Battle of Gulnabad

Battle of Gulnabad

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The '''Battle of Gulnabad''' (Sunday, March 8, 1722) was fought between the [[military of Afghanistan|military forces]] from [[Afghanistan]] and the army of the [[Safavid dynasty|Persian Safavid Empire]]. The battle resulted in Afghanistan, under [[Mahmud Hotaki|Shah Mahmud]], winning and controlling much of Persia. Persian [[Sultan Husayn|Shah Husayn]] was taken captive during the battle. This resulted in the once wealthy and powerful Persia falling into anarchy, with their cities being looted, a number of women belonging to prominent families being married off to powerful men from Afghanistan, with bloodlines becoming blurred. It further cemented the eventual fall of the [[Safavid dynasty|Persian Empire]]. One account of the battle described the Persian army as being beautifully outfitted, with lavish horses and uniforms, and over twice the number of the Afghan 20,000 force. On the contrary, the [[Afghan (name)|Afghan]] forces were described as being in loose formations, very few in anything that appeared to be a uniform, hungry and in need of equipment. {{Quote|''The sun had just appeared on the horizon when the armies began to observe each other with that curiosity so natural on these dreadful occasions. The [[Safavid dynasty|Persian army]] just come out of the [[Isfahan|capital]], being com­posed of whatever was most brilliant at court, seemed as if it had been formed rather to make a show than to fight. The riches and variety of their arms and vestments, the beauty of their horses, the gold and precious stones with which some of their harnesses were covered, and the richness of their tents contributed to render the Persian camp very pompous and magnificent.''
''On the other side there was a much smaller body of soldiers, dis­figured with fatigue and the scorching heat of the sun. Their clothes were so ragged and torn in so long a march that they were scarce sufficient to cover them from the weather, and, their horses being adorned with only leather and brass, there was nothing glittering about them but their spears and sabres...''.|[[Jonas Hanway]]|1712–1786}} The Afghans won the war and began their conquest of the Persian Empire. Numbers and casualty figures of the Gulnabad battle are believed to be between 5,000 to 15,000 dead Persian soldiers, and in the [[siege]] that followed, over 80,000 Persians died due to war and famine. It was following the battle that the Afghans laid siege to the Persian city of [[Isfahan]] for six months, after which they took the capital of the Persian Empire. ==Additional reading== * [[Michael Axworthy|Axworthy, Michael]] (2006). ''[http://books.google.com/books?id=O4FFQjh-gr8C&source=gbs_navlinks_s The Sword of Persia: Nader Shah, from Tribal Warrior to Conquering Tyrant]''. [[I.B. Tauris]], London. ISBN 1-85043-706-8 * [[George Bruce Malleson|Malleson, George Bruce]]. ''[http://books.google.com/books?id=pqNGBEmHUd4C&source=gbs_navlinks_s History of Afghanistan, from the Earliest Period to the Outbreak of the War of 1878]''. Elibron.com, London. ISBN 1-40217-278-8 * J. P. Ferrier (1858). ''[http://books.google.com/books?id=POZAAAAAcAAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s History of the Afghans]''. Publisher: Murray. ==External links== *[http://www.worldtimelines.org.uk/world/asia/western/AD1500-1920 World Timelines - Battle of Gulnabad: Afghans defeat Safavids and take control of most of Persia] *[http://www.conflicts.rem33.com/images/Georgia/Allen_14.htm Conflicts, some details on the battle] *[http://www.muslimaccess.com/sunnah/historyofislam/centuries/century18.html Battle of Gulnabad, brief] {{coord missing|Iran}}