to the south, Chile
by the south west, and Peru
by the west.
Prior to European colonization
, the Andean
region of Bolivia was a part of the Inca Empire
the largest state in Pre-Columbian America.
1809 The city of La Paz, in what is today Bolivia, declares its independence from the Spanish Crown during the La Paz revolution and forms the Junta Tuitiva, the first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo.
1812 Bolivian War of Independence: In Bolivia, the Battle of La Coronilla, in which the women from Cochabamba fight against the Spanish army.
1825 Bolivia gains independence from Spain.
1839 In the Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats an alliance between Peru and Bolivia.
1879 The War of the Pacific breaks out when Chilean armed forces occupy the Bolivian port city of Antofagasta.
1879 War of the Pacific is fought between Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile takes over Arica and Tarapacá, leaving Bolivia as a landlocked country.
1879 Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
1932 Crowds in the capitals of Bolivia and Paraguay demand their governments declare war on the other after fighting on their border.
1932 Chaco War: Last day of the Battle of Boquerón between Paraguay and Bolivia.
1935 Chaco War ends: a truce is called between Bolivia and Paraguay who had been fighting since 1932.