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Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald

Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald

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Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald is a district
Districts of Germany
The districts of Germany are known as , except in the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein where they are known simply as ....

 (Kreis) in the south of Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg is one of the 16 states of Germany. Baden-Württemberg is in the southwestern part of the country to the east of the Upper Rhine, and is the third largest in both area and population of Germany's sixteen states, with an area of and 10.7 million inhabitants...

, Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

. Neighboring districts are Emmendingen
Emmendingen (district)
Emmendingen is a district in the west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are Ortenaukreis, Schwarzwald-Baar, Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald and the district-free city Freiburg...

, Schwarzwald-Baar, Waldshut, Lörrach
Lörrach (district)
Lörrach is a Kreis in the south-west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald and Waldshut...

 and the French
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

 départements of the Haut-Rhin
Haut-Rhin
Haut-Rhin is a département of the Alsace region of France, named after the Rhine river. Its name means Upper Rhine. Haut-Rhin is the smaller and less populated of the two departements of Alsace, although is still densely populated compared to the rest of France.-Subdivisions:The department...

 and the Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin is a department of France. The name means "Lower Rhine". It is the more populous and densely populated of the two departments of the Alsace region, with 1,079,013 inhabitants in 2006.- History :...

. The district-free city of Freiburg
Freiburg
Freiburg im Breisgau is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. In the extreme south-west of the country, it straddles the Dreisam river, at the foot of the Schlossberg. Historically, the city has acted as the hub of the Breisgau region on the western edge of the Black Forest in the Upper Rhine Plain...

 is surrounded by the district. The District is named after the Breisgau
Breisgau
Breisgau is the name of an area in southwest Germany, placed between the river Rhine and the foothills of the Black Forest around Freiburg im Breisgau in the state of Baden-Württemberg. The district Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, which partly consists of the Breisgau, is named after that area...

, a historical territory, and the high parts of the Black Forest
Black Forest
The Black Forest is a wooded mountain range in Baden-Württemberg, southwestern Germany. It is bordered by the Rhine valley to the west and south. The highest peak is the Feldberg with an elevation of 1,493 metres ....

 (Hochschwarzwald).

History


The district was created in 1973 by merging the previous districts of Freiburg, Müllheim und Hochschwarzwald.

Geography


Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald is a large and rural district with at least three distinct landscapes:
  1. the river plain of the Upper Rhine
    Upper Rhine
    The Upper Rhine is the section of the Rhine in the Upper Rhine Plain between Basel, Switzerland and Bingen, Germany. The river is marked by Rhine-kilometers 170 to 529 ....

     (Oberrheinebene) with the Kaiserstuhl
    Kaiserstuhl
    The „Kaiserstuhl“ is a relatively low mountain range – a Mittelgebirge – with a maximal height of 556.6 m above sea level. It is of volcanic origin and located in the South West of Baden-Württemberg, Germany in the districts of Emmendingen and Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald...

     mountain, the Tuniberg
    Tuniberg
    Tuniberg is a mountain of Baden-Württemberg, Germany....

    , the Breisgau
    Breisgau
    Breisgau is the name of an area in southwest Germany, placed between the river Rhine and the foothills of the Black Forest around Freiburg im Breisgau in the state of Baden-Württemberg. The district Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, which partly consists of the Breisgau, is named after that area...

     and the Markgräflerland
    Markgräflerland
    Markgräflerland is a region in the southwest of Germany, in the south of the German federal state of Baden-Württemberg, located between the Breisgau in the north and the Black Forest in the east.-History and geography:...

  2. the slopes of the Black Forest
    Black Forest
    The Black Forest is a wooded mountain range in Baden-Württemberg, southwestern Germany. It is bordered by the Rhine valley to the west and south. The highest peak is the Feldberg with an elevation of 1,493 metres ....

     mountains, with Black Forest valleys reaching to the Rhine, such as Glottertal
    Glottertal
    Glottertal is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.-History:From 1567 till the Napoleonic Wars the area was part of Further Austria and therefore part of the Habsburg Monarchy...

    , Dreisamtal, Höllental
    Höllental
    The Höllental, English translation "Hell Valley" or "Valley of Hell" is one of the routes on the German side leading up the Zugspitze on the German-Austrian border in the northern Alps. It is located in the district of Garmisch-Partenkirchen.-See also:...

     and Münstertal
  3. the higher mountain ranges of the Black Forest
    Black Forest
    The Black Forest is a wooded mountain range in Baden-Württemberg, southwestern Germany. It is bordered by the Rhine valley to the west and south. The highest peak is the Feldberg with an elevation of 1,493 metres ....

     (Hochschwarzwald), including the highest mountain in the Black Forest, the Feldberg
    Feldberg
    * Feldberg , a mountain* Großer Feldberg and Kleiner Feldberg, mountains of the Taunus range* Feldberg, Baden-Württemberg, a village and commune* Feldberg, Mecklenburg, a populated place* Feldberg , a mountain...

     (1493 m)


The economy is based on tourism
Tourism
Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes".Tourism has become a...

, wine
Wine
Wine is an alcoholic beverage, made of fermented fruit juice, usually from grapes. The natural chemical balance of grapes lets them ferment without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, or other nutrients. Grape wine is produced by fermenting crushed grapes using various types of yeast. Yeast...

, and forestry
Forestry
Forestry is the interdisciplinary profession embracing the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and associated resources in a sustainable manner to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human benefit. Forestry is practiced in plantations and natural stands...

.

Politics


Politically, the majority of the district parliament (Kreistag) is traditionally conservative (CDU), with higher levels of conservative votes the farther the distance from Freiburg (which has a red
Social Democratic Party of Germany
The Social Democratic Party of Germany is a social-democratic political party in Germany...

-green majority).

Coat of arms

The left half of the coat of arms show the colors of Austria
Austria
Austria , officially the Republic of Austria , is a landlocked country of roughly 8.4 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the...

, and the right side the colors of Baden, as parts of the District belonged to both states at various times. In the middle, the coat of arms shows an eagle
Eagle (heraldry)
The eagle is used in heraldry as a charge, as a supporter, and as a crest. Parts of the eagle's body such as its head, wings or leg are also used as a charge or crest....

, taken from the coat of arms of the Princes of Fürstenberg
Fürstenberg (state)
Fürstenberg was a county of the Holy Roman Empire in Swabia, present-day southern Baden-Württemberg, Germany.-History:...

. The coat of arms was granted in 1974, and it is very similar to the coat of arms of the previous Freiburg district.

Cities and municipalities

Cities
  1. Bad Krozingen
    Bad Krozingen
    Bad Krozingen is a spa town in the district Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 15 km southwest of Freiburg....

  2. Breisach
    Breisach
    Breisach is a town with approximately 16,500 inhabitants, situated along the Rhine in the Rhine Valley, in the district Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, about halfway between Freiburg and Colmar — 20 kilometres away from each — and about 60 kilometres north of Basel near the...

  3. Heitersheim
    Heitersheim
    Heitersheim is a town in the district Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.The name of the school located in Heitersheim is Johanniterschule.-Geography:...

  4. Löffingen
    Löffingen
    Löffingen is a town in the district Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 14 km southwest of Donaueschingen, and 40 km southeast of Freiburg....

  5. Müllheim
    Müllheim
    Müllheim is a town in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. It belongs to the district Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald. Müllheim is generally considered to be the center of the region known as Markgräflerland.-History:...

  6. Neuenburg am Rhein
    Neuenburg am Rhein
    Neuenburg am Rhein is a town in the district Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. It is situated on the right bank of the Rhine, 18 km northeast of Mulhouse, and 28 km north of Basel.- References :...

  7. Staufen im Breisgau
  8. Sulzburg
    Sulzburg
    Sulzburg is a town in the district Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated on the western slope of the Black Forest, 20 km southwest of Freiburg.Sulzburg's lovely, barrel-vaulted synagogue has been completely restored....

  9. Titisee-Neustadt
    Titisee-Neustadt
    Titisee-Neustadt is a municipality in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. It is made up of the six communities of Neustadt, Langenordnach, Rudenberg, Titisee, Schwärzenbach and Waldau.The town of Neustadt is a spa known for its Kneipp hydrotherapeutic...

  10. Vogtsburg
    Vogtsburg
    Vogtsburg im Kaiserstuhl is a town in the Kaiserstuhl, a volcanic region in the district Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, Baden-Württemberg. It has a population of about 5,700 and was created on January 1, 1975 through the unification of seven smaller villages...



  1. Breitnau
    Breitnau
    Breitnau is a municipality in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in the Black Forest in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.-History:Breitnau is first mentioned 1275 as Breittnowe but is probably older since the first church was built around 1200...


  2. Buchenbach
    Buchenbach
    Buchenbach is a municipality in the south west of the Black Forest. It is located in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. It is made up of four communities, the main town of Buchenbach and the villages of Falkensteig, Unteribental and Wagensteig...


  3. Buggingen
    Buggingen
    Buggingen is a municipality in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany located between the Rhine Valley and the Black Forest on the northern edge of Markgräflerland....


  4. Ebringen
    Ebringen
    Ebringen is a municipality in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.-Geography:Ebringen is located southern of Freiburg and belongs to the Freiburg metropolitan area.-Topography:-Council:...


  5. Ehrenkirchen
    Ehrenkirchen
    Ehrenkirchen is a municipality in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.-History:Five Municipalities - Kirchhofen, Ehrenstetten, Scherzingen, Norsingen and Offnadingen - merged in 1973/74. The name of the new municipality, Ehrenkirchen, is an acronym of Ehrenstetten...


  6. Eichstetten am Kaiserstuhl
    Eichstetten am Kaiserstuhl
    Eichstetten am Kaiserstuhl is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in Germany....


  7. Eisenbach
    Eisenbach
    Eisenbach is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in Germany....


  8. Eschbach
    Eschbach, Baden-Württemberg
    Eschbach is a town in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district, Baden-Württemberg, Germany....


  9. Feldberg
    Feldberg, Baden-Württemberg
    Feldberg is a municipality in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. It is located near the Feldberg. At an elevation of 1277m, it is considered the highest village in Germany.-External links:*...


  10. Friedenweiler
    Friedenweiler
    Friedenweiler is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. It is 10 km north of Titisee-Neustadt....


  11. Glottertal
    Glottertal
    Glottertal is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.-History:From 1567 till the Napoleonic Wars the area was part of Further Austria and therefore part of the Habsburg Monarchy...


  12. Gottenheim
    Gottenheim
    Gottenheim is an independent village at the northern tip of the Tuniberg, 15 km west of Freiburg im Breisgau. It is located in the administrative region Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany....


  13. Gundelfingen
    Gundelfingen
    Gundelfingen im Breisgau is a municipality directly north of the city Freiburg in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.Gundelfingen is one of the larger municipalities in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district...


  14. Hartheim
    Hartheim
    Hartheim is a town in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district, Baden-Württemberg, Germany....


  15. Heuweiler
    Heuweiler
    Heuweiler is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in Germany....


  16. Hinterzarten
    Hinterzarten
    Hinterzarten is a resort village in the Black Forest , located in the southwest of the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Although Hinterzarten is mostly famous for its ski jumpers, it also has many tourist attractions .- Hinterzarten :Hinterzarten was founded in 1148...


  17. Horben
    Horben
    Horben is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in Germany....


  18. Ihringen
    Ihringen
    Ihringen is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in Germany....


  19. Kirchzarten
    Kirchzarten
    Kirchzarten is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in the federal-state of Baden-Württemberg in southwestern Germany.A Zionist agricultural training farm was founded in Kirchzarten in 1919 to prepare young people to become farmers in Eretz Israel.The Kirchzarten synagogue had a set...




  1. Lenzkirch
    Lenzkirch
    Lenzkirch is a municipality in the Black Forest. It lies in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in Germany.-Geography:...


  2. March
    March, Breisgau
    March is a municipality in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.-History:The four villages of Buchheim, Hugstetten, Neuershausen and Holzhausen merged in 1973 to the new community of March.-Coat of arms:...


  3. Merdingen
    Merdingen
    Merdingen is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. Merdingen's main industry are vineyards. Jan Ullrich was a notable resident until 2002....


  4. Merzhausen
    Merzhausen
    Merzhausen is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in Germany.*...


  5. Münstertal
    Münstertal, Black Forest
    Münstertal is a municipality in the southern Black Forest, which belongs to the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. It is 3 miles east from Staufen.-Notes:...


  6. Oberried
    Oberried, Germany
    Oberried is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.Oberried is home to the Barbarastollen caves, the central safekeeping archive of Germany. The Barbarastollen holds microfilms with millions of images from German archives and museums.- References :...


  7. Pfaffenweiler
    Pfaffenweiler
    Pfaffenweiler is a village in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. Around 1850, over 200 inhabitants of Pfaffenweiler emigrated to the United States, and settled in Jasper, Indiana. Pfaffenweiler maintains a partnership with Jasper, as a part of which...


  8. Schallstadt
    Schallstadt
    Schallstadt is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in Germany....


  9. Schluchsee
    Schluchsee, Baden-Württemberg
    Schluchsee is a town in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is located near the reservoir Schluchsee.-External links:*...


  10. Sölden
    Sölden, Germany
    Sölden is a town in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany....


  11. Sankt Märgen
    Sankt Märgen
    Sankt Märgen is a German municipality in the middle of the Black Forest, which belongs to the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald. The Kurort is located around 25 km north of Freiburg im Breisgau.como soy yo-yo soy asi:...


  12. Sankt Peter
    Sankt Peter, Baden-Württemberg
    Sankt Peter is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in Germany.-External links:...


  13. Stegen
    Stegen
    Stegen is a small town in the commune of "Aerenzdallgemeng", in eastern Luxembourg. , the town has a population of 395....


  14. Umkirch
    Umkirch
    Umkirch is a municipality in the district Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is located around 5 kilometres west of Freiburg im Breisgau.-History:...


  15. Wittnau
    Wittnau, Germany
    Wittnau is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in Germany....


Municipalities
  1. Au
    Au (Schwarzwald)
    Au is a municipality in Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, Baden-Württemberg, Germany....

  2. Auggen
    Auggen
    Auggen is a municipality in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. It also belongs to a region called Markgräflerland that has both cultural and historical importance....

  3. Badenweiler
    Badenweiler
    Badenweiler, a health resort and spa of the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, historically in the Markgräflerland. It is 28 kilometers by road and rail from Basel, 10 kilometers from the French border, and 20 kilometers away from Mulhouse...

  4. Ballrechten-Dottingen
    Ballrechten-Dottingen
    Ballrechten-Dottingen is a small village in Markgräflerland in the southwest of Germany. It is situated at the western edge of Black Forest.-External links:*...

  5. Bötzingen
    Bötzingen
    Bötzingen is a municipality in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district, Baden-Württemberg, Germany....

  6. Bollschweil
    Bollschweil
    Bollschweil is a municipality in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, located approximately 10 km south of Freiburg.-History:...


External links