Carlsberg Laboratory

Carlsberg Laboratory

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The Carlsberg Laboratory in Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Copenhagen is the capital and largest city of Denmark, with an urban population of 1,199,224 and a metropolitan population of 1,930,260 . With the completion of the transnational Øresund Bridge in 2000, Copenhagen has become the centre of the increasingly integrating Øresund Region...

, Denmark
Denmark
Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The countries of Denmark and Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute the Kingdom of Denmark . It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark...

 was created in 1875 by J. C. Jacobsen, the founder of the Carlsberg brewery, for the sake of advancing biochemical knowledge, especially relating to brewing. It featured a Department of Chemistry and a Department of Physiology. In 1972, the laboratory was renamed the Carlsberg Research
Center and was transferred to the brewery.

The Carlsberg Laboratory was widely known as a productive and pleasant place for protein science, and enjoyed a series of illustrious directors, including Johan Kjeldahl
Johan Kjeldahl
Johan Gustav Christoffer Thorsager Kjeldahl , was a Danish chemist who developed a method for determining the amount of nitrogen in certain organic compounds using a laboratory technique which was named the Kjeldahl method after him....

,
S. P. L. Sørensen
S. P. L. Sørensen
Søren Peder Lauritz Sørensen was a Danish chemist, famous for the introduction of the concept of pH, a scale for measuring acidity and basicity. He was born in Havrebjerg, Denmark....

, and Kaj Ulrik Linderstrøm-Lang.

The Carlsberg Laboratory was also famous for isolating Saccharomyces carlsbergensis, the species
Species
In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biological classification and a taxonomic rank. A species is often defined as a group of organisms capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring. While in many cases this definition is adequate, more precise or differing measures are...

 of yeast
Yeast
Yeasts are eukaryotic micro-organisms classified in the kingdom Fungi, with 1,500 species currently described estimated to be only 1% of all fungal species. Most reproduce asexually by mitosis, and many do so by an asymmetric division process called budding...

 responsible for lager fermentation
Fermentation (food)
Fermentation in food processing typically is the conversion of carbohydrates to alcohols and carbon dioxide or organic acids using yeasts, bacteria, or a combination thereof, under anaerobic conditions. Fermentation in simple terms is the chemical conversion of sugars into ethanol...

, as well as for introducing the concept of pH
PH
In chemistry, pH is a measure of the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution. Pure water is said to be neutral, with a pH close to 7.0 at . Solutions with a pH less than 7 are said to be acidic and solutions with a pH greater than 7 are basic or alkaline...

 in acid-base chemistry.

Research from the Carlsberg Laboratory was published in its journal, Comptes rendus des travaux du laboratoire Carlsberg, which is often abbreviated to Compt. rend. trav. lab. Carlsberg or simply C. R. Trav. Lab. Carlsberg.

Directors

Name Period
Johan Kjeldahl
Johan Kjeldahl
Johan Gustav Christoffer Thorsager Kjeldahl , was a Danish chemist who developed a method for determining the amount of nitrogen in certain organic compounds using a laboratory technique which was named the Kjeldahl method after him....

1876–1900
S. P. L. Sørensen
S. P. L. Sørensen
Søren Peder Lauritz Sørensen was a Danish chemist, famous for the introduction of the concept of pH, a scale for measuring acidity and basicity. He was born in Havrebjerg, Denmark....

1901–1938
Kaj Ulrik Linderstrøm-Lang 1938–1959
Martin Ottesen 1959–1987
Klaus Bock 1988–2006
Jens Ø. Duus 2006–present

See also

  • Emil Christian Hansen
    Emil Christian Hansen
    Emil Christian Hansen was a Danish mycologist and fermentation physiologist.Born in Ribe, he financed his education by writing novels and he was awarded a gold medal in 1876 for an essay on fungi....

  • Carsten Olsen
    Carsten Olsen
    Carsten Erik Olsen was a Danish plant ecologist and plant physiologist, who pioneered the study of plant nutrition in soils of different pH. He was born in Copenhagen and began studies of botany at the University of Copenhagen in 1910, at first with professor Eugenius Warming, then with professor...

  • Carlsberg
  • J. C. Jacobsen
  • Carlsberg Foundation
    Carlsberg Foundation
    Carlsberg Foundation was founded by J. C. Jacobsen in 1876 and owns 30,3% of the shares in Carlsberg Group and has 74,2% of the voting power.The purpose of the foundation is to run and fund Carlsberg Laboratory, the museum at Frederiksborg Palace, to fund scientific research, run the Ny Carlsberg...