Battle of Damghan

Battle of Damghan

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The '''Battle of Damghan''' was fought from September 29 to October 5, 1729, near the city of [[Damghan]]. On one side of the battle were the [[Afsharid dynasty|Afsharid Persians]] commanded by [[Nader Shah|Nader Shah Afsharid]]. On the other side were the [[Hotaki dynasty|Hotaki forces]] led by [[Ashraf Hotaki]]. The Persian army consisted of [[Qizilbash]]{{dubious|date=October 2010}} tribesmen of the northern [[Afshar tribe]] while the Hotaki forces consisted of [[Pashtun people|Afghans]], [[Tartars]], [[Kurds]], and [[Zoroastrianism|Ghebers]]. The battle was followed by another one in Murcheh-Khort, a village near [[Isfahan]]. Nadir Shah's forces were victorious in both battles, which led him to remove the Ghilzai Afghan dynasty from the Persian throne. The Hotakis were forced back to their territory in what is now southern [[Afghanistan]].{{quote|''Meanwhile Ashraf, having taken [[Yazd]] and [[Kerman|Kirmán]], marched into [[Khorasan Province|Khurásán]] with an army of thirty thousand men to give battle to Ṭahmásp, but he was completely defeated by Nádir on October 2 at Dámghán. Another decisive battle was fought in the following year at Múrchakhúr near Iṣfahán. The Afgháns were again defeated and evacuated Iṣfahán to the number of twelve thousand men, but, before quitting the city he had ruined, Ashraf murdered the unfortunate ex-[[Sultan Husayn|Shah Husayn]], and carried off most of the ladies of the royal family and the King's treasure. When [[Tahmasp II|Ṭahmásp II]] entered Iṣfahán on December 9 he found only his old mother, who had escaped deportation by disguising herself as a servant, and was moved to tears at the desolation and desecration which met his eyes at every turn. Nádir, having finally induced Ṭahmásp to empower him to levy taxes on his own authority, marched southwards in pursuit of the retiring Afgháns, whom he overtook and again defeated near [[Persepolis]]. Ashraf fled from [[Shiraz|Shíráz]] towards his own country, but cold, hunger and the unrelenting hostility of the inhabitants of the regions which he had to traverse dissipated his forces and compelled him to abandon his captives and his treasure, and he was finally killed by a party of [[Baloch people|Balúch]] tribesmen. Thus ended the disastrous period of Afghán dominion in Persia in A.D. 1730, having lasted eight years.''|[[Edward Granville Browne|Edward G. Browne]]|1924}} ==Further reading== * [[Michael Axworthy]], ''The Sword of Persia: Nader Shah, from Tribal Warrior to Conquering Tyrant'' Hardcover 348 pages (26 July 2006) Publisher: [[I.B. Tauris]] Language: English ISBN 1-85043-706-8 {{coord missing|Iran}} {{DEFAULTSORT:Battle Of Damghan}}