Budapest Offensive

Budapest Offensive

Discussion
Ask a question about 'Budapest Offensive'
Start a new discussion about 'Budapest Offensive'
Answer questions from other users
Full Discussion Forum
 
Encyclopedia
[[File:Eastern Front 1943-08 to 1944-12.png|thumb|300px|Budapest Offensive, together with other Soviet Balkan offensives are covered by the green area in the south.]] {{Campaignbox Axis-Soviet War}} {{Campaignbox Hungary 1944-1945}} The '''Budapest Offensive''' was the general attack by [[Red Army|Soviet forces]] against Germany and their allies from the territory of [[Hungary]]. The offensive lasted from 29 October 1944 until [[Battle of Budapest|the fall of Budapest]] on 13 February 1945. ==Prelude== Having secured [[Romania]] in the summer [[Jassy–Kishinev Offensive]], the Soviet forces continued their push in the [[Balkans]]. The Red Army occupied [[Bucharest]] on 31 August and then swept westward across the [[Carpathian Mountains]] into [[Hungary]] and southward into [[Bulgaria]]. In the process, the Red Army’s forces drew German reserves away from the [[Warsaw]]-[[Berlin]] central axis, encircled and destroyed the [[Sixth Army (Germany)|German 6. ''Armee'']] (for the second time) and forced [[Army Group South Ukraine]]’s shattered [[Eighth Army (Germany)|8. ''Armee'']] to withdraw westward into Hungary. ==The offensive== From October 1944, the [[2nd Ukrainian Front|2nd]], [[3rd Ukrainian Front|3rd]], and [[4th Ukrainian Front]]s advanced into Hungary. After isolating the Hungarian capital city in late December, the Soviets [[Siege of Budapest|besieged and assaulted Budapest]]. On 13 February 1945, the city fell. While this destroyed most of the German forces in the region, troops were rushed from the [[Western Front (World War II)|Western Front]] and, in March, the Germans launched the ill fated [[Operation Frühlingserwachen|Operation Spring Awakening]] (''Unternehmen Frühlingserwachen'') in the Lake Balaton area. The expansive goals of this operation were to protect one of the last oil producing regions available to the Axis and to retake Budapest. Neither goal was achieved. In that period in the nearby operations, the Soviets also advanced into [[Yugoslavia]] and [[Belgrade Offensive|liberated Belgrade]] in cooperation with [[Yugoslav partisans|Tito’s partisan forces]]. According to Soviet information, the Germans and Hungarians lost only in Budapest 49,000 dead soldiers, 110,000 captured and 269 tanks. ==See also== *[[Siege of Budapest]] *[[Operation Frühlingserwachen|Operation Spring Awakening]] (''Unternehmen Frühlingserwachen'') *[[Soviet occupation of Hungary]] ==Recommended reading== *[[David M. Glantz]], [http://www.strom.clemson.edu/publications/sg-war41-45.pdf The Soviet‐German War 1941–45]: Myths and Realities: A Survey Essay. {{World War II}} {{coord missing}}