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Bruno Munari

Bruno Munari

Overview
Bruno Munari was an Italian artist and designer, who contributed fundamentals to many fields of visual arts
Visual arts
The visual arts are art forms that create works which are primarily visual in nature, such as ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture, printmaking, design, crafts, and often modern visual arts and architecture...

 (painting, sculpture, film, industrial design
Industrial design
Industrial design is the use of a combination of applied art and applied science to improve the aesthetics, ergonomics, and usability of a product, but it may also be used to improve the product's marketability and production...

, graphic design
Graphic design
Graphic design is a creative process – most often involving a client and a designer and usually completed in conjunction with producers of form – undertaken in order to convey a specific message to a targeted audience...

) and non visual arts (literature, poetry) with his research on games, didactic method and creativity.

Bruno Munari was born in Milan but spent his childhood and teenage years in Badia Polesine
Badia Polesine
Badia Polesine is a comune in the Province of Rovigo in the Italian region Veneto, located about 70 km southwest of Venice and about 25 km west of Rovigo...

. In 1925 he returned to Milan where he started to work with his uncle who was an engineer.
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Encyclopedia
Bruno Munari was an Italian artist and designer, who contributed fundamentals to many fields of visual arts
Visual arts
The visual arts are art forms that create works which are primarily visual in nature, such as ceramics, drawing, painting, sculpture, printmaking, design, crafts, and often modern visual arts and architecture...

 (painting, sculpture, film, industrial design
Industrial design
Industrial design is the use of a combination of applied art and applied science to improve the aesthetics, ergonomics, and usability of a product, but it may also be used to improve the product's marketability and production...

, graphic design
Graphic design
Graphic design is a creative process – most often involving a client and a designer and usually completed in conjunction with producers of form – undertaken in order to convey a specific message to a targeted audience...

) and non visual arts (literature, poetry) with his research on games, didactic method and creativity.

Biography


Bruno Munari was born in Milan but spent his childhood and teenage years in Badia Polesine
Badia Polesine
Badia Polesine is a comune in the Province of Rovigo in the Italian region Veneto, located about 70 km southwest of Venice and about 25 km west of Rovigo...

. In 1925 he returned to Milan where he started to work with his uncle who was an engineer. In 1927, he started to follow Marinetti and the Futurist
Futurism (art)
Futurism was an artistic and social movement that originated in Italy in the early 20th century. It emphasized and glorified themes associated with contemporary concepts of the future, including speed, technology, youth and violence, and objects such as the car, the airplane and the industrial city...

 movement, displaying his work in many exhibitions. Three years later he associated with Riccardo Castagnedi (Ricas), with whom he worked as a graphic designer until 1938. During a trip to Paris
Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...

, in 1933, he met Louis Aragon
Louis Aragon
Louis Aragon , was a French poet, novelist and editor, a long-time member of the Communist Party and a member of the Académie Goncourt.- Early life :...

 and André Breton
André Breton
André Breton was a French writer and poet. He is known best as the founder of Surrealism. His writings include the first Surrealist Manifesto of 1924, in which he defined surrealism as "pure psychic automatism"....

. From 1939 to 1945 he worked as a press graphic designer for the Mondadori editor, and as art director of Tempo Magazine. At the same time he began designing books for children, originally created for his son Alberto.

In 1948, Munari, Gillo Dorfles, Gianni Monnet and Atanasio Soldati, founded Movimento Arte Concreta (MAC), the Italian movement for concrete art
Concrete art
Concrete art and design or concretism is an abstractionist movement that evolved in the 1930s out of the work of De Stijl, the futurists and Kandinsky around the Swiss painter Max Bill. The term "concrete art" was first introduced by Theo van Doesburg in his "Manifesto of Concrete Art"...

.

In 1969 Munari, worried by the incorrect perception of his artistic work, which is still confused with the other genres of his activity (didactics, design
Industrial design
Industrial design is the use of a combination of applied art and applied science to improve the aesthetics, ergonomics, and usability of a product, but it may also be used to improve the product's marketability and production...

, graphics
Graphic design
Graphic design is a creative process – most often involving a client and a designer and usually completed in conjunction with producers of form – undertaken in order to convey a specific message to a targeted audience...

), selected art historian Miroslava Hajek as curator of a selection of his most important works. This collection, structured chronologically, shows his continuous creativity, thematical coherence and the evolution of his esthetical philosophy throughout all of his artistic life.

Awards and recognitions

  • Compasso d'Oro
    Compasso d'Oro
    Compasso d'Oro is the name of an Industrial Design award originated in Italy in 1954 by the La Rinascente company from an original idea of Gio Ponti and Alberto Rosselli. From 1964 it has been hosted exclusively by Associazione per il Disegno Industriale . It is the first and most recognized award...

    award from the ADI (Associazione per il Disegno Industriale) (1954, 1955, 1979)
  • Golden medal of the Triennale di Milano for the "Libri illeggibili" book (1957)
  • Andersen
    Hans Christian Andersen
    Hans Christian Andersen was a Danish author, fairy tale writer, and poet noted for his children's stories. These include "The Steadfast Tin Soldier," "The Snow Queen," "The Little Mermaid," "Thumbelina," "The Little Match Girl," and "The Ugly Duckling."...

     award as best child author (1974)
  • Honorable mention from the New York
    New York
    New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is the nation's third most populous state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east...

     Science Academy (1974)
  • Graphic award in the Bologna Fair
    Bologna Children's Book Fair
    The Bologna Children's Book Fair or La fiera del libro per ragazzi is the leading professional fair for children's books in the world.Since 1963, it is held yearly for four days in March or April in Bologna, Italy...

     for the childhood (1984)
  • Award from the Japan Design Foundation, for the intense human value of his design (1985)
  • Lego
    Lego
    Lego is a line of construction toys manufactured by the Lego Group, a privately held company based in Billund, Denmark. The company's flagship product, Lego, consists of colorful interlocking plastic bricks and an accompanying array of gears, minifigures and various other parts...

     award for his exceptional contributions to the development of creativity for children (1986)
  • Award from Accademia dei Lincei
    Accademia dei Lincei
    The Accademia dei Lincei, , is an Italian science academy, located at the Palazzo Corsini on the Via della Lungara in Rome, Italy....

     for his graphic work (1988)
  • Award Spiel Gut of Ulm
    Ulm
    Ulm is a city in the federal German state of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the River Danube. The city, whose population is estimated at 120,000 , forms an urban district of its own and is the administrative seat of the Alb-Donau district. Ulm, founded around 850, is rich in history and...

     (1971, 1973, 1987)
  • Honoris causa in architettura from the Genova University (1989)
  • ADCI Milan Hall of Fame in Creativity and Communication (1990)
  • of the Brera Academy - Marconi award (1992)
  • Cavaliere di Gran Croce (1994)
  • Honorable partnership of the Harvard University
    Harvard University
    Harvard University is a private Ivy League university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States, established in 1636 by the Massachusetts legislature. Harvard is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States and the first corporation chartered in the country...


Books for children


The Elephant's Wish, 1945 THE WORLD PUBLISHING COMPANY Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 59-9957

Further reading

  • Miroslava Hajek, Luca Panaro, "Fantasia esatta i colori della luce di Bruno Munari", APM edizioni, 2008, ISBN 978-88-89109-28-1.
  • Francesco Franco, "Gianni Rodari e Bruno Munari. I cinque libri: racconti e disegni brevi", in "Bollettino '900", 2007, n. 1-2, .
  • Francesco Franco, "Bruno Munari. Dalla copertina alla coperta, fino al riciclaggio del ciclo", in "BTA - Bollettino Telematico dell’Arte", 21/3/2007, n. 451, .
  • Miriam Nocchi Croccolo, Un progetto a lungo termine. I laboratori di Bruno Munari, Edizioni ETS, Pisa 2005.
  • Bruno Corà, Pietro Bellasi, Alberto Fiz, Miroslava Hajek, Guido Magnaguagno, Tinguely e Munari. Opere in azione, Mazzotta Editore, Milano 2004, ISBN 88-202-1693-0.
  • Giorgio Maffei, Munari: i libri, Sylvestre Bonnard, 2002.
  • Claude Lichtenstein, Alfredo Haberli - Air Made Visible: A Visual Reader on Bruno Munari, Lars Muller, 2000.
  • Beppe Finessi, Su Munari - Abitare Segesta, 1999.
  • Alberto Fiz, Omaggio a Bruno Munari, Mazzotta editore, Milano 1999.
  • Miroslava Hajek, Bruno Munari, Revue Svetovej Literatury, 1997 n°1, page 145.
  • Miroslava Hajek, Bruno Munari, Instalace edizioni GKK 1997, ISBN 80-85628-22-XI.
  • Mostra di Bruno Munari, inventore artista scrittore designer architetto grafico gioca con i bambini, Corraini Editore, Milano 1995.
  • Marco Meneguzzo, Bruno Munari Mostra Collettiva, Adulti e bambini in zone inesplorate, Corraini Editore, Milano 1994.
  • Marco Meneguzzo, Bruno Munari, Laterza, 1993.
  • Marco Meneguzzo, Munari '50, La bellezza come funzione, Corraini Editore, 1991.
  • Bruno Munari, Editore Electa, 1986.
  • Aldo Tanchis, Bruno Munari, Idea Books, 1986.
  • Luciano Marucci, Viaggi nell'arte. Bruno Munari. Creativa mente, Cauda Pavonis, 1986.

External links

  • http://www.munart.org/index.php?p2=0