Brutus

Brutus

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Brutus is the cognomen
Cognomen
The cognomen nōmen "name") was the third name of a citizen of Ancient Rome, under Roman naming conventions. The cognomen started as a nickname, but lost that purpose when it became hereditary. Hereditary cognomina were used to augment the second name in order to identify a particular branch within...

 of the Roman
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome was a thriving civilization that grew on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC. Located along the Mediterranean Sea and centered on the city of Rome, it expanded to one of the largest empires in the ancient world....

 gens Junia, a prominent family of the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
The Roman Republic was the period of the ancient Roman civilization where the government operated as a republic. It began with the overthrow of the Roman monarchy, traditionally dated around 508 BC, and its replacement by a government headed by two consuls, elected annually by the citizens and...

. The plural of Brutus is Bruti, and the vocative
Vocative case
The vocative case is the case used for a noun identifying the person being addressed and/or occasionally the determiners of that noun. A vocative expression is an expression of direct address, wherein the identity of the party being spoken to is set forth expressly within a sentence...

 form is Brute, as immortalized in the quotation "Et tu, Brute?
Et tu, Brute?
"Et tu, Brute?" is a Latin phrase often used poetically to represent the last words of Roman dictator Julius Caesar to his friend Marcus Brutus at the moment of his assassination. It can be variously translated as "Even you, Brutus?","And you, Brutus?", "You too, Brutus?", "Thou too, Brutus?" or...

", from Shakespeare's
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon"...

 play, Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar (play)
The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, also known simply as Julius Caesar, is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in 1599. It portrays the 44 BC conspiracy against...

.

Notable ancient Romans with this cognomen include:
  • Lucius Junius Brutus
    Lucius Junius Brutus
    Lucius Junius Brutus was the founder of the Roman Republic and traditionally one of the first consuls in 509 BC. He was claimed as an ancestor of the Roman gens Junia, including Marcus Junius Brutus, the most famous of Caesar's assassins.- Background :...

     — traditional founder of the Republic
    Roman Republic
    The Roman Republic was the period of the ancient Roman civilization where the government operated as a republic. It began with the overthrow of the Roman monarchy, traditionally dated around 508 BC, and its replacement by a government headed by two consuls, elected annually by the citizens and...

    , whose sons were:
    • Tiberius Junius Brutus
      Tiberius Junius Brutus
      Tiberius Junius Brutus was the younger son of Lucius Junius Brutus, who was one of Rome's first two consuls in 509 BC. His mother was Vitellia....

       — rebel.
    • Titus Junius Brutus
      Titus Junius Brutus
      Titus Junius Brutus was the elder son of Lucius Junius Brutus, who was one of Rome's first two consuls in 509 BC. His mother was Vitellia....

       — rebel.
  • Marcus Junius Brutus the YoungerJulius Caesar
    Julius Caesar
    Gaius Julius Caesar was a Roman general and statesman and a distinguished writer of Latin prose. He played a critical role in the gradual transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire....

    's friend and most famous assassin.
  • Marcus Junius Brutus the Elder
    Marcus Junius Brutus the Elder
    Marcus Junius Brutus, sometimes referred to by modern historians as Marcus Junius Brutus the Elder to distinguish him from his more famous son, was a tribune of the Roman Republic in 83 BC and the founder of the colony in Capua. He was the first husband to Servilia Caepionis, the elder half-sister...

    , the father of the aforementioned assassin.
  • Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus
    Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus
    Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus was a Roman politician and general of the 1st century BC and one of the leading instigators of Julius Caesar's assassination...

     — commander and another one of Caesar's assassins.
  • Decimus Junius Brutus Callaicus
    Decimus Junius Brutus Callaicus
    Decimus Junius Brutus Callaicus was a Roman politician and general of the 2nd century BC. He was the son of the consul Marcus Junius Brutus and brother of the praetor Marcus Junius Brutus; he himself was appointed consul in 138 BC...

     — commander and consul of Hispania Ulterior
    Hispania Ulterior
    During the Roman Republic, Hispania Ulterior was a region of Hispania roughly located in Baetica and in the Guadalquivir valley of modern Spain and extending to all of Lusitania and Gallaecia...

     from 138 BC to 136 BC.

See also

  • Junia (gens)
  • Brutus (Cicero)
    Brutus (Cicero)
    Cicero's Brutus is a history of Roman oratory. It is written in the form of a dialogue, in which Brutus and Atticus ask Cicero to describe the qualities of all the leading Roman orators up to their time. It was composed in 46 B.C.-Further reading:*G. V...

    , a history of Roman oratory by Cicero
    Cicero
    Marcus Tullius Cicero , was a Roman philosopher, statesman, lawyer, political theorist, and Roman constitutionalist. He came from a wealthy municipal family of the equestrian order, and is widely considered one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists.He introduced the Romans to the chief...

    , named after Caesar's assassin.
  • Brutus of Troy
    Brutus of Troy
    Brutus or Brute of Troy is a legendary descendant of the Trojan hero Æneas, known in mediæval British legend as the eponymous founder and first king of Britain...

     who, according to legend, founded Britain.
  • Brutus Greenshield
    Brutus Greenshield
    Brutus Greenshield was a legendary king of the Britons as accounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth. He was the son of King Ebraucus....

    , legendary king of the Britons.
  • "Junius Brutus", the pen name of the author Charles Blount
    Charles Blount (deist)
    Charles Blount was a British deist and controversialist who published several anonymous essays critical of the existing English order.-Life:...

    .
  • "Brutus", the pen name of Robert Yates
    Robert Yates (politician)
    Robert Yates was a politician and judge well known for his Anti-Federalist stances. He is also well known as the presumed author of political essays published in 1787 and 1788 under the pseudonyms "Brutus" and "Sydney"...

    .
  • Bluto
    Bluto
    Bluto is a cartoon and comics character created in 1932 by Elzie Crisler Segar as a one-time character, named "Bluto the Terrible", in his Thimble Theatre comic strip . Bluto made his first appearance September 12 of that year...

    , villain in Popeye, renamed Brutus from 1960–62
  • Brutus
    Brutus (Canadian band)
    Brutus was a Canadian rock band formed in 1969 and active, with interruptions, between 1969 and 1978.-History:The original band consisted of Walter Zwolinski as vocalist, Tom Wilson as bassist, Michael Magann on trumpet, Lance Wright on drums, Sonny Wingay on guitar, and Bill Robb on sax and...

    , Canadian band featuring Paul Dean of Loverboy
    Loverboy
    Loverboy is a Canadian rock group formed in 1980 in Calgary, Alberta. Throughout the 1980s, the band accumulated numerous hit songs in Canada and the United States, earning four multi-platinum albums and selling millions of records...

    fame.