Battle of Hazir

Battle of Hazir

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{{Campaignbox Byzantine-Arab Wars}} {{Campaignbox Campaigns of Khalid ibn Walid}} '''Battle of Hazir''' took place between the [[Byzantine army]] and [[Rashidun army]]'s elite cavalry the [[Mobile guard]], in June 637, 3 miles east of [[Qinnasrin]] at Hazir in present-day [[Syria]]. ==Background== {{Unreferenced section|date=April 2008}} After the conquest of [[Jerusalem]] [[Caliph]] [[Umar]] went back to his capital city of [[Madinah]] and following the [[Caliph]]'s instructions, Yazeed proceeded to Caesarea and once again laid siege to the port city. Amr bin al-A’as and Sharhabeel marched to reoccupy [[Palestine]] and [[Jordan]], which task was completed by the end of this year. [[Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah]] and [[Khalid ibn Walid]], with an army of 17,000 men, set off from [[Jerusalem]] to conquer all of Northern [[Syria]]. Abu Ubaidah marched to [[Damascus]], which was already in [[Muslim]] hands, and then to [[Homs|Emesa (Homs)]], which welcomed his return. His next objective was [[Qinnasrin]], and towards this the army advanced with Khalid and the [[Mobile guard]] in the lead. After a few days the Mobile Guard reached Hazir, 3 miles east of Qinnasrin, and here it was attacked in strength by the Byzantines. The Byzantine garrison commander at Qinnasrin was a general named Meenas, a distinguished soldier who was loved by his men. Meenas knew that if he stayed in Qinnasrin, he would be besieged by the [[Rashidun army]] and would eventually have to surrender, as at present no help could be expected from the [[Emperor]]. He therefore decided to take the offensive and attack the leading elements of the [[Rashidun army]] well forward of the city and defeat them before they could be joined by the main body. With this plan in mind, Meenas attacked the [[Mobile guard]] at Hazir with a force whose strength is abt 70000 men recorded; He either did not know that Khalid was present with the leading elements of the Muslim army or did not believe all what he had heard about [[Khalid ibn Walid]]. ==Battle== The Battle began at Hazir, which was a farming [[village]], on a plain 3 miles east of Qinnasrin. Khalid threw his [[Mobile guard]] into fighting formation for battle, Meenas arranged his army in one center and two wings and was himself leading the army in the front ranks like Khalid, and soon a fierce action was raging at Hazir. The battle was still in its early stages when Meenas was killed; and as the news of his death spread among his men, the [[Byzantine army|Byzantine soldiers]] went wild with fury and attacked savagely to avenge their beloved leader's death. But they were up against the finest body of men of the time. Khalid took a [[cavalry]] [[regiment]] and manoeuvred from a side of one of the wing and attacked the [[Byzantine army]] from the rear soon the whole army encircled and their very desire for vengeance proved their undoing for not a single Roman survived the Battle of Hazir. ==Aftermaths== As soon as the battle was over, the people of Hazir came out of their town to greet Khalid. They pleaded that they were [[Arab]]s and had no intention to fight him. Khalid accepted their surrender, and advanced to Qinnasrin. At Qinnasrin the part of the Roman garrison which had not accompanied Meenas to Hazir shut itself up in the fort. As soon as Khalid arrived, he sent a message to the garrison: {{cquote|"If you were in the clouds, Allah would raise us to you or lower you to us for battle."}}. Without further delay Qinnasrin surrendered to Khalid. The Battle of Hazir and the surrender of Qinnasrin took place about June 637. When [[Caliph]] [[Umar]] received reports of the Battle of Hazir, he made no attempt to conceal his admiration for the military genius of Khalid. [[Umar]] exclaimed.. {{cquote| "Khalid is truly the commander, May Allah have mercy upon [[Abu Bakr]]. He was a better judge of men than I have been."}} This was [[Umar]]'s first admission that perhaps he had not judged Khalid rightly after he had dismissed Khalid from the command of Muslims army. ==External links== *[http://www.swordofallah.com/html/bookhome.htm A.I. Akram, ''The Sword of Allah: Khalid bin al-Waleed, His Life and Campaigns'' Lahore, 1969] ==Sources== *A.I. Akram, ''The Sword of Allah: Khalid bin al-Waleed, His Life and Campaigns'', Nat. Publishing. House, Rawalpindi (1970) ISBN 978-0-7101-0104-4. {{coord missing|Syria}}