was a German
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...
bus and truck manufacturer established by Heinrich Büssing (1843-1929) at Braunschweig in 1903. Büssing's first truck was a 2 ton payload machine powered by a 2-cylinder gasoline engine and featuring worm drive
A worm drive is a gear arrangement in which a worm meshes with a worm gear...
. That successful design was later built under license by other companies in Germany, Austria, Hungary and by Straker-Squire
Straker-Squire was a British automobile manufacturer based in Bristol, and later Edmonton in North London....
Before World War I Büssing started to build heavy-duty trucks for its time.
These trucks featured with 4 and 6 cylinder engines. (5 tonnes and 11 tonnes respectively).
In 1923 Büssing introduced the first rigid three axle chassis
A chassis consists of an internal framework that supports a man-made object. It is analogous to an animal's skeleton. An example of a chassis is the underpart of a motor vehicle, consisting of the frame with the wheels and machinery.- Vehicles :In the case of vehicles, the term chassis means the...
which used in upcoming models and allowed Büssing to lead the market share in Germany in commercial vehicles.
Büssing NAG used inmates of several Nazi concentration camps in Braunschweig from 1944 to March 1945 for slave labor. These camps were subcamps to the Neuengamme concentration camp.
- First acquisition for Büssing was Mannesmann-Mulag Motoren und Lastwagen AG of Aachen.
- Elbing plant of Automobil Fabrik Kornnick AG.
- In 1934 Neue Automobil Gesellschaft
Neue Automobil-Gesellschaft was a German automobile manufacturer in Berlin.In 1902, German electrical company AEG purchased the coachbuilding side of Kühlstein under engineer Joseph Vollmer, renaming it NAG...
(NAG). After the takeover Büssing used the brand Büssing-NAG until 1950.
- Büssing took over the Borgward plant at Osterholz-Scharmbeck in 1962. This plant used for building military 4 tonne 4x4. (1968 Factory was sold to Faun-Werke GmbH)
- 1930's Büssing began building heavy duty trucks with diesel engine
A diesel engine is an internal combustion engine that uses the heat of compression to initiate ignition to burn the fuel, which is injected into the combustion chamber...
- 1936 Büssing pioneered the horizontal "underfloor" diesel engines
- During World War II Büssing once again supplied military vehicles including 6x4 armoured cars and an 8x8 with all-wheel steering.
After World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...
civilian production resumed with a 5-tonne and later a 7-tonne trucks.
In 1950 the company name became Büssing Nutzkraftwagen GmbH
and production was concentrated on underfloor-engined trucks which were to become the firm's speciality. Most tractor units and all normal-control trucks had vertical engines, but in the mid 1960s there was a version of their Commodore maximum-weight tractor unit, the 16-210. which had a horizontal diesel mounted under the cab ahead of the front axle, the gearbox being mounted halfway along the truck's chassis.
In 1969 Büssing started strong ties with MAN AG. MAN AG was a customer to some Büssing's innovative trucks and parts while they were promoting their own line-up.
In 1971 MAN AG takeover of Büssing was announced.
MAN AG started to use the lion logo on their newly named trucks MAN-Büssings.
Büssing's unique underfloor-engined truck range continued in production under the MAN AG through to the late 1980s.
Büssing manufactured trolleybus
A trolleybus is an electric bus that draws its electricity from overhead wires using spring-loaded trolley poles. Two wires and poles are required to complete the electrical circuit...
es between 1933 and 1968, producing approximately 92 vehicles. Most were for German cities, but production also included 21 trolleybuses for Izmir
Izmir is a large metropolis in the western extremity of Anatolia. The metropolitan area in the entire Izmir Province had a population of 3.35 million as of 2010, making the city third most populous in Turkey...
, Turkey in 1962 and 1968 and 14 for Lucerne
Lucerne is a city in north-central Switzerland, in the German-speaking portion of that country. Lucerne is the capital of the Canton of Lucerne and the capital of the district of the same name. With a population of about 76,200 people, Lucerne is the most populous city in Central Switzerland, and...
, Switzerland in 1965. At least four Büssing trolleybuses have been preserved, including ones at the Verkehrsmuseum Frankfurt am Main, at the Hannoversches Straßenbahn-Museum
and at the Historama
transport museum in Ferlach
Ferlach is the southernmost town in Austria, about 17 km south of the Carinthian capital Klagenfurt. It is situated in the Rosental/Rož Valley of the Drava River, at the northern slope of the Karawanken mountain range...