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Battle of Teugen-Hausen

Battle of Teugen-Hausen

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{{Campaignbox Fifth Coalition}} The '''Battle of Teugen-Hausen''' or the '''Battle of Thann''' was fought on 19 April 1809 between the [[First French Empire|French]] III Corps led by [[Marshal of France|Marshal]] [[Louis-Nicolas Davout]] and the [[Austrian Empire|Austrian]] III Armeekorps commanded by [[Prince Friedrich Franz Xaver of Hohenzollern-Hechingen]]. The French won a hard-fought victory over their opponents when the Austrians withdrew that evening. The fighting occurred during the [[War of the Fifth Coalition]], part of the [[Napoleonic Wars]]. The site of the battle is a wooded height approximately halfway between the villages of [[Teugn]] and [[Hausen, Lower Bavaria|Hausen]] in [[Lower Bavaria]], part of modern-day [[Germany]]. Also on 19 April, clashes occurred at '''Arnhofen''' near [[Abensberg]], '''Dünzling''', '''[[Regensburg]]''', and '''[[Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm]]'''. Together with the Battle of Teugen-Hausen, the fighting marked the first day of a four day campaign which culminated in the French victory at the [[Battle of Eckmühl]]. Austria's invasion of the [[Kingdom of Bavaria]] caught Emperor [[Napoleon I of France]]'s Franco-German army by surprise. Though the advance of [[Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen|Archduke Charles']] Austrian army was slow, mistakes by Napoleon's subordinate Marshal [[Louis Alexandre Berthier]] placed Davout's corps in great peril. As Davout withdrew southwest from Regensburg on the south bank of the Danube, Charles tried to intercept the French with three powerful attacking columns. The first Austrian column missed the French altogether, while Davout's cavalry held off the second column. The third column crashed head-on into one of Davout's infantry divisions in a [[meeting engagement]]. Generals of both armies led their troops with courage and skill as the troops fought over two ridges. French reinforcements finally pushed the Austrians off the southern ridge late in the afternoon and Charles ordered a retreat that night. This opened a clear path for Davout to join the main body of the French army on 20 April. ===Austrian Plans=== On 8 February 1809, the [[Austrian Empire]] determined to make war on Napoleon. Led by Foreign Minister [[Johann Philipp Stadion, Count von Warthausen]], the brilliant diplomat [[Klemens Wenzel, Prince von Metternich]], and [[Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este|Empress Maria Ludovika]], the war party pointed to the French disaster at the [[Battle of Bailen]] in 1808. However, Archduke Charles wished to put off the war in order to fully mobilize and find allies. Archduke Charles, appointed [[Generalissimo]] after the debacle of the [[War of the Third Coalition]] in 1805, had tried for three years to improve the Austrian army. Historian [[David G. Chandler]] writes, "Charles was the very best man available to Austria" to lead her army. He expanded the number of regular soldiers to 340,000 and created a large body of 240,000 [[landwehr]] troops. He upgraded the artillery corps, adopted the corps organization, and revised the infantry drillbook, incorporating more French-style tactical evolutions. Serious deficiencies remained, however, in Austrian staffwork, in the landwehr organization, and among the non-German nationalities. At the start, only 15,000 of the best landwehr formations were added to the field army while the rest were relegated to garrison duty or the reserves. The Habsburgs did not wish to arm the population for fear of an insurrection and therefore the landwehr was never fully utilized. In Hungary, the nobles and people were cool toward the war and contributed as little as possible. Archduke Charles and the [[Hofkriegsrat]] sent 50,000 in two corps to Italy under [[Archduke John of Austria|Archduke John]] and 40,000 more in one corps to [[Galicia (Eastern Europe)|Galicia]] under [[Archduke Ferdinand Karl Joseph of Austria-Este|Archduke Ferdinand]]. Charles massed the remaining regular army in [[Bohemia]] and along the [[Danube]] for the main effort. Charles' army was organized as follows. [[Image:Archdukecharles1.jpg|right|thumb|150px|alt=Archduke Charles Archduke Charles]] * Hauptarmee: Generalissimo Archduke Charles (206,906) ** I Armeekorps: General of Cavalry [[Count Heinrich von Bellegarde]] (27,653) ** II Armeekorps: [[Feldzeugmeister]] [[Johann Kollowrat]] (28,168) ** III Armeekorps: [[Feldmarschallleutnant|Feldmarschall-Leutnant]] [[Prince Friedrich Franz Xaver of Hohenzollern-Hechingen]] (29,360) ** IV Armeekorps: Feldmarschall-Leutnant [[Prince Franz Seraph of Rosenberg-Orsini]] (27,800) ** V Armeekorps: Feldmarschall-Leutnant [[Archduke Louis of Austria]] (32,266) ** VI Armeekorps: Feldmarschall-Leutnant [[Johann von Hiller]] (35,639) ** I Reserve Armeekorps: General of Cavalry [[Johann I Joseph, Prince of Liechtenstein]] (18,063) ** II Reserve Armeekorps: Feldmarschall-Leutnant [[Michael von Kienmayer]] (7,975) Originally, Archduke Charles deployed six corps in Bohemia with only two corps south of the Danube. This proved to be too ambitious for the Austrian high command, so four corps were transferred south of the Danube. Accordingly, the I and II Armeekorps remained in Bohemia; the III, IV, and I Reserve Armeekorps formed a central mass under Charles; and the V, VI, and II Reserve Armeekorps made up the southern flank guard. ===Operations=== On 9 April 1809, Archduke Charles gave notice to the French ambassador at [[Munich]] and Marshal [[François Joseph Lefebvre]] that Austrian and France were at war. The next morning, Charles' army began crossing the [[Inn (river)|Inn River]] in an invasion of the [[Kingdom of Bavaria]]. Only Lefebvre's VII Corps of three Bavarian divisions were available to oppose the Austrian onslaught. Fortunately for the Franco-Bavarians, it took six days for their enemies to reach the [[Isar|Isar River]] near [[Landshut]]. [[Image:Louis-Alexandre Berthier bust (Chateau de Blois).jpg|left|thumb|150px|alt=Louis Alexandre Berthier excelled as Napoleon's chief of staff, but as an army commander, he fumbled.|Louis Alexandre Berthier excelled as Napoleon's chief of staff, but as an army commander, he fumbled.]] Napoleon did not expect the Austrians to declare war, but when it became obvious that war was imminent, he believed that hostilities would start after 15 April. From Paris, Napoleon ordered Marshal [[Louis Alexandre Berthier]] to form [[La Grande Armée|La Grande Armée d'Allemagne]] (The Grand Army of Germany) from French and Allied units located on the [[Danube]] front. To Berthier he sent orders to concentrate at Regensburg if the Austrians invaded Bavaria after 15 April. If, however, his enemies attacked before the deadline, the army was to assemble farther west at [[Donauwörth]]. By misfortune, an order that Napoleon sent on 10 April did not arrive until the 16th. A second order, elaborating on the first order, arrived late on the 13th. Berthier was a excellent [[chief of staff]] to Napoleon, but as an army commander he was out of his element. In the confusion, he misinterpreted his instructions and ordered a forward concentration at Regensburg. Berthier commanded Davout, who had been sensibly concentrating rearward, to collect his corps at Regensburg on the left wing. Meanwhile, the right wing of the Grande Armée was 120 km distant, with only a thin line of Bavarians holding the center. On the right wing, Marshal [[Nicolas Oudinot]]'s II Corps was ordered to move toward Regensburg, while Marshal [[André Masséna]]'s IV Corps was directed to move from [[Ulm]] to [[Augsburg]]. On 16 April, the Austrians forced a crossing over the Isar at Landshut. Early the next morning, Napoleon reached the front to take over from his harried subordinate Berthier. He quickly ordered a new concentration near [[Ingolstadt]]. To this end, the emperor recalled Davout's III Corps from Regensburg on the south bank of the Danube. Lefebvre's Bavarians must hold the center until Davout got away. It was not until 18 April that Napoleon realized that 80,000 Austrians menaced Davout. He decided to send Masséna toward Landshut to threaten Archduke Charles' rear in an attempt to take the pressure off Davout. Meanwhile, the emperor instructed Oudinot to support Lefebvre, and directed [[General of Division]] [[Dominique Vandamme]]'s small [[Kingdom of Württemberg|Württemberg]] corps to march east from Ingolstadt. For his part, Archduke Charles was aware that he had a chance to destroy Davout's corps. ===French forces=== [[Image:Louis-Nicolas Davout.jpg|right|thumb|150px|alt=Marshal Louis-Nicolas Davout led the French III Corps at Teugen-Hausen.|Marshal Louis Davout]] * III Corps: [[Marshal of France|Maréchal]] [[Louis-Nicolas Davout]] (34,672, 47 guns) ** Corps Artillery Reserve: [[General of Division|Général de Division]] Antoine Hanicque (359) *** (2) 12 pdr foot batteries (12 guns) ** 2nd Division: Général de Division [[Louis Friant]] (11,440) *** Brigade: [[General of Brigade|Général de Brigade]] Jacques Gilly **** 10ème Régiment d'Infanterie Légère **** 33ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne *** Brigade: Général de Brigade Louis Grandeau **** 108ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne *** Brigade: Général de Brigade Claude Hervo **** 111ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne *** Brigade: Général de Brigade Joseph Barbanègre **** 48ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne *** Divisional Artillery: 8 pdr foot battery (8 guns) ** 4th Division: Général de Division [[Louis Vincent Le Blond de Saint-Hilaire]] (11,330) *** Brigade: Général de Brigade Guillaume Latrille de Lorencez **** 10ème Régiment d'Infanterie Légère **** 3ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne **** 57ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne *** Brigade: Général de Brigade Jean-Marie Destabenrath **** 72ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne **** 105ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne *** Divisional Artillery: 8 pdr foot battery (8 guns), 6 pdr horse battery (7 guns) ** 3rd Division: Général de Division [[Charles-Étienne Gudin de La Sablonnière]] (11,543) *** Brigade: Général de Brigade Claude Petit **** 7ème Régiment d'Infanterie Légère *** Brigade: Général de Brigade Pierre Boyer **** 12ème Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne **** 21ème Régiment d'Infanterie de Ligne *** Brigade: Général de Brigade Jean Duppelin **** 25ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne **** 85ème Régiment d'lnfanterie de Ligne *** Divisional Artillery: 8 pdr foot battery (6 guns), 4 pdr horse battery (6 guns) ===Austrian forces=== [[Image:Prince Friedrich of Hohenzollern.jpg|right|thumb|150px|alt=Prince Friedrich of Hohenzollern-Hechingen led the Austrian III Armeekorps at Teugen-Hausen.|Prince Hohenzollern]] * III Armeekorps: [[Feldmarschallleutnant|Feldmarschall-Leutnant]] [[Friedrich Franz Xaver Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen]] (18,000) ** Artillery Reserve: [[Oberst]] Johann Smola *** 6 pdr Position Battery (6 guns) *** (3) 12 pdr Position Batteries (18 guns) ** Light Division: Feldmarschall-Leutnant [[Josef Philipp Vukassovich]] *** Brigade: [[Brigadier General|General-Major]] Moritz Liechentstein **** ''Archduke Karl'' Legion (1st and 3rd bns) **** ''Archduke Ferdinand'' Hussar Regiment # 3 (8 sqns) **** 3 pdr Brigade Battery (8 guns) *** Brigade: General-Major Josef Pfanzelter '''(detached)''' **** ''Peterwardeiner'' Grenz IR # 9 (2 bns) '''(one bn detached)''' **** ''Hessen-Homburg'' Hussar Regiment # 4 (8 sqns) '''(two sqns detached)''' **** 3 pdr Grenz Brigade Battery (8 guns) *** Divisional Artillery: 6 pdr Cavalry Battery (6 guns) ** Division: Feldmarschall-Leutnant [[Franz Joseph, Marquis de Lusignan]] *** Brigade: General-Major Nikolaus Kayser **** ''Schröder'' IR # 7 (3 bns) **** ''Wenzel Colloredo'' IR # 56 (3 bns) **** 6 pdr Brigade Battery (8 guns) *** Brigade: General-Major Ludwig Thierry '''(detached)''' **** ''Kaiser'' IR # 1 (3 bns) '''(detached)''' **** ''Lindenau'' IR # 29 (3 bns) '''(detached)''' **** 6 pdr Brigade Battery (8 guns) '''(detached)''' *** Divisional Artillery: 6 pdr Position Battery (6 guns) ** Division: Feldmarschall-Leutnant [[Franz Xaver Saint-Julien]] *** Brigade: General-Major Alois Liechentstein **** ''Manfredini'' IR # 12 (3 bns) **** ''Würzburg'' IR # 23 (3 bns) **** 6 pdr Brigade Battery (8 guns) *** Brigade: General-Major Josef Bieber **** ''Kaunitz'' IR # 20 (3 bns) **** ''Württemberg'' IR # 38 (3 bns) **** 6 pdr Brigade Battery (8 guns) *** Divisional Artillery: 6 pdr Position Battery (6 guns) ===Key=== * IR = Infantry Regiment * bn, bns = Infantry battalion(s) * sqns = Cavalry squadrons * pdr = pounder, where 3, 4, 6, 8, or 12 represents the weight of the cannon ball in pounds ===Deployments=== Archduke Charles hoped that 19 April would bring a great success. His orders for that morning were for the center of his army to attack Davout in an effort to trap the French III Corps against the Danube. By a stroke of luck Charles obtained a copy of Davout's marching orders for the 19th. By 5:00 AM, the Austrian commander issued the marching orders for the day from his headquarters in [[Rohr in Niederbayern]]. Charles directed three major columns to intercept the French. He sent the right and center columns northeast toward [[Langquaid]]. From there, the right column would pass near [[Eckmühl]] (Eggmühl) and turn north for Regensburg where it would rendezvous with General-Major [[Peter von Vécsey]]'s II Armeekorps brigade. The center column would guide left in the direction of Dünzling. Charles instructed the left column to march via Bachel, [[Hausen, Lower Bavaria|Hausen]], [[Teugn]], and [[Bad Abbach]]. [[Image:Battle of Teugen-Hausen Map 1809.JPG|left|thumb|440px|alt=Battle of Teugen-Hausen, showing the attempt by Archduke Charles to cut off Marshal Davout|Battle of Teugen-Hausen, showing the attempt by Archduke Charles to cut off Marshal Davout]] On the right marched General of Cavalry [[Johann I Joseph, Prince of Liechtenstein]] with the three heavy cavalry brigades of his I Reserve Armeekorps. Attached to this command was General-Major Andreas Schneller's II Reserve Armeekorps cuirassier brigade and Feldmarschall-Leutnant [[Karl Friedrich von Lindenau]]'s V Armeekorps infantry division. In the center, Feldmarschall-Leutnant [[Prince Franz Seraph of Rosenberg-Orsini]] led the IV Armeekorps, followed by General-Major Prince Victor Rohan's division-sized 13,904-man grenadier brigade belonging to the I Reserve Armeekorps. On the left, Feldmarschall-Leutnant [[Prince Friedrich Franz Xaver of Hohenzollern-Hechingen]] advanced with his III Armeekorps, minus two detachments of about 7,000 troops. Altogether, the archduke committed 65,000 soldiers to destroy the French III Corps. Liechtenstein's right column moved north on the main road to [[Regensburg]]. Rosenberg advanced toward the hamlet of Dünzling, while Hohenzollern's proposed route went through the villages of Haugen and [[Saal an der Donau]]. At Saal, the Feking stream emptied into the Danube, creating a potential bottleneck. If the Austrians held the Saal defile, Davout's escape route would be cut off. North of the Danube, General of Cavalry [[Count Heinrich von Bellegarde]]'s I Armeekorps was still distant. [[Feldzeugmeister]] [[Johann Kollowrat]]'s II Armeekorps assembled on the Danube's north bank, opposite Regensburg, which was defended by a small French garrison. South of III Armeekorps, Feldmarschall-Leutnant [[Archduke Louis of Austria|Archduke Louis']] V Armeekorps, minus Lindenau's division, had orders to contain Marshal [[Francois Joseph Lefebvre]]'s Bavarian VII Corps near [[Abensberg]]. Feldmarschall-Leutnant [[Michael von Kienmayer]]'s II Reserve Armeekorps, minus its cuirassier brigade, remained at [[Pfeffenhausen]] in support of Louis. Feldmarschall-Leutnant [[Johann von Hiller]]'s VI Armeekorps was on the extreme left wing. Hiller posted Major Scheibler and 1,200 troops at [[Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm]] to look out for Marshal [[André Masséna]]'s forces. At the beginning of the war, Feldmarschall-Leutnant [[Franz Jellacic]]'s division was detached from Hiller in order to capture [[Munich]] and provide a link between Bavaria and the [[County of Tyrol|Tyrol]]. Hiller ordered Jellacic to rejoin him on 18 April, but the latter never arrived because Charles ordered him back to Munich. Jellacic's luckless command would continue its wanderings until being smashed at the [[Battle of Sankt Michael]] on 25 May. Archduke Charles ordered Hohenzollern to detach troops in order to provide a link between the III and V Armeekorps. Hohenzollern obeyed, sending General-Major Ludwig Thierry's brigade on this assignment, then he erred in sending a second 1,000-man detachment under General-Major Josef Pfanzelter to link III Armeekorps and Thierry. After the two detachments, only 18,000 troops remained to carry out the III Armeekorps' main mission. Davout sent the III Corps trains along the river road from Regensburg to [[Abensberg]]. [[General of Division]] [[Louis Friant]]'s 2nd Division, General of Division [[Charles-Étienne Gudin de La Sablonnière]]'s 3rd Division, and General of Division [[Raymond-Gaspard de Bonardi de Saint-Sulpice]]'s 2nd Heavy Cavalry Division protected the wagon train. Flank protection was provided by General of Division [[Charles Antoine Morand]]'s 1st Division, General of Division [[Louis Vincent Le Blond de Saint-Hilaire]]'s 4th Division, and General of Division [[Louis-Pierre Montbrun]]'s Light Cavalry Division. The corps commander also directed one battalion to make a night march in order to secure the all-important Saal defile. Regensburg was defended by Colonel Louis Coutard's 2,000-strong 65th Line Infantry Regiment. ===Dünzling, Arnhofen, and other clashes=== [[Image:Johann Josef I von Liechtenstein.jpg|right|thumb|150px|alt=Prince Johann von Liechtenstein's attack found no French opposition.|Johann Liechtenstein]] Johann Liechtenstein's blow on the right flank hit only air, as no French troops stood between him and Regensburg. Near Dünzling and Schneidert, Rosenberg bumped into Montbrun's cavalry, reinforced by two infantry battalions. With less than 4,000 troops, Montbrun conducted a brilliant delaying action against the IV Armeekorps all day, using the wooded terrain to good advantage. Rosenberg's corps was weakened early in the campaign by the detachment of Feldmarschall-Leutnant Joseph von Dedovich's division to besiege [[Passau]]. On 19 April Rosenberg marshaled 16 infantry battalions and 15 cavalry squadrons. At 9:00 AM near Schneidert, three kilometers east of Haugen, General-Major Karl von Stutterheim's IV Armeekorps advance guard brigade brushed against the 12th and 21st Line Infantry of Gudin's division as they marched west. Continuing to the northeast, Rosenberg began to "fritter away" forces to guard his flanks and rear. He left one battalion and one squadron with the grenadiers, one battalion and four squadrons to hold Schneidert, five battalions to guard his line of march, and one battalion to hold a hill at Moosholzen. After holding the Austrians near Moosholzen and Dünzling until evening, Montbrun fell back northwest to Peising near Abbach. Montbrun reported 233 total casualties while inflicting much heavier losses on his opponents. The Austrians lost 116 killed, 452 wounded, 357 captured, and 159 missing for a total of 1,084. As the link between Archduke Louis and Hohenzollern, Thierry had his reinforced brigade on the road at 6:00 am. When he reached high ground near Abensberg, he saw Bavarian troops massing nearby and soon became embroiled in a skirmish with them near the village of Arnhofen, northeast of Abensberg. In this contest, the Bavarian light cavalry mauled Thierry's four squadrons of attached dragoons. Elements of [[Ludwig I of Bavaria|Crown Prince Louis']] 1st Bavarian Division and General [[Karl Philipp von Wrede]]'s 2nd Bavarian Division were involved. The Bavarians admitted 13 killed, 201 wounded, and 13 captured out of 7,600 troops engaged, while claiming to have captured one cannon and 400 Austrian prisoners. Thierry withdrew his brigade southeast to Offenstetten. At Regensburg, the 65th Regiment evacuated the fortified bridgehead on the north bank of the Danube and withdrew into the suburb of Stadt-am-Hof. Under an artillery barrage, Kollowrat launched an assault against the town which burst through a gate and into the streets. However, the French defenders ambushed the Austrian column and drove it out of the suburb. After an all-day fight, the French held Stadt-am-Hof and Regensberg, but ran dangerously low on small-arms ammunition. Coutard begged Davout for a resupply but it would never arrive. A hastily organized convoy was captured by Austrian cavalry the following morning. Far to the southwest at Pfaffenhoffen, Marshal [[Nicolas Oudinot]] fell on Scheibler's isolated VI Armeekorps detachment with the leading formations of his II Corps. Attacking with an infantry division and [[Pierre David de Colbert-Chabanais|Pierre Colbert's]] cavalry brigade, the French routed the Austrians and took 200 prisoners. ===Teugn and Hausen=== Sometime after 9:00 am, Saint-Hilaire's advance elements blundered into the III Armeekorps marching column at Hausen. Feldmarschall-Leutnant Vukassovich quickly deployed two battalions of light infantry, the ''Peterwardeiner'' Grenz and the ''Archduke Charles'' Legion, and flushed the French from the village, chasing them north. By the time the French commanders reacted, Vukassovich installed General-Major Moritz Liechtenstein's brigade on a wooded ridge approximately half-way between Hausen and Teugn. (Half of Pfanzelter's brigade of Vukassovich was detached.) He was joined there by Feldmarschall-Leutnant [[Franz Joseph, Marquis de Lusignan]] and the brigade of General-Major Nikolaus Kayser. (Lusignan's other brigade, Thierry's was detached to the left.) [[Image:Napoleon Grenadier of 1808 by Bellange.jpg|left|thumb|200px|alt=French grenadier (left) and voltiguer (right) of a line infantry regiment|French grenadier (left) and voltiguer (right) of a line infantry regiment]] To gain time for Saint-Hilaire's division to deploy out of marching column, Davout hurled the 2,000 troops of the 3rd Line Infantry Regiment at Vukassovich and Lusignan's 6,000 soldiers and 12 cannon. The entire 3rd Line deployed into skirmish formation and swarmed uphill. Its attack failed to dislodge the Austrians, but it allowed time for the [[57th Line Infantry Regiment]] (called "the Terrible") to organize a second assault. The 57th Line's charge carried the first ridge, but stalled before a second ridge. In the teeth of intense musketry and cannon fire, the highly-trained French infantry deployed into line and returned fire. By this time the 3rd Line had reformed behind the 57th and took position on its right. Farther to the right, the 10th Light Infantry surged forward against the Austrian left flank where they forced an Austrian battery to retire to the rear. The new attack faltered and fell back to the first ridge when it ran into a strong position on the second ridge. By this time both sides had received reinforcements. On the French side, the last two units of Saint-Hilaire's division, the 72nd and 105th Line Infantry Regiments deployed near Teugn. For the Austrians, General-Major Alois Liechtenstein brought up the first brigade of Feldmarschall-Leutnant [[Franz Xaver Saint-Julien]]'s division. Hohenzollern launched a frontal attack on the 57th Line. At the same time he sent half of Alois Liechtenstein's brigade through the woods to envelop the French left flank. Davout's [[Chief of staff]] General of Division [[Jean Dominique Compans]] alertly sent the 72nd Line to stop the flanking move. The French caught the Austrians just as they began to deploy from column into line and hustled them back into the trees. Lusignan, Saint-Julien, and Alois Liechtenstein called for another effort. One of Vukassovich's hussar regiments swept out of the woods, heading for the 57th Line's flank. The left battalion of the 57th formed square and drove off the horsemen. With their generals displaying front-line leadership, the Austrian attack roared out of the woods and fell on the French troops lining the first ridge. The push collapsed in the face of converging musketry from the defenders' concave line and a thrust against its left flank by the 3rd Line. Alois Liechtenstein bravely led the ''Würzburg'' Infantry Regiment # 23 in another charge, this time against one French flank. This thrust finally succeeded in shoving the French off the first ridge, though Liechtenstein fell badly wounded. A lull ensued in which Davout personally rallied Saint-Hilaire's exhausted survivors. Davout's artillery arrived about 3:00 pm, having been delayed by a staff blunder. Backed by artillery support for the first time, the tired French infantry retook the first ridge. An artillery colonel scouted the woods on the Austrian right flank and found a promising position to post his guns. When he reported his discovery to Saint-Hilaire, the two improvised a new attack. Saint-Hilaire waved his men forward in a new frontal attack while a horse artillery battery slipped into position unnoticed by the Austrians. The advance guard of Friant's division soon appeared, aiming for the Austrian right flank. Suddenly, the French unmasked their hidden battery, opening a destructive enfilade fire. The shocked Austrians rapidly lost ground. About this time, the last of Saint-Julien's brigades under General-Major Josef Bieber put in an appearance. A counterattack by one of Bieber's regiments halted the French pursuit, though Moritz Liechtenstein was wounded. At 5:00 pm a violent thunderstorm swept across the area, ending the battle. ==Results== According to historian James R. Arnold, the Austrians admitted 527 killed, 2,470 wounded, and 466 captured, for a total of 3,463. The French reported 2,345 casualties, mostly in Saint-Hilaire's division. [[Digby Smith]] puts Austrian casualties at 3,862 and French losses at about 4,000. [[Francis Loraine Petre]] gives Austrian casualties as 3,846 and French losses as 4,376. The latter total includes French losses at Dünzling. Austrian general officers suffered unusually heavy lossses, attesting to "front-line leadership that heretofore had been rare." The brothers Alois and Moritz Liechtenstein, Bieber, and Lusignan were all wounded. Lusignan sustained a dangerous head wound which forced his permanent retirement from military service. After receiving an unfavorable report of the battle from Hohenzollern, Archduke Charles ordered him to retreat. This act conceded the victory to Davout, since this gave the French Marshal a clear line of communication with his Bavarian allies. At 10 pm on the 19th, Lefebvre sent the important information to Napoleon that he could see Davout's campfires near Teugn. To the Emperor, this meant that the III Corps had escaped entrapment. The [[Battle of Abensberg]] was fought the next day. ==Historical note== Napoleon's name for the battle of the 19th was "Thann". [[Francis Loraine Petre]] remarked, "The 'battle of Hausen-Teugen' would have been more appropriate." Herrnwahlthann or Thann is two kilometers southwest of Haugen.The distance and direction can be discerned by using Google Earth. ===Books=== * Arnold, James R. ''Crisis on the Danube.'' New York: Paragon House, 1990. ISBN 1-55778-137-0 * Bowden, Scotty & Tarbox, Charlie. ''Armies on the Danube 1809''. Arlington, Texas: Empire Games Press, 1980. * [[David G. Chandler|Chandler, David]]. ''The Campaigns of Napoleon.'' New York: Macmillan, 1966. * Epstein, Robert M. ''Napoleon's Last Victory and the Emergence of Modern War''. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1994. * [[Francis Loraine Petre|Petre, F. Loraine]]. ''Napoleon and the Archduke Charles''. New York: Hippocrene Books, (1909) 1976. * [[Gunther E. Rothenberg|Rothenberg, Gunther E.]] ''Napoleon's Great Adversaries, The Archduke Charles and the Austrian Army, 1792-1814''. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 1982 ISBN 0-253-33969-3 * Schneid, Frederick C. ''Napoleon's Italian Campaigns: 1805-1815''. Westport, Conn.: Praeger Publishers, 2002. ISBN 0-275-96875-8 * [[Digby Smith|Smith, Digby]]. ''The Napoleonic Wars Data Book.'' London: Greenhill, 1998. ISBN 1-85367-276-9 ===External references=== *[http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/biographies/Austria/AustrianGenerals/c_AustrianGeneralsL.html#L61 napoleon-series.org ''Lusignan, Franz Joseph Marquis'' by Digby Smith, compiled by Leopold Kudrna] * ''The following two websites are excellent sources for the full names of generals.'' * [[:fr:Liste des généraux de la Révolution et du Premier Empire|French wikipedia, ''Liste des généraux de la Révolution et du Premier Empire'']] * [http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/biographies/Austria/AustrianGenerals/c_AustrianGeneralsIntro.html napoleon-series.org ''Austrian Generals: 1792-1815'' by Digby Smith, compiled by Leopold Kudrna] {{coord missing|Germany}} {{DEFAULTSORT:Teugen-Hausen, Battle of}}