is a district in eastern Gothenburg
Gothenburg is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries. Situated on the west coast of Sweden, the city proper has a population of 519,399, with 549,839 in the urban area and total of 937,015 inhabitants in the metropolitan area...
Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....
. On January 1, 2011, Bergsjön and Kortedala
Kortedala is a district, mainly residential , in the north-eastern part of Gothenburg in western Sweden. The area houses a population of around 10,000 inhabitants and is one of the typical 1950s suburbs of Gothenburg. The area is very lush and green with many trees and parks...
together became the Eastern District of Gothenburg, as a part of a larger reorganization of the City of Gothenburg where the number of district councils has been halved to ten. Bergsjön, as part of Eastern District of Gothenburg, is in turn divided into two smaller areas. Those two areas being Western Bergsjön and Eastern Bergsjön. In Eastern Bergsjön, the construction and forming of the area began in 1965 and in Western Bergsjön construction started in 1967.
According to Göteborgsbladet 2010, where data for the various district councils are presented and where one can find the latest and most requested statistics describing areas in Gothenburg, West Bergsjön has a total of 7 239 inhabitants while East Bergsjön has a total of 8 534 inhabitants. The district has therefore in total, as the latest rapport shows, 15 773 inhabitants.
During the 1900s, a number of Sweden's new inhabitants moved into Bergsjön. Today there are over 140 nationalities represented in Bergsjön.
During the 1600s the forests started to disappear and at that time Gothenburg needed a lot of wood. At the end of the 1700s the forests were gone. The current spruce in Bergsjön was planted around 1910. In late 1800 and early 1900s a few simple residences in Bergsjön was built.
There were simple huts, often with only one room, fireplace and earth floor. Dykärr at Rymdtorget, Spakens at Björnväktarens street and Gröna Vrån near Galileis street are some of these places.
Gärdsås residential area began to be built in the 1920s and may well be considered the first modern buildings in Bergsjön. The communications and the service were bad but the low land prices made the area attractive to people especially among workers at the factories in Gamlestaden. The simple residences disappeared when the construction of today’s Bergsjön started. A place was still there and was inhabited until 1990. It was Gåselyckan the southern part of Bergsjövallen that was built 1916.The construction of today’s Bergsjön began in the 1960s and was planned as a very modern area. All streets and neighborhoods were named with the space theme.
1960s was the space age where more and more satellites was launched to explore the space. In 1950s the new suburbs were called “satellite cities”
that independently circled around the centre of the city. The concept has gotten an extra importance in Bergsjön as the street names have a space theme. Car traffic was separated from the residential areas. Here are mostly rental apartments but also condominiums, townhouses and villas.
When the first sod was cut in 1965, it was a thin layer of soil over the 2000 million years old bedrock shoveled away. This was to be built modern homes for the future Bergsjön inhabitants. New neighborhoods were needed during the industry expansions in the 1960s when Backa and Västra Frölunda were already planned.
Gothenburg felt fully build and the reserve areas in the “generalplanen” from the 1959 must be taken. In forested areas beyond end of the line in Kortedala “bostadsdirektörer” and city planners found a hilly area where the tramway could be extended. Bergsjön was a bit of a comprise solution in a time of pressure and had started to be planned in 1963.
Nature of Bergsjön
Bergsjön is to the surface one of Göteborg’s smaller district councils with a green oasis of clean air and hilly landscapes. Bergsjön is also Göteborg’s highest situated district council with the water tower reaching 150 feet above sea level as its highest point. It is a green, scenic district council with fresh and clean air.
The landscape of Bergsjön consists of two ridges with intermediate valleys. In the southern part there is a small lake – Bergsjön which is the district’s own lake. Around the lake Bergsjön is a walking area that is approximately 40 hectares large and the area is used for walking, outdoor, leisure fishing and ice skating. In the north of the Bergsjön is also a walking area of approximately 40 hectares and the area border to Lärjeån.
In the district there are large areas of mature natural areas between the different neighborhoods. In the southwest region is Gärdsmossen a greenbelt in an old bog which were drained by the ditching in the 1970s. The bog is part of a continuous greenbelt from Kviberg in the south to the exercise facility in Geråshallen and Lärjeån valley in the north.
The area is rich covered with mainly deciduous trees but also with pine forests and remnants of the former wetland vegetation. In the southern part, north of Utby is a small stock of hardwood forests. Forest in the eastern part is a contiguous forest with small lakes and wetlands that extends into Partille and Paradisets resort region and in Sörbergen south of Gunnilse
It takes approximately 20 minutes from central inner Gothenburg to Bergsjön if you are using public transportation. As many inhabitants of Bergsjön don’t have a car there are high demands on a working public transportation.
In Bergsjön there is a central tramway with four stops which goes in both east-west directions through the district. Two tramlines have their final stop at Komettorget. Tram stops have also been refurbished and rebuilt to create a safer and more attractive station environment. From Drottningstorget goes bus through the east areas of Bergsjön to Merkuriusgatan. Bus goes from Komettorget to Angered Centrum. From the spring of 2006, bus also goes from Komettorget via Partille Center from Östra Sjukhuset.
The following buses and trams go to Bergsjön:
Tram: 7 and 11
Bus: 56, 58, 74, 156, 159 and 514.
Bus line 57 goes around the Bergsjön. It runs in two loops from Gärdsås torg as a starting point.
The route for the bus line is:
Gärdsås torg-Keplers gatan-Astronomgatan-Tycho Brahes gata-Gärdsås torg
Gärdsås torg-Siriusgatan 2-Siriusgatan 106-Siriusgatan 78-Siriusgatan 54- Gärdsås torg.
Since the end of 2006, during certain days and times, the opportunity to take Flexlinjen is available in Bergsjön.
Education and schools
In the Bergsjön there are currently five elementary schools and two of them are from the grades of preschool to ninth grade. The schools are the following:
A lot of focused has been taking into consideration when it comes to the schools in Bergsjön when it comes to language in order to help the children and young people to cope better and take responsibility in the future. Within this area when it comes to mother tongue of the children and identity development have been extremely important.
More than a third of students in Bergsjön schools have lived in Sweden for less than four years. For newly arrived students there is introduction schools which helps them take the first step into integrating into Swedish society. The percentage, in Bergsjön, who have Swedish as second language is over 80%. This means that most preschools and schools work with language development.
Bergsjöskolan and Sandeklevsskolan are the districts middle schools, who are open for students, parents and different unions in the afternoons and the nights. The aim with this is to strengthen the role of the school in the district and increase the study motivation as well.
Culture and leisure
The culture in Bergsjön started in Bergsjögården. Bergsjögården was open 4 February in 1970 and the music and theater came early into Bergsjögården.
A group that for an example came early into Bergsjögården was a music and theater group that originally from Lund called Nationalteatern. Youth organization such as Levande Live was also active in Bergsjögården, as the organization was formed in the early 90s and had their own studio where they made musical recordings.
Different cultures also contribute to the music in Bergsjön as for an example when Bosnian family resided in Bergsjön in the middle of 90s their children started playing traditional music from Bosnia and even played hard rock music called “Sarajevo death metal”.
Contributing to the different cultures and influence in Bergsjön are different organizations that are formed and active in the district. In Bergsjön there is around 80 organizations and their associations which are active and their work is very important for the district.
Together they offer a wide range of leisure activities. In addition to traditional activities such as football, handball and outdoor activities, they also runs the leisure park Galaxy, exercise facility Geråshallen, community radio and culture-based activities.