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The C-602, also known as YJ-62, is a Chinese subsonic anti-ship missile
Anti-ship missile
Anti-ship missiles are guided missiles that are designed for use against ships and large boats. Most anti-ship missiles are of the sea-skimming type, many use a combination of inertial guidance and radar homing...

 that can also be used as a land attack cruise missile.

C-602 made its public debut in China at the end of 2006 during the 6th Zhuhai
Zhuhai is a prefecture-level city on the southern coast of Guangdong province in the People's Republic of China. Located in the Pearl River Delta, Zhuhai borders Jiangmen to the northwest, Zhongshan to the north, and Macau to the south. Zhuhai was one of the original Special Economic Zones...

 Airshow, though the name begun first appear in 2005. The missile is reportedly deployed onboard Type 052C destroyer. The subsonic missile has a designation of YJ-62, with YJ short for Ying Ji (Yingji, 鹰击), meaning Eagle Strike. In addition to anti-shipping capability, the missile is also capable of land attack. The missile has a maximum range in excess of 400 kilometres (248.5 mi), though the exact number is uncertain, but for the export version, the maximum range is reduced to 280 kilometres (174 mi) to meet the international arms trade regulation which limits the maximum range below 300 kilometres (186.4 mi). The maximum speed of the missile is greater than Mach
Mach number
Mach number is the speed of an object moving through air, or any other fluid substance, divided by the speed of sound as it is in that substance for its particular physical conditions, including those of temperature and pressure...

 0.9 but this speed is greatly reduced over the rugged terrain when used for land-attack missions. The missile can be launched in Sea State 6 environment. The cruising altitude over the ground can be as low as 30 metres (98.4 ft) while the cruising altitude over the sea can be as low as 10 metres (32.8 ft). During the terminal attack phase against ships, the altitude is further decreased to 7 metres (23 ft) above sea level. The missile is propelled by a turbojet engine with a solid fuel rocket booster weighing around 200 kilograms (440.9 lb).

The missile is equipped with a “mono-pulse frequency agile (active) radar seeker” with a maximum detection range in excess of 40 kilometres (24.9 mi) and a maximum lock-on range of 30 kilometres (18.6 mi). The sector of the scan of the seeker is ± 40 degrees. For the midcourse flight, inertial guidance is used with the help of strap-down inertial measurement unit (IMU) and GPS
Global Positioning System
The Global Positioning System is a space-based global navigation satellite system that provides location and time information in all weather, anywhere on or near the Earth, where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites...

 for the export version, while domestic version also incorporated GLONASS
GLONASS , acronym for Globalnaya navigatsionnaya sputnikovaya sistema or Global Navigation Satellite System, is a radio-based satellite navigation system operated for the Russian government by the Russian Space Forces...

 and domestic navigational systems. A variety of warhead could be adopted, and the fuse for the anti-ship version is “delayed electro-mechanical contact fuse
Contact fuse
A contact fuze, percussion fuze or direct-action fuze is the fuze that is placed in the nose of a bomb or shell so that it will detonate on contact with a hard surface....

”. The mid-body wings which deploy following launch. The engine inlet is mounted slightly forward of the cruciform tail fins. The missile has incorporated the capability similar to the Boeing Harpoon
Boeing Harpoon
The Harpoon is an all-weather, over-the-horizon, anti-ship missile system, developed and manufactured by McDonnell Douglas . In 2004, Boeing delivered the 7,000th Harpoon unit since the weapon's introduction in 1977...

, so that it could abandon the original target and switch to more threatening ones should such threat arise, but it is not clear whether this capability in built-in like the Boeing Harpoon or achieved via data link, or a combination of both. A new version of the missile with turbofan
The turbofan is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used for aircraft propulsion. A turbofan combines two types of engines, the turbo portion which is a conventional gas turbine engine, and the fan, a propeller-like ducted fan...

 engine has already being completed and the submarine and air-launched version (tested on a version of Xian H-6
Xian H-6
The Xian H-6 is a license-built version of the Soviet Tupolev Tu-16 twin-engine jet bomber, built for the Chinese People's Liberation Army Air Force....

) are also reported to be under development. However, such reports have yet to be confirmed because many domestic Chinese sources have disputed the missile in the photo by claiming it might have been a cruise missile instead. The missile was authorized for export by the Chinese government in 2005, and in order to comply with international regulations on arms export regarding missiles, the maximum range is reduced to 280 kilometres (174 mi).

  • Length: 6.1 metres (20 ft)
  • Diameter: 0.54 metres (1.8 ft)
  • Weight: 1.24 tonnes (1.2 LT) (including the 110 kilograms (242.5 lb) booster)
  • Warhead: 300 kilograms (661.4 lb)
  • Minimum speed: Mach 0.6
  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.9+
  • Cruising altitude over sea: 7–10 m (23–32.8 )
  • Cruising altitude over ground: 30 metres (98.4 ft)
  • Maximum range: > 400 kilometres (248.5 mi), 280 kilometres (174 mi) for export version
  • Minimum range: 40 to 60 km (24.9 to 37.3 ), depending on the type and size of the target
  • Engine: turbojet with solid rocket booster
  • Guidance: inertial + active radar
  • Maximum target speed: 30 knots (16.3 m/s)
  • Developer: China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation

See also

  • CJ-10 cruise missile
    CJ-10 cruise missile
    The CJ-10 is a land attack cruise missile currently in service with the Second Artillery Corps of the People's Republic of China. It is the first of the Changjian series of long range land attack cruise missiles...

     - Similar land-attack cruise missile operated by the PLA Second Artillery Corps, unveiled in 2009