Bioelectronics

Bioelectronics

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Bioelectronics is a recently coined term for a field of research that works to establish a synergy between electronics and biology. One of the main forums for information about the field is the Elsevier journal Biosensors and Bioelectronics, published since 1990. The journal describes the scope of bioelectronics as follows:

See also

  • Biomedical engineering
    Biomedical engineering
    Biomedical Engineering is the application of engineering principles and design concepts to medicine and biology. This field seeks to close the gap between engineering and medicine: It combines the design and problem solving skills of engineering with medical and biological sciences to improve...

  • Bioelectrochemistry
    Bioelectrochemistry
    Bioelectrochemistry is a branch of electrochemistry concerned with topics like cell electron-proton transport, cell membrane potentials and electrode reactions of redox enzymes.-History:...

  • Bioelectrochemical reactor
    Bioelectrochemical reactor
    Bioelectrochemical reactors are a type of bioreactor where bioelectrochemical processes can take place. They are used in bioelectrochemical syntheses, environmental remediation and electrochemical energy conversion...

  • Chemotronics
    Chemotronics
    Chemotronics is an intersection field of chemistry and electronics dealing with the design of electrochemical and optical chemical sensors. One of pioneers of this field was Alexander Frumkin.-See also:*Bioelectronics...

  • Electrochemical engineering
    Electrochemical engineering
    Electrochemical engineering is the branch of engineering dealing with the technological applications of electrochemical phenomena...

  • Neurophysics
    Neurophysics
    Neurophysics is the branch of biophysics dealing with the nervous system. It covers a wide spectrum of phenomena from molecular and cellular mechanisms to techniques to measure and influence the brain and to theories of brain function...

  • Saltatory conduction
    Saltatory conduction
    Saltatory conduction is the propagation of action potentials along myelinated axons from one node of Ranvier to the next node, increasing the conduction velocity of action potentials without needing to increase the diameter of an axon.-Mechanism:Because the cytoplasm of the axon is electrically...

  • GHK current equation
    GHK current equation
    The Goldman–Hodgkin–Katz flux equation describes the ionic flux carried by an ionic species across a cell membrane as a function of the transmembrane potential and the concentrations of the ion inside and outside of the cell...

  • Nernst-Planck equation
    Nernst-Planck equation
    The Nernst–Planck equation is a conservation of mass equation used to describe the motion of chemical species in a fluid medium. It describes the flux of ions under the influence of both an ionic concentration gradient \nabla c and an electric field E=-\nabla \phi...

  • Hodgkin-Huxley model
    Hodgkin-Huxley model
    The Hodgkin–Huxley model is a mathematical model that describes how action potentials in neurons are initiated and propagated....

  • Muscle tone
    Muscle tone
    In physiology, medicine, and anatomy, muscle tone is the continuous and passive partial contraction of the muscles, or the muscle’s resistance to passive stretch during resting state. It helps maintain posture, and it declines during REM sleep.-Purpose:Unconscious nerve impulses maintain the...

  • Patch clamp
    Patch clamp
    The patch clamp technique is a laboratory technique in electrophysiology that allows the study of single or multiple ion channels in cells. The technique can be applied to a wide variety of cells, but is especially useful in the study of excitable cells such as neurons, cardiomyocytes, muscle...

  • Quantitative models of the action potential
    Quantitative models of the action potential
    In neurophysiology, several mathematical models of the action potential have been developed, which fall into two basic types. The first type seeks to model the experimental data quantitatively, i.e., to reproduce the measurements of current and voltage exactly. The renowned Hodgkin-Huxley model of...

  • Cable theory
    Cable theory
    Classical cable theory uses mathematical models to calculate the flow of electric current along passive neuronal fibers particularly dendrites that receive synaptic inputs at different sites and times...