Buraidah

Buraidah

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Buraidah is the capital of Al-Qassim Province in northcentral Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia , commonly known in British English as Saudi Arabia and in Arabic as as-Sa‘ūdiyyah , is the largest state in Western Asia by land area, constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula, and the second-largest in the Arab World...

 in the heart of the Arabian peninsula. Buraidah lies equidistant from the Red Sea
Red Sea
The Red Sea is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia. The connection to the ocean is in the south through the Bab el Mandeb strait and the Gulf of Aden. In the north, there is the Sinai Peninsula, the Gulf of Aqaba, and the Gulf of Suez...

 to the west and the Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
The Persian Gulf, in Southwest Asia, is an extension of the Indian Ocean located between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula.The Persian Gulf was the focus of the 1980–1988 Iran-Iraq War, in which each side attacked the other's oil tankers...

 to the east. It has a population of 609,000 (2010 census).

Buraidah, the regional capital of Al-Qassim Province, is located on the edge of the Wadi Al-Rummah
Wadi Al-Rummah
Wadi Al-Rummah or ar-Rummah is one of the Arabian Peninsula's longest river valleys, at a length of almost . Now mostly dry and partly blocked by encroaching sand dunes, the wadi arises near Medina at Al-Abyad Mountain...

.
Buraidah has a typical desert climate
Desert climate
A desert climate , also known as an arid climate, is a climate that does not meet the criteria to be classified as a polar climate, and in which precipitation is too low to sustain any vegetation at all, or at most a very scanty scrub.An area that features this climate usually experiences less than...

, with hot summers, cold winters and low humidity.

In Buraidah, agriculture is still the cornerstone of the economy. The traditional oasis
Oasis
In geography, an oasis or cienega is an isolated area of vegetation in a desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source...

 products of dates, lemon, orange and other fruits are still important. Modern introduction of wheat production has become so successful that Buraidah is one of the largest producers in the kingdom, important in making Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia , commonly known in British English as Saudi Arabia and in Arabic as as-Sa‘ūdiyyah , is the largest state in Western Asia by land area, constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula, and the second-largest in the Arab World...

 a net exporter of cereal
Cereal
Cereals are grasses cultivated for the edible components of their grain , composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran...

.

Notable landmarks

  • Museum of Buraidah: there is in the way of King Abdul Aziz Center next to King Khaled Beridp civilization, and there are days devoted to families and day for young people, and it recognizes the visitor to the area's heritage from all different aspects of life.

  • Market trades and handicrafts

  • Garden and the Park Khalid King: the vicinity of the Museum, a major Buraidah gardens open to visitors every day and in meetings and places for children is innocent and is in the summer, the administration of the summer activities for families and children.

  • Buraidah , a water tower: and opened to visitors in the summer (festival).

  • Alaieri resort: in the north of the northern town of Buraidah ring, a number of chalets.

  • Gulf Park entertainment: located in West Buraidah on the Western Ring Road and the chalets and a large swimming pool and places to sit and play electronic games.

Roads and Transport


Linking the city of Buraidah in Riyadh highway is 317 kilometers long, linking the city's Medina as a highway, 450 km and a highway linking Hail length of 250 kilometers and is surrounded by a ring road Between the major tunnel, as a highway linking it (international) up to the border with Jordan, through a single region of Mecca, as a dual network of roads linking it with the rest of the provinces Qassim. The historic city of Buraydah is one of the old pilgrim routes coming from Iraq through a Zubaydh.

Buraidah is proposed to be served by a new railway line
Railway stations in Saudi Arabia
List of Railway stations in Saudi Arabia:- Maps :* * - Existing :* * Riyadh - national capital* Hofuf - junction* Haradh* Dammam - Persian Gulf port* Jubail - Persian Gulf port and industry- Under Construction or Proposed :...

.

Qassim Regional Airport
Qassim Regional Airport
Qassim Regional Airport is an airport in Buraidah, Saudi Arabia.On 26 June 2010 Egypt's AlMasria Universal Airlines became the first international airline to serve the airport to Cairo.-Airlines and destinations:...

 is the city's principal airport which is connected to several domestic cities and Cairo
Cairo
Cairo , is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world and Africa, and the 16th largest metropolitan area in the world. Nicknamed "The City of a Thousand Minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture, Cairo has long been a centre of the region's political and cultural life...

.

Population


The city has experienced very high rates of population growth. Its officially counted population in the city limits in 2010 was 467,410..

Year Population
1888 10,000
1935 35,000
1960 45,000
1970 56,000
1972 60,000
1974 69,000
1988 210,000
1993 248,000
2004 505,000
2010 609,000