Bulawayo

Bulawayo

Encyclopedia
Bulawayo is the second largest city in Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is a landlocked country located in the southern part of the African continent, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia and a tip of Namibia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east. Zimbabwe has three...

 after the capital Harare
Harare
Harare before 1982 known as Salisbury) is the largest city and capital of Zimbabwe. It has an estimated population of 1,600,000, with 2,800,000 in its metropolitan area . Administratively, Harare is an independent city equivalent to a province. It is Zimbabwe's largest city and its...

, with an estimated population in 2010 of 2,000,000. It is located in Matabeleland
Matabeleland
Modern day Matabeleland is a region in Zimbabwe divided into three provinces: Matabeleland North, Bulawayo and Matabeleland South. These provinces are in the west and south-west of Zimbabwe, between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers. The region is named after its inhabitants, the Ndebele people...

, 439 km southwest of Harare, and is now treated as a separate provincial area from Matabeleland
Matabeleland
Modern day Matabeleland is a region in Zimbabwe divided into three provinces: Matabeleland North, Bulawayo and Matabeleland South. These provinces are in the west and south-west of Zimbabwe, between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers. The region is named after its inhabitants, the Ndebele people...

. The capital of Matabeleland
Matabeleland
Modern day Matabeleland is a region in Zimbabwe divided into three provinces: Matabeleland North, Bulawayo and Matabeleland South. These provinces are in the west and south-west of Zimbabwe, between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers. The region is named after its inhabitants, the Ndebele people...

 North is now Lupane
Lupane
Lupane can refer to :*Lupane District in Zimbabwe*Lupane triterpenes...

, as Bulawayo is a stand-alone province.

General information



Bulawayo is also known as the 'City of Kings', 'Skies', 'Bluez', 'Bulliesberg' or 'KoNtuthu ziyathunqa' – a SiNdebele
Northern Ndebele language
The Northern Ndebele language, isiNdebele, or Ndebele is an African language belonging to the Nguni group of Bantu languages, and spoken by the Ndebele or Matabele people of Zimbabwe. It is commonly known as Sindebele....

 word for 'a place of smoky fires'. It is a multicultural city with most residents able to speak at least three languages (including English
English language
English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria...

, Ndebele
Northern Ndebele language
The Northern Ndebele language, isiNdebele, or Ndebele is an African language belonging to the Nguni group of Bantu languages, and spoken by the Ndebele or Matabele people of Zimbabwe. It is commonly known as Sindebele....

, Xhosa
Xhosa language
Xhosa is one of the official languages of South Africa. Xhosa is spoken by approximately 7.9 million people, or about 18% of the South African population. Like most Bantu languages, Xhosa is a tonal language, that is, the same sequence of consonants and vowels can have different meanings when said...

, Kalanga, Sotho, Nambya, Tonga
Tonga language (Zambia)
The Tonga language of Zambia and Zimbabwe is a Bantu Language primarily spoken by the Tonga people in those countries who live mainly in the Southern and Western provinces of Zambia, and in northern Zimbabwe, with a few in Mozambique. The language is also spoken by the Tonga, Ila, Iwe, Toka and...

 and Venda
Venda language
Venda, also known as or , is a Bantu language and an official language of South Africa. The majority of Venda speakers live in the northern part of South Africa's Limpopo Province, but about 10% of speakers live in Zimbabwe. The Venda language is related to Kalanga which is spoken in Botswana...

). The majority of the Bulawayo's population belongs to the Ndebele
Ndebele people (Zimbabwe)
The Ndebele are a branch of the Zulus who split from King Shaka in the early 1820s under the leadership of Mzilikazi, a former general in Shaka's army....

 ethnic and language group, who descend from a 19th century Zulu migration and are a minority in Zimbabwe.

Bulawayo has long been and is still regarded as the industrial and business capital of Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is a landlocked country located in the southern part of the African continent, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia and a tip of Namibia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east. Zimbabwe has three...

 and is home to the National Railways of Zimbabwe because of its strategic position near Botswana
Botswana
Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana , is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa. The citizens are referred to as "Batswana" . Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September 1966...

 and South Africa
South Africa
The Republic of South Africa is a country in southern Africa. Located at the southern tip of Africa, it is divided into nine provinces, with of coastline on the Atlantic and Indian oceans...

. It is the nearest large city to Hwange National Park
Hwange National Park
Hwange National Park is the largest game reserve in Zimbabwe. The park lies in the west, on the main road between Bulawayo and the widely noted Victoria Falls.It was founded around 1928 by a 22-year-old game ranger, Ted Davidson...

, Matopo National Park and Victoria Falls
Victoria Falls
The Victoria Falls or Mosi-oa-Tunya is a waterfall located in southern Africa on the Zambezi River between the countries of Zambia and Zimbabwe.-Introduction:...

.

Etymology


The name Bulawayo comes from the SiNdebele
Northern Ndebele language
The Northern Ndebele language, isiNdebele, or Ndebele is an African language belonging to the Nguni group of Bantu languages, and spoken by the Ndebele or Matabele people of Zimbabwe. It is commonly known as Sindebele....

 word KoBulawayo meaning 'a place of killing.' It is thought that at the time of the formation of the city, there was a civil war and a group of Ndebeles not aligned to Prince Lobengula were fighting him as they felt he was not the heir to the throne, hence he gave his capital the name 'where he (the prince) is being killed'. It is said that when King Lobengula named the place "KoBulawayo" his generals asked "who is being killed mtanenkosi (prince)?" and he replied "Yimi umntwanenkosi engibulawayo", meaning "its me the prince who is being killed". At the time Lobengula was just a prince fighting to ascend his father's (Mzilikazi) throne. It was common at the time for people to refer to Bulawayo as "KoBulawayo UmntwaneNkosi" "a place where they are fighting or rising against the prince". The name Bulawayo is imported from Nguniland which is a place once occupied by the Khumalo people. The place still exists and it is next to Richards Bay.

History



The city was founded by the Ndebele king, uMzilikazi
Mzilikazi
Mzilikazi , also sometimes called Mosilikatze, was a Southern African king who founded the Matabele kingdom , Matabeleland, in what became Rhodesia and is now Zimbabwe. He was born the son of Matshobana near Mkuze, Zululand and died at Ingama, Matabeleland...

 kaMatshobana around 1840 after the Ndebele people's great trek from Zululand.

Bulawayo was a centre of imperialist intrigue and many colonial powers cast covetous eyes on Bulawayo and the land surrounding it. Britain made skillful use of private initiative in the shape of Cecil Rhodes and the Chartered Company in order to disarm the suspicion of her rivals. Lobengula
Lobengula
Lobengula Khumalo was the second and last king of the Ndebele people, usually pronounced Matabele in English. Both names, in the Sindebele language, mean "The men of the long shields", a reference to the Matabele warriors' use of the Zulu shield and spear.- Background :The Matabele were related to...

 once described Britain as a chameleon and himself as the fly.

During the 1893 Matabele War
First Matabele War
The First Matabele War was fought in 1893-1894 between the British South Africa Company military forces and the Ndebele people. Lobengula, king of the Ndebele, avoided outright war with the British settlers because he and his advisors were mindful of the destructive power of the European weapons...

 the invasion by British South Africa Company troops led the then king, Lobengula to flee from his burning capital and head north, BSAC troops and white settlers occupied the town. On 4 November 1893, Leander Starr Jameson
Leander Starr Jameson
Sir Leander Starr Jameson, 1st Baronet, KCMG, CB, , also known as "Doctor Jim", "The Doctor" or "Lanner", was a British colonial statesman who was best known for his involvement in the Jameson Raid....

 declared Bulawayo a settlement under the rule of the British South Africa Company
British South Africa Company
The British South Africa Company was established by Cecil Rhodes through the amalgamation of the Central Search Association and the Exploring Company Ltd., receiving a royal charter in 1889...

 and Cecil John Rhodes
Cecil John Rhodes
Cecil John Rhodes PC, DCL was an English-born South African businessman, mining magnate, and politician. He was the founder of the diamond company De Beers, which today markets 40% of the world's rough diamonds and at one time marketed 90%...

 ordered that the new settlement be built on the ruins of Lobengula's royal town, which is where the State House stands today. In 1897, the new town of Bulawayo acquired the status of municipality, Col. Harry White became the first mayor, and in 1943, Bulawayo became a city.

Siege


Right at the outbreak of the Second Matabele War
Second Matabele War
The Second Matabele War, also known as the Matabeleland Rebellion and in Zimbabwe as the First Chimurenga, was fought in 1896–97 between the British troops and the Ndebele people....

, in March 1896, Bulawayo was besieged by Ndebele forces and a laager was established there for defensive purposes. The Ndebele had experienced the brutal effectiveness of the British Maxim gun
Maxim gun
The Maxim gun was the first self-powered machine gun, invented by the American-born British inventor Sir Hiram Maxim in 1884. It has been called "the weapon most associated with [British] imperial conquest".-Functionality:...

s in the First Matabele War, so they never mounted a significant attack against Bulawayo even though over 10,000 Ndebele warriors could be seen near the town. But rather than wait passively the settlers immediately mounted patrols, called the Bulawayo Field Force, under legendary figures such as Frederick Selous
Frederick Selous
Frederick Courteney Selous DSO was a British explorer, officer, hunter, and conservationist, famous for his exploits in south and east of Africa. His real-life adventures inspired Sir H. Rider Haggard to create the fictional Allan Quatermain character. Selous was also a good friend of Theodore...

 and Frederick Russell Burnham
Frederick Russell Burnham
Frederick Russell Burnham, DSO was an American scout and world traveling adventurer known for his service to the British Army in colonial Africa and for teaching woodcraft to Robert Baden-Powell, thus becoming one of the inspirations for the founding of the international Scouting Movement.Burnham...

 who rode out to rescue any surviving settlers in the countryside and went on attack against the Ndebele. Within the first week of fighting, 20 men of the Bulawayo Field Force were killed and another 50 wounded.

During the siege, conditions inside Bulawayo quickly deteriorated. By day, settlers could go to homes and buildings within the town, but at night they were forced to seek shelter in the much smaller laager. Nearly 1,000 women and children were crowded into the small area and false alarms of attacks were common. The Ndebele made a critical error during the siege in neglecting to cut the telegraph lines connecting Bulawayo to Mafikeng
Mafikeng
Mahikeng – formerly legally, but still commonly known as Mafikeng – is the capital city of the North-West Province of South Africa. It is best known internationally for the Siege of Mafeking, the most famous engagement of the Second Boer War.Located on South Africa's border with Botswana, it is ...

. This gave both the besieged Bulawayo Field Force and the British relief forces, coming from Salisbury
Harare
Harare before 1982 known as Salisbury) is the largest city and capital of Zimbabwe. It has an estimated population of 1,600,000, with 2,800,000 in its metropolitan area . Administratively, Harare is an independent city equivalent to a province. It is Zimbabwe's largest city and its...

 and Fort Victoria
Masvingo
Masvingo is a town in south-eastern Zimbabwe and the capital of Masvingo Province. The town is close to Great Zimbabwe, the national monument from which the country takes its name.- History :...

, now Harare and Masvingo respectively 300 miles to the North, and from Kimberley and Mafeking 600 miles to the South, far more information than they would otherwise have had. Once the relief forces arrived in late May 1896, the siege was broken and an estimated 50,000 Ndebele retreated into their stronghold of the Matobo Hills near Bulawayo. Not until October 1896 would the Ndebele finally lay down their arms.

Modern city


In recent years, Bulawayo has experienced a sharp fall in living standards coinciding with the severe economic crisis affecting the country. Today it is home to the strongest opposition to the government of Robert Mugabe
Robert Mugabe
Robert Gabriel Mugabe is the President of Zimbabwe. As one of the leaders of the liberation movement against white-minority rule, he was elected into power in 1980...

. The main problems include poor investment and widespread unemployment. Water shortages due to lack of expansion in facilities and supplies have become steadily more acute since 1992. Cholera
Cholera
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine that is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The main symptoms are profuse watery diarrhea and vomiting. Transmission occurs primarily by drinking or eating water or food that has been contaminated by the diarrhea of an infected person or the feces...

 broke out in 2008.

Geography and climate



Geography


The city sits on a plain that marks the Highveld of Zimbabwe and is close to the watershed between the Zambezi
Zambezi
The Zambezi is the fourth-longest river in Africa, and the largest flowing into the Indian Ocean from Africa. The area of its basin is , slightly less than half that of the Nile...

 and Limpopo
Limpopo
Limpopo is the northernmost province of South Africa. The capital is Polokwane, formerly named Pietersburg. The province was formed from the northern region of Transvaal Province in 1994, and initially named Northern Transvaal...

 drainage basins. The land slopes gently downwards to the north and northwest. The southern side is hillier, and the land becomes more broken in the direction of the Matobo Hills to the south.

Climate


Due to its relatively high altitude, the city has a subtropical climate despite lying within the tropics. Under the Koppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by Crimea German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen himself, notably in 1918 and 1936...

, Bulawayo features a humid subtropical climate
Humid subtropical climate
A humid subtropical climate is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters...

 (Cwa), though it’s a drier version of the climate. The mean annual temperature is 19.16°C, similar to Pretoria
Pretoria
Pretoria is a city located in the northern part of Gauteng Province, South Africa. It is one of the country's three capital cities, serving as the executive and de facto national capital; the others are Cape Town, the legislative capital, and Bloemfontein, the judicial capital.Pretoria is...

 at a similar altitude but almost 600 km farther south. As with much of southern and eastern Zimbabwe, Bulawayo is cooled by a prevailing southeasterly airflow most of the year, and experiences three broad seasons: a dry, cool winter season from May to August; a hot dry period in early summer from late August to early November; and a warm wet period in the rest of the summer, early November to April. The hottest month is October, which is usually the height of the dry season. The average maximum temperature ranges from 21°C in July to 30°C in October. During the rainy season, daytime maxima are around 26°C. Nights are always cool, ranging from 8°C in July to 16°C in January.

The city's average annual rainfall is 590mm, which supports a natural vegetation of open woodland, dominated by Combretum
Combretum
The bushwillows or combretums, Combretum, make up the type genus of the family Combretaceae. The genus comprises about 370 species of trees and shrubs, roughly 300 of which are native to tropical and southern Africa, about 5 to Madagascar, some 25 to tropical Asia and approximately 40 to tropical...

 and Terminalia
Terminalia (plant)
Terminalia is a genus of large trees of the flowering plant family Combretaceae, comprising around 100 species distributed in tropical regions of the world. This genus gets it name from Latin terminus, referring to the fact that the leaves appear at the very tips of the shoots.Trees of this genus...

 trees. Most rain falls in the December to February period, while June to August is usually rainless. Being close to the Kalahari Desert
Kalahari Desert
The Kalahari Desert is a large semi-arid sandy savannah in Southern Africa extending , covering much of Botswana and parts of Namibia and South Africa, as semi-desert, with huge tracts of excellent grazing after good rains. The Kalahari supports more animals and plants than a true desert...

, Bulawayo is vulnerable to droughts and rainfall tends to vary sharply from one year to another. In 1915, 748mm of rain fell in the three months up to February (December 1914 is the wettest month on record) while in the three months ending February 1983, only 84mm fell.

Economy



Bulawayo has long been known as the industrial hub of Zimbabwe. It has a large manufacturing presence, and large industries such as Merlin Textiles, Zimbabwe Engineering Company (Zeco), Hubert Davies, Radar Metal Industries, National Blankets, G & D Shoes, Merlin, Tregers Group, Stewarts & Lloyds, Hunyani Holdings, Cold Storage Commission. However some of these companies have either moved operations to Harare
Harare
Harare before 1982 known as Salisbury) is the largest city and capital of Zimbabwe. It has an estimated population of 1,600,000, with 2,800,000 in its metropolitan area . Administratively, Harare is an independent city equivalent to a province. It is Zimbabwe's largest city and its...

 or no longer exist altogether which has crippled Bulawayo's economy. The industries are deserted and the infrastructure has since been left to deteriorate, further deterring investors from operating in the city. The reason for the cities de-industrialization has been heralded to be the lack of infrastructure to support the size of the city and it's operations and an unreliable source of water and the collapse of the rail infrastructure which was a core reason of placing industry in Bulawayo to begin with. Many locals argue that it is because of marginalisation they experience against the government due to cultural differences between the Shona
Shona people
Shona is the name collectively given to two groups of people in the east and southwest of Zimbabwe, north eastern Botswana and southern Mozambique.-Shona Regional Classification:...

 in Harare
Harare
Harare before 1982 known as Salisbury) is the largest city and capital of Zimbabwe. It has an estimated population of 1,600,000, with 2,800,000 in its metropolitan area . Administratively, Harare is an independent city equivalent to a province. It is Zimbabwe's largest city and its...

 and the Ndebele Proper in Bulawayo because the National railways of Zimbabwe (Headquarters Bulawayo) is a government parastatal and as such should have been thriving had it not been for embezzlement of allocated funds by company executives who are believed to be Shona
Shona people
Shona is the name collectively given to two groups of people in the east and southwest of Zimbabwe, north eastern Botswana and southern Mozambique.-Shona Regional Classification:...

. The water issue is not new and had brought about the "help a thirsty Matabele" initiative of the 1970s and the Matabeleland Zambezi Water Project
Matabeleland Zambezi Water Project
The Matabeleland Zambezi Water Project is an ambitious project being undertaken in the arid Matabeleland North province of Zimbabwe.The project seeks to end the perennial water shortages bedevelling Zimbabwe's second city of Bulawayo by bringing water from the mighty Zambezi river to the city.-The...

 which would put an end to the water issue in Matabeleland
Matabeleland
Modern day Matabeleland is a region in Zimbabwe divided into three provinces: Matabeleland North, Bulawayo and Matabeleland South. These provinces are in the west and south-west of Zimbabwe, between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers. The region is named after its inhabitants, the Ndebele people...

 was drafted, however this project was put on hold soon after independence. these allegations have all been labeled hogwash by the relevant authorities, however they have only fueled the secessionist
Mthwakazi
Mthwakazi This word Mthwakazi is derived from the name of Queen Mu-Thwa, the first ruler of the Mthwakazi territory who ruled around 7,000 years ago...

 initiative into a general opinion. Before the collapse of Zimbabwe's rail infrastructure, Bulawayo was an important transport hub, providing rail links between Botswana
Botswana
Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana , is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa. The citizens are referred to as "Batswana" . Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September 1966...

, South Africa
South Africa
The Republic of South Africa is a country in southern Africa. Located at the southern tip of Africa, it is divided into nine provinces, with of coastline on the Atlantic and Indian oceans...

 and Zambia
Zambia
Zambia , officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. The neighbouring countries are the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west....

 and promoting the city's development as a major industrial centre. The city still contains most of what remains of Zimbabwe's heavy industry and food processing capability including a Thermal Power Station which resumed operations in February 2011 after a capitalisation deal with the Government of Botswana
Botswana
Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana , is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa. The citizens are referred to as "Batswana" . Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September 1966...

 where Bulawayo would supply 45 Megawatts in three years. Like many parts of the country
Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is a landlocked country located in the southern part of the African continent, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia and a tip of Namibia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east. Zimbabwe has three...

, Bulawayo has for the past ten years seen a huge drop in service delivery and an increase in unemployment due to the number of resignations of people seeking better prospects across the border. Many people resorted to farming, mining and the black market for sustainance, while others depended on the little foreign currency that would be sent by family in other countries. However, with the introduction of the multi-currency system in 2009, a new approach is seen by investors in the city who admire the already available infrastructure and the huge workforce and Bulawayo as great prospects for the future and is set to once again contribute greatly to the economy of Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is a landlocked country located in the southern part of the African continent, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia and a tip of Namibia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east. Zimbabwe has three...

. The city is served by Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo International Airport
Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo International Airport
Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo International Airport is an airport in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. There are 2 airlines currently operating out of Bulawayo Airport. Air Zimbabwe and South African Airways...

 which has been expanded a number of times to cope with the influx of visitors into he region. The Edgars clothing stores are headquartered in Bulawayo. The Rovos rail
Rovos Rail
Rovos Rail is a private railway company operating out of Capital Park Station in Pretoria, South Africa. The Society of International Railway Travelers has regularly named the Pride of Africa, as the train is called, as one of the World's Top 25 Trains because of its excellent accommodation, public...

 run luxury train, Pride of Africa
Pride of Africa
The Pride of Africa is a luxury train which is run by Rovos Rail. It is billed as the World's Most Luxurious Train. It travels through South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Tanzania.Rovos Rail was established in 1989.- Locations :...

 makes a stop in Bulawayo for pick up and dropping off passengers. Bulawayo is situated along the Trans-African Highway network
Trans-African Highway network
The Trans-African Highway network comprises transcontinental road projects in Africa being developed by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa , the African Development Bank , and the African Union in conjunction with regional international communities...

 important trade route of Cairo – Cape Town Highway. Most of the city's industries are privately owned, especially in the transport sector.

Past Mayors (after independence)


Naison Khutshwekhaya Ndlovu 1981–1983

Ald.Enos Mdlongwa 1983–1985

Ald.Nicholas Joel Mabodoko 1985–1988

Ald. Israel Gadhlula

Clr. Joshua Teke Malinga

Ald. Siwela

Japhet Ndabeni Ncube

Thaba Moyo

Sports


Bulawayo is home to the Queens Sports Club
Queens Sports Club
Queens Sports Club is a multi-purpose stadium in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. It is used mostly for cricket matches. The stadium holds 13,000. The club is one of two homegrounds for the Matabeleland Cricket Team, which up until recently was captained by the Zimbabwean international opening pace bowler...

 and Bulawayo Athletic Club
Bulawayo Athletic Club
Bulawayo Athletic Club is a cricket club that competes in Zimbabwe's National League competition. It is also the name given to the club's ground. It can hold over 12,000 spectators....

, two of the three grounds in Zimbabwe where test match
Test cricket
Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket. Test matches are played between national representative teams with "Test status", as determined by the International Cricket Council , with four innings played between two teams of 11 players over a period of up to a maximum five days...

 cricket
Cricket
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players on an oval-shaped field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard long pitch. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the...

 has been played. It is also home to Hartsfield Rugby grounds where many international Test matches have been played. Hartsfield was developed by Reg Hart, after whom the grounds were named, and on which field many of southern Africa's greatest rugby players have competed. It is home to two large football teams, Highlanders and Zimbabwe Saints. Other football teams include Railstars and Bantu Rovers.
  • Barbourfields Stadium
    Barbourfields Stadium
    Barbourfields Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. It is currently used mostly for football matches. It is owned by Bulawayo City Council but is home to Highlanders F.C., one of the biggest soccer teams in Zimbabwe and Bantu Rovers F.C. Soccer fans commonly refer to the stadium...

  • Zimbabwe International Trade Fair Grounds
  • Kumalo Hockey Stadium
  • Ascot Racecourse
  • Khami Ruins
    Khami
    Khami is a ruined city located in what is now Zimbabwe. It was once the capital of the Kingdom of Butua of the Torwa dynasty. It is located 22 kilometers west of the modern city of Bulawayo, capital of the province of Matabeleland North. Its ruins are now a national monument in Zimbabwe. Khami is...

  • Ascot Centre
  • NRZ building
  • Bulawayo Centre
  • Nesbitt Castle
  • Fidelity Life Centre
  • National University of Science and Technology
  • Mhlahlandlela Government Complex

Newspapers

  • The Chronicle (Zimbabwe)
    The Chronicle (Zimbabwe)
    The Chronicle is a popular daily newspaper in Zimbabwe. It is published in Bulawayo and mostly reports on news in the Matebeleland region in the southern part of the country. It is state-owned and therefore usually only publishes news that supports the government and its policies...


  • The Sunday News (Zimbabwe)

  • Umthunywa

  • Newsday
    Newsday
    Newsday is a daily American newspaper that primarily serves Nassau and Suffolk counties and the New York City borough of Queens on Long Island, although it is sold throughout the New York metropolitan area...


  • B-Metro

  • The Sunday Times
    The Sunday Times
    The Sunday Times is a British Sunday newspaper.The Sunday Times may also refer to:*The Sunday Times *The Sunday Times *The Sunday Times *The Sunday Times...


Sister cities


Aberdeen
Aberdeen
Aberdeen is Scotland's third most populous city, one of Scotland's 32 local government council areas and the United Kingdom's 25th most populous city, with an official population estimate of ....

, Scotland
Scotland
Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain, it shares a border with England to the south and is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the...

, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

Durban
Durban
Durban is the largest city in the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal and the third largest city in South Africa. It forms part of the eThekwini metropolitan municipality. Durban is famous for being the busiest port in South Africa. It is also seen as one of the major centres of tourism...

, South Africa
South Africa
The Republic of South Africa is a country in southern Africa. Located at the southern tip of Africa, it is divided into nine provinces, with of coastline on the Atlantic and Indian oceans...

Polokwane
Polokwane
Polokwane, meaning "Place of Safety",is a city in the Polokwane Local Municipality and the capital of the Limpopo province, South Africa. It is also often referred to by its former name, Pietersburg. Polokwane is a major urban centre, the biggest and most important north of Gauteng. The population...

, South Africa
South Africa
The Republic of South Africa is a country in southern Africa. Located at the southern tip of Africa, it is divided into nine provinces, with of coastline on the Atlantic and Indian oceans...

Katima Mulilo
Katima Mulilo
Katima Mulilo is the capital of the Caprivi Strip, Namibia's far north–east extension into central Southern Africa. It comprises two electoral constituencies, Katima Mulilo Rural and Katima Mulilo Urban...

, Namibia
Namibia
Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia , is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean. It shares land borders with Angola and Zambia to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east. It gained independence from South Africa on 21 March...


Museums


  • Natural History Museum of Zimbabwe
    Natural History Museum of Zimbabwe
    The Natural History Museum of Zimbabwe is located in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe on Leopold Takawira Avenue. Officially opened in 1964, the museum contains exhibits illustrating the history, mineral wealth and wildlife of Zimbabwe, including the second largest mounted elephant in the world. The Director is...

  • National Gallery, Bulawayo
    National Gallery of Zimbabwe
    The National Gallery of Zimbabwe is a gallery in Harare, Zimbabwe, dedicated to the presentation and conservation of Zimbabwe’s contemporary art and visual heritage...

  • Bulawayo Railway Museum
    Bulawayo Railway Museum
    Bulawayo Railway Museum is a museum next to Bulawayo railway station in Zimbabwe, with several exhibits of the history of railways in Zimbabwe and Rhodesia. Its oldest exhibits date back as far as 1897, and include Cecil Rhodes' personal railway coach....


Suburbs and neighbourhoods



  • Ascot
Adjoining the Bulawayo Ascot race-course

  • Barbour Fields
The suburb was named after a former Mayor, H. R. Barbour. A mayor who during the colonial era, was :greatly interested in the welfare of the indigenous people. There is a place called Barbour in Argyll & :Bute. Barbour is a Scottish family name, though it was apparently first recorded on the English side of :the border, in Cumbria and Northumberland. The father of Scottish vernacular poetry, John Barbour (1320-:1395), is best remembered for his epic poem "The Brus" telling the story of King Robert I. The origin of :the name is occupational (a cutter of hair as well as an extractor of teeth during the Middle Ages).

  • Barham Green
The suburb was named after two people. The first was a former Bulawayo City Councillor [ who later :became an Alderman] Mrs. M. E. Barham, M.B.E. and the other was Rev. Rufus Green. The two people were :critical in the establishment of this suburb. During the colonial Rhodesia era, the suburb was :designated for the Coloured Community

  • Beacon Hill
Also known as Beryl Drive, reference is made to fact that it is the High Point of the suburbs and :possess the areas with the highest marking beacon at its summit.

  • Belmont Industrial Area
The area was named after a former Bulawayo City Engineer, Mr. Kinmont

  • Bellevue
The suburb was named after estate name. Sometimes spelt Belle Vue. The origin of this universally :popular place name is ultimately French - 'beautiful view'.

  • Belmont

  • Bradfield
The suburb was named after Mr. Edwin Eugene Bradfield, a pioneer.

  • Burnside
This area used used to be a portion of former town Council area, used be part of Matsheumhlope Farms. :Name is derived from the reference to the river Matsheumhlophe. Burn is a Scottish and northern English :word for a stream.

  • Cement
This was named after the surrounding industrial area, responsible for the making of Cement.

  • Cowdray Park

  • Donnington

  • Donnington West

  • Douglasdale
The Douglas family, descendants of William de Duglas
William I, Lord of Douglas
William of Douglas was a medieval nobleman of Flemish origin living in Clydesdale, an area under the control of the King of the Scots.-Enigmatic origins:...

 (late 12th Century) :was one of the most powerful in :Scotland.

  • Eloana

  • Emakhandeni
Emakhandeni is the isiNdebele name for Fort Rixon
Fort Rixon
Fort Rixon is a village and farming centre in Matabeleland in the Republic of Zimbabwe, located some north-east of Bulawayo. It was founded as a military outpost in 1896 during the rebellion of the Matabele nation against British colonial rule of Rhodesia....

, which was the area where the regiment, aMakhanda :were located. eMakhandeni is the locative term

  • Emganwini
Reference is made to the plentiful Amarula trees in the vicinity.

  • Enqameni

  • Enqotsheni

  • Entumbane
This is place where King Mzilikazi was buried.One of the dozens of high density suburbs of Bulawayo :commonly referred to as the "Western Suburbs". The first disturbances that led to the :Gukurahundi
Gukurahundi
The Gukurahundi refers to the suppression by Zimbabwe's 5th Brigade in the predominantly Ndebele regions of Zimbabwe most of whom were supporters of Joshua Nkomo. A few hundred disgruntled former ZIPRA combatants waged armed banditry against the civilians in Matabeleland, and destroyed government...

were sparked in Entumbane, hence the term "Impi ye Ntumbane" that refers to the :disturbances.

  • Fagadola

  • Famona
The suburb was named after, Famona, one of the daughters of King Lobengula. It means jealousy or :envy must end *literally- die*

  • Fortunes Gate (Including Mtaba Moya)
The suburb name comes from the original property name, and gates are those of the original Market :Building.

  • Four Winds
The suburb name comes from the original property name, the first house was on top of a hill.

  • Glencoe
This name is etched into the Scottish psyche as the bleak glen in the Highlands where, in 1692, a party :of MacDonald men, women and children was treacherously massacred by the Campbells, who were acting under :government orders.

  • Glengary
The suburb was named after its estate name. The "Glengarry" bonnet is an oblong woollen cap, popular :amongst pipe bands.

  • Glenville (Including Richmond South)
The suburb was named after its estate name.

  • Granite Park

  • Greenhill
The suburb name comes from the reference to scenery and topography.

  • Gwabalanda
Named after one of Ndebele chiefs, Gwabalanda Mathe

  • Harrisvale

  • Helenvale

  • Highmount

  • Hillcrest
The suburb name comes from the reference to topography. It is Greenhill's Crest

  • Hillside
The suburb name comes from the reference to topography. (Greenhill's slope))

  • Hillside South
The suburb name comes from it's position as the south facing slope of Greenhill

  • Hume Park
Hume/Home is a Lowland Scottish family name.

  • Hyde Park
The name originates from the large amount of residents which trace their ancestry to England
England
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...


  • Ilanda
Ndebele name for the Egret
Egret
An egret is any of several herons, most of which are white or buff, and several of which develop fine plumes during the breeding season. Many egrets are members of the genera Egretta or Ardea which contain other species named as herons rather than egrets...


  • Iminyela
The name of the type of tree common in that area.

  • Intini
The name was given as a commemoration to the Mhlanga family which originally set :out with the Khumalo family under Mzilikazi
Mzilikazi
Mzilikazi , also sometimes called Mosilikatze, was a Southern African king who founded the Matabele kingdom , Matabeleland, in what became Rhodesia and is now Zimbabwe. He was born the son of Matshobana near Mkuze, Zululand and died at Ingama, Matabeleland...

 as gratitude to their contribution to the Ndebele Kingdom, Mthwakazi
Mthwakazi
Mthwakazi This word Mthwakazi is derived from the name of Queen Mu-Thwa, the first ruler of the Mthwakazi territory who ruled around 7,000 years ago...

. the Ntini is the totem of the Mhlanga-Mabuya clan, not to be confused with the Gasela which are originally Tsonga/ Shangaan incorporated into the state

  • Jacaranda
Reference is made to the Jacaranda
Jacaranda
Jacaranda is a genus of 49 species of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae, native to tropical and subtropical regions of South America , Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. It is also found in Asia, especially in Nepal...

 trees

  • Kelvin (Industrial area, includes North East and West)
The area was named in reference to a suburb of Glasgow
Glasgow
Glasgow is the largest city in Scotland and third most populous in the United Kingdom. The city is situated on the River Clyde in the country's west central lowlands...

. It takes its name from the river Kelvin, a tributary of the river Clyde.

  • Kenilworth
The suburb was named after its estate name.

  • Kilallo

  • Killarney
    Killarney, Zimbabwe
    Killarney is a suburb of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. The population of Killarney is about 150,000 people. It is named after the town of Killarney in Co. Kerry in southwest Ireland. Due to its vicinity to the National University of Science and Technology many students live there, who due to transport...


  • Kingsdale

  • Khumalo
    Khumalo
    The Khumalo are an African clan that originated in northern KwaZulu, South Africa. The Khumalos are part of a group of Zulus and Ngunis known as the Mtungwa. Others include the Mabaso, located between the Ndwandwe and the Mthethwa....

The suburb was named after the Royal Clan of the Matabele

  • Khumalo North
Reference to the position of Kumalo Suburb

  • Lakeside
Lakeside is the stretch of water at the junction of the Old Essexvale Road and the road to the suburb of Waterford, and then onto Hope Fountain Mission

  • Lobengula
Named after the second and last Matabele King, Lobengula
Lobengula
Lobengula Khumalo was the second and last king of the Ndebele people, usually pronounced Matabele in English. Both names, in the Sindebele language, mean "The men of the long shields", a reference to the Matabele warriors' use of the Zulu shield and spear.- Background :The Matabele were related to...


  • Lobenvale
The suburb name is derived from a combination of King Lobengula's name and Umguza Valley

  • Lochview
The suburb name is in reference to Lakeside Dam and is famous in the city for its large Scottish residents and the Scottish style houses. According to the Bulawayo City Suburb Names website, the suburb was named in reference to Lakeside Dam

  • Luveve
Named after Ndebele chief Luveve. Established in 1935

  • Mabuthweni
The suburb name means “where the soldiers are”, the name was given in reference to a bachelor quarters.

  • Magwegwe
The suburb name is named after Magwegwe, who was one of the significant people in King Lobengula's royal Bulawayo town.

  • Magwegwe North
Reference to the position relative to that of Magwegwe.

  • Magwegwe West
Reference to the position relative to that of Magwegwe.

  • Makokoba
    Makokoba
    Makokoba is a parliamentary constituency of the House of Assembly of Zimbabwe located in the township of the same name in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. The current member of parliament for Makokoba, since June 2000, is Thokozani Khuphe, the vice-president of the Morgan Tsvangirai faction of the Movement for...

The suburb got its name from the actions of Mr. Fallon, who used walk around with a stick. The name comes from the word "umakhokhoba" which was the locals referred to Fallon as, meaning “the little old man who walks with a stick” . The word actually describes the noise of the stick hitting the ground ko-ko-ko or the doors. It is the oldest African dwelling in the city. Political activism was rife pre-Zapu era.

  • Mahatshula
Mahatshula is named after one of the Ndebele Indunas. This induna's name was Mahatshula Ndiweni

  • Malindela
The suburb was named after the mother of Faluta, who was the mother of Lobengula i.e. named after Lobengula's maternal grandmother.

  • Manningdale
Named after of the developer suburb

  • Marlands

  • Matsheumhlope
The name comes from the association with river (“White Stones”). White stones in Ndebele Proper and Zulu
Zulu language
Zulu is the language of the Zulu people with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority of whom live in South Africa. Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa as well as being understood by over 50% of the population...

 language are amatshe amhlope.

  • Matshobana
The suburb was named after Matshobana, who was a chief of the Khumalo clan and more significantly he was the father of Mzilikazi, the founder of the Ndebele Kingdom.

  • Montrose
The suburb was named by the Estate Developers and Street names are of many Cotswold Villages and towns.

  • Montgomery
named after Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein
Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, KG, GCB, DSO, PC , nicknamed "Monty" and the "Spartan General" was a British Army officer. He saw action in the First World War, when he was seriously wounded, and during the Second World War he commanded the 8th Army from...

 a decorated British Army commander

  • Morningside

  • Mpopoma
The name comes from a descriptive Ndebele name for the area, which was derived from the sound the Mpopoma river makes when flowing.

  • Munda
The Tonga
Tonga language (Zambia)
The Tonga language of Zambia and Zimbabwe is a Bantu Language primarily spoken by the Tonga people in those countries who live mainly in the Southern and Western provinces of Zambia, and in northern Zimbabwe, with a few in Mozambique. The language is also spoken by the Tonga, Ila, Iwe, Toka and...

 name for a plot of land on which people would farm

  • Mzilikazi
Suburb was named after the founder of uMthwakazi, King Mzilikazi.A stone's throw away from Barbourfields suburb separated by a road called Ambulance Drive that leads to one of Zimbabwe's large hospitals called Mpilo.

  • New Luveve
Reference is made to the suburb Luveve, see Luveve suburb.

  • Newsmansford

  • Newton
Estate name

  • Newton West
Reference to position (Newton).

  • Nguboyenja
Named after Lobengula’s son and heir.

  • Njube
Named after one of Lobengula’s sons

  • Nketa
Named after the Traditional Heritage Site of Nketa Hill on which King Lobengula assembled his entire kingdom and divided it's citizens according to cultural ethnicity and different stages of incorporation into three groups the Zansi which is Xhosa
Xhosa language
Xhosa is one of the official languages of South Africa. Xhosa is spoken by approximately 7.9 million people, or about 18% of the South African population. Like most Bantu languages, Xhosa is a tonal language, that is, the same sequence of consonants and vowels can have different meanings when said...

 for "south", referring to the people who left the Zulu Kingdom originally, the Enhla or Nxele which referred to the second mass incorporated group which was the Swati
Swati
Swati may refer to:* Swati language, Bantu language spoken in Swaziland and South Africa* Swati , Pashtun tribe in Pakistan** Riffat Akbar Swati** Sa'adat Khan Swati* Swati the Star, star in ancient Sanskrit scriptures that corresponds to Arcturus...

, Pedi
Pedi people
Pedi, , has been a cultural/linguistic term. It was previously used to describe the entire set of people speaking various dialects of the Sotho language who live in the northern Transvaal of South Africa...

, Sotho with whom they settled in Mhlahlandela 1
Centurion, Gauteng
Centurion is an area with 279,430 inhabitants in Gauteng Province of South Africa, located between Pretoria and Midrand . Formerly an independent municipality, with its own town council, it is now part of the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality...

 and the final group was the Hole (ˈxɒli), which constituted of the Shona
Shona people
Shona is the name collectively given to two groups of people in the east and southwest of Zimbabwe, north eastern Botswana and southern Mozambique.-Shona Regional Classification:...

, Kalanga
BaKalanga
The Kalanga, also known as the Bakalanga are one of the first Bantu speaking tribes to migrate to present day Botswana, followed by the Bakgalagadi and then the Batswana . The Kalanga had first settled in Mapungubwe in South Africa, the first Kalanga state. They later moved to the Great Zimbabwe...

 and Bakwena. Most historians argued that this was clear evidence of Lobengula's lack of foresight and political tact as he was literally undoing what his father had spent his lifetime trying to achieve, a unified kingdom with a single identity.

  • Nkulumane
One of the sons of King Mzilikazi and heir, founder of the Matebele kingdom.

  • North End
Reference to direction of Suburb.

  • Northvale
Former Town Council area, reference to position and (Umguza) Valley

  • Northlea

  • North Lynne

  • North Trenance
Reference to position relative to that of Trenance.

  • Ntaba Moyo

  • Orange Grove

  • Paddonhurst
Named after Major Cecil Paddon, O.B.E., (Pioneer).

  • Parklands
Estate Name. Park Lands Estate A (Portion of original grant to Dominican Sisters).

  • Parkview
Situated on the location adjacent to the Centenary Park and proposed location of Bulawayo Zoo

  • Pelandaba
Phelandaba translates “The matter is concluded”, a reference to the successful conclusion to the struggle for security.

  • Pumula
Phumula means “A Resting Place” reference to the fact that many have built homes there to retire to.

  • Pumula South
Named in reference to relative position of Pumula

  • Queensdale

  • Queens Park
A reference to the Queen and the three main roads – Victoria, Alexandra and Elizabeth

  • Queens Park East
A reference to the position relative to that of Queen Park.

  • Queens Park West
A reference to the position relative to that of Queen Park.

  • Rangemore
Suburb adopted the original estate name.

  • Raylton
Suburb adopted the original estate name.

  • Richmond

  • Riverside
Derived from the original Estate name, which was in reference to the Umguza River

  • Romney Park
The suburb was named after George Romney
George Romney (painter)
George Romney was an English portrait painter. He was the most fashionable artist of his day, painting many leading society figures - including his artistic muse, Emma Hamilton, mistress of Lord Nelson....

, a British Painter

  • Sauerstown
Named after Dr. Han Sauer, original owner of the land

  • Selbourne Park
Named after the main road of Selbourne Avenue, now called L.Takawira Avenue, facing Ascot Mansions

  • Sizinda
Battle regiment of Mzilikazi
Mzilikazi
Mzilikazi , also sometimes called Mosilikatze, was a Southern African king who founded the Matabele kingdom , Matabeleland, in what became Rhodesia and is now Zimbabwe. He was born the son of Matshobana near Mkuze, Zululand and died at Ingama, Matabeleland...

 of the Matabele

  • Steeldale
Composite name referring to industry.

  • Suburbs
This was the first suburb and retained that name.

  • Southdale

  • Souththwold
The suburb was named by the Estate Developers and Street names are of many Cotswold Villages and towns.

  • Sunninghill
After British Royal residence (given to present Queen at time of marriage).

  • Sunnyside
Chosen from list of suggested names

  • Tegela
The name is derived from a Ndebele word ukwethekela meaning “to visit”.

  • The Jungle

  • Thorngrove
Suburb name came from the large number of Mimosa (Thorn) trees in the area.

  • Trenance
Estate name

  • Tshabalala
The “isibongo” or praise name for Lobengula’s mother, Faluta, who was of Swazi extraction.

  • Tshabalala Extension
Extension in reference to the suburb of Tshabalala

  • Umguza Estate
Named after the Umguza River which runs through it

  • Upper Rangemore
Name in reference to Rangemore suburb.

  • Waterford
Estate name

  • Waterlea

  • Westgate

  • Westondale

  • West Somerton

  • Willsgrove

  • Windsor Park
Named after English town or Guildford Castle
Guildford Castle
Guildford Castle is in Guildford, Surrey, England. It is thought to have been built shortly after the 1066 invasion of England by William the Conqueror.-Construction and development:...

 grounds

  • Woodlands
Chosen from a list of suggested names

  • Woodville
Retained the old Estate Name.

Schools


In Bulawayo, there are 128 primary and 48 secondary schools.
  • Petra High School
  • Petra Primary School
  • Whitestone School
  • Bulawayo Polytechnic College
    Bulawayo Polytechnic College
    Bulawayo Polytechnic is an academic institution established in 1942 in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.The polytechnic provides a number of higher education qualifications. It has played host to exchange students from many countries including the United States and western Europe...

  • Christian Brothers College, Bulawayo
    Christian Brothers College, Bulawayo
    St. Patrick's Christian Brothers College, Bulawayo is a private multiracial boys only high school located in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. It was founded in the 1950s and is the most prestigious school in Bulawayo,and probably one of the best schools in the country....

  • Falcon College
    Falcon College
    Falcon College is a private institution of higher learning for boys aged 12–18 in the southern Matabeleland region of Zimbabwe. It was founded in 1954 near Esigodini , 55 km southeast of Bulawayo on the remains of the Bushtick Mine...

     – outskirts of Bulawayo, Esigodini
  • Gifford High School
    Gifford High School
    Gifford High School is a government-owned boys only high school in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. The school was founded in 1927 as Bulawayo Technical School led by Mr P.H. Gifford and four teachers, with an enrollment of about 39 pupils....

  • Hamilton High School
    Hamilton High School (Bulawayo, Zimbabwe)
    Hamilton High School is a high school located in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. In 2003, it was rated by Africa Almanac as number 38 in the top 100 schools in Africa Also rated number four in the top 20 of Zimbabwean schools. It had a very strong old boys network...

  • Milton High School
    Milton High School, Bulawayo
    Milton High School is a government all-boys high school located in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. It was the first government all-boys school established in Bulawayo. It was founded in 1910 and is named after Sir William Milton, administrator of the British South Africa Company. The school's motto is Greek...

    - ex-Zimababwean National cricketer and cricket commentator Mpumelelo Mbangwa
    Mpumelelo Mbangwa
    Mpumelelo Mbangwa is a former Zimbabwean cricketer and currently, a cricket commentator. He played fifteen Tests and twenty nine One Day Internationals for Zimbabwe. After being dropped from the international side after the 2002 Champions Trophy, he took up work as a cricket commentator for...

     was a student in the early 90s
  • Mzilikazi Primary School
    Mzilikazi Primary School
    Mzilikazi Primary School is in the city of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. It is located in the western suburb of Mzilikazi behind Barbourfields Stadium.-Notable alumni:*Willard Mashinkila-Khumalo - former Zimbabwe National team mildfielder and defender, now a coach...

    - Named after the founder of the Ndebele Nation Mzilikazi
  • Mzilikazi High School
    Mzilikazi High School
    Mzilikazi High School is on Old Falls Road in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. It is named after King Mzilikazi the founder of the Ndebele Nation. The school is well known for its excellent academic achievements and sporting excellence...

    - situated in the popular suburb of Mzilikazi.
  • National University Of Science And Technology
  • Solusi University
    Solusi University
    Solusi University is a coeducational private university in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. Initially established in 1894, one hundred years later, the institution received the authorization of the Government of the Republic of Zimbabwe through an act of Parliament to operate as a university.As a university it...



Notable natives and residents

  • Eric Bloch, Economist and columnist
  • Mandla Balanda, Footballer, former Highlanders Soccer star.
  • John H Abeles
    John H Abeles
    John H Abeles MD is a USA based venture investor, director, consultant, entrepreneur and philanthropist.-Personal life:Abeles was born in 1945 in Bulawayo, Rhodesia and received his degrees in Medicine and Pharmacology from the University of Birmingham, England, in 1969. He has a diploma in music...

    , physician, medical investor, philanthropist
  • Marshall P. Baron
    Marshall P. Baron
    Marshall P. Baron was a Zimbabwean painter. In 1967 he was awarded a scholarship to the Skowhegan School of Art in Maine, where he worked for a year before returning home...

    , painter
  • Robin Brown
    Robin Brown (cricketer)
    Robin Jack Brown is a Zimbabwean cricketer. He played seven ODIs for Zimbabwe between 1983 to 1987.-Coaching career:He acted as Zimbabwe's assistant coach with the team during the 2007 World Cup...

    , cricketer
  • Warren Carne
    Warren Carne
    Warren James Carne born 14 October 1975 in Bulawayo, Matabeleland, Rhodesia is a former Zimbabwean Mountain biker.-Early years:...

    , cyclist
  • Brian Chikwava
    Brian Chikwava
    Brian Chikwava is an African writer. His short story Seventh Street Alchemy was awarded the 2004 Caine Prize for African Writing and Chikwava became the first Zimbabwean to do so. He has been a Charles Pick fellow at the University of East Anglia, and lives in London...

    , writer and musician
  • Charlene, Princess of Monaco, wife of Albert II, Prince of Monaco
    Albert II, Prince of Monaco
    Albert II, Sovereign Prince of Monaco is the head of the House of Grimaldi and the ruler of the Principality of Monaco. He is the son of Rainier III, Prince of Monaco, and the American actress Grace Kelly...

  • Charles Coghlan
    Charles Patrick John Coghlan
    Sir Charles Patrick John Coghlan was the first Premier of Southern Rhodesia and held office from October 1, 1923 until his death on August 28, 1927....

    , lawyer, first Premier of Southern Rhodesia
    Southern Rhodesia
    Southern Rhodesia was the name of the British colony situated north of the Limpopo River and the Union of South Africa. From its independence in 1965 until its extinction in 1980, it was known as Rhodesia...

    . (Coghlan was honored by his burial, near Cecil Rhodes's grave, at "World's View" in the Matopo Hills near Bulawayo.)
  • Charles Coventry
    Charles Coventry (Zimbabwean cricketer)
    Charles Kevin Coventry is a Zimbabwean cricketer. He is a right-handed batsman and occasional wicket-keeper. Within Zimbabwe he is known as "Chappie" Coventry. He previously held the record of the highest individual score in a One Day International, 194 runs not out. This was surpassed by Sachin...

    , cricketer
  • Kirsty Coventry
    Kirsty Coventry
    Kirsty Leigh Coventry is a Zimbabwean swimmer and world record holder. She attended and swam competitively for Auburn University in Alabama, in the United States...

    , world-record swimmer
  • Chelsy Davy
    Chelsy Davy
    Chelsy Yvonne Davy is a Zimbabwean National who was the on-off girlfriend of Prince Harry of Wales from early 2004 to May 2010.- Early life :...

    ,girlfriend of Prince Harry
  • Lucia Evans
    Lucia Evans
    Lucia Evans , is an Irish singer and winner of the 2006 season of the talent show You're A Star.Evans is now living in Galway in Ireland working as a full time vocal coach, although originally from Bulawayo in Zimbabwe...

    , winner of the 2006 Irish TV talent show You're A Star
    You're A Star
    You're a Star was a singing contest in Ireland,similar to th X Factor in the United Kingdom and American Idol in the USA created by Screentime ShinAwiL and Radio Telefís Éireann. It was shown weekly on RTÉ One over the winter months of each year...

    , born in Bulawayo
  • Stanley Fischer
    Stanley Fischer
    Stanley "Stan" Fischer is an American-Israeli economist and the current Governor of the Bank of Israel. He previously served as Chief Economist at the World Bank.-Biography:...

    , governor of the Bank of Israel
  • Duncan Fletcher
    Duncan Fletcher
    Duncan Andrew Gwynne Fletcher OBE is a former Zimbabwean cricketer, formerly captain of the Zimbabwean cricket team and the current coach of the Indian Cricket Team. He has been appointed as coach of the Indian Cricket Team on April 27, 2011...

    , cricketer, former coach of England national cricket team
  • Humphrey Gibbs
    Humphrey Gibbs
    Sir Humphrey Vicary Gibbs, GCVO, KCMG, OBE was the penultimate Governor of the colony of Southern Rhodesia who served through, and opposed, the Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1965....

    , GCVO
    Royal Victorian Order
    The Royal Victorian Order is a dynastic order of knighthood and a house order of chivalry recognising distinguished personal service to the order's Sovereign, the reigning monarch of the Commonwealth realms, any members of her family, or any of her viceroys...

    , KCMG
    Order of St Michael and St George
    The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is an order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George, Prince Regent, later George IV of the United Kingdom, while he was acting as Prince Regent for his father, George III....

    , farmer, Governor of the colony of Southern Rhodesia
    Southern Rhodesia
    Southern Rhodesia was the name of the British colony situated north of the Limpopo River and the Union of South Africa. From its independence in 1965 until its extinction in 1980, it was known as Rhodesia...

     (1959–1970)
  • Norman Geras
    Norman Geras
    Norman Geras is Professor Emeritus of Government at the University of Manchester. In a long academic career, he has contributed substantially to the analysis of the works of Karl Marx, particularly in his book Marx and Human Nature and the article 'The Controversy About Marx and Justice', which...

    , professor of political philosophy, University of Manchester; writes normblog, a widely read UK blog
  • Graeme Hick
    Graeme Hick
    Graeme Ashley Hick MBE is a Zimbabwean-born cricketer who played 65 Test matches and 120 One Day Internationals for England. He played county cricket for Worcestershire for his entire English domestic career, a period of well over twenty years, and in 2008 he surpassed Graham Gooch's record for...

    , Zimbabwean-born English cricketer
  • Kubi Indi
    Kubi Indi
    Kubi Chaza Indi is a Zimbabwean development activist and businesswoman. Under her maiden name, Kubi Chaza, she was an actress in the UK, appearing in Live and Let Die in 1973 as a saleswoman picking up James Bond. After returning to Zimbabwe, she and actor husband John Indi started a company...

    , development activist and businesswoman
  • Tendayi Jembere
    Tendayi Jembere
    Tendayi Jembere aka TJ, Tee J is a British actor who is best known for his part in the television show Kerching! 2003 where he played the character of Seymour who was the best friend of Taj Lewis who was the lead character.He grew up in East London...

    , actor
  • Doris Lessing
    Doris Lessing
    Doris May Lessing CH is a British writer. Her novels include The Grass is Singing, The Golden Notebook, and five novels collectively known as Canopus in Argos....

    , novelist, Nobel Prize in Literature
  • Cont Mhlanga
    Cont Mhlanga
    Cont Mdladla Mhlanga is a Zimbabwean playwright, actor and theatre director. He is also the founder and head of the Amakhosi Theatre Productions company, formed in 1982....

    , playwright and founder of Amakhosi Theater
  • August Musarurwa, composer of the tune "Skokiaan
    Skokiaan
    "Skokiaan" is a popular tune originally written by Rhodesian musician August Musarurwa in the tsaba-tsaba big band style that succeeded marabi...

    "
  • Benjani Mwaruwari
    Benjani Mwaruwari
    Benjamin Mwaruwari , known as Benjani, is a Zimbabwean footballer who currently plays for Portsmouth in the Football League Championship, where he plays as a striker....

    , footballer and current Zimbabwe team
    Zimbabwe national football team
    The Zimbabwe national football team, nicknamed The Warriors, is the national team of Zimbabwe and is controlled by the Zimbabwe Football Association. They were known as the Southern Rhodesia national football team from 1939–1964, then the Rhodesia national football team until 1980, when Rhodesia...

     captain and also turns out for Blackburn Rovers
  • Peter Ndlovu
    Peter Ndlovu
    Peter Ndlovu is a Zimbabwean footballer, who plays as a striker.-Coventry City:Ndlovu was originally spotted by John Sillett, prior to his official signing from Highlanders by Terry Butcher in July 1991...

    , footballer, former Zimbabwe team
    Zimbabwe national football team
    The Zimbabwe national football team, nicknamed The Warriors, is the national team of Zimbabwe and is controlled by the Zimbabwe Football Association. They were known as the Southern Rhodesia national football team from 1939–1964, then the Rhodesia national football team until 1980, when Rhodesia...

     captain and considered to be the best Zimbabwean player of all time
  • Lewin Nyatanga
    Lewin Nyatanga
    Lewin John Nyatanga is a Welsh footballer who plays for Bristol City and the Wales national team as a defender.-Derby County:...

    , Zimbabwean-born Welsh footballer
  • Alexander Pines
    Alexander Pines
    Alexander Pines is the Glenn T. Seaborg Professor of Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley, Senior Scientist in the Materials Sciences Division of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory , and a member of the California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences and the Department of...

    , professor of chemistry, University of California, Berkeley
  • Nick Price
    Nick Price
    Nicholas Raymond Leige Price is a South African-Zimbabwean Professional golfer and an inductee in the World Golf Hall of Fame. In the mid-1990s, Price reached number one in the Official World Golf Rankings.-Background:...

    , former world number one golfer, World Golf Hall of Fame member
  • Ramadu
    Ramadu
    Ramadu is the stage name of Dumisani Moyo, a Zimbabwean musician.Ramadu was born on the 26 June 1975 in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. He began his career as a professional musician by joining imbube group Insingizi in 1990 formally known as Insingizi Emnyama....

    , musician
  • Surendran Reddy
    Surendran Reddy
    Surendran Reddy was a South African composer and pianist.After his studies at the Royal College of Music and King's College in London he had a highly successful international career as a classical and jazz pianist...

    , musician, composer and performer
  • Rozalla
    Rozalla
    Rozalla is a dance music performer, born to a Zambian mother and a Zimbabwean father...

    , dance music performer
  • Ron Sandler
    Ron Sandler
    -Early life:Sandler was born in Bulawayo, Southern Rhodesia in 1952 and has an undergraduate degree in engineering from Queens' College, Cambridge and an MBA from Stanford University.-Career in the financial sector:...

    , CEO Lloyds of London; Chairman of Northern Rock bank
  • Shingai Shoniwa
    Shingai Shoniwa
    Shingai Elizabeth Maria Shoniwa is an English singer of Zimbabwean descent and best known as the vocalist and bassist for the UK indie rock band Noisettes...

    , rock musician
  • Alexander McCall Smith
    Alexander McCall Smith
    Alexander "Sandy" McCall Smith, CBE, FRSE, is a Rhodesian-born Scottish writer and Emeritus Professor of Medical Law at the University of Edinburgh. In the late 20th century, McCall Smith became a respected expert on medical law and bioethics and served on British and international committees...

    , CBE
    Order of the British Empire
    The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is an order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by George V of the United Kingdom. The Order comprises five classes in civil and military divisions...

    , FRSE
    Royal Society of Edinburgh
    The Royal Society of Edinburgh is Scotland's national academy of science and letters. It is a registered charity, operating on a wholly independent and non-party-political basis and providing public benefit throughout Scotland...

    , writer and Emeritus Professor of Medical Law at the University of Edinburgh
    University of Edinburgh
    The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1583, is a public research university located in Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The university is deeply embedded in the fabric of the city, with many of the buildings in the historic Old Town belonging to the university...

    , Scotland
    Scotland
    Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain, it shares a border with England to the south and is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the...

    ; author of The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency
    The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency
    The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency is a series of twelve novels by Scottish author Alexander McCall Smith. The agency is located in Gaborone, capital of Botswana. Its founder is a Motswana woman, Mma Precious Ramotswe, who features as the stories' protagonist and main detective...

    series
  • Joseph Sonnabend
    Joseph Sonnabend
    Joseph Adolph Sonnabend, M.D. is a distinguished retired physician, scientist and AIDS researcher, notable for pioneering community-based research, the propagation of safe sex to prevent infection, and an early and unconventional multifactorial model of AIDS...

    , physician, researcher, part of team to discover interferon
  • Heath Streak
    Heath Streak
    Heath Hilton Streak is a former Zimbabwean cricketer. He made his Test debut in Zimbabwe's tour of Pakistan 1993/1994 making his mark by taking 8 wickets in the 2nd Test at Rawalpindi...

    , cricketer and former captain of the Zimbabwe team
  • Yvonne Vera
    Yvonne Vera
    Yvonne Vera was an award-winning author from Zimbabwe. Her novels are known for their poetic prose, difficult subject-matter, and their strong women characters, and are firmly rooted in Zimbabwe's difficult past...

    , award-winning author
  • David Coltart
    David Coltart
    David Coltart is a Zimbabwean lawyer, Christian leader and politician. He was a founding member of the Movement for Democratic Change when it was established in 1999 and its founding Secretary for Legal Affairs. He was the Member of Parliament for Bulawayo South in the House of Assembly from 2000...

     Minister of Education, Sports, Arts and Culture. (2008–present)
  • Charles Mhlauri, football coach, former Zimbabwe National Team Coach (Warriors)
  • David Dewar, Professor of Town Planning, University of Cape Town
  • Neil Dewar
    Neil Dewar
    Neil Hamilton Dewar was a Scottish footballer who played for Third Lanark, Manchester United, Sheffield Wednesday and the Scotland national team. He usually played as a forward and had a prolific goal scoring record....

    , Professr of Geography, University of Cape Town
  • Bruce Millar, Actor, singer, radio personality, S African Broadcasting Corporation
  • Freda Keet, Actress, radio announcer at Voice of Israel, public speaker
  • Yolanda Sonnabend, artist, famous London stage and costume designer
  • Deborah Sharon Abeles, well known Swiss artist, with "Dessa" as artist-name

External links