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'''Battle of Curzola''' (or '''Battle of [[Korčula]]''', from the modern name of the place along the coast of southern [[Dalmatia]], now in [[Croatia]]) was the [[naval battle]] which was fought on September 9, 1298 between the fleets of [[Republic of Genoa|Genoa]] and [[Republic of Venice|Venice]]; it was a disaster for Venice, a major setback among many battles fought in the 13th and 14th centuries between [[Republic of Pisa|Pisa]], Genoa and Venice in a long series of wars for the control of [[Mediterranean Sea|Mediterranean]] and [[Levant]]ine trade.
The battle took place in the channel between the island of [[Korčula|Curzola]] (now Korčula) and the mainland peninsula of [[Pelješac|Sabbioncello]] (Pelješac), and ashore, where Venetian men had been landed on the island's far side. The Venetians were led by [[Admiral]] [[Andrea Dandolo (admiral)|Andrea Dandolo]], son of Doge [[Giovanni Dandolo]], and the Genoese by [[Lamba Doria]], whose son was killed in the fighting: "Throw my son overboard into the deep sea," Doria was said to have ordered: "What better resting place can we give him?"
[[File:Venetian galley at Curzola-engraving.jpg|180px|thumb|left|Venetian galley at Curzola]]
The fleet of the two states were apparently equal in number, but, after the Venetians in their haste to capture Genoese galleys ran their own aground, Doria exhibited superior strategy and managed to inflict a resounding defeat on his enemies. The disaster seemed almost complete for Venice: 83 of their 95 ships were destroyed and about 7,000 men were killed. The Genoese were victorious and Dandolo committed suicide in his first days of captivity. Venice suffered heavy losses, but she managed to immediately equip another 100 [[galley]]s and tried to obtain reasonable peace conditions that did not significatively hampered its power and prosperity.
According to a later tradition (16th Century) recorded by [[Giovanni Battista Ramusio]], [[Marco Polo]] was one of those among the Venetian prisoners and he dictated [[The Travels of Marco Polo|his famous book]] during the few months of his imprisonment; but whether he was actually caught at this battle or at a previous minor engagement near [[Ayas (city)|Laiazzo]] (Ayas) is unclear.
*[http://www.korcula.net/mpolo/mpbitka2005.htm The naval battle dramatised by Korculans]
*[http://www.korcula.net/mpolo/mpolo7.htm History of the battle by Dr Zivan Fillipi]