Castle
Herstmonceux Castle is a brick-built Tudor castle near Herstmonceux, East Sussex, United Kingdom. From 1957 to 1988 its grounds were the home of the Royal Greenwich Observatory...

 were built with fortifications seemingly designed more for show than for strength, implying a further evolution in the role and concept of the castle, becoming less a means of enforcing power but instead a symbol of its possession, a castle becoming a grand residence proclaiming the status of its owner. Once fortifications had become altogether redundant, it became increasingly rare in England for new buildings to be described as castles, in contrast to France, where country houses continued to be known as château
Château
A château is a manor house or residence of the lord of the manor or a country house of nobility or gentry, with or without fortifications, originally—and still most frequently—in French-speaking regions...

x.

Once no longer needed as fortresses, castles—if they were not abandoned—were, over the centuries, adapted and modernised to make them more suitable for continued use as residences: large windows were inserted in defensive walls, as at Lumley
Lumley Castle
Lumley Castle is a 14th century quadrangular castle at Chester-le-Street in the North of England, near to the city of Durham and a property of the Earl of Scarbrough. It is a Grade I listed building.-History:...

; outer walls were demolished or lowered to open up views from within, as at Raby
Raby Castle
Raby Castle is situated near Staindrop in County Durham and is one of the largest inhabited castles in England. The Grade I listed building has opulent eighteenth and nineteenth century interiors inside a largely unchanged, late medieval shell. It is the home and seat of John Vane, 11th Baron...

; new residential ranges were built to improve and extend accommodation, as at Windsor
Windsor Castle
Windsor Castle is a medieval castle and royal residence in Windsor in the English county of Berkshire, notable for its long association with the British royal family and its architecture. The original castle was built after the Norman invasion by William the Conqueror. Since the time of Henry I it...

. Some castles were restored after falling into ruin, like Bamburgh
Bamburgh Castle
Bamburgh Castle is an imposing castle located on the coast at Bamburgh in Northumberland, England. It is a Grade I listed building.-History:...

; others, like Belvoir
Belvoir Castle
Belvoir Castle is a stately home in the English county of Leicestershire, overlooking the Vale of Belvoir . It is a Grade I listed building....

, were demolished and rebuilt, retaining little or none of the original structure. In the 18th and 19th centuries especially, many castles underwent "improvements" by architects such as Anthony Salvin
Anthony Salvin
Anthony Salvin was an English architect. He gained a reputation as an expert on medieval buildings and applied this expertise to his new buildings and his restorations...

, and in this period a fashion developed for entirely new houses to be built in the style of castles, and to be known as castles. Amongst these was Peckforton Castle
Peckforton Castle
Peckforton Castle is a country house built in the style of a medieval castle. It stands in woodland at the north end of Peckforton Hills northwest of the village of Peckforton, Cheshire, England. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building...

, built by Salvin: a building so authentic in its recreation of a medieval castle that it has been described as possibly the last serious fortified home built in Britain.


Scope and exclusions


No list of castles in England can ever be complete, because there will never be complete agreement in every case as to whether the remains of a building are those of a castle, whether a given place is the site of a castle, or whether a surviving building should be considered to be a castle.

Perhaps because the castle has become the most familiar type of fortification, there are a great many sites in England of fortifications earlier than the 10th century which have become known as castles. Most of these are Iron Age
Iron Age
The Iron Age is the archaeological period generally occurring after the Bronze Age, marked by the prevalent use of iron. The early period of the age is characterized by the widespread use of iron or steel. The adoption of such material coincided with other changes in society, including differing...

 hill fort
Hill fort
A hill fort is a type of earthworks used as a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage. They are typically European and of the Bronze and Iron Ages. Some were used in the post-Roman period...

s: amongst the best known are Abbotsbury Castle
Abbotsbury Castle
Abbotsbury Castle is an Iron Age hill fort in south west Dorset, England, situated on Wears Hill above the village of Abbotsbury, seven miles west of Dorchester and the famous hill fort at Maiden Castle. The fort was occupied by the Celtic Durotriges tribe and was situated on a high chalk hill...

, Barbury Castle
Barbury Castle
Barbury Castle is an Iron Age hill fort situated in Wiltshire, England. It is one of several such forts found along the ancient Ridgeway route. The site, which lies within the Wessex Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, has been managed as a country park by Swindon Borough Council since 1971...

, Bratton Castle
Bratton Castle
Bratton Castle is a bivallate Iron Age hillfort on Bratton Down, at the western edge of the Salisbury Plain escarpment...

, Cadbury Castle
Cadbury Castle, Somerset
Cadbury Castle is an Iron Age hill fort in the civil parish of South Cadbury in the English county of Somerset. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and associated with King Arthur.-Background:...

, Castle Dore
Castle Dore
Castle Dore is an Iron Age and early mediaeval hill fort near Fowey in Cornwall, United Kingdom located at .- Description and History :It consists of circular bank and ditch enclosure with a second enclosure nearby thought to have been an animal corral...

, Chûn Castle
Chûn Castle
Chûn Castle is a large Iron Age hillfort near Penzance in Cornwall, United Kingdom. The fort was built around two and a half thousand years ago, and fell into disuse until the 6th century AD when it was possibly reoccupied to protect the nearby tin mines. It stands beside a prehistoric trackway...

, Liddington Castle
Liddington Castle
Liddington Castle, locally called Liddington Camp, is a late Bronze Age and early Iron Age hill fort in the English county of Wiltshire....

, Maen Castle
Maen Castle
Maen Castle is an Iron Age promontory fort or 'cliff castle' close to Land's End in Cornwall. It is one of only two fortified sites in Cornwall where Early Iron Age pottery has been found...

, Maiden Castle
Maiden Castle, Dorset
Maiden Castle is an Iron Age hill fort south west of Dorchester, in the English county of Dorset. Hill forts were fortified hill-top settlements constructed across Britain during the Iron Age...

 and Uffington Castle
Uffington Castle
Uffington Castle is all that remains of an early Iron Age hill fort in Oxfordshire, England. It covers about 32,000 square metres and is surrounded by two earth banks separated by a ditch with an entrance in the eastern end...

, whilst many more appear in the List of hill forts in England. Others, such as Melandra Castle, Reculver Castle, Richborough Castle and Whitley Castle, are Roman forts
Castra
The Latin word castra, with its singular castrum, was used by the ancient Romans to mean buildings or plots of land reserved to or constructed for use as a military defensive position. The word appears in both Oscan and Umbrian as well as in Latin. It may have descended from Indo-European to Italic...

, whilst Daw's Castle
Daw's Castle
Daw's Castle is a sea cliff hill fort just west of Watchet, a harbour town in Somerset, England. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument.The name comes from Thomas Dawe, who owned castell field in 1537....

 is a Saxon burh
Burh
A Burh is an Old English name for a fortified town or other defended site, sometimes centred upon a hill fort though always intended as a place of permanent settlement, its origin was in military defence; "it represented only a stage, though a vitally important one, in the evolution of the...

. None of these is included in the present list unless it is also the site of a medieval castle, as is the case with, for instance, Portchester Castle
Portchester Castle
Portchester Castle is a medieval castle built within a former Roman fort at Portchester to the east of Fareham in the English county of Hampshire. Probably founded in the late 11th century, Portchester was a baronial castle that was taken under royal control in 1154. The monarchy controlled...

, where an imposing castle was built within the surviving walls of the Roman fort.
Nor are all medieval fortified sites included in the present list. The remains of town and city walls are excluded — most of these appear in the List of town walls in England and Wales. Also excluded are churches with defensive towers, such as Ancroft
Ancroft
Ancroft is a village and civil parish in Northumberland, England. Prior to 1844, Ancroft lay within the Islandshire exclave of County Durham. It is south of Berwick-upon-Tweed, and has a population of 885....

, Burgh by Sands
Burgh by Sands
Burgh by Sands is a village and civil parish in the City of Carlisle district of Cumbria, England, situated near the Solway Firth. The parish includes the village of Burgh by Sands along with Longburgh, Dykesfield, Boustead Hill, Moorhouse and Thurstonfield....

, Edlingham
Edlingham
Edlingham is a small village and civil parish in Northumberland in the north of England. At the 2001 census it had a population of 196. The road to Alnwick passes close by the village and the town of Rothbury is about away....

, Garway
Garway
Garway is a civil parish in south-west Herefordshire, England. It is set on a hillside above the River Monnow about 10 km northwest of Monmouth. It is a sparsely populated area, mainly agricultural in nature...

, Great Salkeld
Great Salkeld
Great Salkeld is a small village and civil parish in the Eden District of Cumbria, England, a few miles to the north east of Penrith.The village is believed to have been connected at one time by a bridge over the River Eden to Little Salkeld...

 and Newton Arlosh
Newton Arlosh
Newton Arlosh is a village in the Allerdale District, in the English county of Cumbria.-Landmarks:St. John the Evangelist's Church is one of the most complete fortified churches in the area. In ruins from the Dissolution until the 19th century, it was repaired and extended in 1844...

, as well as other fortified ecclesiastical sites such as Alnwick Abbey
Alnwick Abbey
Alnwick Abbey was founded as a Premonstratensian monastery in 1147 by Eustace fitz John near Alnwick, England, as a daughter house of Newhouse Abbey in Lincolnshire. It was dissolved in 1535, refounded in 1536 and finally suppressed in 1539. It was granted to the Sadler and Winnington...

, Battle Abbey
Battle Abbey
Battle Abbey is a partially ruined abbey complex in the small town of Battle in East Sussex, England. The abbey was built on the scene of the Battle of Hastings and dedicated to St...

, Thornton Abbey
Thornton Abbey
Thornton Abbey was founded as a priory in 1139 by William le Gros, the Earl of Yorkshire, and raised to the status of Abbey in 1148. It was a house for Augustinian or black canons. These priests lived a communal life under the Rule of St Augustine but also undertook pastoral duties outside of the...

, Wetheral Priory, Whalley Abbey
Whalley Abbey
Whalley Abbey is a former Cistercian abbey in Whalley, Lancashire, England. After the dissolution of the monasteries, the abbey was largely demolished and a country house was built on the site. In the 20th century the house was modified and it is now the Retreat and Conference House of the...

 and St Mary's Abbey, York
St Mary's Abbey, York
The Abbey of St Mary in York, once the richest abbey in the north of England, is a ruined Benedictine abbey that lies in what are now the Yorkshire Museum Gardens, on a steeply sloping site to the west of York Minster. The original abbey on the site was founded in 1055 and dedicated to Saint Olave...

. Some of the pele towers
Peel tower
Peel towers are small fortified keeps or tower houses, built along the English and Scottish borders in the Scottish Marches and North of England, intended as watch towers where signal fires could be lit by the garrison to warn of approaching danger...

 of Northern England are included, but the more modest fortified buildings known as bastles
Bastle house
Bastle houses are a type of construction found along the Anglo-Scottish border, in the areas formerly plagued by border Reivers. They are farmhouses, characterised by elaborate security measures against raids...

 are not, though the distinction between them is not always altogether clear. Amongst fortified manor houses, those given the title of castle are included: many others were more lightly fortified and are excluded, amongst these are Baddesley Clinton
Baddesley Clinton
The moated manor house of Baddesley Clinton , located just north of the historic town of Warwick in the English county of Warwickshire, was probably established sometime in the 13th century. When large areas of the Forest of Arden were cleared and eventually converted to farmland this large...

, Cowdray House
Cowdray House
Cowdray House consists of the ruins of one of England's great Tudor houses, architecturally comparable to many of the great palaces and country houses of that time. It is situated just east of Midhurst, West Sussex standing on the north bank of the River Rother...

, Farnhill Hall
Farnhill
Farnhill is a village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated near Sutton-in-Craven and about south-east of Skipton. Farnhill is also across the canal from Kildwick and there is a church in Kildwick. There is a primary school next to the church and...

, Hipswell Hall
Hipswell
Hipswell is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It acts in many ways as a suburb of Catterick Garrison, into which it merges. It is the birthplace of noted English theologian John Wycliffe, leader of the Lollard Movement.Hipswell parish is formed by...

, Ightham Mote
Ightham Mote
Ightham Mote is a medieval moated manor house close to the village of Ightham, near Sevenoaks in Kent .The name "mote" derives from "moot", "meeting [place]", rather than referring to the body of water....

, Little Wenham Hall
Little Wenham
Little Wenham is a small village in Suffolk, England. It is part of the civil parish of Wenham Parva within Babergh district....

, Markenfield Hall
Markenfield Hall
Markenfield Hall, near Ripon, North Yorkshire, is one of the finest surviving early fourteenth-century English country houses; it was built by John de Markenfield, an associate of Piers Gaveston and a servant of Edward II. A license to crenellate was issued for Markenfield in 1310, the same year...

 and Walburn Hall
Stainton, Richmondshire
Stainton is a hamlet and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It is located on the border of the Yorkshire Dales, with a population of 54...

.

Pele towers which became known as castles, or preserve a castle-like aspect, are included in the present list. Many others, or their remains, have survived much altered, incorporated in later country houses or farmhouses, and are excluded from the list: amongst these are Aske Hall
Aske Hall
Aske Hall is a Georgian country house, with parkland attributed to Capability Brown, north of Richmond, North Yorkshire, England. It contains an impressive collection of 18th-century furniture, paintings and porcelain, and in its grounds a John Carr stable block converted into a chapel in...

, Biddlestone RC Chapel
Biddlestone RC Chapel
Biddlestone RC Chapel is a Roman Catholic chapel at Biddlestone, near Netherton, Northumberland. It is a Grade II* listed building, and is one of the few remains of the former mansion known as Biddlestone Hall....

, Bolling Hall
Bolling Hall, Bradford
Bolling Hall is one of the oldest buildings in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. It is currently used as a museum and education centre. The building is about a mile from the centre of Bradford. Its surroundings are suburban in character....

, Bolton Old Hall, Boltongate Rectory
Boltongate
Boltongate is a village in Cumbria, England. It is situated about north-east of Cockermouth.All Saints Church, Boltongate has a stone tunnel-vaulted roof said to be the only one of its kind in England. The nearby Rectory incorporates a 15th century pele tower....

, Causey Park House
Causey Park House
Causey Park House is a 16th century former manor house with Grade II listed building status situated at Causey Park, Northumberland, England. The Manors of Ogle , and Causey Park and Bothal were merged by the marriage of Robert Ogle and Ellen Bertram in the 14th century.The house was built in 1589...

, Clennell Hall
Clennell Hall
Clennell Hall is an historic manor house, now operated as a country hotel, situated at Clennell, near Alwinton, Northumberland, England. It is a Grade II listed building.The Clennell family held the manor of Clennell from the 13th century....

, Cliburn Hall, Corbridge Low Hall, Cowmire Hall
Cartmel Fell
Cartmel Fell is a hill, hamlet and civil parish in the South Lakeland district of Cumbria, England. The parish has a population of 309.St. Anthony's Church was built as a chapel of ease for Cartmel Priory in about 1504, and has changed little since...

, Craster Arms (Beadnell)
Beadnell
Beadnell is a village and civil parish in Northumberland, England. It is situated about south-east of Bamburgh, on the North Sea coast, and has a population of 528....

, Croglin Old Pele
Croglin
Croglin is the name of a village, beck , and grange in Cumbria in England.Croglin is a quiet picturesque fellside village between the Pennines and the River Eden, about south-east of Carlisle. The surrounding land is used for agriculture, mainly sheep...

, Denton Hall
Nether Denton
Nether Denton is a scattered settlement and civil parish in rural Cumbria, situated about north-east of Carlisle, by the A69 road.St. Cuthbert's Church at Nether Denton is built at the site of a Roman fort, around south of Hadrian's Wall on the Stanegate road. The present building dates from...

, Dovenby Hall
Dovenby Hall
Dovenby Hall is a Grade II listed country house in Dovenby, about north-west of Cockermouth, Cumbria, England. The estate totals .- History :...

, Dunstan Hall
Craster
Craster is a small fishing village on the Northumbrian coast of England. It has a small and attractive harbour and offers a view northwards along the rocky shore to the spectacular ruins of Dunstanburgh Castle. This is the nearest point of access to the castle and the approach must be made on...

, East Shaftoe Hall, Godmond Hall
Bowston
Bowston is a village in Cumbria, England, situated about north of Kendal, beside the River Kent. It has an old, probably 17th century, bridge over the river which is a Grade II listed structure. A rare VR postbox can be seen in the wall at the junction of Burneside Road and Potter Fell road.The...

, Great Salkeld Rectory
Great Salkeld
Great Salkeld is a small village and civil parish in the Eden District of Cumbria, England, a few miles to the north east of Penrith.The village is believed to have been connected at one time by a bridge over the River Eden to Little Salkeld...

, Hardrigg Hall
Ellonby
Ellonby is a hamlet in the parish of Skelton, in the Eden District, in the English county of Cumbria.To the north of the hamlet, at Hardrigg Hall, a ruined 14th century pele tower adjoins a 19th century farmhouse.- References :...

, Hepscott Hall, Hetton Hall, Hollin Hall
Crook, Cumbria
Crook is a village and civil parish in the South Lakeland District of the English county of Cumbria, located on the B5284 road between Kendal and Windermere. In the 2001 census the population was 340....

, Hutton Hall (Penrith)
Penrith, Cumbria
Penrith was an urban district between 1894 and 1974, when it was merged into Eden District.The authority's area was coterminous with the civil parish of Penrith although when the council was abolished Penrith became an unparished area....

, Irton Hall
Holmrook
Holmrook is a linear village in the English county of Cumbria. It lies along the A595 road on the west banks of the River Irt. The B5344 road connects it to Drigg, with its railway station less than two miles to the west....

, Johnby Hall
Johnby
Johnby is a hamlet in the Eden District, in the English county of Cumbria. It is about from the large town of Penrith and about from the village of Greystoke...

, Killington Hall
Killington, Cumbria
Killington is a village and civil parish in the South Lakeland District of the county of Cumbria, England. It has a population of 152. Killington gives its name to Killington Lake, after which Killington Lake services is named, although this is located in the neighbouring parish of New...

, Kirkoswald College
Kirkoswald, Cumbria
The village, civil parish and former market town of Kirkoswald lies in the Lower Eden Valley of Cumbria, formerly Cumberland, about from Penrith. The village is usually referred to locally as KO....

, Levens Hall
Levens Hall
Levens Hall is a manor house in the county of Cumbria in northern England. The first house on the site was a pele tower built by the Redman family in around 1350. Much of the present building dates from the Elizabethan era, when the Bellingham family extended the house...

, Little Harle Tower
Little Harle Tower
Little Harle Tower is a privately-owned country house with 15th-century origins, at Little Harle, Kirkwhelpington, Northumberland. It is a Grade II* listed building....

, Nether Hall, Netherby Hall, Ormside Hall
Great Ormside
Great Ormside is a small village in the parish of Ormside, in the Eden District, in the English county of Cumbria. It is a few miles away from the small town of Appleby-in-Westmorland. It is near the River Eden. There is also the smaller neighbouring hamlet of Little Ormside. It also has a church...

, Pockerley Pele
Beamish, County Durham
Beamish, previously named 'Pit Hill', is a village in County Durham, England situated to the north east of Stanley.The village is contained within Hell Hole Wood and is home to Beamish Museum, an open-air museum seeking to replicate a northern town of the early 20th century...

, Preston Patrick Hall
Endmoor
Endmoor is a small village within Cumbria, England, situated close to the A65 road. It is about from Kendal, just south of Oxenholme, and is in the parish of Preston Richard....

, Randalholme Hall
Alston Moor
Alston Moor is an area of moorland and civil parish in Cumbria, England, based around the small town of Alston. The parish had a population of 2,156 at the 2001 census. As well as the town of Alston, the parish includes the villages of Garrigill and Nenthead, along with the hamlets of Nenthall,...

, Rock Hall
Rock Hall, Northumberland
Rock Hall is a privately-owned 18th-century country house, now occupied by a school, at Rock, Rennington, near Alnwick, Northumberland . It is a Grade II* listed building....

, Rudchester Hall, Sella Park, Selside Hall
Selside
Selside is a small village in rural Cumbria, situated about north of Kendal, close to the A6 road. It is now in the civil parish of Whitwell and Selside,though it was formerly in the parish of Kendal....

, Skelsmergh Hall
Skelsmergh
Skelsmergh is a small village and civil parish in rural Cumbria, situated about north of Kendal, on the A6 road.St. John the Baptist Church at Skelsmergh dates from about 1871. Skelsmergh Hall incorporates a pele tower, probably built in 1425, with late 16th century and early 17th century additions...

, Smardale Hall
Smardale
Smardale is a small village in Cumbria, England, in the civil parish of Waitby.-Geography and history:The village of Smardale lies in hilly agricultural land at a height of around 1.75 km southeast of Crosby Garrett and 3.5km west of Kirkby Stephen...

, Thistlewood Farmhouse
Castle Sowerby
Castle Sowerby is a civil parish in the Eden District of Cumbria, England. It has a population of 337, and includes the hamlets of How Hill, Millhouse, Newlands, Sour Nook, Southernby and Sowerby Row....

, Warnell Hall
Sebergham
Sebergham is a small village and civil parish in the English county of Cumbria. It is located on the B5305, south of Carlisle and south-east of Wigton....

, Weetwood Hall and Witton Tower.

In the post-medieval period, the distinction between true castles and the later mock castles is blurred by the extent to which medieval castles were adapted and rebuilt. At Greystoke
Greystoke Castle
Greystoke Castle is in the village of Greystoke west of Penrith in the county of Cumbria in northern England. .In 1069, after the Norman conquest the English landlord Ligulf of Greystoke was re-granted his land and he built a wooden tower surrounded by a pale . The first stone structure on the...

 a new castle was built incorporating a medieval pele tower; at Thurland
Tunstall, Lancashire
Tunstall is a village in north Lancashire, England . It is northeast of Lancaster on the A683 road between Lancaster and Kirkby Lonsdale. In the 2001 census the civil parish of Tunstall had a population of 105....

 a new castle was built from the ruins of the old; at Belvoir
Belvoir Castle
Belvoir Castle is a stately home in the English county of Leicestershire, overlooking the Vale of Belvoir . It is a Grade I listed building....

 the old castle was demolished and a new one built. The building of mock castles might be seen as the logical conclusion of a process already apparent in castles such as Herstmonceux
Herstmonceux Castle
Herstmonceux Castle is a brick-built Tudor castle near Herstmonceux, East Sussex, United Kingdom. From 1957 to 1988 its grounds were the home of the Royal Greenwich Observatory...

 or Tattershall, where the castle-like aspect of the building was becoming more for show than for strength.
Amongst post-medieval buildings in England which are known as castles, there is Peckforton Castle
Peckforton Castle
Peckforton Castle is a country house built in the style of a medieval castle. It stands in woodland at the north end of Peckforton Hills northwest of the village of Peckforton, Cheshire, England. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building...

, which is exceptional in its authenticity; many others such as Clearwell Castle
Clearwell Castle
Clearwell Castle is a mock Gothic mansion located in Clearwell, Gloucestershire. First known as Clearwell Court, it was built for Thomas Wyndham in 1728 to replace an older house which occupied same site. Its name was changed to Clearwell Castle in 1908....

 which have some castle-like features; and some like Mereworth Castle
Mereworth Castle
Mereworth Castle is a grade I listed Palladian country house in Mereworth, Kent, England.Originally the site of a fortified manor licensed in 1332, the present building is not actually a castle, but was built in the 1720s as an almost exact copy of Palladio's Villa Rotunda. It was designed in 1723...

 which bear no resemblance whatsoever to a castle. Buildings which neither have the appearance of castles, nor incorporate the remains of castles in their fabric, are excluded from this list: amongst these are Bolebroke Castle
Bolebroke Castle
Bolebroke Castle is a 15th century hunting lodge. Built around 1480, it is said to be the earliest brick-built building in Sussex. It is located north of the village of Hartfield, East Sussex. Henry VIII is said to have stayed at Bolebroke when he went hunting for wild boar and deer in nearby...

, Bovey Castle
Bovey Castle
Bovey Castle is a large early 20th century mansion on the edge of Dartmoor, near Moretonhampstead, Devon, England. It is a Grade II* listed buildingand is now a hotel.-History:...

, Bruce Castle
Bruce Castle
Bruce Castle is a Grade I listed 16th-century manor house in Lordship Lane, Tottenham, London. It is named after the House of Bruce who formerly owned the land on which it is built. Believed to stand on the site of an earlier building, about which little is known, the current house is one of the...

, Castle Ashby
Castle Ashby
Castle Ashby is the name of a civil parish, an estate village and an English country house in rural Northamptonshire. Historically the village was set up to service the needs of Castle Ashby Manor, the seat of the Marquess of Northampton. The village has one small pub-hotel, The Falcon. At the time...

, Castle Howard
Castle Howard
Castle Howard is a stately home in North Yorkshire, England, north of York. One of the grandest private residences in Britain, most of it was built between 1699 and 1712 for the 3rd Earl of Carlisle, to a design by Sir John Vanbrugh...

, Clifton Castle
Clifton-on-Yore
Clifton-on-Yore is a civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England.In parkland by the river Ure is Clifton Castle, a country house built c1800 on the site of a fourteenth century castle, of which a piece of walling survives.....

, Highclere Castle
Highclere Castle
Highclere Castle is a country house in the Jacobethan style, with park designed by Capability Brown. The 1,000 acre estate is in the English county of Hampshire, about south of the border with Berkshire, and south of Newbury...

, Mereworth Castle
Mereworth Castle
Mereworth Castle is a grade I listed Palladian country house in Mereworth, Kent, England.Originally the site of a fortified manor licensed in 1332, the present building is not actually a castle, but was built in the 1720s as an almost exact copy of Palladio's Villa Rotunda. It was designed in 1723...

, New Wardour Castle
New Wardour Castle
New Wardour Castle is an English country house at Wardour, near Tisbury in Wiltshire, built for the Arundell family. The house is of a Palladian style, designed by the architect James Paine with additional pieces from Giacomo Quarenghi, who was a principal architect of the Imperial Russian capital...

, Sherborne Castle
Sherborne Castle
Sherborne Castle is a 16th-century Tudor mansion southeast of Sherborne in Dorset, England. The park formed only a small part of the Digby estate.-Old castle:Sherborne Old Castle is the ruin of a 12th-century castle in the grounds of the mansion...

, Wentworth Castle
Wentworth Castle
Wentworth Castle is a stately home and estate near Barnsley in South Yorkshire. It was originally the seat of the Earls of Strafford. An older house existed on the estate, then called Stainborough, when it was purchased by Thomas Wentworth, Lord Raby , in 1711...

 and Wisbech Castle
Wisbech Castle
Wisbech castle was a motte-and-bailey castle built to fortify Wisbech, in the Fenland area of Cambridgeshire, England by William I in 1072. The Norman castle, reputedly was destroyed during a devastating flood of 1236, the original design and layout is still unknown.In the 15th century repairs were...

. Many other buildings which do have some castle-like features are nonetheless excluded: amongst these are Acton Castle, Allerton Castle
Allerton Castle
Allerton Castle, formerly "Allerton Park" is a Grade I listed nineteenth century Gothic or Victorian Gothic house at Allerton Mauleverer in North Yorkshire, England...

, Augill Castle
Brough, Cumbria
Brough, sometimes known as Brough under Stainmore, is a village and civil parish in the Eden district of Cumbria, England, on the western fringe of the Pennines near Stainmore. The village is on the A66 trans-Pennine road, and the Swindale Beck, and is about south east of Appleby-in-Westmorland...

, Avon Castle
St Ives, Dorset
St Ives is a village in the county of Dorset in the south of England. It lies close to the border between Dorset and Hampshire, near Ringwood, Verwood and Ferndown. The parish of St Leonards and St Ives has a population of 6,672 ; 41.6% are retired....

, Bell's Castle
Kemerton
Kemerton is a village and civil parish in Worcestershire in England. It lies at the extreme south of the county in the local government district of Wychavon. Until boundary changes in 1931, it formed part of neighbouring Gloucestershire, and it remains in the Diocese of Gloucester...

, Bolesworth Castle
Bolesworth Castle
Bolesworth Castle is a country house south of the village of Tattenhall, Cheshire, England. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.-History:...

, Bude Castle, Castle Eden Castle
Castle Eden
For the similarly named castle in Aberdeenshire, see Eden Castle.Castle Eden is a village in County Durham, in England. It is situated a short distance to the south of Peterlee, Wingate, the A19 and Castle Eden Dene...

, Castle Goring
Castle Goring
Castle Goring is a grade one listed country house in Worthing, in Sussex, England.The building to some extent defies categorisation, being neither fully a castle, nor is it fully in Goring. The word is often used for English country houses constructed after the castle-building era and not...

, Cave Castle
South Cave
South Cave is a town and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It lies approximately to the west of Hull city centre on the A1034 road just to the north of the A63 road. North Cave is approximately to the north west.- Overview :...

, Clearwell Castle
Clearwell Castle
Clearwell Castle is a mock Gothic mansion located in Clearwell, Gloucestershire. First known as Clearwell Court, it was built for Thomas Wyndham in 1728 to replace an older house which occupied same site. Its name was changed to Clearwell Castle in 1908....

, Cliffe Castle
Cliffe Castle Museum
Cliffe Castle Museum, Keighley, West Yorkshire, England, is a local heritage museum which opened in the grand, Victorian, neo-Gothic Cliffe Castle in 1959. The museum is the successor to Keighley Museum which opened in Eastwood House, Keighley, in ca.1892. There is a series of galleries dedicated...

, Coates Castle, Creech Castle, Droskyn Castle
Perranporth
Perranporth is a small seaside resort on the north coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is southwest of Newquay and northwest of Truro. Perranporth and its long beach face the Atlantic Ocean....

, Edmond Castle
Edmond Castle
Edmond Castle is a nineteenth century structure north of the village of Hayton, Cumbria in England. The history of Edmond castle is intertwined with the Graham family....

, Enmore Castle
Enmore Castle
Enmore Castle is a historic building in the village of Enmore, Somerset, England. It is a Grade II listed building.-Construction:Enmore was the seat of the family of William Malet who built a great house, although the original date of construction is uncertain. The house passed to Elizabeth Malet...

, Ewell Castle, Farleigh Castle
Farleigh House
Farleigh House is a large country house in the English county of Somerset that was formerly the centre of the Farleigh Hungerford estate, and much of the stone came from Farleigh Hungerford Castle.The house is a Grade II listed building....

, Farley Castle
Farley Castle
Farley Castle is an early 19th century modern house situated at Farley Hill, Berkshire, Swallowfield, Berkshire.The Gothic-styled, two-storey house in red brick with battlements and round turrets, was built by Martin-Atkins and Woodbury circa 1810, and was the former home of Benjamin Brodie.From...

, Fillingham Castle
Fillingham
Fillingham is a village and civil parish in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 170. It is north of Lincoln just off the A15....

, Hatherop Castle
Hatherop
Hatherop is a village and civil parish in the Cotswolds Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, about north of Fairford in Gloucestershire. The River Coln forms part of the western boundary of the parish.-History:...

, Headingley Castle
Architecture of Leeds
The architecture of Leeds, a city and metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, England, encompasses a wide range of architectural styles and notable buildings. As with most northern industrial centres, much of Leeds' prominent architecture is of the Victorian era...

, Highcliffe Castle
Highcliffe
Highcliffe-on-Sea is a small town in the borough of Christchurch, Dorset in southern England. It forms part of the South East Dorset conurbation along the English Channel coast...

, Hilfield Castle
Elstree
Elstree is a village in the Hertsmere borough of Hertfordshire on the A5 road, about 10 miles north of London. In 2001, its population was 4,765, and forms part of the civil parish of Elstree and Borehamwood, originally known simply as Elstree....

, Kenwith Castle, Kirby Knowle Castle
Kirby Knowle
Kirby Knowle is a village and civil parish in Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England, on the border of the North Yorkshire Moors and near Upsall, about 4 miles north east of Thirsk....

, Knepp Castle, Luscombe Castle
Luscombe Castle
Luscombe Castle is a country house situated near the resort town of Dawlish, in the county of Devon in England. The house was built in 1800 for Charles Hoare, a prominent banker whose sister, Henrietta, was the widow of Sir Thomas Acland of Killerton, near Exeter.The house was designed by John...

, Midford Castle
Midford Castle
Midford Castle is a folly castle in the village of Midford, and the parish of Southstoke south of Bath, Somerset, England.The castle was built in 1775 for Henry Disney Roebuck from designs by John Carter in the shape of the "clubs" symbol used in playing cards...

, Mulgrave Castle, Otterburn Tower
Otterburn, Northumberland
Otterburn is a small village in Northumberland, England, northwest of Newcastle Upon Tyne on the banks of the River Rede, near the confluence of the Otter Burn, from which the village derives its name. It lies within the Cheviot Hills about from the Scottish border...

, Pentillie Castle
Pentillie
Pentillie is a grade II* listed country house and estate, located on the banks of the River Tamar in Pillaton, near to St Mellion, in Cornwall, England, in the United Kingdom...

, Reeve Castle
Zeal Monachorum
Zeal Monachorum is a village and civil parish in the Mid Devon district of Devon, England, about north-west of Exeter, situated on the River Yeo...

, Ryde Castle, St. Clare Castle
St. Clare Castle
St. Clare Castle is a castellated mansion in Appley on the Isle of Wight. It was the family seat of St Clare, Appley. Her Majesty Queen Victoria and the Prince Consort visited several times, while Princess Alice and Prince Louis honeymooned at St. Clare in 1862. St. Clare Castle is situated on the...

, Sibdon Castle
Sibdon Carwood
Sibdon Carwood is a hamlet and small parish in Shropshire, England. To its east is the small market town of Craven Arms.-The hamlet:The community is quite dispersed, though there is a core hamlet at the heart of the Sibdon Castle estate...

, Sneaton Castle, Stanhope Castle
Stanhope, County Durham
Stanhope is a small market town in County Durham, in England. It is situated on the River Wear between Eastgate and Frosterley on the north side of Weardale. The A689 trans-Pennine road meets the B6278 road from Barnard Castle to Shotley Bridge here....

, Studley Castle
Studley Castle
Studley Castle is a 19th century country house at Studley , Warwickshire which is now occupied as a hotel. It is a Grade II* listed building.The manor of Studley was owned by the Lyttleton family and was bequeathed by Philip Lyttleton to his niece Dorothy, who married Francis Holyoake...

, Swinton Castle
Swinton Park
Swinton Park, the seat of the Danby family and of the Cunliffe-Lister family is an English country house in Swinton near Masham, North Yorkshire, England. It is set in of parkland, lakes and gardens...

, The Citadel (Weston-under-Redcastle), Tregenna Castle
Tregenna Castle
Tregenna Castle, in St Ives, Cornwall, was built by John Stephens in the 18th century. The estate was sold in 1871 and became an hotel, a purpose for which it is still used today.The castle is a Grade II Listed building...

, Vanbrugh Castle, Wadhurst Castle, Wattisham Castle, Whitehaven Castle, Whitstable Castle
Whitstable
Whitstable is a seaside town in Northeast Kent, Southeast England. It is approximately north of the city of Canterbury and approximately west of the seaside town of Herne Bay. It is part of the City of Canterbury district and has a population of about 30,000.Whitstable is famous for its oysters,...

, Willersley Castle
Willersley Castle
Willersley Castle is a late 18th century country mansion situated above the River Derwent at Cromford, Derbyshire which is now a Grade II* listed building....

 and Willsbridge Castle
Willsbridge
Willsbridge is a village in the unitary authority of South Gloucestershire, England, located on the outskirts of Bristol. Willsbridge Castle, situated on a prominent hillside site, was built c1730, with crenellations added in the nineteenth century....

.

Artificial ruins and follies
Folly
In architecture, a folly is a building constructed primarily for decoration, but either suggesting by its appearance some other purpose, or merely so extravagant that it transcends the normal range of garden ornaments or other class of building to which it belongs...

, often built as memorials or landscape features, are also excluded: amongst these are Appley Tower
Appley, Isle of Wight
Appley is an area of Ryde on the Isle of Wight.. Until the early 1960s, it was largely based on the former English country house of Appley Towers and neighbouring Appley Farm...

, Black Castle
Black Castle Public House
Black Castle Public House is a historic building in Junction Rd, Brislington, Bristol, England. It is also known as Arno's Castle.It was built in 1745—1755 as a folly sham castle and office, but may have originally been a stable block and laundry for the lord of the manor...

, Bladon Castle
Bladon Castle
Bladon Castle is a folly, partly converted into a country house, located some southwest of the village of Newton Solney in South Derbyshire, northeast of Burton-on-Trent and close to the point at which the River Trent forms the boundary with Staffordshire...

, Blaise Castle
Blaise Castle
Blaise Castle is an 18th century mansion house and estate near Henbury in Bristol , England. Blaise Castle was immortalised by being described as "the finest place in England" in Jane Austen's novel Northanger Abbey....

, Bollitree Castle
Weston-under-Penyard
Weston under Penyard is a small village in Herefordshire, England.It lies on the A40 road two miles east of Ross-on-Wye. The Penyard is a prominent hill....

, Boston Castle, Braylsham Castle, Broadway Tower
Broadway Tower
Broadway Tower is a folly located on Broadway Hill, A44 between Evesham and Moreton-in-Marsh, one mile south-east of the village of Broadway, Worcestershire, England, at the second highest point of the Cotswolds after Cleeve Hill. Broadway Tower's base is 1,024 feet above sea level. The tower...

, Carr Hall Castle, Clent Castle, Clopton Tower
Clopton House
Clopton House is a 17th-century country mansion near Stratford upon Avon, Warwickshire, now converted into residential apartments. It is a Grade II* listed building....

, Dinton Castle
Dinton Castle
Dinton Castle is located just north of the village of Dinton, in Buckinghamshire and was built as an eyecatcher from Dinton Hall by Sir John Vanhattem in 1769. He used the castle to store his collection of fossils in the limestone walls.According to Rev...

, Doyden Castle
Port Quin
Port Quin is a small cove and hamlet between Port Isaac and Polzeath on the Atlantic coast in north Cornwall, England, UK.The hamlet and the coastline is mainly owned by the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty; the Trust rents out several of the stone cottages as...

, Dunstall Castle, Durlston Castle
Durlston Castle
Durlston Castle stands within Durlston Country Park, a 1.13 square-kilometre country park and nature reserve stretching along the coastline south of Swanage, on the Isle of Purbeck in Dorset.-Preamble:...

, Fort Putnam
Greystoke, Cumbria
Greystoke is a village and civil parish on the edge of the Lake District National Park in Cumbria, England, about west of Penrith. The village centres on a green surrounded by stone houses and cottages.-Buildings:...

, Hadlow Castle
Hadlow Castle
Hadlow Castle is a Grade I listed country house and tower in Hadlow, Kent, England.-History:Hadlow Castle replaced the manor house of Hadlow Court Lodge. It was built over a number of years from the late 1780s by Walter May in an ornate Gothic style. The architect was J B Bunning...

, Lawrence Castle, Long's Park Castle
West Ashton
West Ashton is a village civil parish in Wiltshire, England. It is two miles south of Trowbridge, on the A350 road between Melksham and Yarnbrook bypassing Trowbridge....

, Mow Cop Castle
Mow Cop Castle
Mow Cop Castle is a folly at Mow Cop, near Harriseahead in the county of Staffordshire, England.Traces of a prehistoric camp have been found here, but in 1754, Randle Wilbraham of nearby Rode Hall built an elaborate summerhouse looking like a medieval fortress and round tower.The Castle was given...

, Mowbray Castle, Pirton Castle, Radford Castle
Hooe, Plymouth
Hooe is a small suburb of Plymstock, part of the City of Plymouth in the English county of Devon.It has a pleasant site adjacent to the estuary of the River Plym and has been built over the site of the once grand house and estate of Radford the family seat of the Harris family.Hooe consists of two...

, Radway Tower
Radway
Radway is a village and civil parish in Warwickshire about north-west of Banbury in neighbouring Oxfordshire.The village is at the foot of Edge Hill and is notable for the Battle of Edgehill, one of the early major engagements of the English Civil War, which was fought in fields around the village...

, Ragged Castle (Badminton)
Badminton House
Badminton House is a large country house in Gloucestershire, England, and has been the principal seat of the Dukes of Beaufort since the late 17th century, when the family moved from Raglan Castle, which had been ruined in the English Civil War...

, Rivington Castle, Rodborough Fort
Rodborough
Rodborough is a civil parish in the district of Stroud, Gloucestershire, in Southwest England. It is directly south of the town of Stroud, north of the town of Nailsworth and north-west of the village of Minchinhampton...

, Ross Castle, Rothley Castle
Rothley Castle
Rothley Castle is an 18th-century gothic folly built to resemble a medieval castle, situated at Rothley, Northumberland. It is a Grade II* listed building....

, Roundhay Castle, Sebergham Castle
Sebergham
Sebergham is a small village and civil parish in the English county of Cumbria. It is located on the B5305, south of Carlisle and south-east of Wigton....

, Severndroog Castle
Severndroog Castle
Severndroog Castle is a folly situated in Oxleas Wood, on Shooter's Hill in south-east London in the London Borough of Greenwich. It was designed by architect Richard Jupp in 1784....

, Shaldon Castle
Shaldon
Shaldon is a village in South Devon, England. It is located opposite Teignmouth in South Devon, England and situated on the River Teign. It has been described as "a quaint English drinking village, with a fishing problem". The village is a popular bathing place and is characterised by Georgian...

, Sham Castle (Bath)
Bathwick Hill, Bath
Bathwick Hill in Bath, Somerset, England is a street lined with historic houses, many of which are designated as listed buildings. It climbs south east from the A36 towards the University of Bath on Claverton Down, providing views over the city....

, Sledmere Castle
Sledmere
Sledmere is a village in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England that is situated approximately north west of Driffield on the B1253 road.Together with the hamlet of Croome it forms the civil parish of Sledmere and Croome....

, Speedwell Castle, Stainborough Castle
Wentworth Castle
Wentworth Castle is a stately home and estate near Barnsley in South Yorkshire. It was originally the seat of the Earls of Strafford. An older house existed on the estate, then called Stainborough, when it was purchased by Thomas Wentworth, Lord Raby , in 1711...

, Starlight Castle
Seaton Sluice
Seaton Sluice is a village in Northumberland. It lies on the coast at the mouth of the Seaton Burn, midway between Whitley Bay and Blyth. It has a population of about 3,000 people.- Early history :...

, Stowe Castle, Strattenborough Castle, Sundorne Castle
Sundorne
Sundorne is a suburb of the town of Shrewsbury, county town of Shropshire. It is located 2 km north of the town centre. The B5062 road begins at Heathgates Roundabout and is called Sundorne Road in the Sundorne area, before crossing the Shrewsbury by-pass at Sundorne Roundabout and heading east...

, Toll House (Clevedon) and Wyke Castle
Wyke Regis
Wyke Regis is a village in south Dorset, England. The village is part of the south western suburbs of Weymouth, on the northern shore of Portland Harbour and the south-eastern end of Chesil Beach. Wyke is south of the county town, Dorchester...

. Finally, the 16th century Henrician Castles, whose design was closely inspired by medieval castles, are included, but later military fortifications—with just a few exceptions—are not.
However carefully constructed might be the basis for including a building or site on a list such as this, it is inevitable there will be borderline cases, or distinctions made which seem arbitrary or difficult to justify. Many buildings which are known to incorporate northern pele towers
Peel tower
Peel towers are small fortified keeps or tower houses, built along the English and Scottish borders in the Scottish Marches and North of England, intended as watch towers where signal fires could be lit by the garrison to warn of approaching danger...

 in their fabric, but which are no longer castle-like, such as the Red Lion Tower in Haltwhistle
Haltwhistle
Haltwhistle is a small town and civil parish in Northumberland, England, situated east of Brampton, near Hadrian's Wall, and the villages of Plenmeller, Rowfoot and Melkridge...

, have been excluded from the list. On the other hand Corby Castle
Corby Castle
Corby Castle is an ancestral home of the Howard family situated on the southern edge of the village of Great Corby in northern Cumbria, England....

, in which a pele tower has been wholly encased in a later building, is included because it is known as a castle, and by implication therefore in some part continued to fulfil the role of one. Kimbolton Castle
Kimbolton Castle
Kimbolton Castle in Kimbolton, Cambridgeshire, is best known as the final home of King Henry VIII's first queen, Catherine of Aragon. Originally a medieval castle but converted into a stately palace, it was the family seat of the Dukes of Manchester from 1615 until 1950...

 has been included as the site of a medieval castle, and because the present mansion has a castellated aspect in deference to the medieval castle it replaced.

Key

Key
Accessible open space
Castle open to the public
English Heritage
English Heritage
English Heritage . is an executive non-departmental public body of the British Government sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport...

Historic House open to the public
Museum
National Trust
National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty
The National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, usually known as the National Trust, is a conservation organisation in England, Wales and Northern Ireland...

NGS Private, grounds open under the National Gardens Scheme
National Gardens Scheme
The National Gardens Scheme, was founded in 1927 in England with the aim of "opening gardens of quality, character and interest to the public for charity". Originally, the money was raised to provide pension support for district nurses; 609 private gardens were opened and £8,191 was raised.Over...

Name Usually the name of the surviving building, but not always—for instance the remains of the historic Bampton Castle were incorporated in a later building known as Ham Court
Type Usually the type of castle represented by the predominant surviving fortified remains
Date Usually the dates of the principal building works relating to the surviving remains
Condition An indication as to what remains of the original castle structure
Image The building or site as it currently exists
Ownership
/Access
Brief information relating to the current ownership or use of the site, an icon signifying that the site is frequently open to the public
Notes Brief description or information of note

Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire is a ceremonial county of historic origin in England that forms part of the East of England region.It borders Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Northamptonshire to the north, Buckinghamshire to the west and Hertfordshire to the south-east....


Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:
  • Bedford Castle
    Bedford Castle
    Bedford Castle was a large medieval castle in Bedford, England. Built after 1100 by Henry I, the castle played a prominent part in both the civil war of the Anarchy and the First Barons' War. The castle was significantly extended in stone, although the final plan of the castle remains uncertain...

  • Biggleswade Castle
    Biggleswade Castle
    Biggleswade Castle was a castle in the market town of Biggleswade in Bedfordshire.The existence of this castle was discovered by aerial photography, in 1954, which showed the remains of a motte and bailey castle with a double ditch around the motte and a single ditch around the bailey.Some...

  • Bletsoe Castle
    Bletsoe Castle
    Bletsoe Castle was a late medieval fortified manor house in the village Bletsoe, Bedfordshire.-Details:Bletsoe Castle was created by John Pateshull, who received a license to crenellate an existing manor house on the east side of Blestoe in 1327...

  • Cainhoe Castle
    Cainhoe Castle
    Cainhoe Castle was an 11th century Norman castle, located near the village of Clophill, in the county of Bedfordshire, England.Cainhoe Castle was a motte and triple bailey castle, built by Nigel d'Aubigny, a Norman Knight, sometime after the Norman Invasion...

  • Chalgrave Castle
    Chalgrave Castle
    Chalgrave Castle stood to the south of the large village of Toddington, Bedfordshire.This was a timber motte and bailey castle, constructed in two phases, built during the 11th century. By the 13th century, it had been abandoned....

  • Eastcotts Castle
    Eastcotts Castle
    Eastcotts Castle, also known as "Wood Farm", was a medieval castle located in the village of Eastcotts, in the county of Bedfordshire, England....

  • Etonbury Castle
    Etonbury Castle
    Etonbury Castle was a castle in the town of Arlesey, located near the road to Baldock, in the county of Bedfordshire, England .An ancient timber castle, attributed to the Danes, Etonbury Castle had a ringwork, or motte, and one or two baileys....

  • Flitwick Castle
    Flitwick Castle
    Flitwick Castle was an 11th century castle located in the town of Flitwick, in the county of Bedfordshire, England.It was a small, timber Motte-and-bailey castle, surrounded by a moat. The castle was mentioned in the Domesday Book, in 1086, as being under the ownership of William Lovet, a Norman...

  • Higham Gobion Castle
    Higham Gobion Castle
    Higham Gobion Castle was an 11th century castle located in the village of Higham Gobion, now part of the civil parish of Shillington, in the English county of Bedfordshire....

  • Odell Castle
    Odell Castle
    Odell Castle was an 11th century castle in the village of Odell, in the county of Bedfordshire, England.The land where Odell Castle stood was originally owned by Levenot, a thane of King Edward the Confessor. At the time, the land and village were called Wahull. After the Norman invasion, William...

  • Old Warden Castle
    Old Warden Castle
    Old Warden Castle, also known as Quince Hill, is located in the village of Old Warden, in the county of Bedfordshire, England. It was a timber, motte-and-bailey, Medieval castle. Today, only earthwork remains can be seen at the site, which is a Scheduled Monument protected by law....

  • Podington Castle
    Podington Castle
    Podington Castle was an 11th century castle in the civil parish of Podington, in the county of Bedfordshire, England. It was a Motte and triple bailey castle, surrounded by a moat, mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 as being owned by Hugh the Fleming...

  • Renhold Castle
    Renhold Castle
    Renhold Castle was a Medieval castle located in the village of Renhold, in the hundred of Barford, in the county of Bedfordshire, England.Renhold Castle was a timber motte-and-bailey castle, encased by a moat. It was located 4 miles east of Bedford Castle and a mile south of Great Barford Castle...

  • Risinghoe Castle
    Risinghoe Castle
    Risinghoe Castle, sometimes known as Goldington Castle, is a 20 foot mound, located in the former village of Goldington, a parish in the hundred of Barford, in the county of Bedfordshire, England. The village of Goldington has now been incorporated into the town of Bedford, and the castle is now...

  • Thurleigh Castle
    Thurleigh Castle
    Thurleigh Castle, also known as Bury Hills, was a medieval castle in the civil parish of Thurleigh, in the county of Bedfordshire, England.-Details:...

  • Tilsworth Castle
    Tilsworth Castle
    Tilsworth Castle refers to both "Warren Knoll Motte" and "Tilsworth Manor", both built in the same general area, located in the civil parish of Tilsworth, in the county of Bedfordshire, England.-Warren Knoll Motte:...

  • Toddington Castle
    Toddington Castle
    Toddington Castle, today known as "Conger Hill Motte", was a castle located in the village of Toddington, in the county of Bedfordshire, England.-Details:...

  • Totternhoe Castle
    Totternhoe Castle
    -Details:Totternhoe Castle overlooks the village of Totternhoe in Bedfordshire, near the town of Dunstable. Built during the Norman period, probably during the years of the Anarchy, it is of a motte-and-bailey design, with two baileys rather than the more usual one...

  • Yielden Castle
    Yielden Castle
    Yielden Castle was a twelfth century castle located in Yielden in the county of Bedfordshire, England.-Details:Yielden Castle has also been known, or recorded as, "Yeldon Castle", "Yelden Castle", "Giuelden Castle" and "Yielding Castle". It was a Motte-and-bailey castle that had two baileys...



  • Bedford Castle
    Bedford Castle
    Bedford Castle was a large medieval castle in Bedford, England. Built after 1100 by Henry I, the castle played a prominent part in both the civil war of the Anarchy and the First Barons' War. The castle was significantly extended in stone, although the final plan of the castle remains uncertain...

     was demolished following a well-documented 8-week siege by Henry III
    Henry III of England
    Henry III was the son and successor of John as King of England, reigning for 56 years from 1216 until his death. His contemporaries knew him as Henry of Winchester. He was the first child king in England since the reign of Æthelred the Unready...

    , with around 2000 men, in 1224.
    Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Someries Castle
    Someries castle
    Someries Castle is a Scheduled Ancient Monument, in the Parish of Hyde, near the town of Luton, Bedfordshire, England. It was built in the 15th century by Sir John Wenlock...

    Fortified manor house Fragmentary remains Brick, unfinished, ruined gatehouse and chapel survive.

    Berkshire
    Berkshire
    Berkshire is a historic county in the South of England. It is also often referred to as the Royal County of Berkshire because of the presence of the royal residence of Windsor Castle in the county; this usage, which dates to the 19th century at least, was recognised by the Queen in 1957, and...


    Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:
    • Beaumys Castle
      Beaumys Castle
      Beaumys Castle, also known as Beams Castle, was a 14th century fortified manor house in the parish of Swallowfield in the English county of Berkshire.-History:...

  • Newbury Castle
    Newbury Castle
    Newbury Castle is the name of an English adulterine castle built by John Marshal during The Anarchy. The Castle is mentioned in the "L'Histoire de Guillaume le Marechal" wherein it describes King Stephen as besieging the castle in 1152 and holding Marshal's son, William Marshal, as a hostage...

  • Hampstead Norris Castle
    Hampstead Norris Castle
    Hampstead Norris Castle was a Norman castle in the village of Hampstead Norris, Berkshire, England.-History:Hampstead Norris Castle is a Norman motte and bailey castle overlooking the village of Hampstead Norris, Berkshire, England. The motte is 25 m wide, and 4.2 m high, made of chalk. The...

  • West Woodhay Castle
    West Woodhay
    West Woodhay is a hamlet and civil parish in the English county of Berkshire.It is located in the West Berkshire district, on the Berkshire-Hampshire border, south-west of Newbury, between Inkpen and Ball Hill. The eastern slopes of Walbury Hill, the highest point in South East England, are located...

  • Yattendon Castle
    Yattendon Castle
    Yattendon Castle was a fortified manor house located in the civil parish of Yattendon, in the hundred of Faircross, in the English county of Berkshire.-History:...

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Donnington Castle
    Donnington Castle
    Donnington Castle is a ruined medieval castle, situated in the small village of Donnington, just north of the town of Newbury in the English county of Berkshire.- History :...

    Castle Fragment Built by Richard Abberbury the Elder
    Richard Abberbury the Elder
    Sir Richard Abberbury the Elder was the Chamberlain to Anne of Bohemia, Queen to King Richard II of England.Richard was the son of Thomas Abberbury of Donnington in Berkshire and Steeple Aston in Oxfordshire. He married to Agnes, the daughter of Chief Justice Sir William Shareshull and was...

    , destroyed in English Civil War
    English Civil War
    The English Civil War was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists...

    , gatehouse survives.
    Windsor Castle
    Windsor Castle
    Windsor Castle is a medieval castle and royal residence in Windsor in the English county of Berkshire, notable for its long association with the British royal family and its architecture. The original castle was built after the Norman invasion by William the Conqueror. Since the time of Henry I it...

    Keep and bailey Intact Royal palace Restored and extended by James Wyatt
    James Wyatt
    James Wyatt RA , was an English architect, a rival of Robert Adam in the neoclassical style, who far outdid Adam in his work in the neo-Gothic style.-Early classical career:...

     and Jeffry Wyattville
    Jeffry Wyattville
    Sir Jeffry Wyattville was an English architect and garden designer. His original surname was Wyatt, and his name is sometimes also written as Jeffrey and his surname as Wyatville; he changed his name in 1824.He was trained by his uncles Samuel Wyatt and James Wyatt, who were both leading architects...

    , 1800–30.

    Bristol
    Bristol
    Bristol is a city, unitary authority area and ceremonial county in South West England, with an estimated population of 433,100 for the unitary authority in 2009, and a surrounding Larger Urban Zone with an estimated 1,070,000 residents in 2007...


    Castles of which only vestiges remain include:
    • Bristol Castle
      Bristol Castle
      Bristol Castle was a Norman castle built for the defence of Bristol. Remains can be seen today in Castle Park near the Broadmead Shopping Centre, including the sally port.-History:...


    Buckinghamshire
    Buckinghamshire
    Buckinghamshire is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan home county in South East England. The county town is Aylesbury, the largest town in the ceremonial county is Milton Keynes and largest town in the non-metropolitan county is High Wycombe....


    Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:
    • Bolbec Castle
      Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire
      Whitchurch is a village and also a civil parish within Aylesbury Vale district in Buckinghamshire, England. It is located about four miles south of Winslow, four miles north of Aylesbury and has approximately 850 residents....

    • Bradwell Castle
      Bradwell, Milton Keynes
      Bradwell is an ancient village and modern civil parish that is part of Milton Keynes . For a time, although it predates it, Bradwell was the supporting village for Bradwell Abbey, a Benedictine priory, founded in 1155 and dissolved in about 1540.The village name is an Old English language word...

    • Buckingham Castle
      Buckingham Castle
      Buckingham Castle was situated in the town of Buckingham, the former county town of Buckinghamshire, on the north side of the River Ouse.The castle was first mentioned in documentary sources in 1154-64 and was possibly demolished 1208-1215. It was possibly held by the Giffard family...

  • Castlethorpe Castle
    Castlethorpe Castle
    Castlethorpe Castle stood in the village of Castlethorpe, to the north of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire.This was originally a motte and bailey castle with a timber structure built by Winemar, the Flemish Lord of Hanslope in the 11th or 12th Century. It was at that time known as Hanslope Castle...

  • Cublington Castle
    Cublington
    Cublington is a village and one of 110 civil parishes within Aylesbury Vale district in Buckinghamshire, England. It is about seven miles north of Aylesbury. The village name is Anglo Saxon in origin, and means 'Cubbel's estate'. In the Domesday Book of 1086 it was recorded as Coblincote.The...

  • Desborough Castle
    Desborough Castle
    Desborough Castle is an Iron Age hill fort which lies on the southern side of the valley of the River Wye in Buckinghamshire, which runs through the Chiltern Hills from the Ridgeway and Vale of Aylesbury to the river Thames.-Details:...

  • Ellesborough Castle (Cymbeline's Mount)
    Ellesborough
    Ellesborough is a village and civil parish in Wycombe district in Buckinghamshire, England. The village is at the foot of the Chiltern Hills just to the south of the Vale of Aylesbury, two miles from Wendover and five miles from Aylesbury. It lies between Wendover and the village of Little Kimble...

  • Lavendon Castle
    Lavendon Castle
    Lavendon Castle stood to the north of the village of Lavendon, Buckinghamshire..A motte or ringwork and bailey were mentioned in a pipe roll of 1192-3. The motte was destroyed in 1944 when much 12th century pottery was found...

  • Little Kimble Castle
  • Little Missenden Castle
    Little Missenden
    Little Missenden is a village in Buckinghamshire, England. It is in the Chiltern Hills, about three miles south east of Great Missenden, three miles west of Amersham.The toponym "Missenden" is derived from the Old English for "valley where marsh plants grow"...

  • Weston Turville Castle
    Weston Turville
    Weston Turville is a village and also a civil parish within Aylesbury Vale district in Buckinghamshire, England. It is located about a mile and a half south east of Aylesbury and the parish is bisected across the top by Akeman Street....

  • Wolverton Castle
    Wolverton
    Wolverton is part of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England.Wolverton may also refer to:Places in England:*Wolverton, Dorset*Wolverton, Kent*Wolverton, Hampshire*Wolverton, Shropshire*Wolverton, WarwickshirePlaces in the United States:...

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Boarstall Tower
    Boarstall Tower
    Boarstall Tower is a 14th-century moated gatehouse located in Boarstall, Buckinghamshire, England, and now, with its surrounding gardens, a National Trust property....

    Fortified manor house Fragment Moated site, gatehouse survives, altered 16–17th centuries, converted to house 20th century.

    Cambridgeshire
    Cambridgeshire
    Cambridgeshire is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west...


    Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:
    • Aldreth Castle
      Aldreth
      Aldreth is a hamlet in Cambridgeshire with about 260 residents . It is located near the larger village of Haddenham and falls under the same Parish council. Aldreth is surrounded by fenland on all sides and the River Great Ouse, or the Old West as the locals call it, runs close by...

    • Bourn Castle
      Bourn Castle
      Bourn Castle was in the village of Bourn in Cambridgeshire, 10 miles to the west of Cambridge .It originally consisted of wooden buildings on an earthwork enclosure which was erected in Norman times towards the end of the reign of William the Conqueror. This was burnt down during the reign of...

    • Burwell Castle
      Burwell Castle
      Burwell Castle was an unfinished medieval motte and bailey castle in Burwell, Cambridgeshire, England.-Details:Burwell Castle was built near the village of Burwell in 1143 by Stephen I of England, on the site of a former Roman villa...

    • Cambridge Castle
      Cambridge Castle
      Cambridge Castle, locally also known as Castle Mound, is located in the town of the same name in Cambridgeshire, England. Originally built after the Norman conquest to control the strategically important route to the north of England, it played a role in the conflicts of the Anarchy, the First and...

  • Castle Camps
    Castle Camps
    Castle Camps was a Norman Castle located in what is now the civil parish of Castle Camps, Cambridgeshire.-Owners:Castle Camps was originally a Saxon manor, belonging to Wulfwin, a Thane of King Edward the Confessor. After the Norman invasion, William the Conqueror gave the manor to Aubrey de Vere...

  • Cheveley Castle
    Cheveley Castle
    Cheveley Castle was a medieval fortified manor house near Cheveley, Cambridgeshire, England.-Details:Cheveley Castle was built by Sir John Pulteney, a merchant-financier and Lord Mayor of London, around 1341 on the outskirts of the village of Cheveley...

  • Eaton Socon Castle
    Eaton Socon Castle
    Eaton Socon Castle stood beside the River Ouse in the village of Eaton Socon, which was originally a village in Bedfordshire but is now a district of St Neots in Cambridgeshire ....

  • Ely Castle
    Ely Castle
    Ely Castle was in the cathedral city of Ely in Cambridgeshire. . Its probable site is a mound near the cathedral which is now called Cherry Hill....

  • Huntingdon Castle
    Huntingdon Castle
    Huntingdon Castle was situated in the town of Huntingdon in Cambridgeshire .The site was originally occupied by the Saxons. In 1068 a Norman motte and bailey castle was built for William the Conqueror. During the Anarchy the castle was held by David, King of Scotland through his marriage to...

  • John O'Gaunt's Castle
  • Maxey Castle
    Maxey Castle
    Maxey Castle was a medieval fortified manor house castle in Maxey, Cambridgeshire, England.-Details:Maxey Castle was built around the 1370s by William Thorpe near the village of Maxey...

  • Peterborough Castle
    Peterborough Castle
    Peterborough Castle, also known as Mount Thorold and Touthill, was a medieval motte and bailey castle in Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England.-Details:...

  • Woodwalton Castle
    Woodwalton Castle
    Woodwalton Castle was a small motte and bailey castle at Church End, the northern end of the parish of Woodwalton, Huntingdonshire. Located on a natural hillock, the earthworks of the castle still remain, with an outer moat enclosing a circular bailey with a central motte. A large dyke, apparently...


  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Buckden Palace
    Buckden Towers
    Buckden Towers, formerly known as Buckden Palace, is a 12th-century fortified manor house, located on High Street, Buckden, Cambridgeshire, England....

    Fortified manor house Fragment Claretian
    Claretians
    The Claretians, a community of Roman Catholic priests and brothers, were founded by Saint Anthony Claret in 1849. They strive to follow their founder's “on fire” example and help wherever they are needed. Their ministries are highly diverse and vary depending on the needs of the area. They focus...

     conference centre
    Renamed Buckden Towers, partly demolished and remnants incorporated with 19th century house.
    Elton Hall
    Elton Hall
    Elton Hall is a baronial hall in Elton, Cambridgeshire. It has been the ancestral home of the Proby family since 1660.The hall lies in an estate through which the River Nene runs...

    Fortified manor house Fragment Gatehouse survives, incorporated in building of 1662–1689, remodelled and extended 18–19th centuries.
    Kimbolton Castle
    Kimbolton Castle
    Kimbolton Castle in Kimbolton, Cambridgeshire, is best known as the final home of King Henry VIII's first queen, Catherine of Aragon. Originally a medieval castle but converted into a stately palace, it was the family seat of the Dukes of Manchester from 1615 until 1950...

    Castellated house Intact School Site of medieval castle, rebuilt and later remodelled by Sir John Vanbrugh 1707–10.
    Kirtling Tower
    Kirtling Tower
    Kirtling Tower was a medieval castle and Tudor country house in Cambridgeshire, England, of which the gatehouse still remains.-History:The first documentary records for Kirtling Tower date from 1219, and the 13th century Kirtling Castle was described as having a moat, a ditch and a palisade...

    Fortified manor house Fragment NGS 16th century gatehouse on supposed site of moated Saxon
    Anglo-Saxons
    Anglo-Saxon is a term used by historians to designate the Germanic tribes who invaded and settled the south and east of Great Britain beginning in the early 5th century AD, and the period from their creation of the English nation to the Norman conquest. The Anglo-Saxon Era denotes the period of...

     castle.
    Longthorpe Tower
    Longthorpe Tower
    Longthorpe Tower is a fourteenth century, three-storey tower in the care of English Heritage, situated in the village of Longthorpe, now a residential area of Peterborough in the United Kingdom, about two miles to the west of the city centre....

    Tower house Intact Elaborate scheme of domestic medieval wall paintings.
    Northborough Castle
    Northborough Castle
    Northborough Castle, also known as Northborough Hall, is a medieval fortified manor house in Cambridgeshire, England.-History:Northborough Castle was built between 1333 and 1336 by Roger Northburgh, the Bishop of Lichfield; of the original manor, only the gatehouse and the hall still survive...

    Fortified manor house Fragment Private Gatehouse and hall survive, with 16–17th century alterations.
    Woodcroft Castle
    Woodcroft Castle
    Woodcroft Castle is a converted medieval castle in the parish of Etton, Cambridgeshire, England.-History:Woodcroft Castle was built at the end of the 13th century near the town of Peterborough in Cambridgeshire. Named after the Woodcroft family who owned it at around this time, the medieval remains...

    Quadrangular castle Habitable fragment Private West range of original building survives, with alterations.

    Cheshire
    Cheshire
    Cheshire is a ceremonial county in North West England. Cheshire's county town is the city of Chester, although its largest town is Warrington. Other major towns include Widnes, Congleton, Crewe, Ellesmere Port, Runcorn, Macclesfield, Winsford, Northwich, and Wilmslow...


    Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:
    • Aldford Castle
      Aldford Castle
      Aldford Castle is in the village of Aldford in Cheshire to the north of the church .It was founded by Richard de Aldford as a motte and bailey castle in the 12th century. Some fragments of the stonework around the bailey and significant earthworks survive. It overlooked a ford across the River...

    • Dodlestone Castle
      Dodleston
      Dodleston is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, situated on the border between England and Wales...

    • Frodsham Castle
      Frodsham Castle
      Frodsham Castle was in the market town of Frodsham, Cheshire, England .Initially it served a military purpose, it then became a manor house and a gaol...

  • Kingsley Castle
    Kingsley Castle
    Kingsley Castle, also known as Castle Cob, a medieval motte in Kingsley, Cheshire . It is listed as a Scheduled Ancient Monument. The motte is a cone shaped mound, high; it has a diameter of at the base and tapers to at the top. It is artificial and made from black soil.Historians used to think...

  • Macclesfield Castle
    Macclesfield Castle
    Macclesfield Castle was a fortified manor house/castle in Macclesfield, Cheshire . John de Macclesfield began construction of the castle in 1398. It was made from sandstone, and was square with projecting wings. Alterations were made in the 15th century, and it passed through the hands of two...

  • Malpas Castle
    Malpas, Cheshire
    Malpas is a large village which used to be a market town, and it is also a civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. The parish lies on the border with Shropshire and Wales...

  • Nantwich Castle
    Nantwich Castle
    Nantwich Castle was a Norman castle in Nantwich, Cheshire, England, built before 1180 to guard a ford across the River Weaver. The castle is first documented in 1288. It was last recorded in 1462, and was in ruins by 1485...

  • Newhall Tower
    Newhall, Cheshire
    Newhall is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. The village lies 3½ miles to the west of Audlem and 5 miles to the south west of Nantwich...

  • Northwich Castle
    Northwich
    Northwich is a town and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. It lies in the heart of the Cheshire Plain, at the confluence of the rivers Weaver and Dane...

  • Oldcastle
    Oldcastle, Cheshire
    Oldcastle is a civil parish in the Borough of Cheshire West and Chester and ceremonial county of Cheshire in England. It has a population of 54.-External links:...

  • Pulford Castle
    Pulford Castle
    Pulford Castle is in the village of Pulford, Cheshire, England. It is located immediately to the south of St Mary's Church . It is listed as a Scheduled Ancient Monument.-History:...

  • Shipbrook Castle
  • Shocklach Castle
    Shocklach
    Shocklach is a village in the civil parishes of Church Shocklach and Shocklach Oviatt, Cheshire, England.St Edith's Church, Shocklach is a Grade I listed building.-External links:...

  • Shotwick Castle
    Shotwick Castle
    Shotwick Castle was a medieval fortification near the village of Saughall, Cheshire, England. It is a scheduled monument.-History:Hugh Lupus, 1st Earl of Chester had Shotwick Castle built about 1093. The design encompassed an earth motte with an outer bailey above the River Dee...

  • Warrington Castle
    Warrington
    Warrington is a town, borough and unitary authority area of Cheshire, England. It stands on the banks of the River Mersey, which is tidal to the west of the weir at Howley. It lies 16 miles east of Liverpool, 19 miles west of Manchester and 8 miles south of St Helens...

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Beeston Castle
    Beeston Castle
    Beeston Castle is a former Royal castle in Beeston, Cheshire, England , perched on a rocky sandstone crag above the Cheshire Plain. It was built in the 1220s by Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester, , on his return from the Crusades...

    Enclosure castle Ruins Sited on crag high above Cheshire Plain
    Cheshire Plain
    The Cheshire Plain is a relatively flat expanse of lowland situated almost entirely within the county of Cheshire in northwest England. It is bounded by the hills of North Wales to the west, and the Peak District of Derbyshire and North Staffordshire to the east and southeast...

    , 19th century outer gatehouse.
    Chester Castle
    Chester Castle
    Chester Castle is in the city of Chester, Cheshire, England. It is sited at the southwest extremity of the area bounded by the city walls . The castle stands on an eminence overlooking the River Dee. In the castle complex are the remaining parts of the medieval castle together with the...

    Keep and bailey Fragment Agricola tower sole feature of medieval castle to survive 18th century fire.
    Cholmondeley Castle
    Cholmondeley Castle
    Cholmondeley Castle is a country house in the civil parish of Cholmondeley, Cheshire, England. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building. It is surrounded by a estate.-House:...

    Neo-romantic castle Intact
    Marquess of Cholmondeley
    Marquess of Cholmondeley
    Marquess of Cholmondeley is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1815 for George Cholmondeley, 4th Earl of Cholmondeley. Each Marquess of Cholmondeley is a descendant of Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister of Great Britain....

    Transformed into castle by Smirke
    Robert Smirke (architect)
    Sir Robert Smirke was an English architect, one of the leaders of Greek Revival architecture his best known building in that style is the British Museum, though he also designed using other architectural styles...

    , 1817–19.
    Doddington Castle Tower house Substantially intact Private Also known as Delves Hall. Building At Risk.
    Halton Castle
    Halton Castle
    Halton Castle is in the former village of Halton which is now part of the town of Runcorn, Cheshire, England. The castle is situated on the top of Halton Hill, a sandstone prominence overlooking the village...

    Castle Fragmentary remains
    Duchy of Lancaster
    Duchy of Lancaster
    The Duchy of Lancaster is one of the two royal duchies in England, the other being the Duchy of Cornwall. It is held in trust for the Sovereign, and is used to provide income for the use of the British monarch...

    Commanding position, 13th century tower, 18th century courthouse, folly
    Folly
    In architecture, a folly is a building constructed primarily for decoration, but either suggesting by its appearance some other purpose, or merely so extravagant that it transcends the normal range of garden ornaments or other class of building to which it belongs...

     of c.1800.
    Peckforton Castle
    Peckforton Castle
    Peckforton Castle is a country house built in the style of a medieval castle. It stands in woodland at the north end of Peckforton Hills northwest of the village of Peckforton, Cheshire, England. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building...

    Neo-romantic castle Intact Hotel By Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin was an English architect. He gained a reputation as an expert on medieval buildings and applied this expertise to his new buildings and his restorations...

    , possibly the last serious fortified home built in Britain.

    County Durham
    County Durham
    County Durham is a ceremonial county and unitary district in north east England. The county town is Durham. The largest settlement in the ceremonial county is the town of Darlington...


    Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:
    • Bishopton Castle
      Bishopton Castle
      -Details:Bishopton Castle was built by Roger de Conyers in 1143, in the village of Bishopton, near to the town of Darlington. Constructed in a motte-and-bailey design, the castle had two baileys, rather than the usual one, and originally had two large enclosures beyond the baileys...

  • Cotherstone Castle
    Cotherstone Castle
    Cotherstone Castle was in the village of Cotherstone by the River Tees some north-east of Barnard Castle in County Durham, England.This was a motte and bailey castle built around 1090. In 1200 the wooden building was replaced by a stone building...

  • Dalden Tower
  • Ludworth Tower
    Ludworth, County Durham
    Ludworth is a pit village in County Durham, England situated between Durham and Peterlee.Ludworth has one post office, a school, a community centre and a printers. The village used to have two churches and a fish shop, most of which were destroyed in a fire...

  • Streatlam Castle
    Streatlam Castle
    Streatlam Castle was a Baroque stately home located near the town of Barnard Castle in County Durham, England. Owned by the Bowes-Lyon family, Earls of Strathmore and Kinghorne, the house was one of the family's two principal seats, alongside Glamis Castle in Forfarshire, Scotland. Streatlam...

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Auckland Castle
    Auckland Castle
    Auckland Castle is a castle in the town of Bishop Auckland in County Durham, England....

    Keep and bailey Rebuilt
    Church of England
    Church of England
    The Church of England is the officially established Christian church in England and the Mother Church of the worldwide Anglican Communion. The church considers itself within the tradition of Western Christianity and dates its formal establishment principally to the mission to England by St...

    Mostly 16th century, fragments remain of medieval castle, residence of the Bishop of Durham.
    Barnard Castle
    Barnard Castle (castle)
    Barnard Castle is a ruined medieval castle situated in the town of the same name in County Durham. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument, and was designated as a Grade I listed building in 1950...

    Keep and bailey Ruins
    Bowes Castle
    Bowes Castle
    Bowes Castle is in the village of Bowes in County Durham, England . Historically part of the North Riding of Yorkshire.It was built in the corner of an old Roman fort guarding the Stainforth Pass through the Pennines. Around 1136, Alan, Count of Brittany, built a castle in the north-west corner of...

    Keep Fragmentary remains Ruins of keep survive.
    Brancepeth Castle
    Brancepeth Castle
    Brancepeth Castle is a castle in the village of Brancepeth in County Durham, England, some 5 miles south-west of the city of Durham . It is a Grade I listed building.-History:...

    Keep and bailey Reconstructed Private Substantial medieval portions including 5 towers incorporated in 19th century rebuilding.
    Durham Castle
    Durham Castle
    Durham Castle is a Norman castle in the city of Durham, England, which has been wholly occupied since 1840 by University College, Durham. It is open to the general public to visit, but only through guided tours, since it is in use as a working building and is home to over 100 students...

    Keep and bailey Rebuilt University College, Durham
    University College, Durham
    University College, commonly known as Castle, is a college of the University of Durham in England. Centred around Durham Castle on Palace Green, it was founded in 1832 and is the oldest of Durham's colleges. As with all of Durham's colleges, it is, independently of the University, a listed body...

    Much altered during continuous occupation since c.1072.
    Lambton Castle
    Lambton Castle
    Lambton Castle, located in County Durham, England, between the towns of Washington and Chester-le-Street, is a stately home, the ancestral seat of the Lambton family, the Earls of Durham...

    Neo-romantic castle Intact Wedding venue / Earl of Durham
    Earl of Durham
    Earl of Durham is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1833 for the prominent Whig politician and colonial official John Lambton, 1st Baron Durham. Known as "Radical Jack", he played a leading role in the passing of the Great Reform Act of 1832...

    Later additions demolished following subsidence.
    Lumley Castle
    Lumley Castle
    Lumley Castle is a 14th century quadrangular castle at Chester-le-Street in the North of England, near to the city of Durham and a property of the Earl of Scarbrough. It is a Grade I listed building.-History:...

    Quadrangular castle Intact Hotel / Earl of Scarbrough
    Earl of Scarbrough
    Earl of Scarbrough is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1690 for Richard Lumley, 2nd Viscount Lumley. He is best remembered as one of the Immortal Seven who invited William of Orange to invade England and depose his father-in-law James II...

    Altered c.1580 and 1721.
    Mortham Tower
    Greta Bridge
    Greta Bridge is a village on the River Greta in County Durham, England.-Geography and administration:Greta Bridge lies in the Pennine hills near to Barnard Castle...

    Fortified manor house Intact Private 15th century tower, formerly in Yorkshire.
    Raby Castle
    Raby Castle
    Raby Castle is situated near Staindrop in County Durham and is one of the largest inhabited castles in England. The Grade I listed building has opulent eighteenth and nineteenth century interiors inside a largely unchanged, late medieval shell. It is the home and seat of John Vane, 11th Baron...

    Castle Intact
    Lord Barnard
    Altered 18–19th centuries.
    Raby Old Lodge
    Staindrop
    Staindrop is a village in County Durham, in England. It is situated to the east of Barnard Castle. Lord Barnard of Raby Castle also resides on the border.The village has one of the long greens typical of County Durham...

    Tower house Restored Holiday accommodation Probably built as a hunting lodge for the Neville family of Raby Castle
    Raby Castle
    Raby Castle is situated near Staindrop in County Durham and is one of the largest inhabited castles in England. The Grade I listed building has opulent eighteenth and nineteenth century interiors inside a largely unchanged, late medieval shell. It is the home and seat of John Vane, 11th Baron...

    .
    Scargill Castle Tower house Fragment Private, farm Amongst farm buildings.
    Walworth Castle
    Walworth Castle
    Walworth Castle is a 16th century mansion house, built in the style of a medieval castle and situated at Walworth, near Darlington, County Durham, England. It is a Grade 1 listed building. It was completed around 1600, probably by Thomas Holt for Thomas Jenison. It stands on the site of a former...

    Sham castle Restored Hotel South-west tower and adjoining wall possibly medieval.
    Witton Castle
    Witton Castle
    Witton Castle is a much altered 15th century castle, which is the centrepiece of a holiday and caravan country park at Witton le Wear, near Bishop Auckland, County Durham. It is a Grade II* listed building.-Details:...

    Castle Restored Caravan site Extended 1790–5. Used as a leisure centre for a caravan site.

    Cornwall
    Cornwall
    Cornwall is a unitary authority and ceremonial county of England, within the United Kingdom. It is bordered to the north and west by the Celtic Sea, to the south by the English Channel, and to the east by the county of Devon, over the River Tamar. Cornwall has a population of , and covers an area of...


    Castles of which little or nothing remains include:
    • Bossiney Castle
      Bossiney
      Bossiney is a village in north Cornwall, United Kingdom. It is north-east of the larger village of Tintagel which it adjoins: further north-east are the Rocky Valley and Trethevy.-History:...

    • Bottreaux Castle
      Boscastle
      Boscastle is a village and fishing port on the north coast of Cornwall, England, in the civil parish of Forrabury and Minster. It is situated 14 miles south of Bude and 5 miles north-east of Tintagel....

  • Cardinham Castle
    Cardinham
    Cardinham is a civil parish and a village in central Cornwall, United Kingdom. The village is situated approximately three-and-a-half miles , east-northeast of Bodmin....

  • Helston Castle
    Helston
    Helston is a town and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is situated at the northern end of the Lizard Peninsula approximately 12 miles east of Penzance and nine miles southwest of Falmouth. Helston is the most southerly town in the UK and is around further south than...

  • Penstowe Castle
    Kilkhampton
    Kilkhampton is a village and civil parish in northeast Cornwall, United Kingdom. The village is situated on the A39 approximately four miles north-northeast of Bude.Kilkhampton was mentioned in the Domesday Book as "Chilchetone"...

  • Upton Castle
    Lewannick
    Lewannick is a civil parish and village in Cornwall, United Kingdom. The village is situated approximately five miles southwest of Launceston. The civil parish has a population of 884....

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Caerhays Castle
    Caerhays Castle
    Caerhays Castle is a semi-castellated manor house located south of St Michael Caerhays, a village in Cornwall, England. It is situated overlooking Porthluney Cove on the English Channel...

    Neo-romantic castle Intact Built 1808 by John Nash
    John Nash (architect)
    John Nash was a British architect responsible for much of the layout of Regency London.-Biography:Born in Lambeth, London, the son of a Welsh millwright, Nash trained with the architect Sir Robert Taylor. He established his own practice in 1777, but his career was initially unsuccessful and...

    .
    Carn Brea Castle
    Carn Brea Castle
    Carn Brea Castle on Carn Brea is a 14th century grade II listed granite stone building which was extensively remodelled in the 18th century as a hunting lodge in the style of a castle for the Basset family. The building is in private use as a restaurant....

    Sham castle Intact Restaurant Possible medieval hunting lodge rebuilt 18–19th centuries.
    Ince Castle
    Ince Castle
    Ince Castle is three miles from Saltash, Cornwall, England. It is not a castle in the conventional sense, but a manor house built of brick. It was built in 1642, at the start of the English Civil War and was captured in 1646. Attached to the house are four three-storey towers with walls 1.2 metres...

    Semi-fortified house Intact NGS House may have been held against the Roundheads in 1646.
    Launceston Castle
    Launceston Castle
    Launceston Castle is located in the town of Launceston, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. .-Early history:The castle is a Norman motte and bailey earthwork castle raised by Robert, Count of Mortain, half-brother of William the Conqueror shortly after the Norman conquest, possibly as early as 1067...

    Keep and bailey Ruins
    Pendennis Castle
    Pendennis Castle
    Pendennis Castle is a Henrician castle, also known as one of Henry VIII's Device Forts, in the English county of Cornwall. It was built in 1539 for King Henry VIII to guard the entrance to the River Fal on its west bank, near Falmouth. St Mawes Castle is its opposite number on the east bank and...

    Artillery fort Intact Withstood 5-month siege in 1646.
    Pengersick Castle Fortified manor house Fragment 4-storey tower remains, with later building.
    Place House, Fowey
    Place House
    Place House is a Grade One listed building located in Fowey, Cornwall, England.Home of the Treffry family since the thirteenth century, the original structure was a fifteenth century tower, which was defended against the French in 1475 by Dame Elizabeth Treffry...

    Tower house Rebuilt Private Original tower house defended against the French in 1475, subsequently strengthened, later rebuilt.
    Restormel Castle
    Restormel Castle
    Restormel Castle is situated on the River Fowey near Lostwithiel, Cornwall, United Kingdom. It is one of the four chief Norman castles of Cornwall, the others being Launceston, Tintagel and Trematon. The castle is notable for its perfectly circular design...

    Shell keep Ruins
    St Catherine's Castle
    St Catherine's Castle
    St Catherine's Castle is a small fort commissioned by Henry VIII. It is a two-storey building built to protect Fowey Harbour in Cornwall, United Kingdom. A twin battery of 64-pdr RMLS was added on a lower terrace in 1855...

    Artillery fort Ruins At mouth of River Fowey
    River Fowey
    The River Fowey is a river in Cornwall, United Kingdom.It rises about north-west of Brown Willy on Bodmin Moor, passes Lanhydrock House, Restormel Castle and Lostwithiel, then broadens at Milltown before joining the English Channel at Fowey. It is only navigable by larger craft for the last ....

    .
    St. Mawes Castle
    St Mawes Castle
    St Mawes Castle and its larger sister castle, Pendennis, were built as part of a defensive chain of fortresses by Henry VIII to protect the south coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom...

    Artillery fort Intact Position not defensible from land attack.
    St. Michael's Mount
    St Michael's Mount
    St Michael's Mount is a tidal island located off the Mount's Bay coast of Cornwall, United Kingdom. It is a civil parish and is united with the town of Marazion by a man-made causeway of granite setts, passable between mid-tide and low water....

    Fortified site Substantially intact Castle and priory church comprise single building.
    Tintagel Castle
    Tintagel Castle
    Tintagel Castle is a medieval fortification located on the peninsula of Tintagel Island, adjacent to the village of Tintagel in Cornwall, United Kingdom. The site was possibly occupied in the Romano-British period, due to an array of artefacts dating to this period which have been found on the...

    Twin bailey Fragmentary remains
    Trematon Castle
    Trematon Castle
    Trematon Castle is situated near Saltash in Cornwall, United Kingdom. It is similar in style to the later Restormel Castle, with a 12th century keep. Trematon Castle overlooks Plymouth Sound and was built probably by Robert, Count of Mortain on the ruins of an earlier Roman fort: it is a...

    Shell keep Ruins Duchy of Cornwall
    Duchy of Cornwall
    The Duchy of Cornwall is one of two royal duchies in England, the other being the Duchy of Lancaster. The eldest son of the reigning British monarch inherits the duchy and title of Duke of Cornwall at the time of his birth, or of his parent's succession to the throne. If the monarch has no son, the...


    Cumbria
    Cumbria
    Cumbria , is a non-metropolitan county in North West England. The county and Cumbria County Council, its local authority, came into existence in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. Cumbria's largest settlement and county town is Carlisle. It consists of six districts, and in...

    Castles of which only earthworks, vestiges or no traces remain include:
    • Aldingham Moat Hill
      Aldingham
      Aldingham is a village and civil parish in the South Lakeland district of Cumbria, England. It is situated on the east coast of the Furness peninsula, facing into Morecambe Bay, and is about east of Barrow in Furness, and south of Ulverston...

    • Castle Howe (Kendal)
    • Castle Howe (Tebay)
    • Egremont Castle
      Egremont Castle
      Egremont Castle is located in the town of Egremont, Cumbria. -History:The original castle was built on a mound above the River Ehen on the site of a Danish fort following the conquest of Cumberland in 1092 by William II of England. The present castle was built by William de Meschines, who founded...

  • Haresceugh Castle
    Renwick, Cumbria
    Renwick, formerly known as Ravenwick, is a small village in the English county of Cumbria. It forms part of the civil parish of Kirkoswald in the District of Eden...

  • Hartley Castle
    Hartley Castle
    -History:The manor was confiscated circa 1315 from Roger de Clifford and granted to Andrew de Harcla . The name Harcla is thought to be from the Old English for "hard ground" and may refer to the outcrop of land that the castle is built upon in the Eden valley.The existing manor house was fortified...

  • Hayes Castle
    Distington
    Distington is a large village and civil parish in Cumbria, England, south of Workington and north-northeast of Whitehaven.Historically a part of Cumberland, the civil parish includes the nearby settlements of Common End, Gilgarran and Pica...

  • High Head Castle
    High Head Castle
    High Head Castle is a large fortified manor house in the English county of Cumbria. It is located between Carlisle and Penrith. The house is now little more than a ruin with just the mere exterior walls and certain foundations surviving...

  • Kirkoswald Castle
    Kirkoswald Castle
    Kirkoswald Castle is located in the village of Kirkoswald, Cumbria . It is built from locally quarried "Penrith" red sandstone and is still partially standing.-History:...

  • Lammerside Castle
    Mallerstang
    Mallerstang is a civil parish in the extreme east of Cumbria, and, geographically, a dale at the head of the upper Eden Valley. Originally part of Westmorland, it lies about south of the nearest town, Kirkby Stephen...

  • Liddel Strength
    Liddel Water
    Liddel Water is a river running through southern Scotland and northern England, for much of its course forming the border between the two countries, and was formerly one of the boundaries of the Debatable Lands....

  • Maryport Castle
  • Netherhall Tower
  • Pennington Castle
    Pennington, Cumbria
    Pennington, Cumbria is a small village and civil parish in Furness, a region of Cumbria, England. Pennington lies in between Ulverston and Lindal....

  • Sedbergh Castle
  • Triermain Castle
  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Appleby Castle
    Appleby Castle
    Appleby Castle is in the town of Appleby, Cumbria overlooking the River Eden . It consists of a 12th-century castle keep which is known as Caesar's tower, and a mansion house. These, together with their associated buildings, are set in a courtyard surrounded by curtain walls...

    Keep and bailey Restored Private Restored 17th century by Lady Anne Clifford
    Lady Anne Clifford
    Lady Anne Clifford, 14th Baroness de Clifford was the only surviving child of George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland by his wife Lady Margaret Russell, daughter of Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford...

    .
    Armathwaite Castle
    Armathwaite Castle
    Armathwaite Castle is in the village of Armathwaite, Cumbria by the River Eden . It is a Grade II* listed building.It is a four-storeyed pele tower which was built in the 15th century with alterations in the late 17th or early 18th centuries. An extension was added in the late 18th and there were...

    Tower house Intact Private Incorporated in later buildings.
    Arnside Tower
    Arnside Tower
    -History:Arnside Tower was built in the second half of the 15th century; tower houses were then often built in the insecure areas of northern England and southern Scotland. Constructed of limestone rubble, the tower was originally five storeys high, measuring 50 feet by 34 feet...

    Tower house Ruins Private Freestanding tower house.
    Askerton Castle
    Askerton Castle
    -History:Askerton Castle was built in the village of Askerton in Cumbria around 1300. Originally the castle was an unfortified manor, but in the late-15th century William Dacre to build two crenellated towers on either end of the hall range, probably with the aim of increasing the living space in...

    Castle Restored Private, farm Altered by Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin was an English architect. He gained a reputation as an expert on medieval buildings and applied this expertise to his new buildings and his restorations...

    .
    Beetham Hall
    Beetham
    Beetham is a village and civil parish in Cumbria, England, situated on the border with Lancashire. It is part of the Arnside and Silverdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.-Demography:The parish had a population of 1,724 recorded in the 2001 census,...

    Fortified manor house Partly ruined Private
    Bewcastle Castle Courtyard castle Fragmentary ruins Sited within Roman fort.
    Bewley Castle
    Colby, Cumbria
    Colby is a small village and civil parish in the Eden District of the English county of Cumbria. It is near the village of Bolton to the north and the town of Appleby-in-Westmorland to the east....

    Fortified manor house Fragmentary ruins Private Once a residence of the Bishops of Carlisle
    Bishop of Carlisle
    The Bishop of Carlisle is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Carlisle in the Province of York.The diocese covers the County of Cumbria except for Alston Moor and the former Sedbergh Rural District...

    .
    Blencow Hall
    Blencow
    Blencow or Blencowe is a small village near Penrith, Cumbria. It is divided by the River Petteril into Great Blencow to the south and Little Blencow to the north...

    Fortified house Intact Holiday accommodation Altered 1590.
    Brackenburgh Old Tower
    Calthwaite
    Calthwaite is a small village in rural Cumbria, situated between the small market town of Penrith and the larger City of Carlisle. It is within of the civil parish of Hesket and the district of Eden, and has a population of around 100 people....

    Pele tower Substantially intact Private Adjoining large 19th century house.
    Brackenhill Tower
    Kirklinton
    Kirklinton is a village in the City of Carlisle District, in the English county of Cumbria. It is a few miles away from the large village of Longtown. It has a church called St Cuthbert's Church...

    Tower house Intact Holiday accommodation Restored 21st century.
    Branthwaite Hall
    Branthwaite Hall
    Branthwaite Hall is pele tower in Cumbria, England, considered by historian Anthony Emery to be "one of the best-preserved early houses in Cumbria".-History:...

    Pele tower Intact Private 17th century additions.
    Brough Castle
    Brough Castle
    Brough Castle is a ruined castle in the village of Brough, Cumbria , England. It is currently administered by English Heritage. The Castle consists of a large mound, on which there is an extensive range of buildings, with a circular corner tower, and the remnants of an older four storey...

    Keep and bailey Ruins Restored 1659–62 by Lady Anne Clifford
    Lady Anne Clifford
    Lady Anne Clifford, 14th Baroness de Clifford was the only surviving child of George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland by his wife Lady Margaret Russell, daughter of Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford...

    .
    Brougham Castle
    Brougham Castle
    Brougham Castle is a medieval building about south-east of Penrith, Cumbria, England. It is a Scheduled Monument and open to the public. Founded by Robert de Vieuxpont in the early 13th century on the site of a Roman fort, it sits near the confluence of the rivers Eamont and Lowther...

    Keep and bailey Ruins Converted into country house in 17th century by Lady Anne Clifford
    Lady Anne Clifford
    Lady Anne Clifford, 14th Baroness de Clifford was the only surviving child of George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland by his wife Lady Margaret Russell, daughter of Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford...

    .
    Brougham Hall
    Brougham Hall
    Brougham Hall is located in the village of Brougham just outside Penrith, Cumbria, England. The oldest part of the hall is the Tudor building, which dates back to around 1500 and was once the scene of a bloody battle between the English and Scots....

    Fortified manor house Ruins Crafts centre Ruins of 19th century house incorporating remains of earlier building.
    Broughton Tower
    Broughton-in-Furness
    Broughton in Furness is a small town on the southern boundary of England's Lake District National Park. It is located in the Furness region of Cumbria, which was part of Lancashire before 1974...

    Pele tower Intact School Incorporated in later building.
    Burneside Hall
    Burneside Hall
    Burneside Hall is a converted medieval pele tower in Burneside, Cumbria, England.-History:Documentary records for Burneside Hall extend to 1290, when a property was owned on the site by Gilbert Burneshead, the Under-Sheriff of Westmorland. Richard Bellingham, a member of an influential...

    Tower house Ruins Private
    Carlisle Castle
    Carlisle Castle
    Carlisle Castle is situated in Carlisle, in the English county of Cumbria, near the ruins of Hadrian's Wall. The castle is over 900 years old and has been the scene of many historical episodes in British history. Given the proximity of Carlisle to the border between England and Scotland, it...

    Keep and bailey Substantially intact Converted to barracks 19th century.
    Catterlen Hall
    Catterlen
    Catterlen is a small village and civil parish north west of Penrith, Cumbria.The village is a linear one with the B5305 road dividing it into two...

    Tower house Intact Private Later additions.
    Clifton Hall
    Clifton Hall, Cumbria
    Clifton Hall in the civil parish of Clifton, Cumbria, England, was a 15th century fortified manor house which was home to the Clifton family for almost 600 years...

    Pele tower Substantially intact Used as a farm building until 1973.
    Cockermouth Castle
    Cockermouth Castle
    Cockermouth Castle is in the town of Cockermouth in Cumbria on a site by the junction of the Rivers Cocker and Derwent.The first castle on this site was built by the Normans in 1134. Significant additions were made in the 13th and 14th centuries. The castle played a significant role in the Wars...

    Enclosure castle Partly restored Private 19th century additions.
    Corby Castle
    Corby Castle
    Corby Castle is an ancestral home of the Howard family situated on the southern edge of the village of Great Corby in northern Cumbria, England....

    Tower house Rebuilt Private Concealed within a Georgian
    Georgian architecture
    Georgian architecture is the name given in most English-speaking countries to the set of architectural styles current between 1720 and 1840. It is eponymous for the first four British monarchs of the House of Hanover—George I of Great Britain, George II of Great Britain, George III of the United...

     Mansion House.
    Dacre Castle
    Dacre Castle
    Dacre Castle is in the village of Dacre some south-west of Penrith, Cumbria .In 1307 William de Dacre was granted licence to crenellate his dwelling on the site. The present building is a pele tower rather than a castle which was built in the 14th century for protection against the Scots...

    Tower house Restored Private Restored 17th and 19th centuries.
    Dalston Hall
    Dalston, Cumbria
    Dalston is a large village and civil parish within the City of Carlisle district of Cumbria, England. It is situated on the B5299 road about four miles south-south-west of Carlisle city centre, and approximately five miles from Junction 42 of the M6 motorway.The village has a population of around...

    Fortified house Intact Hotel Later additions.
    Dalton Castle
    Dalton Castle
    Dalton Castle is a 14th-century peel tower situated in Dalton-in-Furness, Cumbria, England, and in the ownership of the National Trust. It was constructed by the monks of Furness Abbey for the protection of the nearby market town, and was the building from which the Abbot administered the area and...

    Pele tower Restored Remodelled c.1704 and 1856.
    Drawdykes Castle
    Linstock, Cumbria
    Linstock is a small village in the civil parish of Stanwix Rural, in the Carlisle District, in the county of Cumbria, England. It is a few miles away from the city of Carlisle and near the River Eden.- Nearby settlements :...

    Tower house Intact Private, farm Original tower with early Classical Revival facade.
    Drumburgh Castle
    Drumburgh Castle
    Drumburgh Castle is a medieval pele tower in the village of Drumburgh, in Cumbria, England.-History:A pele tower was originally built on this site, near the village of Burgh, by Robert le Brun in 1307, on the site of a former tower that had been part of Hadrian's Wall. The construction used red...

    Tower house Habitable Private Converted into farmhouse.
    Gleaston Castle
    Gleaston Castle
    Gleaston Castle is situated in a valley about 0.5 km north-east of the village of Gleaston, which lies between the towns of Ulverston and Barrow-in-Furness in the Furness peninsula, Cumbria, England.-Structure:...

    Enclosure castle Fragmentary remains Private Abandoned late 15th century.
    Greystoke Castle
    Greystoke Castle
    Greystoke Castle is in the village of Greystoke west of Penrith in the county of Cumbria in northern England. .In 1069, after the Norman conquest the English landlord Ligulf of Greystoke was re-granted his land and he built a wooden tower surrounded by a pale . The first stone structure on the...

    Castle Rebuilt Wedding venue Rebuilt incorporating parts of 14th century building, remodelled 1840 by Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin was an English architect. He gained a reputation as an expert on medieval buildings and applied this expertise to his new buildings and his restorations...

    .
    Harbybrow Tower
    Harbybrow
    Harbybrow is a small settlement in the parish of Allhallows, Cumbria. Consisting of two inhabited dwellings - the old manor house and nearby mill - it is the smallest hamlet in the parish. The pele tower connected to the manor house was used to shelter animals during raids in the days of the border...

    Pele tower Ruin Private Adjoining 19th century farmhouse.
    Hayton Castle
    Hayton, Allerdale
    Hayton is a village in the Allerdale District, in the English county of Cumbria. Nearby settlements include the town of Aspatria and the villages of Oughterside and Prospect. For transport there is the A596 road nearby....

    Tower house Substantially intact Private Castle converted to house.
    Hazelslack Tower
    Hazelslack
    Hazelslack is a hamlet in the South Lakeland District, in the English county of Cumbria. It is near the large villages of Arnside and Storth. It is also the site of the remains of a peel tower called Hazelslack Tower. It also has a camp site.- References :*...

    Pele tower Ruins Private Near Arnside
    Arnside
    Arnside is a village and civil parish in Cumbria, England. It faces the estuary of the River Kent on the north eastern corner of Morecambe Bay, within the Arnside and Silverdale Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty...

    .
    Howgill Castle Tower house Substantially intact Private Altered and remodelled 17–18th century.
    Hutton-in-the-Forest Pele tower Intact Large country-house extensions.
    Hutton John Pele tower Intact Later alterations and additions.
    Ingmire Hall Pele tower Rebuilt Private apartments Incorporated in large mostly 19th century mansion.
    Isel Hall
    Blindcrake
    Blindcrake is a village and civil parish within the Isel Valley, in the Lake District National Park and in the Allerdale district of Cumbria, England. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 287. The village is some four miles north-east of Cockermouth off the old roman road to...

    Tower house Intact Later additions.
    Kendal Castle
    Kendal Castle
    Kendal Castle is situated on a mound-like hill, known as a drumlin, to the east of the town of Kendal, Cumbria, in northern England.- History :The castle was probably built in the late 12th century as the home of the Lancaster family who were Barons of Kendal...

    Ringwork Fragmentary remains
    Kentmere Hall
    Kentmere
    Kentmere is a valley, village and civil parish in the Lake District National Park, a few miles from Kendal in the South Lakeland district of Cumbria, England. It is historically part of Westmorland...

    Pele tower Intact Private
    Kirkandrews Tower
    Longtown, Cumbria
    Longtown is a small town in northern Cumbria, England, with a population of around 3,000. It is in the parish of Arthuret and on the River Esk, not far from the Anglo-Scottish border. Nearby was the Battle of Arfderydd....

    Pele tower Intact Private
    Linstock Castle
    Linstock, Cumbria
    Linstock is a small village in the civil parish of Stanwix Rural, in the Carlisle District, in the county of Cumbria, England. It is a few miles away from the city of Carlisle and near the River Eden.- Nearby settlements :...

    Tower house Substantially intact Private Altered and remodelled 17–20th century.
    Lowther Castle
    Lowther Castle
    Lowther Castle is a country house in the historic county of Westmorland, which now forms part of the modern county of Cumbria, England. It has belonged to the Lowther family, latterly the Earls of Lonsdale, since the Middle Ages.- History :...

    Neo-romantic castle Ruins Shell of 19th century castle by Smirke, on site of medieval hall.
    Middleton Hall
    Middleton Hall
    Middleton Hall is a Grade II listed building dating back to medieval times. It is situated in the North Warwickshire district of the county of Warwickshire in England, south of Fazeley and Tamworth and on the opposite side of the A4091 road to Middleton village.The Manor of Middleton was held by...

    Fortified manor house Habitable Private Altered and extended 15–19th centuries.
    Millom Castle Castle Ruins 16–17th century farmhouse built into ruins.
    Muncaster Castle
    Muncaster Castle
    Muncaster Castle is a privately owned castle overlooking the Esk river, about a mile south of the west-coastal town of Ravenglass in Cumbria, England.-History:...

    Tower house Restored Remodelled by Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin was an English architect. He gained a reputation as an expert on medieval buildings and applied this expertise to his new buildings and his restorations...

    , home of Tom Fool, 16th century jester.
    Naworth Castle
    Naworth Castle
    Naworth Castle, also known as, or recorded in historical documents as "Naward", is a castle in Cumbria, England near the town of Brampton. It is adjacent to the A69 about two miles east of Brampton. It is on the opposite side of the River Irthing to, and just within sight of, Lanercost Priory...

    Keep and bailey Restored Wedding venue
    Earl of Carlisle
    Earl of Carlisle
    Earl of Carlisle is a title that has been created three times in the Peerage of England. The first creation came in 1322 when the soldier Andrew Harclay, 1st Baron Harclay was made Earl of Carlisle. He had already been summoned to Parliament as Lord Harclay in 1321...

    Altered and restored 18th and 19th centuries.
    Newbiggin Hall Fortified house Intact Private Remodelled by Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin was an English architect. He gained a reputation as an expert on medieval buildings and applied this expertise to his new buildings and his restorations...

    .
    Pendragon Castle
    Pendragon Castle
    Pendragon Castle is a ruin located in Mallerstang dale, Cumbria, close to the hamlet of Outhgill, at It stands in an atmospheric spot, above a bend in the river Eden, overlooked by Wild Boar Fell to the south-west and Mallerstang Edge to the east.-Legend:...

    Tower house Fragmentary remains
    Penrith Castle
    Penrith Castle
    Penrith Castle was built between 1399 and 1470 as a defense against Scottish raids. It is believed to have been first built by William Strickland who later become Bishop of Carlisle...

    Castle Fragmentary remains
    Piel Castle
    Piel Castle
    Piel Castle also known as Fouldry Castle, is a castle situated on the south-eastern point of Piel Island, 1 km off the southern tip of the Furness Peninsula, protecting the deep water harbour of Barrow-in-Furness in north west England.....

    Castle Ruins Also known as Fouldrey Castle.
    Prior's Tower, Carlisle Pele tower Intact Church of England
    Church of England
    The Church of England is the officially established Christian church in England and the Mother Church of the worldwide Anglican Communion. The church considers itself within the tradition of Western Christianity and dates its formal establishment principally to the mission to England by St...

    Part of the Deanery
    Deanery
    A Deanery is an ecclesiastical entity in both the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England. A deanery is either the jurisdiction or residence of a Dean.- Catholic usage :...

    , alongside later buildings.
    Rose Castle
    Rose Castle
    Rose Castle is a fortified house in Cumbria, England, on a site that was home to the bishops of Carlisle from 1230 to 2009. It is within the parish of Dalston, from Dalston itself...

    Quadrangular Castle Restored Church of England
    Church of England
    The Church of England is the officially established Christian church in England and the Mother Church of the worldwide Anglican Communion. The church considers itself within the tradition of Western Christianity and dates its formal establishment principally to the mission to England by St...

    Converted to private house 17th century, residence of the Bishop of Carlisle
    Bishop of Carlisle
    The Bishop of Carlisle is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Carlisle in the Province of York.The diocese covers the County of Cumbria except for Alston Moor and the former Sedbergh Rural District...

     until 2011.
    Scaleby Castle
    Scaleby
    Scaleby is a village and civil parish in the City of Carlisle district, in the county of Cumbria, England. Scaleby has a castle called Scaleby Castle and a All saints' Church.- External links :* http://genuki.org.uk/big/eng/CUL/Scaleby/index.html...

    Tower house Partly ruined Private Incorporated with later house.
    Sizergh Castle
    Sizergh Castle & Garden
    Sizergh Castle & Garden is a castle, stately home and garden at Helsington in the English county of Cumbria, about south of Kendal, and in the care of the National Trust.- Details :...

    Tower house Restored Altered 18–20th centuries.
    Toppin Castle Sham castle Intact Private Imitation tower house.
    Ubarrow Hall
    Longsleddale
    Longsleddale is a valley and civil parish in the South Lakeland district of the English county of Cumbria. It includes the hamlet of Sadgill. The parish has a population of 73....

    Pele tower Substantially intact Private Alongside later building, reduced in height.
    Wharton Hall
    Nateby, Cumbria
    Nateby is a village and civil parish in the Eden district of Cumbria, England. It is situated very near the town of Kirkby Stephen, near the River Eden, and on the borders of the Yorkshire Dales and North Yorkshire. Nearby are the Nine Standards Rigg hills...

    Fortified manor house Partly restored Private
    Whitehall, Mealsgate
    Mealsgate
    -Location:Mealsgate is situated on the old Roman Road between Carlisle and the Roman fort of Derventio at Papcastle . This road is now known as the A595.-Railway Connection:...

    Tower house Substantially intact Holiday accommodation Alterations by Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin was an English architect. He gained a reputation as an expert on medieval buildings and applied this expertise to his new buildings and his restorations...

    .
    Workington Hall
    Workington
    Workington is a town, civil parish and port on the west coast of Cumbria, England, at the mouth of the River Derwent. Lying within the Borough of Allerdale, Workington is southwest of Carlisle, west of Cockermouth, and southwest of Maryport...

    Tower house Ruins Local authority Also known as Curwen Hall.
    Wray Castle
    Wray Castle
    Wray Castle is a large private house at Claife in the English county of Cumbria, built in the Gothic Revival style in 1840. Today, the castle is used as a training centre, and is not open to the public...

    Neo-romantic castle Intact
    Wraysholme Tower
    Allithwaite
    Allithwaite is a small village in Cumbria, England, located roughly West of Grange-over-Sands. Most of its residents commute to local areas of Ulverston, Barrow-in-Furness, Kendal or Lancaster to work. Allithwaite, and the village of Cartmel situated to the north, are part of the civil parish of...

    Tower house Substantially intact Private, farm Used as barn and cow-house, adjoining 19th century house.
    Yanwath Hall
    Yanwath and Eamont Bridge
    Yanwath and Eamont Bridge is a civil parish in the Eden District of Cumbria, England, consisting of the small village of Yanwath and most of the neighbouring village of Eamont Bridge. It has a population of 457....

    Pele tower Intact Private Adjoining later building.

    Derbyshire
    Derbyshire
    Derbyshire is a county in the East Midlands of England. A substantial portion of the Peak District National Park lies within Derbyshire. The northern part of Derbyshire overlaps with the Pennines, a famous chain of hills and mountains. The county contains within its boundary of approx...

    Castles of which only earthworks, vestiges or no traces remain include:
    • Bakewell Castle
      Bakewell Castle
      Bakewell Castle was in the town of Bakewell, Derbyshire .It was a motte and bailey castle built in the 12th century. Now only the earthworks remain.. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument.Razed to the ground, as a consequence of the English Civil War.-Notes:...

    • Derby Castle
      Derby
      Derby , is a city and unitary authority in the East Midlands region of England. It lies upon the banks of the River Derwent and is located in the south of the ceremonial county of Derbyshire. In the 2001 census, the population of the city was 233,700, whilst that of the Derby Urban Area was 229,407...

    • Duffield Castle
      Duffield Castle, Derbyshire
      Duffield Castle was a Norman Castle in Duffield, Derbyshire. The site is a Scheduled Ancient Monument.It was on a rocky promontory facing the river, easily defended, though it is debatable whether it was inhabited in prehistoric times...

  • Glossop Castle
    Glossop Castle
    Glossop Castle is located north of Glossop, off "Hilltop Road", 14 miles east of Manchester, on the A57. The site is visible from the main road, standing atop a commanding ridge. Some 16 miles South-East is Peveril Castle.-History:...

  • Gresley Castle
    Castle Gresley
    Castle Gresley is a village and civil parish about southwest of the centre of Swadlincote in South Derbyshire, England. The village is about west of the village of Church Gresley....

  • Hathersage Castle
    Hathersage
    Hathersage is a village in the Derbyshire Peak District, in England. It lies on the north bank of the River Derwent, approximately 10 miles west of Sheffield...

  • Holmesfield Castle
    Holmesfield
    Holmesfield is a village and civil parish in Derbyshire. Steeped in history, the name "Holmesfield" means "raised pasture-land" and comes from Norse and Anglo-Saxon origin...

  • Hope Castle
    Hope
    Hope is the emotional state which promotes the belief in a positive outcome related to events and circumstances in one's life. It is the "feeling that what is wanted can be had or that events will turn out for the best" or the act of "look[ing] forward to with desire and reasonable confidence" or...

  • Horsley Castle
    Horston Castle
    Horston Castle is situated about 1 mile to the south of the village of Horsley, some 5 miles north of the English city of Derby . The ruinous site is a Scheduled Ancient Monument but as at 2008, is a Building at Risk....

  • Melbourne Castle
    Melbourne Castle
    Melbourne Castle was a Norman castle in Melbourne, Derbyshire. From the early 14th century it was primarily in the possession of the Earls and Dukes of Lancaster, though it was briefly the property of the English crown. It was destroyed in 1637 by Henry Hastings, 5th Earl of Huntingdon, its final...

  • Morley Motte
    Morley, Derbyshire
    Morley is a civil parish within the area of Erewash Borough Council in the English county of Derbyshire, north of Derby It is on the eastern side of Morley Moor, with Morley Smithy to the north. The parish church of St Matthew stands near the Tithe Barn and dovecote of Morley Hall...

  • Pilsbury Castle
    Pilsbury Castle
    Pilsbury Castle was a Norman castle in Derbyshire near the present day village of Pilsbury, overlooking the River Dove.-Details:Pilsbury Castle occupies an area of high ground approximately 175 yards by 150 yards overlooking the River Dove, near the village of Pilsbury...

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Bolsover Castle
    Bolsover Castle
    Bolsover Castle is a castle in Bolsover, Derbyshire, England .-History:It was built by the Peverel family in the 12th century and became Crown property in 1155 when the third William Peverel fled into exile...

    Castle Rebuilt Castle rebuilt as 17th century mansion.
    Codnor Castle
    Codnor Castle
    Codnor Castle is a ruined thirteenth-century castle in Derbyshire, England. The land around Codnor came under the jurisdiction of William Peverel after the Norman conquest. Although registered as a Scheduled Ancient Monument the site is officially, as at 2008, a Building at Risk.The castle is a...

    Castle Fragmentary remains
    Elvaston Castle
    Elvaston Castle
    Elvaston Castle is a country park in Elvaston, Derbyshire, England with of woodlands, parkland and formal gardens. The centrepiece of the estate is Elvaston Castle itself. The castle is a Grade II* listed building but as at 2008 is regarded as a Building at Risk.-History:In the 16th century the...

    Castellated house Derelict Derbyshire County Council Built 1633, remodelled by James Wyatt
    James Wyatt
    James Wyatt RA , was an English architect, a rival of Robert Adam in the neoclassical style, who far outdid Adam in his work in the neo-Gothic style.-Early classical career:...

     in 19th century, now within country park
    Country park
    A country park is an area designated for people to visit and enjoy recreation in a countryside environment.-History:In the United Kingdom the term 'Country Park' has a special meaning. There are over 400 Country Parks in England alone . Most Country Parks were designated in the 1970s, under the...

    . Building At Risk.
    Haddon Hall
    Haddon Hall
    Haddon Hall is an English country house on the River Wye at Bakewell, Derbyshire, one of the seats of the Duke of Rutland, occupied by Lord Edward Manners and his family. In form a medieval manor house, it has been described as "the most complete and most interesting house of [its]...

    Fortified manor house Intact Altered 16–17th centuries, restored 1920s.
    Mackworth Castle
    Mackworth Castle
    Mackworth Castle was a 14th or 15th century structure located in Derbyshire, at the upper end of Mackworth village near Derby. The home for several centuries of the Mackworth family, it was at some point reduced to the ruins of a gatehouse suggestive of a grand castle...

    Fortified manor house Fragment Private Ruined gatehouse adjoining farm.
    Peveril Castle
    Peveril Castle
    Peveril Castle is a medieval building overlooking the village of Castleton in the English county of Derbyshire. Its site provides views across the Hope Valley and Cave Dale. The castle is named after its founder, William Peveril, who held lands in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire on behalf of the king...

    Keep and bailey Ruins Commanding position above ravine.
    Riber Castle
    Riber Castle
    Riber Castle is a 19th century Grade II listed country house situated in the hamlet of Riber on a hill overlooking Matlock, Derbyshire. It was built by John Smedley in 1862 as his private home...

    Sham castle Ruins Private School 1892–1930.
    Wingfield Manor
    Wingfield Manor
    Wingfield Manor is a deserted and ruined manor house some 4 miles from the town of Alfreton in the English county of Derbyshire...

    Fortified manor house Ruins Abandoned 18th century.

    Devon
    Devon
    Devon is a large county in southwestern England. The county is sometimes referred to as Devonshire, although the term is rarely used inside the county itself as the county has never been officially "shired", it often indicates a traditional or historical context.The county shares borders with...

    Castles of which only earthworks remain include:
    • Bampton Castle
      Bampton Castle, Devon
      Bampton Castle was in the village of Bampton, Devon .In Saxon times a defensive mound was built. On this mound the Normans built a wooden castle about 1067. In 1136 it was besieged by King Stephen and the fortifications were burnt down...

    • Barnstaple Castle
      Barnstaple Castle
      Barnstaple Castle stood near what is now the centre of the town of Barnstaple, Devon later lived in the castle and established a priory just outside its walls. The castle's first stone buildings were probably erected by Henry de Tracey, a strong supporter of King Stephen. In 1228, the Sheriff of...

  • Durpley Castle
    Newton St Petrock
    Newton St Petrock is an ecclesiastical and civil parish in the Torridge District of Devon in England, occupying approximately . It has a population in 2001 of 163....

  • Blackdown Rings (Loddiswell)
    Loddiswell
    Loddiswell is a parish and village in the South Hams district of Devon, England. It lies on the west side of the River Avon or Aune and is three miles NNW from Kingsbridge. There is evidence of occupation going back to Roman times...

  • Eggesford Castle
    Eggesford
    Eggesford is a village in mid-Devon. It is served by Eggesford railway station on the Exeter to Barnstaple railway line, also known as the Tarka Line.It is home to the Chichester family, Earl of Portsmouth ....

  • Heywood Castle
    Eggesford
    Eggesford is a village in mid-Devon. It is served by Eggesford railway station on the Exeter to Barnstaple railway line, also known as the Tarka Line.It is home to the Chichester family, Earl of Portsmouth ....

  • Holwell Castle
    Parracombe
    Parracombe is a rural settlement near Lynton, in Devon, England. It is situated in the Heddon Valley, on Exmoor.A number Bronze Age barrows exist nearby, along with several other small earth-works throughout the parish. Beacon Castle and Voley Castle both Iron Age Hill forts are situated nearby...

  • Millsome Castle
    Bondleigh
    Bondleigh is a village and civil parish in the West Devon district of Devon, England, on the River Taw, north of North Tawton. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 123....

  • Torrington Castle
    Castle Hill, Torrington
    There are two hills named Castle Hill within the immediate environs of Great Torrington in Devon, England. The first is within the town and is the site of the Norman & mediaeval castles, but was probably an Iron Age hill fort before this....

  • Winkleigh Castle
    Winkleigh
    Winkleigh is a small village in Devon, England. It is best known outside Devon as the birthplace of Inch's Cider. Inch's Cider was bought by Bulmer's, who then closed the plant down...

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Affeton Castle
    Affeton Castle
    Affeton Castle is a surviving late-medieval gatehouse near East Worlington, Devon, England which overlooks the Little Dart River in Devon and was originally built from grey rubble stone by the Stucley Baronets in around 1434. Originally part of a large manor complex, this castellated gatehouse, 60...

    Fortified manor house Fragment Private Gatehouse of house sacked during English Civil War
    English Civil War
    The English Civil War was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists...

    , with 19th century alterations.
    Berry Pomeroy Castle
    Berry Pomeroy Castle
    Berry Pomeroy Castle, a Tudor mansion within the walls of an earlier castle, is near the village of Berry Pomeroy, in South Devon, England. It was built in the late 15th century by the Pomeroy family which had held the land since the 11th century. By 1547 the family was in financial difficulties...

    Enclosure castle Ruins Very late castle, designed to defend against artillery.
    Bickleigh Castle
    Bickleigh Castle
    Bickleigh Castle is a fortified manor house that stands on the banks of the River Exe at Bickleigh in Devon, England .Once considerably larger, Bickleigh now comprises a group of buildings from various periods. A Norman motte castle of the late 11th or early 12th century was dismantled in the mid...

    Fortified manor house Restored Wedding venue Incorporated in later buildings.
    Compton Castle
    Compton Castle
    Compton Castle is a fortified manor house in the village of Compton, about west of Torquay, Devon, England . The castle has been home to the Gilbert family for most of the time since it was built...

    Fortified manor house Restored Used as farm after 1750, restored 20th century.
    Dartmouth Castle
    Dartmouth Castle
    Dartmouth Castle is one of a pair of forts, the other being Kingswear Castle, that guard the mouth of the Dart Estuary in Devon, England .A small fortalice was built in 1388 under the direction of John Hawley...

    Castle Restored Converted to artillery castle 1509–47.
    Castle Drogo
    Castle Drogo
    Castle Drogo is a country house near Drewsteignton, Devon, England. It was built in the 1910s and 1920s for Julius Drewe to designs by architect Edwin Lutyens, and is a Grade I listed building...

    Neo-romantic castle Intact By Edwin Lutyens
    Edwin Lutyens
    Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, OM, KCIE, PRA, FRIBA was a British architect who is known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era...

    .
    Gidleigh Castle
    Gidleigh Castle
    Gidleigh Castle is in the small village of Gidleigh on the edge of Dartmoor some 3 km to the north-west of the town of Chagford, Devon .This was a fortified manor house built by William de Prouz around 1324....

    Keep Ruins
    Hemyock Castle Enclosure castle Fragmentary remains Private
    Kingswear Castle
    Kingswear Castle
    Kingswear Castle was built between 1491 and 1502 as a coastal artillery tower for use with heavy cannon. It is located in Devon, England.Owing to the limited range of cannon at the time, the fort at Kingswear was designed to work alongside Dartmouth Castle on the opposite bank, so that between them...

    Artillery fort Intact Landmark Trust
    Landmark Trust
    The Landmark Trust is a British building conservation charity, founded in 1965 by Sir John and Lady Smith, that rescues buildings of historic interest or architectural merit and then gives them a new life by making them available for holiday rental...

    Lydford Castle Keep and bailey Ruins
    Marisco Castle Keep and bailey Restored Restored 1643.
    Okehampton Castle
    Okehampton Castle
    Okehampton Castle is a ruined motte and bailey castle situated in Devon, England.The castle has Norman origins and dates from the late 11th century...

    Keep and bailey Fragmentary remains
    Plympton Castle
    Plympton
    Plympton, or Plympton Maurice or Plympton St Maurice or Plympton St Mary or Plympton Erle, in south-western Devon, England is an ancient stannary town: an important trading centre in the past for locally mined tin, and a former seaport...

    Motte and bailey Fragmentary remains
    Powderham Castle
    Powderham Castle
    Powderham Castle is located south of Exeter, Devon, England. The Powderham Estate, in which it is set, runs down to the western shores of the estuary of the River Exe between the villages of Kenton and Starcross....

    Fortified manor house Restored
    Earl of Devon
    Earl of Devon
    The title of Earl of Devon was created several times in the Peerage of England, and was possessed first by the de Redvers family, and later by the Courtenays...

    Remodelled 18th and 19th centuries.
    Rougemont Castle
    Rougemont Castle
    Rougemont Castle is the historic castle of Exeter.The castle was first built in 1068 to help William the Conqueror maintain control over the city. It is perched on an ancient volcanic plug, overlaying remains of the Roman city of Isca Dumnoniorum...

     (Exeter
    Exeter
    Exeter is a historic city in Devon, England. It lies within the ceremonial county of Devon, of which it is the county town as well as the home of Devon County Council. Currently the administrative area has the status of a non-metropolitan district, and is therefore under the administration of the...

    )
    Castle Fragments Wedding venue Medieval fragments survive with later buildings.
    Salcombe Castle
    Salcombe Castle
    Salcombe Castle or Fort Charles is a ruined fortification just off the beach of North Sands in Salcombe, Devon, England, within the South Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty...

    Artillery fort Ruins Refortified 1643–5.
    Tiverton Castle
    Tiverton Castle
    Tiverton Castle is the remains of a Castle with a later manor house within its grounds that stands on a cliffside above the banks of the River Exe at Tiverton in Devon, England....

    Quadrangular castle Partly habitable 16th century house built within castle.
    Totnes Castle
    Totnes Castle
    Totnes Castle is one of the best preserved examples of a Norman motte and bailey castle in England. It is situated in the town of Totnes on the River Dart in Devon...

    Shell keep Ruins Well-preserved keep on high motte.
    Watermouth Castle
    Watermouth Castle
    Watermouth Castle is a building in Watermouth, Devon, England, designed by George Wightwick as a residence for the Basset family in the mid 19th-century and is not a true castle but a country house built to resemble one...

    Neo-romantic castle Intact Theme park

    Dorset
    Dorset
    Dorset , is a county in South West England on the English Channel coast. The county town is Dorchester which is situated in the south. The Hampshire towns of Bournemouth and Christchurch joined the county with the reorganisation of local government in 1974...

    Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:
    • Dorchester Castle
      Dorchester Castle
      Dorchester Castle was in the market town of Dorchester, Dorset, southern England .This motte and bailey castle stood in the north part of the town. Between 1154 and 1175 it was in possession of the Earl of Cornwall and it had become a royal possession by 1185...

    • East Chelborough Castle
      East Chelborough
      East Chelborough is a small village and civil parish in the English county of Dorset. It is located north-east of Beaminster.On the top of the ridge at the nearby Castle Hill are the earthwork remains of a motte-and-bailey castle.-External links:...

  • Marshwood Castle
    Marshwood
    Marshwood is a village in west Dorset, England, situated on the northern edge of the Marshwood Vale six miles north of Lyme Regis. The village has a population of 283 , 8.6% of dwellings are second homes....

  • Powerstock Castle
    Powerstock
    Powerstock is a village in south west Dorset, England, situated in a steep valley on the edge of the Dorset Downs, five miles north east of the market town of Bridport. The village contains many cottages and 2 inns: The Three Horseshoes near the church and The Marquis of Lorne Inn on the other...

  • Sandsfoot Castle
    Sandsfoot Castle
    Sandsfoot Castle is one of Henry VIII's Device Forts, also known as Henrician Castles, built in the 1530s to the west of Weymouth, Dorset, England, opposite its contemporary Portland Castle...

  • Sturminster Newton Castle
  • Wareham Castle
    Wareham, Dorset
    Wareham is an historic market town and, under the name Wareham Town, a civil parish, in the English county of Dorset. The town is situated on the River Frome eight miles southwest of Poole.-Situation and geography:...


  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Brownsea Castle
    Brownsea Island
    Brownsea Island is the largest of the islands in Poole Harbour in the county of Dorset, England. The island is owned by the National Trust. Much of the island is open to the public and includes areas of woodland and heath with a wide variety of wildlife, together with cliff top views across Poole...

    Castellated house Intact Incorporates part of 16th century Henrician Castle.
    Christchurch Castle
    Christchurch Castle
    Christchurch Castle is located in Christchurch, Dorset, England . The earliest stonework has been dated to 1160 AD. It is a Norman motte and bailey castle...

    Motte and bailey Fragmentary remains Hall known as Constable's House survives, with rare Norman chimney.
    Corfe Castle
    Corfe Castle
    Corfe Castle is a village and civil parish in the English county of Dorset. It is the site of a ruined castle of the same name. The village and castle stand over a gap in the Purbeck Hills on the route between Wareham and Swanage. The village lies in the gap below the castle, and is some eight...

    Keep and bailey Extensive ruins Besieged and slighted during the English Civil War
    English Civil War
    The English Civil War was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists...

    .
    Lulworth Castle
    Lulworth Castle
    Lulworth Castle, in East Lulworth, Dorset, situated south of Wool, is an early 17th century mock castle. The stone building has now been re-built as a museum....

    Sham castle Restored Hunting lodge, gutted by fire 1929.
    Pennsylvania Castle
    Pennsylvania Castle
    Pennsylvania Castle is a Gothic Revival mansion on the Isle of Portland, Dorset, England. It is a Grade II listed building.The castle was formerly a hotel, was returned to use as a private residence at the end of the 20th century, and now is once more available for reservations and...

    Neo-romantic castle Intact Private On the Isle of Portland
    Isle of Portland
    The Isle of Portland is a limestone tied island, long by wide, in the English Channel. Portland is south of the resort of Weymouth, forming the southernmost point of the county of Dorset, England. A tombolo over which runs the A354 road connects it to Chesil Beach and the mainland. Portland and...

    , built for John Penn
    John Penn (writer)
    John Penn was an Anglo-American writer, a part proprietor of the Province of Pennsylvania , and a governor of the Isle of Portland.-Life:John Penn was the son of Thomas Penn and his wife Juliana John Penn (aka "John Penn, Jr."[sic], "John Penn of Stoke") (22 February 1760, London, England – 21...

     to designs by James Wyatt
    James Wyatt
    James Wyatt RA , was an English architect, a rival of Robert Adam in the neoclassical style, who far outdid Adam in his work in the neo-Gothic style.-Early classical career:...

    .
    Portland Castle
    Portland Castle
    Portland Castle is one of the Device Forts, also known as Henrician Castles, built in 1539 by Henry VIII on the Isle of Portland to guard the natural Portland anchorage known as the Portland Roads. The castle lies in the far north of the island, in the village now called Castletown, near Fortuneswell...

    Artillery fort Intact Private residence 1816–70.
    Rufus Castle
    Rufus Castle
    Rufus Castle, also known as Bow and Arrow Castle, is a ruined castle overlooking Church Ope Cove on Portland, England. The castle is a Grade I listed building, dating from the late C15, on the site of an earlier building...

    Castle Ruins Private Also known as Bow and Arrow Castle.
    Sherborne Old Castle
    Sherborne Castle
    Sherborne Castle is a 16th-century Tudor mansion southeast of Sherborne in Dorset, England. The park formed only a small part of the Digby estate.-Old castle:Sherborne Old Castle is the ruin of a 12th-century castle in the grounds of the mansion...

    Keep and bailey Ruins Replaced by 16–17th house which became known as Sherborne Castle.
    Woodsford Castle
    Woodsford
    Woodsford is a hamlet in south west Dorset, England, situated in the Frome valley five miles east of Dorchester. The village has a population of 67 ....

    Fortified manor house Habitable Landmark Trust
    Landmark Trust
    The Landmark Trust is a British building conservation charity, founded in 1965 by Sir John and Lady Smith, that rescues buildings of historic interest or architectural merit and then gives them a new life by making them available for holiday rental...


    East Riding of Yorkshire
    East Riding of Yorkshire
    The East Riding of Yorkshire, or simply East Yorkshire, is a local government district with unitary authority status, and a ceremonial county of England. For ceremonial purposes the county also includes the city of Kingston upon Hull, which is a separate unitary authority...


    Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:
    • Aughton Castle
      Aughton, East Riding of Yorkshire
      Aughton is a village in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately north west of the market town of Howden and south west of the market town of Pocklington.It lies west of the B1228 road and east of the River Derwent....

    • Baynard Castle
      Baynard Castle
      Baynard Castle was a motte castle built in the 12th century in the village of Cottingham which is some 7 km south of Beverley in the East Riding of Yorkshire . It was sometimes referred to as the 'castle at Cottingham' or 'Stuteville's castle'....

  • Flamborough Castle
    Flamborough
    Flamborough is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately north east of Bridlington town centre on the prominent coastal feature of Flamborough Head. The most prominent man-made feature of the area is Flamborough lighthouse. The headland...

  • Great Driffield Castle
    Driffield Castle
    Driffield Castle stood in the town of Driffield which is some to the north of Beverley, Yorkshire .It was a Norman earthwork motte and bailey fortress which was founded by Hugh d'Avranches, 1st Earl of Chester. It was re-fortified in the 13th century...

  • Hull Castle
    Hull Castle
    Hull Castle was built in the 16th century on the east bank of the river Hull next to Kingston upon Hull.This was a coastal fortress built by Henry VIII between 1538 and 1544. It was the most northerly of these fortresses and the last to be built during his reign. It was sited between two...

  • Swine Castle
    Swine, East Riding of Yorkshire
    Swine is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately north east of Hull city centre and south of Skirlaugh to the west of the A165 road....

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Paull Holme Tower
    Paull Holme Tower
    Paull Holme Tower is an unusual late-medieval fortified tower in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.-History:The tower is part of a rectangular, moated enclosure near the village of Paull, dating from the beginning of the 15th century. The tower is three storeys high, each floor having a single...

    Tower House Ruins Private Originally part of larger house, roofless.
    Skipsea Castle
    Skipsea Castle
    Skipsea Castle is a Norman Motte and Bailey castle located south of Bridlington, East Riding of Yorkshire, England on the B1249 road at Skipsea Brough. It is a prominent castle...

    Motte and Bailey Earthworks Well-preserved earthworks.
    Wressle Castle
    Wressle Castle
    Wressle Castle is a Grade I listed quadrangular castle located in Wressle, East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The castle was built c.1380–1390 by Sir Thomas Percy. The castle was garrisoned by Parliament during the English Civil War, and was largely demolished by an act of Parliament in...

    Quadrangular castle Ruins Private, farm South range remains, inhabited until gutted by fire in 1796.

    East Sussex
    East Sussex
    East Sussex is a county in South East England. It is bordered by the counties of Kent, Surrey and West Sussex, and to the south by the English Channel.-History:...


    Castles of which little or nothing remains include:
    • Glottenham Castle
  • Isfield Castle
  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Bodiam Castle
    Bodiam Castle
    Bodiam Castle is a 14th-century moated castle near Robertsbridge in East Sussex, England. It was built in 1385 by Sir Edward Dalyngrigge, a former knight of Edward III, with the permission of Richard II, ostensibly to defend the area against French invasion during the Hundred Years' War...

    Quadrangular castle Ruins Wide moat.
    Camber Castle
    Camber Castle
    Camber Castle is one of Henry VIII's Device Forts, also known as Henrician Castles, built to protect the huge Rye anchorage .It is approximately 2 km south of Rye and 2 km northeast of Winchelsea....

    Artillery fort Ruins "Dismantled" 1642 after sea receded.
    Hastings Castle
    Hastings Castle
    Hastings Castle is situated in the town of Hastings, East Sussex .Before or immediately after landing in England in 1066 William of Normandy ordered three fortifications to be built, Pevensey Castle in September 1066, Hastings and Dover, a few days after the battle. Hastings Castle was originally...

    Keep and bailey Fragmentary ruins
    Local Authority
    Ruined by 1399.
    Herstmonceux Castle
    Herstmonceux Castle
    Herstmonceux Castle is a brick-built Tudor castle near Herstmonceux, East Sussex, United Kingdom. From 1957 to 1988 its grounds were the home of the Royal Greenwich Observatory...

    Fortified mansion Restored Queen's University
    Queen's University
    Queen's University, , is a public research university located in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Founded on 16 October 1841, the university pre-dates the founding of Canada by 26 years. Queen's holds more more than of land throughout Ontario as well as Herstmonceux Castle in East Sussex, England...

    Brick, interior dismantled 1777, restored 20th century, former home of Royal Greenwich Observatory, now Study Centre.
    Lewes Castle
    Lewes Castle
    Lewes Castle stands at the highest point of Lewes, East Sussex, England on an artificial mound constructed with chalk blocks. It was originally called Bray Castle.-History:...

    Keep and bailey Ruins Unusual in having two mottes
    Pevensey Castle
    Pevensey Castle
    Pevensey Castle is a medieval castle and former Roman fort at Pevensey in the English county of East Sussex. The site is a Scheduled Monument in the care of English Heritage and is open to visitors.-Roman fort:...

    Keep and bailey Ruins Castle built within surviving walls of Roman fort of Saxon Shore
    Saxon Shore
    Saxon Shore could refer to one of the following:* Saxon Shore, a military command of the Late Roman Empire, encompassing southern Britain and the coasts of northern France...

    .
    Rye Castle (Ypres Tower)
    Rye Castle
    Rye Castle was built in 1249, and is situated in Rye, East Sussex, England. It was Henry III who gave permission for the castle to be built as part of the defence against the frequent raids by the French...

    Tower House Intact Originally called Baddings Tower.

    Essex
    Essex
    Essex is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in the East region of England, and one of the home counties. It is located to the northeast of Greater London. It borders with Cambridgeshire and Suffolk to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent to the South and London to the south west...


    Castles of which only earthworks remain include:
    • Clavering Castle
      Clavering Castle
      Clavering Castle remains are situated in the small parish village of Clavering in the County of Essex, 50m north of the church of St Mary and St Clement on the southern bank of the River Stort, some 10 km south-west of Bishop's Stortford .-Pre-Conquest:...

    • Great Canfield Castle
      Great Canfield Castle
      Great Canfield Castle was in the small village of Great Canfield 5 km south-west of Great Dunmow in Essex .The lords of Canfield, the de Veres, built a motte and bailey castle was built on low ground near the River Roding, probably in the late 11th or early 12th century. The keep was constructed...

  • Great Easton Castle
    Great Easton, Essex
    Great Easton is a village and civil parish north of Great Dunmow in Essex.In the grounds of Easton Hall are the earthwork remains of a motte and bailey castle.-External links:...

  • Ongar Castle
  • Mount Bures Castle
    Mount Bures
    Mount Bures is a small village on the Essex and Suffolk borders. It takes its name from the mount or motte believed to have been built shortly after the invasion by William the Conqueror in 1066....

  • Pleshey Castle
  • Rayleigh Castle
    Rayleigh Castle
    Rayleigh Castle was a masonry and timber castle built near the town of Rayleigh in Essex, England in the 11th century shortly after the Norman conquest...

  • Stebbing Castle
    Stebbing
    Stebbing is a small village in the Uttlesford district of northern Essex, England. The village is situated north of the ancient Roman road Stane Street. Its high street contains a pub, and a bowling green. About 1500 people live in the village...

  • Stansted Mountfitchet Castle
    Stansted Mountfitchet
    Stansted Mountfitchet is a village and civil parish in the county of Essex, England, near the Hertfordshire border, north of London. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 5,533. The village is served by Stansted Mountfitchet railway station....



  • Pleshey Castle is a good example of a motte-and-bailey
    Motte-and-bailey
    A motte-and-bailey is a form of castle, with a wooden or stone keep situated on a raised earthwork called a motte, accompanied by an enclosed courtyard, or bailey, surrounded by a protective ditch and palisade...

     castle: only earthworks and a medieval brick bridge remain.
    Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Colchester Castle
    Colchester Castle
    Colchester Castle in Colchester, Essex is an example of a largely complete Norman castle. It is a Grade I listed building.-Construction:At one and a half times the size of the Tower of London's White Tower, Colchester's keep is the largest ever built in Britain and the largest surviving example in...

    Tower keep Intact
    Local authority
    Reduced in height in 17th century.
    Hadleigh Castle
    Hadleigh Castle
    Hadleigh Castle in the English county of Essex overlooks the Thames estuary from a ridge to the south of the town of Hadleigh. Built after 1215 during the reign of Henry III by Hubert de Burgh, the castle was surrounded by parkland and had an important economic, as well as defensive role...

    Castle Fragmentary remains
    Hedingham Castle
    Hedingham Castle
    Hedingham Castle in Essex, England, is a Norman motte and bailey castle with a stone keep. For four centuries it was the primary seat of the de Vere family, Earls of Oxford.-Description:...

    Tower keep Substantially intact Castle demolished 17th century except for keep, well-preserved interior despite fire of 1954.
    Walden Castle
    Walden Castle
    Walden Castle was a medieval castle in Essex, England, built during the Anarchy of the 12th century.-History:Walden Castle was built in the town of Saffron Walden in Essex at the start of the civil war known as the Anarchy by Geoffrey de Mandeville, with much of the work occurring between 1141 and...

    Keep and bailey Fragmentary remains Remains of keep.

    Gloucestershire
    Gloucestershire
    Gloucestershire is a county in South West England. The county comprises part of the Cotswold Hills, part of the flat fertile valley of the River Severn, and the entire Forest of Dean....



    Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:
    • Bledisloe Tump
      Bledisloe Tump
      Bledisloe Tump was a castle in the village of Awre in Gloucestershire, England.The first castle on the site was built in the 11th or early 12th century and was a simple timber structure. The site was chosen because it occupied a natural high point overlooking the River Severn...

    • Brimpsfield Castle
      Brimpsfield Castle
      Brimpsfield Castle was a castle in the village of Brimpsfield in the county of Gloucestershire, England, between Gloucester and Cirencester.It is likely that the first castle was built after the Norman invasion. Then, in the 12th or 13th century, it was rebuilt in stone. The owner, John Giffard,...

    • Castle Hale (Painswick)
      Painswick
      Painswick is a small town in Gloucestershire, England. Originally the town grew on the wool trade, but it is now best known for its parish church's yew trees and the local Rococo Garden. The town is mainly constructed of locally quarried Cotswold stone...

    • Castle Tump (Dymock)
      Castle Tump, Dymock
      Castle Tump was a castle in the village of Dymock in Gloucestershire, England.The castle was built in either the 11th or more probably the early 12th century as a motte and bailey design. The motte today is 14 m high, with the traces of the bailey to the south-east.During the Anarchy the castle was...

    • Cirencester Castle
      Cirencester Castle
      Cirencester Castle was a castle in the town of Cirencester in Gloucestershire, England.The castle was originally built in the 11th century in timber, with a square keep added in stone in 1107. The castle was of primarily local significance, being relatively small...

    • English Bicknor Castle
      English Bicknor Castle
      English Bicknor Castle was a castle in the village of English Bicknor in Gloucestershire, England.The castle was built in the 11th century as a motte and bailey design, although some suggest a later construction date in the early 12th century. The motte lay at the centre of two concentric outer...

  • Gloucester Castle
    Gloucester Castle
    Gloucester Castle was a castle in the cathedral city of Gloucester in the county of Gloucestershire.- Early Norman Motte & Bailey Castle :It began as a motte castle during the reign of William the Conqueror when 16 houses were demolished to make way for it. It was enlarged by William Rufus who...

  • Hailes Castle (Stanway)
    Hailes Castle, Stanway
    Hailes Castle was a castle in the village of Stanway, Gloucestershire in Gloucestershire, England.The castle was built around the 11th or early 12th century near the church of St Peters' in the village. The castle was moated, although this has since been filled in...

  • Haresfield Mount
  • Hewelsfield Motte
    Hewelsfield Motte
    The Hewelsfield Motte is a roughly circular mound, thought to be a medieval motte built soon after the Norman conquest of England. It is located about southwest of St. Mary Magdalene's church at Hewelsfield, in the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire, England. There is no evidence of any masonry...

  • Holme Castle (Tewkesbury)
    Tewkesbury
    Tewkesbury is a town in Gloucestershire, England. It stands at the confluence of the River Severn and the River Avon, and also minor tributaries the Swilgate and Carrant Brook...

  • Little Camp Hill (Lydney)
    Lydney
    Lydney is a small town and civil parish in the English county of Gloucestershire. It is located on the west bank of the River Severn, close to the Forest of Dean. The town lies on the A48 road, next to the Lydney Park gardens with its Roman temple in honour of Nodens.-Transport:The Severn Railway...

  • Littledean Camp
    Littledean Camp
    Littledean was a castle near the village of Lydney in Gloucestershire, England, notable for its unique early Norman design.Although once thought to have had Roman origins, 20th century archaeology has shown that the castle was built in the 11th century following the Norman invasion of 1066. The...

  • Miserden Castle
    Miserden Castle
    Miserden Castle was a castle near the village of Miserden in Gloucestershire, England.The castle is a large motte and bailey Norman castle, built before 1146 by Robert Musard, after whose family the local village is named. The castle overlooks the River Frome and included a 60 ft wide shell...

  • Newington Bagpath Motte
    Bagpath
    Newington Bagpath is a hamlet in Gloucestershire, England, set in the Ozleworth valley, near the village of Kingscote and forms part of its Civil Parish...

  • Newnham on Severn Castle
    Newnham on Severn
    Newnham on Severn is a village in west Gloucestershire, England. It lies near the Royal Forest of Dean, on the west bank of the River Severn, approximately 10 miles south-west of Gloucester and three miles southeast of Cinderford, at . It is on the A48 road between Gloucester and Chepstow,...

  • Ruardean Castle
    Ruardean
    Ruardean is a village in the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire, England, to the west of Cinderford. It is situated on a hillside with views west towards the mountains of South Wales. Little now remains of the village's industrial history, but once it was a centre for iron ore smelting furnaces,...

  • South Cerney Castle
    South Cerney
    South Cerney is a village and civil parish in the Cotswold district of Gloucestershire, 3 miles south of Cirencester and close to the border with Wiltshire. It had a population of 3,074 according to the 2001 census...

  • Stow Green (St. Briavels)
    Stow Green, St Briavels
    Stow Green Castle, also known as Castle Tump, was a castle near the village of St Briavels in Gloucestershire, England.The castle is believed to have been built after the Norman Conquest. The castle was a small circular ring-motte fortification, once measuring 35 yards across, now only 25 yards,...

  • Taynton Castle
  • Weston Park (Saintbury)
    Chipping Campden
    Chipping Campden is a small market town within the Cotswold district of Gloucestershire, England. It is notable for its elegant terraced High Street, dating from the 14th century to the 17th century...

  • Winchcombe Castle
    Winchcombe Castle
    Winchcome Castle was a castle in the town of Winchcombe in Gloucestershire, England.The motte and bailey castle was built during the chaos of the Anarchy in the 12th century. The castle was built either in 1140 or 1144 in the north-east of Winchcombe, then a key region of the conflict, and rested...


  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Berkeley Castle
    Berkeley Castle
    Berkeley Castle is a castle in the town of Berkeley, Gloucestershire, UK . The castle's origins date back to the 11th century and it has been designated by English Heritage as a grade I listed building.The castle has remained within the Berkeley family since they reconstructed it in the...

    Keep and bailey Intact Largely unaltered until 1920s, when interior modernised by 8th Earl of Berkeley.
    Beverstone Castle Pentagonal castle Ruins NGS 17th century house built within ruins.
    St. Briavel's Castle
    St Briavel's Castle
    St Briavels Castle is a moated Norman castle at St Briavels in the English county of Gloucestershire. The castle is noted for its huge Edwardian gatehouse that guards the entrance....

    Keep and bailey Habitable Youth hostel
    Youth Hostels Association (England & Wales)
    The Youth Hostels Association is a charitable organisation, registered with the Charity Commission, providing youth hostel accommodation in England and Wales...

    .
    Sudeley Castle
    Sudeley Castle
    Sudeley Castle is a castle located near Winchcombe, Gloucestershire, England. It dates from the 10th century, but the inhabited portion is chiefly Elizabethan. The castle has a notable garden, which is designed and maintained to a very high standard. The chapel, St. Mary's Sudeley, is the burial...

    Quadrangular castle Restored Restored as country house 19th century.
    Thornbury Castle
    Thornbury Castle
    Thornbury Castle is a castle in Thornbury, South Gloucestershire, England. It was begun in 1511 as a home for Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham. It is not a true castle , but rather an early example of a Tudor country house, with minimal defensive attributes. It is now a grade I listed...

    Fortified house Substantially intact Hotel Restored 19th century.

    Greater London
    Greater London
    Greater London is the top-level administrative division of England covering London. It was created in 1965 and spans the City of London, including Middle Temple and Inner Temple, and the 32 London boroughs. This territory is coterminate with the London Government Office Region and the London...


    Castles of which no traces remain include:
    • Baynard's Castle
      Baynard's Castle
      Baynard's Castle refers to buildings on two neighbouring sites in London, between where Blackfriars station and St Paul's Cathedral now stand. The first was a Norman fortification constructed by Ralph Baynard and demolished by King John in 1213. The second was a medieval palace built a short...

  • Montfichet's Castle
    Montfichet's Castle
    Montfichet's Tower was a Norman fortress on Ludgate Hill in London, between where St Paul's Cathedral and City Thameslink railway station now stand. First documented in the 1130s, it was probably built in the late 11th century...

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Tower of London
    Tower of London
    Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London, is a historic castle on the north bank of the River Thames in central London, England. It lies within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, separated from the eastern edge of the City of London by the open space...

    Concentric castle Intact Historic Royal Palaces
    Historic Royal Palaces
    Historic Royal Palaces is an independent charity created in 1998 to manage Britain's unoccupied royal palaces. These are:* The Tower of London* Hampton Court Palace* Kensington Palace - the state rooms only.* Banqueting House* Kew Palace...

    White Tower
    White Tower
    -Geography and history:* White Tower of Thessaloniki, a monument and museum in Greece* White Tower of Tehran, Iran* White Tower of Tsarskoye Selo, landscape architecture element in Tsarskoye Selo, Russia...

     built c.1077–1100, curtain walls added 13th century, working portcullis
    Portcullis
    A portcullis is a latticed grille made of wood, metal, fibreglass or a combination of the three. Portcullises fortified the entrances to many medieval castles, acting as a last line of defence during time of attack or siege...

    .

    Greater Manchester
    Greater Manchester
    Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2.6 million. It encompasses one of the largest metropolitan areas in the United Kingdom and comprises ten metropolitan boroughs: Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Wigan, and the...


    Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:
    • Bury Castle
      Bury Castle
      Bury Castle is an early medieval moated manor house in Bury, Greater Manchester . It is listed as a Scheduled Ancient Monument. The manor house was built by Sir Thomas Pilkington – lord of the manors of Bury and Pilkington, and an influential member of Lancashire's gentry – in 1469...

    • Buckton Castle
      Buckton Castle
      Buckton Castle is a medieval ringwork near Carrbrook, Stalybridge, England. It is listed as a Scheduled Ancient Monument due to its proximity to the Buckton Vale Quarry. The castle is oval, with a stone curtain wall wide, surrounded by a ditch wide and deep. Buckton Castle was probably...

  • Dunham Castle
    Dunham Castle
    Dunham Castle is an early medieval castle in Dunham Massey, England . The castle is first referred to in 1173, in a document stating Hamo de Masci held the castles of Dunham and Ullerwood. Documentary evidence suggests the castle at Dunham was still standing in 1323. The castle fell into disuse...

  • Manchester Castle
    Manchester Castle
    Manchester Castle was a medieval fortified manor house, probably located on a bluff where the rivers Irk and Irwell meet, near to Manchester Cathedral, underneath where Chetham's School of Music now is, putting it near the edge of the medieval township of Manchester .-History:Manchester Castle was...

  • Rochdale Castle
    Rochdale Castle
    Rochdale Castle is a motte-and-bailey castle in Castleton, Greater Manchester . It was built in the early post-Norman Conquest period. The motte is at the base; the bailey is rectangular and lies to the south and measures by . The defences consisted of an earth rampart and ditch. The castle was...

  • Stockport Castle
    Stockport Castle
    Stockport Castle was a motte-and-bailey castle in Stockport, Cheshire. The castle was in the medieval town, overlooking a ford over the River Mersey. It was first documented in 1173, but the next mention of it is in 1535 when it was in ruins. What remained of the castle was demolished in...

  • Ullerwood Castle
    Ullerwood Castle
    Ullerwood Castle is an early medieval castle, possibly a shell keep, in Ringway, England . The castle is first referred to in 1173, in a document stating Hamo de Masci held the castles of Ullerwood and Dunham. There is no other contemporary documented reference to the castle...

  • Watch Hill Castle
    Watch Hill Castle
    Watch Hill Castle is an early medieval motte-and-bailey on the border of Bowdon and Dunham Massey, England. It is the only Scheduled Ancient Monument in Trafford, and so is arguably the most important archaeological site in the borough...

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Radcliffe Tower
    Radcliffe Tower
    Radcliffe Tower is the only surviving part of a manor house in Radcliffe, Greater Manchester . It is a Grade I listed building and a Scheduled Monument. The house was rebuilt in 1403 by James de Radcliffe, who was lord of the manor of Radcliffe, and consisted of a stone-built hall and one or two...

    Tower house Fragment
    Local authority
    Ruinous tower formerly incorporated in timber house.

    Hampshire
    Hampshire
    Hampshire is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom. The county town of Hampshire is Winchester, a historic cathedral city that was once the capital of England. Hampshire is notable for housing the original birthplaces of the Royal Navy, British Army, and Royal Air Force...


    Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:
    • Ashley Castle
      Ashley Castle
      Ashley Castle was in the small village of Ashley, Hampshire .It was built in 1138 on the site of a former Iron Age fort by Henry de Blois. It was slighted in 1155, but was then repaired and used until the middle of the 15th century as a palace by the Bishops of Winchester. It was abandoned in the...

    • Basing House
      Basing House
      Basing House was a major Tudor palace and castle in the village of Old Basing in the English county of Hampshire. It once rivaled Hampton Court Palace in its size and opulence. Today only its foundations and earthworks remain...

    • Crondall Barley Pound
  • Godshill Castle
    Woodgreen
    Woodgreen is a village and civil parish within the New Forest district of Hampshire in England.-Overview:Woodgreen lies between Breamore and Hale to the east of the River Avon. It is located due south of the city of Salisbury, its nearest town is Fordingbridge lying to the southwest. In the 2001 UK...

  • Merdon Castle
  • Powderham Castle (Crondall)
  • Rowland's Castle
    Rowland's Castle
    Rowland's Castle is a village and civil parish in the East Hampshire district of Hampshire, England. It is 2.9 miles north of Havant, on the Hampshire/West Sussex border....

  • St. Andrew's Castle
  • Warblington Castle
    Warblington Castle
    Warblington Castle or Warblington manor was a moated manor near Langstone in Hampshire that today consists of little more than one turret, part of the old gatehouse.-Details:...

  • Woodgarston Castle
    Upper Wootton
    Upper Wootton is a small village in the civil parish of Wootton in the Basingstoke and Deane district of Hampshire, England. Its nearest town is Tadley, which lies approximately 4.8 miles north-east from the village....


  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Calshot Castle
    Calshot Castle
    Calshot Castle is one of Henry VIII's device forts, built on Calshot Spit at the Solent near Fawley to guard the entrance to Southampton Water...

    Artillery fort Substantially intact Altered 18–20th centuries, in use until 1961.
    Hurst Castle
    Hurst Castle
    Hurst Castle on the south coast of England is one of Henry VIII's Device Forts, built at the end of a long shingle barrier beach at the west end of the Solent to guard the approaches to Southampton. Hurst Castle was sited at the narrow entrance to the Solent where the ebb and flow of the tides...

    Artillery fort Substantially intact Repaired and refortified 19th century.
    Netley Castle
    Netley Castle
    Netley Castle is a castle in Netley in Hampshire, England. The castle, now situated near the village of Netley Abbey on Southampton Water, was built in around 1542 as part of Henry VIII's chain of coastal fortifications which are known as Device Forts or Henrician Castles...

    Artillery fort Rebuilt Convalescent home Remodelled and extended 1885–90.
    Odiham Castle
    Odiham Castle
    Odiham Castle is a ruined castle situated near Odiham in Hampshire, United Kingdom. It is one of only three fortresses built by King John during his reign....

    Shell keep and bailey Fragmentary ruins
    Local authority
    Built by King John.
    Portchester Castle
    Portchester Castle
    Portchester Castle is a medieval castle built within a former Roman fort at Portchester to the east of Fareham in the English county of Hampshire. Probably founded in the late 11th century, Portchester was a baronial castle that was taken under royal control in 1154. The monarchy controlled...

    Keep and bailey Extensive ruins Built within surviving walls of Roman fort of the Saxon Shore
    Saxon Shore
    Saxon Shore could refer to one of the following:* Saxon Shore, a military command of the Late Roman Empire, encompassing southern Britain and the coasts of northern France...

    .
    Southampton Castle
    Southampton Castle
    Southampton Castle was located in the town of Southampton in Hampshire, England. Constructed after the Norman conquest of England, it was located in the north-west corner of the town overlooking the River Test, initially as a wooden motte and bailey design...

    Keep and bailey Fragments North bailey wall survives.
    Southsea Castle
    Southsea Castle
    Southsea Castle is one of Henry VIII's Device Forts, also known as Henrician Castles, built in 1544 on the waterfront at the southern end of Portsea Island . The castle was built to guard the eastern entrance to the Solent and entrance to Portsmouth Harbour...

    Artillery fort Rebuilt
    Local authority
    Altered several times.
    Winchester Castle
    Winchester Castle
    Winchester Castle is a medieval building in Hampshire, England. It was founded in 1067. Only the Great Hall exists now; it houses a museum of the history of Winchester.-Great Hall:...

    Motte and bailey Fragment
    Local authority
    Great hall survives, reroofed in 1873.
    Wolvesey Castle
    Wolvesey Castle
    Wolvesey Castle is a ruined castle in Winchester, Hampshire, England. It was erected by the Bishop of Winchester Henry of Blois between 1130 and 1140....

    Castle Ruins

    Herefordshire
    Herefordshire
    Herefordshire is a historic and ceremonial county in the West Midlands region of England. For Eurostat purposes it is a NUTS 3 region and is one of three counties that comprise the "Herefordshire, Worcestershire and Gloucestershire" NUTS 2 region. It also forms a unitary district known as the...

    Castles of which little or no traces remain include:
    • Almeley Castle
      Almeley
      Almeley is a village and civil parish in Herefordshire, England.- Location :Almeley is in the west of the county, about north-west of Hereford, south-west of Leominster and from the border with Wales .-General description of village:...

    • Ashton Castle
      Brimfield, Herefordshire
      Brimfield is a village in Herefordshire, England. The village lies on the A49 road at the border with Shropshire. A nearby landmark is Titterstone Clee Hill....

    • Bredwardine Castle
      Bredwardine Castle
      Bredwardine Castle was sited in the village of Bredwardine in Herefordshire, England beside the River Wye.- Early Norman Manor :Following the time of the Norman Conquest the manor was granted to John de Bredwardine. - 12th Century Castle :...

    • Bronsil Castle
      Bronsil Castle
      Bronsil Castle was a fortified manor house about to the east of Eastnor in Herefordshire, England near Ledbury .The first record of Bronsil Castle is around 1240 but no description of the structure at that time is given. In 1449 and again in 1460 Richard Beauchamp, Treasurer to Henry VI, was...

    • Colwall Castle
    • Dorstone Castle
      Dorstone Castle
      Dorstone Castle was in the village of Dorstone in Herefordshire, England, located 6 miles to the east of Hay-on-Wye.-Motte and bailey:This was a motte and bailey castle which probably originated in the 12th century when the site was held by the de Sollers family.-Strengthened against Owain:In 1403...

  • Eardisland Castle
    Eardisland
    Eardisland is a village and civil parish on the River Arrow about west of the market town of Leominster in Herefordshire. The civil parish includes the hamlets of Upper Hardwick, Lower Hardwick and Lower Burton....

  • Eardisley Castle
    Eardisley Castle
    Eardisley Castle was in the village of Eardisley in Herefordshire, England, some 11 km north-east of Hay-on-Wye .This was an 11th century motte and bailey castle with a moat around the bailey filled by a stream...

  • Edvin Loach Castle
    Edvin Loach
    Edvin Loach, also Edwin Loach, is a village in eastern Herefordshire, England, about four miles north of the town of Bromyard, and near the village of Edwin Ralph...

  • Ewyas Harold Castle
    Ewyas Harold Castle
    Ewyas Harold Castle was a castle in the village of Ewyas Harold in Herefordshire, England.The first castle on the site is believed to be one of the very few which were built before the Norman conquest under the Saxons, probably in 1048, on the site of an earlier fortification, possibly by Osbern...

  • Hereford Castle
    Hereford Castle
    Hereford Castle was a castle in the cathedral city of Hereford in Herefordshire, England.- Pre Norman Castle :It stood on a site to the south and east of the modern city overlooking the River Wye...

  • Huntington Castle
    Huntington Castle
    Huntington Castle was situated in the village of Huntingdon in Herefordshire, England, 2½ miles south-west of Kington .- Natural Site :The castle is sited on a commanding position on the modern day England Wales border in what was the Welsh Marches in Norman and medieval times...

  • Kilpeck Castle
  • Kingsland Castle
    Kingsland, Herefordshire
    Kingsland is a small village and civil parish in the English county of Herefordshire. It is located north-west of Leominster.To the west of the church are the earthwork remains of a motte-and-bailey castle.-External links:...

  • Kington Castle
    Kington Castle
    Kington Castle stood in the medieval market town of Kington in Herefordshire, England .- Welsh Marches Border Castle :The castle was sited to the north west of the present town of Kington above the Back Brook. Around the end of the 11th century William Rufus granted the estates in and around...

  • Lingen Castle
    Lingen, Herefordshire
    The village of Lingen lies in the wooded hills of Herefordshire, England in the Welsh Marches near to the border with Wales and close to the village of Wigmore. Situated in the north-west corner of the county, Lingen parish includes the hamlets of Deerfold, Limebrook, Birtley and Willey...

  • Lyonshall Castle
    Lyonshall
    Lyonshall is a historic village and civil parish in Herefordshire, England. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 750.- Location :...

  • Much Marcle Castle
  • Newcourt Tump (Bacton)
    Bacton, Herefordshire
    Bacton is a small village in the rural area of south-west Herefordshire, England. The parish church dates from 13th century and has a relatively long entry in Pevsner's survey of the county's buildings....

  • Newton Tump (Clifford)
    Clifford, Herefordshire
    Clifford is a village and civil parish in Herefordshire, England, four miles to the north of Hay-on-Wye. It lies on the south bank of the River Wye, which here forms the border between Wales and England....

  • Orcop Castle
    Orcop
    Orcop is a village and parish in the county of Herefordshire, England. It lies south of Hereford.It has a well-preserved early Norman motte-and-bailey castle and a church dedicated to St. John the Baptist which has a chancel built around 1300, and a tower that was added early in the 16th century. ...

  • Penyard Castle
  • Pipe Aston Castle
    Leinthall Starkes
    Leinthall Starkes is a village and civil parish in north-western Herefordshire, England. It is about 7 miles south-west of Ludlow.-Pipe Aston:...

  • Richard's Castle
    Richard's Castle
    Richard's Castle is a village, castle and two civil parishes on the border of the counties of Herefordshire and Shropshire in England.The village lies on the B4361, 5½ miles south of the historic market town of Ludlow...

  • Stapleton Castle
    Stapleton, Herefordshire
    Stapleton is a small hamlet and civil parish in Herefordshire near the Welsh border town of Presteigne. The hamlet itself has approximately 25 residents as well as the ruins of a medieval castle.-History:...

  • Urishay Castle
  • Wacton Castle
    Wacton, Herefordshire
    Wacton is a small village and civil parish in the English county of Herefordshire. It is located north west of Bromyard.In a field are the motte and remains of the moat of Wacton Castle: buried foundations are all that remain of stone defences....

  • Walford Castle
    Walford, Letton and Newton
    Walford, Letton and Newton is a civil parish in north Herefordshire, England, close to the border with Shropshire.Walford village lies just south of the River Teme about 2 km southwest of Leintwardine and 2 km northeast of Letton. The post town is Craven Arms and postcodes start with SY7...

  • Walterstone Castle
    Walterstone
    -External links:* , GENUKI genealogy web portal* ** Please note that most of the sites are on private property and are not open to the public*...



  • Ewyas Harold Castle
    Ewyas Harold Castle
    Ewyas Harold Castle was a castle in the village of Ewyas Harold in Herefordshire, England.The first castle on the site is believed to be one of the very few which were built before the Norman conquest under the Saxons, probably in 1048, on the site of an earlier fortification, possibly by Osbern...

     is recorded in the Domesday Book
    Domesday Book
    Domesday Book , now held at The National Archives, Kew, Richmond upon Thames in South West London, is the record of the great survey of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086...

     and was probably built c.1048.
    Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Brampton Bryan Castle
    Brampton Bryan Castle
    Brampton Bryan Castle is in the small village of Brampton Bryan in north-western Herefordshire, England, 50m south of the River Teme. The castle guarded an important route from Ludlow along the Teme Valley to Knighton and on into Central Wales....

    Castle Ruins Private Gatehouse survives.
    Clifford Castle
    Clifford Castle
    Clifford Castle is a castle in the village of Clifford which lies four miles to the north of Hay-on-Wye in the Wye Valley in Herefordshire, England .-Early Norman castle and planned settlement:...

    Motte and bailey Fragments Private Building At Risk.
    Croft Castle
    Croft Castle
    Croft Castle is a manor house and associated buildings near the village of Yarpole in Herefordshire, England some to the north-west of Leominster .-11th century origin:...

    Quadrangular castle Rebuilt Converted to 16/17th century house.
    Downton Castle
    Downton Castle
    Downton Castle is an 18th-century country house at Downton on the Rock, Herefordshire, England, about five miles west of Ludlow, Shropshire. It is a Grade I listed building....

    Neo-romantic castle Intact Private Altered and extended 1860–70.
    Eastnor Castle
    Eastnor Castle
    Eastnor Castle is a 19th century mock castle, two miles from the town of Ledbury in Herefordshire, England, by the village of Eastnor. It was founded by John Cocks, 1st Earl Somers as his stately home and continues to be inhabited by his descendents. Currently in residence is the family of...

    Neo-romantic castle Intact By Robert Smirke
    Robert Smirke (architect)
    Sir Robert Smirke was an English architect, one of the leaders of Greek Revival architecture his best known building in that style is the British Museum, though he also designed using other architectural styles...

    .
    Goodrich Castle
    Goodrich Castle
    Goodrich Castle is a now ruinous Norman medieval castle situated to the north of the village of Goodrich in Herefordshire, England, controlling a key location between Monmouth and Ross-on-Wye...

    Concentric castle Ruins Partly demolished during English Civil War
    English Civil War
    The English Civil War was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists...

    .
    Hampton Court
    Hampton Court, Herefordshire
    Hampton Court is a castellated country house in the English county of Herefordshire. The house is located in the village of Hope under Dinmore, near Leominster.- History :...

    Fortified manor house Intact Remodelled in 1830–40s.
    Kentchurch Court
    Kentchurch Court
    Kentchurch Court is a grade I listed stately home located near the village of Kentchurch in Herefordshire, England.It is the family home of the Scudamore family. Family members included Sir John Scudamore, who acted as constable and steward of a number of royal castles in south Wales at the start...

    Fortified manor house Fragment Medieval tower and gateway survive, remainder largely rebuilt by Nash
    John Nash (architect)
    John Nash was a British architect responsible for much of the layout of Regency London.-Biography:Born in Lambeth, London, the son of a Welsh millwright, Nash trained with the architect Sir Robert Taylor. He established his own practice in 1777, but his career was initially unsuccessful and...

     1795–1807.
    Kinnersley Castle
    Kinnersley Castle
    Kinnersley Castle in Herefordshire, England is one of the many marches castles along the Welsh Borders.The Castle of Kinnersley, on the A4112 east of Eardisley, was originally a stone structure, thought to have been built during the reign of Henry I of England...

    Castle Rebuilt 16–17th century house on site of medieval castle.
    Longtown Castle
    Longtown Castle
    Longtown Castle is a ruin, originally a Norman Motte and Bailey castle and later stone castle built to provide defence against the Welsh and protect the border of Herefordshire.- Location :It is located in Longtown, Herefordshire....

    Keep and bailey Fragmentary ruins Circular keep.
    Pembridge Castle
    Pembridge Castle
    Pembridge Castle, originally called Newland Castle, is a late 12th century to early 13th century Grade I listed former border castle located approximately northwest of Welsh Newton in Herefordshire, England....

    Keep and bailey Partly habitable Private Reconstructed 20th century.
    Snodhill Castle
    Dorstone
    Dorstone is a village within the Golden Valley, Herefordshire, England. There is a thriving community with a church and public house with restaurant. The Golden Valley area offers excellent hillwalking and horseback riding countryside and is noted for its scenery...

    Keep and bailey Fragmentary ruins
    Treago Castle
    Treago Castle
    Treago Castle is a fortified manor house in the Parish of St Weonards, Herefordshire, England . Built c.1500, it was recorded as a Grade I listed building on 30 April 1986—based on its extant medieval architecture, quadrangle courtyard layout and defensive wall corner towers...

    Fortified manor house Restored Private Altered 17–19th centuries.
    Wigmore Castle
    Wigmore Castle
    Wigmore Castle is a ruined castle which is barely visible from the village of Wigmore in the northwest region of Herefordshire, England.- History :...

    Keep and bailey Fragmentary ruins Partly dismantled 1643.
    Wilton Castle
    Wilton Castle
    Wilton Castle is a 12th-century Norman castle fortification located in southeastern Herefordshire, England on the River Wye adjacent to the town of Ross-on-Wye. The castle is named for the manor associated with it....

    Castle Fragmentary ruins Remains incorporated in 19th century house.

    Hertfordshire
    Hertfordshire
    Hertfordshire is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in the East region of England. The county town is Hertford.The county is one of the Home Counties and lies inland, bordered by Greater London , Buckinghamshire , Bedfordshire , Cambridgeshire and...



    Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:
    • Anstey Castle
      Anstey Castle
      Anstey Castle was in the village of Anstey, Hertfordshire .It was a 12th century stone motte and bailey fortress, founded by Eustace, Count of Boulogne. It was strengthened during the Magna Carta war of 1215–16 by an opponent of King John. Only the mound motte now remains.-Notes:...

    • Benington Castle
      Benington Castle
      Benington Castle is a ruined castle in the village of Benington, near Stevenage in Hertfordshire at .It was built as a motte and bailey fortress in the late 11th or early 12th century, founded by Peter de Valoignes. In 1136, Roger de Valoignes built a stone castle with a keep. In 1177, King Henry...

  • Bishop's Stortford Castle
    Bishop's Stortford Castle
    Bishop's Stortford Castle, which is sometimes also known as Waytemore Castle, was in the town of Bishop's Stortford in Hertfordshire .This began as a motte and bailey castle in the time of William the Conqueror. A rectangular great tower was added on the motte in the 12th century...

  • Pirton Castle
    Pirton, Hertfordshire
    Pirton is a small village and civil parish three miles north-east of Hitchin in Hertfordshire, England. The church, rebuilt in 1877, but with the remains of its 12th-century tower, is built within the bailey of a former castle...

  • Therfield Castle
    Therfield
    Therfield is both a small village of approximately 4,761 acres and a civil parish which sits upon the chalk range, three miles southwest of Royston, and six miles northeast of Baldock) and within the English county of Hertfordshire.-Ancient history:The name Therfield is a variation of Tharfield...

  • Walkern Castle
    Walkern
    Walkern is a village and civil parish in East Hertfordshire. It is located on the River Beane about two miles from Stevenage, and is noted as the home of Jane Wenham, who was in 1712 the last woman in England to be convicted of witchcraft...

  • Wymondley Castle
    Wymondley
    Wymondley is a civil parish in Hertfordshire, England.Wymondley forms part of the district of North Hertfordshire, formerly it was in the now-defunct Hitchin Rural District. Its principal settlements are Little Wymondley and the smaller Great Wymondley, it also includes Todd's Green and Titmore...


  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Berkhamsted Castle
    Berkhamsted Castle
    Berkhamsted Castle is a ruined Norman motte-and-bailey castle at Berkhamsted in Hertfordshire, England.The original fortification dates from Saxon times. Work on the Norman structure was started in 1066 by William the Conqueror who later passed the castle to his half-brother, Robert, Count of...

    Motte and bailey Fragmentary remains Unoccupied since 1495.
    Hertford Castle
    Hertford Castle
    Hertford Castle was a Norman castle situated by the River Lea in Hertford, the county town of Hertfordshire, England.-Early history:Hertford Castle was built on a site first fortified by Edward the Elder around 911. By the time of the Norman Invasion in 1066, a motte and bailey were on the site...

    Motte and bailey Fragments Local authority 15th century gatehouse survives, altered and extended 18–20th centuries.

    Isle of Wight
    Isle of Wight
    The Isle of Wight is a county and the largest island of England, located in the English Channel, on average about 2–4 miles off the south coast of the county of Hampshire, separated from the mainland by a strait called the Solent...



    Castles of which little or nothing remains include:
    • East Cowes Castle

    Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Carisbrooke Castle
    Carisbrooke Castle
    Carisbrooke Castle is a historic motte-and-bailey castle located in the village of Carisbrooke, near Newport, Isle of Wight, England. Charles I was imprisoned at the castle in the months prior to his trial.-Early history:...

    Keep and bailey Substantially intact Refortified in 1590s as artillery fortress, former seat of the Governor of the Isle of Wight
    Isle of Wight
    The Isle of Wight is a county and the largest island of England, located in the English Channel, on average about 2–4 miles off the south coast of the county of Hampshire, separated from the mainland by a strait called the Solent...

    .
    Norris Castle
    Norris Castle
    Norris Castle is located on the Isle of Wight and can be seen from the Solent standing on the northeast point of East Cowes. The castle was designed by James Wyatt for Lord Henry Seymour. It has a galleted facade with crenellations, but all of this is for show as the castle has no defensive...

    Neo-romantic castle Intact Private Gothic Revival, by James Wyatt
    James Wyatt
    James Wyatt RA , was an English architect, a rival of Robert Adam in the neoclassical style, who far outdid Adam in his work in the neo-Gothic style.-Early classical career:...

    .
    Yarmouth Castle
    Yarmouth Castle
    Yarmouth Castle is a small off-square blockhouse built by Henry VIII in 1547, to guard Yarmouth harbour on the Isle of Wight. It was built as part of Henry's second device programme to fortify the English coast with a chain of coastal defences known as Device Forts or Henrician Castles. These were...

    Artillery fort Substantially intact Altered 17th century.
    West Cowes Castle Artillery fort Rebuilt Royal Yacht Squadron
    Royal Yacht Squadron
    The Royal Yacht Squadron is the most prestigious yacht club in the United Kingdom and arguably the world. Its clubhouse is located in Cowes Castle on the Isle of Wight in the United Kingdom...

    Fragments of 16th century structure incorporated in later building.

    Isles of Scilly
    Isles of Scilly
    The Isles of Scilly form an archipelago off the southwestern tip of the Cornish peninsula of Great Britain. The islands have had a unitary authority council since 1890, and are separate from the Cornwall unitary authority, but some services are combined with Cornwall and the islands are still part...


    Castles of which only vestiges remain include:
    • Ennor Castle
      Old Town, Isles of Scilly
      Old Town is a village on St Mary's in the Isles of Scilly located south of Hugh Town. It is thought to be the oldest settlement on the island. There is a church, an Inn 'The Old Town Inn', two cafes, a village store and a day nursery. It is a popular tourist area and is only a short distance from...

  • Harry's Walls
  • King Charles's Castle
    King Charles's Castle
    King Charles's Castle is a coastal artillery fort near the northern extremity of the island of Tresco in the Isles of Scilly. It is now in ruins and the site is administered by English Heritage. It was a semi-hexagonal structure to provide a wide field of fire and two-storeyed to give at least two...

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Cromwell's Castle
    Cromwell's Castle
    Cromwell's Castle is on the island of Tresco in the Isles of Scilly .It is a coastal Gun Tower built by Oliver Cromwell in 1651-1652 as a replacement for King Charles's Castle. The guns were mounted on the roof above the garrison's living quarters and magazines. The tower was originally entered at...

    Artillery tower Substantially intact
    Star Castle
    Star Castle, Isles of Scilly
    Star Castle is a fortress on St Mary's, Isles of Scilly, built in 1593 by Francis Godolphin.It is in the shape of an eight-pointed star and features on the flag of the Council of the Isles of Scilly.It is now used as a hotel.- External links :*...

    Artillery fort Intact Hotel Important and complete example of Elizabethan
    Elizabethan era
    The Elizabethan era was the epoch in English history of Queen Elizabeth I's reign . Historians often depict it as the golden age in English history...

     fort.

    Kent
    Kent
    Kent is a county in southeast England, and is one of the home counties. It borders East Sussex, Surrey and Greater London and has a defined boundary with Essex in the middle of the Thames Estuary. The ceremonial county boundaries of Kent include the shire county of Kent and the unitary borough of...


    Castles of which little or nothing remains include:
    • Binbury Castle
      Thurnham, Kent
      Thurnham is a village and civil parish which lies at the foot of the North Downs north east of Maidstone in the Borough of Maidstone and ceremonial county of Kent in England. It has a population of 1,085....

    • Brenchley Castle
      Brenchley
      Brenchley is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England.-History:The name is historically derived from Branca's Leigh. The parish is located east of Tunbridge Wells, and south of Paddock Wood, and includes the neighbouring village of Matfield...

  • Castle Toll (Newenden)
  • Folkestone Castle
    Folkestone Castle
    Folkestone Castle stood on a spur of the North Downs to the north of the town of Folkestone, Kent .This was Norman castle on a natural mound which was in existence in the late 11th and 12th centuries...

  • Queenborough Castle
    Queenborough
    Queenborough is a small town on the Isle of Sheppey in the Swale borough of Kent in South East England.Queenborough is two miles south of Sheerness. It grew as a port near the Thames Estuary at the westward entrance to The Swale where it joins the River Medway...

  • Sandown Castle
    Sandown Castle, Kent
    Sandown Castle was one of Henry VIII's Device Forts or Henrician Castles built at Sandown, North Deal, Kent as part of Henry VIII's chain of coastal fortifications to defend England against the threat of foreign invasion. It made up a line of defences with Walmer Castle and Deal Castle to protect...

  • Sandwich Castle
    Sandwich, Kent
    Sandwich is a historic town and civil parish on the River Stour in the Non-metropolitan district of Dover, within the ceremonial county of Kent, south-east England. It has a population of 6,800....

  • Stowting Castle
    Stowting
    Stowting lies between Canterbury, Folkestone, Ashford and Hythe. In 1947, a Douglas C-47A crashed on the hillside above the village, killing eight of the 16 people on board.There is a Church of England Primary school.-External links:*...

  • Thurnham Castle
    Thurnham Castle
    Thurnham Castle or Godard's Castle is situated to the north of the village of Thurnham which is 3 miles north-east of Maidstone, Kent .It is a 12th century flint-built castle constructed by Robert de Thurnham in the reign of Henry II on a hill on the edge of the North Downs...


  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Allington Castle
    Allington Castle
    Allington Castle is a stone-built moated castle in Allington, just north of Maidstone, Kent in England.-History:Allington Castle is a Grade I listed building. Much of the stonework was laid in an intricate herringbone pattern which is still visible today...

    Fortified house Restored Wedding venue Restored 1905–1929.
    Canterbury Castle
    Canterbury Castle
    Canterbury Castle is a Norman Castle in Canterbury, Kent, England . It is five minutes walk from Canterbury East Station and main bus station around City Wall....

    Tower keep Ruins
    Local Authority
    Demolished 1792.
    Chiddingstone Castle
    Chiddingstone Castle
    Chiddingstone Castle is situated in the village of Chiddingstone, Kent, England, in the upper valley of the River Medway.The castle reopened in 2008 after a period of restoration and now has over 10,000 visitors a year. The castle has collections of ancient artifacts which are on display in the...

    Neo-romantic castle Intact 17th century building converted to castle in 19th century.
    Chilham Castle
    Chilham Castle
    Chilham Castle is a manor house and keep in the village of Chilham, between Ashford and Canterbury in the county of Kent, England. The polygonal Norman keep of the Castle, the oldest building in the village, dates from 1174; still inhabited, it was said to have been built for King Henry II...

    Keep and bailey Intact NGS Keep survives with Jacobean
    Jacobean architecture
    The Jacobean style is the second phase of Renaissance architecture in England, following the Elizabethan style. It is named after King James I of England, with whose reign it is associated.-Characteristics:...

     house.
    Cooling Castle
    Cooling Castle
    Cooling Castle was built in the 1380s by John Cobham on the edge of marshes at Cooling, six miles north of Rochester, Kent. It is now about two miles inland. It was besieged by Thomas Wyatt the younger during Wyatt's rebellion in 1554; Lord Cobham surrendered after a brief resistance...

    Keep and bailey Part ruined Wedding venue Well-preserved gatehouse survives, barns used for events.
    Deal Castle
    Deal Castle
    Deal Castle is located in Deal, Kent, England, between Walmer Castle and the now lost Sandown Castle .-Construction:It is one of the most impressive of the Device Forts or Henrician Castles built by Henry VIII between 1539 and 1540 as an artillery fortress to counter the threat of invasion from...

    Artillery fort Intact Formerly residence of Captain of the Cinque Ports
    Cinque Ports
    The Confederation of Cinque Ports is a historic series of coastal towns in Kent and Sussex. It was originally formed for military and trade purposes, but is now entirely ceremonial. It lies at the eastern end of the English Channel, where the crossing to the continent is narrowest...

    .
    Dover Castle
    Dover Castle
    Dover Castle is a medieval castle in the town of the same name in the English county of Kent. It was founded in the 12th century and has been described as the "Key to England" due to its defensive significance throughout history...

    Concentric castle Intact Adapted for modern warfare 18–19th centuries.
    Eynsford Castle
    Eynsford Castle
    Eynsford Castle is one of the most complete Norman castles in England, located close to the village of Eynsford. Built in 1088, ransacked in the 14th century it fell into decay and is now in the care of English Heritage and open to the public...

    Castle Fragmentary ruins
    Hever Castle
    Hever Castle
    Hever Castle is located in the village of Hever near Edenbridge, Kent, south-east of London, England. It began as a country house, built in the 13th century...

    Fortified manor house Restored Restored early 19th century, working portcullis
    Portcullis
    A portcullis is a latticed grille made of wood, metal, fibreglass or a combination of the three. Portcullises fortified the entrances to many medieval castles, acting as a last line of defence during time of attack or siege...

    .
    Kingsgate Castle
    Kingsgate Castle
    Kingsgate Castle on the cliffs above Kingsgate Bay, Broadstairs, Kent was built for Lord Holland in the 1760s. The name Kingsgate is related to an incidental landing of Charles II on 30 June 1683 though other English monarchs have also used this cove, such as George II in 1748...

    Neo-romantic castle Intact Private apartments Built c.1760, rebuilt late 19th century.
    Leeds Castle
    Leeds Castle
    Leeds Castle, southeast of Maidstone, Kent, England, dates back to 1119, though a Saxon fort stood on the same site from the 9th century. The castle is built on islands in a lake formed by the River Len to the east of the village of Leeds....

    Castle Restored Extensively rebuilt in 1822 and 1926.
    Leybourne Castle
    Leybourne Castle
    Leybourne Castle is a 13th century castle in the parish of Leybourne, Kent. It is situated between West Malling and Larkfield. The two semi circular bastions of the twin towered gatehouse built in 1275 remain and are incorporated into a Tudor farmhouse the was extensively rebuilt around 1930. Some...

    Castle Fragmentary ruins Private 16th century house partly incorporating ruins, rebuilt 1931.
    Lullingstone Castle
    Lullingstone Castle
    Lullingstone Castle is a historic manor house, set in an estate in the village of Lullingstone and the civil parish of Eynsford in the English county of Kent. It has been inhabited by members of the Hart Dyke family for twenty generations.-History:...

    Semi-fortified house Fragment 16th century gatehouse incorporated into later house.
    Lympne Castle
    Lympne Castle
    Lympne Castle is a mediaeval castle near the village of Lympne, Kent, above Romney Marsh.Today, it is used primarily as a venue for corporate events and weddings. It is generally not open to the public. The Estate Manager is Rod Aspinall....

    Fortified house Restored Wedding venue Restored and extended 1907–12.
    Penshurst Place
    Penshurst Place
    Penshurst Place is a historic building near Tonbridge, Kent, south east of London, England. It is the ancestral home of the Sidney family, and was the birthplace of the great Elizabethan poet, courtier and soldier, Sir Philip Sidney. The original medieval house is one of the most complete examples...

    Fortified manor house Fragment Remodelled 19th century, single tower and stretch of wall survive from fortifications of c.1400.
    Rochester Castle
    Rochester Castle
    Rochester Castle stands on the east bank of the River Medway in Rochester, Kent, England. The 12th-century keep or stone tower, which is the castle's most prominent feature, is one of the best preserved in England or France. Located along the River Medway and Watling Street, Rochester was a...

    Tower keep Ruins Keep 125 ft (38.1 m) high to top of turrets.
    St Leonard's Tower, West Malling
    St Leonard's Tower, West Malling
    St Leonard's Tower is a Norman keep in West Malling, in the county of Kent, England. The tower was built by Bishop Gundulf around 1080.Situated beside Manor Park Country Park, along St.Leonard's Road.-History:...

    Tower keep Ruins
    Saltwood Castle
    Saltwood Castle
    Saltwood Castle is a castle in Saltwood village—which derives its name from the castle—1 mile north of Hythe, Kent, England.The castle is known as the site where the plot was hatched to assassinate Thomas Becket...

    Castle Part restored Private
    Sandgate Castle
    Sandgate Castle
    Sandgate Castle is a coastal castle at Sandgate near Folkestone in Kent. It was originally built as an artillery castle in 1539-1540 by Henry VIII of England as part of his chain of coastal defences in response to the threat of invasion. As these forts were devised by Henry VIII, they are known as...

    Artillery fort Substantially intact Private Altered 1805–6.
    Scotney Castle
    Scotney Castle
    Scotney Castle is an English country house with formal gardens south-east of Lamberhurst in the valley of the River Bewl in Kent, England. It belongs to the National Trust....

    Fortified manor house Fragment Single surviving tower incorporated in later house.
    Sissinghurst Castle Fortified manor house Rebuilt No fortifications remaining.
    Starkey Castle
    Wouldham
    Wouldham is a small village on the bank of the River Medway in Kent, Great Britain. As of 2006 its population is approximately 1000 people, with the 11th century church, one school, one village shop, and three public houses....

    Manor house Fragment Private Fine medieval hall-house remains from possibly fortified manor house.
    Stone Castle
    Stone Castle
    Stone Castle is a castle at Stone, near Bluewater in Kent, England. It was built between 1135 and 1140 on the site where William the Conqueror signed a treaty with the men of Kent in 1067.-History:...

    Tower Intact Wedding venue Medieval tower incorporated in building of 1825.
    Sutton Valence Castle
    Sutton Valence
    Sutton Valence is a village some five miles SE of Maidstone, Kent, England on the Greensand Ridge overlooking the Vale of Kent and Weald. One of the main landmarks in the village is , of which only the ruins of the 12th century keep remain, under the ownership of English Heritage, open any...

    Keep and bailey Fragmentary remains
    Tonbridge Castle
    Tonbridge Castle
    Tonbridge Castle is situated in the town of the same name, Kent, England.-Early history:Following the Norman Conquest, Richard Fitz Gilbert was granted land in Kent to guard the crossing of the River Medway. He erected a simple Motte-and-bailey castle on the site. To dig the moat and erect the...

    Keep and bailey Fragment
    Local authority
    Gatehouse survives.
    Upnor Castle
    Upnor Castle
    Upnor Castle is an Elizabethan artillery fort located in the village of Upnor, Kent, England. Its purpose was to defend ships moored "in ordinary" on the River Medway outside Chatham dockyards....

    Artillery fort Substantially intact
    Walmer Castle
    Walmer Castle
    Walmer Castle was built by Henry VIII in 1539–1540 as an artillery fortress to counter the threat of invasion from Catholic France and Spain. It was part of his programme to create a chain of coastal defences along England's coast known as the Device Forts or as Henrician Castles...

    Artillery fort Intact Residence of the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
    Cinque Ports
    The Confederation of Cinque Ports is a historic series of coastal towns in Kent and Sussex. It was originally formed for military and trade purposes, but is now entirely ceremonial. It lies at the eastern end of the English Channel, where the crossing to the continent is narrowest...

     from 18th century.
    Westenhanger Castle
    Westenhanger Castle
    Westenhanger Castle is a fortified manor house once owned by royalty, located next to Westenhanger railway station and the grandstand of Folkestone Racecourse in Kent. The castle has endured a period of steady decline to near ruination in recent years, but the current owners have engaged a...

    Fortified manor house Fragment Wedding venue 18th century farmouse built within ruins.

    Lancashire
    Lancashire
    Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England. It takes its name from the city of Lancaster, and is sometimes known as the County of Lancaster. Although Lancaster is still considered to be the county town, Lancashire County Council is based in Preston...


    Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:
    • Arkholme Motte
      Arkholme-with-Cawood
      Arkholme-with-Cawood is a civil parish of the City of Lancaster in Lancashire, England. The parish of Arkholme-with-Cawood had a population of 334 recorded in the 2001 census, The parish is north east of Lancaster and lies on the B6254 road.-History:...

    • Castle Stede
  • Greenhalgh Castle
    Greenhalgh Castle
    Greenhalgh Castle is a castle, now ruined, near the town of Garstang in Lancashire, England, .Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby had the castle built in 1490 to provide defence for his estates around Garstang...

  • Halton Castle
  • Hapton Castle
    Hapton, Lancashire
    Hapton is a village and civil parish in the borough of Burnley, in the English county of Lancashire. The village is west of Burnley town centre, and has a railway station on the East Lancashire Line. It has a population of 3,769...

  • Melling Motte
    Arkholme-with-Cawood
    Arkholme-with-Cawood is a civil parish of the City of Lancaster in Lancashire, England. The parish of Arkholme-with-Cawood had a population of 334 recorded in the 2001 census, The parish is north east of Lancaster and lies on the B6254 road.-History:...

  • Penwortham Castle
    Penwortham Castle
    Penwortham Castle was built on the south bank of the River Ribble, at Penwortham to the west of Preston, Lancashire, England, at . The site is a Scheduled Ancient Monument....

  • Whittington Motte
    Arkholme-with-Cawood
    Arkholme-with-Cawood is a civil parish of the City of Lancaster in Lancashire, England. The parish of Arkholme-with-Cawood had a population of 334 recorded in the 2001 census, The parish is north east of Lancaster and lies on the B6254 road.-History:...

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Ashton Hall
    Ashton Hall
    Ashton Hall is a 14th-century mansion in the civil parish of Thurnham, Lancashire, England. It is south of the city of Lancaster and is on the east bank of the River Lune. It has been designated a Grade I listed building by English Heritage and is now owned by Lancashire Golf...

    Tower house Intact Lancaster Golf Club Near Stodday
    Stodday
    Stodday is a hamlet in the Lancaster District, in the English county of Lancashire just south of the city of Lancaster. It is near the A588 road and the River Lune....

    , 14th century tower incorporated in later building.
    Borwick Hall
    Borwick Hall
    Borwick Hall is a 16th century manor house at Borwick, Lancashire. It is a Grade I listed building and is now used as a residential outdoor education and conference centre by Lancashire County Council.-History:...

    Pele tower Intact Outdoor education centre Incorporated in mainly 16th century building.
    Clitheroe Castle
    Clitheroe Castle
    Clitheroe Castle in Clitheroe, Lancashire, England is a motte and bailey castle built in a natural carboniferous limestone outcrop, .It has been suggested that Clitheroe Castle may have been first built before 1086 as there is reference to the "castellatu Rogerii pictaviensis" in the Domesday Book....

    Keep and bailey Ruins
    Hornby Castle
    Hornby Castle, Lancashire
    Hornby Castle is a country house, developed from a medieval castle, standing to the east of the village of Hornby in the Lune Valley, Lancashire, England. It occupies a position overlooking the village in a curve of the River Wenning...

    Keep Fragment Private Keep rebuilt early 16th century, incorporated in 18–19th century house.
    Lancaster Castle
    Lancaster Castle
    Lancaster Castle is a medieval castle located in Lancaster in the English county of Lancashire. Its early history is unclear, but may have been founded in the 11th century on the site of a Roman fort overlooking a crossing of the River Lune. In 1164, the Honour of Lancaster, including the...

    Keep and bailey Intact
    Local authority
    Prison from 1745, 20th century Shire Hall replaced medieval buildings, now Crown Court
    Crown Court
    The Crown Court of England and Wales is, together with the High Court of Justice and the Court of Appeal, one of the constituent parts of the Senior Courts of England and Wales...

    .
    Thurland Castle
    Tunstall, Lancashire
    Tunstall is a village in north Lancashire, England . It is northeast of Lancaster on the A683 road between Lancaster and Kirkby Lonsdale. In the 2001 census the civil parish of Tunstall had a population of 105....

    Castle Rebuilt Private apartments Near Tunstall
    Tunstall, Lancashire
    Tunstall is a village in north Lancashire, England . It is northeast of Lancaster on the A683 road between Lancaster and Kirkby Lonsdale. In the 2001 census the civil parish of Tunstall had a population of 105....

    , ruins rebuilt in 19th century.
    Turton Tower
    Turton Tower
    Turton Tower is a manor house in Chapeltown in North Turton, Borough of Blackburn with Darwen, Lancashire, England. It is a scheduled ancient monument and Grade I Listed building....

    Pele tower Intact Incorporated in later building.

    Leicestershire
    Leicestershire
    Leicestershire is a landlocked county in the English Midlands. It takes its name from the heavily populated City of Leicester, traditionally its administrative centre, although the City of Leicester unitary authority is today administered separately from the rest of Leicestershire...


    Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:
    • Donington Castle
      Donington Castle
      Donington Castle was in the village of Castle Donington in Leicestershire to the north of East Midlands Airport .This early 12th century castle was held by the de Lacy family. It was attacked around the time of the Magna Carta. In 1311 it passed to Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, the cousin of Edward...

    • Earl Shilton Castle
    • Gilmorton Castle
      Gilmorton
      Gilmorton, a village in South Leicestershire, England with a population of over 900, is near to Ashby Magna & Lutterworth. The town's Anglo-Saxon origin is shown by its appearance in the Domesday book compiled in 1086. with a population of about 140...

  • Groby Castle
    Groby Castle
    Groby Castle was situated in the large village of Groby to the north-west of the city of Leicester.-History:After the Norman Conquest, the area came into the possession of Hugh de Grantmesnil. Groby was one of 67 manors Grantmesnil held in Leicestershire according to the Domesday Book...

  • Hallaton Castle
    Hallaton Castle
    Hallaton Castle was situated to the west of the village of Hallaton, which lies some 20 km to the south-east of the city of Leicester .This was an interesting motte and bailey castle with an additional rectangular enclosure now surviving as an earthwork, high, and in circumference, on which stood...

  • Hinckley Castle
    Hinckley
    Hinckley is a town in southwest Leicestershire, England. It has a population of 43,246 . It is administered by Hinckley and Bosworth Borough Council...

  • Mountsorrel Castle
  • Sapcote Castle
    Sapcote
    Sapcote is a small village in the south west of Leicestershire, England, with a population of approximately 2,700. The well-known inland scuba diving site Stoney Cove is nearby.It was mentioned in the Domesday Book as Scepecote...

  • Sauvey Castle
    Sauvey Castle
    Sauvey Castle is an early medieval ringwork and bailey castle and is a Scheduled Ancient Monument in the civil parish or Withcote, Leicestershire . The castle was built sometime between 1135–1154....

  • Shackerstone Castle
    Shackerstone
    Shackerstone is a village and civil parish in the Hinckley and Bosworth district of Leicestershire, England. It is situated on the Ashby-de-la-Zouch Canal and the River Sence. According to the 2001 census the parish, which also includes the village of Barton in the Beans, had a population of...

  • Shawell Castle
    Shawell
    Shawell is a small village in the Harborough district of Leicestershire, England. Its population at the 2001 UK census was 126.It lies less than a mile from the M1 and M6 motorways...

  • Whitwick Castle
  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Ashby de la Zouch Castle
    Ashby de la Zouch Castle
    Ashby de la Zouch Castle is in the town of Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire, England . The ruins have been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building, and they are a Scheduled Ancient Monument...

    Keep Fragmentary ruins Fortified manor converted to castle in 1474, slighted during English Civil War
    English Civil War
    The English Civil War was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists...

    .
    Belvoir Castle
    Belvoir Castle
    Belvoir Castle is a stately home in the English county of Leicestershire, overlooking the Vale of Belvoir . It is a Grade I listed building....

    Neo-romantic castle Intact
    Duke of Rutland
    Duke of Rutland
    Earl of Rutland and Duke of Rutland are titles in the peerage of England, derived from Rutland, a county in the East Midlands of England. The Earl of Rutland was elevated to the status of Duke in 1703 and the titles were merged....

    Rebuilt 1655–68 incorporating fragments of medieval castle, remodelled 1801–30.
    Kirby Muxloe Castle
    Kirby Muxloe Castle
    Kirby Muxloe Castle, known also as Kirby Castle is an unfinished 15th century fortified manor house in Kirby Muxloe, Leicestershire, England .It was begun in 1480 by William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings, during the period of the Wars of the Roses...

    Quadrangular castle Fragmentary ruins Unfinished.
    Leicester Castle
    Leicester Castle
    Leicester Castle is located in the city of the same name in the English county of Leicestershire. The complex is situated in the west of the city centre, between Saint Nicholas Circle to the north and De Montfort University to the south....

    Castle Fragments
    Local authority
    Great hall survives, much altered.

    Lincolnshire
    Lincolnshire
    Lincolnshire is a county in the east of England. It borders Norfolk to the south east, Cambridgeshire to the south, Rutland to the south west, Leicestershire and Nottinghamshire to the west, South Yorkshire to the north west, and the East Riding of Yorkshire to the north. It also borders...


    Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:
    • Barrow upon Humber Castle
      Barrow upon Humber
      Barrow upon Humber is a village and civil parish in North Lincolnshire, England. Many of the buildings in the centre of the village are of 18th and 19th century origin. There are several buildings of note including Down Hall, Barrow Hall, Forester's Hall and West Cote Farm. There are two public...

    • Bourne Castle
      Bourne Castle
      Bourne Castle was in the market town of Bourne in southern Lincolnshire .A Norman castle was built by Baldwin FitzGilbert. In medieval times there was motte and double bailey castle which formed an unusual concentric plan. The castle was destroyed after being used by Cromwell's troops in 1645 and...

    • Bytham Castle
      Bytham Castle
      Bytham Castle was a castle in the village of Castle Bytham in Lincolnshire The castle is thought to be of early Norman origin, but little is known of its history...

    • Carlton Castle
      Carlton Castle
      Carlton Castle was in the county of Lincolnshire, some 7 miles south-east of Louth, between the villages of North and South Reston .It was founded in the 12th century by Hugh Bardolf. Only the motte and some ditching remain and even they are now overgrown....

  • Folkingham Castle
    Folkingham
    Folkingham is a village and civil parish at the northern edge of the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. It lies on the A15 road of north of Bourne. The civil parish and ecclesiastical parish have the same boundaries. The 2001 census recorded a population of 729.-Village:The village...

  • Gainsborough Castle
    Gainsborough, Lincolnshire
    Gainsborough is a town 15 miles north-west of Lincoln on the River Trent within the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. At one time it served as an important port with trade downstream to Hull, and was the most inland in England, being more than 55 miles from the North...

  • Goltho Castle
    Goltho
    Goltho is a village of Anglo-Saxon roots situated in Lincolnshire, England. It lies south of the A158 and west of Wragby.-History:There was a Romano-British settlement at Goltho in the 1st and 2nd centuries....

  • Hough-on-the-Hill Castle
    Hough-on-the-Hill
    Hough-on-the-Hill lies approximately seven miles due north of Grantham in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. The village is on a commanding rise, hence the name. The name Hough is Old English haga, or 'enclosure'....

  • Heydour Castle
    Heydour
    Heydour is a hamlet and civil parish in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. It is south-west from Sleaford and north-east from Grantham...

  • Kingerby Castle
    Kingerby Castle
    Kingerby Castle was in the small settlement of Kingerby some five miles north-west of Market Rasen, Lincolnshire .It was a motte and bailey castle which was burnt down in 1216. The motte was then altered to form a platform for a manor house which was built on the site...

  • Owston Ferry (Kinaird) Castle
    Owston Ferry Castle
    Owston Ferry Castle was in the village of Owston Ferry, some to the north of Gainsborough, Lincolnshire....

  • Sleaford Castle
    Sleaford Castle
    Sleaford Castle is a medieval castle in Sleaford, Lincolnshire, England. Built by the Bishop of Lincoln in the early 1120s it was inhabitable as late as 1555 but fell into disrepair during the latter half of the 16th-century...

  • Stamford Castle
  • Tothill Castle
  • Welbourn Castle
  • Withern Castle
    Withern
    Withern is a village and civil parish in Lincolnshire, England, about six miles south east of Louth. Stain was once an independent parish but was combined with Withern when the old church of St. John the Baptist was destroyed some centuries ago.The name Withern is from the Old English Widu+wudu,...


  • Goltho Castle
    Goltho
    Goltho is a village of Anglo-Saxon roots situated in Lincolnshire, England. It lies south of the A158 and west of Wragby.-History:There was a Romano-British settlement at Goltho in the 1st and 2nd centuries....

     was built on the site of a Saxon
    Anglo-Saxons
    Anglo-Saxon is a term used by historians to designate the Germanic tribes who invaded and settled the south and east of Great Britain beginning in the early 5th century AD, and the period from their creation of the English nation to the Norman conquest. The Anglo-Saxon Era denotes the period of...

     fortified dwelling of c.850, established by excavation.
    Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Bolingbroke Castle
    Bolingbroke Castle
    Bolingbroke Castle is a ruined castle in Bolingbroke Lincolnshire, England.-Construction:Most of the castle is built of Spilsby greenstone, as are several nearby churches. The local greenstone is a limestone that proved to be porous, prone to rapid deterioration when exposed to weather and a...

    Enclosure castle Fragmentary ruins Slighted after brief siege in 1643.
    Grimsthorpe Castle
    Grimsthorpe Castle
    Grimsthorpe Castle is a country house in Lincolnshire, England four miles north-west of Bourne on the A151. It lies within a 3,000 acre park of rolling pastures, lakes, and woodland landscaped by Capability Brown...

    Castle Fragment Remodelled in 18th and 19th centuries, retains 13th century south-east tower.
    Hussey Tower Tower house Ruins
    Kyme Tower
    South Kyme
    South Kyme is a small village and civil parish in Lincolnshire, England; it is located south east of North Kyme which is itself from Billinghay....

    Castle Fragment Private
    Lincoln Castle
    Lincoln Castle
    Lincoln Castle is a major castle constructed in Lincoln, England during the late 11th century by William the Conqueror on the site of a pre-existing Roman fortress. The castle is unusual in that it has two mottes. It is only one of two such castles in the country, the other being at Lewes in Sussex...

    Keep and bailey Substantially intact
    Local Authority
    Double motte and bailey.
    Rochford Tower Fortified house Fragment Private 2 miles east of Boston
    Boston, Lincolnshire
    Boston is a town and small port in Lincolnshire, on the east coast of England. It is the largest town of the wider Borough of Boston local government district and had a total population of 55,750 at the 2001 census...

    .
    Somerton Castle
    Somerton Castle
    Somerton Castle is located approximately one mile west of the hamlet of Boothby Graffoe in Lincolnshire, England.Inherited from his mother, the castle was rebuilt in the latter part of the 13th century by Antony Bek, then Bishop of Durham, who was granted a licence to crenellate in 1281...

    Quadrangular castle Fragment Private Single tower survives, adjoining 17th century building.
    Tattershall Castle
    Tattershall Castle (Lincolnshire)
    Tattershall Castle is a castle in Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England, north east of Sleaford, and in the care of the National Trust.-History:...

    Tower Intact Brick tower built for Ralph Cromwell, restored 1911-25 by Lord Curzon.
    Torksey Castle
    Torksey Castle
    Torksey Castle is a manor house located in the centre of the village of Torksey on the east bank of the River Trent in Lincolnshire, England. It is 12 miles northwest of Lincoln on the A156 road. Seven miles to the north is Gainsborough Old Hall and 10 miles southeast is Lincoln Castle. It is a...

    Semi-fortified house Fragmentary ruins Private Slighted during English Civil War
    English Civil War
    The English Civil War was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists...

    .

    Merseyside
    Merseyside
    Merseyside is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 1,365,900. It encompasses the metropolitan area centred on both banks of the lower reaches of the Mersey Estuary, and comprises five metropolitan boroughs: Knowsley, St Helens, Sefton, Wirral, and the city of Liverpool...


    Castles of which no traces remain include:
    • Liverpool Castle
      Liverpool Castle
      Liverpool Castle was a castle which was situated in Liverpool, England . It stood from the early 13th century to the early 18th century.-Construction:...

  • West Derby Castle
    West Derby
    West Derby is a suburb in the north of Liverpool, Merseyside, England. It is also a Liverpool City Council ward. At the 2001 Census, the population of the ward was 14,801 .-History:...

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Brimstage Hall
    Brimstage
    Brimstage is a village located in the centremost part of the Wirral Peninsula, England, east of Heswall and west of Bebington. The village is located in the Clatterbridge Ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral and in the parliamentary constituency of Wirral South.At the time of the 2001 Census,...

    Tower house Substantially intact Crafts centre Tower incorporated in later building of 16th and 19th centuries.
    Leasowe Castle Sham castle Intact Hotel Built 1593, extended 1600–42 and 19th century.

    Norfolk
    Norfolk
    Norfolk is a low-lying county in the East of England. It has borders with Lincolnshire to the west, Cambridgeshire to the west and southwest and Suffolk to the south. Its northern and eastern boundaries are the North Sea coast and to the north-west the county is bordered by The Wash. The county...


    Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:
    • Buckenham Castle
      Buckenham Castle
      At Buckenham, Norfolk there are the remains of two castles: .-Old castle:All that remains today of what was a Norman castle are the remnants of the earthworks and some traces of a stone curtain wall...

    • Denton Castle
      Denton Castle
      Denton Castle is a motte and bailey castle built in the village of Denton, Norfolk, England.-History:Denton Castle was built after 1088, following the Norman invasion of England, probably by William d'Albini, who linked his estate at Denton to that at Buckenham, where he also built a castle...

    • Dilham Castle
      Dilham Castle
      Dilham Castle, also called Dilham Hall, is situated in the village of Dilham, near Stalham in Norfolk, England.-Details:Dilham Castle was built in the 15th century by Sir Henry Inglose, probably around the same time as nearby Caister Castle. Inglose had served in France under Henry V and was a...

  • Gresham Castle
    Gresham Castle
    Gresham Castle is located south of the village of Gresham in the north of the English county of Norfolk. The medieval castle was actually a fortified manor house.Permission by license to crenellate his manor house was gained by Sir Edmund Bacon in 1318...

  • Horsford Castle
    Horsford Castle
    Horsford Castle is situated in the village of Horsford, 6 miles to the north of the city of Norwich.-Details:Before the Norman conquest of England, Horsford was held by an Anglo-Saxon named Edric but after the conquest William the Conqueror granted the land to Robert Malet, the Lord of Eye...

  • Hunworth Castle
  • Middleton Mount
    Middleton Mount
    Middleton Mount, also called Middleton Motte and Middleton Castle, is the remains of a medieval castle situated in the village of Middleton, in Norfolk, England, at .-Details:...

  • Mileham Castle
    Mileham
    Mileham is a village approximately mid way between East Dereham and Fakenham in Mid Norfolk. The village sits astride of the B1145 Kings Lynn to Mundesley road that dissects Mid Norfolk west to east.It is the old coaching road from Kings Lynn to Norwich and then onto Great Yarmouth.The name Mileham...

  • North Elmham Castle
    North Elmham Castle
    North Elmham Castle, also known as North Elmham Bishops Castle and North Elmham Bishops Chapel, is a ruined castle in the village of North Elmham, in the county of Norfolk.-History:...

  • Thetford Castle
    Thetford Castle
    Thetford Castle, also known as Castle Hill and Castle Mound, usually refers to a medieval motte and bailey castle in the market town of Thetford in the Breckland area of Norfolk, England, although it can also refer to Red Castle, built in the same town...

  • Wormegay Castle
    Wormegay Castle
    Wormegay Castle is a motte and bailey earthwork, located next to the village of Wormegay in the English county of Norfolk.-Details:The castle was probably built by Hermer de Ferrers after the Norman Conquest, and remained in the de Ferrers family until 1166. The motte is 5 metres high and 77 metres...



  • The surviving motte of Thetford Castle
    Thetford Castle
    Thetford Castle, also known as Castle Hill and Castle Mound, usually refers to a medieval motte and bailey castle in the market town of Thetford in the Breckland area of Norfolk, England, although it can also refer to Red Castle, built in the same town...

     is one of the highest in England, about 80 ft (24.4 m) high.
    Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Baconsthorpe Castle
    Baconsthorpe Castle
    Baconsthorpe Castle is a fortified manor house, now a ruin, to the north of the village of Baconsthorpe, Norfolk, England. Norfolk, England. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building, and is a Scheduled Ancient Monument....

    Fortified manor house Fragmentary ruins
    Burgh Castle
    Burgh Castle Roman Site
    Burgh Castle is the site of one of several Roman shore forts constructed around the 3rd Century AD, to hold cavalry as a defence against Saxon raids up the rivers of the east and south coasts of southern Britain; and is located on the summit of ground sloping steeply towards the estuary of the...

    Motte and bailey No visible remains / Norfolk Archaeological Trust Site of medieval motte and bailey castle within surviving walls of Roman fort of Saxon Shore
    Saxon Shore
    Saxon Shore could refer to one of the following:* Saxon Shore, a military command of the Late Roman Empire, encompassing southern Britain and the coasts of northern France...

    .
    Caister Castle
    Caister Castle
    Caister Castle is a 15th-century moated castle situated in the parish of West Caister, some north of the town of Great Yarmouth in the English county of Norfolk ....

    Quadrangular castle Fragmentary ruins Moated, largely brick, built by John Fastolf
    John Fastolf
    Sir John Fastolf KG was an English knight during the Hundred Years War, who has enjoyed a more lasting reputation as in some part being the prototype of Shakespeare's Sir John Falstaff...

    , a relatively intact 90 ft (27.4 m) tower remains.
    Castle Acre Castle
    Castle Acre Castle
    Castle Acre Castle is the remains of a motte-and-bailey castle, with extensive earthworks, at Castle Acre, in the English county of Norfolk . It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument, and a Grade I listed building....

    Motte and bailey Fragmentary remains Extensive earthworks.
    Castle Rising Castle
    Castle Rising (castle)
    Castle Rising Castle is a ruined castle situated in the village of Castle Rising in the English county of Norfolk. It was built in about 1138 by William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, who also owned Arundel Castle. Much of its square keep, surrounded by a defensive mount, is intact...

    Keep Ruins
    Claxton Castle
    Claxton Castle
    Claxton Castle was in the village of Claxton in Norfolk some 13 km south-east of Norwich.-Details:This brick built castle was licensed in 1333. It was largely demolished in the 17th century to build Claxton Hall. Part of its outer wall and one tower remain...

    Castle Fragmentary ruins Private
    Norwich Castle
    Norwich Castle
    Norwich Castle is a medieval royal fortification in the city of Norwich, in the English county of Norfolk. It was founded in the aftermath of the Norman Conquest of England when William the Conqueror ordered its construction because he wished to have a fortified place in the important city of...

    Keep Intact Prison during 18–19th centuries.
    Oxburgh Hall
    Oxburgh Hall
    Oxburgh Hall is a moated country house in Oxborough, Norfolk, England, today in the hands of the National Trust. Built around 1482 by Sir Edmund Bedingfeld, Oxburgh has always been a family home, not a fortress...

    Fortified manor house Intact 18th and 19th century additions.
    Weeting Castle
    Weeting Castle
    Weeting Castle is a 12th-century ruin with a three-story-high tower in Weeting, near Brandon, Norfolk, England. Despite the name, it is not a castle but actually a fortified manor house. It has a large open hall and an attached two-storey chamber block. There's a domed brick ice-house on the...

    Fortified manor house Fragmentary ruins

    Northamptonshire
    Northamptonshire
    Northamptonshire is a landlocked county in the English East Midlands, with a population of 629,676 as at the 2001 census. It has boundaries with the ceremonial counties of Warwickshire to the west, Leicestershire and Rutland to the north, Cambridgeshire to the east, Bedfordshire to the south-east,...


    Castles of which little or no traces remain include:
    • Alderton Castle
      Alderton, Northamptonshire
      Alderton is an English village and civil parish about south of Northampton, and north of Milton Keynes, along a road between the A5 and A508 main roads in the southwest and northeast respectively. The nearest large town is Towcester, about north...

    • Benefield Castle
      Benefield Castle
      Benefield Castle was sited in the village of Lower Benefield, between the towns of Corby and Oundle in Northamptonshire at .Originally the site of a Norman manor house, a stone ringwork fortress was built in the 13th century. It was abandoned by the early 14th century. It now consists of a...

    • Bury Mount (Towcester)
      Bury Mount
      Bury Mount Motte is the remains of an earthwork motte and bailey fortification or ancient castle, and has been designated a Scheduled Ancient Monument...

  • Castle Dykes (Farthingstone)
  • Fotheringhay Castle
    Fotheringhay Castle
    Fotheringhay Castle was in the village of Fotheringhay 3½ miles to the north of the market town of Oundle, Northamptonshire .King Richard III was born here in 1452 and it was also where Mary, Queen of Scots, was tried and executed in 1587....

  • Lilbourne Castle
    Lilbourne
    Lilbourne is a village in the Daventry district of Northamptonshire in England. It is close to the M1 motorway which runs past the village, and the A5 road, east of the village. At the time of the 2001 census, the parish's population was 363 people.-History:...

  • Little Houghton Castle
    Little Houghton, Northamptonshire
    Little Houghton is a village and civil parish in Northamptonshire, England, located about east of Northampton. At the time of the 2001 census, the parish's population was 367 people....

  • Long Buckby Castle
  • Moor End Castle
    Moor End Castle
    The site of Moor End Castle is situated opposite Moor End Farm, along Moor End Road in the civil parish of Yardley Gobion, within the historic county of Northamptonshire .The castle was created in 1347 when Thomas de Ferrers was given licence to...

  • Northampton Castle
    Northampton Castle
    Northampton Castle was built under the stewardship of Simon de Senlis, the first Earl of Northampton, in 1084. It took several years to complete, as there is no mention of it in the Domesday Book, a great survey of England completed in 1086....

  • Sulgrave Castle
  • Titchmarsh Castle
    Titchmarsh, Northamptonshire
    Titchmarsh is a village and civil parish in East Northamptonshire, England. At the time of the 2001 census, the parish's population was 543 people....


  • Fotheringhay Castle
    Fotheringhay Castle
    Fotheringhay Castle was in the village of Fotheringhay 3½ miles to the north of the market town of Oundle, Northamptonshire .King Richard III was born here in 1452 and it was also where Mary, Queen of Scots, was tried and executed in 1587....

     was the scene of the trial and execution of Mary, Queen of Scots in 1587.
    Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Astwell Castle
    Astwell Castle
    Astwell Castle is a manor house in Northamptonshire, England about south-west of Wappenham. It is a listed building and part of the parish of Helmdon, a village west.-15th-16th century:...

    Fortified manor house Fragment Private, farm Gatehouse survives alongside 17th century house.
    Barnwell Castle
    Barnwell Castle
    Barnwell Castle is a ruined castle, south of the town of Oundle, and west of the village of Barnwell, Northamptonshire . It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building, and is a Scheduled Ancient Monument....

    Rectangular castle Ruins Private
    Rockingham Castle
    Rockingham Castle
    Rockingham Castle is a former royal castle and hunting lodge in Rockingham Forest a mile to the north of Corby, Northamptonshire.-History:The site on which the castle stands has been used in the Iron Age, Roman period and by the invading Saxons also used by the Normans, Tudors and also used in the...

    Motte and bailey Rebuilt 13th century gatehouse survives, largely rebuilt 16th century, remodelled 1660 and by Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin was an English architect. He gained a reputation as an expert on medieval buildings and applied this expertise to his new buildings and his restorations...

     in 19th century.
    Thorpe Waterville Castle
    Thorpe Waterville Castle
    Thorpe Waterville Castle was a medieval fortified manor house near Thorpe Waterville, Northamptonshire, England.-Details:Thorpe Waterville Castle was built by Walter Langton, the bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, around 1300. The wood for the castle was stolen by Langton from the woods of a nearby...

    Castle Fragment Private Great hall with fine open roof survives, altered for use as a barn.

    Northumberland
    Northumberland
    Northumberland is the northernmost ceremonial county and a unitary district in North East England. For Eurostat purposes Northumberland is a NUTS 3 region and is one of three boroughs or unitary districts that comprise the "Northumberland and Tyne and Wear" NUTS 2 region...


    Castles of which little or nothing remains include:
    • Cornhill Castle
    • Dally Castle
    • Duddo Tower
      Duddo Tower
      Duddo Tower is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and a Grade II listed building comprising the ruinous remains of an ancient pele tower and 16th century tower house, situated on a prominence on the south side of the village of Duddo, Northumberland, England....

    • Elsdon Castle
      Elsdon Castle
      Elsdon Castle is a castle in the village of Elsdon about to the southwest of Rothbury, in Northumberland, England, and also known as Mote Hills. The site is a Scheduled Ancient Monument....

    • Ford Parson's Tower
      Ford, Northumberland
      Ford is a small village in Northumberland, England, about from Berwick-upon-Tweed. Ford shares a parish with Etal.- History Pre-1513 :Very little is known of the history of the area before the Norman Conquest in the 11th century, but Bronze Age rock carvings in the area suggest that there might...

    • Great Tosson Tower
      Thropton
      Thropton is a small village in Northumberland, England, situated about west of Rothbury near the junction of the Wreigh Burn and the River Coquet. In the village is a fine bridge over the Wreigh Burn which was built in 1811...

  • Haggerston Castle
    Haggerston Castle
    Haggerston Castle was a castle located in the county of Northumberland, England at Haggerston about south of Berwick-upon-Tweed. Only the tower and the rotunda remain...

  • Haltwhistle Castle
    Haltwhistle
    Haltwhistle is a small town and civil parish in Northumberland, England, situated east of Brampton, near Hadrian's Wall, and the villages of Plenmeller, Rowfoot and Melkridge...

  • Heiferlaw Tower
    South Charlton
    South Charlton is a small village in the English county of Northumberland. It is located north west of Alnwick, in the civil parish of Eglingham....

  • Hepple Tower
    Hepple
    Hepple is a small village and parish in rural Northumberland, west of Rothbury, which provides most of its local services. It is on the edge of the Northumberland National Park, and lies on the bank of the river Coquet, at a location which was on the Coquet Stop Line, of which a pillbox remains...

  • Hethpool Tower
    Hethpool House, Kirknewton
    Hethpool House is an Edwardian house at Kirknewton, near Wooler, Northumberland which has Grade II listed building status. Built in 1919 on the site of a late 17th century house which had been the seat of Admiral Lord Collingwood, it was improved in the Arts and crafts style in 1928 for Sir Arthur...

  • Howtel Tower
    Howtel
    Howtel is a village in Northumberland, England about northwest of Wooler. The name Howtel is thought to mean Low Ground with a Holt or Wood.- History :...

  • Kyloe Tower
    Kyloe
    Kyloe is a civil parish in the county of Northumberland, situated about south-east of Berwick-on-Tweed.The former church in Kyloe was built in the eighteenth century, replacing a medieval building, and is now a private house....

  • Little Swinburne Tower
    Thockrington
    Thockrington is a village in Northumberland, England. The village lies about north of Hexham.- Governance :Thockrington is in the parliamentary constituency of Hexham.- Religious sites :...

  • Lowick Castle
  • Nafferton Castle
  • Overgrass Tower
    Swarland
     Swarland is a small modern village in the county of Northumberland, England, situated about south of the market town of Alnwick and north of the city of Newcastle upon Tyne. Swarland's 'village rival' is Felton.- History :...

  • Ponteland Castle
    Ponteland
    Ponteland is a village situated in Northumberland near Newcastle upon Tyne, England. The name means island in the Pont , as the area consisted of a small piece of solid ground around St. Mary's church and the old bridge, surrounded by marshland. This marshland is now drained, with housing built on...

  • Simonburn Castle
    Simonburn
    Simonburn is a small human settlement in Northumberland, England.-Early history:Simonburn lies near the course of Hadrian's Wall, the most noted Roman monument in Britain. The history of that wall as well as the Roman Stanegate forms the earliest recorded history of the Simonburn vicinity...

  • Staward Peel
    Allen Banks & Staward Gorge
    Allen Banks & Staward Gorge is National Trust property in the English county of Northumberland.It is a Victorian garden in a gorge of the River Allen cutting through woodland. The ruins of Staward Peel, a medieval pele tower, stand on a promontory above the gorge. The property has been designated...

  • Tarset Castle
  • Thornton Tower
    Newbrough
     Newbrough is a village in Northumberland, England. The village lies on the north bank of the River South Tyne about west of Hexham.- History :...

  • Twizell Castle
    Twizell Castle
    Twizell Castle is a Grade II* listed building and a Scheduled Ancient Monument which stands on a bend of the River Till at Tillmouth Park, Northumberland, northern England. Below it, the medieval Twizell bridge spans the river. It is located south-west of Berwick Upon Tweed. The site is visible...

  • Warden Castle
    Warden, Northumberland
    Warden is a village in Northumberland, England about west of Hexham.The North and South Tyne actually meet near the village of Warden. There is a pleasant walk from the Boat Inn along the bank of the South Tyne to the meeting of the waters. The Boat Inn was formerly the place of a ferry until the...

  • Wark Castle
    Wark on Tweed
    Wark on Tweed is a village in the English county of Northumberland. It lies about south west of Berwick-upon-Tweed...

  • Welton Hall
  • West Lilburn Tower
    Lilburn Tower
    Lilburn Tower is a privately owned 19th century mansion house at Lilburn, near Wooler, Northumberland. The property is a Grade II* listed building and forming part of the Lilburn Estate...

  • Widdrington Castle
    Widdrington Castle
    Widdrington Castle is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and the site of a former medieval tower house and castle at Widdrington, Northumberland, England of which only earthworks now remain. The location is within a mile or so of the North Sea....


  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Alnham Vicars Pele
    Alnham
    Alnham is a village in Northumberland, England. It is about to the west of Alnwick.To the west of the Church of St Michael, Alnham Vicars Pele is a 14th century pele tower, restored from a ruinous state in the 19th century....

    Pele tower Restored Private
    Alnwick Castle
    Alnwick Castle
    Alnwick Castle is a castle and stately home in the town of the same name in the English county of Northumberland. It is the residence of the Duke of Northumberland, built following the Norman conquest, and renovated and remodelled a number of times. It is a Grade I listed building.-History:Alnwick...

    Keep and bailey Restored
    Duke of Northumberland
    Duke of Northumberland
    The Duke of Northumberland is a title in the peerage of Great Britain that has been created several times. Since the third creation in 1766, the title has belonged to the House of Percy , which held the title of Earl of Northumberland from 1377....

    Remodelled by Robert Adam
    Robert Adam
    Robert Adam was a Scottish neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer. He was the son of William Adam , Scotland's foremost architect of the time, and trained under him...

     and Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin was an English architect. He gained a reputation as an expert on medieval buildings and applied this expertise to his new buildings and his restorations...

    .
    Aydon Castle
    Aydon Castle
    Aydon Castle is a fortified manor house at Aydon near to the town of Corbridge, Northumberland, England. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument, and has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building....

    Fortified manor house Intact Converted to farmhouse 17th century.
    Bamburgh Castle
    Bamburgh Castle
    Bamburgh Castle is an imposing castle located on the coast at Bamburgh in Northumberland, England. It is a Grade I listed building.-History:...

    Keep and bailey Restored
    Lord Armstrong
    Ruinous by 1704, extensively restored 1894–1904.
    Barmoor Castle
    Barmoor Castle
    Barmoor Castle is a privately owned 19th century country house built on an ancient site in Northumberland. It is a Grade II* listed building...

    Tower house Rebuilt Private 19th century mansion incorporating remains of 14th century building.
    Beaufront Castle
    Beaufront Castle
    Beaufront Castle is a privately owned 19th century country house near Hexham, Northumberland, England. It is a Grade I listed building.A pele tower was recorded at Beaufront in 1415...

    Neo-romantic castle Intact Private 19th century mansion on site of 15th century tower house.
    Bellister Castle
    Bellister Castle
    Bellister Castle is a National Trust owned castellated 19th century mansion house attached to the ruinous remains of a 14th century tower house, situated near Haltwhistle, Northumberland, England. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and a Grade I listed building.The property stands on a mound which...

    Castle Fragmentary remains Private Ruins adjoining 17th century house.
    Belsay Castle
    Belsay Castle
    Belsay Castle is a 14th century medieval castle situated at Belsay, Northumberland, England. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and a Grade I listed building....

    Tower house Intact Later ruined building attached.
    Berwick Castle
    Berwick Castle
    Berwick Castle is a ruined castle in Berwick-Upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England.The castle was founded in the 12th century by the Scottish King David I. In 1296-8, the English King Edward I had the castle rebuilt and the town fortified, before it was returned to Scotland...

    Castle Fragmentary remains
    Bitchfield Castle Pele tower Restored Private Incorporated in later mansion.
    Blenkinsop Castle
    Blenkinsop Castle
    Blenkinsopp Castle is a fire-damaged, partly demolished 19th-century country mansion incorporating the ruinous remains of a 14th-century tower house located above the Tipalt Burn approximately one mile from Greenhead, Northumberland, England...

    Tower house Ruins Private Incorporated in 19th century house.
    Bothal Castle
    Bothal Castle
    Bothal Castle stands by the River Wansbeck in the village of Bothal, between Morpeth and Ashington in Northumberland, England. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and a Grade I listed building.It is possibly the site of a Norman castle....

    Castle Rebuilt Private Extensively restored 19th century.
    Bywell Castle
    Bywell Castle
    Bywell Castle is situated in the village of Bywell overlooking the River Tyne, four miles east of Corbridge, Northumberland, England . It is a Grade I listed building and a Scheduled Ancient Monument...

    Castle Fragments Private Gatehouse survives.
    Callaly Castle
    Callaly Castle
    Callaly Castle is a Grade I listed building and a substantial country house to the north of the village of Callaly, which is some to the west of Alnwick, Northumberland, England.It is situated near the site of a 12th century motte castle...

    Pele tower Intact Private apartments Incorporated in later country house.
    Cartington Castle
    Cartington Castle
    Cartington Castle is a ruinous, partly restored medieval English castle in the village of Cartington, north-west of Rothbury in the county of Northumberland, England looking down on the River Coquet. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and a Grade I listed building.Its first recorded owner was...

    Pele tower and extensions Fragmentary remains Private
    Chillingham Castle
    Chillingham Castle
    Chillingham Castle is a medieval castle in the village of Chillingham in the northern part of Northumberland, England. It was the seat of the Grey family and their descendants the Earls of Tankerville from the 13th century until the 1980s. The Chillingham Wild Cattle, formerly associated with the...

    Quadrangular castle Intact Altered 17–19th centuries, restored after 1982.
    Chipchase Castle
    Chipchase Castle
    Chipchase Castle is a 17th-century Jacobean mansion incorporating a substantial 14th-century pele tower which stands north of Hadrian's Wall, near Wark on Tyne, between Bellingham and Hexham in Northumberland, England...

    Tower house Intact Incorporated in Jacobean
    Jacobean architecture
    The Jacobean style is the second phase of Renaissance architecture in England, following the Elizabethan style. It is named after King James I of England, with whose reign it is associated.-Characteristics:...

     house, altered 18–19th centuries.
    Cocklaw Tower Tower house Shell Private, farm Near Wall
    Wall, Northumberland
    Wall is a village in Northumberland, England. It is situated to the north of Hexham close by the River North Tyne and Hadrian's Wall. The Battle of Heavenfield was fought nearby.- Governance : is in the parliamentary constituency of Hexham....

    .
    Cockle Park Tower
    Cocklepark Tower
    Cocklepark Tower is in the hamlet of Cockle Park, Northumberland, England some to the north of Morpeth.This was a three-storied tower-house which was built in the 15th century. It was later extended by the addition of a domestic building. It was in use until recently but it is now unsafe...

    Tower house Substantially intact Newcastle University
    Corbridge Vicar's Pele
    Corbridge Vicar's Pele
    Corbridge Vicar's Pele is a pele tower in the village of Corbridge, Northumberland, England.It was a three-storey pele tower, with one room to each storey, built in the churchyard in 1318, and used as the vicarage for the adjacent church. It is built largely from sandstone taken from the Roman...

    Pele tower Intact Re-roofed 1910.
    Coupland Castle
    Coupland Castle
    Coupland Castle is situated in the village of Coupland to the north-west of Wooler, Northumberland, England. It is a Grade I listed building...

    Tower house Restored Private Later additions.
    Craster Tower
    Craster Tower
    Craster Tower is an 18th century Georgian mansion incorporating a 14th century pele tower situated in the fishing village of Craster, Northumberland, England. It is a Grade II* listed building....

    Pele tower Intact Holiday accommodation Incorporated in later building.
    Crawley Tower Pele tower Ruins Private A cottage was built within the walls in the 18th century.
    Cresswell Castle
    Cresswell Castle, Northumberland
    Cresswell Castle is in the village of Cresswell, situated approximately to the north of Ashington, Northumberland, England.This tower house was built in the 13th century and consists of a rectangular building with a turret at one corner.-References:...

    Pele tower Ruin 18th century parapet.
    Dilston Castle
    Dilston Castle
    The Mencap National College Dilston is a specialist college situated in rural Northumberland.|It is located midway between Newcastle upon Tyne and Carlisle and it is easily accessible by road, rail and air....

    Tower house Ruins Altered 16–17th century, later buildings demolished.
    Dunstanburgh Castle
    Dunstanburgh Castle
    Dunstanburgh Castle lies on a spectacular headland on the coast of Northumberland in northern England, between the villages of Craster and Embleton....

    Keep and bailey Fragmentary ruins Spectacular coastal setting.
    Edlingham Castle
    Edlingham Castle
    Edlingham Castle is a small castle ruin, having Scheduled Ancient Monument and Grade I listed building status, in the care of English Heritage, in a valley to the west of Alnwick, Northumberland, England...

    Keep and bailey Fragmentary ruins
    Elsdon Tower
    Elsdon Tower
    Elsdon Tower is a medieval tower house converted for use as a Rectory situated at Elsdon, Northumberland. It is a Grade I listed building.The property was first recorded as a Vicars Pele, a pele tower in the occupation of the Rector of Elsdon in 1415....

    Pele tower Intact Private Altered, rectory
    Rectory
    A rectory is the residence, or former residence, of a rector, most often a Christian cleric, but in some cases an academic rector or other person with that title...

     until 1960, restored 1990s.
    Embleton Tower
    Embleton Tower
    Embleton Tower is a peel tower and Grade I listed building in the village of Embleton in Northumberland, England. Tradition states that in 1395, the tower was built to protect the minister and church goers of Embleton's Church of the Holy Trinity after the village suffered from a raid by the Scots...

    Pele tower Intact Private 19th century vicarage
    Rectory
    A rectory is the residence, or former residence, of a rector, most often a Christian cleric, but in some cases an academic rector or other person with that title...

     attached.
    Etal Castle
    Etal Castle
    Etal Castle is a medieval English castle situated at Etal, Cornhill on Tweed, Northumberland, England. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and a Grade I listed building....

    Castle Fragmentary ruins
    Featherstone Castle
    Featherstone Castle
    Featherstone Castle, a Grade I listed building, is a large Gothic style country mansion situated on the bank of the River South Tyne about southwest of the town of Haltwhistle in Northumberland, England....

    Castle Intact Private 14th century tower, three further towers added 18–19th century.
    Ford Castle
    Ford Castle
    Forde Castle is a Grade 1 listed building and a Scheduled Ancient Monument situated at a shallow crossing point on the River Till, Ford, Northumberland, England....

    Quadrangular castle Substantially intact Private Converted into mansion 17th century.
    Halton Castle
    Halton Castle, Northumberland
    Halton Castle is a pele tower and grade I listed building situated close to Hadrian's Wall to the north of the village of Corbridge in Northumberland, England....

    Tower house Intact Private Attached to later house.
    Harbottle Castle
    Harbottle Castle
    Harbottle Castle is a ruined medieval castle situated at the west end of the village of Harbottle, Northumberland, England west-north-west of Rothbury overlooking the River Coquet...

    Keep and bailey Fragmentary ruins
    Northumberland National Park
    Northumberland National Park
    Northumberland National Park is the northernmost national park in England. It covers an area of more than 1030 km² between the Scottish Border in the north to just south of Hadrian's Wall. It is one of the least populated and least visited of the National Parks...

    Captured by Robert Bruce
    Robert Bruce
    Robert Bruce or Robert the Bruce may refer to:*Robert the Bruce, King of Scots , Earl of Carrick and Lord of Annandale; victor at the Battle of Bannockburn*Robert Bruce , his illegitimate son...

     in 1318.
    Haughton Castle
    Haughton Castle
    Haughton Castle is a privately owned country mansion situated to the north of the village of Humshaugh on the west bank of the North Tyne. It is some 10 km north of Hexham, Northumberland ....

    Tower house Restored Private Altered 18–19th centuries.
    Hexham Moot Hall and Old Gaol Fortified towers Intact Probably once connected by bailey wall, AD1415 list of castles has "Turris de Hexham".
    Horsley Tower, Longhorsley
    Longhorsley
    Longhorsley is a village in Northumberland, England about northwest of Morpeth, and about south of Alnwick. The A697 road passes through the village linking it with Morpeth, Wooler and Coldstream in Scotland. There are 6 "Streets" in Longhorsley: Whitegates, Church View, Drummonds Close, West...

    Pele tower Intact Private
    Langley Castle
    Langley Castle
    Langley Castle is a restored medieval tower house, now operated as an hotel, situated in the village of Langley in the valley of the River South Tyne some south of Haydon Bridge, Northumberland, England. It is a Grade I listed building.-Details:...

    Tower house Restored Hotel Restored 1890s.
    Lemmington Hall
    Lemmington Hall
    Lemmington Hall is an 18th-century country mansion incorporating a 15th-century tower house, situated near Edlingham, Northumberland, England. It is a Grade II* listed building...

    Tower house Restored Wedding venue Incorporated in later house.
    Lindisfarne Castle
    Lindisfarne Castle
    Lindisfarne Castle is a 16th-century castle located on Holy Island, near Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England, much altered by Sir Edwin Lutyens in 1901. The island is accessible from the mainland at low tide by means of a causeway.-History:...

    Artillery fort Restored Remodelled by Edwin Lutyens
    Edwin Lutyens
    Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, OM, KCIE, PRA, FRIBA was a British architect who is known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era...

     1901.
    Mitford Castle
    Mitford Castle
    Mitford Castle is an English castle dating from the end of the 11th century and located at Mitford, Northumberland. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and a Grade I listed building, enlisted on 20 October 1969. The castle is also officially on the Buildings at Risk Register...

    Keep and bailey Fragmentary ruins
    Morpeth Castle
    Morpeth Castle
    Morpeth Castle is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and a Grade I listed building at Morpeth, Northumberland, in northeast England.-History:The original motte and bailey dating from the 11th century was built on a hill overlooking the River Wansbeck and destroyed by King John in 1216...

    Castle Fragments Landmark Trust
    Landmark Trust
    The Landmark Trust is a British building conservation charity, founded in 1965 by Sir John and Lady Smith, that rescues buildings of historic interest or architectural merit and then gives them a new life by making them available for holiday rental...

    Only gatehouse and a section of wall remain.
    Norham Castle
    Norham Castle
    Norham Castle is a partly ruined castle in Northumberland, England, overlooking the River Tweed, on the border between England and Scotland. It is a Grade I listed building and a Scheduled Ancient Monument...

    Keep and bailey Ruins Keep remodelled 1422–5, partly rebuilt 1513–15.
    Preston Tower, Ellingham
    Ellingham, Northumberland
    Ellingham is a civil parish in Northumberland, England.- External links :*...

    Pele tower Fragment South wall remains, with two of the original four turrets.
    Prior Castell's Tower
    Farne Islands
    The Farne Islands are a group of islands off the coast of Northumberland, England. There are between 15 and 20 or more islands depending on the state of the tide. They are scattered about 2.5–7.5 km distant from the mainland, divided into two groups, the Inner Group and the Outer Group...

    Tower house Substantially intact
    Prudhoe Castle
    Prudhoe Castle
    Prudhoe Castle is a ruined medieval English castle situated on the south bank of the River Tyne at Prudhoe, Northumberland, England. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and a Grade I listed building.-The Umfravilles:...

    Castle Ruins
    Shilbottle Tower Pele tower Restored Private Incorporated into a vicarage
    Rectory
    A rectory is the residence, or former residence, of a rector, most often a Christian cleric, but in some cases an academic rector or other person with that title...

    .
    Shortflatt Tower
    Bolam, Northumberland
    Bolam is a village in Northumberland, England. It is about north-west of Newcastle, close to Bolam West Houses.About south-west of the village, Shortflatt Tower comprises a late 15th or early 16th century pele tower, attached to a 17th century house....

    Pele tower Restored Wedding venue Incorporated in later house.
    Thirlwall Castle
    Thirlwall Castle
    Thirlwall Castle is a 12th-century castle in Northumberland, England, on the bank of the River Tipalt close to the village of Greenhead and approximately west of Hexham. It was built in the 12th century, and later strengthened using stones from nearby Hadrian's Wall, but began to fall into...

    Tower house Fragmentary ruins
    Northumberland National Park
    Northumberland National Park
    Northumberland National Park is the northernmost national park in England. It covers an area of more than 1030 km² between the Scottish Border in the north to just south of Hadrian's Wall. It is one of the least populated and least visited of the National Parks...

    Built with stone from Hadrian's Wall
    Hadrian's Wall
    Hadrian's Wall was a defensive fortification in Roman Britain. Begun in AD 122, during the rule of emperor Hadrian, it was the first of two fortifications built across Great Britain, the second being the Antonine Wall, lesser known of the two because its physical remains are less evident today.The...

    .
    Warkworth Castle
    Warkworth Castle
    Warkworth Castle is a ruined medieval building in the town of the same name in the English county of Northumberland. The town and castle occupy a loop of the River Coquet, less than a mile from England's north-east coast...

    Keep and bailey Ruins
    Whittingham Tower
    Whittingham, Northumberland
     Whittingham is a village in the English County of Northumberland.In the village is Whittingham Tower, a pele tower dating from the thirteenth or fourteenth century, converted into almshouses in 1845, and now in private ownership.- Governance :...

    Pele tower Restored Private Converted for use as almshouses in 1845.
    Whitton Tower Pele tower Intact Holiday accommodation Near Rothbury
    Rothbury
    Rothbury is a town and civil parish in Northumberland, England. It is located on the River Coquet, northwest of Morpeth and north-northwest of Newcastle upon Tyne...

    , well-preserved.
    Willimoteswick Castle Fortified manor house Ruins Private, farm Incorporates remains of earlier building, largely rebuilt 1900.

    North Yorkshire
    North Yorkshire
    North Yorkshire is a non-metropolitan or shire county located in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, and a ceremonial county primarily in that region but partly in North East England. Created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972 it covers an area of , making it the largest...

    Castles of which little remains include:
    • Acklam Motte
      Acklam, Ryedale
      Acklam is a small village and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England although it is historically part of the East Riding of Yorkshire. It is situated approximately north east of York city centre and south of the town of Malton....

    • Burton in Lonsdale Castle
      Burton in Lonsdale Castle
      Burton in Lonsdale Castle was in the village of Burton in Lonsdale in North Yorkshire, England .The Pipe Rolls for the reign of Henry II record that the castle's garrison in 1129–1130 consisted of a knight, ten sergeants, a gatekeeper, and a watchman....

    • Buttercrambe Castle
      Buttercrambe Castle
      Buttercrambe Castle was in the village of Buttercrambe in North Yorkshire, England. This was possibly a medieval motte and bailey castle. The bailey has been extensively landscaped making accurate interpretation difficult. Some earthworks only remain....

    • Carlton Castle
      Carlton, Richmondshire
      thumb|left|150px|Carlton CastleCarlton or Carlton Town is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 126...

    • Castle Levington
      Middleton-on-Leven
      Middleton-on-Leven is a hamlet and civil parish in Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated next to the River Leven, close to the border with Stockton-on-Tees and south west of Yarm. In the 2001 census, Middleton-on-Leven had a population of 97.Half a mile to the...

  • Duffield Castle
    Duffield Castle, North Yorkshire
    Duffield Castle lay on the flood plain of the River Derwent in the parish of North Duffield in the English county of North Yorkshire, at . It was documented in 1320. Duffield Castle was owned by John Hussey, 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford, who was executed in 1537...

  • Guisborough Castle
    Guisborough
    Guisborough is a market town and civil parish within the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England....

  • Harsley Castle
    West Harlsey
    West Harsley is a hamlet and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated near the A19 road, 3 miles north east of Northallerton....

  • Howe Hill (Yafforth)
    Yafforth
    Yafforth is a village in the civil parish of Danby Wiske in Hambleton, North Yorkshire, England about west of Northallerton. The village lies on the B6271 road between Northallerton and the village of Scorton.The River Wiske passes to the east of the village...

  • Hunmanby Castle
    Hunmanby
    Hunmanby is a large village , which was classified as a town until the 1960s, and civil parish in the Scarborough district of North Yorkshire, England...

  • Killerby Castle
    Catterick, North Yorkshire
    Catterick , sometimes Catterick Village, to distinguish it from the nearby Catterick Garrison, is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England...

  • Kilton Castle
  • Kirkby Fleetham Castle
    Kirkby Fleetham
    Kirkby Fleetham is a large village in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England about east of the A1 road. It is almost adjoined to two other villages, Great Fencote and Little Fencote; Great Langton is also in close vicinity. It has a population of 556. There is a local Pub/Bed &...

  • Kyme Castle
    Newton Kyme
    Newton Kyme is a village and a civil parish near the River Wharfe, in the Selby District, in the English county of North Yorkshire. It is near the town of Tadcaster. For transport there is the A659 road nearby. Newton Kyme has a place of worship and a castle called Kyme Castle.- References...

  • Lythe Castle
    Lythe
    Lythe is a small village, and large civil parish, in the Scarborough district of North Yorkshire, England, situated near WhitbyAccording to the 2001 UK census, Lythe parish had a population of 465....

  • Malton Castle
    Malton, North Yorkshire
    Malton is a market town and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England. The town is the location of the offices of Ryedale District Council and has a population of around 4,000 people....

  • Saxton Castle
    Saxton, North Yorkshire
    Saxton is a small, affluent village in North Yorkshire, England, about 15 miles from York and about 12 miles from Leeds. The resident population is about 250...

  • Sigston Castle
    Kirby Sigston
    Kirby Sigston is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England approximately four miles from Northallerton. The parish contains the hamlet of Jeater Houses due east of the village on the trunk A19 road....

  • Slingsby Castle
    Slingsby, North Yorkshire
    Slingsby is a village and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England. It is about 6 miles west of Malton. According to the 2001 census had a population of 634....

  • Tadcaster Castle
    Tadcaster
    Tadcaster is a market town and civil parish in the Selby district of North Yorkshire, England. Lying on the Great North Road approximately east of Leeds and west of York. It is the last town on the River Wharfe before it joins the River Ouse about downstream...

  • Topcliffe Castle
    Topcliffe, North Yorkshire
    Topcliffe is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. The village is situated on the River Swale, close to the A168 and about five miles south-west of Thirsk...

  • Upsall Castle

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Ayton Castle
    West Ayton
    West Ayton is a village and civil parish in the Scarboroughdistrict of North Yorkshire, England.According to the 2001 UK census, West Ayton parish had a population of 831....

    Castle Fragment
    Local authority
    Barden Tower
    Barden, Craven
    Barden is a village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. The village is by the River Wharfe and is in Wharfedale in the Yorkshire Dales. The parish includes Barden Fell...

    Castle Ruins
    Bolton Castle
    Bolton Castle
    Bolton Castle in North Yorkshire, is located in Wensleydale in the Yorkshire Dales . The nearby village Castle Bolton takes its name from the castle. The castle is a Grade I listed building and a Scheduled Ancient Monument. The castle was damaged in the English Civil War, but much of it remains...

    Quadrangular castle Ruins Besieged and slighted during English Civil War
    English Civil War
    The English Civil War was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists...

    .
    Cawood Castle
    Cawood Castle
    Cawood Castle was a palace for the Archbishops of York. The remains of the castle are located in Cawood, a village in North Yorkshire, England.-History:...

    Quadrangular castle Fragments Landmark Trust
    Landmark Trust
    The Landmark Trust is a British building conservation charity, founded in 1965 by Sir John and Lady Smith, that rescues buildings of historic interest or architectural merit and then gives them a new life by making them available for holiday rental...

    Largely demolished 1750, gatehouse survives.
    Clifford's Tower Keep Restored Reduced in height 1596.
    Crayke Castle
    Crayke
    Crayke is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England, about two miles east of Easingwold.The parish was formerly a detached part of County Durham , due to its connection with St Cuthbert and the Bishop of Durham, who had a castle at Crayke.The seventh-century...

    Tower house Restored Private 18th and 19th century additions and alterations.
    Danby Castle
    Danby, North Yorkshire
    Danby is a village and civil parish in the Scarborough district of North Yorkshire, England. According to the 2001 UK census, Danby parish had a population of 1,515. Karl Pearson spent a lot of time there....

    Quadrangular castle Fragmentary ruins Private, farm Partly used as farm buildings.
    Gilling Castle
    Gilling Castle
    Gilling Castle is a castle near Gilling East, North Yorkshire, England . The castle was originally the home of the Etton family, who appeared there at the end of the 12th century...

    Tower house Intact St. Martin's Ampleforth School
    St Martin's Ampleforth
    St Martin's Ampleforth is the Preparatory School for Ampleforth College. It is situated in the village of Gilling East, at Gilling Castle, North Yorkshire, England...

    16th and 18th century additions and alterations.
    Hazlewood Castle
    Hazlewood Castle
    Hazlewood Castle is a country residence situated in North Yorkshire, England by the A1 and A64 between Aberford and Tadcaster.The first records of the house are to be found in the Domesday Book...

    Castle Rebuilt Hotel Altered 18th and 20th centuries, formerly Carmelite
    Carmelites
    The Order of the Brothers of Our Lady of Mount Carmel or Carmelites is a Catholic religious order perhaps founded in the 12th century on Mount Carmel, hence its name. However, historical records about its origin remain uncertain...

     retreat centre.
    Hellifield Peel
    Hellifield
    Hellifield is a village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England . The village once was an important railway junction on the Settle-Carlisle Railway between the Midland Railway and the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, but Hellifield railway station is now a shadow of...

    Tower house Restored Hotel Restored 2005.
    Helmsley Castle
    Helmsley Castle
    Helmsley Castle is a medieval castle situated in the market town of Helmsley, North Yorkshire, England.-History:...

    Castle Fragmentary ruins Severely slighted 1645.
    Hornby Castle
    Hornby Castle, Yorkshire
    Hornby Castle, Yorkshire was a fourteenth and fifteenth-century courtyard castle in Swaledale. It was largely rebuilt in the fifteenth century by William Conyers, 1st Baron Conyers after the Conyers family had inherited it, but retained the fourteenth-century St...

    Courtyard castle Restored Private Converted to country house by John Carr, 18th century.
    Knaresborough Castle
    Knaresborough Castle
    Knaresborough Castle is a ruined fortress overlooking the River Nidd in the town of Knaresborough, North Yorkshire, England.-History:The castle was first built by a Norman baron in c.1100 on a cliff above the River Nidd. There is documentary evidence dating from 1130 referring to works carried out...

    Keep and bailey Fragmentary ruins
    Duchy of Lancaster
    Duchy of Lancaster
    The Duchy of Lancaster is one of the two royal duchies in England, the other being the Duchy of Cornwall. It is held in trust for the Sovereign, and is used to provide income for the use of the British monarch...

    Marmion Tower
    Marmion Tower
    Marmion Tower is a 15th century gatehouse near to the village of West Tanfield in North Yorkshire, England.It was the entrance to and formerly adjoined to a now vanished manor house by the River Ure, owned by the Marmion family from which the gatehouse gets its name...

    Fortified manor house Fragment Surviving gatehouse of Tanfield Castle.
    Middleham Castle
    Middleham Castle
    Middleham Castle in Wensleydale, in the county of North Yorkshire, was built by Robert Fitzrandolph, 3rd Lord of Middleham and Spennithorne, commencing in 1190. It was built near the site of an earlier motte and bailey castle...

    Keep and bailey Ruins
    (Old) Mulgrave Castle Enclosure castle Fragmentary ruins
    Marquess of Normanby
    Marquess of Normanby
    Marquess of Normanby is a title that has been created twice, once in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.The first creation came in 1694 in the Peerage of England in favour of John Sheffield, 3rd Earl of Mulgrave KG...

    Superseded by 18–19th century castellated mansion also known as Mulgrave Castle.
    Nappa Hall
    Askrigg
    Askrigg is a small village and civil parish in Wensleydale in the Yorkshire Dales National Park. It is part of the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England...

    Fortified manor house Intact Private Enlarged 17th century, little altered since.
    Pickering Castle
    Pickering Castle
    Pickering Castle is a motte-and-bailey fortification in Pickering, North Yorkshire, England.- Design :Pickering castle was originally a timber and earth motte and bailey castle. It was developed into a stone motte and bailey castle which had a stone shell keep. The current inner ward was originally...

    Keep and bailey Ruins
    Ravensworth Castle
    Ravensworth Castle (North Yorkshire)
    Ravensworth Castle is a ruined 14th century castle in the village of Ravensworth, North Yorkshire, England. It has been designated a Grade I listed building by English Heritage.-History:...

    Castle Fragmentary remains Private
    Richmond Castle
    Richmond Castle
    Richmond Castle in Richmond, North Yorkshire, England, stands in a commanding position above the River Swale, close to the centre of the town of Richmond. It was originally called Riche Mount, 'the strong hill'...

    Keep and bailey Ruins Keep 100 ft (30.5 m) high.
    Ripley Castle Tower house Rebuilt Extended 1783–6 in Gothic Revival
    Gothic Revival architecture
    The Gothic Revival is an architectural movement that began in the 1740s in England...

     style.
    Scarborough Castle
    Scarborough Castle
    Scarborough Castle is a former medieval Royal fortress situated on a rocky promontory overlooking the North Sea and Scarborough, North Yorkshire, England...

    Keep and bailey Ruins
    Sheriff Hutton Castle
    Sheriff Hutton Castle
    Sheriff Hutton Castle is a quadrangular castle in the village of Sheriff Hutton, North Yorkshire, England.-History:The original motte and bailey castle, the remains of which can be seen to the south of the churchyard. was built by Bertram de Bulmer, Sheriff of York during the reign of King Stephen...

    Quadrangular castle Fragmentary ruins Private
    Skelton Castle
    Skelton-in-Cleveland
    Skelton-in-Cleveland is a small town in the civil parish of Skelton and Brotton in the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire in the North East of England. It is situated at the foot of the Cleveland Hills and about east of Middlesbrough. Skelton is...

    Castellated house Intact Private 18–19th century house incorporates remains of medieval castle.
    Skipton Castle
    Skipton Castle
    Skipton Castle is situated within the town of Skipton, North Yorkshire, England. The castle has been preserved for over 900 years, built in 1090 by Robert de Romille, a Norman baron.- History :...

    Castle Restored Partly demolished 1649, rebuilt 1657–8.
    Snape Castle
    Snape, North Yorkshire
    Snape is a large village in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England, located about 3 miles south of Bedale and 3 miles west of the A1, it has a population of 350...

    Castle Partly ruined Private Mostly reconstructed 17th century.
    South Cowton Castle
    South Cowton Castle
    South Cowton Castle is a 15th century fortified dwelling house in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England.It is situated on the land that was once the medieval village of South Cowton....

    Tower house Restored Private Altered 19th century, farmhouse.
    Spofforth Castle
    Spofforth Castle
    Spofforth Castle in the village of Spofforth, North Yorkshire, England comprises the ruins of a hall range and is all that remains from a fortified house. The current castle was built by the Percy family in the early 13th century, with alterations made in the 14th/15th centuries...

    Fortified manor house Fragmentary ruins
    Whorlton Castle
    Whorlton, North Yorkshire
    Whorlton is a hamlet and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It is very near Swainby and the A19, and 6 miles south west of Stokesley. Features include the remains of Whorlton Castle and the Church of the Holy Rood....

    Castle Fragmentary ruins Remains of gatehouse.
    Wilton Castle
    Wilton Castle (Yorkshire)
    Wilton Castle is an early 19th century mansion house, built on the site of a medieval castle, now converted into residential apartments, situated at Wilton, in Redcar and Cleveland, England. It is a Grade II listed building....

    Neo-romantic castle Intact Private apartments By Smirke on site of medieval castle.

    Nottinghamshire
    Nottinghamshire
    Nottinghamshire is a county in the East Midlands of England, bordering South Yorkshire to the north-west, Lincolnshire to the east, Leicestershire to the south, and Derbyshire to the west...


    Castles of which little remains include:
    • Annesley Castle
      Annesley
      Annesley is a village and civil parish in the District of Ashfield in Nottinghamshire, England, located between Hucknall and Kirkby-in-Ashfield. According to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 1,096. Nearby to the west is Annesley Woodhouse...

    • Aslockton Castle
      Aslockton Castle
      Aslockton Castle was in the village of Aslockton, Nottinghamshire .A motte and bailey fortress was built in the 12th century. Only the earthworks now remain. The motte is called Cranmer's Mound and stands about 16 feet high. To the south east two rectangular platforms enclosed by ditches are the...

  • Bothamsall Castle
    Bothamsall
    Bothamsall is a village and civil parish in the Bassetlaw district of Nottinghamshire, England.According to the United Kingdom Census 2001 it had a population of 185.- History & Amenities :...

  • Cuckney Castle
    Cuckney Castle
    Cuckney Castle was in the village of Cuckney, Nottinghamshire between Worksop and Market Warsop .It was a motte and bailey fortress founded by Thomas de Cuckney. It was slighted after The Anarchy in the reign of King Stephen...

  • Egmanton Castle
    Egmanton
    Egmanton is a small village located one mile south of Tuxford and one mile north of Laxton in Nottinghamshire, England. The name derives from the Old English words for Ecgmund's farm/settlement.The nearest larger towns are Retford and Newark-on-Trent...

  • Greasley Castle
    Greasley
    Greasley is a parish north west of Nottingham in Nottinghamshire, England. Although it is thought there was once a village called Greasley, there is no settlement of that name today. The built up areas in the parish are Giltbrook, Moorgreen , Newthorpe, Watnall and parts of Eastwood, Kimberley and...

  • Laxton Castle
    Laxton Castle
    Laxton Castle is a late-11th or early-12th century medieval castle located north of the village of Laxton in Nottinghamshire, England. According to an early 20th-century report by the British Archaeological Association, the site is notable not only as "the most striking specimen of a mount and...

  • Lowdham Castle
    Lowdham
    Lowdham is a village in Nottinghamshire between Nottingham and Southwell.Lowdham is in the Newark and Sherwood district.The dual carriageway to the north and Doncaster cuts the village in two....

  • Worksop Castle
    Worksop
    Worksop is the largest town in the Bassetlaw district of Nottinghamshire, England on the River Ryton at the northern edge of Sherwood Forest. It is about east-south-east of the City of Sheffield and its population is estimated to be 39,800...


  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Halloughton Manor House
    Halloughton
    Halloughton is a village in Nottinghamshire, England. It is located 9 miles west of Newark on Trent and is within the civil parish of Southwell....

    Pele tower Intact Private Attached to later building.
    Newark Castle
    Newark Castle, Nottinghamshire
    Newark Castle, in Newark, in the English county of Nottinghamshire was built by Alexander, consecrated Bishop of Lincoln in 1123, who established it as a mint. His rebuild here was probably the model for that at Sleaford Castle, also built by Alexander....

    Castle Ruins / Newark District Council Gatehouse, part of curtain wall and a tower remain.
    Nottingham Castle
    Nottingham Castle
    Nottingham Castle is a castle in Nottingham, England. It is located in a commanding position on a natural promontory known as "'Castle Rock'", with cliffs high to the south and west. In the Middle Ages it was a major royal fortress and occasional royal residence...

    Keep and bailey Fragmentary remains
    Nottingham City Council
    Nottingham City Council
    Nottingham City Council is the non-metropolitan district council for the unitary authority of Nottingham in Nottinghamshire. It consists of 55 councillors, representing a total of 20 wards, elected every four years. It is led by Jon Collins, of the majority Labour Party. The deputy leader of the...

    Demolished 1651, later mansion on site, much restored 14th century gatehouse remains.

    Oxfordshire
    Oxfordshire
    Oxfordshire is a county in the South East region of England, bordering on Warwickshire and Northamptonshire , Buckinghamshire , Berkshire , Wiltshire and Gloucestershire ....


    Castles of which little or nothing remains include:
    • Ardley Castle
      Ardley Castle
      Ardley Castle was a castle to the southwest of the village of Ardley, Oxfordshire, England.It is thought to have been an adulterine castle erected in the reign of King Stephen and demolished by order of Henry II after 1154. It now consists of an oval enclosure with a shallow ditch.-Notes:...

    • Ascot d'Oilly Castle
      Ascot d'Oilly Castle
      Ascot d'Oilly Castle is situated north of the village of Ascott-under-Wychwood, Oxfordshire. It is a scheduled ancient monument. A fragment of the castle remains and is a Grade II listed building...

    • Ascott Earl Castle
      Ascott Earl Castle
      Ascott Earl Castle was a castle in the village of Ascott Earl, Oxfordshire, England.-Details:Ascott Earl Castle was built in the village of Ascott Earl, to a motte-and-bailey design. The castle is very close to the fortification of Ascot d'Oilly Castle, built on an adjacent estate at the other end...

  • Banbury Castle
    Banbury Castle
    Banbury Castle was a medieval castle that stood near the centre of the town of Banbury, Oxfordshire. Historian John Kenyon notes that the castle is "remarkable for its early concentric shape".-History:...

  • Beaumont Castle
    Beaumont Castle
    -History:Beaumont Castle was a possible motte and bailey or ringwork castle built in the village of Mixbury, Oxfordshire, England. The castle was probably built by Roger d'Ivry following the Norman invasion of England. The castle was probably called Beaumont because it occupied a natural promontory...

  • Brightwell Castle
    Brightwell Castle
    Brightwell Castle was in the village of Brightwell-cum-Sotwell, between the towns of Didcot and Wallingford , now in Oxfordshire but until 1974 in Berkshire, in England....

  • Chipping Norton Castle
    Chipping Norton Castle
    Chipping Norton Castle was a timber Norman motte and bailey castle which stood to the north west of the town of Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire. Very little of the original structures remain apart from earthworks.-External links:*...

  • Deddington Castle
    Deddington Castle
    Deddington Castle was in the large village of Deddington 6 miles south of Banbury, Oxfordshire .It was built on a Saxon site as a motte and bailey castle in the 11th century by Bishop Odo of Bayeux, the half brother of William the Conqueror...

  • Faringdon Castle
    Faringdon Castle
    Faringdon Castle was a Norman castle standing just outside the market town of Faringdon in the English county of Berkshire , some 17 km to the north-east of Swindon ....

  • FitzHarris Castle
    FitzHarris Castle
    FitzHarris Castle was a medieval castle located near Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England.-History:FitzHarris Castle was built near Abingdon between 1071-84 in the aftermath of the Norman invasion of England by a probable Norman knight called Owen. The castle formed a motte, 78 ft by 68 ft across,...

  • Hinton Waldrist Castle
    Hinton Waldrist Castle
    Hinton Waldrist Castle was in Hinton Waldrist about north of Wantage . Hinton Waldrist spent most of its history in Berkshire until in 1974 it was transferred to Oxfordshire....

  • South Moreton Castle
    South Moreton Castle
    South Moreton Castle was an 11th century castle in the village of South Moreton, Oxfordshire, England. The name can also refer to a nearby siege-castle, probably from the 12th century.-History:...

  • Swerford Castle
    Swerford Castle
    Swerford Castle was a medieval castle in the village of Swerford, Oxfordshire, England.-History:Swerford Castle was built in a motte and bailey design in the 12th century. It was positioned so as to overlook the local ford of the River Swere and the village of Swerford...


  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Bampton Castle
    Bampton Castle, Oxfordshire
    Bampton Castle was in the village of Bampton, Oxfordshire .Differing accounts of its origin exist. One states that in about 1142 AD during the reign of Stephen, Matilda built a motte castle...

    Quadrangular castle Fragment Private Parts of gatehouse and curtain wall survive in later house, Ham Court.
    Broughton Castle
    Broughton Castle
    Broughton Castle is a medieval manor house located in the village of Broughton which is about two miles south-west of Banbury, Oxfordshire, England on the B4035 road ....

    Fortified manor house Intact Remodelled 15–18th centuries.
    Hanwell Castle Castellated house Fragment Private Large surviving tower of unfortified building.
    Oxford Castle
    Oxford Castle
    Oxford Castle is a large, partly ruined Norman medieval castle situated on the west edge of Oxford in Oxfordshire, England. The original moated, wooden motte and bailey castle was replaced with stone in the 11th century and played an important role in the conflict of the Anarchy...

    Motte and bailey Fragment Hotel Motte and the unusual, possibly Saxon
    Anglo-Saxons
    Anglo-Saxon is a term used by historians to designate the Germanic tribes who invaded and settled the south and east of Great Britain beginning in the early 5th century AD, and the period from their creation of the English nation to the Norman conquest. The Anglo-Saxon Era denotes the period of...

    , St. George's Tower.
    Rotherfield Greys Castle
    Greys Court
    Greys Court is a Tudor country house and associated gardens, located at , at the southern end of the Chiltern Hills at Rotherfield Greys, near Henley-on-Thames in the English county of Oxfordshire. It is owned by the National Trust and is open to the public....

    Fortified manor house Fragment Towers and section of wall survive, close to Greys Court
    Greys Court
    Greys Court is a Tudor country house and associated gardens, located at , at the southern end of the Chiltern Hills at Rotherfield Greys, near Henley-on-Thames in the English county of Oxfordshire. It is owned by the National Trust and is open to the public....

    .
    Shirburn Castle
    Shirburn Castle
    Shirburn Castle is at the village of Shirburn, south of Thame, Oxfordshire.Shirburn Castle was the seat of the Earls of Macclesfield. George Parker, 2nd Earl of Macclesfield , celebrated as an astronomer, spent much time conducting astronomical observations at Shirburn Castle, which his father...

    Quadrangular castle Rebuilt Private Originally stone, largely rebuilt in brick c.1720, remodelled 19th century.
    Wallingford Castle
    Wallingford Castle
    Wallingford Castle was a major medieval castle situated in Wallingford in the English county of Oxfordshire , adjacent to the River Thames...

    Motte and bailey Fragmentary remains Slighted 1652, impressive earthworks remain.

    Rutland
    Rutland
    Rutland is a landlocked county in central England, bounded on the west and north by Leicestershire, northeast by Lincolnshire and southeast by Peterborough and Northamptonshire....


    Castles of which little or nothing remains include:
    • Burley Castle
      Burley Castle
      Burley Castle was to the north of the village of Burley, two miles north-east of Oakham in the county of Rutland, .There is evidence of a motte and bailey castle of the late 11th or early 12th century. Only earthworks remain.-References:...

  • Essendine Castle
    Essendine
    Essendine is a village at the eastern end of the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. It lies on the West Glen, close by the earthworks of a small castle.-Geology:...

  • Uppingham Castle
  • Woodhead Castle
  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Oakham Castle
    Oakham Castle
    Oakham Castle is located in Oakham, Rutland. It was constructed between 1180 and 1190, in the reign of Henry II for Walchelin de Ferriers, Lord of the Manor of Oakham...

    Motte and bailey Fragment / Rutland County Council
    Rutland County Council
    Rutland County Council is a unitary authority responsible for local government in the historic county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. The current Council was created in April 1997....

    Aisled great hall built 1180–1190 survives.

    Shropshire
    Shropshire
    Shropshire is a county in the West Midlands region of England. For Eurostat purposes, the county is a NUTS 3 region and is one of four counties or unitary districts that comprise the "Shropshire and Staffordshire" NUTS 2 region. It borders Wales to the west...

    Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:
    • Apley Castle
      Apley Castle
      Apley Castle was a medieval fortified manor in the village of Hadley, Shropshire, England.-History:Apley Castle was a moated, fortified manor house in Hadley near Shrewsbury. By the early 14th century the manor was owned by the Charlton family, who had become major landowners in the region, and in...

    • Belan Bank (Kinnerley)
    • Bishop's Castle
      Bishop's Castle
      Bishop's Castle is a small market town in Shropshire, England, and formerly its smallest borough. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 1,630. Bishop's Castle is east of the Wales-England border, about north-west of Ludlow and about south-west of Shrewsbury. To the south is Clun...

    • Bryn Amlwg Castle
      Bryn Amlwg Castle
      Bryn Amlwg Castle is in Shropshire near the Welsh border and the hamlet of Anchor which lies between Newtown and Clun.This was an enclosure castle of the 12th and 13th centuries, and had towers and a gatehouse. Only earthworks now remain.-References:...

    • Buckhurst Castle
      Little Stretton, Shropshire
      Little Stretton is a village in Shropshire, England.It lies on the B5477 to the south of the town of Church Stretton ; similarly, the small village of All Stretton lies to the north of Church Stretton on the same road...

    • Bucknell Castle
    • Caus Castle
      Caus Castle
      Caus Castle is a hill fort and medieval castle in the civil parish of Westbury in the English county of Shropshire. It is situated up on the eastern foothills of the Long Mountain guarding the route from Shrewsbury, Shropshire to Montgomery, Powys on the border between England and Wales.- History...

  • Charlton Castle
    Charlton Castle
    Charlton Castle was a fortified manor house situated in Shropshire between Shrewsbury and Telford .Sir John Charlton was licensed to crenellate his dwelling at Charlton in 1316. This defended manor house was known as Charlton Castle and was apparently still used as a residence of the Lords of Powys...

  • Cleobury Castle
    Cleobury Castle
    Cleobury Castle was sited by the River Rea in the small town of Cleobury Mortimer in Shropshire which lies between the towns of Ludlow and Bewdley .- Mortimer Stronghold :The castle was built in the early 12th century and owned by the Mortimer family...

  • Clungunford Castle
    Clungunford
    Clungunford is a village and civil parish in Shropshire, England, located near the border with Herefordshire.The name comes from the fact that this part of the Clun area was owned by the Saxon Lord Gunward and so was called "Clun Gunward". The River Clun here was forded and the name became...

  • Colebatch Castle
    Colebatch, Shropshire
    Colebatch is a small village and civil parish in Shropshire, England.The village lies on the A488, one mile south of Bishop's Castle, on the road to Clun...

  • Corfham Castle
    Diddlebury
    Diddlebury is a small village and civil parish in Shropshire, England lying in Corvedale on the B4368 road about 5 miles north east of Craven Arms....

  • Ellesmere Castle
    Ellesmere Castle
    Ellesmere Castle was in the town of Ellesmere, Shropshire. .This was a motte and bailey castle which was probably founded by Roger de Montgomerie, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury on a prominent hill to the east of the town, overlooking the Mere, soon after the Norman conquest...

  • Hodnet Castle
    Hodnet, Shropshire
    Hodnet is a village and civil parish in Shropshire, England. To the northeast of the village is the nearby town of Market Drayton.-Attractions and facilities:...

  • Holdgate Castle
    Holdgate Castle
    Holdgate Castle is situated in the village of Holdgate between Craven Arms and Bridgnorth, Shropshire....

  • Knockin Castle
    Knockin Castle
    Knockin Castle was situated in the village of Knockin on Shropshire between Oswestry and Shrewsbury .This was a motte and bailey castle founded by Guy le Strange between 1154 and 1160 and it remained the principal holding of the Strange family for most of the Middle Ages. The castle was damaged in...

  • Lea Castle
    Lydham
    Lydham is a small village in Shropshire, England about 2 miles north of Bishops Castle.Lydham is the crossing point of the A488 and the A489.- History :...

  • Little Ness Castle
  • Middlehope Castle
    Eaton-under-Heywood
    Eaton-under-Heywood is a civil parish in Shropshire, England.It is named after the small village of Eaton, which lies under Wenlock Edge and the woods along it. The village is also known as Eaton-under-Heywood and sometimes spelt as Eaton-under-Haywood.A path, which is a public right of way, leads...

  • Minton Castle
    Minton, Shropshire
    Minton is a hamlet in Shropshire, England.It is located in the parish of Church Stretton, 2½ miles southwest of the market town of Church Stretton. A historic settlement, it is situated on a foothill of the Long Mynd at around 240m above sea level...

  • Myddle Castle
  • Oswestry Castle
    Oswestry
    Oswestry is a town and civil parish in Shropshire, England, close to the Welsh border. It is at the junction of the A5, A483, and A495 roads....

  • Pulverbatch Castle
    Church Pulverbatch
    Church Pulverbatch is a small village and civil parish in central Shropshire, England. The population of the parish was 344 at the time of the 2001 census.It is located near Habberley and Picklescott...

  • Rushbury Castle
    Rushbury
    Rushbury is a village and civil parish in Shropshire, roughly five miles from Church Stretton and eight miles from Much Wenlock at .Neighbouring villages include Cardington, Longville in the Dale, Ticklerton and Wall Under Haywood....

  • Ruyton-XI-Towns Castle
    Ruyton-XI-Towns
    Ruyton-XI-Towns , formally Ruyton of the Eleven Towns or simply Ruyton, is a large village and civil parish in Shropshire, England. It has a population of around 1,500 people and lies on the River Perry. Nearby is the large village of Baschurch and to the north the smaller village of Wykey...

  • Shrawardine Castle
  • Stapleton Castle
    Stapleton, Shropshire
    Stapleton is a small village in Shropshire, England.It is located about a mile to the north of the village of Dorrington, and just to the west of the A49 road....

  • The Beacon (Bretchel)
    Wollaston, Shropshire
    Wollaston is a small village in Shropshire, England, only a quarter of a mile from the Welsh border.It also was a civil parish, until 2005 when it was abolished and absorbed into the two neighbouring parishes: Alberbury with Cardeston and Westbury....

  • Tong Castle
    Tong Castle
    Tong Castle was a very large mostly Gothic country house in Shropshire, set within a park landscaped by Capability Brown, on the site of a medieval castle of the same name....

  • Tyrley Castle
  • West Felton Castle
    West Felton
    West Felton is a village and civil parish in Shropshire, England. At the 2001 census the parish, which also includes the settlements of Rednal, Grimpo and Haughton, had a population of 1,380....

  • Wilcott Castle
    Nesscliffe
    Nesscliffe is a village in Shropshire, England.The A5 road runs around the village on a new dual-carriageway by-pass and nearby is a small British Army base. It is also the site of a cave used by the highwayman, Humphrey Kynaston. This now forms part of the Nesscliffe Hill Country Park. The village...

  • Wollaston Castle
    Wollaston, Shropshire
    Wollaston is a small village in Shropshire, England, only a quarter of a mile from the Welsh border.It also was a civil parish, until 2005 when it was abolished and absorbed into the two neighbouring parishes: Alberbury with Cardeston and Westbury....

  • Yockleton Castle
    Yockleton
    Yockleton is a village in Shropshire, England.It is west of the county town of Shrewsbury, just off the B4386 road to Montgomery and near to the River Severn....


  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Acton Burnell Castle
    Acton Burnell Castle
    Acton Burnell Castle is a 13th-century fortified manor house, located near the village of Acton Burnell, Shropshire, England . It is believed that the first Parliament of England at which the Commons were fully represented was held here in 1283. Today all that remains is the outer shell of the...

    Fortified manor house Ruins Shell, used as a barn in the 18th century.
    Alberbury Castle
    Alberbury Castle
    Alberbury Castle is in the village of Alberbury, some nine miles north-west of Shrewsbury, Shropshire and very close to the border with Wales. It is a Grade II listed building....

    Castle Fragmentary remains
    Bridgnorth Castle
    Bridgnorth Castle
    Bridgnorth Castle is in the town of Bridgnorth, Shropshire beside the River Severn .The castle was founded in 1101 by Robert de Belleme, the son of the French Earl, Roger de Montgomery, who succeeded his father to become the Earl of Shrewsbury...

    Keep and bailey Fragmentary remains Slighted 1645.
    Broncroft Castle
    Bouldon
    Bouldon is a village in Shropshire, England. Bouldon has no shops, church or school. It has 11 houses including 1 farm and an old pub,that is now a house. It has a converted iron mill which still has the water wheel inside. There is also a house on the site where an old chapel used to be...

    Fortified manor house Intact Private Renovated 19th century.
    Cheney Longville Castle
    Cheney Longville Castle
    Cheney Longville Castle was in the village of Cheney Longville to the north of Craven Arms, Shropshire . It is a much restored 14th century fortified manor house....

    Fortified manor house Part habitable Private Building At Risk.
    Clun Castle
    Clun Castle
    Clun Castle is a ruined castle in the small town of Clun, Shropshire. Clun Castle was established by the Norman lord Robert de Say after the invasion and went on to become an important Marcher lord castle in the 12th century, with an extensive castle-guard system...

    Keep and bailey Fragmentary remains Ruins of keep built onto side of motte.
    Hopton Castle
    Hopton Castle (structure)
    Hopton Castle is situated in the village of the same name which lies approximately half way between Knighton and Craven Arms, in the English county of Shropshire. Hopton Castle featured in the British TV series Time Team in 2010...

    Keep and bailey Ruins
    Ludlow Castle
    Ludlow Castle
    Ludlow Castle is a large, partly ruined, non-inhabited castle which dominates the town of Ludlow in Shropshire, England. It stands on a high point overlooking the River Teme...

    Keep and bailey Ruins
    Earl of Powis
    Earl of Powis
    Earl of Powis is a title that has been created three times. The first creation came in the Peerage of England in 1674 in favour of William Herbert, 3rd Baron Powis. In 1687 he was further honoured when he was made Marquess of Powis...

    One of the great Welsh border castles.
    Moreton Corbet Castle
    Moreton Corbet castle
    Moreton Corbet Castle is an English Heritage property located near the village of Moreton Corbet, Shropshire, England. It is a Grade I listed building. The ruins are from two different eras: a medieval stronghold and an Elizabethan era manor house...

    Keep Fragmentary remains Adjoining ruins of 16th century building.
    Quatford Castle
    Quatford
    Quatford is a village in the Severn Valley, Shropshire, England. It is located on the A442, just south of the town of Bridgnorth and on the bank of the River Severn.-History:...

    Neo-romantic castle Intact Private Nearby are earthwork remains of the medieval Quatford Castle.
    Red Castle
    Hawkstone Park
    Hawkstone Park is an historic landscape park with pleasure grounds and gardens formerly belonging to Hawkstone Hall, near to Market Drayton, in Shropshire, England, UK, one mile east of the A49 road....

    Castle Fragmentary remains. Adapted as feature of Hawkstone Park
    Hawkstone Park
    Hawkstone Park is an historic landscape park with pleasure grounds and gardens formerly belonging to Hawkstone Hall, near to Market Drayton, in Shropshire, England, UK, one mile east of the A49 road....

    , 18th century landscape garden. Building At Risk.
    Rowton Castle
    Rowton Castle
    Rowton Castle, near Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England, is a Grade II* listed country house that was once the home of the Royal Normal College for the Blind before it moved to its present location in Hereford. The house is situated in of grounds about west of Shrewsbury...

    Sham castle Intact Hotel On site of medieval castle, remodelled 1809–12 by George Wyatt.
    Shrewsbury Castle
    Shrewsbury Castle
    Shrewsbury Castle is a red sandstone castle in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England. It stands on a hill in the neck of the meander of the River Severn on which the town originally developed. The castle is situated directly above Shrewsbury railway station....

    Castle Rebuilt
    Shropshire Council
    Shropshire Council
    Shropshire Council is a unitary authority in Shropshire, United Kingdom.It replaced the former two-tier local government structure in the non-metropolitan county of Shropshire on 1 April 2009, which involved its immediate predecessor, Shropshire County Council, and five non-metropolitan districts -...

    Restored and extended 1642, altered c.1790 by Telford
    Thomas Telford
    Thomas Telford FRS, FRSE was a Scottish civil engineer, architect and stonemason, and a noted road, bridge and canal builder.-Early career:...

    .
    Stokesay Castle
    Stokesay Castle
    Stokesay Castle is a fortified manor house in Stokesay, a mile south of the town of Craven Arms, in southern Shropshire. It was built in the late 13th century...

    Fortified manor house Intact Restored 19th century.
    Wattlesborough Castle
    Halfway House, Shropshire
    Halfway House is a village in Shropshire, England, halfway between Shrewsbury and Welshpool on the A458 road.A mile to the north-east at Wattlesborough Hall the 12th century keep of Wattlesborough Castle survives, adjoining an 18th century farmhouse....

    Castle Fragment Private Near Rowton
    Rowton, Shropshire
    Rowton is a small village located seven miles north of the Market Town of Wellington, Shropshire. The area is a Chapelry Division of High Ercall Parish.-History:...

    , keep/tower survives, adjoining Wattlesborough Hall.
    Whittington Castle
    Whittington Castle
    Whittington Castle is a castle in northern Shropshire, England, owned and managed by the Whittington Castle Preservation Fund. The castle was originally a motte-and-bailey castle, but this was replaced in the 13th century by one with buildings around a courtyard whose exterior wall was the curtain...

    Keep and bailey Fragments
    Local community
    Gatehouse towers survive.

    Somerset
    Somerset
    The ceremonial and non-metropolitan county of Somerset in South West England borders Bristol and Gloucestershire to the north, Wiltshire to the east, Dorset to the south-east, and Devon to the south-west. It is partly bounded to the north and west by the Bristol Channel and the estuary of the...



    Castles of which only earthworks or no traces remain include:
    • Ballands Castle
      Ballands Castle
      -History:Balland Castle was a motte and bailey castle, probably built after the Norman conquest of England in 1066, near the village of Penselwood in Somerset...

    • Bridgwater Castle
      Bridgwater Castle
      Bridgwater Castle was a castle in the town of Bridgwater, Somerset, England.-Early history:The castle was built in 1202 by William Brewer, like several other castle-builders of the period, an exceptionally wealthy man. He was granted the lordship of the Manor of Bridgwater by King John in 1201, and...

    • Bury Castle
      Bury Castle, Somerset
      Bury Castle is an Iron Age hill fort and 12th medieval century castle near Selworthy, Somerset, England.-Iron Age:Bury Castle was built as a promontory fort, situated over the meeting of the River Exe and River Haddeo. Hill forts developed in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age, roughly the start of...

  • Cary Castle
    Cary Castle
    Cary Castle stood on Lodge Hill overlooking the town of Castle Cary, Somerset, England. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument.-Details:The motte and bailey castle was built either by Walter of Douai or by his son Robert who also built Bampton Castle in Devon...

  • Castle Batch (Worle)
    Castle Batch
    Castle Batch was a castle at Worle that once stood overlooking the town of Weston-super-Mare in Somerset, England. The present site has an earthwork mound of in diameter which is believed to be the remains of a motte....

  • Castle Neroche
    Castle Neroche
    Castle Neroche is a Norman motte-and-bailey castle on the site of an earlier hill fort in the parish of Curland, near Staple Fitzpaine, Somerset, England. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument.-Location:...

  • Cockroad Wood Castle
    Cockroad Wood Castle
    Cockroad Wood Castle was a castle near Wincanton but now in the parish of Charlton Musgrove, Somerset, England.-History:Cockroad Wood Castle was a motte and bailey castle, probably built after the Norman conquest of England in 1066...

  • Crewkerne Castle
    Crewkerne Castle
    Crewkerne Castle was possibly a Norman motte and bailey castle on a mound that is situated north-west of the town of Crewkerne in Somerset, England.-Details:...

  • Culverhay Castle
    Culverhay Castle
    Culverhay Castle, also known as Englishcombe Castle, was a castle in the village of Englishcombe, Somerset, England.-Details:Culverhay Castle was built in a ringwork design in the town of Englishcombe, Somerset. The ringwork ditch and bank, up to 5 feet deep, is to the east of the village church...

  • Fenny Castle
    Fenny Castle
    Fenny Castle is the remains of a motte and bailey castle in the parish of Wookey, Somerset, England. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument.It is sited on a natural hillock of Lias approximately above the surrounding flat land on the edge of the Somerset Levels...

  • Montacute Castle
    Montacute Castle
    Montacue Castle was a castle built on a hill overlooking the village of Montacute, Somerset, England.-Details:Montacute Castle was built after the Norman Conquest of England in 1066 by Robert of Mortain...

  • Richmont Castle
    Richmont Castle
    Richmont Castle was an 11th century motte-and-bailey castle near the village of East Harptree, Somerset, England. Now totally ruined, it once included parkland, an artificial lake and served as the local minery court.-Location:...

  • Stowey Castle
    Stowey Castle
    Stowey Castle was a Norman motte-and-bailey castle, built in the 11th century, in the village of Nether Stowey on the Quantock Hills in Somerset, England. It has been designated as a Scheduled Ancient Monument....

  • Wimble Toot Castle
    Wimble Toot Castle
    Wimble Toot Castle was a probable castle built near the village of Babcary, Somerset, England.-Details:Wimble Toot Castle is a probable castle built near the village of Babcary, Somerset, between 1067 and 1069...

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Banwell Castle
    Banwell Castle
    Banwell Castle is a Victorian Gothic Revival mansion in Banwell, Somerset, England. It is a Grade II* listed building. The castle buildings, now a hotel and restaurant, and sometimes used as a wedding venue, are set in of grounds which are used for hawking activities.-History:The land on which...

    Neo-romantic castle Intact Restaurant Architect not known.
    Beckington Castle
    Beckington Castle
    Beckington Castle is a historic house in in the village of Beckington, Somerset, England. It is a Grade II* listed building.It was built in the early 17th century on the site of a medieval building. It has been home to various nobility and local businessmen, also serving as a hotel and school...

    Rebuilt Company HQ Medieval remains incorporated in later building.
    Dunster Castle
    Dunster Castle
    Dunster Castle is a former motte and bailey castle, now a country house, in the village of Dunster, Somerset, England. The castle lies on the top of a steep hill called the Tor, and has been fortified since the late Anglo-Saxon period. After the Norman conquest of England in the 11th century,...

    Castle Rebuilt Existing house dates largely from c.1571, with 18–19th century alterations.
    Farleigh Hungerford Castle
    Farleigh Hungerford Castle
    Farleigh Hungerford Castle, sometimes called Farleigh Castle or Farley Castle, is a medieval castle in Farleigh Hungerford, Somerset, England. The castle was built in two phases: the inner court was constructed between 1377 and 1383 by Sir Thomas Hungerford, who made his fortune working as a...

    Enclosure castle Ruins On high ground above the River Frome
    River Frome, Somerset
    The River Frome is a river in Somerset. It rises near Witham Friary, flows north through the town of Frome and joins the River Avon at Freshford, south of Bath....

    .
    Newton St Loe Castle
    Newton St Loe Castle
    Newton St Loe Castle was a fortified manor house in the village of Newton St Loe, Somerset, England.-Details:Newton St Loe Castle was originally built as a fortified manor house, probably in the 12th century, surrounded by Newton Park, then a medieval deer park...

    Fortified manor house Fragment Bath Spa University
    Bath Spa University
    Bath Spa University is a university based in, and around, Bath, England. The institution was previously known as Bath College of Higher Education, and later Bath Spa University College...

    Large tower and gatehouse, altered 16–17th century.
    Nunney Castle
    Nunney Castle
    Nunney Castle is a castle in Nunney, Somerset, England. Built in the late 14th century by Sir John Delamare on the profits of his involvement in the Hundred Years War, the moated castle's architectural style, possibly influenced by the design of French castles, has provoked considerable academic...

    Quadrangular castle Ruins Towers originally had conical roofs, north wall collapsed 1910.
    Stogursey Castle
    Stogursey Castle
    Stogursey Castle is a medieval castle in Somerset, England, now used for holiday rental by the Landmark Trust.-History:Stogursey Castle was built to the south of the village of Stogursey by the family of the De Courcys, probably in the late 11th or early 12th century. The name Stogursey is a...

    Motte and bailey Fragmentary remains Landmark Trust
    Landmark Trust
    The Landmark Trust is a British building conservation charity, founded in 1965 by Sir John and Lady Smith, that rescues buildings of historic interest or architectural merit and then gives them a new life by making them available for holiday rental...

    17th century house built within remains of castle.
    Sutton Court
    Sutton Court
    Sutton Court, Stowey, also known as Stowey Court, is a large English house built on the site of a fourteenth century castle, with sections built in the fifteenth and sixteenth century....

    Fortified manor house Fragment Private apartments Short length of embattled wall and a tower survive, incorporated in large house, restored 19th century.
    Taunton Castle
    Taunton Castle
    Taunton Castle is a castle built to defend the town of Taunton, Somerset, England.It has origins in the Anglo Saxon period and was later the site of a priory. The Normans then built a stone structured castle, which belonged to the Bishops of Winchester...

    Shell keep Restored Now houses Somerset County Museum
    Somerset County Museum
    The Museum of Somerset is located in the 12th century great hall of Taunton Castle, in Taunton in the county of Somerset, England. The museum is run by Somerset County Council and includes objects initially collected by the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society who own the...

    , Castle Hotel
    Castle Hotel, Taunton
    The Castle Hotel at Taunton is a hotel and restaurant located in the centre of Taunton, Somerset, England. The business is located in a Grade II listed 18th century reconstruction of the former 12th century Norman fortress, Taunton Castle.-Building:...

     incorporates remains of an outer gatehouse.
    Walton Castle
    Walton Castle
    Walton Castle is a 17th Century, Grade II listed castle set upon a hill in Clevedon, North Somerset, on the site of an earlier Iron Age hill fort.-History:...

    Sham castle Restored Private Restored as private house 20th century.
    Wells Bishop's Palace
    Bishop's Palace, Wells
    The Bishop's Palace, Wells, Somerset, England, is adjacent to Wells Cathedral and has been the home of the Bishops of the Diocese of Bath and Wells for 800 years....

    Fortified palace Substantially intact
    Church of England
    Church of England
    The Church of England is the officially established Christian church in England and the Mother Church of the worldwide Anglican Communion. The church considers itself within the tradition of Western Christianity and dates its formal establishment principally to the mission to England by St...

    Adjacent to cathedral, residence of the Bishop of Bath and Wells
    Bishop of Bath and Wells
    The Bishop of Bath and Wells heads the Church of England Diocese of Bath and Wells in the Province of Canterbury in England.The present diocese covers the vast majority of the county of Somerset and a small area of Dorset. The Episcopal seat is located in the Cathedral Church of Saint Andrew in...

    .

    South Yorkshire
    South Yorkshire
    South Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England. It has a population of 1.29 million. It consists of four metropolitan boroughs: Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham, and City of Sheffield...



    Castles of which only earthworks, fragments or nothing remains include:
    • Bradfield Castle (Bailey Hill)
      Bradfield, South Yorkshire
      Bradfield is a village and civil parish in the City of Sheffield, in South Yorkshire, England. It is situated in the Peak District. Bradfield itself is divided into two settlements, High Bradfield atop a hill and Low Bradfield in the valley of the River Loxley.Bradfield is the largest parish in...

    • Doncaster Castle
      Doncaster
      Doncaster is a town in South Yorkshire, England, and the principal settlement of the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster. The town is about from Sheffield and is popularly referred to as "Donny"...

  • Hangthwaite Castle
    Hangthwaite
    Hangthwaite Castle was an earthwork motte and bailey castle that stood in the 11th century near Adwick-le-Street, a small town near Doncaster, South Yorkshire, England. In the 13th century, a fortified house called Radcliffe Moat replaced Hangthwaite Castle as a local fortification. Nowadays,...

  • Kimberworth Castle
    Kimberworth
    Kimberworth is a suburb of Rotherham, South Yorkshire, England. It is located in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, about 2.2 miles north west of Rotherham town centre and 4.7 miles north-east of the City of Sheffield....

  • Laughton Castle
    Laughton-en-le-Morthen
    Laughton-en-le-Morthen is a small dormitory village and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham lying to the south of Rotherham, South Yorkshire, England, and its main attraction is the All Saints Church with its huge spire. It has a population of 1,185.- Origin :There are several...

  • Mexborough Castle
    Mexborough
    Mexborough is a town in the metropolitan borough of Doncaster, South Yorkshire, England, situated on the north bank of the River Don west of its confluence with the River Dearne...

  • Sheffield Castle
    Sheffield Castle
    Sheffield Castle was a castle in Sheffield, England, constructed at the confluence of the River Sheaf and the River Don, possibly on the site of a former Anglo-Saxon long house, and dominating the early town. A motte and bailey castle had been constructed on the site at some time in the century...

  • Thorne Castle
  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Conisbrough Castle
    Conisbrough Castle
    Conisbrough Castle is a 12th-century castle in Conisbrough, South Yorkshire, England, whose remains are dominated by the 97-foot high circular keep, which is supported by six buttresses. In the mid-1990s, the keep was restored, with a wooden roof and two floors being rebuilt...

    Keep and bailey Ruins Cylindrical keep, castle ruinous before English Civil War
    English Civil War
    The English Civil War was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists...

    , so escaped slighting.
    Tickhill Castle
    Tickhill Castle
    Tickhill Castle was a castle in Tickhill, on the Nottingham/Yorkshire West Riding border, England and a prominent stronghold during the reign of King John I of England.-Early history:...

    Motte and bailey Fragmentary remains Private Ruined gatehouse and parts of curtain walls remain.

    Staffordshire
    Staffordshire
    Staffordshire is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. For Eurostat purposes, the county is a NUTS 3 region and is one of four counties or unitary districts that comprise the "Shropshire and Staffordshire" NUTS 2 region. Part of the National Forest lies within its borders...


    Castles of which little or nothing remains include:
    • Audley Castle
  • Heighley Castle
    Heighley Castle
    Heighley Castle is a ruined medieval castle situated at Madeley, Staffordshire.The castle was completed by the Audley family in 1233 and for over 300 years was one of their ancestral homes. It was held for Charles I during the English Civil War and was destroyed by Parliamentary forces in the...

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Alton Castle
    Alton Castle
    Alton Castle is in the village of Alton, Staffordshire. The castle is also known as or referred to in historical documents as Alverton or Aulton. The remains of the castle have been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building. It is also a scheduled ancient monument...

    Castle Fragmentary remains Youth centre Cliff-top position, site partly occupied by 19th century building.
    Caverswall Castle
    Caverswall Castle
    Caverswall Castle is a privately owned early 17th century mansion built in a castellar style upon the foundations and within the walls of a 13th century medieval castle. It is a Grade I listed building in Caverswall, Staffordshire....

    Enclosure castle Substantially intact Private Moated, walls and towers reduced in height, 17th century mansion built within.
    Chartley Castle
    Chartley Castle
    Chartley Castle lies in ruins to the north of the village of Stowe-by-Chartley in Staffordshire, between Stafford and Uttoxeter . It is a Grade II* listed building...

    Motte and bailey Fragmentary remains Private Altered in 13th century to form enclosure castle, abandoned by 1485.
    Eccleshall Castle
    Eccleshall Castle
    Eccleshall Castle is located in Eccleshall, Staffordshire, England . It was originally built in the 13th century. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and a Grade II* listed building....

    Castle Fragmentary remains Private Remains partly incorporated into house of c.1695, rebuilt 19th century.
    Stafford Castle
    Stafford Castle
    Stafford Castle lies two miles to the west of Stafford, just off the A518 Stafford-to-Newport Road, and can be seen from the M6 motorway. The stone building is an important early example of a 19th century Gothic Revival Keep. The structure was built on the foundations of its medieval predecessor...

    Motte and bailey Earthworks / Stafford Borough Council Medieval keep partly rebuilt 19th century, then partly demolished.
    Stourton Castle Castle Fragment Private Remains incorporated in later buildings.
    Tamworth Castle
    Tamworth Castle
    Tamworth Castle, a Grade I listed building, is a Norman castle, located next to the River Tame, in the town of Tamworth in Staffordshire, England....

    Shell keep Rebuilt
    Local authority
    Largely rebuilt 16–18th centuries.
    Tutbury Castle
    Tutbury Castle
    Tutbury Castle is a largely ruinous medieval castle at Tutbury, Staffordshire, England, in the ownership of the Duchy of Lancaster. It is a Grade I listed building...

    Motte and bailey Fragmentary ruins Slighted 1647–8, 19th century folly stands on motte.

    Suffolk
    Suffolk
    Suffolk is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in East Anglia, England. It has borders with Norfolk to the north, Cambridgeshire to the west and Essex to the south. The North Sea lies to the east...


    Castles of which only earthworks or no traces remain include:
    • Denham Castle
      Denham Castle
      Denham Castle, also known as Castle Holes, is a medieval motte and bailey castle near the village of Gazeley, Suffolk, England.-History:...

    • Freckenham Castle
  • Great Ashfield Castle
    Great Ashfield Castle
    Great Ashfield Castle, also known locally as Castle Hill, is a medieval motte and bailey castle near the village of Great Ashfield, Suffolk, England.-Details:...

  • Haughley Castle
    Haughley Castle
    Haughley Castle was a medieval castle situated in the village of Haughley, some north-west of the town of Stowmarket, Suffolk. Prominent historians such as J. Wall consider it "the most perfect earthwork of this type in the county," whilst R...

  • Ipswich Castle
    Ipswich Castle
    Ipswich Castle was a medieval castle, now vanished, in the town of Ipswich, Suffolk, England.-History:Ipswich Castle was built after the Norman conquest of England in the town of Ipswich; the exact location is uncertain, with the modern-day Ipswich arboretum or the mount near St Stephen's church...

  • Lidgate Castle
    Lidgate Castle
    Lidgate Castle is a medieval motte and bailey castle in the village of Lidgate, Suffolk, England, built to an unusual quandrangular design.-Details:...

  • Milden Castle
    Milden Castle
    Milden Castle was a motte-and-bailey castle on Foxburrow hill in Milden, a village in Suffolk, England.It was built in the 12th century, but today all that remains is the earth mound upon which it was constructed. The mound is a Scheduled Ancient Monument....


  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Bungay Castle
    Bungay Castle
    Bungay Castle is in the town of Bungay, Suffolk by the River Waveney.-Details:Originally this was a Norman castle built by Roger Bigod, around 1100, which took advantage of the protection given by the curve of the River Waveney...

    Keep and bailey Fragmentary remains / Bungay Castle Trust Abandoned c.1365.
    Clare Castle
    Clare Castle
    Clare Castle is a medieval castle in the small town of Clare in Suffolk, England. Built shortly after the Norman conquest of England by Richard Fitz Gilbert, the motte and bailey castle was later improved in stone. In the 14th century the castle was the home of Elizabeth de Clare, one of the...

    Motte and bailey Fragmentary remains Motte 53 ft (16.2 m) high.
    Eye Castle
    Eye Castle
    Eye Castle is a motte and bailey medieval castle with a prominent Victorian addition in the town of Eye, Suffolk. Built shortly after the Norman conquest of England in 1066, the castle was sacked and largely destroyed in 1265...

    Motte and bailey Fragmentary remains Motte over 40 ft (12.2 m) high.
    Framlingham Castle
    Framlingham Castle
    Framlingham Castle is a castle in the market town of Framlingham in Suffolk in England. An early motte and bailey or ringwork Norman castle was built on the Framlingham site by 1148, but this was destroyed by Henry II of England in the aftermath of the revolt of 1173-4...

    Enclosure castle Ruins Used as poor house 17–19th centuries.
    Mettingham Castle
    Mettingham Castle
    Mettingham Castle was a fortified manor house in the village of Mettingham, Suffolk, England.-Details:Mettingham Castle was formed by Sir John de Norwich, who was given a license to crenellate his existing manor house on the site in 1342...

    Fortified manor house Fragmentary remains Private Gatehouse survives.
    Orford Castle
    Orford Castle
    Orford Castle is a castle in the village of Orford, Suffolk, England, located 12 miles northeast of Ipswich, with views over the Orford Ness. It was built between 1165 and 1173 by Henry II of England to consolidate royal power in the region. The well-preserved keep, described by historian R...

    Keep Intact Unique polygonal keep survives.
    Wingfield Castle
    Wingfield Castle
    Wingfield Castle, Wingfield, Suffolk, England was the ancestral home of the Wingfield family and their heirs, the De La Poles, Earls and Dukes of Suffolk, but is now a private house....

    Castle Fragment Private South curtain wall, gatehouse and east drawbridge
    Drawbridge
    A drawbridge is a type of movable bridge typically associated with the entrance of a castle surrounded by a moat. The term is often used to describe all different types of movable bridges, like bascule bridges and lift bridges.-Castle drawbridges:...

     survive, with 16–17th century house.

    Surrey
    Surrey
    Surrey is a county in the South East of England and is one of the Home Counties. The county borders Greater London, Kent, East Sussex, West Sussex, Hampshire and Berkshire. The historic county town is Guildford. Surrey County Council sits at Kingston upon Thames, although this has been part of...


    Castles of which only little or no traces remain include:
    • Abinger Castle
      Abinger Castle
      Abinger Castle was sited at Abinger Common, between Guildford and Dorking in Surrey .It was built as a motte and bailey castle around 1100 and founded by William fitz Ansculf. It was built of wood and remodelled in 1140. It had a longer life than most castles of this type, surviving until 1153...

    • Betchworth Castle
      Betchworth Castle
      Betchworth Castle is a ruin of a fortified medieval house, near Brockham, built on a sandstone spur overlooking the western bank of the River Mole, Surrey, UK...

  • Bletchingley Castle
    Bletchingley Castle
    Bletchingley Castle is in the village of a Bletchingley in Surrey .Late in the 12th century a rectangular tower was built on an earlier enclosure of earthworks by Richard Fitz Gilbert, founder of the de Clare family...

  • Cranleigh Castle (Broomhall Copse)
    Cranleigh
    Cranleigh is a large village, self-proclaimed the largest in England, and is situated 8 miles south east of Godalming in Surrey. It lies to the east of the A281 which links Guildford with Horsham; neighbouring villages include: Ewhurst, Alfold and Hascombe....

  • Reigate Castle
    Reigate Castle
    Reigate castle is a ruined castle in the market town of Reigate in the county of Surrey, England.-Establishment:King William I granted the land around Reigate to one of his supporters, William de Warenne, who was created Earl of Surrey in 1088...

  • Starborough Castle
  • Thunderfield Castle
  • Walton-on-the-Hill Castle
    Walton-on-the-Hill
    Walton-on-the-Hill, Surrey, is a village in England, situated midway between Reigate and Epsom, just inside the M25 orbital motorway around London. It is situated close to the larger village of Tadworth. Other neighbouring villages include: Kingswood, Burgh Heath, Headley and Box Hill...

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Farnham Castle
    Farnham Castle
    Farnham Castle is a castle in Farnham, Surrey, England .First built in 1138 by Henri de Blois, grandson of William the Conqueror, Bishop of Winchester, the castle was to become the home of the Bishops of Winchester for over 800 years. The original building was demolished by Henry II in 1155 after...

    Keep and bailey Substantially intact Shell keep replaced earlier keep part buried, part remodelled 17th century.
    Guildford Castle
    Guildford Castle
    Guildford Castle is in Guildford, Surrey, England. It is thought to have been built shortly after the 1066 invasion of England by William the Conqueror.-Construction and development:...

    Keep and bailey Ruins
    Local authority
    Tower keep survives, roofless since c.17th century.

    Tyne and Wear
    Tyne and Wear
    Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in north east England around the mouths of the Rivers Tyne and Wear. It came into existence as a metropolitan county in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972...


    Castles of which little remains include:
    • Burradon Tower
      Burradon Tower
      Burradon Tower is a ruinous tower house at Burradon, North Tyneside, England which is both a Scheduled Ancient Monument and a Grade II listed building....

  • Heaton Castle
  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Hylton Castle
    Hylton Castle
    Hylton Castle is a ruined stone castle in the North Hylton area of Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, England. Originally built from wood by the Hilton family shortly after the Norman Conquest in 1066, it was later rebuilt in stone in the late 14th to early 15th century...

    Tower house Ruins Large gatehouse tower, incorporated into 18th century house, since demolished.
    Newcastle Castle Keep and bailey Restored / Newcastle City Council
    Newcastle City Council
    Newcastle City Council is the local government authority for Newcastle upon Tyne, a city in Tyne and Wear, England. The council consists of 78 councillors, three for each of the city's 26 wards...

    Keep and gatehouse survive.
    Old Hollinside
    Whickham
    Whickham is a town in North East England, four miles south west of Newcastle upon Tyne and four and a half miles west of Gateshead. Whickham is part of the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead. Its postal address is Whickham, Newcastle upon Tyne. Whickham is situated on high ground overlooking the...

    Fortified manor house Ruins On slope overlooking River Derwent
    River Derwent, North East England
    The River Derwent is a river on the border between County Durham and Northumberland in the north east of England. It broadens into the Derwent Reservoir, west of Consett. The Derwent is a tributary of the River Tyne, which it joins near the MetroCentre...

    .
    Ravensworth Castle Quadrangular castle Ruins Private Two towers of medieval castle survive, amidst ruins of later building. Building At Risk.
    Tynemouth Castle Enclosure castle Ruins Built to enclose and protect the priory
    Priory
    A priory is a house of men or women under religious vows that is headed by a prior or prioress. Priories may be houses of mendicant friars or religious sisters , or monasteries of monks or nuns .The Benedictines and their offshoots , the Premonstratensians, and the...

    , modified as artillery castle 16th century.

    Warwickshire
    Warwickshire
    Warwickshire is a landlocked non-metropolitan county in the West Midlands region of England. The county town is Warwick, although the largest town is Nuneaton. The county is famous for being the birthplace of William Shakespeare...


    Castles of which only earthworks or vestiges remain include:
    • Baginton Castle
    • Beaudesert Castle
      Beaudesert Castle
      Beaudesert Castle was in the village of Beaudesert to the east of Henley-in-Arden, Warwickshire . It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument.A motte and bailey castle was built following the Norman conquest possibly on the site of an ancient British fort. A stone castle was built, probably in the 13th...

    • Brailes Castle
  • Brandon Castle
    Brandon Castle
    Brandon Castle was sited overlooking the River Avon between the virtually adjacent villages of Brandon and Wolston in Warwickshire which in turn lie between the towns of Rugby and Coventry ....

  • Brinklow Castle
    Brinklow Castle
    Brinklow Castle known locally as ,the Tump, is a medieval castle in the village of Brinklow in the county of Warwickshire between Coventry and Rugby.-History:...

  • Caludon Castle
  • Fillongley Castle
    Fillongley
    Fillongley is a village in the North Warwickshire district of the county of Warwickshire in England.The village is centred around the crossroads of the B4102 and the B4098 and Tamworth....

  • Hartshill Castle
    Hartshill Castle
    Hartshill Castle was a castle in the village of Hartshill on the outskirts of Nuneaton, Warwickshire .It was built as a motte and bailey castle in the 12th century by Hugh de Hardreshull in 1125. Robert de Hartshill was killed alongside Simon de Montford in the Battle of Evesham in 1265 and the...

  • Halford Castle
    Halford, Warwickshire
    Halford is a small village and civil parish in the English county of Warwickshire. It is located south-east of Stratford-on-Avon.By the River Stour are the earthworks and buried remains of Halford Castle, a motte castle believed to be the predecessor of the present manor house....

  • King John's Castle
  • Kingsbury Hall
    Kingsbury
    Kingsbury is an area in the London Borough of Brent, northwest London. The name Kingsbury means "The King's Manor".-History:Kingsbury was historically a small parish in the Hundred of Gore and county of Middlesex. Until the nineteenth century it was largely rural with only scattered settlements....

  • Ratley Castle
    Ratley
    Ratley is a village in the civil parish of Ratley and Upton, South Warwickshire, England. It lies on the north west side of the Edge Hill escarpment about 200m above sea level...

  • Seckington Castle
    Seckington
    Seckington is a village and civil parish located near the B5493 road in the North Warwickshire district, in the county of Warwickshire, England. Seckington has a church called All Saints Church, Seckington and a castle called Seckington Castle. Seckington was recorded in the Domesday Book as...

  • Studley Old Castle
    Studley
    Studley is a large village and civil parish in the Stratford-on-Avon district of Warwickshire, England. Situated on the western edge of Warwickshire near the border with Worcestershire it is southeast of Redditch and northwest of Stratford. The Roman road of Ryknild Street, now the A435, passes...


  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Astley Castle
    Astley Castle
    Astley Castle is a ruinous moated fortified 16th century manor house in North Warwickshire. It has been listed as a Grade II* listed building since 1951 and as a Scheduled Ancient Monument since 1994...

    Fortified manor house Ruins Landmark Trust
    Landmark Trust
    The Landmark Trust is a British building conservation charity, founded in 1965 by Sir John and Lady Smith, that rescues buildings of historic interest or architectural merit and then gives them a new life by making them available for holiday rental...

    Altered 15–19th centuries, hotel until fire in 1978. Building At Risk.
    Kenilworth Castle
    Kenilworth Castle
    Kenilworth Castle is located in the town of the same name in Warwickshire, England. Constructed from Norman through to Tudor times, the castle has been described by architectural historian Anthony Emery as "the finest surviving example of a semi-royal palace of the later middle ages, significant...

    Keep and bailey Ruins Altered 16th century, slighted 1650.
    Maxstoke Castle
    Maxstoke Castle
    Maxstoke Castle is a privately owned moated castle dating from medieval times situated to the north of Maxstoke, Warwickshire.-Details:It was built by Sir William de Clinton, 1st Earl of Huntingdon, in 1345 to a rectangular plan, with octagonal towers at each angle , a gatehouse on the east, and a...

    Quadrangular castle Substantially intact NGS Moated, domestic buildings of 15–19th centuries within curtain walls.
    Warwick Castle
    Warwick Castle
    Warwick Castle is a medieval castle in Warwick, the county town of Warwickshire, England. It sits on a bend on the River Avon. The castle was built by William the Conqueror in 1068 within or adjacent to the Anglo-Saxon burh of Warwick. It was used as a fortification until the early 17th century,...

    Castle Intact Guy's tower rises 128 ft (39 m), 17th century residential block, remodelled by Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin
    Anthony Salvin was an English architect. He gained a reputation as an expert on medieval buildings and applied this expertise to his new buildings and his restorations...

     after fire.

    West Midlands
    West Midlands (county)
    The West Midlands is a metropolitan county in western central England with a 2009 estimated population of 2,638,700. It came into existence as a metropolitan county in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972, formed from parts of Staffordshire, Worcestershire and Warwickshire. The...


    Castles of which little or no traces remain include:
    • Bromwich Castle
      Bromwich Castle
      Bromwich Castle was in the large village now called Castle Bromwich in the West Midlands.The remains of a motte and bailey castle have been largely destroyed by the construction of the M6 motorway...

  • Coventry Castle
    Coventry Castle
    Coventry Castle was a motte and bailey castle in the city of Coventry, England .It was built in the 11th century by Ranulf Meschines, Earl of Chester, probably out of wood initially...

  • Weoley Castle
    Weoley Castle
    -External links:****** - Educational teaching sessions and resources at Weoley Castle* - fun and games for children based on Weoley Castle...

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Dudley Castle
    Dudley Castle
    Dudley Castle is a ruined castle in the town of Dudley, West Midlands, England. Dudley Zoo is located in its grounds. The location, Castle Hill, is an outcrop of Wenlock Group limestone that was extensively quarried during the Industrial Revolution, and which now along with Wren's Nest Hill is a...

    Keep and bailey Ruins
    Dudley Zoo
    Dudley Zoo
    Dudley Zoological Gardens is a zoo located within the grounds of Dudley Castle in the town of Dudley, in the Black Country region of the West Midlands, England...

    Slighted in 1647, then rebuilt and inhabited until destroyed by fire in 1750, partly restored 19th century.

    West Sussex
    West Sussex
    West Sussex is a county in the south of England, bordering onto East Sussex , Hampshire and Surrey. The county of Sussex has been divided into East and West since the 12th century, and obtained separate county councils in 1888, but it remained a single ceremonial county until 1974 and the coming...


    Castles of which only little or no traces remain include:
    • Chichester Castle
      Chichester Castle
      Chichester Castle stood in the city of the same name in West Sussex . Shortly after the Norman Conquest of England, Roger de Montgomerie, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, ordered the construction of a castle at Chichester. The castle at Chichester was one of 11 fortified sites to be established in Sussex...

  • (Old) Knepp Castle
    Knepp Castle
    The medieval Knepp Castle is to the west of the village of West Grinstead, West Sussex, England near the River Adur and the A24 . The name is though to come from the Old English word "cnæp", referring to the mound on which it stands....

  • Midhurst Castle
    Midhurst
    Midhurst is a market town and civil parish in the Chichester district of West Sussex, England, with a population of 4,889 in 2001. The town is situated on the River Rother and is home to the ruin of the Tudor Cowdray House and the stately Victorian Cowdray Park...

  • Pulborough Castle
    Pulborough
    Pulborough is a large village and civil parish in the Horsham district of West Sussex, England, with some 5,000 inhabitants. It is located almost centrally within West Sussex and is south west of London. It is at the junction of the north-south A29 and the east-west roads.The village is near the...

  • Sedgwick Castle
    Sedgwick, West Sussex
    Sedgwick is a small hamlet, located about 3 miles south of Horsham in West Sussex, England.Nearby is Sedgwick Park, a largely nineteenth century house but with one wing possibly dating from 1608. In the extensive grounds are the fragmentary remains of the medieval Sedgwick Castle, surrounded by a...

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Amberley Castle
    Amberley Castle
    Amberley Castle is in the village of Amberley, West Sussex . It is a Grade I listed building.It was erected as a 12th century manor house and fortified in 1377...

    Castle Partly habitable Hotel Remodelled 16th century and later, incorporates 12th century manor, working portcullis
    Portcullis
    A portcullis is a latticed grille made of wood, metal, fibreglass or a combination of the three. Portcullises fortified the entrances to many medieval castles, acting as a last line of defence during time of attack or siege...

    .
    Arundel Castle
    Arundel Castle
    Arundel Castle in Arundel, West Sussex, England is a restored medieval castle. It was founded by Roger de Montgomery on Christmas Day 1067. Roger became the first to hold the earldom of Arundel by the graces of William the Conqueror...

    Keep and bailey Heavily restored
    Duke of Norfolk
    Duke of Norfolk
    The Duke of Norfolk is the premier duke in the peerage of England, and also, as Earl of Arundel, the premier earl. The Duke of Norfolk is, moreover, the Earl Marshal and hereditary Marshal of England. The seat of the Duke of Norfolk is Arundel Castle in Sussex, although the title refers to the...

    Remodelled 1791–1815 and 1890–1903.
    Bramber Castle
    Bramber Castle
    Bramber Castle is a Norman motte-and-bailey castle in the village of Bramber, West Sussex overlooking the River Adur .William De Braose constructed the castle c1070, along with the Norman church, on a natural mound and most of the surviving masonry dates from this time...

    Keep and bailey Fragmentary remains Commanding position, earthworks and fragment of wall remain.
    Halnaker House
    Halnaker
    Halnaker is a hamlet in the Chichester district of West Sussex, England. It lies on the A285 road 3.5 miles northeast of Chichester, where it follows the line of the Roman road to London called Stane Street. There is a traditional pub, The Anglesey Arms and a blacksmiths shop. Goodwood House is...

    Fortified manor house Ruins Private Altered 18th century, fell into ruin 1880s, replaced by later house of same name.

    West Yorkshire
    West Yorkshire
    West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county within the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England with a population of 2.2 million. West Yorkshire came into existence as a metropolitan county in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972....

    Castles of which only earthworks or no traces remain include:
    • Almondbury Castle
      Castle Hill, Huddersfield
      Taken and adapted from Rumsby, J. 'A Castle Well Guarded: the archaeology and history of Castle Hill, Almondbury' Castle Hill is a Scheduled Ancient Monument situated on a hilltop overlooking Huddersfield, in the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees. It has been settled for at least 4,000 years....

    • Bardsey Castle
      Bardsey, West Yorkshire
      Bardsey, West Yorkshire, England is a small village in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, north east of Leeds city centre. The village is in the LS17 Leeds postcode district. It is part of the civil parish of Bardsey cum Rigton...

  • Barwick-in-Elmet Castle
    Barwick-in-Elmet Castle
    Barwick-in-Elmet Castle was in the village of Barwick-in-Elmet, West Yorkshire, England to the east of Leeds .Originally the site of an Iron Age hill fort, a motte and bailey castle was erected by the Norman Ilbert de Lacy on the southern end of the hill fort. Most of the bailey to the east of...

  • Sowerby Castle
  • Wakefield Castle
    Wakefield Castle
    Wakefield Castle, Lowe Hill or Lawe Hill was a castle built in the 12th century on a hill on the north side of the River Calder near Wakefield. Its name derives from the Anglo Saxon hlaew meaning a mound or cairn, possibly a burial mound or barrow...

  • Wetherby Castle
    Wetherby
    Wetherby is a market town and civil parish within the metropolitan borough of the City of Leeds, in West Yorkshire, England. It stands on the River Wharfe, and has been for centuries a crossing place and staging post on the Great North Road, being mid-way between London and Edinburgh...

  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Dobroyd Castle
    Dobroyd castle
    Dobroyd Castle is an important historic building above the town of Todmorden, West Yorkshire, England. It was built for John Fielden, local mill owner and son of Honest John Fielden the Social Reformer and MP.The building has had a varied past...

    Sham Castle Intact Activity centre By John Gibson
    John Gibson (architect)
    John Gibson was an English architect born in Warwickshire.Gibson was an assistant to Sir Charles Barry and assisted him in the drawings of the Houses of Parliament....

    .
    Harewood Castle
    Harewood Castle
    Harewood Castle is a 12th-century stone hall house and courtyard fortress, located on the Harewood Estate, Harewood, in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England . Harewood Castle is a grade I listed building.-History:...

    Tower house Ruins Private Shell of tower, substantially intact, within Harewood House
    Harewood House
    Harewood House is a country house located in Harewood , near Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. It is a member of Treasure Houses of England, a marketing consortium for nine of the foremost stately homes in England...

     estate.
    Pontefract Castle
    Pontefract Castle
    Pontefract Castle is a castle in the town of Pontefract, in the City of Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England. It was the site of the demise of Richard II of England, and later the place of a series of famous sieges during the English Civil War-History:...

    Enclosure castle Fragmentary remains
    Local authority
    Royal castle, withstood three sieges during English Civil War
    English Civil War
    The English Civil War was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists...

    , afterwards dismantled.
    Sandal Castle
    Sandal Castle
    Sandal Castle is a ruined medieval castle in Sandal Magna, a suburb of the city of Wakefield in West Yorkshire, overlooking the River Calder. It was the site of royal intrigue, the opening of one of William Shakespeare's plays, and was the source for a common children's nursery rhyme.-The...

    Motte and bailey Fragmentary remains Well-preserved earthworks, excavated site with visitor centre.

    Wiltshire
    Wiltshire
    Wiltshire is a ceremonial county in South West England. It is landlocked and borders the counties of Dorset, Somerset, Hampshire, Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire and Berkshire. It contains the unitary authority of Swindon and covers...


    Castles of which only little or no traces remain include:
    • Ashton Keynes Castle
      Ashton Keynes Castle
      Ashton Keynes Castle was in the village of Ashton Keynes, near to the town of Cricklade in Wiltshire .The castle was founded in the 12th century by the Keynes family. Only the earthworks now remain.-See also:...

    • Bincknoll Castle
      Bincknoll Castle
      Bincknol Castle or Bincknoll Camp, is the site of an Iron Age univallate hillfort located in Wiltshire.The site lies on the end of a triangular promentary on the escarpment beneath the Ridgeway to the South. The steeply contoured sides offer excellent natural defences with only the level lands to...

    • Castle Combe Castle
      Castle Combe Castle
      Castle Combe Castle stood to the north of the village of Castle Combe, Wiltshire, England. .It was a medieval motte and bailey castle standing on a limestone spur. It was unusual in that it had a keep with at least four and possibly five baileys...

  • Castle Orchard
    Stourton, Wiltshire
    Stourton is a village in Wiltshire, England, at . The village is close to the county boundary with Somerset and about south of the Somerset market town of Frome.Stourton is part of the Stourhead estate, now in the ownership of the National Trust....

  • Lewisham Castle
  • Malmesbury Castle
    Malmesbury Castle
    -Details:The town of Malmesbury was an important settlement in the early medieval period, both as a trading centre and as the site of Malmesbury Abbey. Early in the 12th century the Abbey came under the control of Bishop Roger of Salisbury who built a motte and bailey castle close to the abbey...

  • Marlborough Castle
    Marlborough Castle
    Marlborough Castle, locally known and recorded in historical documents as The Mount, was an 11th-century royal castle located in the civil parish of Marlborough, a market town in the English county of Wiltshire, on the Old Bath Road, the old main road from London to Bath...

  • Mere Castle
    Mere, Wiltshire
    Mere is a small town in Wiltshire, England. It lies at the extreme southwestern tip of Salisbury Plain close to the borders of Somerset and Dorset....

  • Norwood Castle
  • Sherrington Castle
  • Stapleford Castle
    Stapleford, Wiltshire
    Stapleford is a village and civil parish about north of Wilton, Wiltshire, England. The village is on the River Till just above its confluence with the River Wylye...


  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Devizes Castle
    Devizes Castle
    Devizes Castle was in the town of Devizes, Wiltshire, England .The first motte and bailey castle on this site was built in 1080 by Osmund, Bishop of Salisbury. This castle burnt down in 1113 and was rebuilt in stone by Roger, Bishop of Salisbury, by 1120. He occupied it under Henry I and later...

    Neo-romantic castle Intact Private apartments Present building begun 1842 on site of important medieval castle.
    Longford Castle
    Longford Castle
    Longford Castle is located on the banks of the River Avon south of Salisbury, Wiltshire, England.In 1573 Thomas Gorges, of Langford acquired the manor , which was originally owned by the Cervingtons. Prior to this the existing mansion house had been damaged by fire...

    Sham castle Intact Earl of Radnor
    Earl of Radnor
    Earl of Radnor is a title which has been created two times. It was first created in the Peerage of England in 1679 for John Robartes, 2nd Baron Robartes, a notable political figure of the reign of Charles II. He was made Viscount Bodmin at the same time. Robartes was the son of Richard Robartes,...

    Remodelled 18th century.
    Ludgershall Castle
    Ludgershall, Wiltshire
    Ludgershall is a town and civil parish north east of Salisbury, Wiltshire, at grid SU264509. The population was: 535 in 1831; 1,906 in 1951; and 3,775 in 2001. Ludgershall is now officially a town.-Historical features:...

    Ringwork Fragmentary remains Remains of a tower and extensive earthworks.
    Old Sarum Castle
    Old Sarum
    Old Sarum is the site of the earliest settlement of Salisbury, in England. The site contains evidence of human habitation as early as 3000 BC. Old Sarum is mentioned in some of the earliest records in the country...

    Motte and bailey Fragmentary remains On site of Iron Age
    Iron Age
    The Iron Age is the archaeological period generally occurring after the Bronze Age, marked by the prevalent use of iron. The early period of the age is characterized by the widespread use of iron or steel. The adoption of such material coincided with other changes in society, including differing...

     hill fort
    Hill fort
    A hill fort is a type of earthworks used as a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage. They are typically European and of the Bronze and Iron Ages. Some were used in the post-Roman period...

    .
    Old Wardour Castle Castle Ruins Remodelled 16–17th centuries, superseded by Palladian building known as New Wardour Castle
    New Wardour Castle
    New Wardour Castle is an English country house at Wardour, near Tisbury in Wiltshire, built for the Arundell family. The house is of a Palladian style, designed by the architect James Paine with additional pieces from Giacomo Quarenghi, who was a principal architect of the Imperial Russian capital...

    .

    Worcestershire
    Worcestershire
    Worcestershire is a non-metropolitan county, established in antiquity, located in the West Midlands region of England. For Eurostat purposes it is a NUTS 3 region and is one of three counties that comprise the "Herefordshire, Worcestershire and Warwickshire" NUTS 2 region...

    Castles of which only earthworks remain include:
    • Castlemorton Castle
      Castlemorton
      Castlemorton is a village and civil parish close to Malvern in the Malvern Hills District in the county of Worcestershire, England.It consists of a village centre, a large common and many farms and houses within the area...

    • Elmley Castle
      Elmley Castle (castle)
      Elmley Castle, formerly located 1km south of the village of Elmley Castle in Worcestershire, was a late 11th century earthwork castle which received stone additions in the 12th and possibly 13th centuries.-History:...

  • Hanley Castle
  • Homme Castle
    Homme Castle
    Homme Castle was situated 1 mile to the east of the village of Clifton-upon-Teme which is some 4 miles south of Great Witley, Worcestershire ....

  • Inkberrow Castle
    Inkberrow Castle
    Inkberrow Castle was situated in the village of Inkberrow in Worcestershire, some 10 km south of Redditch .It was a castle built between 1154 and 1216 which was destroyed in 1233. A moat remains which may be that of the castle or of a later manor house built on or near the site of the castle...

  • Leigh Castle
  • Tenbury Wells Castle
    Tenbury Wells
    Tenbury Wells is a market town and civil parish in the north-western extremity of the Malvern Hills District administrative area of Worcestershire, England. The 2001 census reported a population of 3,316.-Geography:...


  • Name Type Date Condition Image Ownership / Access Notes
    Caldwall Castle Fortified manor house Fragment Private Single surviving tower, in Kidderminster
    Kidderminster
    Kidderminster is a town, in the Wyre Forest district of Worcestershire, England. It is located approximately seventeen miles south-west of Birmingham city centre and approximately fifteen miles north of Worcester city centre. The 2001 census recorded a population of 55,182 in the town...

    , Caldwall or Caldwell.
    Hartlebury Castle
    Hartlebury Castle
    Hartlebury Castle, a Grade I listed building, in Worcestershire, central England, was built in the mid-13th century as a fortified manor house on land given to the Bishop of Worcester by King Burgred of Mercia. It lies near Stourport town in north Worcestershire. The manor of Hartlebury...

    Fortified manor house Rebuilt
    Church of England
    Church of England
    The Church of England is the officially established Christian church in England and the Mother Church of the worldwide Anglican Communion. The church considers itself within the tradition of Western Christianity and dates its formal establishment principally to the mission to England by St...

    15th century remains incorporated in later buildings, residence of Bishop of Worcester
    Bishop of Worcester
    The Bishop of Worcester is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Worcester in the Province of Canterbury, England. He is the head of the Diocese of Worcester in the Province of Canterbury...

     until 2007, houses Worcestershire County Museum
    Worcestershire County Museum
    Worcestershire County Museum is a local museum at Hartlebury Castle in Hartlebury, Worcester, England, run by the Worcestershire County Museum Service, part of the Worcestershire County Council....

    .
    Holt Castle Castle Intact Wedding venue Medieval tower incorporated in later buildings.
    Worcester Castle
    Worcester Castle
    Worcester Castle was a Norman fortification built between 1068 and 1069 in Worcester, England by Urse d'Abetot on behalf of William the Conqueror. The castle had a motte-and-bailey design and was located on the south side of the old Anglo-Saxon city, cutting into the grounds of Worcester Cathedral...

    Castle Fragment Church of England
    Church of England
    The Church of England is the officially established Christian church in England and the Mother Church of the worldwide Anglican Communion. The church considers itself within the tradition of Western Christianity and dates its formal establishment principally to the mission to England by St...

    Edgar Tower, now the entrance to College Green, may incorporate the remains of a castle gatehouse.

    See also

    • List of castles
    • List of historic houses in England
    • Maps of castles in England by county
      Maps of castles in England by county
      The castles displayed on each map are those listed in the List of castles in England for the corresponding county or area.Click on the red or green dot to display a detailed map showing the location of the castle...

    • Abbeys and priories in England
      Abbeys and priories in England
      Abbeys and priories in England lists abbeys, priories, friaries and other monastic religious houses in England.-Article layout:The list is presented alphabetically by ceremonial county...

    • Castles in Great Britain and Ireland
    • Castles in the Isle of Man
    • Castles in Scotland
      Castles in Scotland
      This list of castles in Scotland is a link page for any castle in Scotland.A castle is a type of fortified structure built during the Middle Ages. Scholars debate the scope of the word castle, but usually consider it to be the private fortified residence of a lord or noble...

    • Castles in Wales
      Castles in Wales
      This is a List of Castles in Wales, sometimes said to be "the castle capital of the world". Wales has about 400 castles, of which over 100 are still standing, either as ruins or as restored buildings...

    • Castles in Northern Ireland
      Castles in Northern Ireland
      The following is a partial list of castles in Northern Ireland:- County Antrim :* Antrim Castle * Ballycastle Castle* Ballygally Castle* Ballylough Castle* Belfast Castle* Carra Castle, ruins* Carrickfergus Castle, Restored Castle...

    • British military history
      British military history
      The Military history of Britain, including the military history of the United Kingdom and the military history of the island of Great Britain, is discussed in the following articles:...


    External links