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or propyl cyanide
, is a nitrile
A nitrile is any organic compound that has a -C≡N functional group. The prefix cyano- is used interchangeably with the term nitrile in industrial literature. Nitriles are found in many useful compounds, one example being super glue .Inorganic compounds containing the -C≡N group are not called...
with the formula C3
CN. This colorless liquid is miscible with most polar organic solvents. It is mainly used as a precursor to the poultry drug amprolium
Amprolium is a coccidiostat used in poultry.-Synthesis:The drug is a thiamine analogue and blocks the thiamine transporter of Eimeria species...
Butyronitrile is prepared industrially by the ammoxidation
In chemistry, ammoxidation is an industrial process for the production of nitriles using ammonia and oxygen. The usual substrates are alkenes. It is sometimes called the Sohio process, acknowledging that ammoxidation was commercialized by Standard Oil of Ohio...
n-Butanol or n-butyl alcohol or normal butanol is a primary alcohol with a 4-carbon structure and the molecular formula C4H9OH. Its isomers include isobutanol, 2-butanol, and tert-butanol...
- C3H7CH2OH + NH3 + O2 → C3H7CN + 3 H2O